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Terrie Vann-Ward, Janice M Morse, Kathy Charmaz
The purpose of this constructivist grounded theory article is to identify, explore, and theorize the social and psychological processes used by people with Parkinson disease. Analytic procedures generated the five-stage theory of Preserving self of people with Parkinson disease: (a) making sense of symptoms, (b) defining turning points, (c) experiencing identity dilemmas, (d) reconnecting the self, and (e) envisioning a future. Reminders of former selves and capabilities were painful; participants desperately sought normalcy...
June 2017: Qualitative Health Research
Alison M Morse, Kaitlyn R Calabro, Justin M Fear, David C Bloom, Lauren M McIntyre
High-throughput sequencing (HTS) has resulted in data for a number of herpes simplex virus (HSV) laboratory strains and clinical isolates. The knowledge of these sequences has been critical for investigating viral pathogenicity. However, the assembly of complete herpesviral genomes, including HSV, is complicated due to the existence of large repeat regions and arrays of smaller reiterated sequences that are commonly found in these genomes. In addition, the inherent genetic variation in populations of isolates for viruses and other microorganisms presents an additional challenge to many existing HTS sequence assembly pipelines...
August 16, 2017: Viruses
Peter M Groffman, Meghan Avolio, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Neil D Bettez, J Morgan Grove, Sharon J Hall, Sarah E Hobbie, Kelli L Larson, Susannah B Lerman, Dexter H Locke, James B Heffernan, Jennifer L Morse, Christopher Neill, Kristen C Nelson, Jarlath O'Neil-Dunne, Diane E Pataki, Colin Polsky, Rinku Roy Chowdhury, Tara L E Trammell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
D Weaire, R Höhler, S Hutzler
Following the general approach of Morse and Witten for the deformation of a bubble in contact with neighbouring bubbles, we develop a model for contacting bubbles in two dimensions which can be solved analytically. The force-displacement relations are derived by elementary methods; unlike the case of 3d, no logarithmic factors arise in two dimensions. We also discuss the case of a uniform compression of a symmetric foam structure; the (osmotic) compressibility depends on the number of contacts, as was shown in earlier work by Lacasse et al...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Jason J Sorensen, Thomas D Persinger, Andrew Sevy, Jordan A Franchina, Eric L Johnson, Michael D Morse
Predissociation thresholds have been observed in the resonant two-photon ionization spectra of TiSe, ZrSe, HfSe, VSe, NbSe, and TaSe. It is argued that the sharp onset of predissociation corresponds to the bond dissociation energy in each of these molecules due to their high density of states as the ground separated atom limit is approached. The bond dissociation energies obtained are D0(TiSe) = 3.998(6) eV, D0(ZrSe) = 4.902(3) eV, D0(HfSe) = 5.154(4) eV, D0(VSe) = 3.884(3) eV, D0(NbSe) = 4.834(3) eV, and D0(TaSe) = 4...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Lara Schlaffke, Alexander Leemans, Lauren M Schweizer, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Tobias Schmidt-Wilcke
Learning relies on neuroplasticity, which has mainly been studied in gray matter (GM). However, there is mounting evidence indicating a critical role of white matter changes involved in learning processes. One of the most important learning processes in human development is language acquisition. However, due to the length of this learning process, it has been notoriously difficult to investigate the underlying neuroplastic changes. Here, we report a novel learning paradigm to assess the role of white matter plasticity for language acquisition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Patricia Mitiko Asanuma Hirayama, Lauren Oliveira Lima Bohner, Juliana Marotti, Washington Steagall, Dalva Cruz Laganá, Pedro Tortamano
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of blasting and bonding on abutment surface to prevent screw loosening in Morse taper connections. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight Morse taper connection implants were divided into 4 groups: no treatment (G1), blasting (G2), bonding (G3), and blasting + bonding (G4). In groups G2 and G4, the abutments were blasted with aluminum oxide granules; in groups G3 and G4, the conical abutment region was covered with a thin layer of bond thread lock agent...
August 8, 2017: Implant Dentistry
Nathalia de Araújo Sarges, Maria Izabel Penha de Oliveira Santos, Emanuele Cordeiro Chaves
Objective: To evaluate the safety of hospitalized older adults as for the risk of falls according to the parameters of the Morse Fall Scale. Method: Epidemiological, cross-sectional, prospective and descriptive study with n=75. Results: Average age of 71.3 years (SD±8.2); 58.7% male; 44% with low educational level; 38.7% hospitalized for cardiovascular diseases; average hospitalization of 10 days (SD±9.38); 78.7% with comorbidities; 61.3% with the calf circumference ≥ 31 cm; 62...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni, Andrew P Morse, Cyril Caminade, Suryanaryana Murty Upadhyayula
For the past ten years, the number of dengue cases has gradually increased in India. Dengue is driven by complex interactions among host, vector and virus that are influenced by climatic factors. In the present study, we focused on the extrinsic incubation period (EIP) and its variability in different climatic zones of India. The EIP was calculated by using daily and monthly mean temperatures for the states of Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Kerala. Among the studied states, a faster/low EIP in Kerala (8-15 days at 30...
August 9, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
Kevin J Morse, Rohan J S Abraham, Adam DeAbreu, Camille Bowness, Timothy S Richards, Helge Riemann, Nikolay V Abrosimov, Peter Becker, Hans-Joachim Pohl, Michael L W Thewalt, Stephanie Simmons
Donor spins in silicon are highly competitive qubits for upcoming quantum technologies, offering complementary metal-oxide semiconductor compatibility, coherence (T2) times of minutes to hours, and simultaneous initialization, manipulation, and readout fidelities near ~99.9%. This allows for many quantum error correction protocols, which will be essential for scale-up. However, a proven method of reliably coupling spatially separated donor qubits has yet to be identified. We present a scalable silicon-based platform using the unique optical properties of "deep" chalcogen donors...
July 2017: Science Advances
Yang Liu, Jiawei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To review the influences and clinical implications of micro-gap and micro-motion of implant-abutment interface on marginal bone loss around the neck of implant. DESIGN: Literatures were searched based on the following Keywords: implant-abutment interface/implant-abutment connection/implant-abutment conjunction, microgap, micromotion/micromovement, microleakage, and current control methods available. The papers were then screened through titles, abstracts, and full texts...
July 29, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Nicholas J Morse, Madan R Gopal, James M Wagner, Hal S Alper
The design of improved synthetic parts is a major goal of synthetic biology. Mechanistically, nucleosome occupancy in the 3' terminator region of a gene has been found to correlate with transcriptional expression. Here, we seek to establish a predictive relationship between terminator function and predicted nucleosome positioning to design synthetic terminators in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In doing so, terminators improved net protein output from these expression cassettes nearly 4-fold over their original sequence with observed increases in termination efficiency to 96%...
August 17, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
K Marie McIntyre, Christian Setzkorn, Philip J Hepworth, Serge Morand, Andrew P Morse, Matthew Baylis
Climate change is expected to threaten human health and well-being via its effects on climate-sensitive infectious diseases, potentially changing their spatial distributions, affecting annual/seasonal cycles, or altering disease incidence and severity. Climate sensitivity of pathogens is a key indicator that diseases might respond to climate change, but the proportion of pathogens that is climate-sensitive, and their characteristics, are not known. The climate sensitivity of European human and domestic animal infectious pathogens, and the characteristics associated with sensitivity, were assessed systematically in terms of selection of pathogens and choice of literature reviewed...
August 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yaw-Wen Chang, Ying-Hsue Chang, Yu-Ling Pan, Tung-Wei Kao, Senyeong Kao
A comprehensive fall risk assessment can provide information for effective prevention and intervention measures and reduce falls among hospitalized elderly people. The purpose of this study was to develop a Chinese version of an inpatient fall risk assessment tool and evaluate its validity and reliability.This study employed the Falls Risk for Hospitalised Older People (FRHOP) assessment to construct a FRHOP-Taiwan Version (Tw-FRHOP) through forward, synthesized, and backward translation. A face validation was conducted by 5 clinical nurses and a content validation was conducted by 5 specialists using the content validity index (CVI) to validate the proposed model...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Alon Peltz, Margaret E Samuels-Kalow, Jonathan Rodean, Matthew Hall, Elizabeth R Alpern, Paul L Aronson, Jay G Berry, Kathy N Shaw, Rustin B Morse, Stephen B Freedman, Eyal Cohen, Harold K Simon, Samir S Shah, Yiannis Katsogridakis, Mark I Neuman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Some children repeatedly use the emergency department (ED) at high levels. Among Medicaid-insured children with high-frequency ED use in 1 year, we sought to describe the characteristics of children who sustain high-frequency ED use over the following 2 years. METHODS: Retrospective longitudinal cohort study of 470 449 Medicaid-insured children appearing in the MarketScan Medicaid database, aged 1-16 years, with ≥1 ED discharges in 2012...
August 1, 2017: Pediatrics
Jing-Min Liu, Yu Zhai, Hui Li
An effective six-dimensional ab initio potential energy surface (PES) for H2-OCS which explicitly includes the intramolecular stretch normal modes of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) is presented. The electronic structure computations are carried out using the explicitly correlated coupled cluster [CCSD(T)-F12] method with the augmented correlation-consistent aug-cc-pVTZ basis set, and the accuracy is critically tested by performing a series of benchmark calculations. Analytic four-dimensional PESs are obtained by least-squares fitting vibrationally averaged interaction energies to the Morse/long-range potential model...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Sunil Kumar Mishra, Ramesh Chowdhary, Shail Kumari
INTRODUCTION: Presence of gap at the implant-abutment interface, leads to microleakage and accumulation of bacteria which can affect the success of dental implants. AIM: To evaluate the sealing capability of different implant connections against microleakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In January 2017 an electronic search of literature was performed, in Medline, EBSCO host and Pubmed data base. The search was focused on ability of different implant connections in preventing microleakage...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jeffrey R Willis, Quan V Doan, Michelle Gleeson, Zdenka Haskova, Pradeep Ramulu, Lawrence Morse, Ronald A Cantrell
Importance: Among adults with diabetes in the United States, severe forms of diabetic retinopathy (DR) are significantly associated with a greater vision-related functional burden. Objective: To assess the functional burden of DR across severity levels in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study was based on 1004 participants 40 years or older with diabetes and valid ocular and sociodemographic outcomes in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANESs) (2005-2006 and 2007-2008)...
July 27, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
Fariba Saleh Saber, Nader Abolfazli, Soheil Jannatii Ataei, Mahsa Taghizade Motlagh, Vahede Gharekhani
Background. Since the misfit of crown has an important role in clinical performance of implant-supported prostheses, and due to the impact of the settling effect on misfit, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of torque forces on the total lengths of narrow and short implant abutments in different internal implant‒abutment connections. Methods. In four different implant‒abutment connections, 8 analog implants with a normal diameter (4 mm) and narrow abutment (4.5 mm) were selected from groups of internal hex, internal octagon, morse hex 6° and morse hex 11°...
2017: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Vivian Lewis, Camille A Martina, Michael P McDermott, Linda Chaudron, Paula M Trief, Jennifer G LaGuardia, Daryl Sharp, Steven R Goodman, Gene D Morse, Richard M Ryan
Mentors rarely receive education about the unique needs of underrepresented scholars in the biomedical and behavioral sciences. We hypothesized that mentor-training and peer-mentoring interventions for these scholars would enrich the perceived quality and breadth of discussions between mentor-protégé dyads (i.e., mentor-protégé pairs). Our multicenter, randomized study of 150 underrepresented scholar-mentor dyads compared: 1) mentor training, 2) protégé peer mentoring, 3) combined mentor training and peer mentoring, and 4) a control condition (i...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
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