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Physical therapy, rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208591/fusion-of-inertial-magnetic-sensor-measurements-and-map-information-for-pedestrian-tracking
#1
Shu-Di Bao, Xiao-Li Meng, Wendong Xiao, Zhi-Qiang Zhang
The wearable inertial/magnetic sensor based human motion analysis plays an important role in many biomedical applications, such as physical therapy, gait analysis and rehabilitation. One of the main challenges for the lower body bio-motion analysis is how to reliably provide position estimations of human subject during walking. In this paper, we propose a particle filter based human position estimation method using a foot-mounted inertial and magnetic sensor module, which not only uses the traditional zero velocity update (ZUPT), but also applies map information to further correct the acceleration double integration drift and thus improve estimation accuracy...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207664/descriptive-analysis-of-spinal-neuroaxial-injections-surgical-interventions-and-physical-therapy-utilization-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-within-medicare-beneficiaries-from-2000-to-2011
#2
Joseph A Sclafani, Alexandra Constantin, Pei-Shu Ho, Venu Akuthota, Leighton Chan
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the utilization of various treatment modalities in the management of degenerative spondylolisthesis within Medicare beneficiaries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis is a condition often identified in symptomatic low back pain. A variety of treatment algorithms including physical therapy and interventional techniques can be used to manage clinically significant degenerative spondylolisthesis...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207526/restoration-of-the-ascending-reticular-activating-system-compressed-by-hematoma-in-a-stroke-patient
#3
Sung Ho Jang, Jeong Pyo Seo
RATIONALE: We report on restoration of the ascending reticular activating system (ARAS), compressed by an intracerebral hematoma and perihematomal edema following a stroke. The restoration of the ARAS was demonstrated by diffusion tensor tractography (DTT). PATIENT CONCERNS: In a 60-year-old male, a brain MRI taken at 2 weeks after the surgery showed a hematoma and perihematomal edema in the left posterolateral pons and cerebellum, which were markedly resolved on a brain MRI after 5 weeks...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198661/cost-effectiveness-of-the-occupation-based-approach-for-subacute-stroke-patients-result-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Hirofumi Nagayama, Kounosuke Tomori, Kanta Ohno, Kayoko Takahashi, Ryutaro Nagatani, Ryota Izumi, Kensuke Moriwaki, Keita Yamauchi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The cost effectiveness of occupational therapy for subacute stroke patients is unclear in the extant literature. Consequently, this study determined the cost effectiveness of the occupation-based approach using Aid for Decision-Making in Occupation Choice (ADOC) for subacute stroke patients compared with an impairment-based approach. METHODS: We conducted an economic evaluation from a societal perspective alongside a pilot randomized controlled trial, with a single blind assessor for participants in 10 subacute rehabilitation units in Japan...
February 15, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194641/unsupervised-exercise-in-survivors-of-human-papillomavirus-related-head-and-neck-cancer-how-many-can-go-it-alone
#5
Joshua Bauml, Jiyoung Kim, Xiaochen Zhang, Charu Aggarwal, Roger B Cohen, Kathryn Schmitz
PURPOSE: Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer (HNC) have a better prognosis relative to other types of HNC, making survivorship an emerging and critical issue. Exercise is a core component of survivorship care, but little is known about how many survivors of HPV-related HNC can safely be advised to start exercising on their own, as opposed to needing further evaluation or supervised exercise. METHODS: We utilized guidelines to identify health issues that would indicate value of further evaluation prior to being safely prescribed unsupervised exercise...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194413/patient-centered-robot-aided-passive-neurorehabilitation-exercise-based-on-safety-motion-decision-making-mechanism
#6
Lizheng Pan, Aiguo Song, Suolin Duan, Zhuqing Yu
Safety is one of the crucial issues for robot-aided neurorehabilitation exercise. When it comes to the passive rehabilitation training for stroke patients, the existing control strategies are usually just based on position control to carry out the training, and the patient is out of the controller. However, to some extent, the patient should be taken as a "cooperator" of the training activity, and the movement speed and range of the training movement should be dynamically regulated according to the internal or external state of the subject, just as what the therapist does in clinical therapy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194375/rehabilitation-of-hamstring-muscle-injuries-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Gabriel Amorim Ramos, Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, Diego Costa Astur, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Benno Ejnisman, Moisés Cohen
Hamstring injuries are among the most frequent in sports. The high relapse rate is a challenge for sports medicine and has a great impact on athletes and sport teams. The treatment goal is to provide the athlete the same functional level as before the injury. Thus, functional rehabilitation is very important to the success of the treatment. Currently, several physical therapy modalities are used, according to the stage of the lesion, such as cryotherapy, laser therapy, therapeutic ultrasound, therapeutic exercise, and manual therapy...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188336/injuries-of-the-obturator-muscles-in-professional-soccer-players
#8
Manuel Wong-On, Antonio Turmo-Garuz, Rafael Arriaza, Jose Manuel Gonzalez de Suso, Luis Til-Perez, Xavier Yanguas-Leite, David Diaz-Cueli, Xavier Gasol-Santa
PURPOSE: Obturator externus and internus muscular tears are uncommon injuries. Only a few case reports exist, mainly in high-level athletes. Our aim is to describe a series of obturator externus and internus muscular tears in professional soccer players. METHODS: Injury data from four teams from the First Division of the Spanish Soccer League were collected over a total of four seasons. Any soccer player who sustained an injury to either the obturator externus or internus identified on magnetic resonance (MRI) was included...
February 10, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182826/the-learning-curve-associated-with-the-administration-of-intra-articular-liposomal-bupivacaine-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-pilot-study
#9
Anton Khlopas, Randa K Elmallah, Morad Chughtai, George A Yakubek, Mhamad Faour, Alison K Klika, Carlos A Higuera, Robert M Molloy, Michael A Mont
INTRODUCTION: Liposomal bupivacaine is a long-acting, local, injectable anesthetic that is used to potentially mitigate post-operative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). In addition, it may reduce opioid use in the post-operative period and shorten lengths-of-stay (LOS). There have been mixed results in the literature with regards to its efficacy, which raises questions regarding the injection technique used. Therefore, we evaluated the learning curve associated with injection techniques prior to, and after, formal teaching...
February 7, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181920/can-early-rehabilitation-on-the-general-ward-after-an-intensive-care-unit-stay-reduce-hospital-length-of-stay-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Wolfgang Gruther, Karin Pieber, Irene Steiner, Cornelia Hein, Jörg Michael Hiesmayr, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if an early rehabilitation program for survivors of critical illness improves functional recovery, reduces length of stay, and reduces hospital costs. DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Fifty-three consecutive survivors of critical illness were included in the study. After discharge from the intensive care unit, the intervention group received an early rehabilitation program, and the standard-care group received physical therapy as ordered by the primary care team...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168056/the-influence-of-speech-language-hearing-therapy-duration-on-the-degree-of-improvement-in-poststroke-language-impairment
#11
Hitoshi Hayashi, Eisaku Okada, Yosuke Shibata, Mieko Nakamura, Toshiyuki Ojima
Background. The relevance of speech-language-hearing therapy (ST) duration to language impairment remains unclear. Objective. To determine the effect of ST duration on improvement in language impairment as a stroke sequela and to compare the findings with those for occupational therapy (OT) and physical therapy (PT). Methods. Data regarding patients with stroke sequelae who were registered in the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine database were analyzed. Propensity scores for ST, OT, and PT duration were calculated using logistic regression, followed by inverse probability weighting in generalized estimating equations to examine the odds ratio for improvement in the Functional Independence Measures scores for comprehension, expression, and memory...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158150/electric-stimulation-for-pain-relief-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Ana Paula de Silva Salazar, Cinara Stein, Ritchele Redivo Marchese, Rodrigo Della Mea Plentz, Aline De Souza Pagnussat
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome whose primary symptoms include chronic widespread muscle pain and fatigue. The treatment of patients with FM aims to provide symptomatic relief and improvement in physical capacities to perform daily tasks and quality of life. Invasive or non-invasive electric stimulation (ES) is used for pain relief in patients with FM. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of treatment with ES, combined or not combined with other types of therapy, for pain relief in patients with FM...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150856/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-a-community-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-programme-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#13
Edwin K Luk, Alexandra Gorelik, Louis Irving, Fary Khan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of cognitive behavioural therapy in pulmonary rehabilitation addresses the depression and anxiety burden and thereby improves rehabilitation outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective controlled clinical trial. PATIENTS: A total of 70 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who were referred to a community centre for pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: Patients were allocated to either the control group, consisting of pulmonary rehabilitation alone, or to the treatment group, receiving pulmonary rehabilitation and an additional 6 sessions of group-based cognitive behavioural therapy...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143494/evaluation-of-a-new-transmural-trauma-care-model-ttcm-for-the-rehabilitation-of-trauma-patients-a-study-protocol
#14
Suzanne H Wiertsema, Johanna M van Dongen, Edwin Geleijn, Maaike Schothorst, Frank W Bloemers, Vincent de Groot, Raymond W J G Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Improved organization of trauma care in the acute phase has reduced mortality of trauma patients. However, there has been limited attention for the optimal organization of post-clinical rehabilitation of trauma patients. Therefore we developed a Transmural Trauma Care Model (TTCM). This TTCM consists of four equally important components: 1) intake and follow up consultations by a multidisciplinary team consisting of trauma surgeon and hospital based trauma physical therapist, 2) coordination and individual goal setting for each patient by this team, 3) primary care physical therapy by specialized physical therapists organized in a network and 4) E-health support for transmural communication and treatment according to protocols...
January 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142369/plantar-fasciitis-will-physical-therapy-help-my-foot-pain
#15
(no author information available yet)
One out of 10 people in the United States experience persistent pain along the bottom of the foot, a condition known as plantar fasciitis. In 2014, the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association published updated clinical practice guidelines on the best treatments for patients with plantar fasciitis. The guidelines present evidence that strongly suggests a combination of manual therapy and rehabilitative exercises to help patients with this foot condition. In a more recent study published in the February 2017 issue of JOSPT, researchers reviewed the records of people with plantar fasciitis who were sent to physical therapy...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142368/utilization-of-physical-therapy-intervention-among-patients-with-plantar-fasciitis-in-the-united-states
#16
John J Fraser, Neal R Glaviano, Jay Hertel
Study Design Retrospective observational study. Background Plantar fasciitis is responsible for 1 million ambulatory patient care visits annually in the United States. Few studies have investigated practice patterns in the treatment of patients with plantar fasciitis. Objective To assess physical therapist utilization and employment of manual therapy and supervised rehabilitation in the treatment of patients with plantar fasciitis. Methods A retrospective review of the PearlDiver patient record database was used to evaluate physical therapist utilization and use of manual therapy and supervised rehabilitation in patients with plantar fasciitis between 2007 and 2011...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140641/preliminary-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-photobiomodulation-therapy-and-physical-rehabilitation-on-early-postoperative-recovery-of-dogs-undergoing-hemilaminectomy-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disk-disease
#17
Michael Bennaim, Mathilde Porato, Astrid Jarleton, Martin Hamon, James D Carroll, Kris Gommeren, Marc Balligand
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of postoperative photobiomodulation therapy and physical rehabilitation on early recovery variables for dogs after hemilaminectomy for treatment of intervertebral disk disease. ANIMALS 32 nonambulatory client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs received standard postoperative care with photobiomodulation therapy (n = 11), physical rehabilitation with sham photobiomodulation treatment (11), or sham photobiomodulation treatment only (10) after surgery. Neurologic status at admission, diagnostic and surgical variables, duration of postoperative IV analgesic administration, and recovery grades (over 10 days after surgery) were assessed...
February 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140419/rehabilitation-the-health-strategy-of-the-21st-century
#18
Gerold Stucki, Jerome Bickenbach, Christoph Gutenbrunner, John Melvin
There is strong evidence that population ageing and the epidemiological transition to a higher incidence of chronic, non-communicable diseases will continue to profoundly impact societies worldwide, putting more pressure on healthcare systems to respond to the needs of the people they serve. These trends argue for the need to address what matters to people about their health: limitations in their functioning that affect their day-to-day actions and goals in life. From its inception, rehabilitation, 1 of the 4 health strategies identified in the Declaration of Alma Ata in 1978, has had functioning as its outcome of interest...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137928/efficiency-of-physical-therapy-on-postural-imbalance-after-stroke-study-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
A Hugues, J Di Marco, P Janiaud, Y Xue, J Pires, H Khademi, M Cucherat, I Bonan, F Gueyffier, G Rode
INTRODUCTION: Stroke frequently results in balance disorders, leading to lower levels of activity and a diminution in autonomy. Current physical therapies (PT) aiming to reduce postural imbalance have shown a large variety of effects with low levels of evidence. The objectives are to determine the efficiency of PT in recovering from postural imbalance in patients after a stroke and to assess which PT is more effective. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search several databases from inception to October 2015...
January 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133022/-effectiveness-of-postoperative-physical-therapy-for-upper-limb-impairments-after-breast-cancer-treatment
#20
Daigo Yamamoto, Seiko Sinko, Toshimitsu Suga, Yu Tsubota, Noriko Sueoka, Katsuhiro Yoshikawa, Masanori Kon
Previous studies have reported the benefits of beginning rehabilitation immediately after breast cancer surgery for improving motor function. However, most studies have not evaluated the long-term struggles patients face after hospital discharge in resuming their previous activities and socialparticipation. Furthermore, the intervention methods and effects of rehabilitation for such activities have not been evaluated. We investigated the effectiveness of postoperative physical therapy for upperlimb impairments after breast cancer treatment...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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