Read by QxMD icon Read


Patrick L Hill, Grant W Edmonds, Sarah E Hampson
Having a purpose in life has been consistently linked to subjective and objective health markers. Using data from the Hawaii Study of Personality and Health ( n = 749, Mage = 60.1 years), we tested multiple health behaviors as unique mediators of the correlation between sense of purpose and self-rated health ( r = .29). Correlational analyses found that participants' sense of purpose was positively associated with their reports of vigorous and moderate activity, vegetable intake, flossing, and sleep quality...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
Magdy F Iskander, Todd B Seto, Ruthsenne Rg Perron, Eunjung Lim, Farhan Qazi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of a noninvasive radiofrequency-based device, the Cardio-Pulmonary Stethoscope (CPS), to monitor heart and respiration rates and detect changes in lung water content in human experiments and clinical trials. METHODS: Three human populations (healthy subjects (n=4), heart failure (n=12) and hemodialysis (n=13) patients) were enrolled in this study. The study was conducted at the University of Hawaii and The Queen's Medical Center in Honolulu, HI...
August 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Bonnie J Holmes, Samuel M Williams, Nicholas M Otway, Einar E Nielsen, Safia L Maher, Mike B Bennett, Jennifer R Ovenden
Population genetic structure using nine polymorphic nuclear microsatellite loci was assessed for the tiger shark (Galeocerdo cuvier) at seven locations across the Indo-Pacific, and one location in the southern Atlantic. Genetic analyses revealed considerable genetic structuring (FST > 0.14, p < 0.001) between all Indo-Pacific locations and Brazil. By contrast, no significant genetic differences were observed between locations from within the Pacific or Indian Oceans, identifying an apparent large, single Indo-Pacific population...
July 2017: Royal Society Open Science
Shanna Grafeld, Kirsten L L Oleson, Lida Teneva, John N Kittinger
Despite their importance for human well-being, nearshore fisheries are often data poor, undervalued, and underappreciated in policy and development programs. We assess the value chain for nearshore Hawaiian coral reef fisheries, mapping post-catch distribution and disposition, and quantifying associated monetary, food security, and cultural values. We estimate that the total annual value of the nearshore fishery in Hawai'i is $10.3-$16.4 million, composed of non-commercial ($7.2-$12.9 million) and commercial ($2...
2017: PloS One
Laurence A Mound, Janis N Matsunaga
An illustrated identification key is provided to 17 species of Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripinae from Hawaii that are members of the Tribe Haplothripini, together with a further species that is similar in general appearance to members of that Tribe. Of these 18 species, 13 are considered introduced from other parts of the world, but five appear to be endemics. Known only from Hawaii, Haplothrips fissussyn. n. is considered to have been based on a teratological specimen and is placed as a synonym of the Hawaiian endemic Haplothrips davisi...
2017: ZooKeys
Kerry A Hadfield, Lillian J Tuttle, Nico J Smit
The new cymothoid species, Elthusa winstonisp. n., a branchial parasite of fishes from the family Acanthuridae Bonaparte, 1835 in Hawaii, is described and figured. The female adults can be distinguished by the strongly vaulted body and compacted body shape; rostrum with a small median point; short antennae which are close together (only 6 articles in both antennula and antenna); short and wide uropods extending to half the length of the pleotelson; short dactyli on pereopod 7; and large recurved robust setae on the maxilla...
2017: ZooKeys
John Beltrami, Andrew Gans, Michelle Wozniak, John Murphy, Benjamin Puesta, Daphne Kennebrew, Mary Angie Allen, Kevin OʼConnor
CONTEXT: Partner services are a broad array of services that should be offered to persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and that are based on a process through which HIV-infected persons are interviewed to elicit information about their sex and needle-sharing partners. Human immunodeficiency virus testing of partners can result in a high yield of newly diagnosed HIV positivity, but despite this yield and the benefits of partners knowing their exposures and HIV status, partner services are often not conducted...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Chiou Ling Chang
Sterile insect technique (SIT) is one of the most effective fruit fly control technologies. Irradiation has been used to sterilize male fruit flies before release to the field to compete with the wild males for females. Imagine an environmental and cost effective method using a rearing diet that can make insects sterile indefinitely, by feeding for 7days before release. This could replace costly irradiation process. A potential birth control diet was evaluated on fertility, mating, survival, and protein analysis for fruit fly species in Hawaii...
August 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Laura E Brettell, Gideon J Mordecai, Purnima Pachori, Stephen J Martin
Here, we report the full-genome sequence of Milolii virus, a novel single-stranded (positive-sense) RNA virus discovered from Tapinoma melanocephalum ants in Hawaii. The genome is 10,475 nucleotides long, encoding a polyprotein of 3,304 amino acids.
July 27, 2017: Genome Announcements
Heather L Heenehan, Sofie M Van Parijs, Lars Bejder, Julian A Tyne, Brandon L Southall, Hugh Southall, David W Johnston
The soundscapes of four bays along the Kona Coast of Hawaii Island were monitored between January 2011 and March 2013. Equivalent, unweighted sound pressure levels within standard 1/3rd-octave bands (dB re: 1μPa) were calculated for each recording. Sound levels increased at night and were lowest during the daytime when spinner dolphins use the bays to rest. A tsunami provided an opportunity to monitor the soundscape with little anthropogenic component. We detected a decrease in sound levels and variability in one of the busiest bays...
July 24, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Kenneth B Gordon, Craig L Leonardi, Daniel E Furst, Neal Bhatia, Lawrence F Eichenfield, Katie Beleznay
New therapies, recent pathophysiological findings, and updated guidelines combined to create compelling presentations at the Skin Disease Education Foundation's 41st Annual Hawaii Dermatology Seminar™. This educational supplement summarizes the highlights of clinical sessions presented during this CME/CE conference. A growing understanding of the biology of psoriasis has facilitated the development of increasingly efficacious medications. Skin clearance used to be regarded as an impractical goal for psoriasis therapy...
June 2017: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Stanford Chihuri, Guohua Li
OBJECTIVES: To assess the time trends in prescription opioids detected in fatally injured drivers. METHODS: We analyzed 1995 to 2015 Fatality Analysis Reporting System data from California, Hawaii, Illinois, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and West Virginia of toxicological tests for drivers fatally injured within 1 hour of a crash (n = 36 729). We used the Cochran-Armitage test for trend to assess the statistical significance of changes in the prevalence of prescription opioids detected in these drivers over time...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
Allison J Shultz, Allan J Baker, Geoffrey E Hill, Paul M Nolan, Scott V Edwards
Identifying genomic signatures of natural selection can be challenging against a background of demographic changes such as bottlenecks and population expansions. Here, we disentangle the effects of demography from selection in the House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) using samples collected before and after a pathogen-induced selection event. Using ddRADseq, we genotyped over 18,000 SNPs across the genome in native pre-epizootic western US birds, introduced birds from Hawaii and the eastern United States, post-epizootic eastern birds, and western birds sampled across a similar time span...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Hae Rim Lee, Bon-Sang Koo, Jong-Taek Kim, Heung-Chul Kim, Myung-Soon Kim, Terry A Klein, Man-Seok Shin, Sanghun Lee, Eun-Ok Jeon, Kyung-Cheol Min, Seung Baek Lee, Yeonji Bae, In-Pil Mo
A total of 600 wild birds were analyzed for the causes of mortality in the Republic of Korea (ROK) from 2011 to 2013. Avian poxvirus (APV) infections were identified as the primary cause of mortality in 39% (29/74) Oriental Turtle Doves (Streptopelia orientalis). At necropsy, all 29 S. orientalis birds, of which, 76% (22/29) were juveniles, had severe diphtheritic lesions in their oral and nasal cavities and on their eyelids, which were the lesions of APV that resulted in mortality. We detected APV infection by chorioallantoic membrane inoculation and molecular study of the partial region of the P4b gene...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Song-Yi Park, Neal D Freedman, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand, Lynne R Wilkens, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
Background: Coffee consumption has been associated with reduced risk for death in prospective cohort studies; however, data in nonwhites are sparse. Objective: To examine the association of coffee consumption with risk for total and cause-specific death. Design: The MEC (Multiethnic Cohort), a prospective population-based cohort study established between 1993 and 1996. Setting: Hawaii and Los Angeles, California. Participants: 185 855 African Americans, Native Hawaiians, Japanese Americans, Latinos, and whites aged 45 to 75 years at recruitment...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
Leyla V Kaufman, Mark G Wright
The introduction of biological control agents to new environments requires host specificity tests to estimate potential non-target impacts of a prospective agent. Currently, the approach is conservative, and is based on physiological host ranges determined under captive rearing conditions, without consideration for ecological factors that may influence realized host range. We use historical data and current field data from introduced parasitoids that attack an endemic Lepidoptera species in Hawaii to validate a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) procedure for non-target impacts...
July 7, 2017: Insects
Kelly A Barrett, Jolene H Nakao, Ethel V Taylor, Carrie Eggers, Lydia Hannah Gould
Each year in the United States, ∼260,000 people get sick from contaminated fish. Fish is also the most commonly implicated food category in outbreaks. We reviewed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System for outbreaks resulting from consumption of fish during the period 1998-2015. We found 857 outbreaks associated with fish, resulting in 4815 illnesses, 359 hospitalizations, and 4 deaths. The median number of illnesses per outbreak was three (range: 2-425)...
July 6, 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Giacomo Giorli, Whitlow W L Au
A dual frequency identification sonar was used to estimate density and size of potential deep diving odontocetes' prey in deep sea scattering layers in Hawaii. Size distributions data showed a bimodal pattern, with a population of data above the 50 cm of length, possibly big squids, and a population of data below 50 cm, mainly micronekton. The number of animals bigger than 50 cm was correlated with the length of the peak of the frequency distribution. Data suggest that big predators, like squids that constitute prey for beaked, pilot, and sperm whales, are more likely to be found where they have better chance to find micronectonic prey...
June 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Kelsie Green, Mohamad Chikh-Ali, Randall Hamasaki, Michael J Melzer, Alexander Karasev
Poha, or Cape gooseberry (Physalis peruviana L.) is a plant species cultivated in Hawaii for fresh fruit production. In 2015, an outbreak of virus symptoms occurred on poha farms in the South Kohala District of the island of Hawaii. The plants displayed mosaic, stunting, leaf deformation, and produced poor fruit. Initial testing found the problem associated with Potato virus Y (PVY) infection. Six individual PVY isolates, named Poha1 to Poha6, were collected from field-grown poha plants and subjected to biological and molecular characterization...
June 27, 2017: Phytopathology
Robert Cornelia, P Richard Warburton
This study examined the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the US and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8 hour time weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short term exposure limit in a couple of states, Washington and Hawaii...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"