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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318305/on-demand-driver-vigilance-enhancement-without-explicit-drowsiness-detection-further-analysis-of-the-pilot-study-results
#1
R Michael Van Auken, Brad K Hagoski, Dean P Chiang, Shane Chang
OBJECTIVE: A new active safety concept that engages the driver's psychosensory pain-processing mechanism to automatically trigger vigilance enhancement on-demand was proposed in Chang ( 2012 ). This concept is based on the hypothesis that a human's pain threshold will decline as he/she becomes drowsy, consequently triggering the vigilance enhancer. The objective of this pilot study was to develop methods to test this hypothesis, the results of which could lead to further refinement of the hypothesis and methods, with the ultimate goal of developing new active safety concepts that exploit the driver's endogenous psychosensory pain-processing mechanisms...
March 20, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294069/wallet-neuritis-an-example-of-peripheral-sensitization
#2
Md Abu Bakar Siddiq, Israt Jahan, Sam Masihuzzaman
BACKGROUND: Wallet neuritis is an example of extra-spinal tunnel neuropathy concerning sciatic nerve. Its clinical appearance often gets confused with sciatica of lumbar spine origin. Wallet-induced chronic sciatic nerve constriction produces gluteal and ipsilateral lower extremity pain, tingling, and burning sensation. It was Lutz, first describing credit-card wallet sciatica in an Attorney, surfaced on Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), 1978; however, the condition has not been well-studied in various other occupations...
March 9, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284239/integrating-self-localization-proprioception-pain-and-performance
#3
Valeria Bellan, Sarah B Wallwork, Alberto Gallace, Charles Spence, G Lorimer Moseley
The ability to know where our own body and body parts are in space is often taken for granted, yet it is of fundamental importance for the majority of our everyday activities, let alone high performance activities such as dancing. This review focuses on the concept of self-localization, the monitoring of the space surrounding one's body, and the disruptions that occur in the presence of pain. A conceptual model is presented of the cortical body matrix with which to consider self-localization; also provided are its historical context, underlying assumptions, and current limitations...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243537/using-visuo-kinetic-virtual-reality-to-induce-illusory-spinal-movement-the-moovi-illusion
#4
Daniel S Harvie, Ross T Smith, Estin V Hunter, Miles G Davis, Michele Sterling, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Illusions that alter perception of the body provide novel opportunities to target brain-based contributions to problems such as persistent pain. One example of this, mirror therapy, uses vision to augment perceived movement of a painful limb to treat pain. Since mirrors can't be used to induce augmented neck or other spinal movement, we aimed to test whether such an illusion could be achieved using virtual reality, in advance of testing its potential therapeutic benefit. We hypothesised that perceived head rotation would depend on visually suggested movement...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230460/meditation-and-hypnosis-two-sides-of-the-same-coin
#5
Enrico Facco
Hypnosis and meditation, as a whole, form a heterogeneous complex of psychosomatic techniques able to control mind and body regulation. Hypnosis has been pragmatically used for limited therapeutic targets, while Eastern meditation has much wider philosophical and existential implications, aiming for a radical liberation from all illusions, attachments, suffering and pain. The available data on the history, phenomenology, and neuropsychology of hypnosis and meditation show several common features, such as the following: (a) induction based on focused attention; (b) capability to reach an intentional control of both biologic-somatic activities and conscious-unconscious processes;...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222382/corporeal-illusions-in-chronic-spinal-cord-injuries
#6
Michele Scandola, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Renato Avesani, Gianettore Bertagnoni, Anna Marangoni, Valentina Moro
While several studies have investigated corporeal illusions in patients who have suffered from a stroke or undergone an amputation, only anecdotal or single case reports have explored this phenomenon after spinal cord injury. Here we examine various different types of bodily misperceptions in a comparatively large group of 49 people with spinal cord injury in the post-acute and chronic phases after the traumatic lesion onset. An extensive battery of questionnaires concerning a variety of body related feelings was administered and the results were correlated to the main clinical variables...
March 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108385/seeing-an-embodied-virtual-hand-is-analgesic-contingent-on-co-location
#7
Birgit Nierula, Matteo Martini, Marta Matamala-Gomez, Mel Slater, Maria V Sanchez-Vives
Seeing one's own body has been reported to have analgesic properties. Analgesia has also been described when seeing an embodied virtual body co-located with the real one. However, there is a controversy regarding whether this effect holds true when seeing an illusory-owned body part, such as during the rubber-hand illusion. A critical difference between these paradigms is the distance between real and surrogate body part. Co-location of real arm and surrogate is possible in an immersive virtual environment, but not during illusory ownership of a rubber arm...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074671/effect-of-illusory-kinesthesia-on-hand-function-in-patients-with-distal-radius-fractures-a-quasi-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Ryota Imai, Michihiro Osumi, Tomoya Ishigaki, Shu Morioka
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of the illusion of motion through tendon vibration on hand function in patients with distal radius fractures. SETTING: Kawachi General Hospital, Japan. SUBJECTS: A total of 22 patients with distal radius fractures were divided into either an illusory kinesthesia group ( n = 11) or a control group ( n = 11). INTERVENTION: We performed the intervention for seven consecutive days after surgery...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008258/incidence-risk-factors-and-phenomenological-characteristics-of-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-receiving-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Yao Tsung Lin, Kuo Mao Lan, Li-Kai Wang, Chin-Chen Chu, Su-Zhen Wu, Chia-Yu Chang, Jen-Yin Chen
BACKGROUND: Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) is a common method of relieving pain which is a risk factor of postoperative delirium (POD). However, research concerning POD in IVPCA patients is limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors, and phenomenological characteristics of POD in patients receiving IVPCA. METHODS: A prospective, cohort study was conducted in post-general anesthesia IVPCA patients aged ≥60 years...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862179/the-use-of-a-battery-of-pain-models-to-detect-analgesic-properties-of-compounds-a-two-part-four-way-crossover-study
#10
Pieter Okkerse, Guido van Amerongen, Marieke L de Kam, Jasper Stevens, Richard P Butt, Rachel Gurrell, Albert Dahan, Joop M van Gerven, Justin L Hay, Geert Jan Groeneveld
AIM: The aim was to investigate the ability of a battery of pain models to detect analgesic properties of commonly used analgesics in healthy subjects. METHODS: The battery consisted of tests eliciting electrical, mechanical and thermal (contact heat and cold pressor)-pain and included a UVB model, the thermal grill illusion and a paradigm of conditioned pain modulation. Subjects were administered fentanyl 3 μg kg(-1) , phenytoin 300 mg, (S)-ketamine 10 mg and placebo (part I), or imipramine 100 mg, pregabalin 300 mg, ibuprofen 600 mg and placebo (part II)...
May 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816764/valence-and-arousal-value-of-visual-stimuli-and-their-role-in-the-mitigation-of-chronic-pain-what-is-the-power-of-pictures
#11
Maryam Shaygan, Andreas Böger, Birgit Kröner-Herwig
The present study investigated the pain-reducing effects of various pictures in a sample of 88 patients receiving inpatient treatment for chronic pain. We investigated whether the pain-attenuating effects of the pictures were mediated by picture valence, arousal, or change in subjective social support. The study was carried out over 4 consecutive days. Patients were presented with photographs of loved ones, strangers, landscapes, or optical illusions via digital albums and were asked to rate their pain intensity and their sensory and affective experience of pain immediately before and after viewing the pictures...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742754/obsessionality-modulating-the-encounter-with-emotional-truth-and-the-aesthetic-object
#12
Avner Bergstein
Experiences with autistic and primitive mental states have significant implications for our understanding of obsessionality. Consequently, obsessionality is seen as an attempt at a massive simplification of experience, in order to deal with the pain inherent in the encounter with intense emotional experience and with the separateness of an enigmatic object that eludes one's omnipotent control. Moreover, early loss and a precocious awareness of separateness often play roles in the withdrawal to obsessional thinking and verbosity, and to an illusion of omnipotent control of the object...
October 14, 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676814/the-effects-of-mirror-therapy-on-pain-and-motor-control-of-phantom-limb-in-amputees-a-systematic-review
#13
Jessie Barbin, Vanessa Seetha, Jean-Marie Casillas, Jean Paysant, Dominic Perennou
OBJECTIVE: Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a major problem after limb amputation. Mirror therapy (MT) is a non-pharmacological treatment using representations of movement, the efficacy of which in reducing PLP remains to be clarified. Here, we present the first systematic review on MT efficacy in phantom limb pain (PLP) and phantom limb movement (PLM) in amputees (lower or upper limb). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: A search on MEDLINE, COCHRANE DATABASE and EMBASE, crossing the key words "phantom limb" and "mirror therapy" found studies which were read and analyzed according the PRISMA statement...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609074/-unavoidable-satisfactions-the-analyst-s-pleasure
#14
Michael Shulman
Analysts have often described their work as depriving, painful, and hard to endure, while its pleasures have been the subject of little commentary. The real history and ongoing temptations of boundary violation long ago made the gratifications of psychoanalytic work a matter of anxiety. Analysts' pleasure in their work was problematized. Some of this problematizing is necessary because of real risk, but much of it is not only unnecessary but misleading and destructive. Psychoanalysts pursue achievement of a unique form of human intimacy, yet acquired habits of professional modesty and humility have encouraged the illusion that analyzing can occur without desire or ambition on the analyst's part...
August 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509229/putting-pain-out-of-mind-with-an-out-of-body-illusion
#15
J Pamment, J E Aspell
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a growing societal concern that warrants scientific investigation, especially given the ineffectiveness of many treatments. Given evidence that pain experience relies on multisensory integration, there is interest in using body ownership illusions for reducing acute pain. AIM: In the present study, we investigate whether patients' experience of chronic pain could be reduced by full body illusions (FBIs) that cause participants to dissociate from their own body...
February 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27424780/humans-but-not-animals-perceive-the-thermal-grill-illusion-as-painful
#16
Michael K Boettger, Günter Ditze, Karl-Juergen Bär, Eva Maria Krüdewagen, Hans-Georg Schaible
Simultaneous presentation of alternating innocuous warm and cold stimuli induces in most humans a painful sensation called thermal grill illusion (TGI). Here, pain is elicited although nociceptors are not activated. Upon back-translation of behavioural correlates from humans to animals, we found that neither cats nor rodents show adverse reactions when exposed to TGI stimulation. These results question that a TGI observed as a pain-related change in behaviour can be elicited in animals. While distinct neuronal patterns as previously reported may be measurable in animals upon TGI stimulation, their translational meaning towards the sensation elicited in humans is unclear...
October 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295559/real-rubber-or-virtual-the-vision-of-one-s-own-body-as-a-means-for-pain-modulation-a-narrative-review
#17
REVIEW
Matteo Martini
In the last few years a branch of pain research has been focussing on the modulatory effects of the vision of the body on pain perception. So, for instance, the vision of one's own real body has been proven to induce analgesic effects. On the other hand, bodily illusions such as the rubber hand illusion have provided new tools for the study of perceptual processes during altered body ownership states. Recently, new paradigms of body ownership made use of a technology that is going places both in clinical and in experimental settings, i...
July 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256539/the-effects-of-mirror-therapy-on-pain-and-motor-control-of-phantom-limb-in-amputees-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
J Barbin, V Seetha, J M Casillas, J Paysant, D Pérennou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Phantom limb pain (PLP) is a major problem after limb amputation. Mirror therapy (MT) is a non-pharmacological treatment using representations of movement, the efficacy of which in reducing PLP remains to be clarified. Here, we present the first systematic review on MT efficacy in PLP and phantom limb movement (PLM) in amputees (lower or upper limb). METHODS: A search on Medline, Cochrane Database and Embase, crossing the keywords "Phantom Limb" and "Mirror Therapy" found studies which were read and analyzed according the PRISMA statement...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132764/-some-drops-of-logic-in-the-fog-of-depression
#19
Pierre-Henri Castel
From two semi-popularised, but scientifically correct, texts, that provide a typical look of academic awareness of depressive phenomena, an attempt will be made to show what spontaneous medical naturalism involves, including the moral aspect of mental symptoms. The concept of moral from its common use that circles around the social and relational rules that make up the fabric of civilisation. This medical naturalism disqualifies, as an epiphenomenon, this fact: the intentional dimension of psychic facts, but also cases where the intention contained in a state of mind counts as intended, i...
April 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132758/-experiences-of-individuals-with-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts
#20
Eduardo Rendón-Quintero, Rodolfo Rodríguez-Gómez
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health problem. It covers about half of violent deaths and results in approximately one million deaths annually. Although completed suicide rates in Colombia are relatively low when compared with other countries, suicidal behavior, represented not only by completed suicide, is a significant mental health problem. OBJECTIVE: To understand life experiences of a group of subjects related to the phenomenon of ideation and suicide attempt...
April 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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