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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099665/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-preschoolers-clinical-trial-with-teenage-mothers
#1
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099659/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-antihypertensives-among-seniors
#2
Kaio Henrique Correa Massa, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the use of antihypertensives among seniors and the association with socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. METHODS: In this seriate cross-sectional study, we used data from the Saúde, Bem Estar e Envelhecimento study (SABE - Health, Well-being, and Aging), conducted in 2000, 2006, and 2010 in the city of São Paulo. Association between the use of antihypertensives and the demographic, behavioral, and socioeconomic characteristics and risk factors was analyzed by using multilevel logistic regression models...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099630/the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-gene-val66met-polymorphism-affects-memory-performance-in-older-adults
#3
Lucas A de Azeredo, Tatiana De Nardi, Mateus L Levandowski, Saulo G Tractenberg, Julia Kommers-Molina, Andrea Wieck, Tatiana Q Irigaray, Irênio G da Silva, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
Objective: Memory impairment is an important contributor to the reduction in quality of life experienced by older adults, and genetic risk factors seem to contribute to variance in age-related cognitive decline. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important nerve growth factor linked with development and neural plasticity. The Val66Met polymorphism in the BDNF gene has been associated with impaired episodic memory in adults, but whether this functional variant plays a role in cognitive aging remains unclear...
January 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038330/the-effects-of-a-simultaneous-cognitive-or-motor-task-on-the-kinematics-of-walking-in-older-fallers-and-non-fallers
#4
Renato Campos Freire Júnior, Jaqueline Mello Porto, Nise Ribeiro Marques, Paola Errera Magnani, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
Human gait has been widely investigated under dual-task conditions because it has been demonstrated to be an important way to uncover differences in gait biomechanics between older fallers and non-fallers. However, exactly how simultaneous tasks affect the kinematics of walking remains unclear. In the present study, gait kinematic properties of older fallers and non-fallers were compared under cognitive and motor dual-task conditions. The gait kinematic properties of interest were recorded under three different conditions: walking at preferred speed, walking when performing a cognitive task (naming animals), and walking when performing a motor task (transferring a coin from one pocket to the other)...
December 27, 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028679/hfe-variants-and-the-expression-of-iron-related-proteins-in-breast-cancer-associated-lymphocytes-and-macrophages
#5
Oriana Marques, Ana Rosa, Luciana Leite, Paula Faustino, Alexandra Rêma, Berta Martins da Silva, Graça Porto, Carlos Lopes
The association of HFE (High Iron FE) major variants with breast cancer risk and behavior has been a matter of discussion for a long time. However, their impact on the expression of iron-related proteins in the breast cancer tissue has never been addressed. In the present study, hepcidin, ferroportin 1, transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), and ferritin expressions, as well as tissue iron deposition were evaluated in a collection of samples from breast cancers patients and analyzed according to the patients' HFE genotype...
December 27, 2016: Cancer Microenvironment: Official Journal of the International Cancer Microenvironment Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024977/external-ventricular-drain-related-infection-in-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#6
Samir Cezimbra Dos Santos, Telmo Tiburcio Fortes Lima, Luciano Werle Lunardi, Marco Antonio Stefani
OBJECTIVE: To analyze infection rates in a series of patients with spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage who underwent surgical external ventricular drain (EVD) placement. METHODS: This prospective study included patients who required EVD for spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage at the Neurosurgery Department of Hospital Cristo Redentor (HCR), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Overall, 94 consecutive patients were included. RESULTS: The mean duration of EVD use was 7 days...
December 23, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013285/not-all-plaque-ruptures-are-born-equal-an-optical-coherence-tomography-study
#7
Giancarla Scalone, Giampaolo Niccoli, Hesham Refaat, Rocco Vergallo, Italo Porto, Antonio Maria Leone, Francesco Burzotta, Domenico D'Amario, Giovanna Liuzzo, Francesco Fracassi, Carlo Trani, Filippo Crea
AIMS: Plaque rupture (PR) represents the most common substrate of coronary thrombosis, in at least 50% of cases. Chronic low grade inflammation is a common background for atherosclerosis development; however, increased plaque inflammation may predispose by itself to PR. In the last decade, studies performed by optical coherence tomography (OCT) have allowed to establish the severity of plaque inflammation by assessing macrophage infiltration (MØI). Our retrospective study aimed at assessing the role of plaque inflammation in PR among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) using OCT...
December 24, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001221/number-of-leprosy-reactions-during-treatment-clinical-correlations-and-laboratory-diagnosis
#8
Douglas Eulálio Antunes, Gabriela Porto Ferreira, Mariana Vitorino Candeiro Nicchio, Sergio Araujo, Ana Carolina Rodrigues da Cunha, Rafaela Resende Gomes, Adeilson Viera da Costa, Isabela Maria Bernardes Goulart
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of leprosy reactions, a common event during treatment, may be mostly related to the action of multidrug therapy on Mycobacterium leprae. The clinical and laboratory monitoring of patients with reactions is important, since collecting data that assists in predicting the risk of reactions may help to prevent disability. METHODS: This was a sectional study, in order to correlate clinical and laboratory diagnosis with the number of reactions during treatment...
November 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987064/usefulness-of-combining-admission-brain-natriuretic-peptide-bnp-plus-hospital-discharge-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-biva-in-predicting-90%C3%A2-days-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure
#9
Simona Santarelli, Veronica Russo, Irene Lalle, Benedetta De Berardinis, Silvia Navarin, Laura Magrini, Antonio Piccoli, Marta Codognotto, Luigi Maria Castello, Gian Carlo Avanzi, Humberto Villacorta, Bernardo Luiz Campanário Precht, Pilar Barreto de Araújo Porto, Aline Sterque Villacorta, Salvatore Di Somma
Heart failure is a disease characterized by high prevalence and mortality, and frequent rehospitalizations. The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic power of combining brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and congestion status detected by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) in acute heart failure patients. This is an observational, prospective, and a multicentre study. BNP assessment was measured upon hospital arrival, while BIVA analysis was obtained at the time of discharge. Cardiovascular deaths were evaluated at 90 days by a follow up phone call...
December 16, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982373/prevalence-of-self-medication-in-brazil-and-associated-factors
#10
Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Maria Eneida Porto Fernandes, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and associated factors regarding the use of medicines by self-medication in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-sectional population-based study was conducted using data from the PNAUM (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), collected between September 2013 and February 2014 by interviews at the homes of the respondents. All people who reported using any medicines not prescribed by a doctor or dentist were classified as self-medication practitioners...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982330/bariatric-surgery-is-it-reasonable-before-the-age-of-16
#11
Lilian Helena Polak Massabki, Letícia Esposito Sewaybricker, Keila Hayashi Nakamura, Roberto Teixeira Mendes, Antonio DE Azevedo Barros, Maria Ângela Reis DE Góes Monteiro Antonio, Mariana Porto Zambon
Objective: to assess the severity of obesity in children and adolescents through the presence of comorbidities and the potential indication of bariatric surgery. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study with clinical and laboratory data of the first consultation of patients at the childhood obesity clinic at a tertiary hospital from 2005 to 2013. We divided the patients into groups with or without potential indication for surgery, and recorded age, gender, birth weight, age of obesity onset, BMI Z score, presence of acanthosis nigricans, blood pressure, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, blood glucose and fasting insulin, HOMA1-IR, CRP and ESR...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982270/elevated-heart-rate-is-associated-with-cardiac-denervation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-123-iodine-mibg-myocardial-scintigraphy-study
#12
Aline Sterque Villacorta, Humberto Villacorta, Jenne Serrão de Souza, José Antônio Caldas Teixeira, Maria Clara S S S Muradas, Christiane Rodrigues Alves, Bernardo Campanário Precht, Pilar Porto, Letícia Ubaldo, Cláudio Tinoco Mesquita, Antônio Cláudio Lucas da Nóbrega
Background: In the Systolic Heart Failure Treatment With the If Inhibitor Ivabradine Trial (SHIFT), heart rate (HR) reduction with ivabradine was associated with improved survival and reduced hospitalizations in patients with heart failure (HF). The mechanisms by which elevated HR increases mortality are not fully understood. Objective: To assess the relationship of baseline HR with clinical, neurohormonal and cardiac sympathetic activity in patients with chronic HF and elevated HR...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957268/evaluation-of-mineral-content-in-healthy-permanent-human-enamel-by-raman-spectroscopy
#13
Anna Akkus, Asya Akkus, Renato Roperto, Ozan Akkus, Thiago Porto, Sorin Teich, Lisa Lang
BACKGROUND: An understanding of tooth enamel mineral content using a clinically viable method is essential since variations in mineralization may serve as an early precursor of a dental health issues, and may predict progression and architecture of decay in addition to assessing the success and effectiveness of the remineralization strategies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty two human incisor teeth were obtained in compliance with the NIH guidelines and site specifically imaged with Raman microscope...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919741/implementation-of-a-clinical-documentation-improvement-curriculum-improves-quality-metrics-and-hospital-charges-in-an-academic-surgery-department
#14
Cynthia Reyes, Alissa Greenbaum, Catherine Porto, John C Russell
BACKGROUND: Accurate clinical documentation (CD) is necessary for many aspects of modern healthcare, including excellent communication, quality metrics reporting, and legal documentation. New requirements have mandated the adoption of ICD-10-CM coding systems, adding another layer of complexity to CD. A clinical documentation improvement (CDI) and ICD-10 training program was created for healthcare providers in our academic surgery department. We aimed to assess the impact of our CDI curriculum by comparing quality metrics, coding and reimbursement before and after implementation of our CDI program...
December 2, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910768/pharmacological-properties-of-biocompounds-from-spores-of-the-lingzhi-or-reishi-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-lucidum-agaricomycetes-a-review
#15
Carlos Ricardo Soccol, Lucas Yamasaki Bissoqui, Cristine Rodrigues, Rosalia Rubel, Sandra R B R Sella, Fan Leifa, Luciana Porto de Souza Vandenberghe, Vanete Thomaz Soccol
Ganoderma lucidum is a well-known representative of mushrooms that have been used in traditional Chinese medicine for centuries. New discoveries related to this medicinal mushroom and its biological properties are frequently reported. However, only recently have scientists started to pay special attention to G. lucidum spores. This is in part because of the recent development of methods for breaking the spore wall and extracting biocompounds from the spore. Although some research groups are working with G. lucidum spores, data in the literature are still limited, and the methods used have not been systematized...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909160/evaluation-of-polymorphic-variants-in-apoptotic-genes-and-their-role-in-susceptibility-and-clinical-progression-to-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
N Glesse, P Vianna, L M G Paim, M C C Matte, A K K Aguiar, P L Palhano, O A Monticielo, C V Brenol, R M Xavier, J A B Chies
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease marked by the disruption of the immune homeostasis. Patients exhibit a wide range of clinical manifestations, and environmental and genetic factors are involved in SLE pathogenesis. Evidence suggests that abnormalities in the cellular and molecular events that coordinate apoptosis may favour the generation of autoantigens involved in autoimmunity. In this way, the apoptotic deregulation may be affected by polymorphic variants in apoptotic-related genes...
November 30, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901177/agreement-between-bmi-and-body-fat-obesity-definitions-in-a-physically-active-population
#17
Luiz Guilherme G Porto, Rosenkranz M Nogueira, Eugênio C Nogueira, Guilherme E Molina, Andrea Farioli, Luiz Fernando Junqueira, Stefanos N Kales
Objectives: Body mass index (BMI) is a widely used proxy of body composition (BC). Concerns exist regarding possible BMI misclassification among active populations. We compared the prevalence of obesity as categorized by BMI or by skinfold estimates of body fat percentage (BF%) in a physically active population. Subjects and methods: 3,822 military firefighters underwent a physical fitness evaluation including cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) by the 12 min-Cooper test, abdominal strength by sit-up test (SUT) and body composition (BC) by BF% (as the reference), as well as BMI...
November 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898866/genomic-analyses-of-tropical-beef-cattle-fertility-based-on-genotyping-pools-of-brahman-cows-with-unknown-pedigree
#18
A Reverter, L R Porto-Neto, M R S Fortes, R McCulloch, R E Lyons, S Moore, D Nicol, J Henshall, S A Lehnert
We introduce an innovative approach to lowering the overall cost of obtaining genomic EBV (GEBV) and encourage their use in commercial extensive herds of Brahman beef cattle. In our approach, the DNA genotyping of cow herds from 2 independent properties was performed using a high-density bovine SNP chip on DNA from pooled blood samples, grouped according to the result of a pregnancy test following their first and second joining opportunities. For the DNA pooling strategy, 15 to 28 blood samples from the same phenotype and contemporary group were allocated to pools...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882305/splenophrenic-portosystemic-shunt-in-dogs-with-and-without-portal-hypertension-can-acquired-and-congenital-porto-caval-connections-coexist
#19
M Ricciardi
The possible existence of the same pattern of porto-caval connection in dogs having a single congenital portosystemic shunt (CPSS) and in dogs having multiple acquired portosystemic shunt (MAPSS) secondary to portal hypertension (PH) was evaluated. Retrospective evaluation of all CT examinations of patients having portosystemic shunt (PSS) was performed in a 4-year time period. All anomalous porto-caval connections were assessed for anatomical pattern and compared with published veterinary literature. Records of 25 dogs were reviewed...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869919/aids-mortality-trends-according-to-sociodemographic-characteristics-in-rio-grande-do-sul-state-and-porto-alegre-city-brazil-2000-2011
#20
Ana Paula da Cunha, Marly Marques da Cruz, Raquel Maria Cardoso Torres
OBJECTIVE: to analyze AIDS mortality trends in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS) and Porto Alegre City (POA) according to sociodemographic characteristics in the period 2000-2011. METHODS: this was an ecological time series study of AIDS mortality rates; Prais-Winsten regression model was used. RESULTS: the standardized mortality AIDS rate showed a stationary trend in RS (1.3%; 95%CI: -0..;6.7) and in POA (-0.3%; 95%CI: -5.1;3.9); there was an increasing trend in the following categories: women in RS (4...
July 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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