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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441324/designing-fit-for-purpose-health-and-social-services-for-ageing-populations
#1
Jean Woo
Population ageing is occurring in all countries, regardless of the level of economic development. While the rising burden of chronic diseases and disabilities as a consequence of this demographic transition is well recognized, the increasing prevalence of geriatric syndromes as a public health issue is not as well recognized. Recently the World Health Organization's World Health and Ageing Report emphasized functional ability as an important outcome for aging populations, highlighting the concept of raising intrinsic capacity throughout the life course...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440517/-efficacy-and-future-of-endoscopic-bariatric-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-metabolic-diseases
#2
Shangjia Huang, Junchang Zhang, Zhiyong Dong, Cunchuan Wang
The emerging endoscopic technologies are proved to be effective treatments for obesity in selected patients and to offer the potential advantages of reduced invasiveness, reversibility and repeatability. From the view of operation principle, endoscopic technologies can be classified as restrictive procedure, malabsorption procedure and endoscopic revision of gastric bypass. Restrictive procedures include intragastric balloon, aspiration therapy, endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) and transoral gastroplasty...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440046/attenuated-low-grade-inflammation-following-long-term-dietary-intervention-in-postmenopausal-women-with-obesity
#3
Caroline Blomquist, Malin Alvehus, Jonas Burén, Mats Ryberg, Christel Larsson, Bernt Lindahl, Caroline Mellberg, Ingegerd Söderström, Elin Chorell, Tommy Olsson
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal fat accumulation after menopause is associated with low-grade inflammation and increased risk of metabolic disorders. Effective long-term lifestyle treatment is therefore needed. METHODS: Seventy healthy postmenopausal women (age 60 ± 5.6 years) with BMI 32.5 ± 5.5 were randomized to a Paleolithic-type diet (PD) or a prudent control diet (CD) for 24 months. Blood samples and fat biopsies were collected at baseline, 6 months, and 24 months to analyze inflammation-related parameters...
May 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439518/diabetes-adult-neurogenesis-and-brain-remodeling-new-insights-from-rodent-and-zebrafish-models
#4
REVIEW
Anne-Claire Dorsemans, David Couret, Anaïs Hoarau, Olivier Meilhac, Christian Lefebvre d'Hellencourt, Nicolas Diotel
The prevalence of diabetes rapidly increased during the last decades in association with important changes in lifestyle. Diabetes and hyperglycemia are well-known for inducing deleterious effects on physiologic processes, increasing for instance cardiovascular diseases, nephropathy, retinopathy and foot ulceration. Interestingly, diabetes also impairs brain morphology and functions such as (1) decreased neurogenesis (proliferation, differentiation and cell survival), (2) decreased brain volumes, (3) increased blood-brain barrier leakage, (4) increased cognitive impairments, as well as (5) increased stroke incidence and worse neurologic outcomes following stroke...
2017: Neurogenesis (Austin, Tex.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438255/a-strategy-based-on-patient-preference-improves-the-adherence-and-outcomes-of-phosphate-binders-in-hemodialysis%C3%A2
#5
M Dolores Arenas Jiménez, Eduardo Parra Moncasi, Fernando Álvarez-Ude Cotera
PURPOSE: Phosphate binders (PB) have to be taken with food, their interference with an individual's lifestyle and social habits influences treatment adherence. Several PBs are available, and patient preferences should not be ignored when prescribing. The purpose was to know the extent of intentional and unintentional nonadherence to PB in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and to evaluate the long-term results (adherence, serum phosphate levels, and cost) of a strategy of prescription of PB that takes into account patient preferences...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438202/does-parental-and-adolescent-participation-in-an-e-health-lifestyle-modification-intervention-improves-weight-outcomes
#6
Andrew W Tu, Allison W Watts, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Constadina Panagiotopoulos, Josie Geller, Rollin Brant, Susan I Barr, Louise Mâsse
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the effect of adherence to a lifestyle intervention on adolescent health outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine whether adolescent and parental adherence to components of an e-health intervention resulted in change in adolescent body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) z-scores in a sample of overweight/obese adolescents. METHODS: In total, 159 overweight/obese adolescents and their parents participated in an 8-month e-health lifestyle intervention...
April 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438028/cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-as-a-non-pharmacological-platelet-inhibitory-tool-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-survivors
#7
Emese Tóth-Zsámboki, Zsófia Horváth, László Hajtman, Sarolta Leé, Éva Pállinger, Eszter Kuklis, Ádám Tahy, György Fekete, László Kohut, Róbert G Kiss
Background Acute coronary syndrome is associated with platelet hyperactivity, which in its persistent form, promotes recurrent thrombotic events. Complex cardiac rehabilitation after acute coronary syndrome improves clinical outcome; however, its effect on platelet hyperactivity is unknown. Design and methods We enrolled 84 acute coronary syndrome patients on dual antiplatelet therapy, who underwent a new complex cardiac rehabilitation programme (NovaCord physiotherapy, lifestyle counselling, strict diet, stress management and regular coaching) and 51 control acute coronary syndrome patients with traditional cardiac rehabilitation...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437785/the-retina-of-asian-and-african-elephants-comparison-of-newborn-and-adult
#8
Heidrun Kuhrt, Andreas Bringmann, Wolfgang Härtig, Gudrun Wibbelt, Leo Peichl, Andreas Reichenbach
Elephants are precocial mammals that are relatively mature as newborns and mobile shortly after birth. To determine whether the retina of newborn elephants is capable of supporting the mobility of elephant calves, we compared the retinal structures of 2 newborn elephants (1 African and 1 Asian) and 2 adult animals of both species by immunohistochemical and morphometric methods. For the first time, we present here a comprehensive qualitative and quantitative characterization of the cellular composition of the newborn and the adult retinas of 2 elephant species...
April 25, 2017: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437755/an-in-vitro-study-of-cartilage-meniscus-tribology-to-understand-the-changes-caused-by-a-meniscus-implant
#9
Sara Ehsani Majd, Aditya Iman Rizqy, Hans J Kaper, Tannin A Schmidt, Roel Kuijer, Prashant K Sharma
Active lifestyles increase the risk of meniscal injury. A permanent meniscus implant of polycarbonate urethane (PCU) is a promising treatment to postpone/prevent total knee arthroplasty. Study of the changes in articular cartilage tribology in the presence of PCU is essential in developing the optimum meniscus implant. Therefore, a cartilage-meniscus reciprocating, sliding model was developed in vitro, mimicking the stance and swing phases of the gait cycle. The meniscus was further replaced with PCU and surface-modified PCUs (with C18 chains, mono-functional polydimethylsiloxane groups and mono-functional polytetrafluoroethylene groups) to study the changes...
April 18, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436263/modern-methods-for-modeling-change-in-obesity-research-in-nursing
#10
Susan M Sereika, Yaguang Zheng, Lu Hu, Lora E Burke
Persons receiving treatment for weight loss often demonstrate heterogeneity in lifestyle behaviors and health outcomes over time. Traditional repeated measures approaches focus on the estimation and testing of an average temporal pattern, ignoring the interindividual variability about the trajectory. An alternate person-centered approach, group-based trajectory modeling, can be used to identify distinct latent classes of individuals following similar trajectories of behavior or outcome change as a function of age or time and can be expanded to include time-invariant and time-dependent covariates and outcomes...
April 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436236/put-two-and-two-together-to-make-the-most-of-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-a-longitudinal-online-study-examining-cross-behavioural-mechanisms-in-multiple-health-behaviour-change
#11
Juliane Paech, Sonia Lippke
Recommendations for physical activity and for fruit and vegetable intake are often not translated into action due to deficits in self-regulatory strategies. The present study examines the interplay of intention, intergoal facilitation, action and coping planning and self-regulation in facilitating physical activity and healthy nutrition. In an online study, intentions and behaviours were assessed at baseline, intergoal facilitation and planning at 4-week follow-up, self-regulation, physical activity and nutrition at 6-month follow-up in a non-clinical sample...
April 23, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435312/prevalence-of-chronic-pain-with-neuropathic-characteristics-a-randomized-telephone-survey-among-medical-center-patients-in-kuwait
#12
Nadia Zghoul, Edgar L Ross, Robert R Edwards, Adel Ahmed, Robert N Jamison
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain with neuropathic characteristics is considered to be an international health problem. However, surveys on the actual incidence of neuropathic pain have not been conducted in many Middle East countries, including Kuwait. The aim of this study was to examine the incidence of pain and medical comorbidities among a random sample of patients treated at a large medical center in Kuwait. METHODS: A list of 1,000 patients was created from the hospital medical record system, and a telephone survey was conducted on 759 patients who responded to the phone call, of which 67...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434481/is-there-a-role-for-lifestyle-changes-in-cardiovascular-prevention-what-when-and-how
#13
Lluís Masana, Emilio Ros, Isabella Sudano, Denis Angoulvant
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lifestyle has been found to play an important role in the prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is evidence to suggest that if lifestyle factors are modified successfully, the relative risk of CVD can be reduced. Risk factors for CVD such as high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemias can be modified by lifestyle changes. The main aim of this article is to provide best practice approaches and support for healthcare professionals on the role of lifestyle changes in the prevention of CVD...
April 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432801/weight-loss-in-obese-girls-with-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-is-associated-with-a-decrease-of-anti-muellerian-hormone-concentrations
#15
Thomas Reinehr, Alexandra Kulle, Juliane Rothermel, Caroline Knop, Nina Lass, Christina Bosse, Paul-Martin Holterhus
OBJECTIVE: The Anti- Muellerian Hormone (AMH) has been reported as surrogate marker of antral follicles, which are the origins of hyperandrogenism in polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Therefore, AMH may be useful for the diagnosis of PCOS. The objective was to study the longitudinal changes in AMH concentrations in girls with and without PCOS. DESIGN: This is a longitudinal study of obese girls participating in a 1-year lifestyle intervention. PATIENTS: Forty obese girls aged 13-16 years (50% with PCOS) were included in the study...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432494/primary-prevention-and-screening-practices-among-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#16
Lori Mandelzweig, Angela Chetrit, Tova Amitai, Barbara Silverman, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli, Siegal Sadetzki
PURPOSE: Parallel to increasing survival of breast cancer (BC) patients, a need has arisen to characterize the follow-up required to improve and maintain their health. Our study aimed to assess changes in lifestyle habits over time among the study population, compare compliance rates of selected primary and secondary prevention practices between long-term BC survivors and an age-matched comparison group, and identify factors associated with compliance to these practices. METHODS: The study population comprised 250 Israeli BC survivors, diagnosed with BC between 1999 and 2003, without evidence of disease after 8-12 years, and 250 women with no cancer history, individually matched to survivors by age and area of residence...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432290/a-tongue-for-all-seasons-extreme-phenotypic-flexibility-in-salamandrid-newts
#17
Egon Heiss, Stephan Handschuh, Peter Aerts, Sam Van Wassenbergh
Many organisms faced with seasonally fluctuating abiotic and biotic conditions respond by altering their phenotype to account for the demands of environmental changes. Here we discovered that newts, which switch seasonally between an aquatic and terrestrial lifestyle, grow a complex adhesive system on their tongue pad consisting of slender lingual papillae and mucus-producing cells to increase the efficiency of prey capture as they move from water onto land. The adhesive system is reduced again as newts switch back to their aquatic stage, where they use suction to capture prey...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432116/effects-of-exercise-and-aging-on-skeletal-muscle
#18
Giovanna Distefano, Bret H Goodpaster
A substantial loss of muscle mass and strength (sarcopenia), a decreased regenerative capacity, and a compromised physical performance are hallmarks of aging skeletal muscle. These changes are typically accompanied by impaired muscle metabolism, including mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance. A challenge in the field of muscle aging is to dissociate the effects of chronological aging per se on muscle characteristics from the secondary influence of lifestyle and disease processes. Remarkably, physical activity and exercise are well-established countermeasures against muscle aging, and have been shown to attenuate age-related decreases in muscle mass, strength, and regenerative capacity, and slow or prevent impairments in muscle metabolism...
April 21, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430930/alcohol-consumption-and-binge-drinking-in-young-men-as-predictors-of-body-composition-changes-during-military-service
#19
Maria P Hagnäs, Jari Jokelainen, Henna Cederberg-Tamminen, Solja Niemelä, Ilona Mikkola, Pirjo Härkönen, Ulla Rajala, Sirkka Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi
Aims: To evaluate the influences of alcohol consumption frequency and binge drinking on changes in the body composition, lifestyle habits and physical fitness of healthy young men during military service. Methods: A population-based study of men performing their military service in the Sodankylä Jaeger Brigade, Finland in 2005. Body composition, fitness and lifestyle habits were evaluated at baseline and 6-12 months follow-up. Alcohol consumption frequency and binge drinking were categorized as: 'not at all', 'at least once a month' and 'at least once a week'...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430928/typology-and-dynamics-of-heavier-drinking-styles-in-great-britain-1978-2010
#20
Robin C Purshouse, Alan Brennan, Daniel Moyo, James Nicholls, Paul Norman
Aims: To identify a typology of heavier drinking styles in Great Britain and to identify socio-demographic trends in the typology over the period 1978-2010. Methods: We applied multiple correspondence analysis and agglomerative hierarchical clustering to beverage-specific quantity-frequency measures of alcohol consumption in the repeated cross-sectional General Lifestyle Survey of Great Britain, 1978-2010. The cluster analysis focuses on the 60,043 adult respondents over this period reporting average drinking levels above the UK Government guidelines...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
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