Read by QxMD icon Read

Oral motor therapy

Kimura Teruo, Adam Tucker, Toshihide Sugimura, Toshitaka Seki, Shin Fukuda, Satoru Takeuchi, Shiro Miyata, Tsutomu Fujita, Akira Hashizume, Naoto Izumi, Kazutsune Kawasaki, Makoto Katsuno, Masaaki Hashimoto, Kazuhiro Sako
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The optimal use of antiplatelet therapy for intracranial branch atheromatous disease (BAD) is not known. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicenter, single-group trial of 144 consecutive patients diagnosed with probable BAD. All patients were treated within 12 h of symptom onset to prevent clinical progression using dual antiplatelet therapy with cilostazol plus one oral antiplatelet drug (aspirin or clopidogrel). Endpoints of progressive BAD in the dual therapy group at 2 weeks were compared with a matched historical control group of 142 patients treated with single oral antiplatelet therapy using either cilostazol, aspirin, or clopidogrel...
October 12, 2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Christoph Rochlitz, Martin Bigler, Roger von Moos, Jürg Bernhard, Klazien Matter-Walstra, Andreas Wicki, Khalil Zaman, Sandro Anchisi, Marc Küng, Kyung-Jae Na, Daniela Bärtschi, Markus Borner, Tamara Rordorf, Daniel Rauch, Andreas Müller, Thomas Ruhstaller, Marcus Vetter, Andreas Trojan, Ursula Hasler-Strub, Richard Cathomas, Ralph Winterhalder
BACKGROUND: Adding bevacizumab to chemotherapy improves response rates and progression-free survival (PFS) in metastatic breast cancer (mBC). We aimed to demonstrate decreased toxicity with metronomic chemotherapy/bevacizumab compared with paclitaxel/bevacizumab. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized phase III trial compared bevacizumab with either paclitaxel (arm A) or daily oral capecitabine-cyclophosphamide (arm B) as first-line treatment in patients with HER2-negative advanced breast cancer...
October 10, 2016: BMC Cancer
Steven G Kohama, Lauren Renner, Noelle Landauer, Alison R Weiss, Henryk F Urbanski, Byung Park, Mary Lou Voytko, Martha Neuringer
: Studies of the effect of hormone therapy on cognitive function in menopausal women have been equivocal, in part due to differences in the type and timing of hormone treatment. Here we cognitively tested aged female rhesus macaques on (1) the delayed response task of spatial working memory, (2) a visuospatial attention task that measured spatially and temporally cued reaction times, and (3) a simple reaction time task as a control for motor speed. After task acquisition, animals were ovariectomized (OVX)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
M Beigi, L Wilkinson, F Gobet, A Parton, M Jahanshahi
Empirical evidence suggests that levodopa medication used to treat the motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) may either improve, impair or not affect specific cognitive processes. This evidence led to the 'dopamine overdose' hypothesis that levodopa medication impairs performance on cognitive tasks if they recruit fronto-striatal circuits which are not yet dopamine-depleted in early PD and as a result the medication leads to an excess of dopamine. This hypothesis has been supported for various learning tasks including conditional associative learning, reversal learning, classification learning and intentional deterministic sequence learning, on all of which PD patients demonstrated significantly worse performance when tested on relative to off dopamine medication...
September 26, 2016: Neuropsychologia
Thomas Müller, Paul Foley
The symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) reflect disruptions of a number of brain neurotransmitter systems of varying type and degree. Pharmacological agents with multiple neurochemical mechanisms of action are therefore promising candidates for countering these problems and providing comprehensive symptomatic relief for patients. The pharmacological profile of safinamide includes reversible monoamine oxidase B inhibition, blockage of voltage-dependent Na(+) channels, modulation of Ca(2+) channels, and inhibition of glutamate release...
September 24, 2016: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Miriam Yumi Matsui, Lilian Chrystiane Giannasi, Sandra Regina Freitas Batista, Jose Benedito Oliveira Amorim, Claudia S Oliveira, Luis Vicente F Oliveira, Monica Fernandes Gomes
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles of adult patients with different degrees of oral motor impairment (cerebral palsy) with the electromyographic activity of healthy individuals in a control group. Electromyographic activity was compared when the masticatory muscles were at rest and in motion. DESIGN: Thirty adult patients with cerebral palsy and 30 subjects without neuromotor disorders were enrolled in the present study...
September 1, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
Wolfgang Oertel, Jörg B Schulz
Over a period of more than 50 years, the symptomatic treatment of the motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) has been optimized using pharmacotherapy, deep brain stimulation, and physiotherapy. The arsenal of pharmacotherapies includes L-Dopa, several dopamine agonists, inhibitors of monoamine oxidase (MAO)-B and catechol-o-methyltransferase (COMT), and amantadine. In the later course of the disease, motor complications occur, at which stage different oral formulations of L-Dopa or dopamine agonists with long half-life, a transdermal application or parenteral pumps for continuous drug supply can be subscribed...
October 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Marieke G M Weernink, Janine A van Til, Jeroen P P van Vugt, Kris L L Movig, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Maarten J IJzerman
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about how patients weigh benefits and harms of available treatments for Parkinson's Disease (oral medication, deep brain stimulation, infusion therapy). In this study we have (1) elicited patient preferences for benefits, side effects and process characteristics of treatments and (2) measured patients' preferred and perceived involvement in decision-making about treatment. METHODS: Preferences were elicited using a best-worst scaling case 2 experiment...
2016: PloS One
Thomas Müller
Ongoing neuronal death in Parkinson's disease (PD) causes an altered neurotransmission of various biogenic amines, particularly dopamine. As these changes do not follow a distinct pattern, they vary individually, and are differently pronounced. As a result, a heterogeneous onset of motor and nonmotor features occurs in each patient with PD during the whole course of the disease. PD actually describes a set of distinct diseases that manifest themselves in clinical syndromes with certain similarities but also great differences...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Guadalupe Vidal-Martínez, Javier Vargas-Medrano, Carolina Gil-Tommee, David Medina, Nathan T Garza, Barbara Yang, Ismael Segura-Ulate, Samantha J Dominguez, Ruth G Perez
Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) often have aggregated α-synuclein (aSyn) in enteric nervous system (ENS) neurons, which may be associated with the development of constipation. This occurs well before the onset of classic PD motor symptoms. We previously found that aging A53T transgenic (Tg) mice closely model PD-like ENS aSyn pathology, making them appropriate for testing potential PD therapies. Here we show that Tg mice overexpressing mutant human aSyn develop ENS pathology by 4 months. We then evaluated the responses of Tg mice and their WT littermates to the Food and Drug Administration-approved drug FTY720 (fingolimod, Gilenya) or vehicle control solution from 5 months of age...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Lesley J Scott
Oral opicapone (Ongentys(®)), a potent, third-generation, long-acting, peripheral catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, is approved as adjunctive treatment to levodopa (L-Dopa)/dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor (DDCI) therapy in adults with Parkinson's disease (PD) and end-of-dose motor fluctuations who cannot be stabilized on those combinations. In 14- to 15-week, double-blind, multinational trials and in 1-year, open-label extension studies in this patient population, opicapone was an effective and generally well tolerated adjunctive therapy to L-Dopa plus a DDCI and other PD therapy...
September 2016: Drugs
Hongping Yao, Juanyi Feng, Qiaowei Zheng, Youxia Wei, Shixiang Wang, Weiyi Feng
AIMS: This study investigated the efficacies of gliclazide (GLZ), methylcobalamin (MCA), and GLZ+MCA combination therapy on DPN by evaluating the treatment-related changes in peripheral nerve function, the polyol pathway, and oxidative stress in the sciatic nerve of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model of streptozotocin-induced diabetes was orally given GLZ (25mg/kg/day), MCA (175μg/kg/day), and GLZ+MCA (25mg/kg/day+175μg/kg/day) combination therapy for 8weeks, in order to observe its effects on the motor nerve conduction velocity (MNCV), on the activities of Na(+), K(+)-ATPase, aldose reductase(AR), AR mRNA expression, on the polyol contents, antioxidative enzyme activities and peroxidation products in the sciatic never tissue...
September 15, 2016: Life Sciences
John C Morgan, Susan H Fox
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: After a patient is diagnosed with Parkinson disease (PD), there are many therapeutic options available. This article provides examples of prototypical patients encountered in clinical practice and illustrates the various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options for the motor symptoms of PD. RECENT FINDINGS: Levodopa became available in the late 1960s and remains the gold standard for the treatment of PD even today. Since that time, amantadine, monoamine oxidase type B inhibitors, dopamine agonists, and catechol-O-methyltransferase inhibitors have emerged as monotherapy, add-on therapies, or both, in the armamentarium against PD...
August 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Patricia Hafner, Ulrike Bonati, Daniela Rubino, Vanya Gocheva, Thomas Zumbrunn, Nuri Gueven, Dirk Fischer
BACKGROUND: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disease that affects 1 in 3500-6000 male births. Despite broad research aiming to improve muscle function as well as heart and brain function, sufficient therapeutic efficacy has not yet been achieved and current therapeutic management is still supportive. In a recent pilot trial, oral treatment with L-arginine and metformin showed consistent changes of muscular metabolism both in vitro and in vivo by raising NO levels and expression of mitochondrial proteins in the skeletal muscle tissue of patients with DMD...
2016: Trials
M Südmeyer, G Ebersbach, M Holtmann, W Jost, P Odin, C Schrader, C Winkler
Patients with advanced Parkinson's disease and motor complications undergoing optimized oral therapy can significantly benefit from continuous intrajejunal levodopa/carbidopa infusion applied by means of a medication pump. However, this requires a correctly positioned PEG-J tube and finely adjusted pump settings. Although this method is a routine procedure in specialist centers, no standard procedure has been defined up to now. For this reason, an expert recommendation regarding the practical application has been developed in order to standardize the procedure and facilitate patient access to this treatment option...
July 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Rosa Luisa Potenza, Roberta De Simone, Monica Armida, Valentina Mazziotti, Antonella Pèzzola, Patrizia Popoli, Luisa Minghetti
Fingolimod phosphate (FTY720), the first approved oral therapy for multiple sclerosis, primarily acts as an immunomodulator. Its concomitant effects in the central nervous system, however, indicate a potentially broader spectrum of activity in neurodegenerative diseases. In the present study, we investigated the possible effects of fingolimod in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a strong neuroinflammatory component. Fingolimod (0.1 and 1 mg/kg i...
July 25, 2016: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Antonio Costantini, Erika Trevi, Maria Immacolata Pala, Roberto Fancellu
Primary torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterised by sustained or intermittent involuntary muscle contractions causing abnormal movements, postures or both. In this study, 3 brothers affected by inherited primary dystonia 16 (DYT16) began an oral therapy with high-dose thiamine from November to December 2015. After 3 months, an important improvement of the motor symptoms was observed. Our results support the hypothesis that pathogenesis of the symptoms might be related to a dysfunction in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation due to a focal impairment of thiamine-dependent processes...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Michael Saulino, Cindy B Ivanhoe, John R McGuire, Barbara Ridley, Jeffrey S Shilt, Aaron L Boster
INTRODUCTION: When spasticity interferes with comfort, function, activities of daily living, mobility, positioning, or caregiver assistance, patients should be considered for intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy. METHODS: An expert panel consulted on best practices. RESULTS: ITB can be considered for problematic spasticity involving muscles/muscle groups during all phases of diseases, including progressive neurologic diseases. ITB alone or with other treatments should not be exclusively reserved for individuals who have failed other approaches...
August 2016: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
Megumi Akamatsu, Takenari Yamashita, Naoki Hirose, Sayaka Teramoto, Shin Kwak
Both TDP-43 pathology and failure of RNA editing of AMPA receptor subunit GluA2, are etiology-linked molecular abnormalities that concomitantly occur in the motor neurons of the majority of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). AR2 mice, in which an RNA editing enzyme adenosine deaminase acting on RNA 2 (ADAR2) is conditionally knocked out in the motor neurons, exhibit a progressive ALS phenotype with TDP-43 pathology in the motor neurons through a Ca(2+)-permeable AMPA receptor-mediated mechanism...
2016: Scientific Reports
Charlotte L Rae, Cristina Nombela, Patricia Vázquez Rodríguez, Zheng Ye, Laura E Hughes, P Simon Jones, Timothy Ham, Timothy Rittman, Ian Coyle-Gilchrist, Ralf Regenthal, Barbara J Sahakian, Roger A Barker, Trevor W Robbins, James B Rowe
Parkinson's disease impairs the inhibition of responses, and whilst impulsivity is mild for some patients, severe impulse control disorders affect ∼10% of cases. Based on preclinical models we proposed that noradrenergic denervation contributes to the impairment of response inhibition, via changes in the prefrontal cortex and its subcortical connections. Previous work in Parkinson's disease found that the selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor atomoxetine could improve response inhibition, gambling decisions and reflection impulsivity...
August 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"