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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040342/area-level-poverty-race-ethnicity-dialysis-star-ratings
#1
Abhijit V Kshirsagar, Raj N Manickam, Yi Mu, Jennifer E Flythe, Andrew I Chin, Heejung Bang
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recently released a five star rating system as part of 'Dialysis Facility Compare' to help patients identify and choose high performing clinics in the US. Eight dialysis-related measures determine ratings. Little is known about the association between surrounding community sociodemographic characteristics and star ratings. Using data from the U.S. Census and over 6000 dialysis clinics across the country, we examined the association between dialysis clinic star ratings and characteristics of the local population: 1) proportion of population below the federal poverty level (FPL); 2) proportion of black individuals; and 3) proportion of Hispanic individuals, by correlation and regression analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988674/quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-reality-and-responsibility-from-codman-to-today
#2
Martin A Koyle, Leah C C Koyle, G Ross Baker
Quality improvement and patient safety (QIPS) has become increasingly important in the practice of medicine, particularly since the Institute of Medicine's report, "To Err is Human." Despite surgery having been initially at the forefront in instituting QIPS, there has been a lag in promoting its importance until recently. A short history of QIPS is presented along with an introduction to the SQUIRE guidelines used for standardizing QIPS publications. As surgeons we are becoming even more accountable in promoting value in health care...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969238/a-comprehensive-approach-towards-quality-and-safety-in-diagnostic-imaging-services-our-experience-at-a-rural-tertiary-health-care-center
#3
Viral Patel, Geetika Sindhwani, Monica Gupta, Sweta Arora, Arpita Mishra, Jayesh Bhatt, Manali Arora, Anisha Gehani
INTRODUCTION: An organization's transformation from imple-mentation of small, distinct Quality Improvement (QI) efforts to complete incorporation of Quality Improvement Program (QIP) into its culture occurs through a process of churning the foundational elements over time. AIM: To develop a quality culture across the employees, identify measurable indicators and various tools to impart effective quality care and develop a learning culture for continuous quality improvement in the field of imaging services...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959778/improving-the-care-of-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-cf
#4
Ahsan Aftab Khan, Edward F Nash, Joanna Whitehouse, Rifat Rashid
BACKGROUND: The West Midlands Adult Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Centre based at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital provides care for adults with CF in the West Midlands. People with CF are prone to pulmonary exacerbations, which often require inpatient admission for intravenous antibiotics. We observed that the admission process was efficient during working hours (9:00-17:00, Monday-Friday) when the CF team are routinely available, but out-of-working hours, there were delays in these patients being clerked and receiving their first antibiotic dose...
2017: BMJ Open Qual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805359/medicare-program-prospective-payment-system-and-consolidated-billing-for-skilled-nursing-facilities-for-fy-2018-snf-value-based-purchasing-program-snf-quality-reporting-program-survey-team-composition-and-correction-of-the-performance-period-for-the-nhsn-hcp
#5
(no author information available yet)
This final rule updates the payment rates used under the prospective payment system (PPS) for skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) for fiscal year (FY) 2018. It also revises and rebases the market basket index by updating the base year from 2010 to 2014, and by adding a new cost category for Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Services. The rule also finalizes revisions to the SNF Quality Reporting Program (QRP), including measure and standardized resident assessment data policies and policies related to public display...
August 4, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783094/ability-to-work-among-patients-with-eskd-relevance-of-quality-care-metrics
#6
Nancy G Kutner, Rebecca Zhang
Enabling patient ability to work was a key rationale for enacting the United States (US) Medicare program that provides financial entitlement to renal replacement therapy for persons with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). However, fewer than half of working-age individuals in the US report the ability to work after starting maintenance hemodialysis (HD). Quality improvement is a well-established objective in oversight of the dialysis program, but a more patient-centered quality assessment approach is increasingly advocated...
August 7, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725031/polarization-entangled-photon-pair-sources-based-on-spontaneous-four-wave-mixing-assisted-by-polarization-mode-dispersion
#7
Pisek Kultavewuti, Eric Y Zhu, Xingxing Xing, Li Qian, Vincenzo Pusino, Marc Sorel, J Stewart Aitchison
Photonic-based qubits and integrated photonic circuits have enabled demonstrations of quantum information processing (QIP) that promises to transform the way in which we compute and communicate. To that end, sources of polarization-entangled photon pair states are an important enabling technology. However, such states are difficult to prepare in an integrated photonic circuit. Scalable semiconductor sources typically rely on nonlinear optical effects where polarization mode dispersion (PMD) degrades entanglement...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682303/quantum-information-processing-with-superconducting-circuits-a-review
#8
G Wendin
During the last ten years, superconducting circuits have passed from being interesting physical devices to becoming contenders for near-future useful and scalable quantum information processing (QIP). Advanced quantum simulation experiments have been shown with up to nine qubits, while a demonstration of quantum supremacy with fifty qubits is anticipated in just a few years. Quantum supremacy means that the quantum system can no longer be simulated by the most powerful classical supercomputers. Integrated classical-quantum computing systems are already emerging that can be used for software development and experimentation, even via web interfaces...
July 6, 2017: Reports on Progress in Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671342/nuclear-spin-isomers-engineering-a-et4-n-dypc2-spin-qudit
#9
Eufemio Moreno-Pineda, Marko Damjanović, Olaf Fuhr, Wolfgang Wernsdorfer, Mario Ruben
Two dysprosium isotopic isomers were synthesized: Et4 N[(163) DyPc2 ] (1) with I=5/2 and Et4 N[(164) DyPc2 ] (2) with I=0 (where Pc=phthalocyaninato). Both isotopologues are single-molecule magnets (SMMs); however, their relaxation times as well as their magnetic hystereses differ considerably. Quantum tunneling of the magnetization (QTM) at the energy level crossings is found for both systems via ac-susceptibility and μ-SQUID measurements. μ-SQUID studies of 1((I=5/2)) reveal several nuclear-spin-driven QTM events; hence determination of the hyperfine coupling and the nuclear quadrupole splitting is possible...
July 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657714/probing-nuclear-spin-effects-on-electronic-spin-coherence-via-epr-measurements-of-vanadium-iv-complexes
#10
Michael J Graham, Matthew D Krzyaniak, Michael R Wasielewski, Danna E Freedman
Quantum information processing (QIP) has the potential to transform numerous fields from cryptography, to finance, to the simulation of quantum systems. A promising implementation of QIP employs unpaired electronic spins as qubits, the fundamental units of information. Though molecular electronic spins offer many advantages, including chemical tunability and facile addressability, the development of design principles for the synthesis of complexes that exhibit long qubit superposition lifetimes (also known as coherence times, or T2) remains a challenge...
July 17, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503667/neopeptide-analyser-a-software-tool-for-neopeptide-discovery-in-proteomics-data
#11
Mandy Peffers, Andrew R Jones, Antony McCabe, James Anderson
Experiments involving mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics are widely used for analyses of connective tissues. Common examples include the use of relative quantification to identify differentially expressed peptides and proteins in cartilage and tendon. We are working on characterising so-called 'neopeptides', i.e. peptides formed due to native cleavage of proteins, for example under pathological conditions. Unlike peptides typically quantified in MS workflows due to the in vitro use of an enzyme such as trypsin, a neopeptide has at least one terminus that was not due to the use of trypsin in the workflow...
April 7, 2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441482/value-of-nmr-parameters-and-dft-calculations-for-quantum-information-processing-utilizing-phosphorus-heterocycles
#12
Jéssica B R Lino, Eduardo P Rocha, Teodorico C Ramalho
Quantum computing is the field of science that uses quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. The fundamental information unit used in quantum computing is the quantum bit or qubit. It is well-known that quantum computers could theoretically be able to solve problems much more quickly than any classical computers. Currently, the first and still the most successful implementations of quantum information processing (QIP) have been based on nuclear spins in liquids...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339467/a-non-canonical-rna-degradation-pathway-suppresses-rnai-dependent-epimutations-in-the-human-fungal-pathogen-mucor-circinelloides
#13
Silvia Calo, Francisco E Nicolás, Soo Chan Lee, Ana Vila, Maria Cervantes, Santiago Torres-Martinez, Rosa M Ruiz-Vazquez, Maria E Cardenas, Joseph Heitman
Mucorales are a group of basal fungi that includes the casual agents of the human emerging disease mucormycosis. Recent studies revealed that these pathogens activate an RNAi-based pathway to rapidly generate drug-resistant epimutant strains when exposed to stressful compounds such as the antifungal drug FK506. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of this epimutation pathway, we performed a genetic analysis in Mucor circinelloides that revealed an inhibitory role for the non-canonical RdRP-dependent Dicer-independent silencing pathway, which is an RNAi-based mechanism involved in mRNA degradation that was recently identified...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298324/the-esrd-quality-incentive-program-can-we-bridge-the-chasm
#14
REVIEW
Daniel Weiner, Suzanne Watnick
The ESRD Quality Incentive Program (QIP) is the first mandatory federal pay for performance program launched on January 1, 2012. The QIP is tied to the ESRD prospective payment system and mandated by the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008, which directed the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to expand the payment bundle for renal dialysis services and legislated that payment be tied to quality measures. The QIP links 2% of the payment that a dialysis facility receives for Medicare patients on dialysis to the facility's performance on quality of care measures...
June 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217993/assessment-of-label-free-quantification-in-discovery-proteomics-and-impact-of-technological-factors-and-natural-variability-of-protein-abundance
#15
Mhd Rami Al Shweiki, Susann Mönchgesang, Petra Majovsky, Domenika Thieme, Diana Trutschel, Wolfgang Hoehenwarter
We evaluated the state of label-free discovery proteomics focusing especially on technological contributions and contributions of naturally occurring differences in protein abundance to the intersample variability in protein abundance estimates in this highly peptide-centric technology. First, the performance of popular quantitative proteomics software, Proteome Discoverer, Scaffold, MaxQuant, and Progenesis QIP, was benchmarked using their default parameters and some modified settings. Beyond this, the intersample variability in protein abundance estimates was decomposed into variability introduced by the entire technology itself and variable protein amounts inherent to individual plants of the Arabidopsis thaliana Col-0 accession...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152753/data-driven-quality-improvement-in-an-oncology-patient-centered-medical-home
#16
Maureen Lowry, Brian Flounders, Susan Higman Tofani
54 Background: In a 2012 abstract, Data driven transformation for an Oncology Patient-Centered Medical Home, Consultants in Medical Oncology (CMOH) demonstrated that standardized processes and enhanced IT capabilities (IRIS software app) provided a rapid learning system for the practice. Iris aggregated data became the basis for Quality Improvement Projects (QIPs) allowing CMOH to continue to improve in quality and cost measures. Deviation from performance trend is readily identifiable, providing operational direction...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145700/synthetic-approach-to-determine-the-effect-of-nuclear-spin-distance-on-electronic-spin-decoherence
#17
Michael J Graham, Chung-Jui Yu, Matthew D Krzyaniak, Michael R Wasielewski, Danna E Freedman
Nuclear-electronic interactions are a fundamental phenomenon which impacts fields from magnetic resonance imaging to quantum information processing (QIP). The realization of QIP would transform diverse areas of research including accurate simulation of quantum dynamics and cryptography. One promising candidate for the smallest unit of QIP, a qubit, is electronic spin. Electronic spins in molecules offer significant advantages with regard to QIP, and for the emerging field of quantum sensing. Yet relative to other qubit candidates, they possess shorter superposition lifetimes, known as coherence times or T2, due to interactions with nuclear spins in the local environment...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115082/the-esrd-quality-incentive-program-the-current-limitations-of-evidence-and-data-to-develop-measures-drive-improvement-and-incentivize-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Louis H Diamond, Andrew D Howard
This article describes the current state of facilitating the integration of evidence into practice to support initiatives focused on patients with ESRD. We will use the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) ESRD Quality Incentive Program (QIP) as an example, including a description of the health information infrastructure needed to support the translation of evidence into practice and some of the challenges encountered. The process from the generation of evidence to integration of this evidence into practice includes policy development leading to clinical practice guidelines, clinical performance measures, and clinical decision support tools...
November 2016: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010959/urine-culture-guided-antibiotic-interventions-a-pharmacist-driven-antimicrobial-stewardship-effort-in-the-ed
#19
Xi Zhang, Nicole Rowan, Bethann Mangel Pflugeisen, Sanjin Alajbegovic
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics are overprescribed for abnormal urine tests including asymptomatic bacteriuria (AB), contributing to rising antimicrobial resistance rates. Pharmacists reviewed urine cultures daily from emergency department (ED) encounters to assess antibiotic appropriateness. We studied antibiotic prescribing practices and assessed compliance to national guidelines, correlations with urine analysis (UA) components, and opportunities for antimicrobial stewardship in the ED. METHODS: This quality improvement project (QIP) was a prospective cohort study at a community hospital ED, with data collected from finalized urine cultures resulting October 30, 2014 through January 5, 2015...
April 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923890/a-comprehensive-nutrition-focused-quality-improvement-program-reduces-30-day-readmissions-and-length-of-stay-in-hospitalized-patients
#20
Krishnan Sriram, Suela Sulo, Gretchen VanDerBosch, Jamie Partridge, Josh Feldstein, Refaat A Hegazi, Wm Thomas Summerfelt
BACKGROUND: Although screening patients for malnutrition risk on hospital admission is standard of care, nutrition shortfalls are undertreated. Nutrition interventions can improve outcomes. We tested effects of a nutrition-focused quality improvement program (QIP) on hospital readmission and length of stay (LOS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: QIP included malnutrition risk screening at admission, prompt initiation of oral nutrition supplements (ONS) for at-risk patients, and nutrition support...
March 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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