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Fluid and electrolye

C A Douglas
Over the past three decades there has been a dramatic rise in the number of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease. The fastest expanding group receiving dialysis has been the elderly. However, for those patients who are very elderly with co-morbidity, dialysis may not offer a survival advantage. Therefore, active conservative management is a growing service offered by many renal units in the UK and focuses on non-dialytic correction of fluid and electrolyes, management of renal anaemia, and assessment and management of symptoms...
2014: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
A W Cowley, T E Lohmeier
Extracellular fluid volume, plasma electrolyes, and plasma angiotensin II (A II) were individually controlled to determine their influence on the acute pressor responsiveness to A II. Hemodialysis of nephrectomized dogs was used to simulate and control the changes of major variables which occur in the intact state during changes in sodium balance. A II dose-pressure response curves were determined in 11 dogs at three volume states with plasma [Na+] maintained constant and in five dogs at low, normal, and high plasma [Na+] with body fluid volume maintained constant...
April 1978: Circulation Research
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