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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430971/association-between-native-american-owned-casinos-and-the-prevalence-of-large-for-gestational-age-births
#1
Jessica C Jones-Smith, William H Dow, Vanessa M Oddo
Background: A small number of studies have used a natural experiment approach to examine the health impacts of increased economic resources stemming from Native American-owned casinos. We build on this work by examining whether casinos are associated with obesity-related health in utero . Methods: We examined whether casino openings or expansion (as proxy for increased economic resources) are associated with a decreased likelihood of infants being born large-for-gestational-age (LGA), an important risk factor for childhood overweight/obesity...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416845/-anesthetic-choice-for-patients-undergoing-cesarean-section-complicated-with-placenta-implantation
#2
Y Wang, H Zeng, X Y Guo, X Y Rong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anesthetic choice for patients undergoing cesarean section complicated with placenta implantation. METHODS: A retrospective case review of the patients with placenta implantation between 2008 and 2013 at Peking University Third Hospital was conducted in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 codes, excluding natural birth and not first diagnosed in our hospital, a total of 96 cases were incorporated into this study. According to the degree of implantation, they were divided into three groups: accreta group, increta group and percreta group...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415966/birth-by-caesarean-section-and-school-performance-in-swedish-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#3
Eileen A Curran, Louise C Kenny, Christina Dalman, Patricia M Kearney, John F Cryan, Timothy G Dinan, Ali S Khashan
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to assess the impact of obstetric mode of delivery, and in particular birth by Caesarean section (CS), on school performance in adolescents using a large, population-based cohort. METHODS: We extracted data from the Swedish Medical Birth Register and National School Register. We included all live singleton births in Sweden from 1982-1995 (n = 1,489,925). School grades were reported on a scale from 0 to 320, scores less than 160 (i...
April 17, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414605/use-of-a-novel-surgical-approach-for-treatment-of-complete-bilateral-membranous-choanal-atresia-in-an-alpaca-cria
#4
Karine Pader, Patrick M Burns, Anne-Claire Brisville, Marjolaine Rousseau, Laurent Blond, Geoffrey Truchetti, Hélène Lardé, Catherine Lapointe, David Francoz
CASE DESCRIPTION A 4-hour-old 6.3-kg (13.9-lb) female alpaca cria was evaluated because of severe respiratory distress and difficulty nursing since birth. CLINICAL FINDINGS The cria had open-mouth breathing and cyanotic membranes, with no airflow evident from either nostril. Supplemental oxygen was delivered, and the patient was anesthetized and intubated orotracheally; a CT evaluation of the head confirmed bilateral membranous obstruction of the nasal cavities, consistent with complete bilateral choanal atresia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411030/a-critical-and-interpretive-literature-review-of-birthing-women-s-non-elicited-pain-language
#5
Stephanie Power, Fiona E Bogossian, Roland Sussex, Jenny Strong
BACKGROUND: Standardised pain assessment i.e. the McGill Pain Questionnaire provide an elicited pain language. Midwives observe spontaneous non-elicited pain language to guide their assessment of how a woman is coping with labour. This paper examined the labour pain experience using the questions: What type of pain language do women use? Do any of the words match the descriptors of standardised pain assessments? What type of information doverbal and non-verbal cues provide to the midwife? METHODS: A literature search was conducted in 2013...
April 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407851/time-dependent-changes-and-prognostic-value-of-lactatemia-during-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-in-brachycephalic-newborn-dogs
#6
C Castagnetti, M Cunto, C Bini, J Mariella, S Capolongo, D Zambelli
Blood lactate concentration is known to be a good prognostic indicator associated with the severity of illness and the patient's outcome both in human and veterinary medicine. It also plays a significant role in the assessment of the newborn, being a good indicator of fetal hypoxia and the ideal predictor of morbidity at term in babies. In veterinary neonatal medicine, hyperlactatemia is considered a valid prognostic marker in critically ill foals; moreover, blood lactate measurement has been proposed for the evaluation of newborn viability and the assessment of fetal distress during delivery in dogs...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399814/sirt6-polymorphism-rs117385980-is-associated-with-longevity-and-healthy-aging-in-finnish-men
#7
Katariina Hirvonen, Hannele Laivuori, Jari Lahti, Timo Strandberg, Johan G Eriksson, Peter Hackman
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin-6 (SIRT6) is involved in various crucial cellular pathways, being a key regulator of telomere structure, DNA repair, metabolism, transcriptional control and the NF-kappa B pathway. Sirt6 knock-out mice have been reported to develop typical features of aging and senescence at the age of 2-3 weeks and die within 4 weeks. The aim of this study was to investigate whether sequence variations of SIRT6 are associated with aging and longevity in Finnish men. METHODS: The sample of this study consisted of 43 longer-living and healthy males and 92 male control subjects who have died of natural causes at an average age of 66,6 (±4,1) years and who belonged to the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (HBCS)...
April 11, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398491/pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-following-letrozole-use-in-frozen-thawed-single-embryo-transfer-cycles
#8
T Tatsumi, S C Jwa, A Kuwahara, M Irahara, T Kubota, H Saito
STUDY QUESTION: Are pregnancy and neonatal outcomes following letrozole use comparable with natural and HRT cycles in patients undergoing single frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Letrozole use was significantly associated with higher rates of clinical pregnancy, clinical pregnancy with fetal heart beat and live birth, and with a lower rate of miscarriage, compared with natural and HRT cycles. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Letrozole is the most commonly used aromatase inhibitor for mild ovarian stimulation in ART...
April 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395550/the-impact-of-inter-pregnancy-interval-on-subsequent-risk-of-preterm-birth
#9
Vid Janša, Isaac Blickstein, Miha Lučovnik, Vesna Fabjan-Vodušek, Ivan Verdenik, Nataša Tul
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess optimal time to conceive after previous delivery associated with smallest risk of preterm birth. METHODS: We selected all women (n = 2723) with their first and second singleton delivery between the years 2004 and 2012. Inter-pregnancy interval was defined as that between live birth and subsequent conception. We performed logistic regression analyses to assess the risk of preterm birth adjusted for maternal age and body mass index...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392703/robin-sequence-what-the-multidisciplinary-approach-can-do
#10
REVIEW
Stephanie M Cohen, S Travis Greathouse, Cyrus C Rabbani, Joseph O'Neil, Matthew A Kardatzke, Tasha E Hall, William E Bennett, Ameet S Daftary, Bruce H Matt, Sunil S Tholpady
Robin sequence (RS) is a commonly encountered triad of micrognathia, glossoptosis, and airway obstruction, with or without a cleft palate. The management of airway obstruction is of paramount importance, and multiple reviews and retrospective series outline the diagnosis and treatment of RS. This article focuses on the multidisciplinary nature of RS and the specialists' contributions and thought processes regarding the management of the RS child from birth to skeletal maturity. This review demonstrates that the care of these children extends far beyond the acute airway obstruction and that thorough monitoring and appropriate intervention are required to help them achieve optimal outcomes...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391102/contributions-of-specific-causes-of-death-to-lost-life-expectancy-in-severe-mental-illness
#11
N Jayatilleke, R D Hayes, R Dutta, H Shetty, M Hotopf, C-K Chang, R Stewart
The life expectancy gap between people with severe mental illness (SMI) and the general population persists and may even be widening. This study aimed to estimate contributions of specific causes of death to the gap. Age of death and primary cause of death were used to estimate life expectancy at birth for people with SMI from a large mental healthcare case register during 2007-2012. Using data for England and Wales in 2010, death rates in the SMI cohort for each primary cause of death category were replaced with gender- and age-specific norms for that cause...
March 17, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385000/potential-biomarkers-as-the-indicator-of-vertical-transmission-of-johne-s-disease-in-a-korean-native-cattle-farm
#12
Hong-Tae Park, Hyun-Eui Park, Yong-Il Cho, Eui-Hyung Kim, Myunghwan Jung, Seung Won Shin, Su-Hyung Lee, Dae-Yong Kim, Han Sang Yoo
Paratuberculosis (PTB) is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) which is one of the most widespread and economically important disease in cattle. Calves are raising with natural breast feeding without separation from their mothers after birth in most Korean native cattle farms (Hanwoo breed). Vertical transmission of the disease has been known even though exact infection route of PTB has not been revealed in Korean native cattle farm. Therefore, calves from MAP sero-positive cows were tested by detection of MAP in the feces and tissues, and antibody against MAP...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384551/nature-works-best-when-allowed-to-run-its-course-the-experience-of-midwives-promoting-normal-births-in-a-home-birth-setting
#13
Ingvild Aune, Mari A Hoston, Nora J Kolshus, Christel E G Larsen
OBJECTIVE: to gain a deeper understanding of how midwives promote a normal birth in a home birth setting in Norway. DESIGN/SETTING: a qualitative approach was chosen for data collection. In-depth interviews were conducted with nine midwives working in a home birth setting in different areas in Norway. The transcribed interviews were analysed with the help of systematic text condensation. FINDINGS: the analysis generated two main themes: «The midwife's fundamental beliefs» and «Working in line with one's ideology»...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383542/quantitative-clinical-characteristics-of-53-patients-with-mps-vii-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#14
Matthias Zielonka, Sven F Garbade, Stefan Kölker, Georg F Hoffmann, Markus Ries
PURPOSE: The main purpose of the study was to provide quantitative data regarding survival and diagnostic delay. Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) type VII (OMIM 253220) is a progressive neurometabolic disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme β-glucuronidase (GUS). Hard clinical end points have not been quantitatedMethods:We quantitatively analyzed published cases with MPS VII (N = 53/88 with sufficient data). Main outcome measures were onset of disease and survival. The role of biomarkers such as GUS residual enzyme activity and levels of storage material assessed as urinary excretion of glucosaminoglycans (GAG) as potential predictors of clinical outcomes were investigated...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382888/placental-restriction-in-multi-fetal-pregnancies-and-between-twin-differences-in-size-at-birth-alter-neonatal-feeding-behaviour-in-the-sheep
#15
R F Peter, J Gugusheff, A L Wooldridge, K L Gatford, B S Muhlhausler
Most individuals whose growth was restricted before birth undergo accelerated or catch-up neonatal growth. This is an independent risk factor for later metabolic disease, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that natural and experimentally induced in utero growth restriction increase neonatal appetite and milk intake. Control (CON) and placentally restricted (PR) ewes carrying multiple fetuses delivered naturally at term. Outcomes were compared between CON (n=14) and PR (n=12) progeny and within twin lamb pairs...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381570/transient-oral-human-cytomegalovirus-infections-indicate-inefficient-viral-spread-from-very-few-initially-infected-cells
#16
Bryan T Mayer, Elizabeth M Krantz, David Swan, James Ferrenberg, Karen Simmons, Stacy Selke, Meei-Li Huang, Corey Casper, Lawrence Corey, Anna Wald, Joshua T Schiffer, Soren Gantt
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is acquired by the oral route in children, and primary infection is associated with abundant mucosal replication as well as the establishment of latency in myeloid cells that results in lifelong infection. The efficiency of primary CMV infection in humans following oral exposure, however, is unknown. We consistently detected self-limited, low-level oral CMV shedding events, which we termed transient CMV infections, in a prospective birth cohort of 30 highly exposed CMV-uninfected infants...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380602/the-effect-of-farrowing-induction-on-colostrum-and-piglet-serum-immunocrits-is-dependent-on-parity
#17
Jeffrey L Vallet, Jeremy R Miles
Farrowing induction is a common practice among swine producers to manage timing of farrowing and the labor associated with farrowing. In this experiment, the effect of induction of labor using cloprostenol on Day 114 of gestation ( = 88) was compared to our standard farrowing protocol at USMARC (natural farrowing with induction using cloprostenol on Day 116 if needed, = 82) in gilts and sows up to fourth parity. In a subset of dams ( = 10 each treatment), colostrum was collected within 30 min of birth of the first piglet, and at 4, 8, 12, and 24 h...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379454/intervention-strategies-for-cesarean-section-induced-alterations-in-the-microbiota-gut-brain-axis
#18
Angela Moya-Pérez, Pauline Luczynski, Ingrid B Renes, Shugui Wang, Yuliya Borre, C Anthony Ryan, Jan Knol, Catherine Stanton, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
Microbial colonization of the gastrointestinal tract is an essential process that modulates host physiology and immunity. Recently, researchers have begun to understand how and when these microorganisms colonize the gut and the early-life factors that impact their natural ecological establishment. The vertical transmission of maternal microbes to the offspring is a critical factor for host immune and metabolic development. Increasing evidence also points to a role in the wiring of the gut-brain axis. This process may be altered by various factors such as mode of delivery, gestational age at birth, the use of antibiotics in early life, infant feeding, and hygiene practices...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377897/relationship-of-number-of-embryos-transferred-with-perinatal-outcome-of-singleton-pregnancy
#19
Shilpa Bhandari, Ishita Ganguly, Pallavi Agarwal, Niharika Munaganuru, Nitika Gupta, Aparna Singh
BACKGROUND: Singleton pregnancy with a live birth beyond 37 weeks of gestation is the ultimate goal of any assisted reproductive technology. However, singletons conceived after ART are found to have a poor perinatal outcome in comparison to naturally conceived singletons. It was hypothesized that the outcome of singleton conceived after transfer of two or more embryos may be dependent on the sharing of uterine space with other embryos. METHODS: Patients who had single gestational sac visualized at 6 weeks after transfer of 4, 3 or 2 embryos were considered for the study...
January 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375665/application-of-a-natural-language-processing-algorithm-to-asthma-ascertainment-an-automated-chart-review
#20
Chung-Il Wi, Sunghwan Sohn, Mary C Rolfes, Alicia Seabright, Euijung Ryu, Gretchen Voge, Kay A Bachman, Miguel A Park, Hirohito Kita, Ivana T Croghan, Hongfang Liu, Young J Juhn
RATIONALE: Difficulty of asthma ascertainment and its associated methodological heterogeneity have created significant barriers to asthma care and research. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the validity of an existing natural language processing (NLP) algorithm for asthma criteria to enable an automated chart review utilizing electronic medical records (EMRs). METHODS: The study was designed as a retrospective birth cohort study utilizing a random sample of 500 subjects from the 1997-2007 Mayo Birth Cohort who were born at Mayo Clinic and enrolled in primary pediatric care at Mayo Clinic Rochester...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
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