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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104659/complete-genome-sequence-of-the-triclosan-and-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-strain-b10w-isolated-from-municipal-wastewater
#1
Chuanqing Zhong, Matthew Nelson, Guangxiang Cao, Michael J Sadowsky, Tao Yan
Here, we report the complete genome sequence of the triclosan- and multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain B10W, obtained from municipal wastewater in Hawaii. The bacterium has a 6.7-Mb genome, contains 6,391 coding sequences and 78 RNAs, with an average G+C content of 66.2 mol%.
January 19, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102648/2016-rural-enrollment-in-health-insurance-marketplaces-by-state
#2
Abigail R Barker, Kelsey A Huntzberry, Timothy D McBride, Leah M Kemper, Keith J Mueller
Purpose. In this brief, cumulative county-level enrollment in Health Insurance Marketplaces (HIMs) through March 2016 is presented for state HIMs operated as Federally Facilitated Marketplaces (FFMs) and for those operated as Federally Supported State-Based Marketplaces (FS-SBMs). Enrollment rates in metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas of each state, defined as the percentage of “potential market” participants selecting plans, are presented. Monitoring annual enrollment rates provides a gauge of how well state outreach and enrollment efforts are proceeding and helps identify states with strong non-metropolitan enrollment as models for other states to emulate...
2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099775/the-population-genomic-signature-of-environmental-association-and-gene-flow-in-an-ecologically-divergent-tree-species-metrosideros-polymorpha-myrtaceae
#3
Ayako Izuno, Kanehiro Kitayama, Yusuke Onoda, Yuki Tsujii, Masaomi Hatakeyama, Atsushi J Nagano, Mie N Honjo, Rie Shimizu-Inatsugi, Hiroshi Kudoh, Kentaro K Shimizu, Yuji Isagi
Genome-wide markers enable us to study genetic differentiation within a species and the factors underlying it at a much higher resolution than before, which advances our understanding of adaptation in organisms. We investigated genomic divergence in Metrosideros polymorpha, a woody species that occupies a wide range of ecological habitats across the Hawaiian Islands and shows remarkable phenotypic variation. Using 1,659 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers annotated with the genome assembly, we examined the population genetic structure and demographic history of nine populations across five elevations and two ages of substrates on Mauna Loa, the island of Hawaii...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099684/a-multistate-population-based-analysis-of-linked-maternal-and-neonatal-discharge-records-to-identify-risk-factors-for-neonatal-brachial-plexus-injury
#4
Michael D Freeman, Shaun M Goodyear, Wendy M Leith
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the interaction and contribution of maternal and fetal risk factors associated with neonatal brachial plexus injury (BPI). METHODS: In a case-control study, matched maternal and neonatal discharge records were accessed from US State Inpatient Databases for New Jersey (2010-2012), Michigan (2010-2011), and Hawaii (2010-2011). Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to evaluate associations between risk factors and BPI. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to build predictive models, including two stratified models evaluating deliveries among obese and diabetic cohorts...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099466/biogeography-in-cellana-patellogastropoda-nacellidae-with-special-emphasis-on-the-relationships-of-southern-hemisphere-oceanic-island-species
#5
Claudio A González-Wevar, Tomoyuki Nakano, Alvaro Palma, Elie Poulin
Oceanic islands lacking connections to other land are extremely isolated from sources of potential colonists and have acquired their biota mainly through dispersal from geographically distant areas. Hence, isolated island biota constitutes interesting models to infer biogeographical mechanisms of dispersal, colonization, differentiation, and speciation. Limpets of the genus Cellana (Nacellidae: Patellogastropoda) show limited dispersal capacity but are broadly distributed across the Indo-Pacific including many endemic species in isolated oceanic islands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094679/a-retrospective-analysis-of-a-pediatric-tele-echocardiography-service-to-treat-triage-and-reduce-trans-pacific-transport
#6
Christopher A Rouse, Brandon T Woods, C Becket Mahnke
Introduction Tele-echocardiography can ensure prompt diagnosis and prevent the unnecessary transport of infants without critical congenital heart disease, particularly at isolated locations lacking access to tertiary care medical centers. Methods We retrospectively reviewed all infants who underwent tele-echocardiography at a remote 16-bed level IIIB NICU from June 2005 to March 2014. Tele-echocardiograms were completed by cardiac sonographers in Okinawa, Japan, and transmitted asynchronously for review by pediatric cardiologists in Hawaii...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052075/field-based-estimates-of-global-warming-potential-in-bioenergy-systems-of-hawaii-crop-choice-and-deficit-irrigation
#7
Meghan N Pawlowski, Susan E Crow, Manyowa N Meki, James R Kiniry, Andrew D Taylor, Richard Ogoshi, Adel Youkhana, Mae Nakahata
Replacing fossil fuel with biofuel is environmentally viable from a climate change perspective only if the net greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint of the system is reduced. The effects of replacing annual arable crops with perennial bioenergy feedstocks on net GHG production and soil carbon (C) stock are critical to the system-level balance. Here, we compared GHG flux, crop yield, root biomass, and soil C stock under two potential tropical, perennial grass biofuel feedstocks: conventional sugarcane and ratoon-harvested, zero-tillage napiergrass...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039113/an-experimental-test-of-the-eica-hypothesis-in-multiple-ranges-invasive-populations-outperform-those-from-the-native-range-independent-of-insect-herbivore-suppression
#8
Evan Siemann, Saara J DeWalt, Jianwen Zou, William E Rogers
The success of invasive plants may reflect environmental differences in their native and introduced ranges including both abiotic and biotic conditions, such as release from aboveground herbivory. However, in response to these novel conditions, plants from invasive populations may have higher growth rates and lower defense levels compared to those in the native range. This may contribute to their success in the introduced range but perhaps not in the native range. Here, we grew 1000 Triadica sebifera plants from 14 native and introduced populations in seven common gardens with unmanaged background vegetation for three growing seasons in three geographic venues that varied in T...
December 30, 2016: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032797/karen-strohm-kitchener-1943-2016
#9
Melba J T Vasquez
Presents an obituary for Karen Strohm Kitchener, who passed away on April 4, 2016, in a tragic accident near Oahu, Hawaii. One of Karen's major contributions was the development of the Reflective Judgment Model with her colleague, Patricia M. King. This model describes the development of people's ability to make intellectually defensible choices about complex problems that defy right or wrong answers and instead are resolved using multidimensional approaches and reasoned interpretations. (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028169/phytosanitary-treatments-against-bactrocera-dorsalis-diptera-tephritidae-current-situation-and-future-prospects
#10
REVIEW
Toshiyuki Dohino, Guy J Hallman, Timothy G Grout, Anthony R Clarke, Peter A Follett, Domingos R Cugala, Duong Minh Tu, Wayan Murdita, Emilio Hernandez, Rui Pereira, Scott W Myers
Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is arguably the most important tephritid attacking fruits after Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae). In 2003 it was found in Africa and quickly spread to most of the sub-Saharan part of the continent, destroying fruits and creating regulatory barriers to their export. The insect is causing new nutritional and economic losses across Africa, as well as the losses it has caused for decades in infested areas of Asia, New Guinea, and Hawaii. This new panorama represents a challenge for fruit exportation from Africa...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025314/cucumber-lure-trapping-of-zeugodacus-cucurbitae-diptera-tephritidae-in-hawaii-and-taiwan-longevity-and-nontargets-captures
#11
Eric B Jang, Lori A F N Carvalho, Chung-Chien Chen, Matthew S Siderhurst
The melon fly, Zeugodacus cucurbitae (Coquillett), is a serious pest of tropical horticulture, causing damage to cucurbits, tree fruits, and fruiting vegetables. Melon flies are especially attractive to freshly sliced cucumber, and this has led to the identification of a nine-compound kairomone lure that can be used to trap both female and male flies. In this study, a seven-compound lure, containing (Z)-6-nonenal, (Z)-6-nonen-1-ol, 1-octen-3-ol, (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal, (E)-2-nonenal, hexanal, and 1-hexanol, was formulated into PVC plugs (100 or 300 mg/plug) for field testing in wet traps...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997547/prevalence-of-antibodies-to-zika-virus-in-mothers-from-hawaii-who-delivered-babies-with-and-without-microcephaly-between-2009-2012
#12
Mukesh Kumar, Lauren Ching, Joshua Astern, Eunjung Lim, Alexander J Stokes, Marian Melish, Vivek R Nerurkar
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging mosquito-borne pathogen. ZIKV infection is linked to the development of severe fetal abnormalities that include spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, hydranencephaly, and microcephaly. ZIKV outbreaks have been recorded in the United States. We recently demonstrated the first congenital ZIKV infection in the United States. In this study, we investigated archived blood samples from six mothers who gave birth to babies with microcephaly and 12 mothers who gave birth to healthy babies in Hawaii between 2009 and 2012...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995538/promoting-optimal-native-outcomes-pono-by-understanding-women-s-stress-experiences
#13
May Okihiro, Lisa Duke, Deborah Goebert, Lauren Ampolos, Casandra Camacho, Natasha Shanahan, Earl Hishinuma, J Keawe Kaholokula
A growing body of evidence links stress with mental illness and chronic disease. Existing scales of women's stress fail to capture the daily stressors of low-income, rural women. We explored the psychosocial stressors of local women residing in a rural Hawaii community with a large Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander population. We recruited women, aged 18-35 years, at a community health center. We convened four focus groups to elicit information about women's stress. We identified key themes from the focus group data to generate questions that target concerns raised by participants...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994878/the-impact-of-hair-coat-color-on-longevity-of-holstein-cows-in-the-tropics
#14
C N Lee, K S Baek, A Parkhurst
BACKGROUND: Over two decades of observations in the field in South East Asia and Hawai'i suggest that majority of the commercial dairy herds are of black hair coat. Hence a simple study to determine the accuracy of the observation was conducted with two large dairy herds in Hawaii in the mid-1990s. METHODS: A retrospective study on longevity of Holstein cattle in the tropics was conducted using DairyComp-305 lactation information coupled with phenotypic evaluation of hair coat color in two large dairy farms...
2016: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991747/medicare-advantage-enrollment-update-2016
#15
Fred Ullrich, Keith Mueller
Purpose. The RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis reports annually on rural beneficiary enrollment in Medicare Advantage (MA) plans, noting any trends or new developments evident in the data. These reports are based on data through March of each year, capturing results of open enrollment periods. Key Findings. (1)The number of non-metropolitan beneficiaries enrolled in MA and other prepaid plans increased to 2,189,300 as of March 2016, representing 21.8 percent of all non-metropolitan Medicare beneficiaries compared with 31...
2016: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988772/new-records-of-sabellids-and-serpulids-polychaeta-sabellidae-serpulidae-from-the-tropical-eastern-pacific
#16
J Rolando Bastida-Zavala, Alondra Sofía Rodríguez Buelna, Jesús Angel DE León-González, Karla Andrea Camacho-Cruz, Isabel Carmona
Sabellids and serpulids are two well represented families in the polychaete fauna of the Tropical Eastern Pacific, with 31 and 34 species respectively; however, most records come from the Gulf of California or the western coast of Baja California Peninsula. Only a few records are from localities in the large expanse of the central and southern Mexican Pacific. Thus, sabellids and serpulids were collected from several shallow water habitats along the coast of Mexican Pacific, such as coastal lagoons, coral reefs, rocky shores and from man-made structures as marinas, piers and ships of several harbors; additionally, specimens from national collections were revised...
November 7, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978856/involution-of-breast-tissue-and-mammographic-density
#17
Gertraud Maskarinec, Dan Ju, David Horio, Lenora W M Loo, Brenda Y Hernandez
BACKGROUND: Mammographic density decreases and involution of breast tissue increases with age; both are thought to be risk factors for breast cancer. The current study investigated the relationship between involution or hormone treatment (HT) and breast density among multiethnic patients with breast cancer in Hawaii. METHODS: Patients with breast cancer cases were recruited from a nested case-control study within the Multiethnic Cohort. HT use was self-reported at cohort entry and at the time of the density study...
December 15, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960197/birth-defects-among-fetuses-and-infants-of-us-women-with-evidence-of-possible-zika-virus-infection-during-pregnancy
#18
Margaret A Honein, April L Dawson, Emily E Petersen, Abbey M Jones, Ellen H Lee, Mahsa M Yazdy, Nina Ahmad, Jennifer Macdonald, Nicole Evert, Andrea Bingham, Sascha R Ellington, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Titilope Oduyebo, Anne D Fine, Catherine M Brown, Jamie N Sommer, Jyoti Gupta, Philip Cavicchia, Sally Slavinski, Jennifer L White, S Michele Owen, Lyle R Petersen, Coleen Boyle, Dana Meaney-Delman, Denise J Jamieson
Importance: Understanding the risk of birth defects associated with Zika virus infection during pregnancy may help guide communication, prevention, and planning efforts. In the absence of Zika virus, microcephaly occurs in approximately 7 per 10 000 live births. Objective: To estimate the preliminary proportion of fetuses or infants with birth defects after maternal Zika virus infection by trimester of infection and maternal symptoms. Design, Setting, and Participants: Completed pregnancies with maternal, fetal, or infant laboratory evidence of possible recent Zika virus infection and outcomes reported in the continental United States and Hawaii from January 15 to September 22, 2016, in the US Zika Pregnancy Registry, a collaboration between the CDC and state and local health departments...
3, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934266/automated-calibration-of-atmospheric-oxidized-mercury-measurements
#19
Seth Lyman, Colleen Jones, Trevor O'Neil, Tanner Allen, Matthieu Miller, Mae Sexauer Gustin, Ashley M Pierce, Winston Luke, Xinrong Ren, Paul Kelley
The atmosphere is an important reservoir for mercury pollution, and understanding of oxidation processes is essential to elucidating the fate of atmospheric mercury. Several recent studies have shown that a low bias exists in a widely applied method for atmospheric oxidized mercury measurements. We developed an automated, permeation tube-based calibrator for elemental and oxidized mercury, and we integrated this calibrator with atmospheric mercury instrumentation (Tekran 2537/1130/1135 speciation systems) in Reno, Nevada and at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii, U...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932925/discovery-of-a-new-world-ladybird-beetle-nephaspis-indus-gordon-1996-coleoptera-coccinellidae-scymnini-on-the-island-of-taiwan
#20
Xiaosheng Chen, Xiufeng Xie, Shunxiang Ren, Xingmin Wang
BACKGROUND: Nephaspis indus Gordon, 1996 was imported into Taiwan from Hawaii in 1990 as a biological control agent for the spiralling whitefly, Aleurodicus dispersus Russell, 1965 (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). However, its establishment was not known prior to this study. NEW INFORMATION: Nephaspis indus Gordon, 1996, a natural enemy of Aleurodicus dispersus Russell (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) native to the Neotropical region, is recorded as established in Taiwan for the first time...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
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