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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647946/current-strategies-in-nutrition-education-to-optimize-glycemic-management-for-children-with-diabetes
#1
Francesca Annan
Recent developments in the understanding of the impact of dietary quality and meal composition are driving changes in the education provided to children and young people about nutrition and lifestyle management of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D). Nutrition education is moving beyond carbohydrate counting and insulin adjustment to acknowledging the influence of whole food choices on glycemic outcomes.
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647844/digital-health-technologies-to-promote-lifestyle-change-and-adherence
#2
REVIEW
Numan Khan, Francoise A Marvel, Jane Wang, Seth S Martin
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 17.5 million deaths annually, or 31% of all global deaths, according to the World Health Organization. The majority of these deaths are preventable by addressing lifestyle modification (i.e., smoking cessation, diet, obesity, and physical inactivity) and promoting medication adherence. At present, initiatives to develop cost-effective modalities to support self-management, lifestyle modification, and medication adherence are a leading priority...
August 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647124/putative-protein-vc0395_0300-from-vibrio-cholerae-is-a-diguanylate-cyclase-with-a-role-in-biofilm-formation
#3
Divya Bandekar, Om Prakash Chouhan, Swati Mohapatra, Mousumi Hazra, Saugata Hazra, Sumit Biswas
The hallmark of the lifecycle of Vibrio cholerae is its ability to switch between two lifestyles - the sessile, non-pathogenic form and the motile, infectious form in human hosts. One of these changes is in the formation of surface biofilms, when in sessile aquatic habitats. The cell-cell interactions within a V. cholerae biofilm are stabilized by the production of an exopolysachharide (EPS) matrix, which in turn is regulated by the ubiquitous secondary messenger, cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP), synthesized by proteins containing GGD(/E)EF domains in all prokaryotic systems...
September 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#4
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646699/insulin-and-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
REVIEW
Djuro Macut, Jelica Bjekić-Macut, Dario Rahelić, Mirjana Doknić
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most prevalent endocrinopathy among women during reproductive age. PCOS is characterised by hyperandrogenaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, and deranged adipokines secretion from the adipose tissue. In addition to the reduced insulin sensitivity, PCOS women exhibit β-cell dysfunction as well. Low birth weight and foetal exposure to androgens may contribute to the development of the PCOS phenotype during life. Further metabolic complications lead to dyslipidaemia, worsening obesity and glucose tolerance, high prevalence of metabolic syndrome, and greater susceptibility to diabetes...
June 12, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646365/post-diagnosis-serum-insulin-like-growth-factors-in-relation-to-dietary-and-lifestyle-changes-in-the-prostate-testing-for-cancer-and-treatment-protect-trial
#6
Vanessa Er, Kalina Biernacka, Andrew J Simpkin, Richard M Martin, Mona Jeffreys, Pauline Emmett, Rebecca Gilbert, Kerry N L Avery, Eleanor Walsh, Michael Davis, Jenny L Donovan, David E Neal, Freddie C Hamdy, Jeff M P Holly, J Athene Lane
PURPOSE: The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is modifiable by diet and lifestyle, and has been linked to prostate cancer development and progression. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 621 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer to investigate the associations of dietary and lifestyle changes with post-diagnosis circulating levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3. We used analysis of covariance to estimate the associations, controlling for baseline IGF-I or IGFBP-3, respectively...
June 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646250/assessing-competence-at-a-higher-level-among-older-adults-development-of-the-japan-science-and-technology-agency-index-of-competence-jst-ic
#7
Hajime Iwasa, Yukie Masui, Hiroki Inagaki, Yuko Yoshida, Hiroyuki Shimada, Rika Otsuka, Kazunori Kikuchi, Kumiko Nonaka, Hiroto Yoshida, Hideyo Yoshida, Takao Suzuki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Older adults' ever-improving health and changing lifestyles necessitate the development of a scale that can better measure their competence at a higher level. We developed the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence (JST-IC) via item analysis and assessed its psychometric properties. METHODS: Participants were 1306 community-dwelling older adults (623 men and 683 women, 74.0 ± 2.8 years old) who completed the 54-item draft JST-IC to determine their level of independence...
June 23, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643028/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-adipose-tissue-and-metabolic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Alessandro P Delitala, Giampiero Capobianco, Giuseppe Delitala, Pier Luigi Cherchi, Salvatore Dessole
PURPOSE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder that affects women of reproductive age and is characterized by ovulatory dysfunction and/or androgen excess or polycystic ovaries. Women with PCOS present a number of systemic symptoms in addition to those related to the reproductive system. It has been associated with functional derangements in adipose tissue, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: A detailed literature search on Pubmed was done for articles about PCOS, adipokines, insulin resistance, and metabolic syndrome...
June 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642810/association-of-the-composite-inflammatory-biomarker-glyca-with-exercise-induced-changes-in-body-habitus-in-men-and-women-with-prediabetes
#9
David B Bartlett, Cris A Slentz, Margery A Connelly, Lucy W Piner, Leslie H Willis, Lori A Bateman, Esther O Granville, Connie W Bales, Kim M Huffman, William E Kraus
GlycA is a new composite measure of systemic inflammation and a predictor of many inflammatory diseases. GlycA is the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy-derived signal arising from glucosamine residues on acute-phase proteins. This study aimed to evaluate how exercise-based lifestyle interventions modulate GlycA in persons at risk for type 2 diabetes. GlycA, fitness, and body habitus were measured in 169 sedentary adults (45-75 years) with prediabetes randomly assigned to one of four six-month exercise-based lifestyle interventions...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641787/social-jet-lag-potentiates-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-when-combined-with-cafeteria-diet-in-rats
#10
Estefania Espitia-Bautista, Mario Velasco-Ramos, Iván Osnaya-Ramírez, Manuel Ángeles-Castellanos, Ruud M Buijs, Carolina Escobar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Modern lifestyle promotes shifted sleep onset and shifted wake up time between weekdays and weekends, producing a condition termed "social-jet lag." Disrupted sleep promotes increased appetite for carbohydrate and fat-rich food, which in long term leads to overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome. In order to mimic the human situation we produced an experimental model of social-jet lag (Sj-l). With this model, we explored the link between shifted sleep time with consumption of a cafeteria diet (CafD) and the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#11
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639979/multi-options-an-innovative-course-delivery-methodology
#12
Stacie J Elder
Multi-Options is a teaching methodology that allows students to choose the format in which they will attend class. Weekly, they have the choice of attending the face-to-face session, joining synchronously online, or viewing the class asynchronously online at their convenience. Each choice has its own requirements developed to keep the workload uniform for all students. Advantages include conservation of faculty, avoiding the cancellation of poorly populated classes, promoting student independence, and allowing for maximum student flexibility regarding learning style, scheduling needs, and lifestyle...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638713/the-behavioral-and-physiological-effects-of-high-fat-diet-and-alcohol-consumption-sex-differences-in-c57bl6-j-mice
#13
Rachel R Gelineau, Nicole L Arruda, Jasmin A Hicks, Isabella Monteiro De Pina, Aikaterini Hatzidis, Joseph A Seggio
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Animal studies can be a great tool to investigate sex differences in a variety of different ways, including behavioral and physiological responses to drug treatments and different "lifestyle variables" such as diets. Consumption of both high-fat diets and alcohol is known to affect anxiety behaviors and overall health. This project investigated how high-fat diet and alcohol access and its combination affected the behavior and physiology of male and female C57BL/6J mice...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637406/socioeconomic-status-the-missing-link-between-obesity-and-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Alexei Volaco, Ana Maria Cavalcanti, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Dalton Bertolim Précoma
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is an epidemic expansion of the obesity rates worldwide. The increasing number of obese individuals associated with the aging of population leads to increasing number of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at the same rate. The traditional factors that link obesity to T2DM are related to genetics, hypercaloric diet, sedentary lifestyle, and stress. Individuals from lower socioeconomic status (SES) have restricted autonomy and opportunities that could lead to more stress and consequently increase in stress hormones, such as cortisol, catecholamines, glucagon, and growth hormone, which might ultimately change fat deposition, increasing visceral fat and increasing the risk of T2DM mellitus development...
June 21, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636832/nutrient-deficiencies-are-common-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#15
Leigh A Frame-Peterson, Robin D Megill, Suzanne Carobrese, Michael Schweitzer
Obesity, defined as a body mass index >30 kg/m(2), is a growing worldwide epidemic currently effecting 1 in 10 adults, with rates as high as 40% in the United States. The only proven long-term treatment of severe obesity on a population level is surgical modification of the gastrointestinal anatomy to induce weight loss, termed bariatric surgery. With adequate physician guidance and appropriate candidate criteria, bariatric surgery is an option for effective long-term treatment of obesity and its related comorbidities...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636213/distribution-and-hypoxia-regulation-of-haemocyanin-in-springtails-collembola
#16
S Flachsbarth, M Kruse, T Burmester
Haemocyanin is the copper-containing respiratory protein present in many arthropods. In the hexapods, respiratory proteins had long been considered unnecessary as sufficient O2 was thought to be obtained via the trachea. Nevertheless, many ametabolous and hemimetabolous hexapod species actually possess haemocyanin. Here we investigated the occurrence of haemocyanin in Collembola (springtails). Haemocyanin was found in 22 collembolan species of the suborders Symphypleona, Tomoceroidea and Entomobryomorpha, demonstrating its widespread occurrence...
June 21, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635526/a-randomized-lifestyle-intervention-preventing-gestational-diabetes-effects-on-self-rated-health-from-pregnancy-to-postpartum
#17
Elina Engberg, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Kristiina Rönö, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson, Saila B Koivusalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose was to examine the effects of a randomized lifestyle intervention on self-rated health from pregnancy to postpartum in participants at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We included 266 women with a history of gestational diabetes and/or prepregnancy BMI ≥30 kg/m(2). The intervention group (n = 144) received individualized counseling on diet, physical activity, and weight management from trained nurses at six timepoints between the first trimester of pregnancy and 12 months postpartum, and met three times with a dietitian...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635519/the-elicitor-protein-ases-induces-a-sar-response-accompanied-by-systemic-microbursts-and-micro-hrs-in-fragaria-ananassa
#18
Verónica Hael Conrad, Silvia Marisa Perato, Marta Elena Arias, Martín Gustavo Martínez Zamora, Pía de Los Ángeles Di Peto, Gustavo Gabriel Martos, Atilio Pedro Castagnaro, Juan Carlos Diaz-Ricci, Nadia Regina Chalfoun
The elicitor AsES (Acremonium strictum Elicitor Subtilisin) is a 34 KDa subtilisin-like protein secreted by the opportunistic fungus Acremonium strictum. AsES activates the innate immunity and confers resistance against anthracnose and grey mold diseases in strawberry plants (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) and the last disease also in Arabidopsis. In the present work, we show that upon AsES recognition, a cascade of defense responses is activated, including: calcium influx, biphasic oxidative burst (O2(.-) and H2O2), HR response, accumulation of autofluorescent compounds, cell wall reinforcement with callose and lignin deposition, salicylic acid accumulation, and expression of defense-related genes such as FaPR1, FaPG1, FaMYB30, FaRBOH-D, FaRBOH-F, FaCHI23 and FaFLS...
June 21, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#19
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632997/epidemiology-of-obesity-and-pharmacologic-treatment-options
#20
Vignesh Shettar, Sarang Patel, Srividya Kidambi
Prevalence of obesity and its related morbidity have increased to alarming levels in adults and children in the United States and globally. Weight loss results in improvement of much of the obesity-related morbidity. Lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications, increased physical activity, and behavioral therapy form the crux of weight management. However, many individuals need additional assistance (pharmacologic or surgical) to initiate or sustain weight loss. Pharmacologic therapy consists of a number of agents that work by decreasing appetite, gastric emptying, or nutrient absorption or by increasing satiety...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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