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Mother obesity

Megan R Kwon, Eileen Cress, W Andrew Clark, Arsham Alamian, Yongke Lu, Jonathan M Peterson
Background: C1q TNF related protein 3 (CTRP3) is a relatively novel hormonal factor primarily derived from adipose tissue and has anti-diabetic properties. To determine if CTRP3 could play a role in early childhood development, the purpose of this study was to establish the presence of CTRP3 in breast milk (BM) and to determine whether CTRP3 levels were correlated with pregravid obesity status of the mother. Methods: Breast milk was collected from breast-feeding mothers who had a pregravid body mass index (BMI) classification of normal weight (BMI 18-25 kg/m2 , n = 23) or obese (BMI > 30 kg/m2 , n = 14)...
2018: PeerJ
Rachel L Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: To understand how fathers of preschool-aged children define overweight and obesity in children, investigate how fathers influence or attempt to influence their child's nutrition and physical activity behavior, and explore the father's perceived role in making decisions regarding his child's weight status. METHODS: Explorative study using an online survey, with 9 open-ended questions. Content analysis using constant comparative method was applied to data...
March 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Åsa Norman, Gisela Nyberg, Liselotte Schäfer Elinder, Anita Berlin
BACKGROUND: A social gradient is evident in the prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity, to the disadvantage of children with low socioeconomic status (SES). Parents have a substantial influence on their children's dietary behaviours and weight development through the way they interact with the children around food. This study aims to explore the variation of how parents with low SES influence their child's dietary behaviours. METHODS: A phenomenographic design and analysis was used on 29 sessions of motivational interviewing with mothers and fathers participating in the Healthy School Start intervention study in 2012...
March 7, 2018: Appetite
Awfa Y Alazzeh, Eyad M AlShammari, Majdi M Smadi, Firas S Azzeh, Bandar T AlShammari, Suneetha Epuru, Shahidah Banu, Rafia Bano, Shadi Sulaiman, Jerold C Alcantara, Syed A Ashraf, Samir Qiblawi
A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the effect of some socioeconomic factors and lifestyle habits on the prevalence of obesity among adolescent male students in the Hail region, Saudi Arabia. A questionnaire was filled by 1495 male adolescents distributed among 12 schools in the Hail region. Body weight and height were taken, and the Z -score of students was measured using Anthroplus software with a cutoff 1-2 and +2 standard deviations to determine overweight and obesity, respectively. The study revealed that 21...
March 9, 2018: Children
Yang Feng, Chen-Dong Jiang, Ai-Min Chang, Ying Shi, Junjun Gao, Linlin Zhu, Zhan Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations and interactions between the polymorphisms of insulin resistance-related genes (ADIPOQ rs2241766), inflammation factors (TNF-α rs1800629, IL-6 rs1800795), obesity-related genes (GNB3 rs5443, ADRB rs1042714), and risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) such as diet structure in the development of GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research was conducted among women who visited the third-affiliate hospital of Zhengzhou University for pregnancy checkups from 1 June 2014 to 30 December 2014...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Christina Wraw, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Catharine R Gale
OBJECTIVE: The present study tested the association between both mothers' and offspring's intelligence and offspring's body mass index (BMI) in youth. METHOD: Participants were members of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY-79) Children and Young Adults cohort (n = 11,512) and their biological mothers who were members of the NLSY-79 (n = 4932). Offspring's IQ was measured with the Peabody Individual Achievement Test (PIAT). Mothers' IQ was measured with the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT)...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Féaron C Cassidy, Marika Charalambous
In the 1980s, mouse nuclear transplantation experiments revealed that both male and female parental genomes are required for successful development to term ( McGrath and Solter, 1983; Surani and Barton, 1983). This non-equivalence of parental genomes is because imprinted genes are predominantly expressed from only one parental chromosome. Uniparental inheritance of these genomic regions causes paediatric growth disorders such as Beckwith-Wiedemann and Silver-Russell syndromes (reviewed in Peters, 2014). More than 100 imprinted genes have now been discovered and the functions of many of these genes have been assessed in murine models...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
Birgit Arabin, Nina Timmesfeld, Kathrin Noever, Susann Behnam, Christin Ellermann, Mirjam Jenny
The rates of overweight, obesity and morbid obesity cause major public health problems in both the developed and the developing world. In this paper, we review the prevalence, the impact on short- and long-term health of mother and offspring and the burden for societies. In addition, we try to demonstrate that scientific publications and guidelines per se have not yet interrupted the vicious cycle of transgenerational transfer and the risks of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. We propose some different ways to improve health literacy to better communicate the serious facts into effective information for health care politicians and providers and mainly to present and future parents...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Tyler G Ketterl, Nicolas J Dundas, Steven A Roncaioli, Alyson J Littman, Amanda I Phipps
Background Maternal overweight and obesity is one of the most common high-risk obstetric conditions associated with adverse birth outcomes. Smaller studies have suggested that pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is associated with postpartum weight retention. Objective The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between pre-pregnancy BMI status and maternal weight retention. Study design We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using Washington State birth certificate data from 2003-2013...
March 6, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
M Štefan, J Vojtěch
OBJECTIVE: This article reviews up-to-date data on antibiotic therapy in pregnancy. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Infectious Diseases, Military University Hospital Prague; Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant literary sources have been considered, including articles in English indexed in Pubmed, monographies in English and articles in Czech. CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotic therapy in pregnancy must be rational...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Inga Petraviciene, Regina Grazuleviciene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Audrius Dedele, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
Background: The complex impact of environmental and social factors on preschool children being overweight/obese is unclear. We examined the associations between the levels of green space exposure and the risk of being overweight/obese for 4-6 year-old children and assessed the impact of maternal education on these associations. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1489 mother-child pairs living in Kaunas, Lithuania, in 2012-2013. We assessed children overweight/obesity by standardized questionnaires using international body mass index cut-off points, and the level of greenness exposures by satellite-derived normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) of each child's home and by the distance to a nearest city park...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Sharon Daniel, Reut Rotem, Gideon Koren, Eitan Lunenfeld, Amalia Levy
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortions are the most common complication of pregnancy. Clotrimazole and miconazole are widely used vaginal-anti-mycotic agents used for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis. A previous study has suggested an increased risk of miscarriage associated with these azoles, which may lead health professionals to refrain from their use even if clinically indicated. The aim of the current study was to assess the risk for spontaneous abortions following first trimester exposure to vaginal-anti-mycotics...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jacob E Friedman, Evgenia Dobrinskikh, Alba Alfonso-Garcia, Alexander Fast, Rachel C Janssen, Taylor K Soderborg, Aimee L Anderson, Julie A Reisz, Angelo D'Alessandro, Daniel N Frank, Charles E Robertson, Becky A de la Houssaye, Linda K Johnson, David J Orlicky, Xiaoxin X Wang, Moshe Levi, Eric O Potma, Karim C El Kasmi, Karen R Jonscher
Increasingly, evidence suggests that exposure to maternal obesity creates an inflammatory environment in utero , exerting long-lasting postnatal signatures on the juvenile innate immune system and microbiome that may predispose offspring to development of fatty liver disease. We found that exposure to a maternal Western-style diet (WD) accelerated fibrogenesis in the liver of offspring and was associated with early recruitment of proinflammatory macrophages at 8-12 weeks and microbial dysbiosis as early as 3 weeks of age...
March 2018: Hepatology Communications
Qian Chen, Ellen Francis, Gang Hu, Liwei Chen
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) reflects an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D) after pregnancy in women. Offspring born to mothers with GDM are at an elevated risk of obesity and T2D at a young age. Currently, there are lack of ways for identifying women in early pregnancy who are at risk of developing GDM. As a result, both mothers and fetus are not treated until late in the second trimester when GDM is diagnosed. The recent advance in metabolomics, a new approach of systematic investigation of the metabolites, provides an opportunity for early detection of GDM, and classifying the risk of subsequent chronic diseases among women and their offspring...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
K K Davison, N Kitos, A Aftosmes-Tobio, T Ash, A Agaronov, Martina Sepulveda, J Haines
Despite recognition that parents are critical stakeholders in childhood obesity prevention, obesity research has overwhelmingly focused on mothers. In a recent review, fathers represented only 17% of parent participants in >600 observational studies on parenting and childhood obesity. The current study examined the representation of fathers in family interventions to prevent childhood obesity and characteristics of interventions that include fathers compared with those that only include mothers. Eligible studies included family-based interventions for childhood obesity prevention published between 2008 and 2015 identified in a recent systematic review...
February 27, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Beatriz Barquiel, Lucrecia Herranz, Diego Meneses, Óscar Moreno, Natalia Hillman, Mª Ángeles Burgos, José Luis Bartha
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate the greatest gestational weight gain (GWG) without adverse pregnancy complications in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and morbid obesity. METHODS: An observational retrospective study including 3284 patients with single pregnancies and GDM was completed. Of the patients, 131 (4.0%) were classified as having pre-pregnancy morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 35 kg/m2 ). Perinatal complications were compared among BMI groups...
March 1, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Michelle Harrison, Wendy Brodribb, Peter S W Davies, Julie Hepworth
Introduction Obesity is a global problem that is challenging to prevent and expensive to treat. Early childhood interventions show promise in establishing lifelong healthy eating patterns, however a better understanding of how parental feeding practices develop is needed. The study aimed to investigate maternal perception of infant weight and its relationship to feeding practices and infant dietary intake. Methods A questionnaire was completed by 263 Queensland mothers of infants aged between 5 and 13 months...
March 1, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Nurah M Hammoud, Gerard H A Visser, Lenie van Rossem, Douwe H Biesma, Jan M Wit, Harold W de Valk
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is reported to be associated with childhood obesity, however the magnitude of this association and relation to intrauterine growth is uncertain. We, therefore, aimed to assess whether the growth trajectories of large for gestational age (LGA) and non-LGA offspring of mothers with GDM (OGDM) are different until early adolescence. We also aimed to explore whether growth trajectories of OGDM differ from those of offspring of mothers with type 1 or 2 diabetes (ODM1, ODM2)...
February 28, 2018: Diabetologia
María José Aguilar-Cordero, Juan Carlos Sánchez-García, Raquel Rodriguez-Blanque, Antonio Manuel Sánchez-López, Norma Mur-Villar
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) can begin within 6 weeks postpartum (International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision) and represents a significant health problem for mothers. AIM: To determine whether physical activity during pregnancy alleviates PPD. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial in which the exercise group practiced moderate physical exercise in an aquatic environment (1-hour sessions, 3 days a week), following the recommendations of the SWEP method...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Liv Guro Engen Hanem, Solhild Stridsklev, Pétur B Júlíusson, Øyvind Salvesen, Mathieu Roelants, Sven M Carlsen, Rønnaug Ødegård, Eszter Vanky
Context: Metformin is used in pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes mellitus, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and obesity. Metformin passes the placenta. Objective: To explore the effects of metformin use in PCOS pregnancies on offspring growth to 4 years of age. Design: Follow-up study of two randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trials. Setting: Secondary care centers. Eleven public hospitals in Norway...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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