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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933284/reasons-for-prescription-opioid-use-while-playing-in-the-national-football-league-as-risk-factors-for-current-use-and-misuse-among-former-players
#1
Eugene M Dunne, Catherine W Striley, Zachary L Mannes, Breton M Asken, Nicole E Whitehead, Linda B Cottler
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid misuse has become a significant public health issue. Previous research has examined predictors of prescription opioid use and misuse among former National Football League (NFL) players. The present study aimed to describe how reasons for prescription opioid use while in the NFL corresponds to use and misuse in retirement. DESIGN: Former NFL players reporting prescription opioid use during their playing careers (N = 336) were included in this secondary data analysis...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933229/potentially-inappropriate-medications-in-elderly-ambulatory-patients-a-comparative-study-between-a-primary-health-care-center-and-a-community-pharmacy
#2
Luciana C Chiapella, Jorgelina Montemarani Menna, María Eugenia Mamprin
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the medication dispensed to elderly patients in a primary health care center (PHC) and a community pharmacy (CP) in Argentina and to identify the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study. Data were acquired from 886 prescriptions in the PHC and 2368 in the CP between February and April 2015. Dispensed medications were coded according to the Anatomical, Therapeutic, and Chemical (ATC) classification system...
June 19, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933013/prescription-patterns-and-characteristics-of-users-of-chinese-herbal-products-in-the-us-analysis-of-a-teaching-center-prescription-database
#3
Kai-Yin Hsu, Kenneth Kwan Ho Chui, Lisa Conboy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932786/current-treatment-options-for-vulvovaginal-candidiasis-caused-by-azole-resistant-candida-species
#4
J D Sobel, R Sobel
Clinicians are increasingly challenged by patients with refractory vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) caused by azole-resistant Candida species. Fluconazole resistant C.albicans is a growing and perplexing problem following years of indiscriminate drug prescription and unnecessary drug exposure and for which there are few therapeutic alternatives. Regrettably, although the azole class of drugs has expanded, new classes of antifungal drugs have not been forthcoming, limiting effective treatment options in patients with azole resistant Candida vaginitis...
June 22, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932753/plantar-pressure-distribution-in-patients-with-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-and-a-first-ray-amputation
#5
Iona Borg, Stephen Mizzi, Cynthia Formosa
BACKGROUND: Elevated dynamic plantar pressures are a consistent finding in diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy, with implications for plantar foot ulceration. This study aimed to investigate whether a first-ray amputation affects plantar pressures and plantar pressure distribution patterns in individuals living with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy. METHODS: A nonexperimental matched-subject design was conducted. Twenty patients living with diabetes and peripheral neuropathy were recruited...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932750/in-shoe-plantar-pressure-profiles-in-amateur-basketball-players-implications-for-footwear-recommendations-and-orthosis-use
#6
Pui W Kong, Wing K Lam, Wei X Ng, Luqman Aziz, Hin F Leong
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical analysis of foot loading characteristics may provide insights into the injury mechanisms and guide orthotic prescription for basketball players. This study aimed to quantify in-shoe plantar pressure profiles in amateur players when executing typical basketball movements. METHODS: Twenty male university basketball players performed four basketball-specific movement tasks-running, maximal forward sprinting, maximal 45° cutting, and layup-in a pair of standardized basketball shoes fitted with an in-shoe plantar pressure measurement system...
May 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932454/use-of-prescription-drugs-among-women-diagnosed-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-in-denmark
#7
Anton Pottegård, Søren Friis, Freija Verdoodt, Christian Dehlendorff, Jesper Hallas, Susanne Krüger Kjaer
Epithelial ovarian cancer patients often suffer from chronic diseases requiring drug treatment. We assessed temporal patterns of drug use among ovarian cancer patients MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified all post-menopausal women with epithelial ovarian cancer in Denmark 2005-2012 and a comparison cohort of age-matched women without cancer. We calculated rates of new drug treatment and total drug use and examined use of new and prevalent drugs before and after diagnosis. Analyses were stratified by histological type and stage of epithelial ovarian cancer RESULTS: We identified 2,742 patients...
June 22, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932266/eanm-ean-recommendations-for-the-use-of-brain-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-fdg-pet-in-neurodegenerative-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-delphi-consensus
#8
Flavio Nobili, Javier Arbizu, Femke Bouwman, Alexander Drzezga, Federica Agosta, Peter Nestor, Zuzana Walker, Marina Boccardi
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for using FDG-PET to support the diagnosis of dementing neurodegenerative disorders are sparse and poorly structured. METHODS: We defined 21 questions on diagnostic issues and on semi-automated analysis to assist visual reading. Literature was reviewed to assess study design, risk of bias, inconsistency, imprecision, indirectness and effect size. Critical outcomes were sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive/negative predictive value, area under the receiving operating characteristic curve, and positive/negative likelihood ratio of FDG-PET in detecting the target conditions...
June 22, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932115/a-method-for-developing-rapid-screening-values-for-active-pharmaceutical-ingredients-apis-in-water-and-results-of-initial-application-for-119-apis
#9
Ashley Suchomel, Helen Goeden, Julia Dady
Americans fill upward of four billion prescriptions for pharmaceuticals each year, and many of those pharmaceuticals eventually make their way into the environment. Hundreds of different active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) are detected in ambient waters and source water used for drinking water in the U.S. Very few of these drugs have health-based guidance values that suggest a safe level for individuals exposed in the ambient environment through drinking water. The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) has developed a novel method to derive screening-level human health guidance values for APIs...
June 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932034/clinical-use-of-toxic-proteins-and-peptides-from-tian-hua-fen-and-scorpion-venom
#10
Chen Ling, Yuanhui Zhang, Jun Li, Wenli Chen, Changquan Ling
Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been practiced in China for thousands of years. As a complementary and alternative treatment, herbal medicines that are frequently used in the TCM are the most accepted in the Western world. However, animal materials, which are equally important in the TCM practice, are not well-known in other countries. On the other hand, the Chinese doctors had documented the toxic profiles of hundreds of animals and plants thousand years ago. Furthermore, they saw the potential benefits of these materials and used their toxic properties to treat a wide variety of diseases, such as heavy pain and cancer...
June 21, 2018: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932017/potential-interventions-for-preventing-pesticide-self-poisoning-by-restricting-access-through-vendors-in-sri-lanka
#11
Manjula Weerasinghe, Flemming Konradsen, Michael Eddleston, Melissa Pearson, Shaluka Jayamanne, David Gunnell, Keith Hawton, Suneth Agampodi
BACKGROUND: In South Asia, up to one in five individuals who use pesticides for self-harm purchase them immediately prior to the event. AIMS: From reviewing the literature we proposed four interventions: (a) farmer identification cards (ID); (b) prescriptions; (c) cooling-off periods; and (d) training pesticide vendors. We aimed to identify the most promising intervention. METHOD: The study was conducted in Sri Lanka. We mapped stakeholders' interest and power in relation to each intervention, and followed this by a ranking exercise...
June 21, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931649/one-year-efficacy-and-safety-of-routine-prasugrel-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-treated-with-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-results-of-the-prospective-rijnmond-collective-cardiology-research-study
#12
T Yetgin, E Boersma, P C Smits, A G de Vries, E Huijskens, F Zijlstra, M M J M van der Linden, R J M van Geuns
OBJECTIVE: To investigate 1‑year outcomes with routine prasugrel treatment after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in a large-scale registry. METHODS: The Rijnmond Collective Cardiology Research registry is a prospective, observational study that enrolled 4,258 consecutive ACS patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with 1‑year follow-up. Patients received prasugrel as first-choice antiplatelet agent, except for increased bleeding risk patients in which clopidogrel was recommended...
June 21, 2018: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931493/acceptability-of-postpartum-contraception-counseling-at-the-well-baby-visit
#13
Tara Kumaraswami, Kristin M Rankin, Britt Lunde, Allison Cowett, Rachel Caskey, Bryna Harwood
Objectives The postpartum period is a high-risk time for unintended pregnancy, and additional opportunities to provide contraception are needed. Our objective was to evaluate the acceptability of providing postpartum contraceptive counseling at a pediatric well baby visit, and compare it to counseling at the routine postpartum visit. Methods Postpartum women (100 per group) were recruited for this cohort study at pediatric well baby visits and obstetric postpartum visits at an academic medical center. Well baby participants completed a baseline survey followed by contraceptive counseling by an obstetrician or midwife and a post-counseling survey...
June 21, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931376/medication-compliance-in-singaporean-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Zheng Kang Lum, Ma Serrie P Suministrado, N Venketasubramanian, M Kamran Ikram, Christopher Chen
INTRODUCTION: Singapore has a rapidly ageing population and an increasing prevalence of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Compliance to AD medications is associated with treatment effectiveness. We investigated compliance to acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist and treatment persistence among patients seen at the General Memory Clinic of National University Hospital, Singapore. We also identified the reasons for non-compliance. METHODS: Patients seen at the General Memory Clinic between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2014, who were prescribed AChEIs and NMDA receptor antagonist, were included in this retrospective cohort study...
June 22, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931110/general-practitioner-consultation-after-a-visit-to-the-emergency-department-an-observational-study
#15
Julie Rotival, Youri Yordanov, Pierre-Clément Thiebaud, Nathalie Pelletier-Fleury, Elsa Jacquet, Erwan Debuc, Dominique Pateron, Diane Naouri
Background: Some studies have demonstrated an association between poor continuity of care, high likelihood of 'inappropriate' use of emergency departments (EDs) and avoidable hospitalization. However, we lack data concerning primary care use after an ED visit. Objective: Identify the determinants of a visit to the general practitioner (GP) after an ED visit. Design: Observational study (single-centre cohort). Setting: One emergency department in Paris, France...
June 21, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930813/assessment-of-primary-labeling-of-medicines-manufactured-by-nepalese-pharmaceutical-industries
#16
Ramesh Sharma Poudel, Shakti Shrestha, Santosh Thapa, Bhupendra Kumar Poudel, Muniraj Chhetri
Background: Appropriate labeling of marketed medicines is necessary to fulfill the regulatory provisions and ensure patient medication safety. This study aimed to assess the primary labeling of medicines manufactured and marketed by Nepalese pharmaceutical industries. Methods: We assessed the primary labeling of all medicines available at the pharmacy of Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital (CMCTH), Chitwan, Nepal, between November 2017 to December 2017. Medicines were assessed as required by Drug Standard Regulation, 2043 (1986 AD) of Nepal...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29930223/on-the-addictive-power-of-gabapentinoids-a-mini-review
#17
Udo Bonnet, Emily-Lisa Richter, Katrin Isbruch, Norbert Scherbaum
The gabapentinoids gabapentin and pregabalin have been related to addiction citing pharmacovigilance data, some case presentations and increasing reports mainly from methadone maintenance treatment programs or emergency medicine. Most of these reports were based on patients with another current or previous substance use disorder (SUD). According to the ICD-10 dependence criteria, physical dependence (withdrawal symptoms, tolerance) was reported most frequently alongside regular use of gabapentinoids. Far less patients showed key symptoms of behavioral dependence (craving, loss of control, or addictive behavior)...
June 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929948/the-prescription-of-mobile-apps-by-primary-care-teams-a-pilot-project-in-catalonia
#18
Francesc Lopez Segui, Carme Pratdepadua Bufill, Nuria Abdon Gimenez, Jordi Martinez Roldan, Francesc Garcia Cuyas
BACKGROUND: In Catalonia, the Fundació TIC Salut Social's mHealth Office created the AppSalut Site to showcase to mobile apps in the field of health and social services. Its primary objective was to encourage the public to look after their health. The catalogue allows primary health care doctors to prescribe certified, connected apps, which guarantees a safe and reliable environment for their use. The generated data can be consulted by health care professionals and included in the patient's clinical history...
June 21, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929728/dentists-prescribing-of-antibiotics-and-opioids-to-medicare-part-d-beneficiaries-medications-of-high-impact-to-public-health
#19
Laura Koppen, Katie J Suda, Susan Rowan, Jessina McGregor, Charlesnika T Evans
BACKGROUND: Gaining a better understanding of dental prescribing can help identify opportunities for intervention regarding optimal medication use. The purpose of this study is to characterize opioid and antibiotic prescribing patterns of dentists in the United States for Medicare Part D beneficiaries. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of national 2014 Medicare Part D Prescriber Public Use File data. Providers in the data set with dental-related disciplines were included (n = 99,797)...
June 18, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929519/prescription-patterns-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-amongst-taiwanese-children-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Hwey-Fang Liang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pau-Chung Chen, Hsing-Chun Kuo, Chia-Hao Chang, Ying-Hsiang Wang, Kuang-Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used by Chinese patients and in many other countries worldwide. However, epidemiological reports and prescription patterns on children are few. METHODS: A cohort of 178,617 children aged 18 and under from one million randomly sampled cases of the National Health Insurance Research Database was analyzed for TCM prescription patterns. SAS 9.1 was applied and descriptive medicine utilization patterns were presented...
June 22, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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