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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636451/assessing-hydrogen-peroxide-vapor-exposure-from-hospital-sterilizers
#1
Robert Cornelia, P Richard Warburton
This study examined the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the US and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8 hour time weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short term exposure limit in a couple of states, Washington and Hawaii...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628968/performance-trends-in-age-group-triathletes-in-the-olympic-distance-triathlon-at-the-world-championships-2009-2014
#2
Martin Wonerow, Christoph Alexander Rüst, Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
Performance trends in elite triathletes competing in age group classes have been investigated for Ironman triathlon in ‘Ironman Hawaii’ but not for short distance triathletes competing at international level in event such as the Olympic distance triathlon at the World Championships. The aim of the present study was to evaluate participation and performance trends of age group triathletes competing in the Olympic distance triathlon at the ITU (International Triathlon Union) World Championships 2009-2014...
June 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628601/the-damage-control-surgery-in-austere-environments-research-group-dcsaerg-a-dynamic-program-to-facilitate-real-time-telementoring-telediagnosis-to-address-exsanguination-in-extreme-and-austere-environments
#3
Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Jessica L McKee, Paul B McBeth, Chad G Ball, Anthony LaPorta, Timothy Broderick, Tim Leslie, David King, Heather E Wright Beatty, Jocelyn Keillor, Homer Tien
Hemorrhage is the most preventable cause of posttraumatic death. Many cases are potentially anatomically salvageable, yet remain lethal without logistics or trained personnel to deliver diagnosis or resuscitative surgery in austere environments. Revolutions in technology for remote mentoring of ultrasound and surgery may enhance capabilities to utilize the skill sets of non-physicians. Thus, our research collaborative explored remote mentoring to empower non-physicians to address junctional and torso hemorrhage control in austere environments...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621152/racial-disparities-in-health-service-utilization-among-medicare-fee-for-service-beneficiaries-adjusting-for-multiple-chronic-conditions
#4
Krupa Gandhi, Eunjung Lim, James Davis, John J Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial disparities in health services utilization in Hawaii among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries aged 65 years and above. METHOD: All-cause utilization of inpatient, outpatient, emergency, home health agency, and skilled nursing facility admissions were investigated using 2012 Medicare data. For each type of service, multivariable logistic regression model was used to investigate racial disparities adjusting for sociodemographic factors and multiple chronic conditions...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618252/epidemiological-trends-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-the-united-states-a%C3%A2-seer-population-study
#5
Moustafa Mourad, Thomas Jetmore, Ameya A Jategaonkar, Sami Moubayed, Erin Moshier, Mark L Urken
PURPOSE: This study represents the most recent epidemiologic trends of head and neck cancer (HNC) in the United States. It provides an important discussion on oropharyngeal cancer and cancers related to the human papillomavirus. The objective was to identify trends in HNC (2002 to 2012) within the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of the US National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) submission...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609940/synonymy-of-i-reikosiella-i-yoshimoto-under-i-merostenus-i-walker%C3%A2-hymenoptera-chalcidoidea-eupelmidae-with-a-checklist-of-world-species-and-a-revision-of-those-species-with-brachypterous-females
#6
Gary A P Gibson
Reikosiella Yoshimoto, 1969 is synonymized under Merostenus Walker, 1837 n. syn. and treated as M. (Reikosiella), one of four subgenera recognized in the genus. Hirticauda Bouček, 1988, previously treated as a subgenus of Reikosiella, is synonymized under M. (Merostenus) n. syn., and two subgenera established in Reikosiella by Gibson (1995) are synonymized under Merostenus and treated as the subgenera M. (Capreocauda) and M. (Incohata) n. syns. The new generic synonymy is proposed after morphological comparison of females and males of Merostenus and Reikosiella sensu Gibson (1995), including reanalysis of features possessed by a basal group of genera of Eupelminae whose females share two hypothesized symplesiomorphies-a medially divided mesotrochantinal plate and lack of a mesotibial apical groove...
April 21, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605294/safety-and-long-term-immunological-effects-of-cryj2-lamp-plasmid-vaccine-in-japanese-red-cedar-atopic-subjects-a-phase-i-study
#7
Yan Su, Eliezer Romeu-Bonilla, Athanasia Anagnostou, David Fitz-Patrick, William Hearl, Teri Heiland
Japanese Red Cedar (JRC) pollen induced allergy affects one third of Japanese and the development of effective therapies remains an unachieved challenge. We designed a DNA vaccine encoding CryJ2 allergen from the JRC pollen and Lysosomal Associated Membrane Protein 1 (LAMP-1) to treat JRC allergy. These Phase IA and IB trials assessed safety and immunological effects of the investigational CryJ2-LAMP DNA vaccine in both non-sensitive and sensitive Japanese expatriates living in Honolulu, Hawaii. In the Phase IA trial, six JRC non-sensitive subjects and nine JRC and/or Mountain Cedar (MC) sensitive subjects were given four vaccine doses (each 4 mg/1 ml) intramuscularly (IM) at 14-day intervals...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595450/a-new-malyngamide-from-the-marine-cyanobacterium-moorea-producens
#8
Weina Jiang, Wei Zhou, Raymie Othman, Hajime Uchida, Ryuichi Watanabe, Toshiyuki Suzuki, Bryan Sakamoto, Hiroshi Nagai
A new malyngamide (1) was isolated along with seven known compounds (2-8) from the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens collected in Hawaii. Compound 1 represented the first reported malyngamide with a hydroxy moiety at C-7 of the characteristic fatty acid portion of the compound. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against L1210 cell line at an IC50 value of 2.9 mM and lethal toxicity against the shrimp Palaemon paucidens at a LD100 value of 33.3 mg/kg. The bioactivity of compound 1 was approximately 10-100 times weaker than those of isomalyngamides A and B (3, 4)...
June 8, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594220/field-reliability-influences-field-validity-risk-assessments-of-individuals-found-not-guilty-by-reason-of-insanity
#9
W Neil Gowensmith, Daniel C Murrie, Marcus T Boccaccini, Brandon J McNichols
Individuals acquitted as not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI) are usually committed to psychiatric hospitals for treatment until they are considered suitable for conditional release back to the community. The clinical evaluations that inform conditional release decisions have rarely been studied but provide an ideal opportunity to examine the reliability and validity of complex evaluations in the field. For example, to what extent do forensic evaluators agree about an acquittee's readiness for conditional release? And how accurate are their opinions? We reviewed 175 evaluation reports across 62 cases from Hawaii, which requires 3 separate evaluations from independent clinicians for each felony NGRI acquittee referred for conditional release evaluation...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587241/termite-species-distribution-and-flight-periods-on-oahu-hawaii
#10
Reina L Tong, J Kenneth Grace, Makena Mason, Paul D Krushelnycky, Helen Spafford, Maria Aihara-Sasaki
Termites are economically-important structural pests, costing residents of Hawaii over $100 million annually. On Oahu, the last published termite swarming survey occurred from 1969 to 1971, and the last termite hand-collection survey occurred from 1998 to 2000. To contribute data on termite occurrences on Oahu, a light-trap survey took place from February 2011 to September 2012, and a hand-collection survey occurred from September to November 2012. Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, swarming was compared over the duration of the study, finding peak swarming in May 2011...
June 5, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585278/abstract-proceedings-of-the-2017-annual-meeting-of-the-international-society-for-laboratory-hematology-4-6-may-2017-honolulu-hawaii
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558016/high-mortality-due-to-sepsis-in-native-hawaiians-and-african-americans-the-multiethnic-cohort
#12
Michelle L Matter, Yurii B Shvetsov, Chase Dugay, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Gertraud Maskarinec
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sepsis is a severe systemic response to infection with a high mortality rate. A higher incidence has been reported for older people, in persons with a compromised immune system including cancer patients, and in ethnic minorities. We analyzed sepsis mortality and its predictors by ethnicity in the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC). SUBJECTS/METHODS: Among 191,561 white, African American, Native Hawaiian, Japanese American, and Latino cohort members, 49,347 deaths due to all causes and 345 deaths due to sepsis were recorded during follow-up from 1993-96 until 2010...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549097/cluster-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-with-high-level-azithromycin-resistance-and-decreased-ceftriaxone-susceptibility-hawaii-2016
#13
Alan R Katz, Alan Y Komeya, Robert D Kirkcaldy, A Christian Whelen, Olusegun O Soge, John R Papp, Ellen N Kersh, Glenn M Wasserman, Norman P O'Connor, Pamela S O'Brien, Douglas T Sato, Eloisa V Maningas, Gail Y Kunimoto, Juval E Tomas
Background.: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) currently recommends dual therapy with ceftriaxone and azithromycin for gonorrhea to ensure effective treatment and slow emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Since 2013, the prevalence of reduced azithromycin susceptibility increased in the United States; however, these strains were highly susceptible to cephalosporins. We report on a cluster of N. gonorrhoeae isolates demonstrating high-level azithromycin resistance, several of which also demonstrated decreased ceftriaxone susceptibility...
May 26, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542310/geographic-distribution-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-in-wild-rats-rattus-rattus-and-terrestrial-snails-in-florida-usa
#14
Heather D Stockdale Walden, John D Slapcinsky, Shannon Roff, Jorge Mendieta Calle, Zakia Diaz Goodwin, Jere Stern, Rachel Corlett, Julia Conway, Antoinette McIntosh
The parasitic nematode Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a major cause of eosinophilic meningitis in humans, and has been documented in other incidental hosts such as birds, horses, dogs and non-human primates. It is endemic in Hawaii, and there have been sporadic reports in the southern continental United States. This parasite uses rats as definitive hosts and snails as intermediate hosts. In this study, we collected potential definitive and intermediate hosts throughout Florida to ascertain the geographic distribution in the state: Rats, environmental rat fecal samples, and snails were collected from 18 counties throughout the state...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524867/fundamental-differences-in-diversity-and-genomic-population-structure-between-atlantic-and-pacific-prochlorococcus
#15
Nadav Kashtan, Sara E Roggensack, Jessie W Berta-Thompson, Maor Grinberg, Ramunas Stepanauskas, Sallie W Chisholm
The Atlantic and Pacific Oceans represent different biogeochemical regimes in which the abundant marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus thrives. We have shown that Prochlorococcus populations in the Atlantic are composed of hundreds of genomically, and likely ecologically, distinct coexisting subpopulations with distinct genomic backbones. Here we ask if differences in the ecology and selection pressures between the Atlantic and Pacific are reflected in the diversity and genomic composition of their indigenous Prochlorococcus populations...
May 19, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512463/allometric-models-for-predicting-aboveground-biomass-and-carbon-stock-of-tropical-perennial-c4-grasses-in-hawaii
#16
Adel H Youkhana, Richard M Ogoshi, James R Kiniry, Manyowa N Meki, Mae H Nakahata, Susan E Crow
Biomass is a promising renewable energy option that provides a more environmentally sustainable alternative to fossil resources by reducing the net flux of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere. Yet, allometric models that allow the prediction of aboveground biomass (AGB), biomass carbon (C) stock non-destructively have not yet been developed for tropical perennial C4 grasses currently under consideration as potential bioenergy feedstock in Hawaii and other subtropical and tropical locations. The objectives of this study were to develop optimal allometric relationships and site-specific models to predict AGB, biomass C stock of napiergrass, energycane, and sugarcane under cultivation practices for renewable energy and validate these site-specific models against independent data sets generated from sites with widely different environments...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509728/society-of-critical-care-medicine-presidential-address-46th-annual-congress-january-2017-honolulu-hawaii
#17
Ruth M Kleinpell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496148/genetic-structure-of-cercospora-beticola-populations-on-beta-vulgaris-in-new-york-and-hawaii
#18
Niloofar Vaghefi, Scot C Nelson, Julie R Kikkert, Sarah J Pethybridge
Cercospora leaf spot (CLS), caused by Cercospora beticola, is a major disease of Beta vulgaris worldwide. No sexual stage is known for C. beticola but in its asexual form it overwinters on infected plant debris as pseudostromata, and travels short distances by rain splash-dispersed conidiospores. Cercospora beticola infects a broad range of host species and may be seedborne. The relative contribution of these inoculum sources to CLS epidemics on table beet is not well understood. Pathogen isolates collected from table beet, Swiss chard and common lambsquarters in mixed-cropping farms and monoculture fields in New York and Hawaii, USA, were genotyped (n = 600) using 12 microsatellite markers...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492967/a-test-for-gene-flow-among-sympatric-and-allopatric-hawaiian-picture-winged-drosophila
#19
Lin Kang, Harold R Garner, Donald K Price, Pawel Michalak
The Hawaiian Drosophila are one of the most species-rich endemic groups in Hawaii and a spectacular example of adaptive radiation. Drosophila silvestris and D. heteroneura are two closely related picture-winged Drosophila species that occur sympatrically on Hawaii Island and are known to hybridize in nature, yet exhibit highly divergent behavioral and morphological traits driven largely through sexual selection. Their closest-related allopatric species, D. planitibia from Maui, exhibits hybrid male sterility and reduced behavioral reproductive isolation when crossed experimentally with D...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475047/retrieval-of-sentence-sequences-for-an-image-stream-via-coherence-recurrent-convolutional-networks
#20
Cesc Park, Youngjin Kim, Gunhee Kim
We propose an approach for retrieving a sequence of natural sentences for an image stream. Since general users often take a series of pictures on their experiences, much online visual information exists in the form of image streams, for which it would better take into consideration of the whole image stream to produce natural language descriptions. While almost all previous studies have dealt with the relation between a single image and a single natural sentence, our work extends both input and output dimension to a sequence of images and a sequence of sentences...
May 2, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
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