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Mother obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527745/early-life-protein-intake-food-sources-correlates-and-tracking-across-the-first-5-years-of-life
#1
Karen J Campbell, Gavin Abbott, Miaobing Zheng, Sarah A McNaughton
BACKGROUND: High consumption of protein has been associated with accelerated growth and adiposity in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To describe intake, food sources, correlates, and tracking of protein in young children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of Melbourne Infant Feeding Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT). Dietary data were collected using three 24-hour dietary recalls at ages 9 and 18 months as well as 3.5 and 5 years. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: First-time mothers and their child (n=542) participated in an 18-month intervention to prevent childhood obesity and the cohort was followed-up with no intervention when children were aged 3...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527530/intergenerational-impact-of-maternal-overnutrition-and-obesity-throughout-pregnancy-in-sheep-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-grandsons-and-granddaughters
#2
C L Pankey, M W Walton, J F Odhiambo, A M Smith, A B Ghnenis, P W Nathanielsz, S P Ford
We previously reported that maternal overnutrition and obesity (MO) throughout pregnancy and lactation in sheep (MOF0) decreases term fetal pancreatic β-cell numbers and increases perirenal adiposity producing hyperphagia, increased adiposity and insulin resistance in adult female offspring (MOF1) fed ad libitum. Pregnant female MOF1 exhibited increased blood glucose from mid to late gestation vs control F1 (CTRF1) though both groups ate only to NRC recommendations. MOF1 ewes delivered female offspring (F2) who like their MOF1 mothers exhibited increased abdominal adiposity and absent neonatal leptin surge...
April 22, 2017: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527122/effects-of-cigarette-smoke-exposure-during-suckling-on-food-intake-fat-mass-hormones-and-biochemical-profile-of-young-and-adult-female-rats
#3
Patricia Cristina Lisboa, Patricia Novaes Soares, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Camila Calvino, Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Dayse Nascimento Bernardino, Viviane Younes-Rapozo, Alex Christian Manhães, Elaine de Oliveira, Egberto Gaspar de Moura
PURPOSE: Children from smoking mothers have a higher risk of developing obesity and associated comorbidities later in life. Different experimental models have been used to assess the mechanisms involved with this increased risk. Using a rat model of neonatal nicotine exposure via implantation of osmotic minipumps in lactating dams, we have previously shown marked sexual dimorphisms regarding metabolic and endocrine outcomes in the adult progeny. Considering that more than four thousand substances are found in tobacco smoke besides nicotine, we then studied a rat model of neonatal tobacco smoke exposure: adult male offspring had hyperphagia, obesity, hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, secondary hyperthyroidism and lower adrenal hormones...
May 19, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526669/development-of-an-evidence-informed-blog-to-promote-healthy-eating-among-mothers-use-of-the-intervention-mapping-protocol
#4
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Simone Lemieux, Annie Lapointe, Véronique Provencher, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to dietary guidelines and a concurrent rise of obesity-related chronic diseases emphasize the need for effective interventions to promote healthy eating. There is growing recognition that behavior change interventions should draw on theories of behavior change. Online interventions grounded in theory lead to increased effectiveness for health behavior change; however, few theory-driven social media-based health promotion interventions have been described in the literature...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#5
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526378/association-between-prepregnancy-obesity-and-metabolic-risk-in-chilean-premenopausal-women-10%C3%A2-y-postpartum
#6
Maria Luisa Garmendia, Carolina Zamudio, Marcela Araya, Juliana Kain
OBJECTIVES: One of every four pregnant women in Chile is obese. Gestational obesity is associated with maternal metabolic complications in pregnancy (e.g., gestational diabetes, preeclampsia), but to our knowledge, there is little evidence on relationships with future metabolic risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between prepregnancy obesity (prepregnancy body mass index ≥30 kg/m(2)) or excessive gestational weight gain (GWG; according to the 2009 recommendations from the Institute of Medicine), and maternal metabolic complications 10 y postpartum in premenopausal Chilean women...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526006/cardiometabolic-profile-of-obese-children-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo, Olivier Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabolic complications associated with childhood obesity at the early phase of the management of obese children in a reference center in Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted from November 2013 to September 2014 and based on World Health Organization (WHO) classification of Obesity (BMI > 3SD under 5 years and BMI > 2SD from 5 and above), we included children aged 3 to 17 years who were being followed up for obesity at the pediatric endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Center of the Chantal BIYA Foundation in Yaounde, Cameroon...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514782/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-influenza-a-virus-infection-during-pregnancy-associated-with-an-increased-risk-for-stillbirth-and-low-birth-weight
#8
Jing He, Zhi-Wei Liu, Yong-Ping Lu, Tao-Yuan Li, Xu-Jing Liang, Petra C Arck, Si-Min Huang, Berthold Hocher, You-Peng Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Impaired pregnancy outcomes, such as low birth weight are associated with increased disease risk in later life, however little is known about the impact of common infectious diseases during pregnancy on birth weight. The study had two aims: a) to investigate risk factors of influenza virus infection during pregnancy, and b) to analyze the impact of influenza virus infection on pregnancy outcome, especially birth weight. METHODS: Prospective and retrospective observational studies found in PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, and WangFang database were included in this meta analysis...
May 15, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513863/relative-contributions-of-maternal-western-type-high-fat-high-sugar-diets-and-maternal-obesity-to-altered-metabolic-function-in-pregnancy
#9
Elena Zambrano, Peter W Nathanielsz
Human epidemiological and experimental animal studies have shown that maternal obesity (MO) combined with high energy Western-style high fat-high sugar (HFHS) obesogenic diets can have adverse effects on mothers and fetuses during pregnancy and lactation and predispose offspring to later life metabolic dysfunction. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513622/human-milk-insulin-is-related-to-maternal-plasma-insulin-and-bmi-but-other-components-of-human-milk-do-not-differ-by-bmi
#10
B E Young, Z Patinkin, C Palmer, B de la Houssaye, L A Barbour, T Hernandez, J E Friedman, N F Krebs
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The impact of maternal BMI and insulin sensitivity on bioactive components of human milk (HM) is not well understood. As the prevalence of obesity and diabetes rises, it is increasingly critical that we understand how maternal BMI and hormones associated with metabolic disease relate to concentrations of bioactive components in HM. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This longitudinal cohort design followed 48 breastfeeding mothers through the first four months of lactation, collecting fasting morning HM samples at 2-weeks and 1, 2, 3 and 4-months, and fasting maternal blood at 2-weeks and 4-months...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511437/children-s-physical-activity-awareness-among-mothers-in-a-saudi-arabian-health-center
#11
Maysah Amer, Ghada Al Arfaj, Abdulaziz A Alodhayani
INTRODUCTION: Physical inactivity is a major contributor to the increasing levels of obesity and other serious medical conditions among children and adolescents worldwide. A major factor in this increase is lack of awareness of mothers' regarding the Physical Activity (PA) of their children. AIM: The current study aimed to identify the degree of knowledge and awareness of Saudi mothers' regarding their children's physical activities, which will be useful for improving physical education, health programs, and eventually children's health care...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511079/psychosocial-stress-and-obesity-among-children-residing-in-kaunas-city
#12
Regina Grazuleviciene, Inga Petraviciene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Birute Balseviciene
INTRODUCTION: An unfavorable psychosocial environment has been associated with an increased prevalence of obesity among children. However, the available evidence on the association of low socioeconomic status and parent-child relationships with childhood obesity is scarce. The aim of our study was to conduct a simultaneous evaluation of the risks associated with pathological mother-child relationships, education level, and overweight/obesity among 4-6 year-old children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1489 mother-child pairs living in Kaunas city, Lithuania...
May 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509412/-three-hits-hypothesis-for-developmental-origins-of-health-and-diseases-in-view-of-cardiovascular-abnormalities
#13
REVIEW
Xiang Li, Mengshu Zhang, Xinghua Pan, Zhice Xu, Miao Sun
"Fetal Origins of Adult Diseases" (FOAD) or "Barker hypothesis," also known as the developmental origins of health and diseases (DoHaD), was initially proposed by David Barker in the 1980s. Progress in past 2 to 3 decades demonstrated that many adult disorders, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, cancer, and others, could be linked to poor development resulting from in utero insults. Utero-environments play a critical role in fetal development. Because the placenta and umbilical cord are the only important connections between the fetus and mother in the uterus, this review pays special attention to recent research and progress in the study of the relationship between those tissues and FOAD...
May 16, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507009/a-systematic-examination-of-the-association-between-parental-and-child-obesity-across-countries
#14
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Jungwon Min, Jacob Khuri, Miao Li
Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic. Parents can have an important influence on their children's health behaviors and weight status. Many studies have examined the association between parental and childhood weight status. However, much heterogeneity between studies exists, and the parent-child (P-C) association in obesity has varied. The purpose of this systematic examination and meta-analysis was to examine the strength and variation of the P-C association in obesity and to identify factors (e.g...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502516/detecting-familial-hypercholesterolemia-the-jack-and-the-beanstalk-principle
#15
Andrew C Martin, Charlotte Allen, Jing Pang, Gerald F Watts
We report the case of an 8-year-old girl who was fortuitously diagnosed with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) while being investigated for obesity. She had a fasting total cholesterol of 11.8 mmol/L and a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level of 10.3 mmol/L. Her mother and maternal grandmother both had a history of hypercholesterolemia and had developed extensive xanthelasma palpebrarum from early adult life. Reverse cascade testing of first-degree and second-degree relatives diagnosed a further 6 individuals with FH within the family...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499148/long-term-neighborhood-poverty-trajectories-and-obesity-in-a-sample-of-california-mothers
#16
Connor M Sheehan, Phillip A Cantu, Daniel A Powers, Claire E Margerison-Zilko, Catherine Cubbin
Neighborhoods (and people) are not static, and are instead shaped by dynamic long-term processes of change (and mobility). Using the Geographic Research on Wellbeing survey, a population-based sample of 2339 Californian mothers, we characterize then investigate how long-term latent neighborhood poverty trajectories predict the likelihood of obesity, taking into account short-term individual residential mobility. We find that, net of individual and neighborhood-level controls, living in or moving to tracts that experienced long-term low poverty was associated with lower odds of being obese relative to living in tracts characterized by long-term high poverty...
May 9, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494500/exercise-as-an-effective-transgenerational-strategy-to-overcome-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-future-generation-are-we-there
#17
Ramires Alsamir Tibana, Octávio Luiz Franco, Rinaldo Wellerson Pereira, James Navalta, Jonato Prestes
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) consist in a combination of cardiovascular risk factors including elevated blood pressure, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia and abdominal obesity. Exercise performed before, during and after pregnancy can exert positive effects to counteract MetS risk factors. Here this review aims to analyze the effects of exercise performed before (fathers and mothers) and after periconception (mothers) by using experimental models and its effects on MetS risk factors in offspring...
May 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493861/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-neuropsychological-development-in-pre-school-children-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Maribel Casas, Joan Forns, David Martínez, Mònica Guxens, Ana Fernandez-Somoano, Jesus Ibarluzea, Nerea Lertxundi, Mario Murcia, Marisa Rebagliato, Adonina Tardon, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BACKGROUND: Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity may impair infant neuropsychological development, but it is unclear if intrauterine or confounding factors drive this association. METHODS: We assessed whether maternal pre-pregnancy obesity was associated with neuropsychological development in 1,827 Spanish children. At 5 years, cognitive and psychomotor development was assessed using McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms using the Criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms using the Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test...
May 11, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486211/low-expectations-do-teachers-underestimate-the-ability-of-overweight-children-or-the-children-of-overweight-mothers
#19
Michelle Queally, Edel Doherty, Francis M Finucane, Ciaran O'Neill
Using the first wave of the Growing Up in Ireland Survey of nine year old children we examine whether a teacher's assessment of their pupil's academic ability is influenced by the weight status of the child and/or the child's mother. Multivariate regression analyses of the teacher's assessment, controlling for the child's actual test performance, their BMI, their mother's BMI, other socio-demographic and teacher characteristics were undertaken. The study highlighted that child BMI was not a significant determinant but that children whose mother was obese were more likely to be rated as below average in reading and in maths compared to those whose mother was leaner, after adjusting for their measured ability...
April 28, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486003/placental-lipoprotein-lipase-dna-methylation-alterations-are-associated-with-gestational-diabetes-and-body-composition-at-5%C3%A2-years-of-age
#20
Valérie Gagné-Ouellet, Andrée-Anne Houde, Simon-Pierre Guay, Patrice Perron, Daniel Gaudet, Renée Guérin, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon, Marie-France Hivert, Diane Brisson, Luigi Bouchard
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with obesity in childhood. This suggests that consequences of in utero exposure to maternal hyperglycemia extend beyond the fetal development, possibly through epigenetic programming. The aims of this study were to assess whether placental DNA methylation (DNAm) marks were associated with maternal GDM status and to offspring body composition at 5 years old in a prospective birth cohort. DNAm levels were measured in the fetal side of the placenta in 66 samples (24 from GDM mothers) using bisDNA-pyrosequencing...
May 9, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
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