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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738465/-influencing-factors-for-non-low-response-to-hepatitis-b-vaccine-in-infants-of-hbsag-positive-mothers
#1
B Wang, X X Xu, H X Wen, H Y Hao, Z Q Yang, X H Shi, Z D Fu, X F Wang, F Zhang, B Wang, S P Wang
Objective: To investigate the influencing factors for non/low-response to hepatitis B vaccine in infants of HBsAg-positive mothers. Methods: A total of 286 HBsAg-positive pregnant women and their infants were recruited from the Third People's Hospital of Taiyuan during July 2011 to January 2013. The infants were immunized with hepatitis B vaccine according to the 0-1-6 month vaccination schedule and followed up for 12 months. The serum HBV DNA level of mothers, neonates and infants were detected by electro chemilum inescence immunoassay kits and fluorescene quantiative polymerase chain rection...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738458/-associations-between-season-of-birth-and-age-both-at-menarche-and-at-menopause
#2
J H Si, R R Meng, J Lyu, Y Guo, Z Bian, C Q Yu, L Yang, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, Z M Chen, L M Li
Objective: To examine the associations between season of birth and factors as age at menarche, age at menopause and reproductive span. Methods: A total of 285 186 female from the China Kadoorie Biobank, with complete data on critical variables and had menarche at 9-18 years old, were included. A total of 132 373 female with natural menopause were included for the analysis on age at menopause and reproductive span. Multiple linear regression models were used to assess the associations of birth season and the age at menarche, menopause, and reproductive span...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735163/multidimensional-human-capital-formation-in-a-developing-country-health-cognition-and-locus-of-control-in-the-philippines
#3
Kira M Villa
Economic success depends on multiple human capital stocks whose production is interrelated and occurs over many life stages. Yet, much empirical work fails to account for human capital's multidimensional nature and limits its focus to specific childhood stages. Using longitudinal data from the Philippines, I estimate a model of multidimensional human capital formation from birth through adulthood where health, cognitive, and noncognitive dimensions are jointly produced. I examine during which developmental stages parental investment is most influential and address the endogeneity of investment using a policy function where investment depends on child characteristics, exogenous conditions at birth and local prices...
July 8, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732016/maternal-residential-proximity-to-unconventional-gas-development-and-perinatal-outcomes-among-a-diverse-urban-population-in-texas
#4
Kristina W Whitworth, Amanda K Marshall, Elaine Symanski
OBJECTIVE: To assess associations between unconventional natural gas development (UGD) and perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective birth cohort study among 158,894 women with a birth or fetal death from November 30, 2010-November 29, 2012 in the Barnett Shale, in North Texas. We constructed three UGD-activity metrics by calculating the inverse distance-weighted sum of active wells within three separate geographic buffers surrounding the maternal residence: ≤½, 2, or 10-miles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729176/infant-nephrolithiasis-and-nephrocalcinosis-natural-history-and-predictors-of-surgical-intervention
#5
Veridiana Andrioli, Kerri Highmore, Michael P Leonard, Luis A Guerra, Kenneth Tang, Jennifer Vethamuthu, Victoria Meyers, Katrina J Sullivan, Melise A Keays
INTRODUCTION: Renal stone disease diagnosed in the first year of life is relatively uncommon. While risk factors such as low birth weight, furosemide exposure, and metabolic disorders are well established, there exists little information regarding resolution rates and need for surgical intervention. Our study objective was to evaluate urolithiasis and renal calcification resolution rates, time to resolution, and need for surgical intervention in children diagnosed in their first year of life...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728138/first-trimester-urinary-bisphenol-a-concentration-in-relation-to-anogenital-distance-an-androgen-sensitive-measure-of-reproductive-development-in-infant-girls
#6
Emily S Barrett, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Omar Mbowe, Sally W Thurston, J Bruce Redmon, Ruby H N Nguyen, Shanna H Swan
INTRODUCTION: Evidence from animal models suggests that prenatal exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemical, is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in females. Exposure during early gestation, a critical period for reproductive development, is of particular concern. Anogenital distance (AGD) is a sensitive biomarker of the fetal hormonal milieu and a measure of reproductive toxicity in animal models. In some studies, the daughters of BPA-exposed dams have shorter AGD than controls...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727637/evaluation-and-student-perceptions-of-an-ob-boot-camp-simulation-for-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-mixed-method-approach
#7
Cynthia S Crews, Lisa C Minor
Obstetrical nursing offers unique challenges as a specialty clinical area as the process of birth and the nature of the setting are unpredictable. Traditional undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students may not have experience with maternal/newborn care. An eight-hour OB Boot Camp was developed to prepare students for their first obstetrical clinical rotation. An explanatory sequential mixed-method research study was used to explore student perceptions and evaluate the experience. On the basis of the results of this research study, the OB Boot Camp was a valuable instructional method to prepare students for obstetrical clinical rotations and coursework...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727536/1918-influenza-pandemic-in-utero-exposure-in-the-united-states-and-long-term-impact-on-hospitalizations
#8
Joseph Kofi Acquah, Roshani Dahal, Frank A Sloan
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between in utero exposure to the 1918 influenza pandemic and hospitalization rates in old age (≥ 70 years) in the United States. METHODS: We identified individuals exposed (mild and deadly waves) and unexposed in utero to the 1918 influenza pandemic (a natural experiment) by using birth dates from the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old survey. We analyzed differences in hospitalization rates by exposure status with multivariate linear regression...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727004/physiology-and-endocrinology-symposium-postnatal-reproductive-development-and-the-lactocrine-hypothesis
#9
F F Bartol, A A Wiley, A F George, D J Miller, C A Bagnell
Maternal effects on development can program cell fate and dictate offspring phenotype. Such effects do not end at birth, but extend into postnatal life through signals communicated from mother to offspring in first milk (colostrum). Transmission of bioactive factors from mother to offspring as a specific consequence of nursing defines a lactocrine mechanism. The female reproductive tract is not fully formed at birth (postnatal day = PND 0). Data for ungulates and mice indicate that disruption of development during neonatal life can have lasting effects on the form and function of uterine tissues...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722761/a-meta-ethnographic-synthesis-of-midwives-and-nurses-experiences-of-adverse-labour-and-birth-events
#10
REVIEW
Rakime Elmir, Jackie Pangas, Hannah Dahlen, Virginia Schmied
INTRODUCTION: Health professionals are frequently exposed to traumatic events due to the nature of their work. While traumatic and adverse labour and birth events experienced by women are well researched, less attention has been given to midwives' and nurses' experiences of these events and the impact it has on their lives. AIM: To undertake a meta-ethnographic study of midwives' and nurses' experiences of adverse labour and birth events. METHODS: Scopus, CINHAL PLUS, MEDLINE and PUBMED databases were searched using subject headings and keywords...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722125/a-temperature-gradient-may-support-mother-infant-thermal-identification-and-communication-in-the-breast-crawl-from-birth-to-breastfeeding
#11
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Federico de Luca, Gianluca Straface
AIM: The human female's nipple-areolar complex (NAC) is the point of arrival of a natural progression from birth to breastfeeding, linked to functional, chemical and biophysical cues that promote the breast crawl soon after birth. We investigated the thermal gradient generated by the lips of the neonate and warmth of the NAC, which may drive the infant directly to the nipple. METHODS: We prospectively studied 41 full-term singleton infants and their mothers at the Policlinico Abano Terme, Italy, between 1 January to 28 February 2015...
July 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719076/multimodal-image-analysis-of-clinical-influences-on-preterm-brain-development
#12
Gareth Ball, Paul Aljabar, Phumza Nongena, Nigel Kennea, Nuria Gonzalez-Cinca, Shona Falconer, Andrew T M Chew, Nicholas Harper, Julia Wurie, Mary A Rutherford, Serena J Counsell, A David Edwards
Objective Premature birth is associated with numerous complex abnormalities of white and grey matter and a high incidence of long-term neurocognitive impairment. An integrated understanding of these abnormalities and their association with clinical events is lacking. The aim of this study was to identify specific patterns of abnormal cerebral development and their antenatal and postnatal antecedents. Methods In a prospective cohort of 449 infants (226 male), we performed a multi-variate and data-driven analysis combining multiple imaging modalities...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719013/in-an-era-of-highly-effective-treatment-hepatitis-c-screening-of-the-general-population-of-the-united-states-for-hepatitis-c-should-be-considered
#13
Zobair Younossi, Deidre Blissett, Rob Blissett, Linda Henry, Youssef Younossi, Rachel Beckerman, Sharon Hunt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment with all oral direct acting antiviral agents (DAA's) achieve sustained virologic response (SVR) rates of 98%. Re-assessment of general US population screening for HCV is imperative. This study compared the cost-effectiveness (CE) of three HCV screening strategies: screen all (SA), screen Birth Cohort (BCS), and screen high risks (HRS). METHODS: Using a previous designed decision-analytic Markov model, estimations of the natural history of HCV and CE evaluation of the three HCV screening strategies over a lifetime horizon in the US population was undertaken...
July 18, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714330/-the-role-of-environmental-factors-in-managing-labour-stress
#14
Melinda Rados, Judit Mészáros
INTRODUCTION: Emotional, cognitive and behavioural aspects of birth and labour stress are strongly associated with the underlying physiological processes. AIM: To study the factors of physical security and social support, the administration of synthetic oxytocin, and how they relate to perceived stress during childbirth. METHOD: Women's experienced physical security, social support and oxytocin administration was measured with targeted questions, and their perceived stress with the short and modified version of the Perceived Stress Scale...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712646/live-births-after-embryo-selection-using-morphokinetics-versus-conventional-morphology-a-retrospective-analysis
#15
Simon Fishel, Alison Campbell, Sue Montgomery, Rachel Smith, Lynne Nice, Samantha Duffy, Lucy Jenner, Kathyrn Berrisford, Louise Kellam, Rob Smith, Ivy D'Cruz, Ashley Beccles
The increasing corpus of clinical studies using time-lapse imaging for embryo selection demonstrates considerable variation in study protocols and only limited-sized study cohorts. Outcome measures are based on implantation or clinical pregnancy; some predict blastulation from early cleavage-stage data, and few have evaluated live birth. Erroneously, most studies treat the embryos as independent variables and do not include patient or treatment variables in the statistical analyses. In this study, cohort size was 14,793 patients and 23,762 cycles...
June 23, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711888/-comparative-analysis-of-dynamics-of-health-status-indexes-among-school-age-children-of-ukraine-in-modern-conditions
#16
Оксана Саргош, Оксана Четверикова, Инна Беликова, Александр Катрушов
INTRODUCTION: In the last time, there is a negative dynamics of indicators of the health of the child population in Ukraine in connection with socio-economic problems. AIM: The analysis of the data of the incidence and the prevalence of diseases among the children of the Poltava region in comparison with those of Ukraine for the period 2011-2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our work are used data of State statistics of incidence and prevalence of diseases among the child population of Ukraine...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708849/identification-and-characterization-of-batf3-as-a-context-specific-coactivator-of-the-glucocorticoid-receptor
#17
Petra Birth, Stefanie Schöne, Ulrich Stelzl, Sebastiaan H Meijsing
The ability of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) to regulate the transcriptional output of genes relies on its interactions with transcriptional coregulators. However, which coregulators are required for GR-dependent activation is context-dependent and can be influenced by the sequence of the DNA bound by GR and by the nature of the GR isoform responsible for the regulation of a gene. Here, we screened for GR-interacting proteins for which the interaction signal differed between two GR isoforms GRα and GRγ...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708527/artificially-extended-photoperiod-administered-to-pre-partum-mares-via-blue-light-to-a-single-eye-observations-on-gestation-length-foal-birth-weight-and-foal-hair-coat-at-birth
#18
Margaret B Nolan, Caroline M Walsh, Noelle Duff, Conor McCrarren, Ralph L Prendergast, Barbara A Murphy
In seasonally breeding animals, photoperiod perception is crucial for timing of important physiological events. In the horse, long day photoperiod influences the onset of ovulation and cyclicity, shedding of the heavier winter coat and the timing of parturition. In this compilation of studies, conducted across three breeding seasons and two countries, the impact of artificially extended day length was investigated on gestation length, foal birth weight and foal hair coat at birth. The light therapy was administered to pre-partum mares via mobile head worn masks which provided short wavelength blue light to a single eye...
June 9, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706368/knowledge-and-behaviour-regarding-birth-prevention-of-healthcare-providers
#19
Smriti Bhargava, Nupur Hooja, Rajani Nawal, Bhomraj Kumawat, Avantika Sharma, Richa Manish
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare providers are an important link with the general public to impart knowledge regarding contraception. They are an important source of providing information regarding different methods of contraception, their proper use and removing the myths from the couple's mind. However, their own attitude and practice of contraception are often lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the attitude and practice of contraception over the last 1 year of nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Jaipur...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701910/the-impact-of-ecological-niche-on-adaptive-flexibility-of-sensory-circuitry
#20
REVIEW
Sarah L Pallas
Evolution and development are interdependent, particularly with regard to the construction of the nervous system and its position as the machine that produces behavior. On the one hand, the processes directing development and plasticity of the brain provide avenues through which natural selection can sculpt neural cell fate and connectivity, and on the other hand, they are themselves subject to selection pressure. For example, mutations that produce heritable perturbations in neuronal birth and death rates, transcription factor expression, or availability of axon guidance factors within sensory pathways can markedly affect the development of form and thus the function of stimulus decoding circuitry...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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