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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750969/tissue-distribution-and-biochemical-characteristics-of-receptors-for-sinus-gland-peptide-vii-as-a-crustacean-hyperglycemic-hormone-and-vitellogenesis-inhibiting-hormone-of-the-kuruma-prawn-marsupenaeus-japonicus
#1
Chiaki Nagai-Okatani, Shinji Nagata, Hiromichi Nagasawa
Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) and vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH) belong to the CHH family, a neuropeptide superfamily conserved in ecdysozoans. To date, no receptor for the CHH family peptides has been identified in crustaceans. Here, we used a CHH family isoform, Mj-sinus gland peptide (SGP) -VII, as a representative of CHH and VIH in order to determine its target tissues and obtain biochemical information regarding its receptor in the kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus (Crustacea, Decapoda)...
May 8, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705226/contralateral-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-iliac-vein-stent-placement-in-patients-with-may-thurner-syndrome
#2
Trong Binh Le, Taeg Ki Lee, Keun-Myoung Park, Yong Sun Jeon, Kee Chun Hong, Soon Gu Cho
PURPOSE: To investigate the incidence and potential causes of contralateral deep vein thrombosis (DVT) after common iliac vein (CIV) stent placement in patients with May-Thurner syndrome (MTS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 111 patients (women: 73%) who had CIV stent implantation for symptomatic MTS at a single center were retrospectively analyzed. Mean patient age was 63.1 ± 15.2 years. Median follow-up was 36 months (range, 1-142 months). Stent location was determined by venogram and classified as extended to the inferior vena cava (IVC), covered the confluence, or confined to the iliac vein...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590153/mechanisms-for-type-ii-vitellogenesis-inhibiting-hormone-suppression-of-vitellogenin-transcription-in-shrimp-hepatopancreas-crosstalk-of-gc-cgmp-pathway-with-different-mapk-dependent-cascades
#3
Ting Chen, Chunhua Ren, Xiao Jiang, Lvping Zhang, Hongmei Li, Wen Huang, Chaoqun Hu
Vitellogenesis is the process of yolk formation via accumulating vitellin (Vn) with nutrients in the oocytes. Expression of vitellogenin (Vg), the precursor of Vn, is one of the indicators for the start of vitellogenesis. In Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei), the type-II vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH-2) effectively suppresses hepatopancreatic Vg mRNA expression. In this study, we demonstrate the increasing transcript levels of hepatopancreatic Vg during L. vannamei ovarian development, suggesting that the hepatopancreas-derived Vg/Vn may also contribute to vitellogenesis in this species...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450631/preoperative-combination-of-progressive-pneumoperitoneum-and-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-patients-with-loss-of-domain-hernia
#4
José Bueno-Lledó, Antonio Torregrosa, Raquel Jiménez, Providencia García Pastor
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative progressive pneumoperitoneum (PPP) and botulinum toxin type A (BT) are tools in the surgical preparation of patients with loss of domain hernias (LODH). The aim of this paper is to report our experience with these preoperative techniques in 70 patients with LODH. METHODS: Observational study of 70 consecutive patients with LODH was conducted between May 2010 and May 2016. Diameters of the hernia sac, incisional hernia (VIH), and abdominal cavity (VAC) volumes, and VIH/VAC ratio were measured before and after PPP and BT, using abdominal CT scan data...
February 15, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274708/n-o-354-lignes-directrices-canadiennes-en-mati%C3%A3-re-de-planification-de-la-grossesse-en-pr%C3%A3-sence-du-vih
#5
Mona Loutfy, V Logan Kennedy, Vanessa Poliquin, Frederick Dzineku, Nicola L Dean, Shari Margolese, Alison Symington, Deborah M Money, Scot Hamilton, Tracey Conway, Sarah Khan, Mark H Yudin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177382/-high-frequency-of-dyslipidemia-in-vih-infected-patients-in-aa-peruvian-public-hospital
#6
Paola L Rondan, Oscar Flores-Flores, Nicole A Doria, Gustavo Valencia-Mesias, Víctor Chávez-Pérez, Jaime Soria
The objective of the study was to determine the frequency and characteristics of dyslipidemia in patients with HIV in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a Peruvian public hospital. A cross-sectional study was carried out in patients with complete lipid profile after receiving at least six months of HAART. Dyslipidemia was defined according to the criteria of the NCEP-ATP III. We reviewed 2 975 clinical histories, and included 538 (18.1%) in the analysis. The frequency of dyslipidemia was 74.7%...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160506/treatment-adherence-in-patients-living-with-hiv-aids-assisted-at-a-specialized-facility-in-brazil
#7
Simone Miyada, Artênio José Ísper Garbin, Renata Colturato Joaquim Gatto, Cléa Adas Saliba Garbin
INTRODUCTION: In the 1990s, Brazil adopted a public policy that allowed for universal, free access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). Since then, treatment adherence has become a new challenge for administrators of sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) policies. This study quantified adherence to ART and verified whether there is an association between sociodemographic variables and clinical/laboratory data in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099110/cognitive-impairment-among-older-adults-living-with-hiv-aids-and-frailty
#8
REVIEW
Alfonso Zamudio-Rodríguez, Sara Aguilar-Navarro, José Alberto Avila-Funes
In 2014, 17% of newly diagnosed HIV infection cases in the United States were made in people over 50 years of age; actually, it is expected that in the near future this population group will be the most affected. This epidemiological change can be explained by the increased incidence of HIV infection in people over 50 years, but also by its higher prevalence due to treatment advances. As HIV infection has become a chronic one, new challenges have emerged. For instance, early-onset "geriatric syndromes," such as frailty, have been recognized in these patients...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092761/targeted-hiv-screening-in-eight-emergency-departments-the-dici-vih-cluster-randomized-two-period-crossover-trial
#9
Judith Leblanc, Gilles Hejblum, Dominique Costagliola, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, France Lert, Pierre de Truchis, Geert Verbeke, Alexandra Rousseau, Hélène Piquet, François Simon, Dominique Pateron, Tabassome Simon, Anne-Claude Crémieux
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study compares the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of nurse-driven targeted HIV screening alongside physician-directed diagnostic testing (intervention strategy) with diagnostic testing alone (control strategy) in 8 emergency departments. METHODS: In this cluster-randomized, 2-period, crossover trial, 18- to 64-year-old patients presenting for reasons other than potential exposure to HIV were included. The strategy applied first was randomly assigned...
October 30, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037769/activation-of-respiratory-muscles-during-respiratory-muscle-training
#10
Stephan Walterspacher, Fabian Pietsch, David Johannes Walker, Kai Röcker, Hans-Joachim Kabitz
It is unknown which respiratory muscles are mainly activated by respiratory muscle training. This study evaluated Inspiratory Pressure Threshold Loading (IPTL), Inspiratory Flow Resistive Loading (IFRL) and Voluntary Isocapnic Hyperpnea (VIH) with regard to electromyographic (EMG) activation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM), parasternal muscles (PARA) and the diaphragm (DIA) in randomized order. Surface EMG were analyzed at the end of each training session and normalized using the peak EMG recorded during maximum inspiratory maneuvers (Sniff nasal pressure: SnPna, maximal inspiratory mouth occlusion pressure: PImax)...
January 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021643/cryptococcal-cerebellitis-in-no-vih-patient
#11
Fabricio Andres Lasso, Tomas Omar Zamora Bastidas, Jorge Andrés Potosí García, Bairon Díaz Idrobo
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcosis is an opportunistic fungal infection whose etiology is Cryptococcus neofromans / C. gattii, complex which affects immunocompromised patients mainly. Meningeal infection is one of the most common presentations, but cerebellar affection is rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: Male patient with 65 old years, from an area of subtropical climate with chronic exposure to poultry, without pathological antecedents, who presented clinical picture consistent with headache, fever, seizures and altered mental status...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935584/vih-from-the-mud-crab-is-specifically-expressed-in-the-eyestalk-and-potentially-regulated-by-transactivator-of-sox9-oct4-oct1
#12
Chunyun Liu, Xiwei Jia, Zhihua Zou, Xiaowei Wang, Yilei Wang, Ziping Zhang
Vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH) is known to regulate ovarian maturation by suppressing the synthesis of vitellogenin (Vtg) in crustaceans, which belongs to a member of crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) family synthesized and secreted from the X-organ/sinus gland complex of eyestalks. In this study, the cDNA, genomic DNA (gDNA) and the 5'-upstream regulatory (promoter region) sequences of VIH gene were obtained by conventional PCR, genome walker and tail-PCR techniques according to our transcriptomic database of Scylla paramamosain...
January 1, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923639/laparoscopic-repair-of-incisional-hernia-following-liver-transplantation-early-experience-of-a-single-institution-in-taiwan
#13
S-C Kuo, C-C Lin, A Elsarawy, Y-H Lin, S-H Wang, Y-J Wu, C-L Chen
BACKGROUND: Ventral incisional hernia (VIH) is not uncommon following liver transplantation. Open repair was traditionally adopted for its management. Laparoscopic repair of VIH has been performed successfully in nontransplant patients with evidence of reduced recurrence rates and hospital stay. However, the application of VIH in post-transplantation patients has not been well established. Herein, we provide our initial experience with laparoscopic repair of post-transplantation VIH. METHODS: From March 2015 to March 2016, 18 cases of post-transplantation VIH were subjected to laparoscopic repair (laparoscopy group)...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730275/comparative-analysis-of-open-and-robotic-transversus-abdominis-release-for-ventral-hernia-repair
#14
James G Bittner, Sameer Alrefai, Michelle Vy, Micah Mabe, Paul A R Del Prado, Natasha L Clingempeel
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis release (TAR) is a safe, effective strategy to repair complex ventral incisional hernia (VIH); however, open TAR (o-TAR) often necessitates prolonged hospitalization. Robot-assisted TAR (r-TAR) may benefit short-term outcomes and shorten convalescence. This study compares 90-day outcomes of o-TAR and r-TAR for VIH repair. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective review of patients who underwent o-TAR or r-TAR for VIH from 2015 to 2016 was conducted...
February 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726148/first-human-use-of-hybrid-synthetic-biologic-mesh-in-ventral-hernia-repair-a-multicenter-trial
#15
James G Bittner, Kevin El-Hayek, Andrew T Strong, Melissa Phillips LaPinska, Jin S Yoo, Eric M Pauli, Matthew Kroh
BACKGROUND: Mesh options for reinforcement of ventral/incisional hernia (VIH) repair include synthetic or biologic materials. While each material has known advantages and disadvantages, little is understood about outcomes when these materials are used in combination. This multicenter study reports on the first human use of a novel synthetic/biologic hybrid mesh (Zenapro® Hybrid Hernia Repair Device) for VIH repair. METHODS: This prospective, multicenter post-market clinical trial enrolled consecutive adults who underwent elective VIH repair with hybrid mesh placed in the intraperitoneal or retromuscular/preperitoneal position...
March 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666370/assessment-of-hiv-screening-tests-for-use-in-preexposure-prophylaxis-programs
#16
Constance Delaugerre, Guillemette Antoni, Nadia Mahjoub, Gilles Pialoux, Eric Cua, Armelle Pasquet, Nolwenn Hall, Cécile Tremblay, Laurent Cotte, Catherine Capitant, Marie-Laure Chaix, Laurence Meyer, Jean-Michel Molina
Preexposure prophylaxis programs involve frequent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing. We evaluated the sensitivity of 2 antigen/antibody immunoassays (Architect and Bioplex), 2 antibody-based rapid tests (Vikia-HIV-1/2 and Autotest-VIH), and 1 antigen/antibody rapid test (Alere HIV Combo) for the diagnosis of HIV infection. Among the 31 HIV-1-infected participants in the ANRS-IPERGAY trial, HIV-1 RNA was detected alone in only 2. The sensitivities of the Architect and Bioplex assays were 83% (95% confidence interval [CI], 76%-99%) and 82% (95% CI, 63%-94%), respectively...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562743/reproductive-aspects-and-knowledge-of-family-planning-among-women-with-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome
#17
Ivana Cristina Vieira de Lima, Maria da Conceição Dos Santos Oliveira Cunha, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reproductive aspects and knowledge of family planning among women with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). METHOD: Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out from January to December, 2015, in the outpatient care of infectious disease unit in a hospital located in Fortaleza, Ceará. Data were collected through a form applied by interview in a private setting. RESULTS: 102 women participated in the study...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554782/external-validation-of-the-herniascore-an-observational-study
#18
Deepa V Cherla, Maya L Moses, Krislynn M Mueck, Craig Hannon, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao, Mike K Liang
BACKGROUND: The HERNIAscore is a ventral incisional hernia (VIH) risk assessment tool that uses only preoperative variables and predictable intraoperative variables. The aim of this study was to validate and modify, if needed, the HERNIAscore in an external dataset. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective observational study of all patients undergoing resection for gastrointestinal malignancy from 2011 through 2015 at a safety-net hospital. The primary end point was clinical postoperative VIH...
September 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501395/-acceptability-and-feasibility-among-primary-care-doctors-of-the-opportunistic-search-for-hiv-in-health-care-centers-in-spain
#19
Rafael Carlos Puentes Torres, Cristina Aguado Taberné, Luis Ángel Pérula de Torres, José Espejo Espejo, Cristina Castro Fernández, Luis Fransi Galiana
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of the opportunistic search of HIV according to primary care doctors' experience. To set up the profile of the physician involved in this study. DESIGN: Observational, transversal study. LOCATION: Primary Care Centers of the National Health System. PARTICIPANTS: General practitioners and residents who participated in VIH-AP study to measure the acceptability of HIV opportunistic search by patients...
December 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492391/hepatitis-c-virus-drives-increased-type-i-interferon-associated-impairments-associated-with-fibrosis-severity-in-antiretroviral-treatment-treated-hiv-1-hepatitis-c-virus-coinfected-individuals
#20
Morgane Griesbeck, Marc-Antoine Valantin, Karine Lacombe, Assia Samri-Hassimi, Julie Bottero, Catherine Blanc, Zineb Sbihi, Rima Zoorob, Christine Katlama, Marguerite Guiguet, Marcus Altfeld, Brigitte Autran
BACKGROUND: Viral coinfections might contribute to the increased immune activation and inflammation that persist in antiretroviral treatment (ART)-treated HIV-1 patients. We investigated whether the hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection contributes to such alterations by impairing the plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) IFNα/TLR7 pathway in a highly homogeneous group of ART-treated HIV-1-HCV-coinfected patients. METHODS: Twenty-nine HIV-1-infected patients with fully suppressive ART were included, 15 of whom being HCV-coinfected with mild-to-moderate fibrosis and matched for their HIV-1 disease, and 13 control healthy donors...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
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