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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166017/bond-dissociation-energies-of-tungsten-molecules-wc-wsi-ws-wse-and-wcl
#1
Andrew Sevy, Robert F Huffaker, Michael D Morse
Resonant two-photon ionization spectroscopy has been used to locate predissociation thresholds in WC, WSi, WS, WSe, and WCl, allowing bond dissociation energies to be measured for these species. Because of the high degree of vibronic congestion in the observed spectra, it is thought that the molecules dissociate as soon as the lowest separated atom limit is exceeded. From the observed predissociation thresholds, dissociation energies are assigned as D0(WC) = 5.289(8) eV, D0(WSi) = 3.103(10) eV, D0(WS) = 4.935(3) eV, D0(WSe) = 4...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162345/postacute-care-after-pediatric-hospitalizations-for-a-primary-mental-health-condition
#2
James C Gay, Bonnie T Zima, Tumaini R Coker, Stephanie K Doupnik, Matthew Hall, Jonathan Rodean, Margaret O'Neill, Rustin Morse, Kris P Rehm, Jay G Berry, Naomi S Bardach
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of US children hospitalized for a primary mental health condition who are discharged to postacute care (PAC); whether PAC discharge is associated with demographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics; and whether PAC use varies by state. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of a nationally representative sample of US acute care hospitalizations for children ages 2-20 years with a primary mental health diagnosis, using the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Databases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161982/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-speech-detection-in-the-presence-of-informational-and-energetic-masking
#3
Charlotte Morse-Fortier, Mary M Parrish, Jane A Baran, Richard L Freyman
Recent research has suggested that musicians have an advantage in some speech-in-noise paradigms, but not all. Whether musicians outperform nonmusicians on a given speech-in-noise task may well depend on the type of noise involved. To date, few groups have specifically studied the role that informational masking plays in the observation of a musician advantage. The current study investigated the effect of musicianship on listeners' ability to overcome informational versus energetic masking of speech. Monosyllabic words were presented in four conditions that created similar energetic masking but either high or low informational masking...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157766/safety-of-rolled-and-folded-cotton-blankets-warmed-in-130%C3%A2-f-and-200%C3%A2-f-cabinets
#4
Patricia A Kelly, Elizabeth C Morse, Joslin V Swanfeldt, Amy N Adams, Craig G Crandall, Debby A Rush, Mary L Krogh, Susan K Cooper
PURPOSE: In 2014, ECRI recommended that blanket warming cabinets be set at a maximum temperature of 130°F because of safety concerns with warmed rolled and folded blankets. We could find no research to support this recommendation. The purpose of this study was to measure skin temperatures and thermal comfort in healthy volunteers before and after application of folded and rolled dry cotton blankets warmed in 130°F or 200°F cabinets. DESIGN: Randomized, descriptive, and comparative study...
December 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156247/humor-doesn-t-retire-improvisation-as-a-health-promoting-intervention-for-older-adults
#5
Lucy A Morse, Linda Xiong, Vanessa Ramirez-Zohfeld, Seltzer Anne, Becca Barish, Lee A Lindquist
As our population ages and aging in place continues to remain a priority of older adults, identifying novel ways to promote the wellbeing of older adults and reduce isolation is of the utmost importance. The Second City is a Chicago-based comedy improvisation organization that provides training in improvisation. One of their training courses, Humor Doesn't Retire, specifically teaches adults 55 and over, on improvisation. This study sought to explore the experiences of older adults enrolled in Humor Doesn't Retire, and to characterize any benefits that older adult participants perceived following participation in the comedy improvisation course...
October 28, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155839/performance-of-thigh-mounted-triaxial-accelerometer-algorithms-in-objective-quantification-of-sedentary-behaviour-and-physical-activity-in-older-adults
#6
Jorgen A Wullems, Sabine M P Verschueren, Hans Degens, Christopher I Morse, Gladys L Onambélé
Accurate monitoring of sedentary behaviour and physical activity is key to investigate their exact role in healthy ageing. To date, accelerometers using cut-off point models are most preferred for this, however, machine learning seems a highly promising future alternative. Hence, the current study compared between cut-off point and machine learning algorithms, for optimal quantification of sedentary behaviour and physical activity intensities in the elderly. Thus, in a heterogeneous sample of forty participants (aged ≥60 years, 50% female) energy expenditure during laboratory-based activities (ranging from sedentary behaviour through to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity) was estimated by indirect calorimetry, whilst wearing triaxial thigh-mounted accelerometers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152876/refining-transcriptome-gene-catalogs-by-ms-validation-of-expressed-proteins
#7
Sirius P K Tse, Mathieu Beauchemin, David Morse, Samuel C L Lo
Protein sequence identification by tandem mass spectroscopy (LC-MS/MS) identifies thousands of protein sequences even in complex mixtures, and provides valuable insight into the biological functions of different cells. For non-model organisms, transcriptomes are generally used to allow peptide identification, an important addition to their use as a gene catalog allowing the potential metabolic activities of cells to be determined. Here, we used LC-MS/MS data to identify which of the six possible reading frames in the transcriptome was actually used by the cell to make protein, and asked whether this would have an impact on downstream analyses using the transcriptome...
November 19, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152427/dramatic-response-of-a-large-sacral-chordoma-to-intensity-modulated-proton-beam-therapy
#8
Craig Schneider, Melissa Vyfhuis, Emily Morse, Tejan Diwanji, James W Snider, Sina Mossahebi, Katarina Steacy, Robert Malyapa
Sacral chordomas are slow-growing, indolent, and locally invasive tumors that typically present with pain and neurologic dysfunction. Wide en-bloc surgical excision is the primary treatment, but achieving adequate margins is difficult and surgery is often associated with significant morbidity. Adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) is utilized to decrease the risk of local recurrence or as definitive treatment for nonsurgical candidates. Although chordomas are considered to be relatively radioresistant tumors, several studies have demonstrated tumor response to high-dose proton therapy...
September 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150730/racial-differences-in-symptom-management-experiences-during-breast-cancer-treatment
#9
Cleo A Samuel, Jennifer Schaal, Linda Robertson, Jemeia Kollie, Stephanie Baker, Kristin Black, Olive Mbah, Crystal Dixon, Katrina Ellis, Eugenia Eng, Fatima Guerrab, Nora Jones, Amanda Kotey, Claire Morse, Jessica Taylor, Vickie Whitt, Samuel Cykert
PURPOSE: Racial disparities in cancer treatment-related symptom burden are well documented and linked to worse treatment outcomes. Yet, little is known about racial differences in patients' treatment-related symptom management experiences. Such understanding can help identify modifiable drivers of symptom burden inequities. As part of the Cancer Health Accountability for Managing Pain and Symptoms (CHAMPS) study, we examined racial differences in symptom management experiences among Black and White breast cancer survivors (BCS)...
November 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146686/specific-force-of-the-vastus-lateralis-in-adults-with-achondroplasia
#10
David Thomas Sims, Gladys L Onambele-Pearson, Adrian Burden, Carl Payton, Christopher I Morse
Achondroplasia is a clinical condition defined by shorter stature and disproportionate limb length. Force production in able-bodied individuals (controls) is proportional to muscle size, but given the disproportionate nature of Achondroplasia, normalising to anatomical cross sectional area (ACSA) is inappropriate. The aim of this study was to assess specific force of the vastus lateralis (VL) in 10 adults with Achondroplasia (22 ±3 yrs) and 18 gender matched controls (22 ±2 yrs). Isometric torque (iMVCτ) of the dominant knee extensors (KE) and in vivo measures of VL muscle architecture, volume, activation and patella tendon moment arm were used to calculate VL physiological CSA (PCSA), fascicle force and specific force in both groups...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140377/influence-of-the-prosthetic-index-on-fracture-resistance-of-morse-taper-dental-implants
#11
Karla Zancopé, Caio César Dias Resende, Carolina Guimarães Castro, Rafael Calixto Salatti, Flávio Domingues das Neves
PURPOSE: Manufacturers have inserted a prosthetic index, an internal hexagon to guide prosthetic components inside Morse taper implants. However, it is still unclear if this mechanism could decrease the mechanical strength of Morse taper implants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the prosthetic index inside Morse taper implants on fracture resistance compared with nonindexed implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-seven Morse taper implants, with 11...
November 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137820/does-acute-care-for-the-elderly-ace-unit-decrease-the-incidence-of-falls
#12
Ahmed Abdalla, Mehul Adhaduk, Raad A Haddad, Yanal Alnimer, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Ghassan Bachuwa
To determine whether acute care for the elderly (ACE) units decrease the incidence of patient falls compared to general medical and surgical (GMS) units, a non-concurrent prospective study included individuals aged 65 and older admitted to ACE or GMS units over a 2-year span was done. There were 7069 admissions corresponded to 28,401 patient-days. A total of 149 falls were reported for an overall incidence rate (IR) of 5.2 falls per 1000 patient-days, 95% CI, 4.4/1000-6.1/1000 patient-days. The falls IR ratio for patients in ACE unit compared to those in non-ACE units after adjusting for age, sex, prescribed psychotropics and hypnotics, and Morse Fall Score was 0...
November 11, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136466/multiconfiguration-pair-density-functional-theory-and-complete-active-space-second-order-perturbation-theory-bond-dissociation-energies-of-fec-nic-fes-nis-fese-and-nise
#13
Kamal Sharkas, Laura Gagliardi, Donald G Truhlar
We investigate the performance of multi-configuration pair-density functional theory (MC-PDFT) and complete active space second-order perturbation theory for computing the bond dissociation energies of the diatomic molecules FeC, NiC, FeS, NiS, FeSe, and NiSe, for which accurate experimental data have become recently available [Matthew, D. J.; Tieu, E.; Morse, M. D. J. Chem. Phys. 2017, 146, 144310]. We use three correlated participating orbitals (CPO) schemes (nominal, moderate, and extended) to define the active spaces (CAS), and we consider both the complete active space (CAS) and the separated-pair (SP) schemes to specific the configurations included for a given active space...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135907/efavirenz-therapeutic-range-in-hiv-1-treatment-naive-participants
#14
Cindy J Bednasz, Charles S Venuto, Qing Ma, Eric S Daar, Paul E Sax, Margaret A Fischl, Ann C Collier, Kimberly Y Smith, Camlin Tierney, Yang Yang, Gregory E Wilding, Gene D Morse
BACKGROUND: Efavirenz is currently suggested as an alternative to recommended antiretroviral (ARV) regimens by the Department of Health and Human Services for the treatment of HIV-1 in ARV-naive patients. A mid-dosing interval therapeutic range between 1000 and 4000 ng/mL for efavirenz has been proposed in the literature, with patients more likely to experience virologic failure below this range and adverse effects above. The current study reports an analysis of virologic outcome between those above, below, or within the reported efavirenz therapeutic range (1000-4000 ng/mL) and within subgroups...
December 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135800/outcomes-of-pneumatic-retinopexy-performed-by-vitreoretinal-fellows
#15
Parisa Emami-Naeini, Vivian S Vuong, Steven Tran, Lawrence S Morse, Ala Moshiri, Susanna S Park, Glenn Yiu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anatomical and visual outcomes of patients who underwent pneumatic retinopexy by vitreoretinal fellows. METHODS: We included 198 eyes (198 patients) that underwent pneumatic retinopexy by vitreoretinal fellows at a single academic institution between November 2002 and June 2016. Main outcomes were single-operation success and final anatomical success in retinal reattachment, as well as visual acuity at 3 months and 6 months after treatment...
November 10, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132427/risk-of-falling-among-hospitalized-patients-with-high-modified-morse-scores-could-be-further-stratified
#16
Irina Gringauz, Yael Shemesh, Amir Dagan, Irina Israelov, Dana Feldman, Naama Pelz-Sinvani, Dan Justo, Gad Segal
BACKGROUND: Falls during hospitalization harbor both clinical and financial outcomes. The modified Morse fall scale [MMFS] is widely used for an in-hospital risk-of-fall assessment. Nevertheless, the majority of patients at risk of falling, i.e. with high MMFS, do not fall. The aim of this study was to ascertain our study hypothesis that certain patients' characteristics (e.g. serum electrolytes, usage of a walking device etc.) could further stratify the risk of falls among hospitalized patients with MMFS...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130813/museums-health-and-wellbeing-research-co-developing-a-new-observational-method-for-people-with-dementia-in-hospital-contexts
#17
Nuala Morse, Helen Chatterjee
AIMS: The aim of this article is to present a new observational tool for assessing the impacts of museum object handling for people with moderate-to-severe dementia in hospital settings, focusing on wellbeing, social interaction, level of engagement and agitation. This article presents a four-step approach to collaboration towards co-developing the tool, which involved a range of academics, museums professionals, and health and social care partners, and describes the process of integrating multiple perspectives towards common research methodologies...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130301/omni-purpose-stretchable-strain-sensor-based-on-a-highly-dense-nanocracking-structure-for-whole-body-motion-monitoring
#18
Hyungkook Jeon, Seong Kyung Hong, Min Seo Kim, Seong J Cho, Geunbae Lim
Here, we report an omni-purpose stretchable strain sensor (OPSS sensor) based on a nanocracking structure for monitoring of whole-body motions including both joint-level and skin-level motions. By controlling and optimizing the nanocracking structure, inspired by the spider sensory system, the OPSS sensor is endowed with both high sensitivity (gauge factor ~30) and wide working range (strain up to 150%) under great linearity (R(2) = 0.9814) and fast response time (<30 ms). Furthermore, the fabrication process of the OPSS sensor has advantages of being extremely simple, patternable, IC (integrated circuit)-compatible and reliable in terms of reproducibility...
November 13, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117021/the-science-of-addiction-and-criminal-law
#19
Stephen J Morse
Although there is debate in the scientific and clinical literature about how much choice addicts have concerning the use of drugs and related activities, this article demonstrates that Anglo-American criminal law is most consistent with the position that addicts have substantial choice about engaging in crimes involving their addiction. It suggests that the criminal law's approach is consistent with plausible and reasonable current scientific and clinical understanding of addiction and is therefore defensible, but it also suggests that the law is unduly harsh and far from optimum...
November 2017: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109259/proof-of-region-specific-multipotent-progenitors-in-human-breast-epithelia
#20
Agla J Fridriksdottir, René Villadsen, Mikkel Morsing, Marie Christine Klitgaard, Jiyoung Kim, Ole William Petersen, Lone Rønnov-Jessen
The human breast parenchyma consists of collecting ducts and terminal duct lobular units (TDLUs). The TDLU is the site of origin of most breast cancers. The reason for such focal susceptibility to cancer remains poorly understood. Here, we take advantage of a region-specific heterogeneity in luminal progenitors to interrogate the differentiation repertoire of candidate stem cells in TDLUs. We show that stem-like activity in serial passage culture and in vivo breast morphogenesis relies on the preservation of a myoepithelial phenotype...
November 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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