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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531300/anosmia-a-clinical-review
#1
Sanne Boesveldt, Elbrich M Postma, Duncan Boak, Antje Welge-Luessen, Veronika Schöpf, Joel D Mainland, Jeffrey Martens, John Ngai, Valerie B Duffy
Anosmia and hyposmia, the inability or decreased ability to smell, is estimated to afflict 3-20% of the population. Risk of olfactory dysfunction increases with old age and may also result from chronic sinonasal diseases, severe head trauma, and upper respiratory infections, or neurodegenerative diseases. These disorders impair the ability to sense warning odors in foods and the environment, as well as hinder the quality of life related to social interactions, eating, and feelings of well-being. This article reports and extends on a clinical update commencing at the 2016 Association for Chemoreception Sciences annual meeting...
May 22, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#2
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529018/effects-of-anandamide-administration-on-components-of-reward-processing-during-free-choice
#3
Luke C Zona, Benjamin R Fry, Jacob A LaLonde, Howard C Cromwell
Previous research has implicated the positive modulation of anandamide, an endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, on feeding behavior. Anandamide is particularly noteworthy as it acts as an endogenous ligand of the CB1 receptor, the same receptor that is activated by tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive component in Cannabis sativa. Cannabis legalization in North America has presented with a need to study endocannabinoid agonists and their effects on behavior. Much has yet to be determined in terms of the role of the endocannabinoid system in decision-making scenarios...
May 18, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527301/exploration-of-dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Victoria Coathup, Lesley Smith, Mary Boulton
BACKGROUND: fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is a term used to describe a range of physical, cognitive and behavioural deficits in the offspring of women who drank alcohol during pregnancy. A growing body of evidence suggests alcohol consumption in the presence of poor maternal nutrition may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: to investigate relationships between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption, and explore which factors influence women's decisions about what to eat and drink during pregnancy...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527175/chorea-and-orofaciolingual-dystonia-in-a-40-year-old-male
#5
Lulup Kumar Sahoo, Kali Prasanna Swain, Ashok Kumar Mallick, Geeta Mohanty, Maheswar Samanta, Srikanta Kumar Sahoo
Neuroacanthocytosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders which result in progressive neurodegeneration, predominantly of the basal ganglia, and erythrocyte acanthocytosis. We report a case of neuroacanthocytosis with typical phenotype of choreoacanthocytosis. A 40 year male presented with features of chorea with orofaciolingual dystonia producing eating and speech difficulties. There were features of self mutilation in form of lip and tongue biting. Peripheral blood smear examination revealed acanthocytes in our patient...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526993/microvascular-complications-associated-with-rapid-improvements-in-glycemic-control-in-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Christopher H Gibbons, Ann Goebel-Fabbri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Aggressive glycemic control has become the standard clinical approach to diabetes care. Unintended consequences have included the development of microvascular complications that are related to the rapidity of glycemic improvement. RECENT FINDINGS: Diabetic neuropathy may develop in up to 10% of individuals secondary to aggressive glycemic control. The neuropathy is predominantly small fiber sensory and autonomic, and the severity of the neuropathy is tied to the change in the glycosylated hemoglobin A1C...
July 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523542/eating-disorders-and-epigenetics
#8
Lea Thaler, Howard Steiger
Eating disorders (EDs) are characterized by intense preoccupation with shape and weight and maladaptive eating practices. The complex of symptoms that characterize EDs often arise through the activation of latent genetic potentials by environmental exposures, and epigenetic mechanisms are believed to link environmental exposures to gene expression. This chapter provides an overview of genetic factors acting in the etiology of EDs. It then provides a background to the hypothesis that epigenetic mechanisms link stresses such as obstetric complications and childhood abuse as well as effects of malnutrition to eating disorders (EDs)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523048/what-to-eat-for-a-better-sleep-in-haemodialysis-patients-potential-role-of-b-vitamins-intake-and-appetite
#9
Dilek Ongan, Aysun Yuksel
OBJECTIVE: Sleeping disorders are common among Haemodialysis-HD patients. In addition to well-known factors, food consumption impact on sleep quality needs being discovered. Aim was to examine the nutrition-related factors that may influence sleep quality in HD patients. METHODS: One hundred and three patients in three HD centres participated. Data were collected with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index-PSQI and Questionnaire Form about socio-demographic characteristics and appetite...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521537/fifty-years-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-other-eating-disorders-in-the-australian-new-zealand-journal-of-psychiatry
#10
Phillipa Hay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520584/eating-disorders-and-bone-metabolism-in-women
#11
Lauren Robinson, Nadia Micali, Madhusmita Misra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Eating Disorders are psychiatric disorders associated with a high risk for low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures. Low BMD is a consequence of undernutrition, changes in body composition, and hormonal alterations. This review summarizes recent findings regarding novel strategies for assessing bone outcomes in patients with eating disorders, factors contributing to altered bone metabolism, and possible therapeutic strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Emerging research in this field suggests that not only anorexia nervosa, but also bulimia nervosa results in lower BMD compared to controls...
May 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515838/passion-for-academics-and-problematic-health-behaviors
#12
Alexander T Bureau, Selen Razon, Bryan K Saville, Umit Tokac, Lawrence W Judge
According to the Dualistic Model of Passion (39), passion entails valuing, liking, and spending time on an activity. The Dualistic Model also posits two types of passion for activities: harmonious passion (individual voluntarily engages in the activity) and obsessive passion (individual is compelled to engage in the activity). The purpose of the present study was to examine the possible links between college students' passion for academic activities and problematic health behaviors including smoking, excessive drinking, exercise addiction, disordered eating, and sleepiness, which is a possible indicator of sleep deprivation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515563/secondary-eating-disorder-a-reality-case-report-of-post-brain-injury-sequelae
#13
Aparna Das, Deeksha Elwadhi, Manushree Gupta
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can lead to changes in eating behavior patterns. This report describes the case of a patient with alcohol dependence presenting with behavioral changes and eating disorder following frontal lobe trauma. A 42-year-old male, premorbidly well-adjusted presented with alcohol use in dependent pattern for years. He sustained a subdural hematoma in the frontal lobe following a road traffic accident 10 years back. Post-TBI, the patient, started having low frustration tolerance, aggressive outbursts, disinhibition, difficulty in persisting with tasks, apathy, amotivation, and craving for food with inability to control intake on the sight of food...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513533/deleterious-metabolic-effects-of-high-fructose-intake-the-preventive-effect-of-lactobacillus-kefiri-administration
#14
María Guillermina Zubiría, Sabrina Eliana Gambaro, María Amanda Rey, Paula Carasi, María de Los Ángeles Serradell, Andrés Giovambattista
Modern lifestyle and diets have been associated with metabolic disorders and an imbalance in the normal gut microbiota. Probiotics are widely known for their health beneficial properties targeting the gut microbial ecosystem. The aim of our study was to evaluate the preventive effect of Lactobacillus kefiri (L. kefiri) administration in a fructose-rich diet (FRD) mice model. Mice were provided with tap water or fructose-added (20% w/v) drinking water supplemented or not with L. kefiri. Results showed that probiotic administration prevented weight gain and epidydimal adipose tissue (EAT) expansion, with partial reversion of the adipocyte hypertrophy developed by FRD...
May 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512391/a-foreign-body-toothbrush-in-the-esophagus-of-a-patient-with-hiatal-hernia
#15
Marisa Klancnik, Maja Grgec, Nikola Perković, Petar Ivanišević, Nikola Kolja Poljak
Toothbrush ingestion is rare and most commonly seen in patients with psychiatric comorbidities and in young women with a medical history of eating disorders who try to induce emesis. Long ingested objects, such as a toothbrush, cannot pass the gastrointestinal tract spontaneously and require endoscopic removal or even a surgical approach in cases of unsuccessful endoscopic removal or complication development. We present a case of a 71-year-old male with hiatal hernia without psychiatric or neurological comorbidity who accidentally ingested a toothbrush during oral hygiene routine...
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511822/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-and-the-dermatology-patient
#16
Madhulika A Gupta, Patricia Jarosz, Aditya K Gupta
Dermatologic symptoms can be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in several situations: (1) as features of some core PTSD symptoms, such as intrusion symptoms manifesting as cutaneous sensory flashbacks, as autonomic arousal manifesting as night sweats and idiopathic urticaria, and as dissociation manifesting as numbness and dermatitis artefacta; (2) the cutaneous psychosomatic effects of emotional and physical neglect and sexual abuse (eg, infantile eczema, cutaneous self-injury, and body-focused repetitive behaviors such as trichotillomania and skin picking disorder) and eating disorders, which can have dermatologic effects; (3) the direct effect of physical or sexual abuse or catastrophic life events (eg, earthquakes) on the skin; and (4) as a result of significant alterations in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympatho-adrenal medullary axes, which can affect neuroendocrine and immune functions, and can lead to exacerbations of stress-reactive inflammatory dermatoses such as psoriasis, chronic urticaria, and atopic dermatitis...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511739/self-critical-thinking-and-overgeneralization-in-depression-and-eating-disorders-an-experimental-study
#17
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Self-critical thinking is common across psychological disorders. This study hypothesized that it may play an important role in 'overgeneralization', the process of drawing general implications from an isolated negative experience. AIMS: To explore the impact of two experimental tasks designed to elicit self-critical thoughts on the endorsement of general negative self-views of clinical and non-clinical populations. METHOD: Three groups (depression, eating disorders and non-clinical controls), completed standardized questionnaires and the two tasks...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511457/leptin-as-a-predictive-marker-in-unexplained-infertility-in-north-indian-population
#18
Pratibha Kumari, S P Jaiswar, Pushplata Shankhwar, Sujata Deo, Kalim Ahmad, Bushra Iqbal, A A Mahdi
INTRODUCTION: According to WHO, the primary infertility in India is about 3.9% (age-standardized to 25-49 year) and 16.8% (age-standardized to 15-49 year), using the "age but no birth" definition. Several factors which affect fertility include low sperm production in men, poor egg quality and blocked fallopian tubes in women and also hormonal imbalances. Leptin plays a critical role in women's reproduction and neuroendocrine health. It is used for treating exercise-induced bone loss, eating disorders and infertility...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511259/impulse-control-disorders-and-related-complications-of-parkinson-s-disease-therapy
#19
Alexander M Lopez, Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulsive and compulsive behaviors in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are most often attributed to dopamine agonist therapy; dysregulation of the mesocorticolimbic system accounts for this behavioral phenotype. The clinical presentation is commonly termed impulse control disorder (ICD): Behaviors include hypersexuality, compulsive eating, shopping, pathological gambling, and compulsive hobby participation. However, not all PD individuals taking dopamine agonists develop these behavioral changes. In this review, the authors focus on the similarities between the phenotypic presentation of ICDs with that of other reward-based behavioral disorders, including binge eating disorder, pathological gambling, and substance use disorders...
April 2017: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511240/-treatment-outcome-in-female-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-comorbid-personality-disorders-prevalence
#20
Timo Maximilian Link, Ursula Beermann, Robert Mestel, Manuela Gander
Introduction Personality disorders (PD) are among the most common comorbid disorders in female patients with Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Recent research findings suggest that comorbid PD are associated with a higher treatment drop-out rate and a worse therapeutic outcome. However, no study to date has distinguished between certain age groups concerning these issues. Research questions Therefore, the present study focuses on the prevalence of PD (1), treatment drop-out rates (2) and weight gain (3) in female in-patients with AN...
May 16, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
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