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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727525/trends-in-prescription-opioids-detected-in-fatally-injured-drivers-in-6-us-states-1995-2015
#1
Stanford Chihuri, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess the time trends in prescription opioids detected in fatally injured drivers. METHODS: We analyzed 1995 to 2015 Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from California, Hawaii, Illinois, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and West Virginia of toxicological tests for drivers fatally injured within 1 hour of a crash (n = 36 729). We used the Cochran-Armitage test for trend to assess the statistical significance of changes in the prevalence of prescription opioids detected in these drivers over time...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725414/snps-across-time-and-space-population-genomic-signatures-of-founder-events-and-epizootics-in-the-house-finch-haemorhous-mexicanus
#2
Allison J Shultz, Allan J Baker, Geoffrey E Hill, Paul M Nolan, Scott V Edwards
Identifying genomic signatures of natural selection can be challenging against a background of demographic changes such as bottlenecks and population expansions. Here, we disentangle the effects of demography from selection in the House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) using samples collected before and after a pathogen-induced selection event. Using ddRADseq, we genotyped over 18,000 SNPs across the genome in native pre-epizootic western US birds, introduced birds from Hawaii and the eastern United States, post-epizootic eastern birds, and western birds sampled across a similar time span...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700322/molecular-epidemiology-of-avian-poxvirus-in-the-oriental-turtle-dove-streptopelia-orientalis-and-the-biting-midge-culicoides-arakawae-in-the-republic-of-korea
#3
Hae Rim Lee, Bon-Sang Koo, Jong-Taek Kim, Heung-Chul Kim, Myung-Soon Kim, Terry A Klein, Man-Seok Shin, Sanghun Lee, Eun-Ok Jeon, Kyung-Cheol Min, Seung Baek Lee, Yeonji Bae, In-Pil Mo
A total of 600 wild birds were analyzed for the causes of mortality in the Republic of Korea (ROK) from 2011 to 2013. Avian poxvirus (APV) infections were identified as the primary cause of mortality in 39% (29/74) Oriental Turtle Doves (Streptopelia orientalis). At necropsy, all 29 S. orientalis birds, of which, 76% (22/29) were juveniles, had severe diphtheritic lesions in their oral and nasal cavities and on their eyelids, which were the lesions of APV that resulted in mortality. We detected APV infection by chorioallantoic membrane inoculation and molecular study of the partial region of the P4b gene...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693036/association-of-coffee-consumption-with-total-and-cause-specific-mortality-among-nonwhite-populations
#4
Song-Yi Park, Neal D Freedman, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
Background: Coffee consumption has been associated with reduced risk for death in prospective cohort studies; however, data in nonwhites are sparse. Objective: To examine the association of coffee consumption with risk for total and cause-specific death. Design: The MEC (Multiethnic Cohort), a prospective population-based cohort study established between 1993 and 1996. Setting: Hawaii and Los Angeles, California. Participants: 185 855 African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites aged 45 to 75 years at recruitment...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686180/assessing-probabilistic-risk-assessment-approaches-for-insect-biological-control-introductions
#5
Leyla V Kaufman, Mark G Wright
The introduction of biological control agents to new environments requires host specificity tests to estimate potential non-target impacts of a prospective agent. Currently, the approach is conservative, and is based on physiological host ranges determined under captive rearing conditions, without consideration for ecological factors that may influence realized host range. We use historical data and current field data from introduced parasitoids that attack an endemic Lepidoptera species in Hawaii to validate a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) procedure for non-target impacts...
July 7, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682115/fish-associated-foodborne-disease-outbreaks-united-states-1998-2015
#6
Kelly A Barrett, Jolene H Nakao, Ethel V Taylor, Carrie Eggers, Lydia Hannah Gould
Each year in the United States, ∼260,000 people get sick from contaminated fish. Fish is also the most commonly implicated food category in outbreaks. We reviewed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System for outbreaks resulting from consumption of fish during the period 1998-2015. We found 857 outbreaks associated with fish, resulting in 4815 illnesses, 359 hospitalizations, and 4 deaths. The median number of illnesses per outbreak was three (range: 2-425)...
July 6, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679256/application-of-dual-frequency-identification-sonar-for-the-study-of-deep-diving-odontocetes-prey-fields
#7
Giacomo Giorli, Whitlow W L Au
A dual frequency identification sonar was used to estimate density and size of potential deep diving odontocetes' prey in deep sea scattering layers in Hawaii. Size distributions data showed a bimodal pattern, with a population of data above the 50 cm of length, possibly big squids, and a population of data below 50 cm, mainly micronekton. The number of animals bigger than 50 cm was correlated with the length of the peak of the frequency distribution. Data suggest that big predators, like squids that constitute prey for beaked, pilot, and sperm whales, are more likely to be found where they have better chance to find micronectonic prey...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653578/potato-virus-y-pvy-isolates-from-physalis-peruviana-are-unable-to-systemically-infect-potato-or-pepper-and-form-a-distinct-new-lineage-within-the-pvy-c-strain-group
#8
Kelsie Green, Mohamad Chikh-Ali, Randall Hamasaki, Michael J Melzer, Alexander Karasev
Poha, or Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) is a plant species cultivated in Hawaii for fresh fruit production. In 2015, an outbreak of virus symptoms occurred on poha farms in the South Kohala District of the island of Hawaii. The plants displayed mosaic, stunting, leaf deformation, and produced poor fruit. Initial testing found the problem associated with Potato virus Y (PVY) infection. Six individual PVY isolates, named Poha1 to Poha6, were collected from field-grown poha plants and subjected to biological and molecular characterization...
June 27, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636451/assessing-hydrogen-peroxide-vapor-exposure-from-hospital-sterilizers
#9
Robert Cornelia, P Richard Warburton
This study examined the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the US and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8 hour time weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short term exposure limit in a couple of states, Washington and Hawaii...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628968/performance-trends-in-age-group-triathletes-in-the-olympic-distance-triathlon-at-the-world-championships-2009-2014
#10
Martin Wonerow, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Performance trends in elite triathletes competing in age group classes have been investigated for Ironman triathlon in ‘Ironman Hawaii’ but not for short distance triathletes competing at international level in events such as the Olympic distance triathlon at the World Championships. The aim of the present study was to evaluate participation and performance trends of age group triathletes competing in the Olympic distance triathlon at the International Triathlon Union (ITU) World Championships 2009-2014...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628601/the-damage-control-surgery-in-austere-environments-research-group-dcsaerg-a-dynamic-program-to-facilitate-real-time-telementoring-telediagnosis-to-address-exsanguination-in-extreme-and-austere-environments
#11
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica L McKee, Paul B McBeth, Chad G Ball, Anthony LaPorta, Timothy Broderick, Tim Leslie, David King, Heather E Wright Beatty, Jocelyn Keillor, Homer Tien
Hemorrhage is the most preventable cause of posttraumatic death. Many cases are potentially anatomically salvageable, yet remain lethal without logistics or trained personnel to deliver diagnosis or resuscitative surgery in austere environments. Revolutions in technology for remote mentoring of ultrasound and surgery may enhance capabilities to utilize the skill sets of non-physicians. Thus, our research collaborative explored remote mentoring to empower non-physicians to address junctional and torso hemorrhage control in austere environments...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621152/racial-disparities-in-health-service-utilization-among-medicare-fee-for-service-beneficiaries-adjusting-for-multiple-chronic-conditions
#12
Krupa Gandhi, Eunjung Lim, James Davis, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial disparities in health services utilization in Hawaii among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years and above. METHOD: All-cause utilization of inpatient, outpatient, emergency, home health agency, and skilled nursing facility admissions were investigated using 2012 Medicare data. For each type of service, multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate racial disparities adjusting for sociodemographic factors and multiple chronic conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618252/epidemiological-trends-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-the-united-states-a%C3%A2-seer-population-study
#13
Moustafa Mourad, Thomas Jetmore, Ameya A Jategaonkar, Sami Moubayed, Erin Moshier, Mark L Urken
PURPOSE: This study represents the most recent epidemiologic trends of head and neck cancer (HNC) in the United States. It provides an important discussion on oropharyngeal cancer and cancers related to the human papillomavirus. The objective was to identify trends in HNC (2002 to 2012) within the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of the US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) submission...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609940/synonymy-of-i-reikosiella-i-yoshimoto-under-i-merostenus-i-walker%C3%A2-hymenoptera-chalcidoidea-eupelmidae-with-a-checklist-of-world-species-and-a-revision-of-those-species-with-brachypterous-females
#14
Gary A P Gibson
Reikosiella Yoshimoto, 1969 is synonymized under Merostenus Walker, 1837 n. syn. and treated as M. (Reikosiella), one of four subgenera recognized in the genus. Hirticauda Bouček, 1988, previously treated as a subgenus of Reikosiella, is synonymized under M. (Merostenus) n. syn., and two subgenera established in Reikosiella by Gibson (1995) are synonymized under Merostenus and treated as the subgenera M. (Capreocauda) and M. (Incohata) n. syns. The new generic synonymy is proposed after morphological comparison of females and males of Merostenus and Reikosiella sensu Gibson (1995), including reanalysis of features possessed by a basal group of genera of Eupelminae whose females share two hypothesized symplesiomorphies-a medially divided mesotrochantinal plate and lack of a mesotibial apical groove...
April 21, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605294/safety-and-long-term-immunological-effects-of-cryj2-lamp-plasmid-vaccine-in-japanese-red-cedar-atopic-subjects-a-phase-i-study
#15
Yan Su, Eliezer Romeu-Bonilla, Athanasia Anagnostou, David Fitz-Patrick, William Hearl, Teri Heiland
Japanese Red Cedar (JRC) pollen induced allergy affects one third of Japanese and the development of effective therapies remains an unachieved challenge. We designed a DNA vaccine encoding CryJ2 allergen from the JRC pollen and Lysosomal Associated Membrane Protein 1 (LAMP-1) to treat JRC allergy. These Phase IA and IB trials assessed safety and immunological effects of the investigational CryJ2-LAMP DNA vaccine in both non-sensitive and sensitive Japanese expatriates living in Honolulu, Hawaii. In the Phase IA trial, 6 JRC non-sensitive subjects and 9 JRC and/or Mountain Cedar (MC) sensitive subjects were given 4 vaccine doses (each 4mg/1ml) intramuscularly (IM) at 14-day intervals...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595450/a-new-malyngamide-from-the-marine-cyanobacterium-moorea-producens
#16
Weina Jiang, Wei Zhou, Raymie Othman, Hajime Uchida, Ryuichi Watanabe, Toshiyuki Suzuki, Bryan Sakamoto, Hiroshi Nagai
A new malyngamide (1) was isolated along with seven known compounds (2-8) from the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens collected in Hawaii. Compound 1 represented the first reported malyngamide with a hydroxy moiety at C-7 of the characteristic fatty acid portion of the compound. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against L1210 cell line at an IC50 value of 2.9 mM and lethal toxicity against the shrimp Palaemon paucidens at a LD100 value of 33.3 mg/kg. The bioactivity of compound 1 was approximately 10-100 times weaker than those of isomalyngamides A and B (3, 4)...
June 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594220/field-reliability-influences-field-validity-risk-assessments-of-individuals-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#17
W Neil Gowensmith, Daniel C Murrie, Marcus T Boccaccini, Brandon J McNichols
Individuals acquitted as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI) are usually committed to psychiatric hospitals for treatment until they are considered suitable for conditional release back to the community. The clinical evaluations that inform conditional release decisions have rarely been studied but provide an ideal opportunity to examine the reliability and validity of complex evaluations in the field. For example, to what extent do forensic evaluators agree about an acquittee's readiness for conditional release? And how accurate are their opinions? We reviewed 175 evaluation reports across 62 cases from Hawaii, which requires 3 separate evaluations from independent clinicians for each felony NGRI acquittee referred for conditional release evaluation...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587241/termite-species-distribution-and-flight-periods-on-oahu-hawaii
#18
Reina L Tong, J Kenneth Grace, Makena Mason, Paul D Krushelnycky, Helen Spafford, Maria Aihara-Sasaki
Termites are economically-important structural pests, costing residents of Hawaii over $100 million annually. On Oahu, the last published termite swarming survey occurred from 1969 to 1971, and the last termite hand-collection survey occurred from 1998 to 2000. To contribute data on termite occurrences on Oahu, a light-trap survey took place from February 2011 to September 2012, and a hand-collection survey occurred from September to November 2012. Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, swarming was compared over the duration of the study, finding peak swarming in May 2011...
June 5, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585278/abstract-proceedings-of-the-2017-annual-meeting-of-the-international-society-for-laboratory-hematology-4-6-may-2017-honolulu-hawaii
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558016/high-mortality-due-to-sepsis-in-native-hawaiians-and-african-americans-the-multiethnic-cohort
#20
Michelle L Matter, Yurii B Shvetsov, Chase Dugay, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Gertraud Maskarinec
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sepsis is a severe systemic response to infection with a high mortality rate. A higher incidence has been reported for older people, in persons with a compromised immune system including cancer patients, and in ethnic minorities. We analyzed sepsis mortality and its predictors by ethnicity in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Among 191,561 white, African American, Native Hawaiian, Japanese American, and Latino cohort members, 49,347 deaths due to all causes and 345 deaths due to sepsis were recorded during follow-up from 1993-96 until 2010...
2017: PloS One
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