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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591322/myocardial-viability-on-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#1
Ana Luiza Mansur Souto, Rafael Mansur Souto, Isabella Cristina Resende Teixeira, Marcelo Souto Nacif
The study of myocardial viability is of great importance in the orientation and management of patients requiring myocardial revascularization or angioplasty. The technique of delayed enhancement (DE) is accurate and has transformed the study of viability into an easy test, not only for the detection of fibrosis but also as a binary test detecting what is viable or not. On DE, fibrosis equal to or greater than 50% of the segmental area is considered as non-viable, whereas that below 50% is considered viable...
May 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585854/abordaje-nutricional-del-paciente-con-diabetes-mellitus-e-insuficiencia-renal-cr%C3%A3-nica-a-prop%C3%A3-sito-de-un-caso
#2
Beatriz Torres Torres, Olatz Izaola Jáuregu, Daniel A De Luis Román
La prevención y el tratamiento de la enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) en pacientes con diabetes ha sido un tema de gran interés a lo largo de los años. Para conseguir un adecuado control glucémico, una función renal estable y una reducción del riesgo cardiovascular, es fundamental un correcto aporte de hidratos de carbono, lípidos y proteínas. Las medidas dietéticas realizadas se irán modificando a lo largo de la evolución de la ERC. La malnutrición energético-proteica es muy frecuente en pacientes con ERC y diabetes y es un importante predictor de morbimortalidad...
May 8, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585851/update-en-abordaje-de-la-desnutrici%C3%A3-n-del-paciente-cr%C3%A3-nico-complejo
#3
Julia Álvarez Hernández
Este año hemos elegido como tema central del curso el "Abordaje nutricional del paciente crónico complejo", por entender que se trata de uno de los retos más importantes que tenemos los profesionales sanitarios que formamos parte de un sistema sanitario que tiene amenazada su sostenibilidad.El envejecimiento de la población es una realidad de cifras abrumadoras. Como lo es también el aumento de prevalencia de pacientes crónicos. En 2016, el 19,9% de la población española tenía 65 años o más y en 2050 se estima que un 30%-35% será mayor de 65 años y habrá algo más de 4 millones de octogenarios...
May 8, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572957/effect-of-spices-formulations-on-the-physicochemical-and-sensory-properties-of-nnam-gon-a-cameroonian-dish-prepared-with-cucurbitaceae-seeds
#4
Josiane E Manejo Djiogue, Richard M Nguimbou, Leopold N Tatsadjieu, Yannick D Mang, Nicolas Y Njintang
Nnam gon, a cake made by steam cooking a mixture of Cucurbitaceae seeds paste and others ingredients specially spices, is a highly prized dish in Central African region. A preliminary investigation conducted as part of this study highlighted that formulations used in the processing of Nnam gon vary according to the spices used. This study was carried out to determine the best formulation for the preparation of this dish. For this purpose, Nnam gon samples were produced from four formulations which differ according to the number of spices used: F0 (no spices); F1 (0...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562809/use-of-technologies-in-intravenous-therapy-contributions-to-a-safer-practice
#5
Ana Paula Amorim Moreira, Cristina Lavoyer Escudeiro, Bárbara Pompeu Christovam, Zenith Rosa Silvino, Márglory Fraga de Carvalho, Roberto Carlos Lyra da Silva
Objectives: To identify what are the difficulties of the nursing staff in the management of technologies during intravenous therapy (IVT) and discuss the difficulties identified under the perspective of patient's safety. Method: Descriptive study of qualitative approach with data collected by semi-structured interview and analyzed by the Alceste software. Results: The greatest difficulty of cognitive and technical emphasis was the lack of training; and regarding administrative emphasis, the greatest difficulty was the lack of material and human resources...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562747/pain-assessment-and-management-in-patients-undergoing-endovascular-procedures-in-the-catheterization-laboratory
#6
Thamires de Souza Hilário, Simone Marques Dos Santos, Juliana Kruger, Martha Georgina Goes, Márcia Flores Casco, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva
OBJECTIVE: To describe how pain is assessed (characteristic, location, and intensity) and managed in clinical practice in patients undergoing endovascular procedures in the catheterization laboratory setting. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection. RESULTS: Overall, 345 patients were included; 116 (34%) experienced post-procedural pain; in 107 (92%), pain characteristics were not recorded; the location of pain was reported in 100% of patients, and its intensity in 111 (96%); management was largely pharmacologic; of the patients who received some type of management (n=71), 42 (59%) underwent reassessment of pain...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489216/the-role-of-surgery-in-the-management-of-women-with-gestational-trophoblastic-disease
#7
Lana DE Lourdes Aguiar Lima, Lílian Padron, Raphael Câmara, Sue Yazaki Sun, Jorge Rezende, Antônio Braga
The Gestational Trophoblastic Disease includes an interrelated group of diseases originating from placental tissue, with distinct behaviors concerning local invasion and metastasis. The high sensitivity of the serial dosages of human chorionic gonadotrophin, combined with advances in chemotherapy treatment, have made gestational trophoblastic neoplasia curable, most often through chemotherapy. However, surgery remains of major importance in the management of patients with gestational trophoblastic disease, improving their prognosis...
January 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489166/anatomic-variations-of-hepatic-artery-a-study-in-479-liver-transplantations
#8
Olival Cirilo Lucena da Fonseca-Neto, Heloise Caroline de Souza Lima, Priscylla Rabelo, Paulo Sérgio Vieira de Melo, Américo Gusmão Amorim, Cláudio Moura Lacerda
Background: The incidence of anatomic variations of hepatic artery ranges from 20-50% in different series. Variations are especially important in the context of liver orthotopic transplantation, since, besides being an ideal opportunity for surgical anatomical study, their precise identification is crucial to the success of the procedure. Aim: To identify the anatomical variations in the hepatic arterial system in hepatic transplantation. Methods: 479 medical records of transplanted adult patients in the 13-year period were retrospectively analyzed, and collected data on hepatic arterial anatomy of the deceased donor...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487153/prognostic-factors-of-infective-endocarditis-in-patients-on-hemodialysis-a-case-series-from-a-national-multicenter-registry
#9
Antonio Ramos-Martínez, Fernado Roque, Maria Carmen Fariñas, Patricia Muñoz, Eduardo Verde, Gregorio Pablo Cuerpo, Arístides de Alarcón, José Antonio Lepe, José María Miró, Antonio Plata, Miguel Ángel Goenaga, Dácil García-Rosado, Amparo Martínez-Monzonis, Javier de la Torre, Pablo García-Pavía
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is a severe complication associated with high mortality. OBJECTIVES: To examine the clinical characteristics of IE in hemodialysis (HD) patients and to determine prognostic factors related to HD. METHODS: From January 2008 to April 2015, 2488 consecutive patients with definite IE were included. Clinical characteristics of IE patients on HD were compared with those of IE patients who were not on HD. RESULTS: A total of 126 patients (63% male, median age: 66years; IQR: 54-74years) with IE (5...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441001/-mexican-asthma-guidelines-guima-2017
#10
Désirée Larenas-Linnemann, Jorge Salas-Hernández, Juan Carlos Vázquez-García, Ignacio Ortiz-Aldana, Margarita Fernández-Vega, Blanca Estela Del Río-Navarro, María Del Carmen Cano-Salas, Jorge Agustín Luna-Pech, José Antonio Ortega-Martell, Jade Romero-Lombard, Erika Del Carmen López-Estrada, Jimena Villaverde-Rosas, José Luis Mayorga-Butrón, Mario Humberto Vargas-Becerra, Martín Bedolla-Barajas, Noel Rodríguez-Pérez, Ambrocio Aguilar-Aranda, Carlos Adrián Jiménez-González, Carlos García-Bolaños, Claudia Garrido-Galindo, David Alejandro Mendoza-Hernández, Enrique Mendoza-López, Gerardo López-Pérez, Guillermo Hideo Wakida-Kuzonoki, Héctor Hernán Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Héctor León-Molina, Héctor Martínez-De la Lanza, Héctor Stone-Aguilar, Javier Gómez-Vera, Jorge Olvera-Salinas, José Joel Oyoqui-Flores, José Luis Gálvez-Romero, José Santos Lozano-Sáenz, Juan Ignacio Salgado-Gama, Marcos Alejandro Jiménez-Chobillon, Martha Angélica García-Avilés, Martha Patricia Guinto-Balanzar, Miguel Alejandro Medina-Ávalos, Robert Camargo-Angeles, Rogelio García-Torrentera, Saraí Toral-Freyre, Gabriel Montes-Narváez, Héctor Solorio-Gómez, Juan Rosas-Peña, Sergio Jesús Romero-Tapia, Adela Reyes-Herrera, Francisco Cuevas-Schacht, Joaquín Esquer-Flores, José Antonio Sacre-Hazouri, Lorenzo Compean-Martínez, Pablo Julián Medina-Sánchez, Sergio Garza-Salinas, Carlos Báez-Loyola, Iraís Romero-Alvarado, José Luis Miguel-Reyes, Laura Elizabeth Huerta-Espinosa, Manuel Ángel Correa-Flores, Ricardo Castro-Martínez
BACKGROUND: The need for a national guideline, with a broad basis among specialists and primary care physicians was felt in Mexico, to try unifying asthma management. As several high-quality asthma guidelines exist worldwide, it was decided to select the best three for transculturation. METHODS: Following the internationally recommended methodology for guideline transculturation, ADAPTE, a literature search for asthma guidelines, published 1-1-2007 through 31-12-2015 was conducted...
2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421782/lactancia-materna-para-control-del-dolor-agudo-en-lactantes-ensayo-cl%C3%A3-nico-controlado-ciego-simple
#11
Jessie Nallely Zurita-Cruz, Rodolfo Rivas-Ruiz, Virginia Gordillo-Álvarez, Miguel Ángel Villasis-Keever
Objetivo: determinar la efi cacia de la lactancia materna (LM) para el manejo del dolor agudo después de la vacunación en lactantes menores de 6 meses al compararse con el sucedáneo de la leche (SL) y no aplicar ninguna maniobra.Métodos: se realizó un ensayo clínico controlado aleatorizado, ciego simple en fase III en lactantes menores de 6 meses de edad. Se incluyeron 3 grupos: LM, SL y sin aplicar analgesia (control). El dolor se midió a través del tiempo de llanto y una escala de dolor pediátrico...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403366/nurses-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-pain-management-in-newborns
#12
Taine Costa, Lisabelle Mariano Rossato, Mariana Bueno, Izabela Linha Secco, Natália Pinheiro Braga Sposito, Denise Harrison, Júnia Selma de Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nurses' knowledge and practices regarding pain management of newborns admitted to Neonatal Intensive Care Units. METHOD: A descriptive and cross-sectional study. Data were collected from 51 nurses based on an adapted questionnaire aimed at evaluating knowledge and practices regarding the management of neonatal pain in six hospitals in Curitiba and its Metropolitan Region. RESULTS: For most nurses (86.0%), neonates feel pain...
April 6, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355338/social-and-behavior-change-communication-in-the-fight-against-malaria-in-mozambique
#13
Jorge Alexandre Harrison Arroz
Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and/or indoor residual spraying, associated with case management, are key interventions in the control of malaria in Africa. The objective of this study is to comment on the role of social and behavior change communication as a potential key intervention in the control of malaria in Mozambique. RESUMO As redes mosquiteiras impregnadas com insecticidade de longa duração e/ou pulverização intra-domiciliária, associada ao manejo de casos são intervenções-chave no controlo da malária em África...
March 23, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327875/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#14
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301031/management-changes-resulting-from-hospital-accreditation
#15
João Lucas Campos de Oliveira, Carmen Silvia Gabriel, Hosanna Pattrig Fertonani, Laura Misue Matsuda
Objective: to analyze managers and professionals' perceptions on the changes in hospital management deriving from accreditation. Method: descriptive study with qualitative approach. The participants were five hospital quality managers and 91 other professionals from a wide range of professional categories, hierarchical levels and activity areas at four hospitals in the South of Brazil certified at different levels in the Brazilian accreditation system. They answered the question "Tell me about the management of this hospital before and after the Accreditation"...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244794/utilidad-en-la-cl%C3%A3-nica-de-la-goma-guar-parcialmente-hidrolizada-revisi%C3%A3-n-de-la-evidencia-y-experiencia
#16
Ana Cantón Blanco, M ª Teresa Fernández López, Gloria Lugo Rodríguez, Miguel Á Martínez Olmos, Regina Palmeiro Carballeira, Francisco Pita Gutiérrez, Cristina Tejera Pérez
Introducción: la fibra dietética es un componente importante de la dieta humana. Cada tipo de fibra tiene efectos específicos a nivel metabólico y en el funcionamiento gastrointestinal, por lo que en cada patología concreta habremos de elegir la fibra óptima teniendo en cuenta sus propiedades químicas, físicas y fisiológicas.Objetivo: encuadrar la goma guar parcialmente hidrolizada en su lugar en el complejo marco de la fibra dietética, revisar sus propiedades físico-químicas y posibles mecanismos de acción; así como su potencial utilidad en distintas situaciones clínicas en pacientes adultos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198939/compliance-with-the-prescription-of-antihypertensive-medications-and-blood-pressure-control-in-primary-care
#17
Mayra Faria Novello, Maria Luiza Garcia Rosa, Ranier Tagarro Ferreira, Icaro Gusmão Nunes, Antonio José Lagoeiro Jorge, Dayse Mary da Silva Correia, Wolney de Andrade Martins, Evandro Tinoco Mesquita
Background: Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its proper control can prevent the high morbidity and mortality associated with this disease. Objective: To assess the degree of compliance of antihypertensive prescriptions with the VI Brazilian Guidelines on Hypertension and the blood pressure control rate in primary care. Methods: Cross-sectional study conducted between August 2011 and November 2012, including 332 adults ≥ 45 years registered in the Family Doctor Program in Niteroi and selected randomly...
February 13, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172929/p717-higher-ulcerative-colitis-crohn-s-disease-ratio-in-a-central-region-of-argentina
#18
D Balderramo, P Herrera-Najum, J Trakal, R Gonzalez, F Zárate, K Raiden, L Ferrer, S Balzola, M R Defagό
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117476/an-initial-experience-with-a-digital-drainage-system-during-the-postoperative-period-of-pediatric-thoracic-surgery
#19
Altair da Silva Costa, Thiago Bachichi, Caio Holanda, Luiz Augusto Lucas Martins De Rizzo
Objective: To report an initial experience with a digital drainage system during the postoperative period of pediatric thoracic surgery. Methods: This was a prospective observational study involving consecutive patients, ≤ 14 years of age, treated at a pediatric thoracic surgery outpatient clinic, for whom pulmonary resection (lobectomy or segmentectomy via muscle-sparing thoracotomy) was indicated. The parameters evaluated were air leak (as quantified with the digital system), biosafety, duration of drainage, length of hospital stay, and complications...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092422/international-consensus-principles-for-ethical-wildlife-control
#20
Sara Dubois, Nicole Fenwick, Erin A Ryan, Liv Baker, Sandra E Baker, Ngaio J Beausoleil, Scott Carter, Barbara Cartwright, Federico Costa, Chris Draper, John Griffin, Adam Grogan, Gregg Howald, Bidda Jones, Kate E Littin, Amanda T Lombard, David J Mellor, Daniel Ramp, Catherine A Schuppli, David Fraser
Human-wildlife conflicts are commonly addressed by excluding, relocating, or lethally controlling animals with the goal of preserving public health and safety, protecting property, or conserving other valued wildlife. However, declining wildlife populations, a lack of efficacy of control methods in achieving desired outcomes, and changes in how people value animals have triggered widespread acknowledgment of the need for ethical and evidence-based approaches to managing such conflicts. We explored international perspectives on and experiences with human-wildlife conflicts to develop principles for ethical wildlife control...
January 16, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
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