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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339565/a-home-visiting-parenting-program-and-child-obesity-a-randomized-trial
#1
Monica Roosa Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Margaret L Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C Mayes
BACKGROUND: Young children living in historically marginalized families are at risk for becoming adolescents with obesity and subsequently adults with increased obesity-related morbidities. These risks are particularly acute for Hispanic children. We hypothesized that the prevention-focused, socioecological approach of the "Minding the Baby" (MTB) home visiting program might decrease the rate of childhood overweight and obesity early in life. METHODS: This study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which we include data collected during 2 phases of the MTB randomized controlled trial...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338753/examining-within-and-across-day-relationships-between-transient-and-chronic-stress-and-parent-food-related-parenting-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-stress-types-and-food-related-parenting-practices
#2
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Angela Fertig, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Michael Miner
BACKGROUND: Although prior research suggests that stress may play a role in parent's use of food-related parenting practices, it is unclear whether certain types of stress (e.g., transient, chronic) result in different food-related parenting practices. Identifying whether and how transient (i.e., momentary; parent/child conflict) and chronic (i.e., long-term; unemployment >6 months) sources of stress are related to parent food-related parenting practices is important with regard to childhood obesity...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337863/dairy-related-dietary-patterns-dietary-calcium-body-weight-and-composition-a-study-of-obesity-in-polish-mothers-and-daughters-the-modaf-project
#3
Lidia Wadolowska, Natalia Ulewicz, Kamila Sobas, Justyna W Wuenstel, Malgorzata A Slowinska, Ewa Niedzwiedzka, Magdalena Czlapka-Matyasik
The role of the family environment in regards to dairy products and dietary calcium in the context of obesity is not fully understood. The aim of the study was to investigate the association among dairy-related dietary patterns (DDPs), dietary calcium, body weight and composition in mothers and daughters. Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey within the MODAF Project. A total sample of 712 pairs of mothers (<60 years) and daughters (12-21 years) was studied. This study included 691 pairs. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (ADOS-Ca) was used to collect dietary data...
January 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334705/-gestational-weight-gain-and-optimal-ranges-in-chinese-mothers-giving-singleton-and-full-term-births-in-2013
#4
J Wang, Y F Duan, X H Pang, S Jiang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of gestational weight gain (GWG) among Chinese mothers who gave singleton and full-term births, and to look at optimal GWG ranges. Methods: In 2013, using the multi-stage stratified and population proportional cluster sampling method, we investigated 8 323 mother-child pairs at their 0-24 months postpartum from 55 counties (cities/districts) of 30 provinces (except Tibet) in mainland China. Questionnaire was used to collect data on body weight before pregnancy and delivery, diseases during gestation, hemorrhage or not at postpartum, child birth weight and length, and other information about pregnant outcomes...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329330/obesity-and-abnormal-glucose-tolerance-in-offspring-of-diabetic-mothers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Maki Kawasaki, Naoko Arata, Celine Miyazaki, Rintaro Mori, Toru Kikuchi, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Rising prevalence of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an emerging public health issue. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of maternal hyperglycemia exposure during pregnancy with obesity and abnormal glucose tolerance in offspring, and the age at occurrence. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for observational studies on obesity and diabetes in offspring of diabetic mothers (gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and T2DM), and those on non-diabetic mothers...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322871/are-extremely-low-gestational-age-newborns-born-to-obese-women-at-increased-risk-of-cerebral-palsy-at-2-years
#6
Jelske W van der Burg, T Michael O'Shea, Karl Kuban, Elizabeth N Allred, Nigel Paneth, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton
The authors hypothesized that the risk of cerebral palsy at 2 years in children born extremely preterm to overweight and obese women is increased relative to the risk among children born to neither overweight nor obese women. In a multicenter prospective cohort study, the authors created multinomial logistic regression models of the risk of diparetic, quadriparetic, and hemiparetic cerebral palsy that included the prepregnancy body mass index of mothers of 1014 children born extremely preterm, cerebral palsy diagnoses of children at 2 years, as well as information about potential confounders...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319751/effects-of-maternal-high-fat-intake-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-on-total-cholesterol-and-adipose-tissue-in-neonatal-rats
#7
M S Lima, G S Perez, G L Morais, L S Santos, G S Cordeiro, R D Couto, T C B J Deiró, C G Leandro, J M Barreto-Medeiros
AIM: Obesity during pregnancy is one of the most established risk factors for negative long-term programming. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of maternal consumption of a high-fat diet during pregnancy and lactation on the weight gain, visceral adipose tissue and cholesterolemia in neonatal rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were divided into two groups according to the mother's diet during pregnancy and lactation: Control group (CG, n = 12) were the offspring of rats fed a standard diet (4% lipid) and the Test group (TG, n = 12) were pups rats fed on a high fat diet (23% lipid)...
January 8, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316934/physiological-mitochondrial-and-oxidative-stress-differences-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-lactation-in-rats
#8
Hayden W Hyatt, Yufeng Zhang, Wendy R Hood, Andreas N Kavazis
BACKGROUND: Human epidemiological data show that breastfeeding reduces the mother's probability of developing several disease conditions, including obesity and type II diabetes compared to mothers that give birth but do not breastfeed. The goal of this investigation was to characterize how lactation changes a rat's body composition, metabolism, mitochondrial function, and oxidative stress. METHODS: Ten-week old female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n = 8 per group): 1) non-reproductive (NR), 2) those that were allowed to mate and give birth, but were not allowed to suckle their pups (PP), and 3) those that were allowed to mate and give birth, and suckled their young until weaning at 21 days (PL)...
January 9, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308384/incidence-and-prevalence-of-childhood-obesity-in-tehran-iran-in-2011
#9
Azadeh Mottaghi, Parvin Mirmiran, Katayoon Pourvali, Zhaleh Tahmasbpour, Fereidoun Azizi
Background: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and prevalence of obesity in Tehranian children. Methods: Data from children participated in Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) were evaluated. Cut off points for definition of obesity was the CDC's standard thresholds of the 95th percentile and 85th percentile for overweight. Prevalence, annual incidence of obesity, cumulative incidence over 10 year and the incidence density (cases per person-years) totally were calculated...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306622/commonly-occurring-adverse-birth-outcomes-and-maternal-depression-a-longitudinal-study
#10
A M Kingsbury, M Plotnikova, J M Najman
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes have a long-term impact on the mental health of mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate whether commonly occurring adverse birth outcomes predicted mothers' depressive-symptom trajectories over a 27-year period following the birth of a baby. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study. METHODS: Participants comprised a sub-group of women from the longitudinal cohort of the Mater and University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy...
January 4, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299736/the-impact-of-probiotic-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-dna-methylation-of-obesity-related-genes-in-mothers-and-their-children
#11
Sanna Vähämiko, Asta Laiho, Riikka Lund, Erika Isolauri, Seppo Salminen, Kirsi Laitinen
PURPOSE: Dietary supplementation with probiotics during pregnancy has been suggested to decrease the risk for obesity in women after delivery and to minimize excessive weight gain in their children. Epigenetic DNA methylation has been proposed to impact on gene activity, thereby providing a plausible molecular mechanism for a broad range of biological processes and diseases. This pilot study aimed to evaluate whether probiotic supplementation during pregnancy could modify the DNA methylation status of the promoters of obesity and weight gain-related genes in mothers and their children...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295664/effect-of-different-combination-of-maternal-and-postnatal-diet-on-adipose-tissue-morphology-in-male-rat-offspring
#12
Darija Šnajder, Željka Perić Kačarević, Anđela Grgić, Nikola Bijelić, Matija Fenrich, Tatjana Belovari, Radivoje Radić
PURPOSE: Adipose tissue expansion can occur through several different ways and, under certain conditions, can be connected with chronic inflammation. TNF-α is one of the important cytokines involved in this process. Prolonged inflammation in obesity can lead to obesity-related insulin resistance and tissue dysfunction. The aim of our study was to investigate how different combination of maternal and postnatal diet affects offspring adipose tissue morphology and adipose tissue TNF-α expression...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295487/infant-feeding-beliefs-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-chinese-immigrant-mothers-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Qun Le, Mary L Greaney
Chinese are a fast-growing immigrant population group in several parts of the world (e.g., Australia, Canada, Europe, Southeast Asia, United States). Research evidence suggests that compared to non-Hispanic whites, individuals of Asian-origin including Chinese are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes at a lower body mass index (BMI). These risks may be possibly due to genetic differences in body composition and metabolic responses. Despite the increasing numbers of Chinese children growing up in immigrant families and the increasing prevalence of obesity among Chinese, little research has been focused on children of Chinese immigrant families...
December 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285448/maternal-and-neonatal-outcome-in-mothers-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
G Thiruvikrama Prakash, Ashok Kumar Das, Syed Habeebullah, Vishnu Bhat, Suryanarayana Bettadpura Shamanna
Introduction: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is common and is accompanied with other comorbidities. Challenges to treatment exist at our institute as it serves women with low income. This study assessed the burden of comorbidities and the outcome of GDM. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study of women with gestational diabetes attending the obstetrics department from September 2012 to April 2014. GDM was diagnosed based on the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280659/prevalence-of-hypovitaminosis-d-and-associated-factors-in-adolescent-students-of-a-capital-of-northeastern-brazil
#15
Euarda Pontes Dos Santos Araújo, Dayanna Joyce Marques Queiroz, Juliana Padilha Ramos Neves, Lavoisiana Mateus de Lacerda, Maria Da Conceição Rodrigues Gonçalves, Alice Teles de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D is a frequent problem in the world and can be influenced by several factors. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and associated factors in adolescent students of a capital city of northeastern Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional epidemiological study assessing 220 school adolescents of both sexes aged 15 to 19 years. A questionnaire was applied to assess sociodemographic (skin color, mother's education and receiving social benefits) and behavioral data (number of hours of sleep per day, sun exposure, physical activity and dietary vitamin D intake)...
November 16, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277462/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-prevent-infant-overweight-in-a-high-risk-population
#16
Elizabeth Reifsnider, David P McCormick, Karen W Cullen, Michael Todd, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Lucia Reyna
INTRODUCTION: Infants are at risk of overweight. Infant overweight predisposes child, adolescent, and adult to obesity. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that parent education, initiated prenatally, and provided in the home, would reduce the incidence of infant overweight at age 12 months. METHODS: Pregnant obese Latina women were recruited at WIC and randomized to intervention versus control. Intervention subjects received home visits by trained Spanish-fluent community health workers who provided counseling on infant growth, breastfeeding, nutrition, child development, sleep, physical activity, and safety...
December 22, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273781/altered-gene-expression-and-metabolism-in-fetal-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-correspond-with-differences-in-5-month-old-infant-adiposity-gain
#17
Peter R Baker, Zachary W Patinkin, Allison L B Shapiro, Becky A de la Houssaye, Rachel C Janssen, Lauren A Vanderlinden, Dana Dabelea, Jacob E Friedman
The intrauterine period is a critical time wherein developmental exposure can influence risk for chronic disease including childhood obesity. Using umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (uMSC) from offspring born to normal-weight and obese mothers, we tested the hypothesis that changes in infant body composition over the first 5 months of life correspond with differences in cellular metabolism and transcriptomic profiles at birth. Higher long-chain acylcarnitine concentrations, lipid transport gene expression, and indicators of oxidative stress in uMSC-adipocytes were related to higher adiposity at 5 months of age...
December 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258621/maternal-restrictive-feeding-and-eating-in-the-absence-of-hunger-among-toddlers-a-cohort-study
#18
Katherine W Bauer, Jess Haines, Alison L Miller, Katherine Rosenblum, Danielle P Appugliese, Julie C Lumeng, Niko A Kaciroti
BACKGROUND: Restrictive feeding by parents has been associated with greater eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) among children, a risk factor for obesity. However, few studies have examined the association between restrictive feeding and EAH longitudinally, raising questions regarding the direction of associations between restrictive feeding and child EAH. Our objective was to examine the bidirectional prospective associations between restrictive feeding and EAH among toddlers. METHODS: Low-income mother-child dyads (n = 229) participated when children were 21, 27, and 33 months old...
December 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249647/associations-between-introduction-of-age-inappropriate-foods-and-early-eating-environments-in-low-socioeconomic-hispanic-infants
#19
Diana Cartagena, Jacqueline M McGrath, Ana Maria Linares
PURPOSE: To examine the associations between feeding practices and eating environments of low-socioeconomic Hispanic infants. METHODS: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a sample of 62 low-income immigrant Hispanic mothers and their infants (age range = 4-12 months). Measures of infant feeding practices (food groups and beverages consumption) and eating environment domains were included using the Infant Feeding Scale. RESULTS: TV exposure and allowing the infant to play with toys during meals significantly correlated with intake of energy-dense foods in 4- to 6-month-olds (p = ...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246654/proinflammatory-cytokines-in-early-childhood-caries-salivary-analysis-in-the-mother-children-pair
#20
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Crysthian de Jesus Borges Pachêco, Elizabeth Lima Costa, Lorena Lúcia Costa Ladeira, José Ferreira Costa, Rubenice Amaral da Silva, Cadidja Dayanne Sousa Carmo
HYPOTHESIS: Proinflammatory cytokines are increased in saliva of mother/children pairs with caries. DESIGN: Case-control study involving caries-free children (n = 20) and children with early childhood caries (ECC) (n = 20), and their mothers (n = 40). The maternal variables analyzed were waist circumference (WC), decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) and sugar intake; and in the children were body mass index (BMI), def-t and sugar intake. Salivary levels of VEGF, IL-6 and TNF-α were analyzed of mother/children pairs...
December 12, 2017: Cytokine
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