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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210882/prostate-cancer-screening-decision-making-in-three-states-2013-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-analysis
#1
Jun Li, Ingrid J Hall, Guixiang Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Given the discordant prostate cancer screening recommendations in the United States, shared decision-making (SDM) has become increasingly important. The objectives of this study were to determine who made the final decision to obtain prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening and identify factors associated with the screening decision made by both patients and their health care providers. METHODS: Using the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from Delaware, Hawaii, and Massachusetts, we calculated weighted percentages of SDM...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195935/allometric-grip-strength-norms-for-children-of-hawaiian-lineage
#2
Morgan H Kocher, Rebecca K Romine, Christopher D Stickley, Charles F Morgan, Portia B Resnick, Ronald K Hetzler
PURPOSE: To determine allometric exponents for scaling grip strength in children that effectively control for body mass and height and develop normative grip strength data for Hawaiian children. METHODS: 1,437 students (754 boys) from a rural community in Hawaii participated in this 5-year study, resulting in 2,567 data points. Handgrip strength, body mass (BM), stature (Ht) were collected every year. Multiple log-linear regression was used to determine allometric exponents for BM and Ht...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190452/changes-in-the-incidence-of-skin-and-lip-cancer-between-1978-and-2007
#3
E Martín García, S Arias-Santiago, S Serrano-Ortega, A Buendía-Eisman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze trends in the incidence of skin cancer worldwide, in Europe, and in Spain between 1978 and 2007. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Skin cancer incidence and trends for the period 1978 to 2007 were investigated using the age- and sex-standardized rates (per 100,000 population) published in the Cancer Incidence in Five Continents series. RESULTS: The incidence of cutaneous melanoma increased progressively from 1978 to 2002 but decreased in the last period analyzed (2003-2007)...
February 9, 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187655/-i-digitonthophagus-i-i-gazella-i-auctorum-an-unfortunate-case-of-mistaken-identity-for-a-widely-introduced-species-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-scarabaeinae-onthophagini
#4
François Génier, Adrian L V Davis
At risk of committing entomological heresy, we question the identity of a dung-burying beetle species that originates from Africa and has been introduced first into Hawaii and subsequently to Australasia, North America, and South America (Fincher 1986; Edwards 2007; Noriega et al. 2010) for pasture improvement and biological control of dung-breeding flies (Waterhouse 1974; Bornemissza 1979).  Under the name Onthophagus gazella (Fabricius 1787), it was the first species selected for introduction into Australia by the CSIRO Dung Beetle Project (Bornemissza 1976; Edwards 2007)...
January 19, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182605/assisted-reproductive-technology-surveillance-united-states-2014
#5
Saswati Sunderam, Dmitry M Kissin, Sara B Crawford, Suzanne G Folger, Denise J Jamieson, Lee Warner, Wanda D Barfield
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since the first U.S. infant conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) was born in 1981, both the use of ART and the number of fertility clinics providing ART services have increased steadily in the United States. ART includes fertility treatments in which eggs or embryos are handled in the laboratory (i.e., in vitro fertilization [IVF] and related procedures). Women who undergo ART procedures are more likely than women who conceive naturally to deliver multiple-birth infants...
February 10, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171770/forecasting-state-level-premature-deaths-from-alcohol-drugs-and-suicides-using-google-trends-data
#6
Jason Parker, Courtney Cuthbertson, Scott Loveridge, Mark Skidmore, Will Dyar
BACKGROUND: Vital statistics on the number of, alcohol-induced death (AICD) drug-induced death (DICD), and suicides at the local-level are only available after a substantial lag of up to two years after the events occur. We (1) investigate how well Google Trends search data explain variation in state-level rates in the US, and (2) use this method to forecast these rates of death for 2015 as official data are not yet available. METHODS: We tested the degree to which Google Trends data on 27 terms can be fit to CDC data using L1-regularization on AICD, DICD, and suicide...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170097/a-new-twist-on-old-questions-a-lifespan-approach-to-the-trait-concept
#7
Sarah E Hampson, Grant W Edmonds
OBJECTIVE: We examine three cardinal concerns in personality psychology from a lifespan perspective: trait structure, trait stability, and trait mechanisms that account for the predictive utility of traits. We draw on previously published and new findings from the Hawaii Longitudinal Study of Personality and Health, as well as work by others. METHOD: The Hawaii study provides a unique opportunity to relate a comprehensive assessment of participants' childhood personality traits (over 2,000 children, mean age 10 years) to their adult personality traits and other self-report outcomes in their 40's, 50's and 60's, and their clinically assessed health at mean age 51...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168053/breastfeeding-supports-and-services-in-rural-hawaii-perspectives-of-community-healthcare-workers
#8
Jeanie L Flood
Background. In the state of Hawaii, breastfeeding initiation rates are higher than the national average but fall below target rates for duration. Accessing breastfeeding support services is challenging for mothers living in rural areas of the state. Healthcare workers (HCWs) working with mothers and infants are in a key position to encourage and support breastfeeding efforts. The purpose of this study is to gain a better understanding of a Hawaiian community's (specifically Hilo, Hawai'i) breastfeeding service and support issues...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166539/primordial-helium-entrained-by-the-hottest-mantle-plumes
#9
M G Jackson, J G Konter, T W Becker
Helium isotopes provide an important tool for tracing early-Earth, primordial reservoirs that have survived in the planet's interior. Volcanic hotspot lavas, like those erupted at Hawaii and Iceland, can host rare, high (3)He/(4)He isotopic ratios (up to 50 times the present atmospheric ratio, Ra) compared to the lower (3)He/(4)He ratios identified in mid-ocean-ridge basalts that form by melting the upper mantle (about 8Ra; ref. 5). A long-standing hypothesis maintains that the high-(3)He/(4)He domain resides in the deep mantle, beneath the upper mantle sampled by mid-ocean-ridge basalts, and that buoyantly upwelling plumes from the deep mantle transport high-(3)He/(4)He material to the shallow mantle beneath plume-fed hotspots...
February 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160848/traditional-preparations-of-kava-piper-methysticum-inhibit-the-growth-of-human-colon-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#10
L S Einbond, A Negrin, D M Kulakowski, H-A Wu, V Antonetti, F Jalees, W Law, M Roller, S Redenti, E J Kennelly, M J Balick
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies indicate there is low incidence of colon cancer in the South Pacific islands, including Fiji, West Samoa, and Vanuatu. Cancer incidence has been shown to be inversely associated with kava (Piper methysticum G. Forst.) ingestion. Hypothesis/Purpose: Kava prepared traditionally will inhibit the growth of human cancer cells. This investigation entails preparation and analysis of kava extracts and study of the growth inhibitory activity of the extracts, alone and combined with hibiscus...
January 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152768/improving-care-quality-for-patients-with-soft-tissue-and-bone-sarcoma-by-establishing-a-national-virtual-tumor-board-and-electronic-consultation-platform
#11
Andrew Fang, Maihgan Kavanagh, Brian Kim, Jason D Lee, Craig McCormick, Lee Jae Morse, Subir Nag, Grant Nybbaken, Peter Peng, Corey M Schwartz, Joseph Song, Denah Renee Taggart, Jeanette Cu Yu
: 211 Background: Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are relatively uncommon and their management is extremely complex requiring coordinated multidisciplinary expertise for optimal care. Because Kaiser Permanente operates across many geographic regions in the country, in-person tumor board is not practical. METHODS: The Kaiser Permanente Northern California medical oncology team has developed a system-based virtual tumor board (VTB) and electronic consultation (EC) platform comprised of experts from several key disciplines including musculoskeletal/surgical oncology, musculoskeletal radiology, pathology, radiation oncology, brachytherapy, medical adult and pediatric oncology...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152684/the-kaiser-permanente-breast-cancer-survivorship-national-clinical-algorithm-regional-variation-in-implementation-processes-strategies-within-an-integrated-health-care-system
#12
Erin Elizabeth Hahn, Joanne E Schottinger, Susan E Kutner, Mark B Littlewood
: 104 Background: Kaiser Permanente (KP) is an integrated healthcare system providing comprehensive services to over 10 million members. The KP Interregional Breast Care Leaders, a multidisciplinary clinician group, developed a comprehensive evidence/consensus-based algorithm for breast cancer survivors, the KP Breast Cancer Survivorship National Clinical Algorithm (BCSNCA). The BCSNCA is intended to reduce variation in medical and psychosocial surveillance and improve outcomes by providing guidance to locally implemented survivorship programs, ie, recommendations for surveillance, late effects management, and risk reduction...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135760/landscape-scale-gpp-and-carbon-density-inform-patterns-and-impacts-of-an-invasive-tree-across-wet-forests-of-hawaii
#13
Jomar M Barbosa, Gregory P Asner, R Flint Hughes, M Tracy Johnson
Plant invasion typically occurs within a landscape-scale framework of abiotic and biotic conditions, often resulting in emergent feedbacks among environment, ecosystem functions, and the dominance of invasive species. Understanding the mechanisms underlying successful invasions is an important component of conservation and management efforts, but this has been poorly investigated in a spatially explicit manner. Knowing where and why invasion patterns change throughout the landscape enables managers to use context-specific controls on the spread of invasive species...
October 3, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135119/key-program-findings-and-insights-from-the-baby-friendly-hawaii-project
#14
Sahra A Kahin, Meghan McGurk, Heidi Hansen-Smith, Margaret West, Ruowei Li, Carolyn Lopez Melcher
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the optimal method for infant feeding. In the United States, 81.1% of mothers initiate breastfeeding; however, only 44.4% and 22.3% of mothers are exclusively breastfeeding at 3 and 6 months, respectively. Research aim: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides guidance and funding to state health departments to support strategies to improve breastfeeding policies and practices in the hospital, community, and worksite settings. In 2010, the Hawaii State Department of Health received support from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to launch the Baby-Friendly Hawaii Project (BFHP) to increase the number of Hawaii hospitals that provide maternity care consistent with the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding and increase the rate of women who remain exclusively breastfeeding throughout their hospital stay...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130777/controls-of-nitrogen-cycling-evaluated-along-a-well-characterized-climate-gradient
#15
Christian von Sperber, Oliver A Chadwick, Karen L Casciotti, Kabir G Peay, Christopher A Francis, Amy E Kim, Peter M Vitousek
The supply of nitrogen (N) constrains primary productivity in many ecosystems, raising the question "what controls the availability and cycling of N"? As a step towards answering this question, we evaluated N cycling processes and aspects of their regulation on a climate gradient on Kohala Volcano, Hawaii. The gradient extends from sites receiving <300 mm/yr of rain to those receiving >3000 mm/yr, and the pedology and dynamics of rock-derived nutrients in soils on the gradient are well understood. In particular, there is a soil process domain at intermediate rainfall within which ongoing weathering and biological uplift have enriched total and available pools of rock-derived nutrients substantially; sites at higher rainfall than this domain are acid and infertile as a consequence of depletion of rock-derived nutrients, while sites at lower rainfall are unproductive and subject to wind erosion...
January 28, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125810/insights-from-screening-a-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-population-for-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
Linda L Wong, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Victoria Page, Glen Hayashida, Amy S You, Connie M Rhee
BACKGROUND: The value of chronic kidney disease (CKD) screening in the general population remains unclear but may be beneficial in populations with high disease prevalence. We examined risk factors for albuminuria among participants in a state-wide CKD screening program in Hawaii. METHODS: The National Kidney Foundation of Hawaii Kidney Early Detection Screening (NKFH-KEDS) program held 19 CKD screening events from 2006 to 2012. Participants rotated through 5 stations during which sociodemographic, blood glucose, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), and spot urine albumin data were collected...
January 27, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125068/potential-hybridization-between-two-invasive-termite-species-coptotermes-formosanus-and-c-gestroi-isoptera-rhinotermitidae-and-its-biological-and-economic-implications
#17
REVIEW
Nan-Yao Su, Thomas Chouvenc, Hou-Feng Li
The Asian subterranean termite, Coptotermes gestroi, is a tropical species but has increasingly been collected from the subtropics in recent years, making it sympatric to the Formosan subterranean termite, C. formosanus in at least three areas, Taiwan, Hawaii, and Florida. Simultaneous flights by these two species were observed since 2013 in South Florida, during which interspecies tandems were observed. Laboratory mating of C. formosanus and C. gestroi alates produced hybrid incipient colonies of larger population size...
January 25, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122970/deciphering-the-routes-of-invasion-of-drosophila-suzukii-by-means-of-abc-random-forest
#18
Antoine Fraimout, Vincent Debat, Simon Fellous, Ruth A Hufbauer, Julien Foucaud, Pierre Pudlo, Jean-Michel Marin, Donald K Price, Julien Cattel, Xiao Chen, Marindia Deprá, Pierre François Duyck, Christelle Guedot, Marc Kenis, Masahito T Kimura, Gregory Loeb, Anne Loiseau, Isabel Martinez-Sañudo, Marta Pascual, Maxi Polihronakis Richmond, Peter Shearer, Nadia Singh, Koichiro Tamura, Anne Xuéreb, Jinping Zhang, Arnaud Estoup
Deciphering invasion routes from molecular data is crucial to understanding biological invasions, including identifying bottlenecks in population size and admixture among distinct populations. Here, we unravel the invasion routes of the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii using a multi-locus microsatellite dataset (25 loci on 23 worldwide sampling locations). To do this, we use approximate Bayesian computation (ABC), which has improved the reconstruction of invasion routes, but can be computationally expensive...
January 24, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122193/cetacean-morbillivirus-in-odontocetes-stranded-along-the-central-california-coast-2000-2015
#19
Liliana Serrano, Claire A Simeone, Kathleen M Colegrove, Padraig J Duignan, Tracey Goldstein, Frances M D Gulland
Effects of cetacean morbillivirus (CeMV) on dolphins vary from causing epidemics to subclinical infections. The former have been documented in the North Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea but not in the North Pacific Ocean, and the reasons for this are unknown. To explore the distribution of this virus in areas that have not experienced epidemics, we reviewed evidence for morbilliviral infection in odontocetes stranded along the California coast from 2000-2015. Nine of 212 animals examined histologically had lesions compatible with morbilliviral infection, and 11 were tested for CeMV via reverse transcriptase-PCR...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115497/a-multiplex-pcr-assay-for-differentiating-coconut-rhinoceros-beetle-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-from-oriental-flower-beetle-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-in-early-life-stages-and-excrement
#20
S Watanabe, M J Melzer
The coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros (L.), is a major pest of coconut and other palm trees. An incipient coconut rhinoceros beetle population was recently discovered on the island of Oahu, Hawaii and is currently the target of a large, mutiagency eradication program. Confounding this program is the widespread presence of another scarab beetle on Oahu, the oriental flower beetle, Protaetia orientalis (Gory and Percheron 1833). Eggs, early life stages, and fecal excrement of coconut rhinoceros beetle and oriental flower beetle are morphologically indistinguishable, thereby creating uncertainty when such specimens are discovered in the field...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
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