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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347864/dense-breast-notification-laws-impact-on-downstream-imaging-after-screening-mammography
#1
Michal Horný, Alan B Cohen, Richard Duszak, Cindy L Christiansen, Michael Shwartz, James F Burgess
Dense breast tissue is a common finding that decreases the sensitivity of mammography in detecting cancer. Many states have recently enacted dense breast notification (DBN) laws to provide patients with information to help them make better-informed decisions about their health. To test whether DBN legislation affected the probability of screening mammography follow-up by ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we examined the proportion of times screening mammography was followed by ultrasound or MRI for a series of months pre- and post-legislation...
January 1, 2018: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332675/sleep-duration-and-incidence-of-type-2-diabetes-the-multiethnic-cohort
#2
Gertraud Maskarinec, Simone Jacobs, Yvette Amshoff, Veronica W Setiawan, Yurii B Shvetsov, Adrian A Franke, Laurence N Kolonel, Christopher A Haiman, Loïc Le Marchand
OBJECTIVES: As an emerging risk factor for the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes, we examined sleep duration in relation to type 2 diabetes and several biomarkers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort recruited 1993-1996. SETTING: The Multiethnic Cohort in Hawaii and California. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 151,691 White, African American, Japanese American, Native Hawaiian, and Latino participants; 9695 cohort members had biomarker measurements...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330539/missing-value-imputation-approach-for-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolomics-data
#3
Runmin Wei, Jingye Wang, Mingming Su, Erik Jia, Shaoqiu Chen, Tianlu Chen, Yan Ni
Missing values exist widely in mass-spectrometry (MS) based metabolomics data. Various methods have been applied for handling missing values, but the selection can significantly affect following data analyses. Typically, there are three types of missing values, missing not at random (MNAR), missing at random (MAR), and missing completely at random (MCAR). Our study comprehensively compared eight imputation methods (zero, half minimum (HM), mean, median, random forest (RF), singular value decomposition (SVD), k-nearest neighbors (kNN), and quantile regression imputation of left-censored data (QRILC)) for different types of missing values using four metabolomics datasets...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321861/low-interannual-precipitation-has-a-greater-negative-effect-than-seedling-herbivory-on-the-population-dynamics-of-a-short-lived-shrub-schiedea-obovata
#4
Lalasia Bialic-Murphy, Orou G Gaoue
Climate projections forecast more extreme interannual climate variability over time, with an increase in the severity and duration of extreme drought and rainfall events. Based on bioclimatic envelope models, it is projected that changing precipitation patterns will drastically alter the spatial distributions and density of plants and be a primary driver of biodiversity loss. However, many other underlying mechanisms can impact plant vital rates (i.e., survival, growth, and reproduction) and population dynamics...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321624/strong-trans-pacific-break-and-local-conservation-units-in-the-galapagos-shark-carcharhinus-galapagensis-revealed-by-genome-wide-cytonuclear-markers
#5
Diana A Pazmiño, Gregory E Maes, Madeline E Green, Colin A Simpfendorfer, E Mauricio Hoyos-Padilla, Clinton J A Duffy, Carl G Meyer, Sven E Kerwath, Pelayo Salinas-de-León, Lynne van Herwerden
The application of genome-wide cytonuclear molecular data to identify management and adaptive units at various spatio-temporal levels is particularly important for overharvested large predatory organisms, often characterized by smaller, localized populations. Despite being "near threatened", current understanding of habitat use and population structure of Carcharhinus galapagensis is limited to specific areas within its distribution. We evaluated population structure and connectivity across the Pacific Ocean using genome-wide single-nucleotide polymorphisms (~7200 SNPs) and mitochondrial control region sequences (945 bp) for 229 individuals...
January 11, 2018: Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306397/pentaplacodinium-saltonense-gen-et-sp-nov-dinophyceae-and-its-relationship-to-the-cyst-defined-genus-operculodinium-and-yessotoxin-producing-protoceratium-reticulatum
#6
Kenneth Neil Mertens, M Consuelo Carbonell-Moore, Vera Pospelova, Martin J Head, Andrea Highfield, Declan Schroeder, Haifeng Gu, Karl B Andree, Margarita Fernandez, Aika Yamaguchi, Yoshihito Takano, Kazumi Matsuoka, Elisabeth Nézan, Gwenael Bilien, Yuri Okolodkov, Kazuhiko Koike, Mona Hoppenrath, Maya Pfaff, Grant Pitcher, Abdulrahman Al-Muftah, André Rochon, Po Teen Lim, Chui Pin Leaw, Zhen Fei Lim, Marianne Ellegaard
Strains of a dinoflagellate from the Salton Sea, previously identified as Protoceratium reticulatum and yessotoxin producing, have been reexamined morphologically and genetically and Pentaplacodinium saltonense n. gen. et sp. is erected to accommodate this species. Pentaplacodinium saltonense differs from Protoceratium reticulatum (Claparède et Lachmann 1859) Bütschli 1885 in the number of precingular plates (five vs. six), cingular displacement (two widths vs. one), and distinct cyst morphology. Incubation experiments (excystment and encystment) show that the resting cyst of Pentaplacodinium saltonense is morphologically most similar to the cyst-defined species Operculodinium israelianum (Rossignol, 1962) Wall (1967) and O...
January 2018: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305529/geographic-variation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-participation-in-medicare-and-veterans-affairs-populations-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#7
Alexis L Beatty, Michael Truong, David W Schopfer, Hui Shen, Justin M Bachmann, Mary A Whooley
Background -Cardiac rehabilitation is strongly recommended after myocardial infarction (MI), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), but is historically underused. We sought to evaluate variation in cardiac rehabilitation participation across the United States. Methods -From administrative data from the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system and a 5% Medicare sample, we used ICD-9 codes to identify patients hospitalized for MI, PCI, or CABG from 2007-2011. After excluding patients who died within 30 days of hospitalization, we calculated the percent of patients who participated in one or more outpatient visits for cardiac rehabilitation during the 12 months after hospitalization...
January 5, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301542/monitoring-of-poyang-lake-water-for-sewage-contamination-using-human-enteric-viruses-as-an-indicator
#8
Hui Zhu, Fang Yuan, Zhaokang Yuan, Rong Liu, Fei Xie, Ling Huang, Xiaojun Liu, Xiaoqing Jiang, Jian Wang, Qunying Xu, Zhiqiang Shen, Donghan Liu, Ronghao Zhang, Yuanan Lu
BACKGROUND: Recreational water contaminated with fecal pollution poses a great public health concern, as fecal waste may cause serious waterborne illnesses. Current recreational water standards using fecal indicator bacteria (FIB) have their limitations for human protection especially in developing countries such as China. METHODS: To explore the potential use of enteric viruses as a potential indicator of fecal contamination, four viruses: norovirus geno-groups I and II, enteroviruses, and adenoviruses were tested in this study using molecular detection methods and sensitive RT-PC developed in the University of Hawaii...
January 5, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299274/cryptic-genetic-variation-in-an-inbreeding-and-cosmopolitan-pest-xylosandrus-crassiusculus-revealed-using-ddradseq
#9
Caroline Storer, Adam Payton, Stuart McDaniel, Bjarte Jordal, Jiri Hulcr
Each year new exotic species are transported across the world through global commerce, causing considerable economic and ecological damage. An important component of managing invasion pathways is to identify source populations. Some of the most widespread exotic species are haplodiploid ambrosia beetles. The ability to mate with siblings (inbreed) and their transportable food source (symbiotic fungus) have enabled them to colonize most of the world and become pests of plant nurseries, lumber, and forests. One of the fastest spreading ambrosia beetles is Xylosandrus crassiusculus...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286278/the-2017-seventh-world-congress-of-paediatric-cardiology-and-cardiac-surgery-the-olympics-of-our-profession
#10
Mitchell I Cohen, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Sertac Cicek
The 1st World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology was held in London, United Kingdom, in 1980, organised by Dr Jane Somerville and Prof. Fergus Macartney. The idea was that of Jane Somerville, who worked with enormous energy and enthusiasm to bring together paediatric cardiologists and surgeons from around the world. The 2nd World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology took place in New York in 1985, organised by Bill Rashkind, Mary Ellen Engle, and Eugene Doyle. The 3rd World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology was held in Bangkok, Thailand, in 1989, organised by Chompol Vongraprateep...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286228/effects-of-damnacanthal-and-nordamnacanthal-on-proliferation-apoptosis-and-migration-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells
#11
Gohar Shaghayegh, Aied M Alabsi, Rola Ali-Saeed, Abdul Manaf Ali, Vui King Vincent-Chong, Nor Hadiani Ismail, Y F Choon, Rosnah Binti Zain
Cancer is one of the most common causes of death in the developed world, with one-third of people diagnosed with cancer during their lifetime. Oral cancer commonly occurs involving the buccal mucosa (cheeks), tongue, floor of the mouth and lip. It is one of the most devastating and disfiguring of malignancies. Morinda citrifolia L., commonly known as ‘noni’, belongs to the Rubiaceae family. It is native to the Pacific islands, Hawaii, Caribbean, Asia and Australia. The plant displays broad curative effects in pharmacological studies...
December 29, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277099/financial-incentives-for-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-diabetes-lessons-learned-from-hi-praise-an-observational-study-and-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ritabelle Fernandes, Chuan C Chinn, Dongmei Li, Timothy Halliday, Timothy B Frankland, Christina M B Wang, Zi Wang, Misha Morioka, Robin G Arndt, Rebecca Rude Ozaki
PURPOSE: The Hawaii Patient Reward and Incentives to Support Empowerment (HI-PRAISE) project examined the impact of financial incentives on Medicaid beneficiaries with diabetes. DESIGN: Observational pre-post study and randomized controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) and Hawaii Kaiser Permanente. PARTICIPANTS: The observational study included 2003 Medicaid beneficiaries with diabetes from FQHCs...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241156/incidence-of-cutaneous-malignant-melanoma-in-iranian-provinces-and-american-states-matched-on-ultraviolet-radiation-exposure-an-ecologic-study
#13
Roxana Moslehi, Nur Zeinomar, Francis P Boscoe
OBJECTIVES: Ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with UVB and UVA as the relevant components, is a risk factor for melanoma. Complete ascertainment and registration of melanoma in Iran was conducted in five provinces (Ardabil, Golestan, Mazandaran, Gilan and Kerman) during 1996-2000. The aim of our study was to compare population-based incidence data from these provinces with rates in the United States (US) while standardizing ambient UVR. METHODS: Population-based rates representing all incident cases of melanoma (1996-2000) across the five Iranian provinces were compared to rates of melanoma among white non-Hispanics in the US...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236614/depression-among-older-japanese-americans-the-impact-of-functional-adl-iadl-and-cognitive-status
#14
Bum Jung Kim, Lin Liu, Susan Nakaoka, Sumi Jang, Colette Browne
PURPOSE: The objective of this article is to investigate the relationship between activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, and depression among Japanese American elders. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 207 older Japanese Americans (68 years and older) was conducted in Los Angeles, California and Honolulu, Hawaii. Independent variables included activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, and cognitive functioning...
December 13, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206219/long-term-monitoring-of-coral-reef-fish-assemblages-in-the-western-central-pacific
#15
Adel Heenan, Ivor D Williams, Tomoko Acoba, Annette DesRochers, Randall K Kosaki, Troy Kanemura, Marc O Nadon, Russell E Brainard
Throughout the tropics, coral reef ecosystems, which are critically important to people, have been greatly altered by humans. Differentiating human impacts from natural drivers of ecosystem state is essential to effective management. Here we present a dataset from a large-scale monitoring program that surveys coral reef fish assemblages and habitats encompassing the bulk of the US-affiliated tropical Pacific, and spanning wide gradients in both natural drivers and human impact. Currently, this includes >5,500 surveys from 39 islands and atolls in Hawaii (including the main and Northwestern Hawaiian Islands) and affiliated geo-political regions of American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the Pacific Remote Islands Areas...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186466/suppression-of-mediterranean-fruit-fly-diptera-tephritidae-with-trimedlure-and-biolure-dispensers-in-coffea-arabica-gentianales-rubiaceae-in-hawaii
#16
Roger I Vargas, Steven K Souder, Pedro Rendon, Bruce Mackey
To assess the potential to suppress Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann; Diptera: Tephritidae), via mass trapping with Trimedlure (TML), we compared fly catch (as catch per trap per time period) provided by either a novel, solid, triple-lure dispenser with TML, methyl eugenol (ME), and raspberry ketone (RK) (TMR) or solid TML plugs, both without insecticides, in addition to Biolure bait stations. Work was done in a coffee plantation that had a dense C. capitata population. Three treatments were compared: 1) TMR or TML (50 traps per ha), 2) Biolure (50 traps per ha), 3) TML (25 per ha) or TMR (25 per ha) + Biolure (25 per ha), and 4) an untreated control...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#17
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175033/evidence-of-varroa-mediated-deformed-wing-virus-spillover-in-hawaii
#18
Jessika Santamaria, Ethel M Villalobos, Laura E Brettell, Scott Nikaido, Jason R Graham, Stephen Martin
Varroa destructor, a parasitic mite of honey bees, is also a vector for viral diseases. The mite displays high host specificity and requires access to colonies of Apis spp. to complete its lifecycle. In contrast, the Deformed Wing Virus (DWV), one of the many viruses transmitted by V. destructor, appears to have a much broader host range. Previous studies have detected DWV in a variety of insect groups that are not directly parasitized by the mite. In this study, we take advantage of the discrete distribution of the Varroa mite in the Hawaiian archipelago to compare DWV prevalence on non-Apis flower visitors, and test whether Varroa presence is linked to a "viral spillover"...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166251/risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-in-hawaii
#19
Dongmei Li, Chuan C Chinn, Ritabelle Fernandes, Christina M B Wang, Myra D Smith, Rebecca Rude Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Medicaid is the largest primary health insurance for low-income populations in the United States, and it provides comprehensive benefits to cover treatment and services costs for chronic diseases, including diabetes. The standardized per capita spending on diabetes by Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in the fee-for-service program in Hawaii increased from 2012 to 2015. We examined the difference in odds of diabetes between Medicaid and non-Medicaid populations in major racial/ethnic groups in Hawaii...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163134/geographic-variations-in-the-incidence-of-glioblastoma-and-prognostic-factors-predictive-of-overall-survival-in-us-adults-from-2004-2013
#20
Hao Xu, Junrui Chen, Hongzhi Xu, Zhiyong Qin
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate variations in the regional incidence of glioblastoma in US adults in 2004-2013. Study Design and Setting: We evaluated 24,262 patients with primary glioblastoma. Data were categorized based on geographic regions that included different SEER registry sites as follows: (1) Northeast: Connecticut, New Jersey (3,977 patients); (2) South: Kentucky, Louisiana, Metropolitan Atlanta, Rural Georgia, Greater Georgia (excluding AT and RG) (5,212 patients); (3) North Central: Metropolitan Detroit, Iowa (2,320 patients); (4) West: Hawaii, New Mexico, Seattle (Puget Sound), Utah, San Francisco-Oakland SMSA, San Jose-Monterey, Los Angeles, Greater California (excluding SF, LA, and SJ), Alaska (12,753 patients)...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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