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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777898/a-survey-of-health-professionals-views-on-acceptable-gestational-age-and-termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-anomaly
#1
Lisa Crowe, Ruth H Graham, Stephen C Robson, Judith Rankin
Termination of pregnancy for fetal anomaly is legal in the UK with no upper limit, if two doctors, in good faith, agree "there is a substantial risk that if the child were born it would suffer from such physical or mental abnormalities as to be seriously handicapped". This is Clause E of the Human Fertlisation and Embryology Act. The most commonly sighted Clause is C, which states "the pregnancy has not exceeded its twenty-fourth week and that the continuance of the pregnancy would involve risk, greater than if the pregnancy were terminated, of injury to the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman"...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777517/spillover-effects-of-maternal-chronic-disease-on-children-s-quality-of-life-and-behaviors-among-low-income-families
#2
Vivian Y W Guo, Carlos K H Wong, Rosa S M Wong, Esther Y T Yu, Patrick Ip, Cindy L K Lam
BACKGROUND: Mothers with chronic diseases may have spillover effects on their children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the spillover effects of mothers with chronic disease on their children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and behavior. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 255 mother-child pairs (130 boys and 125 girls, mean age 8.4 years) from low-income Chinese families. We asked the mothers to self-report any doctor-diagnosed chronic diseases, and evaluate their children's HRQOL and behaviors with the Child Health Questionnaire-Parent Form-50 (CHQ-PF50) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), respectively...
May 18, 2018: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777470/prevalence-of-depression-among-caregivers-of-indian-children-with-cystic-fibrosis
#3
Javeed Iqbal Bhat, Wasim Ahmad Wani, Bashir A Charoo, Syed Wajid Ali, Qazi Iqbal Ahmad, Ambreen Ali Ahangar
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of depression among caregivers of children with cystic fibrosis and its impact on the health and well being of these children. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital from September 2015 through August 2016. Forty one parents of children receiving treatment at the Cystic fibrosis (CF) clinic were approached to be part of the study. Six families declined the request resulting in 85% recruitment rate...
May 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776899/increasing-physical-activity-in-mothers-using-video-exercise-groups-and-exercise-mobile-apps-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Maya Nina Mascarenhas, June Maylin Chan, Eric Vittinghoff, Erin Lynn Van Blarigan, Frederick Hecht
BACKGROUND: Women significantly decrease their activity levels in the transition to motherhood. Digital health technologies are low cost, scalable, and can provide an effective delivery mechanism for behavior change. This is the first study that examines the use of videoconferencing and mobile apps to create exercise groups for mothers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to test the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of an individually adaptive and socially supportive physical activity intervention incorporating videoconferencing and mobile apps for mothers...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776800/risk-of-emergency-hospital-admission-in-children-associated-with-mental-disorders-and-alcohol-misuse-in-the-household-an-electronic-birth-cohort-study
#5
Shantini Paranjothy, Annette Evans, Amrita Bandyopadhyay, David Fone, Behnaz Schofield, Ann John, Mark A Bellis, Ronan A Lyons, Daniel Farewell, Sara Jayne Long
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders and alcohol misuse are common in families but their effects on the physical health of children are not known. We investigated the risk of emergency hospital admissions during childhood associated with living with an adult who has a mental health disorder, or who had an alcohol-related hospital admission. METHODS: We did this cohort study in a total population electronic child cohort in Wales, UK, which includes all children who live in Wales or with a mother who is resident in Wales...
May 15, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775467/interactions-among-poverty-gender-and-health-systems-affect-women-s-participation-in-services-to-prevent-hiv-transmission-from-mother-to-child-a-causal-loop-analysis
#6
Jennifer Yourkavitch, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Valerie L Flax, Elialilia S Okello, John Kadzandira, Anne Ruhweza Katahoire, Alister C Munthali, James C Thomas
Retention in care remains an important issue for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs according to WHO guidelines, formerly called the "Option B+" approach. The objective of this study was to examine how poverty, gender, and health system factors interact to influence women's participation in PMTCT services. We used qualitative research, literature, and hypothesized variable connections to diagram causes and effects in causal loop models. We found that many factors, including antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, service design and quality, stigma, disclosure, spouse/partner influence, decision-making autonomy, and knowledge about PMTCT, influence psychosocial health, which in turn affects women's participation in PMTCT services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774270/lack-of-association-between-receiving-art-treatment-and-parental-psychological-distress-during-pregnancy-preliminary-findings-of-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#7
Kouichi Yoshimasu, Akiko Sato, Naoko Miyauchi, Kanami Tsuno, Hidekazu Nishigori, Kunihiko Nakai, Takahiro Arima
In a nationwide population-based birth cohort study in Japan, pregnant women and their partners were evaluated for psychological distress as part of the first and second/third trimester health checks. Participants were divided into three groups: an infertility group receiving assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment (239 mothers and 151 fathers); an infertility group receiving non-ART treatment (350 mothers and 215 fathers); and a spontaneous pregnancy group (8514 mothers and 5110 fathers). Data on maternal and child health as well as basic characteristics were collected via medical records and self-administered questionnaires...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773406/dynamics-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection-in-infants-during-the-first-six-months-of-life
#8
José S Merino, Liliana Araneda, Paulina Lincoñir-Campos, Cristian Parra, Katia Sáez, Apolinaria García
INTRODUCTION: Mainly due to the high percentage of infection and the ineffectiveness of treatments, Helicobacter pylori is a global health problem. Knowing the age at acquisition is key to preventing the infection. PATIENTS: Sixty-seven mothers and their respective children participated. To evaluate the presence of H. pylori, the faeces of the mother and her child were analysed using the HpSA antigen test. RESULTS: 71.6% (48/67) of pregnant mothers were positive for H...
May 14, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770998/maternal-depressive-symptoms-are-negatively-associated-with-child-growth-and-development-evidence-from-rural-india
#9
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Jed Friedman, Mohini Kak, Purnima Menon, Harold Alderman
Maternal depression has been suggested as a risk factor for both poor child growth and development in many low- and middle-income countries, but the validity of many studies is hindered by small sample sizes, varying cut-offs used in depression diagnostics, and incomplete control of confounding factors. This study examines the association between maternal depressive symptoms (MDSs) and child physical growth and cognitive development in Madhya Pradesh, India, where poverty, malnutrition, and poor mental health coexist...
May 17, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#10
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770451/pregnancy-parity-and-periodontal-disease
#11
REVIEW
Emma L Morelli, Jonathan M Broadbent, Jonathan W Leichter, W Murray Thomson
The belief that a woman's dental health is likely to deteriorate through having children remains common and may originate from the old wives' tale "a tooth per child". As recently as 2005, about 1 in 5 US mothers believed this.1 Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between parity (the number of times a women has given birth) and tooth loss,2-5 and parity and periodontal attachment loss,6 but none has determined whether this association is causal. A number of studies have reported greater severity and extent of gingival inflammation during pregnancy...
May 16, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769047/uptake-of-skilled-attendance-along-the-continuum-of-care-in-rural-western-kenya-selected-analysis-from-global-health-initiative-survey-2012
#12
Winfred Mwangi, Onesmus Gachuno, Meghna Desai, David Obor, Vincent Were, Frank Odhiambo, Amek Nyaguara, Kayla F Laserson
BACKGROUND: Examining skilled attendance throughout pregnancy, delivery and immediate postnatal period is proxy indicator on the progress towards reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality in developing countries. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional baseline survey of households of mothers with at least 1 child under-5 years in 2012 within the KEMRI/CDC health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS) area in rural western Kenya. RESULTS: Out of 8260 mother-child pairs, data on antenatal care (ANC) in the most recent pregnancy was obtained for 89% (n = 8260); 97% (n = 7387) reported attendance...
May 16, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769034/demand-side-determinants-of-timely-vaccination-of-oral-polio-vaccine-in-social-mobilization-network-areas-of-core-group-polio-project-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#13
Manojkumar Choudhary, Roma Solomon, Jitendra Awale, Rina Dey
BACKGROUND: Children who receive all doses of scheduled vaccines reduce their susceptibility to vaccine-preventable diseases. In India, full immunization coverage has increased significantly. However, only a small proportion of children are immunized on time. Globally, studies on factors affecting coverage of childhood immunization have found a significant impact by demand and supply-side determinants. This paper explores the demand-side determinants of timely immunization of the third dose of oral polio vaccine (OPV3) among children aged 6-11 months in the catchment areas of CORE Group Polio Project India...
May 16, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768616/associating-socioeconomic-position-and-maternal-depression-with-the-health-of-children-an-evaluation-of-the-2008-brazilian-household-survey
#14
Pedro Henrique Soares Leivas, Cesar Augusto Oviedo Tejada, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Anderson Moreira Aristides Dos Santos, Paulo de Andrade Jacinto
The study analyzed the association between socioeconomic position (income), maternal depression and the health of children in Brazil, using information from the 2008 National Household Survey (PNAD/IBGE). The analysis considered the sampling design for the research and included 46,874 individuals up to the age of nine. The Poisson models were estimated for three health outcomes for children: health as reported by the parents or the responsible person, restrictions on habitual activities for health reasons and periods when they were confined to bed two weeks before the interviews in the study...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767906/use-of-crack-in-pregnancy-repercussions-for-the-newborn
#15
Daiani Modernel Xavier, Giovana Calcagno Gomes, Juliane Portella Ribeiro, Marina Soares Mota, Simone Quadros Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To know the effects for the newborn of the use of crack in pregnancy. METHODS: This is a qualitative study conducted in a university hospital in southern Brazil, in the first half of 2014. Fifteen mothers crack users and five grandparents participated. The data were produced through semi-structured interviews and later submitted to content analysis. RESULTS: It was found that the use of crack in pregnancy leads to repercussions related to the health of the newborn and repercussions related to family restructuring...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767745/preconception-maternal-iodine-status-is-positively-associated-with-iq-but-not-with-measures-of-executive-function-in-childhood
#16
Sian M Robinson, Sarah R Crozier, Elizabeth A Miles, Catharine R Gale, Philip C Calder, Cyrus Cooper, Hazel M Inskip, Keith M Godfrey
Background: Adverse effects of severe maternal iodine deficiency in pregnancy on fetal brain development are well-established, but the effects of milder deficiency are uncertain. Most studies examine iodine status in pregnancy; less is known about iodine nutrition before conception. Objective: We examined relations between maternal preconception iodine status and offspring cognitive function, within a prospective mother-offspring cohort. Methods: Maternal iodine status was assessed through the use of the ratio of iodine:creatinine concentrations (I/Cr) in spot urine samples [median (IQR) period before conception 3...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766470/perinatal-depression-prevention-through-home-visitation-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-mothers-and-babies-1-on-1
#17
S Darius Tandon, Erin A Ward, Jaime L Hamil, Cindy Jimenez, Mya Carter
Postpartum depression is highly prevalent in low-income women and has significant health effects on mother and child. This pilot study tested the effectiveness of the newly adapted Mothers and Babies (MB) 1-on-1 intervention. A cluster randomized trial was conducted with 8 programs using trained home visitors to deliver MB 1-on-1 and 6 delivering usual home visiting. One hundred twenty pregnant women not experiencing major depression were enrolled. Outcomes were assessed at baseline and 3- and 6-months postpartum...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764385/a-qualitative-study-about-the-gendered-experiences-of-motherhood-and-perinatal-mortality-in-mountain-villages-of-nepal-implications-for-improving-perinatal-survival
#18
Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Gouranga Dasvarma, Lareen Newman
BACKGROUND: We aim to examine the gendered contexts of poor perinatal survival in the remote mountain villages of Nepal. The study setting comprised two remote mountain villages from a mid-western mountain district of Nepal that ranks lowest on the Human Development Index (0.304), and is reported as having the lowest child survival rates in the country. METHODS: The findings are taken from a larger study of perinatal survival in remote mountain villages of Nepal, conducted through a qualitative methodological approach within a framework of social constructionist and critical theoretical perspectives...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762532/pregnancy-trimester-specific-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-child-respiratory-health-outcomes-in-the-first-2-years-of-life-effect-modification-by-maternal-pre-pregnancy-bmi
#19
Shu-E Soh, Anne Goh, Oon Hoe Teoh, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Yap-Seng Chong
Prenatal exposure to air pollution is associated with childhood respiratory health; however, no previous studies have examined maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) as a potential effect modifier. We investigated whether maternal pre-pregnancy BMI modified the association of trimester-specific air pollution divided into quartiles of exposure (Q1⁻4) on respiratory health in the Growing Up in Singapore towards healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) study ( n = 953) in 2-year-old children. For episodes of wheezing, children of overweight/obese mothers and who were exposed to particulate matter less than 2...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757789/sociocultural-factors-influencing-infant-feeding-choices-among-african-immigrant-women-living-with-hiv-a-synthesis-of-the-literature
#20
Josephine Etowa, Shannan MacDonald, Jean Hannan, J Craig Phillips, Nana Yaa Boadu, Seye Babatunde
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The World Health Organizations (WHO) strategy is to eliminate pediatric HIV. HIV prevention guidelines in high-income countries recommend mothers living with HIV avoid breastfeeding. Yet, breastfeeding is promoted as the normal and unequalled method of feeding infants. This creates a paradox for mothers coming from cultures where breastfeeding is an expectation and formula feeding suggests illness. Therefore, the purpose of this literature review is to examine the context influencing infant feeding among African immigrant women living with HIV to develop interventions to reduce the risk of HIV mother-to-child transmission...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
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