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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818852/accuracy-of-11-formulae-to-guide-umbilical-arterial-catheter-tip-placement-in-newborn-infants
#1
Wei Ling Lean, Jennifer A Dawson, Peter G Davis, Christiane Theda, Marta Thio
BACKGROUND: Umbilical arterial catheter (UAC) insertion is a common procedure in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Correct placement of the tip of the UAC at first attempt minimises handling of the infant and reduces the risk of infection and complications. We aimed to determine the accuracy of 11 published formulae to guide UAC placement. METHODS: This was a one-year prospective observational study in a tertiary NICU. Clinicians used their preferred formula for UAC insertion, with X-rays performed immediately post-procedure to check the tip position...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816892/use-of-a-tourniquet-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-causes-a-paradoxical-increase-in-total-blood-loss
#2
Timothy Schnettler, Natalie Papillon, Harold Rees
BACKGROUND: A tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty has been used in an attempt to decrease perioperative blood loss; however, questions exist regarding safety and efficacy. Tranexamic acid has also been used to decrease blood loss by stabilizing clot formation. Because of these concerns, routine tourniquet use for total knee arthroplasty was discontinued by the senior author and routine tranexamic acid administration was commenced. The purpose of this study was to examine total perioperative blood loss with tourniquet use, with tourniquet use and routine use of tranexamic acid, and with tranexamic acid use alone without tourniquet...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810895/understanding-the-cluster-randomised-crossover-design-a-graphical-illustraton-of-the-components-of-variation-and%C3%A2-a-sample-size%C3%A2-tutorial
#3
Sarah J Arnup, Joanne E McKenzie, Karla Hemming, David Pilcher, Andrew B Forbes
BACKGROUND: In a cluster randomised crossover (CRXO) design, a sequence of interventions is assigned to a group, or 'cluster' of individuals. Each cluster receives each intervention in a separate period of time, forming 'cluster-periods'. Sample size calculations for CRXO trials need to account for both the cluster randomisation and crossover aspects of the design. Formulae are available for the two-period, two-intervention, cross-sectional CRXO design, however implementation of these formulae is known to be suboptimal...
August 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810788/direct-measurement-of-site-specific-rates-of-reactions-of-h-with-c3h8-i-c4h10-and-n-c4h10
#4
Chia-Chieh Lin, Wei-Yu Chen, Hiroyuki Matsui, Niann-Shiah Wang
We measured the rates of abstraction of a hydrogen atom from specific sites in propane C3H8, 2-methyl propane (i-C4H10), and butane (n-C4H10); the sites are a primary hydrogen of C3H8 and i-C4H10 and a secondary hydrogen of n-C4H10. The excellent reproducibility of conditions of a diaphragm-less shock tube enabled us to conduct comparative measurements of the evolution of H atoms in three mixtures-(i) 0.5 ppm C2H5I + Ar, (ii) 0.5 ppm C2H5I + 50-100 ppm alkane as C3H8 or i-C4H10 or n-C4H10 + Ar, and (iii) the same concentrations of alkane + Ar without C2H5I-in the temperature range 1000-1200 K and at a pressure of 2...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809756/hidden-symmetries-in-n-layer-dielectric-stacks
#5
Haihao Liu, Muhammad Shoufie Ukhtary, Riichiro Saito
The optical properties of a multilayer system of dielectric media with arbitrary N layers is investigated. Each layer is one of two dielectric media, with thickness one-quarter the wavelength of light in that medium, corresponding to a central frequency. Using the transfer matrix method, the transmittance T is calculated for all possible 2^N sequences for small N. Unexpectedly, it is found that instead of 2^N different values of T at the central frequency (T_0), there are either (N/2+1) or (N+1) discrete values of T_0 for even or odd N, respectively...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808989/can-we-reliably-predict-the-level-of-anticoagulation-after-enoxaparin-injection-in-elderly-patients-with-renal-failure
#6
Luca Pellizzari, Roberto Facchinetti, Luigi Corrà, Anna Sepe, Francesco Fantin, Giorgia Fontana, Mauro Zamboni, Vincenzo Di Francesco
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of anti-activated factor X (anti-Xa) in patients with different degrees of chronic renal failure (CRF), treated with therapeutic doses of low molecular weight heparin. DESIGN: This prospective study evaluated the effect of age, renal function, BMI, gender, in determining the efficacy and safety of treatment with enoxaparin, evaluated by assessing the anti-Xa. The therapeutic anticoagulant range was set between 0...
August 14, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808644/the-comparative-study-of-refractive-index-variations-between-haigis-srk-t-and-hoffer-q-formulas-used-for-preoperative-biometry-calculation-in-patients-with-the-axial-length-25-mm
#7
Hasan Razmjoo, Hosein Atarzadeh, Neda Kargar, Mohammad Behfarnia, Kobra Nasrollahi, Ali Kamali
BACKGROUND: To compare refractive index variation between Hoffer-Q, Haigis and SRK/T formulas used for preoperative biometry calculation in patients with axial length >25 mm, undergoing cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial study was performed on 54 eyes of 54 patients with ages of 40-70 years old and axial length >25 mm classified into three groups that their IOL POWER were calculated by Haigis, SRK/T and Hoffer-Q formulas before undergoing cataract surgery...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806350/blood-pressure-variability-is-increasing-from-the-first-to-the-second-day-of-the-interdialytic-interval-in-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Antonios Karpetas, Charalampos Loutradis, Athanasios Bikos, Georgios Tzanis, Georgios Koutroumpas, Antonios A Lazaridis, Konstantinos Mavromatidis, Vassilios Liakopoulos, Aikaterini Papagianni, Pantelis Zebekakis, Luis M Ruilope, Gianfranco Parati, Pantelis A Sarafidis
OBJECTIVES: Patients with end-stage renal-disease under hemodialysis have increased cardiovascular risk and experience severe blood pressure (BP) fluctuations during the dialysis session and the subsequent interdialytic period. BP variability (BPV) may be an additional risk factor for cardiovascular events and preliminary data suggest increased BPV with advancing stages of chronic kidney disease. This is the first study to examine BPV during the whole intradialytic and interdialytic period in hemodialysis patients with ambulatory BP monitoring...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806078/a-time-dependent-coupled-perturbed-hartree-fock-and-density-functional-theory-approach-for-calculating-frequency-dependent-hyper-polarizabilities-with-non-orthogonal-localized-molecular-orbitals
#9
Daoling Peng, Shaopeng Li, Liang Peng, Feng Long Gu, Weitao Yang
Time-dependent coupled perturbed Hartree-Fock/Density-Functional-Theory (TDHF/TDDFT) approach has been reformulated based on non-orthogonal localized molecular orbitals (NOLMOs). Based on the NOLMO Fock equation, we have derived the corresponding NOLMO-TDHF/TDDFT equations up to the third order, and the formula for the frequency dependent (hyper)polarizabilities have been given. Our approach has been applied to calculate both static and dynamic (hyper)polarizabilities of molecules varying from small molecules to large molecules...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804877/validation-of-a-geriatric-trauma-prognosis-calculator-a-p-a-l-li-a-t-e-consortium-study
#10
Allyson C Cook, Bellal Joseph, M Jane Mohler, Kenji Inaba, Brandon R Bruns, Paul A Nakonezny, Jeff D Kerby, Karen J Brasel, Steven E Wolf, Joseph Cuschieri, M Elizabeth Paulk, Ramona L Rhodes, Scott C Brakenridge, A Peter Ekeh, Herb A Phelan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The P.A.L.Li.A.T.E. (prognostic assessment of life and limitations after trauma in the elderly) consortium has previously created a prognosis calculator for mortality after geriatric injury based on age, injury severity, and transfusion requirement called the geriatric trauma outcome score (GTOS). Here, we sought to create and validate a prognosis calculator called the geriatric trauma outcome score ii (GTOS II) estimating probability of unfavorable discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803737/cone-beam-computed-tomography-based-cephalometric-norms-for-brazilian-adults
#11
R M G Santos, J M De Martino, F Haiter Neto, L A Passeri
This study established cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)-based cephalometric norms for Brazilian adults, including the assessment of sexual dimorphism. An observer performed McNamara's cephalometric analysis twice on 60 CBCT datasets acquired from patients with a normal dental occlusion, divided equally into two groups by sex. Welch's t-test was applied to assess differences between the sexes in hard tissue cephalometric measurements, and Dahlberg's formula was used to calculate measurement error introduced by the observer...
August 10, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803378/qt-interval-prolongation-in-hospitalized-patients-on-cardiology-wards-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Qasim Khan, Mohammad Ismail, Iqbal Haider, Inam Ul Haq, Sidra Noor
PURPOSE: Prolonged QT interval may lead to a lethal form of arrhythmia, torsades de pointes (TdP), which is associated with cardiovascular mortality. Therefore, we aimed to identify prevalence of QT interval prolongation, compare clinical characteristics of patients with normal and prolonged QT interval, and identify predictors of QT interval prolongation. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in cardiology wards of two teaching hospitals in Pakistan...
August 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802366/formula-for-the-prediction-of-apnea-hypopnea-index-in-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-without-polysomnography-according-to-the-clinical-parameters-is-it-reliable
#13
Zlatko Kljajić, Željka Roje, Kristijan Bečić, Vesna Čapkun, K Vilović, Petar Ivanišević, Eugenija Marušić
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to propose "the risk formula" for obstructive sleep apnea in children according to the general and local clinical parameters and findings relevant for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity. The unmet need for this formula arises from the economic burden of polysomnography (device, staff, training, special sleep centers, etc) as the golden standard for the diagnostics. MATERIALS AND METHODS USED: The study was performed from January 2013 until January 2016 in the Sleep Center, Department for Neuroscience, School of Medicine of the University of Split, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Split, Croatia and ENT Dept...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801603/identifying-the-tilt-angle-and-correcting-the-orbital-angular-momentum-spectrum-dispersion-of-misaligned-light-beam
#14
Peng Zhao, Shikang Li, Yu Wang, Xue Feng, Cui Kaiyu, Liu Fang, Wei Zhang, Yidong Huang
The axis tilt of light beam in optical system would introduce the dispersion of orbital angular momentum (OAM) spectrum. To deal with it, a two-step method is proposed and demonstrated. First, the tilt angle of optical axis is identified with a deduced relation between the tilt angle and the variation of OAM topological charges with different reference axes, which is obtained with the help of a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. In our experiments, the precision of measured tilt angle is about 10(-4) rad with topological charges of -3~3...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801556/collective-modes-in-simple-melts-transition-from-soft-spheres-to-the-hard-sphere-limit
#15
Sergey Khrapak, Boris Klumov, Lénaïc Couëdel
We study collective modes in a classical system of particles with repulsive inverse-power-law (IPL) interactions in the fluid phase, near the fluid-solid coexistence (IPL melts). The IPL exponent is varied from n = 10 to n = 100 to mimic the transition from moderately soft to hard-sphere-like interactions. We compare the longitudinal dispersion relations obtained using molecular dynamic (MD) simulations with those calculated using the quasi-crystalline approximation (QCA) and find that this simple theoretical approach becomes grossly inaccurate for [Formula: see text]...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799381/chemical-potential-of-a-test-hard-sphere-of-variable-size-in-a-hard-sphere-fluid
#16
David M Heyes, Andrés Santos
The Labík and Smith Monte Carlo simulation technique to implement the Widom particle insertion method is applied using Molecular Dynamics (MD) instead to calculate numerically the insertion probability, P0(η,σ0), of tracer hard-sphere (HS) particles of different diameters, σ0, in a host HS fluid of diameter σ and packing fraction, η, up to 0.5. It is shown analytically that the only polynomial representation of -ln⁡P0(η,σ0) consistent with the limits σ0→0 and σ0→∞ has necessarily a cubic form, c0(η)+c1(η)σ0/σ+c2(η)(σ0/σ)(2)+c3(η)(σ0/σ)(3)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799304/comparison-of-two-creatinine-based-equations-for-routine-estimation-of-gfr-in-a-speciality-clinic-for-diabetes
#17
Satyavani Kumpatla, Anju Soni, Vijay Viswanathan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bias, absolute bias, precision and accuracies between the equations, viz., CKD-EPI (Scr), CKD-EPI (Scys) and MDRD in Indian patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: 198 patients who underwent 24 h urinary collection for assessing kidney function between November 2014-January 2015 were included. Cohen's κ coefficient, Bland-Altman plot were calculated between estimated kidney function equations, and bias, precision, accuracies was calculated between the formulae...
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799261/serum-osmolarity-in-male-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-manic-episode
#18
Tevfik Kalelioglu, Nesrin Karamustafalioglu, Abdullah Genc, Murat Kocabiyik
Imbalance of water and electrolyte homeostasis has been suggested to be associated with the acute episodes of bipolar disorder. In this study we aimed to investigate, for the first time, the serum osmolarity in bipolar disorder manic episode. A total of 68 bipolar inpatients in manic episode and 60 age-gender matched healthy controls were included in the study. Serum osmolarity was calculated from Sodium (Na(+) ), glucose and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) according to formula of (2 × Na(+) ) + (BUN/2.8) + (Glucose/18)...
August 10, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798385/evidence-of-robust-2d-transport-and-efros-shklovskii-variable-range-hopping-in-disordered-topological-insulator-bi2se3-nanowires
#19
Biplab Bhattacharyya, Alka Sharma, Bhavesh Sinha, Kunjal Shah, Suhas Jejurikar, T D Senguttuvan, Sudhir Husale
We report the experimental observation of variable range hopping conduction in focused-ion-beam (FIB) fabricated ultra-narrow nanowires of topological insulator (Bi2Se3). The value of the exponent (d + 1)(-1) in the hopping equation was extracted as [Formula: see text]for different widths of nanowires, which is the proof of the presence of Efros-Shklovskii hopping transport mechanism in a strongly disordered system. High localization lengths (0.5 nm, 20 nm) were calculated for the devices. A careful analysis of the temperature dependent fluctuations present in the magnetoresistance curves, using the standard Universal Conductance Fluctuation theory, indicates the presence of 2D topological surface states...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797926/accurate-determination-of-chemical-shift-tensor-orientations-of-single-crystals-by-solid-state-magic-angle-spinning-nmr
#20
Yamini S Avadhut, Johannes Weber, Jörn Schmedt Auf der Günne
An improved implementation of single-crystal magic-angle-spinning (MAS) NMR is presented which gives access to chemical shift tensors both in orientation (relative to the crystal axis system) and principal axis values. For mounting arbitrary crystals inside ordinary MAS rotors, a mounting tool is described which allows to relate the crystal orientation determined by diffraction techniques to the rotor coordinate system. The crystal is finally mounted into a MAS rotor equipped with a special insert which allows a defined reorientation of the single-crystal by 90°...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
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