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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734322/association-between-childhood-to-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptom-trajectories-and-late-adolescent-disordered-eating
#1
Zeynep Yilmaz, Kristin N Javaras, Jessica H Baker, Laura M Thornton, Paul Lichtenstein, Cynthia M Bulik, Henrik Larsson
PURPOSE: Disordered eating is more prevalent among adolescents with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Both inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms show strong associations with disordered eating, but few investigations of these associations have been longitudinal. Thus, we examined the effect of childhood to adolescent inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories on late adolescent disordered eating. METHODS: We used growth mixture modeling to identify distinct inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptom trajectories (called "classes") across three time points (ages 8-9, 13-14, and 16-17 years) in the Swedish Twin study of CHild and Adolescent Development...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734319/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-disordered-eating
#2
EDITORIAL
Terrill Bravender
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733894/risk-and-maintenance-factors-for-young-women-s-dsm-5-eating-disorders
#3
Antonios Dakanalis, Massimo Clerici, Francesco Bartoli, Manuela Caslini, Cristina Crocamo, Giuseppe Riva, Giuseppe Carrà
Recent research with young women attending colleges, who are at the average age of eating disorder (ED) onset, established that the ED symptoms are not only prevalent but also relatively stable over the college period. Nonetheless, our knowledge regarding the course and modifiable factors associated with both the onset and maintenance of diagnosable (DSM-5) EDs in this population is limited. The objective of this report was to address these key research gaps. Data were examined from 2713 women who completed assessments of potential vulnerability factors and EDs in the autumn semester of the first (baseline) and fourth (follow-up) college years...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731336/triple-reuptake-inhibitors-as-potential-therapeutics-for-depression-and-other-disorders-design-paradigm-and-developmental-challenges
#4
Murugaiah A M Subbaiah
Although first-line antidepressants offer therapeutic benefit, about 35% of depressed patients are not adequately treated, creating a large unmet medical need. These medicines mostly enhance the synaptic levels of serotonin and/or norepinephrine. Evidence from preclinical and clinical studies implicate dopamine hypofunction in the pathophysiology of depression. Triple reuptake inhibitors (TRIs), which elevate dopamine in addition to serotonin and norepinephrine, may demonstrate greater efficacy, with the reversal of anhedonia and improved tolerability...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730557/extrinsic-religious-orientation-and-disordered-eating-pathology-among-modern-orthodox-israeli-adolescents-the-mediating-role-of-adherence-to-the-superwoman-ideal-and-body-dissatisfaction
#5
Sarah L Weinberger-Litman, Yael Latzer, Leib Litman, Rachel Ozick
The role of religious and spiritual factors has been recognized with regard to risk factors for disordered eating pathology (DEP). Specifically, religious orientation, or underlying religious motivation, has been associated with DEP among a variety of religious groups. Extrinsic religious orientation has consistently been found to be associated with increased levels of DEP among Christians and Jews in the USA. However, this paradigm has not been investigated cross-culturally. The current study is the first to examine the association of extrinsic religious orientation and DEP among Modern Orthodox Israeli adolescents...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730506/hiatus-hernia-as-a-cause-of-dysphagia
#6
REVIEW
Hamish Philpott, Rami Sweis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to discuss the putative relationship between hiatus hernia and dysphagia. RECENT FINDINGS: Proposed mechanisms of dysphagia in patients with hiatus hernia are usually difficult to identify, but recent advances in technology (high-resolution manometry with or without concomitant impedance, ambulatory pH with impedance, videofluoroscopy, and the endoluminal functional lumen imaging probe (EndoFLIP)) and methodology (inclusion of swallows of various consistencies and volumes or shifting position during the manometry protocol) can help induce symptoms and identify the underlying disorder...
August 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727947/definitions-and-clinical-guidance-on-the-enteral-dependence-component-of-the-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-diagnostic-criteria-in-children
#7
Terence Michael Dovey, Markus Wilken, Clarissa Isabel Martin, Caroline Meyer
The aim of the current article is to offer definitive guidance on weaning children who are reliant on nasogastric/gastrostomy feeding tubes. To date, no internationally recognized definitions or principles for interventions exist, and clinics have been reliant on creating their own unique intervention criteria. To achieve the aim, 2 goals are set out within the current article. The first goal was to definitively define the process of tube weaning. To achieve this, both tube dependency and oral eating also required definitions...
July 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726480/from-efficacy-to-effectiveness-to-broad-implementation-evolution-of-the-body-project
#8
Carolyn B Becker, Eric Stice
OBJECTIVE: At the turn of the millennium, eating disorders (EDs) prevention was largely nonexistent. No program had reduced future onset of EDs in even a single trial, and most had not reduced ED symptoms. Sixteen years later, the ED prevention field has translated basic risk factor research into interventions, with demonstrated efficacy and effectiveness in reducing ED risk factors and symptoms, as well as future ED onset in some trials. This article reviews the aforementioned progress focusing on a model intervention (i...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725425/letter-to-the-editor-health-professionals-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-eating-disorders-who-do-we-think-they-are
#9
Deborah Lynn Reas, Kjersti Solhaug Gulliksen, Johanna Levallius, Rasmus Isomaa
Health professionals are not immune to stigmatizing attitudes and stereotypes found in society-at-large. Along with patients and their loved ones, treatment providers are important stakeholders - and gatekeepers - in the successful delivery of mental healthcare. Prevailing attitudes among professionals can facilitate timely recognition, enable access to care and uptake of evidence-based practices, or undermine help-seeking and therapeutic engagement. At an interactive activity at the 2016 Nordic Eating Disorders Society (NEDS) meeting, we asked health professionals to describe individuals with eating disorders...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724422/assessment-of-eating-disorders-with-the-diabetes-eating-problems-survey-revised-deps-r-in-a-representative-sample-of-insulin-treated-diabetic-patients-a-validation-study-in-italy
#10
Federica Pinna, Enrica Diana, Lucia Sanna, Valeria Deiana, Mirko Manchia, Eraldo Nicotra, Andrea Fiorillo, Umberto Albert, Alessandra Nivoli, Umberto Volpe, Anna Rita Atti, Silvia Ferrari, Federica Medda, Maria Gloria Atzeni, Daniela Manca, Elisa Mascia, Fernando Farci, Mariangela Ghiani, Rossella Cau, Marta Tuveri, Efisio Cossu, Elena Loy, Alessandra Mereu, Stefano Mariotti, Bernardo Carpiniello
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate in a sample of insulin-treated diabetic patients, with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, the psychometric characteristics of the Italian version of the DEPS-R scale, a diabetes-specific self-report questionnaire used to analyze disordered eating behaviors. METHODS: The study was performed on 211 consecutive insulin-treated diabetic patients attending two specialist centers. Lifetime prevalence of eating disorders (EDs) according to DSM-IV and DSM-5 criteria were assessed by means of the Module H of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Axis I Disorder and the Module H modified, according to DSM-5 criteria...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723611/parent-reported-nutritional-risk-and-laboratory-indices-of-cardiometabolic-risk-and-in-preschool-aged-children
#11
Navindra Persaud, Hedyeh Ziai, Gerald Lebovic, Jonathon L Maguire, Marina Khovratovich, Janis A Randall Simpson, Khosrow Adeli, Jill Hamilton, Brian W McCrindle, Patricia C Parkin, Catherine S Birken
BACKGROUND: Eating habits formed during childhood may contribute to the increasing prevalence of cardiometabolic disorders. Assessing nutritional risk in young children may help to prevent later cardiometabolic disease. The objective of this study was to determine whether parent-reported nutritional risk in preschool-aged children was associated with laboratory indices of cardiometabolic risk, namely leptin and insulin. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the relationship between nutritional risk as determined by the parent-completed NutriSTEP® questionnaire was assessed and compared to the serum leptin and insulin concentrations, hormones involved in regulation of food intake and biomarkers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721706/-eating-disorder-and-food-addiction-in-a-population-candidates-for-a-bariatric-surgery
#12
Leïla Boulanouar, Loïc Locatelli, Vania Meuli, Zoltan Pataky, Alain Golay
Non stabilized severe eating disorder is a contra-indication for bariatric surgery. Specific cares can stabilize this disorder, and therefore a surgery can be undertaken. In this respect, more and more attention is paid to the concept of food addiction even if its definition is still debated. Some authors, according to neurobiological data, consider food addiction as independent from eating disorder, but others see food addiction as a severe sub-type of eating disorder. To contribute to this debate, we performed a study in our department including 23 subjects candidates for a bariatric surgery and found a significant association between food addiction and eating disorder, independently of the body mass index...
March 22, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719580/central-insulin-modulates-food-valuation-via-mesolimbic-pathways
#13
Lena J Tiedemann, Sebastian M Schmid, Judith Hettel, Katrin Giesen, Paul Francke, Christian Büchel, Stefanie Brassen
Central insulin is thought to act at the neural interface between metabolic and hedonic drives to eat. Here, using pharmacological fMRI, we show that intranasal insulin (INI) changes the value of food cues through modulation of mesolimbic pathways. Overnight fasted participants rated the palatability of food pictures and attractiveness of non-food items (control) after receiving INI or placebo. We report that INI reduces ratings of food palatability and value signals in mesolimbic regions in individuals with normal insulin sensitivity...
July 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719083/subtypes-of-personality-and-locus-of-control-in-bariatric-patients-and-their-effect-on-weight-loss-eating-disorder-and-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#14
Carolin Peterhänsel, Katja Linde, Birgit Wagner, Arne Dietrich, Anette Kersting
The present study subdivided personality types in a bariatric sample and investigated their impact on weight loss and psychopathology 6 and 12 months after surgery. One hundred thirty participants answered questionnaires on personality (NEO-FFI), 'locus of control' (IPC), depression severity (BDI-II), eating disorder psychopathology (EDE-Q), and health-related quality of life (HRQoL; SF-12). K-means cluster analyses were used to identify subtypes. Two subtypes emerged: an 'emotionally dysregulated/undercontrolled' cluster defined by high neuroticism and external orientation and a 'resilient/high functioning' cluster with the reverse pattern...
July 18, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718871/-brief-instruments-in-german-for-the-assessment-of-disordered-eating
#15
Felicitas Richter, Bernhard Strauß, Uwe Berger
The development of brief instruments is an important area in the clinical and psychological assessment in the past years. Brief instruments reveal many advantages due to their efficiency and shortness for the users. However, the psychometric standards of development and validation were often neglected during the construction of short forms. The current overview presents 6 brief instruments for the assessment of disordered eating and eating disorders in German: Eating Attitudes Test 8 (EAT-8), Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire 8 (EDE-Q8) and the child version (ChEDE-Q8), ICD-10-Symptom-Rating subscale eating disorders (ISR-E), SCOFF questionnaire, and Short Evaluation of Eating Disorders (SEED)...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718830/exploring-relationships-between-recurrent-binge-eating-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-non-clinical-sample-of-women-over-two-years
#16
Henry Kewen Lu, Haider Mannan, Phillipa Hay
(1) Background: With the new edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5), numerous parallels have been drawn between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and substance use disorders, with many authors examining RBE or binge eating disorder (BED) as a "food addiction". The present study aims to clarify the relationship between recurrent binge eating (RBE) and illicit substance use (ISU) through investigating the temporal association between the two problems. (2) Methods: This study was embedded within a larger longitudinal study of non-clinical adult women recruited from Australian tertiary institutions...
July 18, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717972/characteristics-of-patients-in-an-eating-disorder-sample-who-dropped-out-2-year-follow-up
#17
Andrés Gómez Del Barrio, María Yolanda Vellisca Gonzalez, Jana González Gómez, José Ignacio Latorre Marín, Laura Carral-Fernández, Santos Orejudo Hernandez, Inés Madrazo Río-Hortega, Laura Moreno Malfaz
OBJECTIVE: This manuscript explores the characteristics of individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder who dropped out of treatment, compared with those who completed it. METHOD: The participants were 196 patients diagnosed with eating disorders (according to DSM-IV-TR criteria) who consecutively began treatment for the first time in an eating disorders unit. They were assessed at baseline with a set of questionnaires evaluating eating habits, temperament, and general psychopathology...
July 17, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716772/chewing-induced-facial-dystonia-a-rare-presentation-of-task-specific-dystonia
#18
Chandramohan Sharma, Banshi Lal Kumawat, Ankur Garg, Kaushik Kumar Rana
This case is an addition to scarce literature available for a rare condition, chewing-induced task-specific dystonia. The patient was a 63-year-old woman who presented with a 4-year history of progressive difficulty in eating food only during chewing associated with abnormal facial grimaces without any difficulty in drinking, swallowing, speaking or singing. Examination revealed dystonia of facial muscles every time she chewed but absent during drinking and speaking. As movements were consistent and reproducible with the specific task, other differential diagnosis like motor tics, psychogenic disorder, tardive dystonia and parkinsonism syndrome were excluded leading to a diagnosis of task-specific facial dystonia triggered by chewing...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716608/opioidergic-and-dopaminergic-modulation-of-cost-benefit-decision-making-in-long-evans-rats
#19
Ileana Morales, Paul J Currie, Timothy D Hackenberg, Raúl Pastor
Eating disorders are associated with impaired decision-making and dysfunctional reward-related neurochemistry. The present study examined the potential contributions of dopamine and opioid signaling to these processes using two different decision-making tasks. In one task, Long Evans Rats chose between working for a preferred food (high-carbohydrate banana-flavored sucrose pellets) by lever pressing on a progressive-ratio schedule of reinforcement vs. obtaining less preferred laboratory chow that was concurrently available...
July 14, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714581/psychometric-evaluation-and-norms-for-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness-maia-in-a-clinical-eating-disorders-sample
#20
Tiffany A Brown, Laura A Berner, Michelle D Jones, Erin E Reilly, Anne Cusack, Leslie K Anderson, Walter H Kaye, Christina E Wierenga
Altered interoceptive awareness (IA) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of eating disorders; however, few comprehensive self-report measures of IA exist in eating disorders. The present study sought to validate the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), originally developed to assess IA in individuals practicing mind-body therapies, in an eating disorder sample. Adult and adolescent patients (n = 376) completed assessments upon admission to a partial hospital programme. Analyses examined the factor structure of the MAIA, scale means, scale-scale correlations, internal consistency and construct validity...
July 17, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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