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Physical therapy, rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107849/attitudes-to-and-beliefs-about-animal-assisted-therapy-for-children-with-disabilities
#1
Esther Yap, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the attitudes and beliefs surrounding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) for the rehabilitation of children with disabilities at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH), focusing specifically on cerebral palsy (CP), autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and acquired brain injury (ABI). This was an initial step to inform future AAT research and to understand the feasibility of interventions. DESIGN/SETTING/OUTCOME MEASURES: An online survey asking participants their opinions about the inclusion of AAT, and potential barriers to its introduction in a tertiary hospital setting was advertised on the RCH Intranet from 3 March 2015 to 3 April 2015...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103995/-advances-in-the-research-of-prevention-and-treatment-of-postburn-contractures-of-hand
#2
K A Wang, G S Wu, Y Sun, Z F Xia
Scar contracture deformity, which can lead to dysfunction of hand and low quality of life, is one of the common complication after hand burns. The prevention measures of scar contracture after hand burns include large skin grafting, prevention of infection, insistence on wearing pressure gloves, use of silicone sheets, wearing orthosis, accepting proper physical therapy, and early functional exercise. The primary treatments of postburn contractures of the hand are surgery, drugs, laser treatment, and rehabilitation therapy...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102172/dr-j%C3%A3-zef-aleksiewicz-activity-in-support-of-the-development-of-orthopedics-and-rehabilitation-in-iwonicz-zdr%C3%A3-j-1921-1957
#3
Sławomir Jandziś, Stanisław Zaborniak
Based on source materials in the possession of Józef Aleksiewicz family (typescripts, manuscripts, photographs, other documents) and articles published in professional medical journals and newspapers, the authors present the contribution of Dr. J. Aleksiewicz to the development of orthopedics and rehabilitation in Iwonicz-Zdrój. In May 1921, he was appointed Surgeon General of the Spa Commission in Iwonicz-Zdrój. After holding several scholarly trips abroad in 1925 to sanatoriums treating cases of osteo-articular tuberculosis, he commenced the construction of "Sanato", a modern sanatorium...
August 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099277/benefits-of-comprehensive-rehabilitation-therapy-in-thymectomy-for-myasthenia-gravis-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#4
Vincenzo Ambrogi, Tommaso Claudio Mineo
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the effectiveness of a comprehensive program of rehabilitation therapy in patients undergoing thymectomy for myasthenia gravis (MG). DESIGN: From 2005 to 2010, 46 consecutive patients affected by MG underwent a rehabilitation program both before and after thymectomy. We matched each patient with a "control patient" who underwent thymectomy within the period 1999 to 2004 with no preoperative rehabilitation, who had the closest propensity score matching...
February 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098503/relationship-between-perceived-competence-and-performance-during-real-and-virtual-motor-tasks-by-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#5
Batya Engel-Yeger, Rotem Sido, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Patrice L Weiss
PURPOSE: (i) To compare children with DCD and typically developing participants via standard motor assessments, two interactive virtual games, measures of physical, social and cognitive self-competence and feedback while playing the virtual games and (ii) To examine the contribution of age and each motor assessment to predict self-competence. METHODS: Participants were 25 boys with DCD and 25 typically developing boys, aged 5-9 years. They completed the M-ABC-2, the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence, the 6-Minute Walk Test, and then played the two Kinect games and completed the Short Feedback Questionnaire for Children...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095134/physical-and-occupational-therapy-for-a-teenager-with-acute-flaccid-myelitis-a-case-report
#6
Tracy Kornafel, Elaine Y Tsao, Emily Sabelhaus, Lori Surges, Susan D Apkon
AIMS: The purpose of this case report is to describe the inpatient rehabilitation program of a 13-year-old boy with acute flaccid myelitis (AFM), specific to physical and occupational therapy examination, treatment, and outcomes. CASE DESCRIPTION: AFM is a rare, acute neurologic illness in children and young adults who present with weakness and/or paralysis of unknown etiology. The teenager was admitted to the program, dependent for all mobility and self-care. Interventions focused on range of motion, transfer training, self-care, power wheelchair mobility, and environmental adaptations...
January 17, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093636/non-surgical-treatment-of-pubic-overload-and-groin-pain-in-amateur-football-players-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-study
#7
M Schöberl, L Prantl, O Loose, J Zellner, P Angele, F Zeman, M Spreitzer, M Nerlich, W Krutsch
PURPOSE: The incidence of groin pain in athletes is steadily increasing. Symptomatic pubic overload with groin pain and aseptic osteitis pubis represent well-known and frequently misdiagnosed overuse injuries in athletes. This study investigated the benefits of standardised non-surgical treatment for swift return-to-football. METHODS: In a prospective double-blinded controlled study, 143 amateur football players with groin pain as well as radiological signs and clinical symptoms of pubic overload were analysed for 1 year...
January 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093370/a-comparison-of-locomotor-therapy-interventions-partial-body-weight-supported-treadmill-lokomat%C3%A2-and-g-eo%C3%A2-training-in-persons-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
Alberto Esquenazi, Stella Lee, Amanda Wikoff, Andrew Packel, Theresa Toczylowski, John Feeley
BACKGROUND: Literature in the application of gait training techniques in persons with traumatic brain injury is limited. Current techniques require of multiple staff and are physically demanding. The use of a robotic locomotor training may provide improved training capacity for this population. OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of three different modes of locomotor therapy on gait velocity and spatiotemporal symmetry using: an end effector robot (G-EO™); a robotic exoskeleton (Lokomat®) and manual assisted partial-body weight supported treadmill training (PBWSTT) in participants with traumatic brain injury...
January 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093012/male-coping-through-a-long-term-cancer-trajectory-secondary-outcomes-from-a-rtc-examining-the-effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-repca-among-radiated-men-with-prostate-cancer
#9
Karin B Dieperink, Christoffer Johansen, Steinbjørn Hansen, Lis Wagner, Klaus K Andersen, Lisbeth R Minet, Olfred Hansen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive sessions with a physical therapist (n = 79), or standard care (n = 82)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092243/-botulinum-toxin-a-and-physical-therapy-in-gait-in-cerebral-palsy
#10
Sandra Fabiola García-Sánchez, María Teresa Gómez-Galindo, Jaime Eduardo Guzmán-Pantoja
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (PCI) is the leading cause of disability in children. Botulinum toxin type A (TBA) is a treatment to improve the function and pattern in the gait, although with a few studies that quantify the improvement. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study was conducted from May 2010 to September 2011, in Integrated Rehabilitation Center, in 36 patients with spastic PCI. Was evaluated: functionality of travel by the scale of Koman, speed of the gait with tone scale of Ashworth and arches of passive mobility, were applied TBA and was sent to 10 sessions of physical therapy, with measurements taken before, the 1st and 4th month...
January 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088377/intracapsular-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-do-we-know-what-is-important
#11
Diana Crego-Vita, Coral Sanchez-Perez, Jose Adolfo Orellana Gomez-Rico, Celia Clemente de Arriba
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are a common reason for admission to the department of orthopaedic surgery, this condition asks an important part of health resources and is associated with high levels of co-morbidity and mortality. Many improvements have been introduced in the treatment of these patients, preoperative regional analgesia, intensive physical therapy, interdisciplinary care program; but still remain unresolved gaps. The aim of this study is to document the natural history of early versus delayed surgical intervention in elderly patients with hip fractures and to establish the prognostic factors of mortality and walking ability after discharge...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086784/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-the-effectiveness-of-early-phase-i-cardiac-rehabilitation
#12
Lawrence Anchah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Melissa Siaw Han Lim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Kui Hian Sim, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is one of the most burdensome cardiovascular diseases in terms of the cost of interventions. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is well-established in improving clinical outcomes but the assessment of actual clinical improvement is challenging, especially when considering pharmaceutical care (PC) values in phase I CRP during admission and upon discharge from hospital and phase II outpatient interventions. This study explores the impact of pharmacists' interventions in the early stages of CRP on humanistic outcomes and follow-up at a referral hospital in Malaysia...
January 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071974/from-ancient-greece-to-the-cognitive-revolution-a-comprehensive-view-of-physical-rehabilitation-sciences
#13
David Martínez-Pernía, Óscar González-Castán, David Huepe
The development of rehabilitation has traditionally focused on measurements of motor disorders and measurements of the improvements produced during the therapeutic process; however, physical rehabilitation sciences have not focused on understanding the philosophical and scientific principles in clinical intervention and how they are interrelated. The main aim of this paper is to explain the foundation stones of the disciplines of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech/language therapy in recovery from motor disorder...
January 10, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064402/most-national-cancer-institute-designated-cancer-center-websites-do-not-provide-survivors-with-information-about-cancer-rehabilitation-services
#14
Julie K Silver, Vishwa S Raj, Jack B Fu, Eric M Wisotzky, Sean Robinson Smith, Sasha E Knowlton, Alexander J Silver
This study is the first to evaluate the existence and quality of patient-related cancer rehabilitation content on the websites of National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Designated Cancer Centers. In 2016, a team of cancer rehabilitation physicians (physiatrists) conducted an analysis of the patient-related rehabilitation content on the websites of all NCI-Designated Cancer Centers that provide clinical care (N = 62 of 69). The main outcome measures included qualitative rating of the ease of locating descriptions of cancer rehabilitation services on each website, followed by quantitative rating of the quality of the cancer rehabilitation descriptions found...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060437/trajectories-of-heroin-use-10-11-year-findings-from-the-australian-treatment-outcome-study
#15
Maree Teesson, Christina Marel, Shane Darke, Joanne Ross, Tim Slade, Lucy Burns, Michael Lynskey, Sonja Memedovic, Joanne White, Katherine L Mills
AIMS: To identify trajectories of heroin use in Australia, predictors of trajectory group membership, and subsequent outcomes, among people with heroin dependence over 10-11-years. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 615 participants were recruited between 2001-2002 as part of the Australian Treatment Outcome Study (66.2% male; mean age 29). The predominance of the cohort (87...
January 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054832/a-qualitative-exploration-of-living-with-chronic-neuropathic-pain-after-spinal-cord-injury-an-italian-perspective
#16
Valentina Buscemi, Elizabeth Cassidy, Cherry Kilbride, Frances Ann Reynolds
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to understand how people with spinal cord injury (SCI) in Italy experienced and managed chronic neuropathic pain (CNP), and their perspectives of Italian healthcare services. METHOD: Nine people with SCI participated. Two focus groups (three and four individuals) and one semi-structured interview were audio-recorded and transcribed. One "virtual interview" was conducted via e-mail. A qualitative thematic analysis was undertaken...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043721/effect-of-daily-use-of-electronic-checklist-on-physical-rehabilitation-consultations-in-critically-ill-patients
#17
Rashid Ali, Patrick J Cornelius, Vitaly Herasevich, Ognjen Gajic, Rahul Kashyap
RATIONALE: In intensive care unit (ICU) practice, great emphasis is placed on the functional stabilization of the major organ systems, sometimes at the expense of physical rehabilitation. Checklists have shown to be an effective tool for standardizing care models. Our aim was to the study the effect of the use of an electronic checklist on occupational therapy/physical therapy (OT-PT) consults in critically ill patients. METHODS: A retrospective observational study of all adults admitted for the first time in an academic medical ICU in year 2014 was conducted...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040344/-other-care-in-parkinson-s-disease-psychological-rehabilitation-therapeutic-education-and-new-technologies
#18
Julia Dupouy, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Christine Brefel-Courbon
Diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) is often traumatic. It is then important to organize this announcement in order to support the patient in this major step of his care course. Anxiety and depression are present in about 50% of PD patients. Besides pharmacological treatment, cognitive-behavioral therapy induces improvement in anxio-depressive symptoms. We have to promote physical activity for PD patients, from the beginning of the disease, because it prevents from deconditioning, improves motor and non-motor symptoms, quality of life, and decreases loneliness...
December 28, 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033958/balance-improvement-after-physical-therapy-training-using-specially-developed-serious-games-for-cerebral-palsy-children-preliminary-results
#19
Bruno Bonnechère, Lubos Omelina, Bart Jansen, Serge Van Sint Jan
PURPOSE: Cerebral palsy (CP) leads to various clinical signs mainly induced by muscle spasticity and muscle weakness. Among these ones impaired balance and posture are very common. Traditional physical therapy exercise programs are focusing on this aspect, but it is difficult to motivate patients to regularly perform these exercises, especially at home without therapist supervision. Specially developed serious games (SG) could therefore be an interesting option to motivate children to perform specific exercise for balance improvement...
February 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033163/a-retrospective-comparison-of-home-telehealth-and-nursing-care-with-or-without-rehabilitation-therapy-on-rehospitalization-rates-of-individuals-with-heart-failure
#20
Stacy Martin, Bill Anderson, Jennifer L Vincenzo, Sajid Yousuf Zai
PURPOSE: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the most common reason for rehospitalization among the aging population, accounting for one-fifth of all hospital admissions. To date, there is no research comparing the rehospitalization rates between patients with CHF (PWCHF) who receive telehealth and home health nursing care versus a multidisciplinary team consisting of telehealth, home nursing, physical therapy (PT), and/or occupational therapy (OT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed with 132 Medicare Part A home health patients discharged from an inpatient setting with a primary or secondary diagnosis of CHF receiving daily telehealth over the course of 1 year...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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