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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211184/participatory-environmental-diagnosis-and-of-health-risks-from-the-surrounding-communities-the-petrochemical-complex-of-rio-de-janeiro-brazil
#1
Marcela de Abreu Moniz, Vera Maria Sabóia, Cleber Nascimento do Carmo, Sandra de Souza Hacon
The aim of this study was to diagnose the priority socio environmental problems and the health risks from the surrounding communities the Petrochemical Complex of Rio de Janeiro. Characterized by a participatory approach, the action research has led to the application of interviews, focal groups, meetings and workshop with social actors of Porto das Caixas and Sambaetiba districts, located in Itaboraí city/RJ from November 2013 to December 2014. A structural analysis of the problems prioritized by the communities (water supply, sewage treatment and risk of transmissible diseases; risk of air pollution and respiratory diseases; absence of public security and risk of violence) sketched out the cause-effect-intervention relationship, on the basis of the Protocol for Assessing Community Excellence in Environmental Health...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211123/peri-implant-bone-loss-of-external-hexagon-and-morse-taper-in-patients-wearing-immediately-loaded-overdentures
#2
Laércio Almeida de Melo, Mariana Barbosa Câmara de Souza, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa, Adriana da Fonte Porto Carreiro
The aim of this study was to evaluate the peri-implant bone loss of External Hexagon (EH) and Morse Taper (MT) implants in patients wearing immediately loaded mandibular overdentures during a 1-year follow-up. This is a non-randomized controlled clinical trial including 18 MT and 22 EH implants. Periapical radiographs were taken after overdentures insertion and following 1 year. The peri-implant bone loss was assessed through digitalization and analysis of the radiographs in the software Corel DRAW X7. For this, measurement from implant platform to residual ridge at mesial and distal surfaces of each implant was conducted...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191757/does-previous-laparoscopic-experience-influence-basic-robotic-surgical-skills
#3
Marcelo Pimentel, Renan Desimon Cabral, Márcio Machado Costa, Brasil Silva Neto, Leandro Totti Cavazzola
OBJECTIVE: Studies addressing the effect of laparoscopic experience on robotic skills have produced conflicting results. This study aimed to compare simulated robotic surgical tasks using the virtual reality simulator dV-Trainer between laparoscopically experienced surgeons and first-year surgical residents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. Participants completed 4 trials of the following tasks on the dV-Trainer: Peg Board 2, Ring and Rail 1, and Suture Sponge 1...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186413/antenatal-paternal-adjustment-and-paternal-attitudes-after-infertility-treatment
#4
T M Pinto, C Samorinha, I Tendais, S Silva, B Figueiredo
STUDY QUESTION: Do mode of conception [ART versus Natural (NC)] and depression have an interactive effect on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes? SUMMARY ANSWER: Depression increased the negative effect of ART on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes, specifically on antenatal marital relationship satisfaction. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Research on antenatal paternal adjustment and paternal attitudes after ART is scarce and has produced inconsistent results...
November 24, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172039/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#5
Edgar E Sarria, Eduardo Mundstock, Denise G Machado, Helena T Mocelin, Gilberto B Fischer, Silvana P Furlan, Ivan C F Antonello, Ricardo Stein, Rita Mattiello
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall health-related quality of life in patients with bronchiolitis obliterans. METHODS: Participants with a diagnosis of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO), who were being followed-up at two specialized outpatient clinics of Pediatric Pulmonology in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and controls aged between 8 and 17 years, of both genders, were included in the study. Controls were paired by gender, age, and socioeconomic level in relation to the group of participants with PIBO...
November 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160445/epidemiological-profile-of-tuberculosis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-municipality-from-2006-to-2013
#6
Priscila Fernanda Porto Scaff Pinto, Cássio Silveira, Maria Josefa Penon Rujula, Francisco Chiaravalloti, Manoel Carlos Sampaio de Almeida Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a serious public health problem that still persists in the world and in Brazil. The municipality of São Paulo, Brazil, is among the prioritized ones in the country for disease control. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological profile of all new tuberculosis cases in São Paulo municipality reported between the years 2006 and 2013. METHODS: The variables selected for the study were: socioeconomic, demographic and clinical-epidemiologic obtained through the online information system TB-WEB...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153671/longitudinal-evaluation-of-uterine-perfusion-endothelial-function-and-central-blood-flow-in-early-onset-pre-eclampsia
#7
Ludmila Barcelos Porto, Augusto Henriques Fulgêncio Brandão, Henrique Vítor Leite, Antônio Carlos Vieira Cabral
OBJECTIVES: Physiopathological mechanisms that trigger clinical manifestations in pre-eclampsia (PE) remain unclear, and management is still a challenge. The identification of tools to predict the onset of the disease and prevent its complications is of great interest in medical practice. The present study aims to evaluate uterine perfusion, endothelial function and central nervous system blood flow in pregnant women with high-risk factors for PE, for comparison of the results between the group of patients who developed early onset PE and those who remained normotensive throughout pregnancy...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122230/cognitive-stimulation-of-elderly-residents-in-social-protection-centers-in-cartagena-2014
#8
Estela Melguizo Herrera, Anyel Bertel De La Hoz, Diego Paternina Osorio, Yurani Felfle Fuentes, Leidy Porto Osorio
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a program of cognitive stimulation of the elderly residents in Social Protection Centers in Cartagena, 2014. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study with pre and post tests in control and experimental groups. A sample of 37 elderly residents in Social Protection Centers participated: 23 in the experimental group and 14 in the control group. A survey and a mental evaluation test (Pfeiffer) were applied. The experimental group participated in 10 sessions of cognitive stimulation...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110680/fraction-of-high-grade-cervical-intraepithelial-lesions-attributable-to-genotypes-targeted-by-a-nonavalent-hpv-vaccine-in-galicia-spain
#9
S Perez, A Iñarrea, R Pérez-Tanoira, M Gil, E López-Díez, O Valenzuela, M Porto, L Alberte-Lista, M A Peteiro-Cancelo, A Treinta, R Carballo, M C Reboredo, M E Alvarez-Argüelles, M J Purriños
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) bivalent and quadrivalent vaccines have been widely implemented in worldwide organized immunization programs. A nonavalent HPV vaccine is now available in several countries. The objective was to describe the fraction of squamous non-invasive high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesions attributable to genotypes targeted by bi-quadrivalent vaccines and by nonavalent vaccine according to age and diagnosis in women living in the city of Vigo (Galicia, Spain)...
November 6, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106984/evaluation-of-profile-and-functionality-of-memory-t-cells-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#10
Marcela M Tonaco, Jôsimar D Moreira, Fernanda F C Nunes, Cristina M G Loures, Larissa R Souza, Janaina M Martins, Henrique R Silva, Arthur Henrique R Porto, Vicente Paulo C P Toledo, Silvana S Miranda, Tânia Mara P D Guimarães
The cells T CD4+ T and CD8+ can be subdivided into phenotypes naïve, T of central memory, T of effector memory and effector, according to the expression of surface molecules CD45RO and CD27. The T lymphocytes are cells of long life with capacity of rapid expansion and function, after a new antigenic exposure. In tuberculosis, it was found that specific memory T cells are present, however, gaps remain about the role of such cells in the disease immunology. In this study, the phenotypic profile was analyzed and characterized the functionality of CD4+ T lymphocytes and CD8+ T cells of memory and effector, in response to specific stimuli in vitro, in patients with active pulmonary TB, compared to individuals with latent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis the ones treated with pulmonary TB...
December 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104725/effect-of-multicomponent-training-on-blood-pressure-nitric-oxide-redox-status-and-physical-fitness-in-older-adult-women-influence-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-nos3-haplotypes
#11
Atila Alexandre Trapé, Elisangela Aparecida da Silva Lizzi, Thiago Correa Porto Gonçalves, Jhennyfer Aline Lima Rodrigues, Simone Sakagute Tavares, Riccardo Lacchini, Lucas Cezar Pinheiro, Graziele Cristina Ferreira, José Eduardo Tanus-Santos, Paula Payão Ovídio, Alceu Afonso Jordão, André Mourão Jacomini, Anderson Saranz Zago, Carlos Roberto Bueno Júnior
The purpose of this study was to verify the influence of the genotype or haplotype (interaction) of the NOS3 polymorphisms [-786T>C, 894G>T (Glu298Asp), and intron 4b/a] on the response to multicomponent training (various capacities and motor skills) on blood pressure (BP), nitrite concentration, redox status, and physical fitness in older adult women. The sample consisted of 52 participants, who underwent body mass index and BP assessments. Physical fitness was evaluated by six-minute walk, elbow flexion, and sit and stand up tests...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090738/brief-communication-a-re-evaluation-of-the-health-index-of-southern-brazilian-shellmound-populations
#12
Mark Hubbe, Madelyn K Green, Colleen M Cheverko, Walter A Neves
OBJECTIVES: The southern Brazilian shellmounds provide archaeological evidence of prolonged human activity in the coast from approximately 6000 to 1000 BP. Shellmound building populations exploited the rich coastal estuarine zones, and the human remains recovered from them are important sources of information on health and overall lifestyle of these mid-Holocene groups. Therefore, they were included in the Western Hemisphere Global History of Health project. The shellmounds contribute the highest Health Index in the Western Hemisphere, but these conclusions are based on collections that exclude postcranial remains...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079022/factors-associated-with-portomesenteric-venous-thrombosis-after-total-colectomy-with-ileorectal-anastomosis-or-end-ileostomy
#13
Emre Gorgun, Ipek Sapci, Akin Onder, Gokhan Ozuner, David Liska, Luca Stocchi, Conor P Delaney
BACKGROUND: Porto-mesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is an uncommon but serious complication. Data on the risk factors for PMVT following total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis or end ileostomy (TC/IRA or EI) is limited. This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with PMVT after TC/IRA or EI. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective TC/IRA or EI between January 2010 and December 2014 were identified from institutional database. Patients who had CT proven PMVT within 30 days of surgery were included in the PMVT positive group...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069163/effects-of-food-availability-and-habitat-features-on-the-ephemeroptera-species-composition-at-seasonal-and-spatial-scales-from-neotropical-floodplain-rivers
#14
S M Melo, F H Ragonha, G D Pinha, A M Takeda
Brazilian floodplains have suffered great changes in their natural characteristics in recent decades, mainly in the flood pulse. The Upper Paraná River floodplain is one of the few places where are found remained areas in which such peculiar characteristics keep reflecting on its high biodiversity. Ephemeroptera nymphs are one of the higher density groups among benthic community, occurring in many water bodies like large rivers and secondary channels. We sought to understand which factors are needed for the species establishment and how much important is the species colonization, especially in environments with anthropogenic changes...
October 23, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064263/long-term-prognostic-value-of-delirium-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-cardiac-diseases-admitted-to-two-cardiac-intensive-care-units-a-prospective-study-delirium-cordis
#15
Giovanni Falsini, Simone Grotti, Italo Porto, Giulio Toccafondi, Aureliano Fraticelli, Paolo Angioli, Kenneth Ducci, Francesco Liistro, Maurizio Pieroni, Tamara Taddei, Serena Romanelli, Roberto Rossi, Leonardo Bolognese
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a frequent in-hospital complication in elderly patients, and is associated with poor clinical outcome. Its clinical impact, however, has not yet been fully addressed in the setting of the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU). The present study is a prospective, two-centre registry aimed at assessing the incidence, prevalence and significance of delirium in elderly patients with acute cardiac diseases. METHODS: Between January 2014 and March 2015, all consecutive patients aged 65 years or older admitted to the CICU of our institutions were enrolled and followed for 6 months...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024923/a-ghep-isfg-collaborative-study-on-the-genetic-variation-of-38-autosomal-indels-for-human-identification-in-different-continental-populations
#16
R Pereira, C Alves, M Aler, A Amorim, C Arévalo, E Betancor, D Braganholi, M L Bravo, P Brito, J J Builes, G Burgos, E F Carvalho, A Castillo, C I Catanesi, R M B Cicarelli, P Coufalova, P Dario, M E D'Amato, S Davison, J Ferragut, M Fondevila, S Furfuro, O García, A Gaviria, I Gomes, E González, A Gonzalez-Liñan, T E Gross, A Hernández, Q Huang, S Jiménez, L F Jobim, A M López-Parra, M Marino, S Marques, G Martínez-Cortés, V Masciovecchio, D Parra, G Penacino, M F Pinheiro, M J Porto, Y Posada, C Restrepo, T Ribeiro, L Rubio, A Sala, A Santurtún, L S Solís, L Souto, E Streitemberger, A Torres, C Vilela-Lamego, J J Yunis, I Yurrebaso, L Gusmão
A collaborative effort was carried out by the Spanish and Portuguese Speaking Working Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (GHEP-ISFG) to promote knowledge exchange between associate laboratories interested in the implementation of indel-based methodologies and build allele frequency databases of 38 indels for forensic applications. These databases include populations from different countries that are relevant for identification and kinship investigations undertaken by the participating laboratories...
September 22, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#17
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988345/partial-caries-removal-in-deep-caries-lesions-a-5-year-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
M Maltz, B Koppe, J J Jardim, L S Alves, L M de Paula, P M Yamaguti, J C F Almeida, M S Moura, H D Mestrinho
OBJECTIVE: This multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial aimed to compare the outcomes of stepwise excavation (SW) and partial caries removal (PCR) regarding the maintenance of pulp vitality in deep caries lesions over 5 years. METHODS: At baseline, 299 permanent molars with deep caries lesions were randomly assigned to control or test groups. The control group received the stepwise excavation treatment (SW), while the test group received partial caries removal from the pulpal wall followed by restoration in a single session (PCR)...
October 8, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977232/humanization-in-the-intensive-care-perception-of-family-and-healthcare-professionals
#19
Flavia Feron Luiz, Rita Catalina Aquino Caregnato, Márcia Rosa da Costa
Objective: Understanding perceptions of family members and healthcare professionals about humanization at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) to direct it to an educational action. Method: Exploratory descriptive and qualitative study conducted in an ICU level 3 of a public hospital in Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, with fourteen subjects, eight family members and six healthcare professionals. Data collection carried out through semi-structured interviews and focus group. Content Analysis was used...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977070/cardiovascular-risk-and-bipolar-disorder-factors-associated-with-a-positive-coronary-calcium-score-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-type-1
#20
Aline R Wageck, Felipe S Torres, Clarissa S Gama, Dayane S Martins, Ellen Scotton, Ramiro Reckziegel, Monise Costanzi, Regis G Rosa, Flávio Kapczinski, Maurício Kunz
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with positive coronary calcium score (CCS) in individuals with bipolar disorder type 1. METHODS: Patients from the Bipolar Disorder Program at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, underwent computed tomography scanning for calcium score measurement. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were compared between patients according to their CCS status: negative (CCS = 0) or positive (CCS > 0)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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