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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166251/risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-in-hawaii
#1
Dongmei Li, Chuan C Chinn, Ritabelle Fernandes, Christina M B Wang, Myra D Smith, Rebecca Rude Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Medicaid is the largest primary health insurance for low-income populations in the United States, and it provides comprehensive benefits to cover treatment and services costs for chronic diseases, including diabetes. The standardized per capita spending on diabetes by Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in the fee-for-service program in Hawaii increased from 2012 to 2015. We examined the difference in odds of diabetes between Medicaid and non-Medicaid populations in major racial/ethnic groups in Hawaii...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163134/geographic-variations-in-the-incidence-of-glioblastoma-and-prognostic-factors-predictive-of-overall-survival-in-us-adults-from-2004-2013
#2
Hao Xu, Junrui Chen, Hongzhi Xu, Zhiyong Qin
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate variations in the regional incidence of glioblastoma in US adults in 2004-2013. Study Design and Setting: We evaluated 24,262 patients with primary glioblastoma. Data were categorized based on geographic regions that included different SEER registry sites as follows: (1) Northeast: Connecticut, New Jersey (3,977 patients); (2) South: Kentucky, Louisiana, Metropolitan Atlanta, Rural Georgia, Greater Georgia (excluding AT and RG) (5,212 patients); (3) North Central: Metropolitan Detroit, Iowa (2,320 patients); (4) West: Hawaii, New Mexico, Seattle (Puget Sound), Utah, San Francisco-Oakland SMSA, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Greater California (excluding SF, LA, and SJ), Alaska (12,753 patients)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153016/whole-root-transcriptomic-analysis-suggests-a-role-for-auxin-pathways-in-resistance-to-ralstonia-solanacearum-in-tomato
#3
Elizabeth French, Bong-Suk Kim, Katherine Rivera-Zuluaga, Anjali Iyer-Pascuzzi
The soilborne pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum is the causal agent of bacterial wilt, and causes significant crop loss in the Solanaceae family. The pathogen first infects roots, which are a critical source of resistance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). Roots of both resistant and susceptible plants are colonized by the pathogen, yet rootstocks can provide significant levels of resistance. Currently, mechanisms of this 'root-mediated resistance' remain largely unknown. To identify the molecular basis of this resistance, we analyzed the genome-wide transcriptional response of roots of resistant (Hawaii 7996) and susceptible (West Virginia700) tomatoes at multiple time points after inoculation with R...
November 20, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151900/examining-factors-associated-with-nonadherence-and-identifying-providers-caring-for-nonadherent-subgroups
#4
Deborah A Taira, Brendan K Seto, James W Davis, Todd B Seto, Doug Landsittel, Wesley K Sumida
Objectives: To examine racial/ethnic and regional differences in medication adherence in patients with diabetes taking oral anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and cholesterol lowering medications and to identify the pharmacies and prescribers who serve these communities. Methods: Administrative claims data was analyzed for members enrolled in a large health plan in Hawaii (2008-2010) with diabetes mellitus who were taking three types of medications: 1) oral anti-diabetic medications; 2) anti-hypertensive medications; 3) cholesterol lowering medications (n=5136)...
December 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148384/moku-virus-in-invasive-asian-hornets-belgium-2016
#5
Mutien Garigliany, Bernard Taminiau, Noëmie El Agrebi, Daniel Cadar, Gautier Gilliaux, Marie Hue, Daniel Desmecht, Georges Daube, Annick Linden, Frédéric Farnir, Michel De Proft, Claude Saegerman
We report the detection of Moku virus in invasive Asian hornets (Vespa velutina nigrithorax) in Belgium. This constitutes an unexpected report of this iflavirus outside Hawaii, USA, where it was recently described in social wasps. Although virulence of Moku virus is unknown, its potential spread raises concern for European honeybee populations.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135952/integrated-pest-management-of-coffee-berry-borer-in-hawaii-and-puerto-rico-current-status-and-prospects
#6
Luis F Aristizábal, Melissa Johnson, Suzanne Shriner, Robert Hollingsworth, Nicholas C Manoukis, Roxana Myers, Paul Bayman, Steven P Arthurs
The coffee berry borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei, is the most significant insect pest of coffee worldwide. Since CBB was detected in Puerto Rico in 2007 and Hawaii in 2010, coffee growers from these islands are facing increased costs, reduced coffee quality, and increased pest management challenges. Here, we outline the CBB situation, and summarize the findings of growers, researchers, and extension professionals working with CBB in Hawaii. Recommendations for the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program for CBB in Hawaiian Islands and Puerto Rico include: (1) establish a CBB monitoring program, (2) synchronize applications of insecticides with peak flight activity of CBB especially during the early coffee season, (3) conduct efficient strip-picking as soon as possible after harvest and perform pre-harvest sanitation picks in CBB hotspots if needed, (4) establish protocols to prevent the escape of CBB from processing areas and when transporting berries during harvest, and (5) stump prune by blocks...
November 14, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135637/triathlon-injuries-transitioning-from-prevalence-to-prediction-and-prevention
#7
Carolyn M Kienstra, Tristen R Asken, Jennifer D Garcia, Vanessa Lara, Thomas M Best
The Ironman triathlon began in Hawaii in 1978 with 50 participants. Since then, the race has continued to grow in popularity. Injuries are very common among triathletes. Studies have looked at the relationship between injuries and many different factors. Sex, age, and morphological characteristics, such as height, weight, and body mass index, have not been shown to correlate with injury. The association between training volume and injury has shown inconsistent results. This could be due to multiple factors in study design including definitions and evaluation of training volume...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128248/adsorption-of-1-2-3-trichloropropane-tcp-to-meet-a-mcl-of-5%C3%A2-ppt
#8
Roger W Babcock, Bryce K Harada, Krishna M Lamichhane, Korey T Tsubota
1,2,3-Trichloropropane (TCP) is a groundwater contaminant in the drinking water aquifers in Hawaii and some other states. Granular activated carbon (GAC) has been used for 30 years to treat approximately 60 million gallons per day of TCP-contaminated groundwater in Hawaii. The State of Hawaii's current maximum contaminant level (MCL) for TCP is 600 ng/L (ppt), and consideration is being given to lower the MCL to 5 ppt. There is no EPA MCL for TCP. A study was conducted to determine if any GAC could meet a 5 ppt MCL for TCP, and if so, how many bedvolumes (BVs) could be treated prior to breakthrough...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127784/social-media-e-cigarette-exposure-and-e-cigarette-expectancies-and-use-among-young-adults
#9
Pallav Pokhrel, Pebbles Fagan, Thaddeus A Herzog, Linnea Laestadius, Wayne Buente, Crissy T Kawamoto, Hye-Ryeon Lee, Jennifer B Unger
A vast majority of U.S. young adults use social media such as Facebook and Instagram daily. Research suggests that young adults are commonly exposed to e-cigarette-related marketing or user-generated content on the social media they use. Currently, however, there is limited empirical evidence as to how social media e-cigarette exposure is associated with e-cigarette use beliefs and behavior. In particular, limited evidence exists to support the proposition that social media e-cigarette exposure is uniquely associated with e-cigarette use, even after adjusting for the effects of e-cigarette use in young adults' in-person or 'offline' social networks...
November 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125252/the-distribution-of-mosquitoes-across-an-altitudinal-gradient-in-the-galapagos-islands
#10
Samoa Asigau, Daniel A Hartman, Jenni M Higashiguchi, Patricia G Parker
An avian malaria parasite (genus Plasmodium) has been detected consistently in the Galapagos Penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) and less frequently in some passerines. We sampled three resident mosquito species (Aedes taeniorhynchus, Culex quinquefasciatus, and Aedes aegypti) using CDC light and gravid traps on three islands in 2012, 2013, and 2014. We sampled along altitudinal gradients to ask whether there are mosquito-free refugia at higher elevations as there are in Hawaii. We captured both Ae. taeniorhynchus and Cx...
December 2017: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121347/race-ethnic-variations-in-quitline-use-among-us-adult-tobacco-users-in-45-states-2011-2013
#11
LaTisha L Marshall, Lei Zhang, Ann M Malarcher, Nathan H Mann, Brian A King, Robert L Alexander
Introduction: State quitlines provide free telephone-based cessation services and are available in all states. However, quitlines presently reach 1% of US cigarette smokers. We assessed variations in quitline reach by race/ethnicity across 45 US states included in the National Quitline Data Warehouse, a repository on non-identifiable data reported by state quitlines. Methods: During 2011 to 2013, we analyzed 1 220 171 records from the National Quitline Data Warehouse...
November 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120826/cancer-in-guam-and-hawaii-a-comparison-of-two-u-s-island-populations
#12
Brenda Y Hernandez, Renata A Bordallo, Michael D Green, Robert L Haddock
BACKGROUND: Cancer disparities within and across populations provide insight into the influence of lifestyle, environment, and genetic factors on cancer risk. METHODS: Guam cancer incidence and mortality were compared to that of Hawaii using data from their respective population-based, central cancer registries. RESULTS: In 2009-2013, overall cancer incidence was substantially lower in Guam than in Hawaii for both sexes while overall cancer mortality was higher for Guam males...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097224/pharmacy-access-to-ulipristal-acetate-in-major-cities-throughout-the-united-states
#13
Maryssa Shigesato, Jennifer Elia, Mary Tschann, Holly Bullock, Eric Hurwitz, Yan Yan Wu, Jennifer Salcedo
OBJECTIVE: Ulipristal acetate (UPA) is a prescription emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). Despite the potential for UPA to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancies, a recent study in Hawaii demonstrated less than 3% of pharmacies stocked UPA and less than 23% reported the ability to order it. The primary outcome of our study was to assess the availability of UPA in a sample of large cities nationwide. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a telephone-based secret shopper study of 533 retail pharmacies sampled proportionally from ten large cities in five geographic regions across the US...
October 30, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073129/receipt-of-selected-preventive-health-services-for-women-and-men-of-reproductive-age-united-states-2011-2013
#14
Karen Pazol, Cheryl L Robbins, Lindsey I Black, Katherine A Ahrens, Kimberly Daniels, Anjani Chandra, Anjel Vahratian, Lorrie E Gavin
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Receipt of key preventive health services among women and men of reproductive age (i.e., 15-44 years) can help them achieve their desired number and spacing of healthy children and improve their overall health. The 2014 publication Providing Quality Family Planning Services: Recommendations of CDC and the U.S. Office of Population Affairs (QFP) establishes standards for providing a core set of preventive services to promote these goals. These services include contraceptive care for persons seeking to prevent or delay pregnancy, pregnancy testing and counseling, basic infertility services for those seeking to achieve pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease (STD) services, and other preconception care and related preventive health services...
October 27, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068611/does-patient-adherence-to-antidepressant-medication-actually-vary-between-physicians
#15
Gregory E Simon, Eric Johnson, Christine Stewart, Rebecca C Rossom, Arne Beck, Karen J Coleman, Beth Waitzfelder, Robert Penfold, Belinda H Operskalski, Susan M Shortreed
OBJECTIVE: Previous research and improvement efforts have presumed that patients' nonadherence to antidepressant medication reflects physicians' quality of care. We used population-based health records to examine whether adherence to antidepressant medication actually varies between prescribing physicians. METHODS: Electronic health records and insurance claims data from 5 integrated health systems in Washington, Idaho, Minnesota, Colorado, Hawaii, and California were used to identify 150,318 adults starting new episodes of antidepressant treatment for depression between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2012...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065464/to-spray-or-not-to-spray-a-decision-analysis-of-coffee-berry-borer-in-hawaii
#16
A John Woodill, Stuart T Nakamoto, Andrea M Kawabata, PingSun Leung
Integrated pest management strategies were adopted to combat the coffee berry borer (CBB) after its arrival in Hawaii in 2010. A decision tree framework is used to model the CBB integrated pest management recommendations, for potential use by growers and to assist in developing and evaluating management strategies and policies. The model focuses on pesticide spraying (spray/no spray) as the most significant pest management decision within each period over the entire crop season. The main result from the analysis suggests the most important parameter to maximize net benefit is to ensure a low initial infestation level...
October 21, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061450/the-history-of-neurosurgery-in-the-hawaiian-islands
#17
REVIEW
Christian Swinney, William Obana
The field of neurosurgery has a rich and fascinating history. The development of the specialty in Hawaii has been particularly unique, given the state's remote location, indigenous population, and military presence. The life of Dr. Cloward, Hawaii's most noted neurosurgeon, has received some attention in the literature. However, a comprehensive review of this history, including the pre-Cloward and post-Cloward era, is lacking. Thus, this article will review and chronicle the development of neurosurgery in Hawaii with special attention to three topics: the traveling neurosurgeons of the early 20th century, such as Dr...
October 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056579/state-by-state-variation-in-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-trends-following-the-2011-united-states-preventive-services-task-force-panel-update
#18
Malte W Vetterlein, Deepansh Dalela, Jesse D Sammon, Patrick Karabon, Akshay Sood, Tarun Jindal, Christian P Meyer, Björn Löppenberg, Maxine Sun, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Mani Menon, Firas Abdollah
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate state-by-state trends in prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-screening prevalence after the 2011 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation against this practice. METHODS: We included 222,475 men that responded to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2012 and 2014 surveys, corresponding to early and late post-USPSTF populations. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of PSA-screening and to calculate the adjusted and weighted state-by-state PSA-screening prevalence and respective relative percent changes between 2012 and 2014...
October 19, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054117/assessing-global-range-expansion-in-a-cryptic-species-complex-insights-from-the-red-seaweed-genus-asparagopsis-florideophyceae
#19
Marianela Zanolla, María Altamirano, Raquel Carmona, Julio De la Rosa, Virginia Souza-Egipsy, Alison Sherwood, Konstantinos Tsiamis, Ana Márcia Barbosa, Antonio Román Muñoz, Nikos Andreakis
The mitochondrial genetic diversity, distribution and invasive potential of multiple cryptic operational taxonomic units (OTUs) of the red invasive seaweed Asparagopsis were assessed by studying introduced Mediterranean and Hawaiian populations. Invasive behavior of each Asparagopsis OTU was inferred from phylogeographic reconstructions, past historical demographic dynamics, recent range expansion assessments and future distributional predictions obtained from demographic models. Genealogical networks resolved Asparagopsis gametophytes and tetrasporophytes into four A...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048562/fragaria-vesca-constans-controls-photoperiodic-flowering-and-vegetative-development
#20
Takeshi Kurokura, Samia Samad, Elli Koskela, Katriina Mouhu, Timo Hytönen
According to the external coincidence model, photoperiodic flowering occurs when CONSTANS (CO) mRNA expression coincides with light in the afternoon of long days (LDs), leading to the activation of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). CO has evolved in Brassicaceae from other Group Ia CO-like (COL) proteins which do not control photoperiodic flowering in Arabidopsis. COLs in other species have evolved different functions as floral activators or even as repressors. To understand photoperiodic development in the perennial rosaceous model species woodland strawberry, we functionally characterized FvCO, the only Group Ia COL in its genome...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
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