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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937372/age-related-reference-intervals-for-immunoglobulin-levels-and-lymphocyte-subsets-in-indian-children
#1
Gaurav Narula, Shanaz Khodaiji, Arun Bableshwar, Manjeet Singh Bindra
BACKGROUND: In children, innate and adaptive immunity varies with age, disease status, and ethnicity, reflected by lymphocyte subsets and serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels. The paucity of such data from the Indian subcontinent necessitated this study. AIMS: This study aims to determine reference ranges of Ig and lymphocyte subsets in Indian children from birth to 5 years. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Neonates, infants, and children from a tertiary care hospital were selected and categorized into 5 groups from cord blood/newborn to 5 years...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934095/lifelong-residential-exposure-to-green-space-and-attention-a-population-based-prospective-study
#2
Payam Dadvand, Christina Tischer, Marisa Estarlich, Sabrina Llop, Albert Dalmau-Bueno, Monica López-Vicente, Antònia Valentín, Carmen de Keijzer, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Nerea Lertxundi, Cristina Rodriguez-Dehli, Mireia Gascon, Monica Guxens, Daniela Zugna, Xavier Basagaña, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Jesus Ibarluzea, Ferran Ballester, Jordi Sunyer
BACKGROUND: Natural environments, including green spaces, may have beneficial impacts on brain development. However, longitudinal evidence of an association between long-term exposure to green spaces and cognitive development (including attention) in children is limited. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the association between lifelong residential exposure to green space and attention during preschool and early primary school years. METHODS: This longitudinal study was based on data from two well-established population-based birth cohorts in Spain...
September 18, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930223/successful-pregnancy-after-treatment-with-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-a-43-year-old-woman-with-diminished-ovarian-reserve-and-multiple-uterus-fibrosis-a-case-report
#3
Benqi Teng, Jie Peng, Madeleine Ong, Xianqin Qu
OBJECTIVE: To highlight a natural approach to coexisting oligomenorrhea, subfertility, luteal phase insufficiency and multiple fibroids cohesively when in vitro fertilisation (IVF) has failed. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old woman with diminished ovarian reserve and multiple uterine fibroids had previously been advised to discontinue IVF treatment. According to Chinese Medicine diagnosis, herbal formulae were prescribed for improving age-related ovarian insufficiency as well as to control the growth of fibroids...
February 9, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928911/prediction-of-low-birth-weight-delivery-by-maternal-status-and-its-validation-decision-curve-analysis
#4
Mehri Rejali, Marjan Mansourian, Zohre Babaei, Babak Eshrati
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluated assessed elements connected with low birth weight (LBW) and used decision curve analysis (DCA) to define a scale to anticipate the probability of having a LBW newborn child. METHODS: This hospital-based case-control study was led in Arak Hospital in Iran. The study included 470 mothers with LBW neonate and 470 mothers with natural neonates. Information were gathered by meeting moms utilizing preplanned organized questionnaire and from hospital records...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924357/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-do-the-responsible-for-screening-know-what-to-do
#5
Bruno Gonçalves Schröder E Souza, Tiago Evangelista de Melo, Thiago Mattos Resende, Rafaela Clara Resende da Silva, Soraya Amanda Cruz, Valdeci Manoel de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge on developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by professionals involved in its diagnosis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using questionnaires to assess the knowledge about DDH. Orthopedic surgeons and pediatricians, residents and medical students from a tertiary teaching hospital were included in the study. RESULTS: We evaluated 142 medical students, eight orthopedic residents, ten pediatric residents, seven pediatricians, and nine orthopedic surgeons; 50% declared not having examined any DDH case in the last year and only three had diagnosed more than 10 cases during their career...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923126/-drawing-aside-the-curtain-natural-childbirth-on-screen-in-1950s-britain
#6
Salim Al-Gailani
This article recovers the importance of film, and its relations to other media, in communicating the philosophies and methods of 'natural childbirth' in the post-war period. It focuses on an educational film made in South Africa around 1950 by controversial British physician Grantly Dick-Read, who had achieved international fame with bestselling books arguing that relaxation and education, not drugs, were the keys to freeing women from pain in childbirth. But he soon came to regard the 'vivid' medium of film as a more effective means of disseminating the 'truth of [his] mission' to audiences who might never have read his books...
September 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921688/outcomes-of-infants-with-a-birthweight-less-than-or-equal-to-500-g-in-northern-england-15-years-experience
#7
Jenna Gillone, Nishant Banait, Nicola Miller, Martin Ward Platt, Sundeep Harigopal
AIM: We aimed to evaluate mortality and short-term neonatal morbidity of babies born ≤500 g cared for in the Northern Neonatal Network over a 15-year period. METHOD: Using regional databases, we identified all live-born babies ≥22 weeks gestation and ≤500 g, in North East England and North Cumbria from 1998 to 2012. We quantified major neonatal morbidities and survival to one year. RESULTS: We identified 104 live-born babies ≥22 weeks gestation and ≤500 g (birth prevalence 0...
September 17, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920104/variable-phenotypic-penetrance-of-thrombosis-in-adult-mice-after-tissue-selective-and-temporally-controlled-thbd-gene-inactivation
#8
Thijs E van Mens, Hai-Po H Liang, Sreemanti Basu, Irene Hernandez, Mark Zogg, Jennifer May, Min Zhan, Qiuhui Yang, Jamie Foeckler, Shawn Kalloway, Rashmi Sood, Caren Sue Karlson, Hartmut Weiler
Thrombomodulin (Thbd) exerts pleiotropic effects on blood coagulation, fibrinolysis, and complement system activity by facilitating the thrombin-mediated activation of protein C and thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor and may have additional thrombin- and protein C (pC)-independent functions. In mice, complete Thbd deficiency causes embryonic death due to defective placental development. In this study, we used tissue-selective and temporally controlled Thbd gene ablation to examine the function of Thbd in adult mice...
June 27, 2017: Blood Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920017/esophageal-atresia-with-tracheo-esophageal-fistula-presenting-beyond-7-days
#9
Nilesh Nagdeve, Mohini Sukhdeve, Tushar Thakre, Suresh Morey
AIM: To describe our experience of neonates with esophageal atresia with tracheo-esophageal fistula (EA with TEF) who presented after a week. DESIGN: Retrospective study of the patients of EA with TEF who presented after a week. STUDY SETTING: Department of Pediatric Surgery, Government Medical College Nagpur. Study Duration: Eight years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic information, hematological, biochemical and radiological data were obtained from the patients' medical records...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919115/global-regional-and-national-under-5-mortality-adult-mortality-age-specific-mortality-and-life-expectancy-1970-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause mortality has changed with respect to development status can identify exemplars for best practice. To accomplish this, the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) estimated age-specific and sex-specific all-cause mortality between 1970 and 2016 for 195 countries and territories and at the subnational level for the five countries with a population greater than 200 million in 2016...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916332/assessing-the-use-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-the-united-states-by-non-united-states-residents
#11
Aaron D Levine, Sheree L Boulet, Roberta M Berry, Denise J Jamieson, Hillary B Alberta-Sherer, Dmitry M Kissin
OBJECTIVE: To study cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) by assessing the frequency and nature of assisted reproductive technology (ART) care that non-U.S. residents receive in the United States. DESIGN: Retrospective study of ART cycles reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National ART Surveillance System (NASS) from 2006 to 2013. SETTING: Private and academic ART clinics. PATIENT(S): Patients who participated in ART cycles in the United States from 2006 to 2013...
August 31, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916132/the-association-between-elevated-blood-lead-levels-and-violent-behavior-during-late-adolescence-the-south-african-birth-to-twenty-plus-cohort
#12
Palesa Nkomo, Angela Mathee, Nisha Naicker, Jacky Galpin, Linda M Richter, Shane A Norris
Epidemiological studies have shown the adverse neuro-behavioral health effects of lead exposure among children, in particular. However, there is lack evidence in this regard from developing countries. The main aim of this study was to assess the association between blood lead levels (BLLs) during early adolescence and violent behavior in late adolescence. Our study sample from the Birth to Twenty Plus cohort in Soweto-Johannesburg, South Africa included 1332 study participants (684 females). BLLs were measured using blood samples collected at age 13years...
September 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915122/understanding-fetal-factors-that-contribute-to-preterm-birth-sj%C3%A3-gren-larsson-syndrome-as-a-model
#13
Pippa Staps, Marije Hogeveen, Joris Fuijkschot, Joris van Drongelen, Michèl A A P Willemsen
AIM: Preterm birth is the world's leading cause of neonatal death. Unfortunately, the pathophysiology of preterm birth remains poorly understood. Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is a rare, neurometabolic disorder caused by a fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase deficiency. A majority of patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is born preterm. METHODS: Data of all known Dutch patients with Sjögren-Larsson syndrome and all cases reported in literature were analyzed to learn from preterm birth in context of this rare disease...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914788/a-decrease-of-incidence-cases-of-fumonisins-in-south-korean-feedstuff-between-2011-and-2016
#14
Juhee Park, Hansub Chang, Seungran Hong, Dongho Kim, Soohyun Chung, Chan Lee
Several plant pathogen Fusarium species produce fumonisins (FUMs); which can end up in food and feed and; when ingested; can exhibit harmful effects on humans and livestock. Mycotoxin intoxication by fumonisin B₁ (FB₁) and fumonisin B₂ (FB₂) can cause porcine pulmonary edema; leukoencephalomalacia in equines; esophageal cancer and birth defects by natural contamination. Herein; the occurrence of FB₁ and FB₂ in feedstuff (compound feed and feed ingredients) was investigated between 2011 and 2016 in South Korea...
September 15, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914459/testing-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-the-basic-birth-beliefs
#15
Heidi Preis, Rony Chen, Michal Eisner, Joseph Pardo, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Women perceive what birth is even before they are pregnant for the first time. Part of this conceptualization is the basic belief about birth as a medical and natural process. These two separate beliefs are pivotal in the decision-making process about labor and birth. Adapting Engel's biopsychosocial framework, we explored the importance of a wide range of factors which may contribute to these beliefs among first-time mothers. METHOD: This observational study included 413 primiparae ≥24 weeks' gestation, recruited in medical centers and in natural birth communities in Israel...
September 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#16
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904613/a-recursive-microfluidic-platform-to-explore-the-emergence-of-chemical-evolution
#18
David Doran, Marc Rodriguez-Garcia, Rebecca Turk-MacLeod, Geoffrey J T Cooper, Leroy Cronin
We propose that a chemically agnostic approach to explore the origin of life, using an automated recursive platform based on droplet microfluidics, could be used to induce artificial chemical evolution by iterations of growth, speciation, selection, and propagation. To explore this, we set about designing an open source prototype of a fully automated evolution machine, comprising seven modules. These modules are a droplet generator, droplet transfer, passive and active size sorting, splitter, incubation chamber, reservoir, and injectors, all run together via a LabVIEW(TM) program integration system...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903112/savoring-sweet-sugars-in-infant-and-toddler-feeding
#19
Robert D Murray
During the first years of life, the sweetness of sugars has a capacity to hinder or to help in laying a strong nutritional foundation for food preferences that often extend over a lifetime. Aside from supplying 4 g/kcal of energy, sugars are non-nutritive. However, sugars have a powerful attribute, sweetness, which strongly influences human food preference. A child's first relationship with sweet taste begins even before birth and continues to evolve throughout complementary feeding. The sweetness of breastmilk encourages consumption and soothes the neonate...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888838/space-for-human-connection-in-antenatal-education-uncovering-women-s-hopes-using-participatory-action-research
#20
Vivienne Brady, Joan Lalor
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this research was to initiate active consultation with women and antenatal educators in the development and delivery of antenatal education that was mutually relevant. DESIGN: a Participatory Action Research approach influenced by feminist concerns was used to guide the research. Data were analysed by the researcher and participants using a Voice Centred Relational Method of Analysis. SETTING: an Antenatal Education service in a consultant-led tertiary referral unit in Ireland...
August 30, 2017: Midwifery
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