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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542310/geographic-distribution-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-in-wild-rats-rattus-rattus-and-terrestrial-snails-in-florida-usa
#1
Heather D Stockdale Walden, John D Slapcinsky, Shannon Roff, Jorge Mendieta Calle, Zakia Diaz Goodwin, Jere Stern, Rachel Corlett, Julia Conway, Antoinette McIntosh
The parasitic nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a major cause of eosinophilic meningitis in humans, and has been documented in other incidental hosts such as birds, horses, dogs and non-human primates. It is endemic in Hawaii, and there have been sporadic reports in the southern continental United States. This parasite uses rats as definitive hosts and snails as intermediate hosts. In this study, we collected potential definitive and intermediate hosts throughout Florida to ascertain the geographic distribution in the state: Rats, environmental rat fecal samples, and snails were collected from 18 counties throughout the state...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524867/fundamental-differences-in-diversity-and-genomic-population-structure-between-atlantic-and-pacific-prochlorococcus
#2
Nadav Kashtan, Sara E Roggensack, Jessie W Berta-Thompson, Maor Grinberg, Ramunas Stepanauskas, Sallie W Chisholm
The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans represent different biogeochemical regimes in which the abundant marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus thrives. We have shown that Prochlorococcus populations in the Atlantic are composed of hundreds of genomically, and likely ecologically, distinct coexisting subpopulations with distinct genomic backbones. Here we ask if differences in the ecology and selection pressures between the Atlantic and Pacific are reflected in the diversity and genomic composition of their indigenous Prochlorococcus populations...
May 19, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512463/allometric-models-for-predicting-aboveground-biomass-and-carbon-stock-of-tropical-perennial-c4-grasses-in-hawaii
#3
Adel H Youkhana, Richard M Ogoshi, James R Kiniry, Manyowa N Meki, Mae H Nakahata, Susan E Crow
Biomass is a promising renewable energy option that provides a more environmentally sustainable alternative to fossil resources by reducing the net flux of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere. Yet, allometric models that allow the prediction of aboveground biomass (AGB), biomass carbon (C) stock non-destructively have not yet been developed for tropical perennial C4 grasses currently under consideration as potential bioenergy feedstock in Hawaii and other subtropical and tropical locations. The objectives of this study were to develop optimal allometric relationships and site-specific models to predict AGB, biomass C stock of napiergrass, energycane, and sugarcane under cultivation practices for renewable energy and validate these site-specific models against independent data sets generated from sites with widely different environments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509728/society-of-critical-care-medicine-presidential-address-46th-annual-congress-january-2017-honolulu-hawaii
#4
Ruth M Kleinpell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496148/genetic-structure-of-cercospora-beticola-populations-on-beta-vulgaris-in-new-york-and-hawaii
#5
Niloofar Vaghefi, Scot C Nelson, Julie R Kikkert, Sarah J Pethybridge
Cercospora leaf spot (CLS), caused by Cercospora beticola, is a major disease of Beta vulgaris worldwide. No sexual stage is known for C. beticola but in its asexual form it overwinters on infected plant debris as pseudostromata, and travels short distances by rain splash-dispersed conidiospores. Cercospora beticola infects a broad range of host species and may be seedborne. The relative contribution of these inoculum sources to CLS epidemics on table beet is not well understood. Pathogen isolates collected from table beet, Swiss chard and common lambsquarters in mixed-cropping farms and monoculture fields in New York and Hawaii, USA, were genotyped (n = 600) using 12 microsatellite markers...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492967/a-test-for-gene-flow-among-sympatric-and-allopatric-hawaiian-picture-winged-drosophila
#6
Lin Kang, Harold R Garner, Donald K Price, Pawel Michalak
The Hawaiian Drosophila are one of the most species-rich endemic groups in Hawaii and a spectacular example of adaptive radiation. Drosophila silvestris and D. heteroneura are two closely related picture-winged Drosophila species that occur sympatrically on Hawaii Island and are known to hybridize in nature, yet exhibit highly divergent behavioral and morphological traits driven largely through sexual selection. Their closest-related allopatric species, D. planitibia from Maui, exhibits hybrid male sterility and reduced behavioral reproductive isolation when crossed experimentally with D...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475047/retrieval-of-sentence-sequences-for-an-image-stream-via-coherence-recurrent-convolutional-networks
#7
Cesc Park, Youngjin Kim, Gunhee Kim
We propose an approach for retrieving a sequence of natural sentences for an image stream. Since general users often take a series of pictures on their experiences, much online visual information exists in the form of image streams, for which it would better take into consideration of the whole image stream to produce natural language descriptions. While almost all previous studies have dealt with the relation between a single image and a single natural sentence, our work extends both input and output dimension to a sequence of images and a sequence of sentences...
May 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472213/association-between-thyroid-disease-and-uveitis-results-from-the-pacific-ocular-inflammation-study
#8
Durga S Borkar, Gelareh Homayounfar, Vivien M Tham, Kathryn J Ray, Aleli C Vinoya, Aileen Uchida, Nisha R Acharya
Importance: Common pathophysiological mechanisms may be responsible for immune dysregulation in both thyroid disease and uveitis. Studies investigating a possible association are limited. Objective: To determine the association between thyroid disease and uveitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective, population-based case-control study was conducted from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2007, among 217 061 members of the Kaiser Permanente Hawaii health system during the study period...
May 4, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464212/population-based-geographic-access-to-parent-and-satellite-national-cancer-institute-cancer-center-facilities
#9
Tracy Onega, Jennifer Alford-Teaster, Fahui Wang
BACKGROUND: Satellite facilities of National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer centers have expanded their regional footprints. This study characterized geographic access to parent and satellite NCI cancer center facilities nationally overall and by sociodemographics. METHODS: Parent and satellite NCI cancer center facilities, which were geocoded in ArcGIS, were ascertained. Travel times from every census tract in the continental United States and Hawaii to the nearest parent and satellite facilities were calculated...
May 2, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450680/progression-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-two-japanese-populations-with-different-lifestyles
#10
Mitsunobu Kubota, Masayasu Yoneda, Hiroshi Watanabe, Genshi Egusa
AIM: We have conducted medical surveys on two Japanese populations (Japanese Americans living in the US and native Japanese living in Japan) to investigate the impact of westernization of lifestyles on diseases in Japanese people. A 1998 survey revealed that the progression of carotid intima-media wall thickness (IMT) was faster by approximately 20 years in Japanese Americans than in native Japanese. In this study, we compared the progression of atherosclerosis in native Japanese versus that in Japanese Americans using carotid IMT data from medical examinations conducted in the 2010s...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441996/abstracts-from-the-western-society-of-allergy-asthma-and-immunology-2017-annual-scientific-session-fairmont-orchid-big-island-hawaii-january-29-february-2-2017
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430018/characterization-of-canna-yellow-mottle-virus-in-a-new-host-alpinia-purpurata-in-hawaii
#12
Jingxin Zhang, Kishore K Dey, Birun Lin, Wayne B Borth, Michael J Melzer, Diane Sether, Yanan Wang, I-Chin Wang, Huifang Shen, Xiaoming Pu, Dayuan Sun, John S Hu
Canna yellow mottle virus (CaYMV) is an important badnavirus infecting Canna spp. worldwide. This is the first report of CaYMV in flowering ginger (Alpinia purpurata) in Hawaii, where it is associated with yellow mottling and necrosis of leaves, vein streaking, and stunted plants. We have sequenced CaYMV in A. purpurata (CaYMV-Ap) using a combination of next-generation sequencing and traditional Sanger sequencing techniques. The complete genome of CaYMV-Ap was 7,120 bp with an organization typical of other Badnavirus species...
June 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429754/real-time-detection-of-tsunami-ionospheric-disturbances-with-a-stand-alone-gnss-receiver-a-preliminary-feasibility-demonstration
#13
Giorgio Savastano, Attila Komjathy, Olga Verkhoglyadova, Augusto Mazzoni, Mattia Crespi, Yong Wei, Anthony J Mannucci
It is well known that tsunamis can produce gravity waves that propagate up to the ionosphere generating disturbed electron densities in the E and F regions. These ionospheric disturbances can be studied in detail using ionospheric total electron content (TEC) measurements collected by continuously operating ground-based receivers from the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). Here, we present results using a new approach, named VARION (Variometric Approach for Real-Time Ionosphere Observation), and estimate slant TEC (sTEC) variations in a real-time scenario...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424048/phylogeny-divergence-time-and-historical-biogeography-of-laetiporus-basidiomycota-polyporales
#14
Jie Song, Bao-Kai Cui
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to characterize the molecular relationship, origin and historical biogeography of the species in important brown rot fungal genus Laetiporus from East Asia, Europe, Pan-America, Hawaii and South Africa. We used six genetic markers to estimate a genus-level phylogeny including (1) the internal transcribed spacer (ITS), (2) nuclear large subunit rDNA (nrLSU), (3) nuclear small subunit rDNA (nrSSU), (4) translation elongation factor 1-α (EF-1α), (5) DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit 2 (RPB2), and (6) mitochondrial small subunit rDNA (mtSSU)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418303/azithromycin-resistance-and-decreased-ceftriaxone-susceptibility-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-hawaii-usa
#15
John R Papp, A Jeanine Abrams, Evelyn Nash, Alan R Katz, Robert D Kirkcaldy, Norman P O'Connor, Pamela S O'Brien, Derek H Harauchi, Eloisa V Maningas, Olusegun O Soge, Ellen N Kersh, Alan Komeya, Juval E Tomas, Glenn M Wasserman, Gail Y Kunimoto, David L Trees, A Christian Whelen
During 2016, eight Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from 7 patients in Hawaii were resistant to azithromycin; 5 had decreased in vitro susceptibility to ceftriaxone. Genomic analysis demonstrated a distinct phylogenetic clade when compared with local contemporary strains. Continued evolution and widespread transmission of these strains might challenge the effectiveness of current therapeutic options.
May 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386009/tungsten-182-heterogeneity-in-modern-ocean-island-basalts
#16
Andrea Mundl, Mathieu Touboul, Matthew G Jackson, James M D Day, Mark D Kurz, Vedran Lekic, Rosalind T Helz, Richard J Walker
New tungsten isotope data for modern ocean island basalts (OIB) from Hawaii, Samoa, and Iceland reveal variable (182)W/(184)W, ranging from that of the ambient upper mantle to ratios as much as 18 parts per million lower. The tungsten isotopic data negatively correlate with (3)He/(4)He. These data indicate that each OIB system accesses domains within Earth that formed within the first 60 million years of solar system history. Combined isotopic and chemical characteristics projected for these ancient domains indicate that they contain metal and are repositories of noble gases...
April 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383477/the-damage-control-surgery-in-austere-environments-research-group-dcsaerg-a-dynamic-program-to-facilitate-real-time-tele-mentoring-tele-diagnosis-to-address-exsanguination-in-extreme-and-austere-environments
#17
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica McKee, Paul B McBeth, Chad G Ball, Anthony LaPorta, Timothy Broderick, Tim Leslie, David King, Heather Wright-Beatty, Jocelyn Keillor, Homer Tien
Hemorrhage is the most preventable cause of post-traumatic death. Many cases are potentially anatomically salvageable, yet remain lethal without logistics or trained personnel to deliver diagnosis or Resuscitative-surgery in austere-environments. Revolutions in technology for remote-mentoring of ultrasound and surgery may enhance capabilities to utilize the skill-sets of non-physicians. Thus, our Research-Collaborative explored remote-mentoring to empower non-physicians to address junctional and torso hemorrhage-control in Austere-environments...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380069/vision-mediated-exploitation-of-a-novel-host-plant-by-a-tephritid-fruit-fly
#18
Jaime C Piñero, Steven K Souder, Roger I Vargas
Shortly after its introduction into the Hawaiian Islands around 1895, the polyphagous, invasive fruit fly Bactrocera (Zeugodacus) cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) was provided the opportunity to expand its host range to include a novel host, papaya (Carica papaya). It has been documented that female B. cucurbitae rely strongly on vision to locate host fruit. Given that the papaya fruit is visually conspicuous in the papaya agro-ecosystem, we hypothesized that female B. cucurbitae used vision as the main sensory modality to find and exploit the novel host fruit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359207/asthma-prevalence-disparities-and-differences-in-sociodemographic-associations-with-asthma-between-native-hawaiian-other-pacific-islander-asian-and-white-adults-in-hawaii-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-brfss-2001-2010
#19
H Jessop, D Li, A R Katz, E L Hurwitz
OBJECTIVES: Despite high asthma prevalence, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of asthma in Hawaii or among Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI). We sought to better characterize racial/ethnic differences in asthma prevalence and in sociodemographic factors associated with asthma among Hawaii adults. DESIGN: We conducted multivariable logistic regression using 2001-2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from Hawaii, and computed adjusted prevalence and ratios...
March 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345443/economic-burden-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-diarrhea-retrospective-analysis-of-a-u-s-commercially-insured-population
#20
Jessica L Buono, Kush Mathur, Amelia J Averitt, David A Andrae
BACKGROUND: The economic burden associated with irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D) is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To (a) evaluate total annual all-cause, gastrointestinal (GI)-related, and symptom-related (i.e., IBS, diarrhea, abdominal pain) health care resource use and costs among IBS-D patients in a U.S. commercially insured population and (b) estimate incremental all-cause health care costs of IBS-D patients versus matched controls. METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 18 years with 12 months of continuous medical and pharmacy benefit eligibility in 2013 were identified from the Truven Health MarketScan research database...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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