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Wendel Mombaque Dos Santos, Silvia Regina Secoli, Stela Maris de Mello Padoin
Objective: to investigate potential drug-drug interactions (PDDI) in patients with HIV infection on antiretroviral therapy. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted on 161 adults with HIV infection. Clinical, socio demographic, and antiretroviral treatment data were collected. To analyze the potential drug interactions, we used the software Micromedex(r). Statistical analysis was performed by binary logistic regression, with a p-value of ≤0.05 considered statistically significant...
November 21, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Rebeccah B Baucom, Jenny Ousley, Gloria B Beveridge, Sharon E Phillips, Richard A Pierce, Michael D Holzman, Kenneth W Sharp, William H Nealon, Benjamin K Poulose
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivorship focuses largely on improving quality of life. We aimed to determine the rate of ventral incisional hernia (VIH) formation after cancer resection, with implications for survivorship. METHODS: Patients without prior VIH who underwent abdominal malignancy resections at a tertiary center were followed up to 2 years. Patients with a viewable preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan and CT within 2 years postoperatively were included...
October 14, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Carolina Dagli-Hernandez, Rosa Camila Lucchetta, Tales Rubens de Nadai, José Carlos Fernandez Galduróz, Patricia de Carvalho Mastroianni
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate which indirect method for assessing adherence best reflects highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) effectiveness and the factors related to adherence. METHOD: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed in 2012 at a reference center of the state of São Paulo. Self-report (simplified medication adherence questionnaire [SMAQ]) and drug refill parameters were compared to the viral load (clinical parameter of the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy [EP]) to evaluate the EP...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
P Feuillet, F Lert, L Tron, C Aubriere, B Spire, R Dray-Spira
OBJECTIVES: Depression is common among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) and is associated with poorer therapeutic outcomes and risky behaviours. We sought to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episode (MDE) across PLWHIV groups, to compare this with its prevalence in the general population and to assess factors associated with it. METHODS: We used data from the Agence Nationale de Recherche sur le Sida et les Hépatites Virales (ANRS)-Vespa2 study, a national study on a representative sample of PLWHIV conducted in France in 2011...
September 14, 2016: HIV Medicine
Igor Vázquez-Osorio, Sara García-Rodiño, Marta Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Labandeira, José Manuel Suárez-Peñaranda, MDolores Sánchez-Aguilar, Hugo Vázquez-Veiga
La criptococosis cutánea es una micosis propia de pacientes inmunodeprimidos, sobre todo aquellos con infección por el virusde la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Sin embargo, existen casos infrecuentes de criptococosis cutánea en pacientes inmunocompetentes, que suelen simular otras dermatosis, lo que retrasa su diagnóstico y tratamiento. Presentamos el caso de un varón pluripatológico de 79 años, con úlceras dolorosas en dorso de mano derecha que no respondían a tratamientos tópicos. A través del estudio histopatológico y micológico se alcanzó el diagnóstico de criptococosis cutánea primaria, lográndose la remisión de las lesiones tras 6 meses de tratamiento con fluconazol...
May 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
Yesica Yolanda Rangel Flores
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the influence of sexual violence on the perception and management of the risk of HIV in women married to migrants. METHODS: study with an ethnographic approach carried out in urban and rural communities. Data were obtained by methodological triangulation, with participant and non-participant observation, as well as interviews. The informants were 21 women married to international migrants. The interviews were transcribed and discourse analysis was applied to them...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
A Franco-Sansaloni, J Vizcaíno-Torres, J Gaona-Morales, D Estellés-Morant, J Antonio-Serrano
BACKGROUND: In the last years has been an increase in cases of tu- berculosis, representing a global health problem that is also reflected in an increased of cases in pregnant population. Especially in developed countries has been observed a direct relation with VIH patients,and groups of immigrants from countries where the infection is endemic. Tuberculous disease during pregnancy presents good outcome if it is diagnosed and treated properly. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a romanian patient with uncon- trolled 23 weeks gestation that enters with the suspicion of chorioam- nionitis and after late septic miscarriage and clinical sepsis criteria, leaks out of the hospital reentering with signs of neurologic involvement and pelviperitonitis as a result of genital tuberculous...
May 2016: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Sónia Dias, Ana Gama, Marta Pingarilho, Daniel Simões, Luís Mendão
: This cross-sectional bio-behavioral survey conducted with 853 female sex workers (FSW) aimed to examine differences in use of HIV health services, testing and prevalence among migrant and national FSW. A quarter of undocumented FSW had never used National Health Service (NHS) and 15 % never tested for HIV, significantly more than nationals (p < 0.001 and p = 0.024, respectively). HIV infection was self-reported by 11.9 % of nationals, 1.8 % of documented and 0.8 % of undocumented migrants (p < 0...
July 30, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Ivan Balán, Timothy Frasca, Mobolaji Ibitoye, Curtis Dolezal, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
: Self-testing has untapped potential as a strategy to improve access to HIV testing and to increase testing frequency. User acceptability of self-administered oral swab HIV tests is consistently high in both hypothetical and actual-use studies. We explored preferences for oral versus fingerprick HIV self-tests among men who have sex with men with a high risk profile. Participants indicated greater likelihood of using an oral swab over a blood-based test, notwithstanding lower price or quicker results from the latter...
July 20, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Geneviève Rouleau, Lauralie Richard, José Côté
The use of information and communication technologies for designing web-based nursing interventions is growing exponentially. Despite the interest devoted to such approaches, little is known about their foundational principles and the way they translate into virtual nursing practice to generate meaningful engagement with patients. VIH-TAVIE<sup>TM</sup> is a virtual nursing intervention aiming to empower people living with HIV to help them in managing their antiretroviral therapy. Here we present VIH-TAVIE<sup>TM</sup> relational model of engagement - its core components informed by interview data with patients and a virtual nurse: building a virtual presence founded on caring relational principles and values; creating a caring environment where patients feel safe, supported and respected; stimulating patients' engagement by offering supportive and tailored messages; transposing nursing communication skills into a virtual practice to build trust and reciprocal relationships...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Lisette P Irarrázabal, Lilian Ferrer, Natalia Villegas, Sebastián Sanhueza, Yerko Molina, Rosina Cianelli
INTRODUCTION: Women represent 15% of the people living with HIV in Chile. Risk behaviors for HIV are: multiple partners, unsafe sex, and exchange of sex for drugs/money. METHODOLOGY: A correlational design was used. A sample of 203 women who were sexually active and consumed substances within the last 3-months were selected for this study. RESULTS: The average age of the participants was 32.4 years (SD = 9.2) and 68.1% were housewives. The substance most commonly used was alcohol (95...
June 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Natalia Villegas, Rosina Cianelli, Daniel Santisteban, Loreto Lara, Jessica Vargas
The aim of this descriptive cross-sectional study was to investigate the following factors associated with sexually transmitted infections and human immunodeficiency virus prevention: (a) knowledge, (b) attitudes, (c) self-efficacy, (d) vulnerability, (e) risky behaviors, (f) preventive behaviors, and (g) internet use among 40 Chilean women between 18 and 24 years who participated in the pilot of an Internet based STI/HIV prevention intervention (I-STIPI). A structured questionnaire available in a secure website was used for data collection and it included questions related to STI and HIV prevention...
March 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
Delesa Damena, Alice Fusaro, Melaku Sombo, Redeat Belaineh, Alireza Heidari, Abera Kebede, Menbere Kidane, Hassen Chaka
Newcastle disease (ND), caused by virulent avian paramyxovirus type 1, is one of the most important diseases responsible for devastating outbreaks in poultry flocks in Ethiopia. However, the information about genetic characteristics of the Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) circulating in commercial chickens and wild birds is scarce. In this study, we characterized isolates obtained from ND suspected outbreaks during 2012-2014 from poultry farms (n = 8) and wild pigeons (n = 4). The NDVs isolated from pathological specimens, through inoculation in embryonated chicken eggs, were characterized biologically by conventional intracerebral pathogenicity indices (ICPI), and genetically on the basis of Phylogenic analysis of partial F-gene sequences (260 bp) encompassing the cleavage site...
2016: SpringerPlus
S Schaffellner, M Sereinigg, D Wagner, E Jakoby, D Kniepeiss, P Stiegler, J Haybäck, H Müller
BACKGROUND: Hernias after orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) occur in about 30 % of cases. Predisposing factors in liver cirrhotic patients of cases are ascites, low abdominal muscle mass and cachexia before and immunosuppression after OLT. Standard operative transplant-technique even in small hernias is to implant a mesh. For patients after liver transplantation a porcine non-cross linked biological patch being less immunogenic than synthetic and cross-linked meshes is chosen for ventral incisional hernia repair...
May 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
K K Jensen, M Kjaer, L N Jorgensen
PURPOSE: To determine the reliability of measurements obtained by the Good Strength dynamometer, determining isometric abdominal wall and back muscle strength in patients with ventral incisional hernia (VIH) and healthy volunteers with an intact abdominal wall. METHODS: Ten patients with VIH and ten healthy volunteers with an intact abdominal wall were each examined twice with a 1 week interval. Examination included the assessment of truncal flexion and extension as measured with the Good Strength dynamometer, the completion of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the self-assessment of truncal strength on a visual analogue scale (SATS)...
May 12, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
Fernanda Bissigo Pereira, Fernanda Miraglia, Caroline Barbosa Schmitz, Carmem Lúcia Oliveira da Silva, Alexandre Ramos Lazzarotto
Objetivo: identificar la ingestión alimentaria de macro y micronutrientes en adolescentes viviendo con VIH/sida que usan terapia anti-retroviral y compararlos a las Dietary Reference Intakes.Metodología: estudio transversal realizado con adolescentes de ambos sexos con VIH/sida, en el que se evaluó la composición dietética de macro y micronutrientes a través del recordatorio alimentario de 24h.Resultados: 39 adolescentes con una edad promedio de 15 años, un 51,3% del sexo masculino. Los participantes consumieron menos calorías totales en la dieta, fibra total (g/d), vitaminas liposolubles (A, D, E, K), vitamina B5 (mg/d), vitamina B9 (mg/d), vitamina C (mg/d), calcio (mg/d), fósforo (mg/d), potasio (mg/d) y magnesio (mg/d) que lo recomendado...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Wencheng Kong, Jian Wang, Qi Mao, Lele Ren, Shaoyi Zhang, Danhua Yao, Mingxiao Guo, Yousheng Li
Prosthetic mesh used for ventral incisional hernia makes hernia repair surgery simple, effective, and safe. The mesh infection is a formidable complication and bimodal distribution. The differences between early- and late-onset are unknown. This is a cohort study of patients undergoing ventral incisional hernia (VIH) repair from January 2003 to September 2013. Data of specific risk variables were collected from electronic medical record systems in Jinling Hospital. And, the quality of lives was evaluated by WHO Quality of Life-BREF...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
C Gay-Escoda, D Pérez-Álvarez, O Camps-Font, R Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: The existing information on oral rehabilitations with dental implants in VIH-positive patients is scarce and of poor quality. Moreover, no long-term follow-up studies are available. Hence, the aims of this study were to describe the long-term survival and success rates of dental implants in a group of HIV-positive patients and to identify the most common postoperative complications, including peri-implant diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of HIV-positive subjects treated with dental implants at the School of Dentistry of the University of Barcelona (Spain) was studied...
2016: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Nicholas Van Wagoner, Latesha Elopre, Andrew O Westfall, Michael J Mugavero, Janet Turan, Edward W Hook
UNLABELLED: The Southeast has high rates of church attendance and HIV infection rates. We evaluated the relationship between church attendance and HIV viremia in a Southeastern US, HIV-infected cohort. Viremia (viral load ≥200 copies/ml) was analyzed 12 months after initiation of care. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were fit for variables potentially related to viremia. Of 382 patients, 74 % were virally suppressed at 12 months. Protective variables included church attendance (AOR 0...
August 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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