keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lifestyle changes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329863/understanding-the-mechanisms-of-change-in-a-lifestyle-intervention-for-older-adults
#1
Christine Juang, Bob G Knight, Mike Carlson, Stacey L Schepens Niemiec, Cheryl Vigen, Florence Clark
Purpose of the Study: This study investigated the mechanisms of change underlying an activity-based lifestyle intervention, an occupational therapy program aimed at promoting healthy habits, and routines in older adults. We examined two activity-relevant factors as potential mediators linking the intervention to reduced symptoms of depression: activity frequency and global perceptions of activity significance. Social connections and perceived control were assessed to understand how activity-related factors relate to reduced symptoms of depression...
January 24, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329638/developing-a-continuous-quality-improvement-assessment-using-a-patient-centered-approach-in-optimizing-sle-disease-control
#2
Katelyn Updyke, Brittany Urso, James A Solomon
Systemic lupus erythematous is a multi-organ autoimmune disease in which the patient has "lost" self- tolerance and developed immune-complexes containing self-antigen that cause disease through tissue inflammation and multi-organ damage. Patients often have unpredictable flares in symptoms with poorly identified triggers. However, it has been suggested in other literature that exogenous exposures, including ingested beef, cigarette smoke, UV radiation, metal-complexing agents, and infections can contribute to exacerbations and improvements in SLE symptoms...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328551/higher-body-mass-index-is-associated-with-greater-proportions-of-effector-cd8-t-cells-expressing-cd57-in-women-living-with-hiv
#3
Michael J A Reid, Sanjiv M Baxi, Lila A Sheira, Alan L Landay, Edward A Frongillo, Adebola Adedimeji, Mardge H Cohen, Eryka Wentz, Deborah R Gustafson, Daniel Merenstein, Peter W Hunt, Phyllis C Tien, Sheri D Weiser
BACKGROUND: A low proportion of CD28-CD8+ T cells that express CD57 is associated with increased mortality in HIV infection. The effect of increasing BMI changes in the proportion of CD57+CD28-CD8+ T cells among HIV-infected individuals on ART is unknown. SETTING: In a U.S. cohort of HIV-infected women, we evaluated associations of BMI and waist circumference with 3 distinct CD8+ T cell phenotypes: % CD28-CD57+CD8+ T cells, % CD57+ of CD28-CD8+ T cells and % CD28- of all CD8 T cells...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327086/design-of-the-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-mentally-ill-outpatients-in-the-netherlands-lion-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-study-of-a-multidimensional-web-tool-intervention-to-improve-cardiometabolic-health-in-patients-with-severe-mental-illness
#4
Anne Looijmans, Frederike Jörg, Richard Bruggeman, Robert Schoevers, Eva Corpeleijn
BACKGROUND: The cardiometabolic health of persons with a severe mental illness (SMI) is alarming with obesity rates of 45-55% and diabetes type 2 rates of 10-15%. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours play a large role in this. Despite the multidisciplinary guideline for SMI patients recommending to monitor and address patients' lifestyle, most mental health care professionals have limited lifestyle-related knowledge and skills, and (lifestyle) treatment protocols are lacking. Evidence-based practical lifestyle tools may support both patients and staff in improving patients' lifestyle...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326299/the-association-between-dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate-dhea-s-and-bone-mineral-density-in-korean-men-and-women
#5
Seung-Gun Park, Sena Hwang, Jong-Suk Kim, Kyung-Chae Park, Yuri Kwon, Kyong-Chol Kim
BACKGROUND: The relationship between dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and bone mineral density (BMD) is controversial. And findings of most studies that have investigated this relationship are restricted to postmenopausal women. In this study, we investigated the relationship between serum DHEA-S and BMD in both men and women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated a total of 294 healthy Korean participants through a medical examination program. And a subgroup of 154 participants was subjected to a longitudinal analysis...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325795/the-pathophysiology-of-hyperglycemia-in-older-adults-clinical-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Pearl G Lee, Jeffrey B Halter
Nearly a quarter of older adults in the U.S. have type 2 diabetes, and this population is continuing to increase with the aging of the population. Older adults are at high risk for the development of type 2 diabetes due to the combined effects of genetic, lifestyle, and aging influences. The usual defects contributing to type 2 diabetes are further complicated by the natural physiological changes associated with aging as well as the comorbidities and functional impairments that are often present in older people...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325517/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-20-year-physical-activity-trends-among-women
#7
Ashley Winning, Paola Gilsanz, Karestan C Koenen, Andrea L Roberts, Qixuan Chen, Jennifer A Sumner, Eric B Rimm, M Maria Glymour, Laura D Kubzansky
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be associated with physical inactivity, a modifiable lifestyle factor that contributes to risk of cardiovascular and other chronic diseases; however, no study has evaluated the association between PTSD onset and subsequent physical activity (PA) changes. METHOD: Analyses were conducted between October 2014 and April 2016, using data from the ongoing Nurses' Health Study II (N=50,327). Trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms were assessed using two previously validated measures, the Brief Trauma Questionnaire and Short Screening Scale for DSM-IV PTSD...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324752/vertical-ground-reaction-force-during-standing-and-walking-are-they-related-to-bone-mineral-density-left-right-asymmetries
#8
Marina Brozgol, Mira Arbiv, Anat Mirelman, Talia Herman, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Nachum Vaisman
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease that is characterized by reduced bone mass, deterioration of bone tissue and skeletal fragility. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether asymmetrical femur bone mineral density (BMD) is associated with asymmetrical gait and standing. We compared measures of gait and standing asymmetry in subjects with (n=38) and without (n=11) significant left-right differences in BMD. Participants walked for 72m at their comfortable speed and stood quietly for 60s while outfitted with pressure-sensitive insoles...
March 7, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323832/age-related-cognitive-decline-and-associations-with-sex-education-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-across-ethnocultural-groups-and-geographic-regions-a-collaborative-cohort-study
#9
Darren M Lipnicki, John D Crawford, Rajib Dutta, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Nicole A Kochan, Gavin Andrews, M Fernanda Lima-Costa, Erico Castro-Costa, Carol Brayne, Fiona E Matthews, Blossom C M Stephan, Richard B Lipton, Mindy J Katz, Karen Ritchie, Jacqueline Scali, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Nikolaos Scarmeas, Mary Yannakoulia, Efthimios Dardiotis, Linda C W Lam, Candy H Y Wong, Ada W T Fung, Antonio Guaita, Roberta Vaccaro, Annalisa Davin, Ki Woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin, Peter Butterworth, Marcia Scazufca, Shuzo Kumagai, Sanmei Chen, Kenji Narazaki, Tze Pin Ng, Qi Gao, Simone Reppermund, Henry Brodaty, Antonio Lobo, Raúl Lopez-Anton, Javier Santabárbara, Perminder S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323510/positive-association-between-the-changes-in-chemerin-and-adiponectin-levels-after-weight-reduction
#10
Hyun-Young Shin, Sohee Park, Ji Won Lee
PURPOSE: Adiponectin and chemerin have been reported their associations with insulin resistance and chronic inflammation. However, the relationship between adiponectin and chemerin themselves has not been fully elucidated. Therefore, we investigated the effects of changes in adiponectin and chemerin levels after a weight intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 136 healthy overweight or obese subjects from 2006 to 2009 and provided all participants lifestyle modification therapy with diet consultations over 16 weeks...
March 21, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322422/use-it-or-lose-it-cognitive-activity-as-a-protec-tive-factor-for-cognitive-decline-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Panagiota Mistridis, Jutta Mata, Stefan Neuner-Jehle, Jean-Marie Annoni, Andreas Biedermann, Irene Bopp-Kistler, Dominique Brand, Andrea Brioschi Guevara, Hedi Decrey-Wick, Jean-François Démonet, Ulrich Hemmeter, Reto W Kressig, Brian Martin, Luca Rampa, Egemen Savaskan, Andreas Stuck, Philipp Tschopp, Dina Zekry, Andreas Monsch
Because of the worldwide aging of populations, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias constitute a devastating experience for patients and families as well as a major social and economic burden for both healthcare systems and society. Multiple potentially modifiable cardiovascular and lifestyle risk factors have been associated with this disease. Thus, modifying these risk factors and identifying protective factors represent important strategies to prevent and delay disease onset and to decrease the social burden...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321910/the-coming-of-age-of-a-young-subspecialty-paediatric-hepatology
#12
REVIEW
Antal Németh
Paediatric hepatology dates from the 1970s and it is the youngest of the organ-specific subspecialties. Since then there have been impressive achievements in the fields of anatomical, metabolic, immunological and neoplastic diseases and the advent of modern molecular biology has resulted in a marked increase in exact diagnoses. Liver transplants provided enormous stimulus for the discipline. Due to changing morbidity patterns the discipline faces new challenges, such as environmental and lifestyle induced liver diseases, but different forms of chronic viral hepatitis are diminishing...
March 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321058/patient-perspectives-on-combination-therapy-of-a-once-weekly-oral-medication-plus-daily-medication-for-lifestyle-related-chronic-diseases
#13
Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Toshihiko Shiraiwa, Naoko Ogawa, Mayumi Yamamoto, Yuko Kusuda, Megumi Shindo, Saki Hashio, Naoto Katakami, Taka-Aki Matsuoka, Iichiro Shimomura
Objective The current study investigated whether or not patients taking multiple daily oral medications for lifestyle-related chronic diseases would have positive perspectives on changing one of their medications to a once-weekly one. Methods A total of 1,071 Japanese outpatients participated in the current study. We performed a questionnaire-based survey and compared the current satisfaction with the ongoing daily oral treatment (current daily-only treatment) and an expected satisfaction with an imaginary oral treatment changing one of their daily oral medications to a once-weekly oral medication (imaginary daily-and-weekly treatment)...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320484/nutritional-intervention-preconception-and-during-pregnancy-to-maintain-healthy-glucose-metabolism-and-offspring-health-nipper-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Keith M Godfrey, Wayne Cutfield, Shiao-Yng Chan, Philip N Baker, Yap-Seng Chong
BACKGROUND: Improved maternal nutrition and glycaemic control before and during pregnancy are thought to benefit the health of the mother, with consequent benefits for infant body composition and later obesity risk. Maternal insulin resistance and glycaemia around conception and in early pregnancy may be key determinants of maternal physiology and placental function, affecting fetal nutrient supply and maternal-feto-placental communications throughout gestation, with implications for later postnatal health...
March 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320081/bariatric-surgery-versus-lifestyle-interventions-for-severe-obesity-5-year-changes-in-body-weight-risk-factors-and-comorbidities
#15
B Øvrebø, M Strømmen, B Kulseng, C Martins
Changes in body weight (BW), risk factors and comorbidities 5 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or different lifestyle interventions are compared. A total of 209 (75% women) severe obese adults were non-randomly allocated to: (A) RYGB (n = 58), (B) weight loss (WL) camp (n = 30), (C) residential intermittent programme (n = 64) or (D) hospital outpatient programme (n = 57). Body weight, risk factors and comorbidities were assessed at baseline, 1 and 5 years. A total of 89 and 54% completed the 1- and 5-year follow-up...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319653/the-ecology-of-human-microbiota-dynamics-and-diversity-in-health-and-disease
#16
Antti Karkman, Jenni Lehtimäki, Lasse Ruokolainen
Social welfare, better health care, and urbanization have greatly improved human health and well-being. On the other hand, Western societies suffer from the downsides of the elevated standard of living. Among other factors, the Western diet (poor in dietary fiber), lack of contact with natural biodiversity, and excessive antibiotic use are known to be associated with the increase in chronic inflammatory disorders. Limited exposure to microbial biodiversity, in combination with severe lifestyle-related disturbances to commensal microbial communities, especially during early life, is changing the diversity and composition of human microbiota...
March 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319107/long-term-weight-change-slope-weight-fluctuation-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-middle-aged-japanese-men-and-women-findings-of-aichi-workers-cohort-study
#17
Y Zhang, H Yatsuya, Y Li, C Chiang, Y Hirakawa, N Kawazoe, K Tamakoshi, H Toyoshima, A Aoyama
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the association of long-term weight-change slopes, weight fluctuation and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in middle-aged Japanese men and women. METHODS: A total of 4234 participants of Aichi Workers' Cohort Study who were aged 35-66 years and free of diabetes in 2002 were followed through 2014. Past body weights at the ages of 20, 25, 30, 40 years, and 5 years before baseline as well as measured body weight at baseline were regressed on the ages...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318814/integrated-yoga-and-naturopathy-module-in-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-report
#18
Swathi Gowda, Sriloy Mohanty, Apar Saoji, Raghuram Nagarathna
A 50-year-old male participant with sedentary lifestyle, diagnosed with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) [obesity, Type-2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension] and hypothyroidism since 2013, was administered integrated Yoga and Naturopathy (IYN) for 6 weeks as a tailor made individualized protocol at the residential integrative medical facility in Bangalore between October and November 2015. The results showed reduction in weight (97.9 kg to 74.6 kg), Body Mass Index (BMI) (35.1 kg/m(2) to 27.86 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol (192 mg% to 145 mg%), triglycerides (153 mg% to 90 mg%), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) (124 mg% to 81 mg%), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) (40 mg% to 46 mg%), fasting blood glucose (110 mg/dl to 75 mg/dl), postprandial glucose (267 mg/dl to 100 mg/dl), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (7...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318434/perceived-barriers-to-following-dietary-recommendations-in-hypertensive-patients
#19
Reza Mahdavi, Azadeh Bagheri Asl, Mohammad Asghari Jafar Abadi, Nazli Namazi
OBJECTIVE: Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most important public health problems in the world. Lifestyle modification including dietary changes such as following the Dietary to Stop Hypertension (DASH) plan is the first step to control HTN. The aim of the present study was to identify perceived barriers to following dietary recommendations in hypertensive patients in Zanjan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 200 outpatients (161 women, 39 men) with essential HTN (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥ 90 mmHg) were recruited from August to November 2012...
March 20, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314557/neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-weight-change-in-a-large-u-s-cohort
#20
Qian Xiao, David Berrigan, Sarah K Keadle, Charles E Matthews
INTRODUCTION: Both excessive weight gain and weight loss are important risk factors in the older population. Neighborhood environment may play an important role in weight change, but neighborhood effects on weight gain and weight loss have not been studied separately. This study examined the associations between neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and excessive weight gain and weight loss. METHODS: This analysis included 153,690 men and 105,179 women (aged 51-70 years)...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
keyword
keyword
2469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"