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Mother and child health

Samine Khandan, Hedyeh Riazi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Malihe Nasiri, Ali Montazeri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation between adaptation to maternal role (AMR) and infant development. BACKGROUND: Maternal role is an important key in infant's care and development. Previous findings demonstrated an inconsistency in the effect of the mother's adaptation on each domain of infant's development. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 260 healthy mothers and healthy infants attending health centres affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran in 2016...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Jef L Leroy, Deanna Olney, Marie Ruel
Background: Food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (FA-MCHN) programs are widely used to address undernutrition, but little is known about their effectiveness in improving child linear growth. Objective: We assessed the impact of Burundi's Tubaramure FA-MCHN program on linear growth. The program targeted women and their children during the first 1000 d and included 1) food rations, 2) strengthening of health services and promotion of their use, and 3) behavior change communication (BCC)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Ryu Miura, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Sachiko Kobayashi, Shu-Li Wang, Chung-Hsing Chen, Kunio Miyake, Mayumi Ishizuka, Yusuke Iwasaki, Yoichi M Ito, Takeo Kubota, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) influences fetal development and later in life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cord blood DNA methylation changes associated with prenatal exposure to PFASs. METHODS: We assessed DNA methylation in cord blood samples from 190 mother-child pairs from the Sapporo cohort of the Hokkaido Study (discovery cohort) and from 37 mother-child pairs from the Taiwan Maternal and Infant Cohort Study (replication cohort) using the Illumina HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip...
March 12, 2018: Environment International
Nancy A Scott, Taryn Vian, Jeanette L Kaiser, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kaluba Mataka, Elizabeth G Henry, Godfrey Biemba, Mary Nambao, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends maternity waiting homes (MWH) as one intervention to improve maternal and newborn health. However, persistent structural, cultural and financial barriers in their design and implementation have resulted in mixed success in both their uptake and utilization. Guidance is needed on how to design a MWH intervention that is acceptable and sustainable. Using formative research and guided by a sustainability framework for health programs, we systematically collected data from key stakeholders and potential users in order to design a MWH intervention in Zambia that could overcome multi-dimensional barriers to accessing facility delivery, be acceptable to the community and be financially and operationally sustainable...
2018: PloS One
Emily J Gach, Ka I Ip, Arnold J Sameroff, Sheryl L Olson
Multiple environmental risk factors in early childhood predict a broad range of adverse developmental outcomes. However, most prior longitudinal research has not illuminated explanatory mechanisms. Our main goals were to examine predictive associations between cumulative ecological risk factors in early childhood and children's later externalizing problems and to determine whether these associations were explained by variations in parenting quality. Participants were 241 children (118 girls) at risk for school-age conduct problems and their parents and teachers...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Bernard Yeboah-Asiamah Asare, Joyce Veronica Preko, Diana Baafi, Bismark Dwumfour-Asare
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is important for child health and growth, but its practice is low in many developing countries. This study aimed at determining the breastfeeding practices and examining the sociodemographic characteristics that influence exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending child welfare clinic at Manhean, in the Tema East Sub-Meteropolitan area of Greater Accra region of Ghana. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed a structured questionnaire to collect data among 355 mothers of children aged 0-24 months selected through simple random sampling, attending a child welfare clinic from May to June, 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Shefaly Shorey, Cornelia Chee, Yap-Seng Chong, Esperanza Debby Ng, Ying Lau, Cindy-Lee Dennis
BACKGROUND: Multiple international agencies, including the World Health Organization and the International Monetary Fund, have emphasized the importance of maternal mental health for optimal child health and development. Adequate social support is vital for the most vulnerable to postpartum mood disorders. Hence, an urgent need for sustainable social support programs to aid mothers ease into their new parenting role exists. OBJECTIVE: This study protocol aims to examine the effectiveness of a technology-based peer support intervention program among mothers at risk for postnatal depression in the early postpartum period...
March 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Melissa H Bellin, Angelica Newsome, Cassie Lewis-Land, Joan Kub, Shawna S Mudd, Rachel Margolis, Arlene M Butz
INTRODUCTION: Low-income caregiver perspectives on asthma management are understudied but may illuminate strategies to improve care delivery and child outcomes. METHOD: Purposive sampling methods were used to recruit 15 caregivers of children with frequent asthma emergency department visits. Interviews explored how poverty and stress affect asthma management. Grounded theory coding techniques were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: Participants were the biological mother (100%) and were poor (75% had mean annual income ≤ $30,000)...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Raquel Maria Ramos, Vanessa Medeiros da Nóbrega, Leiliane Teixeira Bento Fernandes, Amanda Narciso Machado, Neusa Collet
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the maternal perception about the paternal care and to understand how this care Is made effective In practical actions in the care of the child/adolescent with chronic disease in the family routine. METHODS: Exploratory-descriptive, qualitative study, carried out at the pediatric outpatient clinic of a public hospital in the state of Paraíba, between November/2013 and April/2014, with 10 mothers whose children had more than six months of diagnosis...
March 12, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Francelena de Sousa Silva, Yonna Costa Barbosa, Mônica Araújo Batalha, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Maria Dos Remédios Freitas Carvalho Branco, Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Waleska Regina Machado Araújo, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
This study estimated the percentages of incomplete immunization with new vaccines and old vaccines and associated factors in children 13 to 35 months of age belonging to a birth cohort in São Luís, the capital of Maranhão State, Brazil. The sample was probabilistic, with 3,076 children born in 2010. Information on vaccination was obtained from the Child's Health Card. The new vaccines, namely those introduced in 2010, were meningococcal C and 10-valent pneumococcal, and the old vaccines, or those already on the childhood immunization schedule, were BCG, hepatitis B, human rotavirus, polio, tetravalent (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae b), yellow fever, and triple viral (measles, mumps, rubella)...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Julia F Litzky, Maya A Deyssenroth, Todd M Everson, Barry M Lester, Luca Lambertini, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
BACKGROUND: Depression and/or anxiety during pregnancy have been associated with impaired fetal growth and neurodevelopmental. Because placental imprinted genes play a central role in fetal development and respond to environmental stressors, we hypothesized that imprinted gene expression would be affected by prenatal depression and anxiety. METHODS: Placental gene expression was compared between mothers with prenatal depression and/or anxiety/obsessive compulsive disorder/panic and control mothers without psychiatric history (n=458) in the Rhode Island Child Health Study...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Sukanya Srinivasan, Lisa Schlar, Stephanie E Rosener, Daniel J Frayne, Scott G Hartman, Michael A Horst, Jessica L Brubach, Stephen Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth, birth defects, and unintended pregnancy are major sources of infant and maternal morbidity, mortality, and associated resource use in American health care. Interconception Care (ICC) is recommended as a strategy to improve birth outcomes by modifying maternal risks between pregnancies, but no established model currently exists. The Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network developed and implemented a unique approach to ICC by assessing mothers during their baby's well-child visits (WCVs) up to 24 months...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Frank Gabel, Hendrik Jürges, Kai E Kruk, Stefan Listl
BACKGROUND: Dental diseases are among the most frequent diseases globally and tooth loss imposes a substantial burden on peoples' quality of life. Non-experimental evidence suggests that individuals with more children have more missing teeth than individuals with fewer children, but until now there is no causal evidence for or against this. METHODS: Using a Two-Stage Least Squares (2SLS) instrumental variables approach and large-scale cross-sectional data from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (study sample: 34 843 non-institutionalised individuals aged 50+from 14 European countries and Israel study years: 2015), we investigated the causal relationship between the number of biological children and their parents' number of missing natural teeth...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Masashi Arakawa
OBJECTIVES: The present prebirth cohort study examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and behavioral problems in Japanese children aged 5 years. METHODS: Subjects were 1199 mother-child pairs. Dietary intake was assessed using a diet history questionnaire. Emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity problems, and peer problems were assessed using the Japanese parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Jeong-Ah Ahn, Sunhee Lee
Mothers of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) tend to be concerned about their child's normal life. The majority of these mothers tend to experience negative psychological problems. In this study, the adaptation process of mothers raising a child with complex CHD was investigated based on the sociocultural context of Korea. The data collection was conducted by in-depth interviews and theoretical sampling was performed until the data were saturated. The collected data were analyzed using continuous theoretical comparisons...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Satoshi Kanazawa, Nancy L Segal, David de Meza
STUDY QUESTION: Are there more same-sex (SS) than opposite-sex (OS) pairs among dizygotic twins? SUMMARY ANSWER: In violation of Weinberg's Differential Rule, there are significantly more SS than OS pairs among dizygotic twins in nationally representative samples both in the UK and the USA. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Since at least 1874, twin researchers have assumed that dizygotic twins were equally likely to be SS or OS (later formalized as Weinberg's Differential Rule)...
March 9, 2018: Human Reproduction
Erica Sood, Allison Karpyn, Abigail C Demianczyk, Jennie Ryan, Emily A Delaplane, Trent Neely, Aisha H Frazier, Anne E Kazak
OBJECTIVE: To inform pediatric critical care practice by examining how mothers and fathers experience the stress of caring for a young child with congenital heart disease and use hospital and community supports. DESIGN: Qualitative study of mothers and fathers of young children with congenital heart disease. SETTING: Tertiary care pediatric hospital in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. SUBJECTS: Thirty-four parents (20 mothers, 14 fathers) from diverse backgrounds whose child previously underwent cardiac surgery during infancy...
March 10, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Elva Jiménez-Hernández, Arturo Fajardo-Gutiérrez, Juan Carlos Núñez-Enriquez, Jorge Alfonso Martín-Trejo, Laura Eugenia Espinoza-Hernández, Janet Flores-Lujano, José Arellano-Galindo, Aurora Medina-Sanson, Rogelio Paredes-Aguilera, Laura Elizabeth Merino-Pasaye, Martha Margarita Velázquez-Aviña, José Refugio Torres-Nava, Rosa Martha Espinosa-Elizondo, Raquel Amador-Sánchez, Juan José Dosta-Herrera, Javier Anastacio Mondragón-García, Heriberto Valdés-Guzmán, Laura Mejía-Pérez, Gilberto Espinoza-Anrubio, María Minerva Paz-Bribiesca, Perla Salcedo-Lozada, Rodolfo Ángel Landa-García, Rosario Ramírez-Colorado, Luis Hernández-Mora, María Luisa Pérez-Saldivar, Marlene Santamaría-Ascencio, Anselmo López-Loyola, Arturo Hermilo Godoy-Esquivel, Luis Ramiro García-López, Alison Ireri Anguiano-Ávalos, Karina Mora-Rico, Alejandro Castañeda-Echevarría, Roberto Rodríguez-Jiménez, José Alberto Cibrian-Cruz, Karina Anastacia Solís-Labastida, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardos, Armando Martínez-Avalos, Luz Victoria Flores-Villegas, José Gabriel Peñaloza-González, Ana Itamar González-Ávila, Martha Beatriz Altamirano-García, Norma López-Santiago, Martin Sánchez-Ruiz, Roberto Rivera-Luna, Luis Rodolfo Rodríguez-Villalobos, Francisco Hernández-Pérez, Jaime Ángel Olvera-Durán, Luis Rey García-Cortés, Minerva Mata-Rocha, Omar Alejandro Sepúlveda-Robles, Cesar Raúl González-Bonilla, Vilma Carolina Bekker-Méndez, Silvia Jiménez-Morales, Haydee Rosas-Vargas, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré
In Mexico, due to the high rates of diabetes, overweight, and obesity, there has also been noted an increased newborn weight, which may be contributing to the elevated incidence rate of childhood acute leukemia (AL). We conducted a case-control study in public hospitals of Mexico City aimed to know whether a greater weight at birth is associated with a higher risk of developing leukemia. We included incident cases with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosed between 2010 and 2015...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Hoyce Amini Mshida, Neema Kassim, Emmanuel Mpolya, Martin Kimanya
Undernutrition among under-five children is a public health concern in developing countries and has been linked with poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices. This study aimed at assessing WASH practices and its association with nutritional status of under-five children in semi-pastoral communities of Arusha. The study was cross-sectional in design. Mother-child pairs from 310 households in four villages of Monduli and Longido were involved. Weight and height of children were measured using weighing scale and length/height board, respectively...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Paulo Arnaldo, Eduard Rovira-Vallbona, Jerónimo S Langa, Crizolgo Salvador, Pieter Guetens, Driss Chiheb, Bernardete Xavier, Luc Kestens, Sónia M Enosse, Anna Rosanas-Urgell
BACKGROUND: Malaria in pregnancy leads to serious adverse effects on the mother and the child and accounts for 75,000-200,000 infant deaths every year. Currently, the World Health Organization recommends intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) at each scheduled antenatal care (ANC) visit. This study aimed to assess IPTp-SP coverage in mothers delivering in health facilities and at the community. In addition, factors associated with low IPTp-SP uptake and malaria adverse outcomes in pregnancy were investigated...
March 12, 2018: Malaria Journal
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