Read by QxMD icon Read

Tumor suppressor

Puneet, Hasan Raza Kazmi, Soni Kumari, Satendra Tiwari, A Khanna, Gopeshwar Narayan
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancy worldwide. The various genetic and epigenetic events have been found to be associated with its carcinogenesis. The epigenetic is a heritable and transient/reversible change in the gene expression that is not accompanied by modification in the DNA sequence. This event is characterized by the alteration in the promoter CpG island of the gene or histone modification. These events are associated with silencing of critical tumor suppressor gene and activation of oncogenes leading to carcinogenesis...
March 19, 2018: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Shweta Duggal, Noor Jailkhani, Mukul Kumar Midha, Kanury V S Rao, Ajay Kumar
The Rb protein is a tumor suppressor protein that regulates the key G1S checkpoint consequently blocking the progression of cell cycle into S-phase. Despite its pertinent role in cell cycle regulation, comprehensive information on its interacting partners across cell cycle progression is lacking. Here, we aim to submit a comprehensive set of Rb interactors as the cell progresses from G0 through G1 and S into G2 phase in HEK 293 cell line. Affinity purification of HA-tagged Rb protein along with its interactors was analyzed by mass spectrometry (AP-MS)...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Antonia Reimer, Yinghong He, Cristina Has
Genetic conditions affecting the skin and kidney are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and target molecular components present in both organs. The molecular pathology involves defects of cell-matrix adhesion, metabolic or signaling pathways, as well as tumor suppressor genes. This article gives a clinically oriented overview of this group of disorders, highlighting entities which have been recently described, as well as the progress made in understanding well-known entities. The genetic bases as well as molecular cell biological mechanisms are described, with therapeutic applications...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Xuelian Xiao, Daheng Yang, Xue Gong, Dongping Mo, Shiyang Pan, Jian Xu
miRNAs play important roles in lung adenocarcioma (LADC) progression. We previously found that miR-1290 expression was upregulated in LADC tissue and serum samples from patients with LADC, and correlated with prognosis. However, the biological role of miR-1290 in LADC and mechanism of such role are poorly understood. Here, we found that miR-1290 overexpression promoted LADC cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and invasion, while suppressing cell apoptosis in vitro . Furthermore, miR-1290 promoted tumor growth, invasion and metastasis in vivo ...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Zhaodi Zheng, Wenzhen Zhu, Bingwu Yang, Rongfei Chai, Tingting Liu, Fenglin Li, Guanghui Ren, Shuhua Ji, Shan Liu, Guorong Li
Metformin, a widely used antidiabetic drug, exhibits anticancer effects which are mediated by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine kinase (AKT) signaling pathway. However, its use in anticancer therapy combined with other natural products remains unclear. Flavone as the core structure of flavonoids has been demonstrated to induce cell apoptosis without causing serious side effect. Murine double minute X (MDMX) inhibits tumor suppressor gene p53 whose function is associated with the PI3K/AKT pathway...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jianqiao Luo, Caidan Zhu, Hongya Wang, Li Yu, Jianwei Zhou
Primary ovarian cancer is the main cause of gynecological cancer-associated mortality. However, the mechanism behind the spread of ovarian cancer requires elucidation. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of microRNA-126 (miR-126) on differentiation and invasion, and its mechanism in primary ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells transfected with LV3-has-miR-126 mimics and LV3-has-miR-126 inhibitor were produced; it was revealedthatLV-miR-126 mimics could induce cell cycle arrest at G1 phase, suppress cell invasion through Matrigel-coated membranes and downregulate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Ge Bai, Mei Yang, Chao Zheng, Li Zhang, Mayinur Eli
Progestin and adipoQ receptor family member 3 (PAQR3) is a novel tumor suppressor; however, its function in esophageal cancer is not well understood. The present study explored the association between PAQR3, and the survival and clinical phenotype in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The expression of PAQR3 in 80 cases of ESCC and its corresponding adjacent tissues was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The results demonstrated that PAQR3 expression in cancer tissues was significantly lower compared with that in adjacent tissues...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Laixi Bi, Lan Sun, Zhenlin Jin, Shenghui Zhang, Zhijian Shen
MicroRNAs (miRs) have been demonstrated to perform important roles in normal hematopoiesis and leukemogenesis. Accumulating evidence suggests that miR-10a and miR-10b may behave as novel oncogenes or tumor suppressors in human cancer. The present study reported the function of the miR-10 family in myeloid differentiation and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The levels of miR-10a/b expression were increased in AML cases compared with normal controls, particularly in M1, M2 and M3 subtypes. The levels of miR-10a/b expression were also upregulated in patients with nucleophosmin-mutated AML and AML patients with t(8;21) and t(9;11), compared with the normal control...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Rong-Quan He, Xia Yang, Liang Liang, Gang Chen, Jie Ma
The present study aimed to explore the potential clinical significance of microRNA (miR)-124-3p expression in the hepatocarcinogenesis and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as well as the potential target genes of functional HCC pathways. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to evaluate the expression of miR-124-3p in 101 HCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissue samples. Additionally, the association between miR-124-3p expression and clinical parameters was also analyzed...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Weicheng Zhang, Jingyuan Shen, Fengming Gu, Ying Zhang, Wenjuan Wu, Jiachun Weng, Yuexia Liao, Zijing Deng, Qing Yuan, Lu Zheng, Yu Zhang, Weigan Shen
Accumulating evidence implicates monopolar spindle-one-binder protein (MOB)2 as an inhibitor of nuclear-Dbf2-related kinase (NDR) by competing with MOB1 for interaction with NDR1/2. NDR/large tumor suppressor (LATS) kinases may function similarly to yes-associated protein (YAP) kinases and be considered as members of the Hippo core cassette. MOB2 appears to serve roles in cell survival, cell cycle progression, responses to DNA damage and cell motility. However, the underlying mechanisms involved remain unclarified...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Wenguang Liu, Manwu Wu, Hechun Du, Xiaoliang Shi, Tao Zhang, Jie Li
Silent information regulator 6 (SIRT6) is broadly considered as a tumor suppressor due to its function in the suppression of oncogene expression. However, the role of SIRT6 in colorectal cancer stem cells (CSCs) remains uncharacterized. In the present study, it was demonstrated that SIRT6 expression was reduced in colorectal CSCs. Overexpression of SIRT6 in colorectal CSCs did not induce cell apoptosis. However, SIRT6 significantly inhibited cell proliferation, colony formation and induced G0/G1 phase arrest in colorectal CSCs...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Lina Cai, Wuliang Wang, Xiaomei Li, Tieli Dong, Qing Zhang, Baojv Zhu, Hu Zhao, Shubiao Wu
Numerous studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRs), a group of small non-coding RNAs, are determining regulatory elements involved in the pathogenesis of various types of cancer, including cervical cancer (CC). Although miR-21-5p upregulation has been demonstrated to associate with tumorigenesis by controlling the expression of oncogenic and tumor suppressor genes, only a small number of studies have investigated the expression of miR-21-5p and its functional role in CC. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of miR-21-5p on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of CC cells, and the potential underlying molecular mechanism of these effects...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Yi Cao, Shengxing Tan, Yi Tu, Guoyang Zhang, Yi Liu, Daojiang Li, Shan Xu, Zhibiao Le, Jianbo Xiong, Wenyu Zou, Peitao Gong, Zhengrong Li, Zhigang Jie
Accumulating studies have demonstrated microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have an important role in multiple processes of human malignant tumor development and progression. Decreased expression of miR-125a-5p has been observed in several types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). However, the mechanism and exact function of miR-125a-5p in GC have not been largely elucidated. In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction indicated that the expression of miR-125a-5p was downregulated in GC tissues and cell lines compared with matched normal tissues (P<0...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Rui Chen, Wenjia Xia, Xiaoxiao Wang, Mantang Qiu, Rong Yin, Siwei Wang, Xiaoxiang Xi, Jie Wang, Youtao Xu, Gaochao Dong, Lin Xu, Wei De
Esophageal cancer is one of the most common types of malignant tumors located within the digestive system, with >50% of esophageal cancer cases worldwide occurring in China. Recent studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are frequently dysregulated in cancer; however, few lncRNAs have been characterized in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In the present study, a novel lncRNA, SET-binding factor 2 (SBF2) antisense RNA1 (SBF2-AS1) was exhibited in ESCC. Expression levels of SBF2-AS1 in ESCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were detected using the reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Dalin Di, Lei Chen, Yingying Guo, Lina Wang, Huidong Wang, Jiyu Ju
Breast cancer suppressor candidate-1 (BCSC-1) is a candidate tumor suppressor gene that was identified recently. Decreased levels of BCSC-1 have been detected in a variety of cancer types in previous studies. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-14 is a membrane-type MMP that plays an important role in tumor progression and prognosis. Previous research has indicated that MMP-14 is highly expressed in different cancer types and promotes tumor invasion or metastasis by remodeling the extracellular matrix. However, there have been few reports on BCSC-1 and MMP-14 in human breast cancer in recent years...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jianghong Huang, Yujie Liang, Meiquan Xu, Jianyi Xiong, Daping Wang, Qiang Ding
The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical significance of hsa-microRNA-124-3p (miR-124) in osteosarcoma (OS), and examine its role in cell growth and invasion. Using a microRNA chip array, the expression of miR-124 was detected in samples of surgically resected OS and matched against the levels of expression in tumor-adjacent normal tissues. The levels of miR-124 were upregulated in the OS cells through the transfection of miR-124 mimics. Cell proliferation and Transwell assays were performed to determine cell proliferation and invasion; Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot and luciferase assays were then used to detect the expression of the target gene snail family zinc finger 2 (Snail2)...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Viktor Fleming, Xiaoying Hu, Rebekka Weber, Vasyl Nagibin, Christopher Groth, Peter Altevogt, Jochen Utikal, Viktor Umansky
The immune system has many sophisticated mechanisms to balance an extensive immune response. Distinct immunosuppressive cells could protect from excessive tissue damage and autoimmune disorders. Tumor cells take an advantage of those immunosuppressive mechanisms and establish a strongly immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment (TME), which inhibits antitumor immune responses, supporting the disease progression. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) play a crucial role in this immunosuppressive TME. Those cells represent a heterogeneous population of immature myeloid cells with a strong immunosuppressive potential...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Jia He
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a major type of lung cancer, with the highest mortality rate in all cancers. For all stages of NSCLC, the five-year survival is less than fifteen percent. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a significant process in tumor occurrence and development, in which microRNAs may play an important role. In many cancers, microRNA-15's family member can act as suppressors or oncogenes of tumors; however, the relation between these microRNAs and EMT in lung cancer remains unclear...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Liang-Qing Dong, Yang Shi, Li-Jie Ma, Liu-Xiao Yang, Xiao-Ying Wang, Shu Zhang, Zhi-Chao Wang, Meng Duan, Zhao Zhang, Long-Zi Liu, Bo-Hao Zheng, Zhen-Bin Ding, Ai-Wu Ke, Da-Ming Gao, Ke Yuan, Jian Zhou, Jia Fan, Ruibin Xi, Qiang Gao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second-most lethal primary liver cancer. Little is known about intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) and its impact on ICC progression. We aim to investigate its ITH in hope of helping develop new therapeutic strategies. METHODS: We obtained 69 spatially distinct regions from 6 operable ICCs. Patient-derived primary cancer cells (PDPCs) were established for each region, followed by whole-exome sequencing(WES) and multi-level validation...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Kyohei Nakamura, Sahar Kassem, Alice Cleynen, Marie-Lorraine Chrétien, Camille Guillerey, Eva Maria Putz, Tobias Bald, Irmgard Förster, Slavica Vuckovic, Geoffrey R Hill, Seth L Masters, Marta Chesi, P Leif Bergsagel, Hervé Avet-Loiseau, Ludovic Martinet, Mark J Smyth
Tumor-promoting inflammation and avoiding immune destruction are hallmarks of cancer. Here, we demonstrate that the pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-18 is critically involved in these hallmarks in multiple myeloma (MM). Mice deficient for IL-18 were remarkably protected from Vk∗ MYC MM progression in a CD8+ T cell-dependent manner. The MM-niche-derived IL-18 drove generation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), leading to accelerated disease progression. A global transcriptome analysis of the immune microenvironment in 73 MM patients strongly supported the negative impact of IL-18-driven MDSCs on T cell responses...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Cell
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"