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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927865/infant-feeding-practices-and-the-effect-in-reducing-functional-constipation-six-years-later-a-randomised-field-trial
#1
Caroline Nicola Sangalli, Paula Dos Santos Leffa, Mauro Batista de Morais, Márcia Regina Vitolo
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of health worker training on infant feeding practices on the prevalence of functional constipation among children at six years of age. METHODS: Cluster randomised field trial conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Health centers were randomly allocated into intervention (n = 9) or control (n = 11) groups. In intervention sites, health workers joined training sessions on the "Ten Steps for Healthy Feeding for Children from Birth to Two Years of age"...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924752/can-different-stages-of-leprosy-treatment-influence-the-profile-of-oral-health-oral-status-in-leprosy
#2
F-Z Matos, A-M-F Aranha, Á-H Borges, F-L-M Pedro, S-A Raslan, F Hamida, K Veiga, A-N Porto
BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to evaluate the oral health status, salivary flow and halitosis among individuals diagnosed with leprosy as compared with healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample of 160 individuals was allocated into four groups, as follows: (G1) individuals with complete leprosy treatment; (G2) individuals diagnosed with leprosy and under multi-drug therapy; (G3) individuals diagnosed with leprosy not yet under treatment; and (G4) healthy individuals...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902777/physico-mechanical-properties-of-resin-cement-light-cured-through-different-ceramic-spacers
#3
Fabio Antonio Piola Rizzante, Paula Minatel Locatelli, Thiago Soares Porto, Ana Flávia Sanches Borges, Rafael Francisco Lia Mondelli, Sérgio Kiyoshi Ishikiriama
The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the micro hardness, color stability/ΔE, and degree of conversion/DC of a resin cement light cured through different ceramic spacers. Lithium-disilicate ceramic samples were obtained from IPS E-max CAD blocks (HT A1) and IPS in-Ceram (transparent neutral); and divided in 7 groups (n = 8 for each test): CTR/control group; 06 M/0.6 mm monolithic; 12 M/1.2 mm monolithic; 20 M/2.0 mm monolithic; 06B/0.4 + 0.2 mm bilayered; 12B/1.0 + 0.2 mm bilayered; 20B/1...
June 4, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898163/bariatric-surgeries-performed-by-the-brazilian-national-health-system-in-residents-of-the-metropolitan-region-of-porto-alegre-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil-2010-2016
#4
Adriane da Silva Carvalho, Roger Dos Santos Rosa
OBJECTIVE: to characterize caracterize by Brazilian National Health System (SUS) hospitalizations for bariatric surgeries in residents of the Metropolitan Region of Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil, from 2010 to 2016. METHODS: data analysis of the National Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS); calculation of indicators by sex, age groups, use of Intensive Care Unit and hospitalization expenses; the target population were patients aged 15 years and older. RESULTS: there were 1,249 hospitalizations (178...
June 11, 2018: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898162/twenty-year-clinical-experience-with-fixed-functional-appliances
#5
Alexandre Moro, Suellen W Borges, Paula Porto Spada, Nathaly D Morais, Gisele Maria Correr, Cauby M Chaves, Lucia H S Cevidanes
INTRODUCTION: Considering the large number of fixed functional appliances, choosing the best device for your patient is not an easy task. OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of fixed functional appliances as well as our 20-year experience working with them. METHODS: Fixed functional appliances are grouped into flexible, rigid and hybrid. They are different appliances, whose action is described here. Four clinical cases will be reported with a view to illustrating the different appliances...
March 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891397/immediate-effects-of-a-rhino-pharyngeal-clearance-protocol-in-nasal-obstruction-and-middle-ear-condition-of-children-under-3-years-of-age-with-upper-respiratory-infections-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ana Silva Alexandrino, Rita Santos, Cristina Melo, David Tomé, José Mesquita Bastos, Guy Postiaux
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Children up to 2 years old are at high risk of respiratory infections and nasal irrigation is often prescribed. Yet, to date there is no sufficient knowledge about its immediate effects on the nasopharynx and middle ear. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of a rhino-pharyngeal clearance intervention protocol on nasal obstruction and middle ear condition in children under 3 years of age with URTI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized controlled trial in a day-care centre of Porto, including 44 children randomized to Intervention Group (IG) and Control Group (CG)...
June 8, 2018: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888490/in-vitro-tooth-reattachment-techniques-a-systematic-review
#7
Amanda Pinto Bandeira Rodrigues de Sousa, Kamilla França, Liliana Vicente Melo de Lucas Rezende, Déborah Lousan do Nascimento Poubel, Julio César Franco Almeida, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Fernanda Cristina Pimentel Garcia
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fragment reattachment is a procedure that offers advantages, such as preservation of dental structure and maintenance of color, shape and translucency of the original tooth. The aim of this study was to analyze the reattachment techniques used to restore anterior teeth fractured by trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, LILACS, Web of Science, Cochrane and Scopus databases were searched in October 2016, and the search was updated in February 2017...
June 11, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881354/effects-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-rats-serum-extracellular-vesicles-diameter-concentration-and-small-rnas-content
#8
Getúlio P Oliveira, William F Porto, Cintia C Palu, Lydyane M Pereira, Bernardo Petriz, Jeeser A Almeida, Juliane Viana, Nezio N A Filho, Octavio L Franco, Rinaldo W Pereira
Physical exercise stimulates organs, mainly the skeletal muscle, to release a broad range of molecules, recently dubbed exerkines. Among them, RNAs, such as miRNAs, piRNAs, and tRNAs loaded in extracellular vesicles (EVs) have the potential to play a significant role in the way muscle and other organs communicate to translate exercise into health. Low, moderate and high intensity treadmill protocols were applied to rat groups, aiming to investigate the impact of exercise on serum EVs and their associated small RNA molecules...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879999/determinants-of-inequalities-in-the-quality-of-brazilian-diet-trends-in-12-year-population-based-study-2003-2015
#9
Aline Veroneze de Mello, Flávia Mori Sarti, Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Moisés Goldbaum, Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar, Maria Cecilia Goi Porto Alves, Regina Mara Fisberg
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have explored the influence of socioeconomic inequalities on the diet quality. However, there is lack of evidence regarding the level of inequalities in dietary quality and its main contributing factors from population-based follow-up studies. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the level and the determinants of inequalities in diet quality in a representative sample of adolescents, adults and older adults resident in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Data from the Health Survey of São Paulo (ISA-Capital) were analyzed for 2003 (n = 2398), 2008 (n = 1662) and 2015 (n = 1742) surveys...
June 7, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873754/a-haplotype-information-theory-method-reveals-genes-of-evolutionary-interest-in-european-vs-asian-pigs
#10
Nicholas J Hudson, Marina Naval-Sánchez, Laercio Porto-Neto, Miguel Pérez-Enciso, Antonio Reverter
Asian and European wild boars were independently domesticated ca. 10,000 years ago. Since the 17th century, Chinese breeds have been imported to Europe to improve the genetics of European animals by introgression of favourable alleles, resulting in a complex mosaic of haplotypes. To interrogate the structure of these haplotypes further, we have run a new haplotype segregation analysis based on information theory, namely compression efficiency (CE). We applied the approach to sequence data from individuals from each phylogeographic region (n = 23 from Asia and Europe) including a number of major pig breeds...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863549/cephalometric-findings-in-nine-individuals-with-richieri-costa-pereira-syndrome
#11
Rayane de Oliveira Pinto, Adriano Porto Peixoto, Ary Dos Santos Pinto, Antonio Richieri-Costa, Roseli Maria Zechi-Ceide, Terumi Okada Ozawa, Gisele da Silva Dalben
The Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome (RCPS) is an autosomal-recessive acrofacial dysostosis caused by mutations in EIF4A3, characterized by mandibular cleft comprising other craniofacial anomalies and limb defects such as cleft palate/Robin Sequence, microstomia, absence of mandibular central incisors, minor ear anomalies, clubfeet and first and 5 ray defects. The findings from this study are useful for better understanding the morphological consequences of disorders of EIF4A3, and having a better picture of the anatomic characteristics of the syndrome for a better therapeutic planning...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851767/management-of-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-part-2-acute-severe-colitis-an-evidence-based-consensus-guideline-from-ecco-and-espghan
#12
Dan Turner, Frank M Ruemmele, Esther Orlanski-Meyer, Anne M Griffiths, Javier Martin de Carpi, Jiri Bronsky, Gabor Veres, Marina Aloi, Caterina Strisciuglio, Christian P Braegger, Amit Assa, Claudio Romano, Séamus Hussey, Michael Stanton, Mikko Pakarinen, Lissy de Ridder, Konstantinos H Katsanos, Nick Croft, Víctor Manuel Navas-López, David C Wilson, Sally Lawrence, Richard K Russell
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Acute severe colitis (ASC) is one of the few emergencies in paediatric gastroenterology. Tight monitoring and timely medical and surgical interventions may improve outcomes and minimize morbidity and mortality. We aimed to standardize daily treatment of ASC in children through detailed recommendations and practice points which are based on a systematic review of the literature and consensus of experts. METHODS: These guidelines are a joint effort of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization (ECCO) and the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851766/management-of-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-part-1-ambulatory-care-an-evidence-based-guideline-from-ecco-and-espghan
#13
Dan Turner, Frank M Ruemmele, Esther Orlanski-Meyer, Anne M Griffiths, Javier Martin de Carpi, Jiri Bronsky, Gabor Veres, Marina Aloi, Caterina Strisciuglio, Christian P Braegger, Amit Assa, Claudio Romano, Séamus Hussey, Michael Stanton, Mikko Pakarinen, Lissy de Ridder, Konstantinos Katsanos, Nick Croft, Victor Navas-López, David C Wilson, Sally Lawrence, Richard K Russell
BACKGROUND: The contemporary management of ambulatory ulcerative colitis (UC) continues to be challenging with ∼20% of children needing a colectomy within childhood years. We thus aimed to standardize daily treatment of paediatric UC and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)-unclassified through detailed recommendations and practice points. METHODS: These guidelines are a joint effort of the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization (ECCO) and the Paediatric IBD Porto group of European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801444/study-protocol-of-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mindfulness-training-to-reduce-burnout-and-promote-quality-of-life-in-police-officers-the-police-study
#14
Marcelo Trombka, Marcelo Demarzo, Daniel Campos Bacas, Sonia Beira Antonio, Karen Cicuto, Vera Salvo, Felipe Cesar Almeida Claudino, Letícia Ribeiro, Michael Christopher, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Neusa Sica Rocha
BACKGROUND: Police officers experience a high degree of chronic stress. Policing ranks among the highest professions in terms of disease and accident rates. Mental health is particularly impacted, evidenced by elevated rates of burnout, anxiety and depression, and poorer quality of life than the general public. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce stress, anxiety, burnout and promote quality of life in a variety of settings, although its efficacy in this context has yet to be systematically evaluated...
May 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783171/ghep-isfg-collaborative-exercise-on-mixture-profiles-ghep-mix06-reporting-conclusions-results-and-evaluation
#15
P A Barrio, M Crespillo, J A Luque, M Aler, C Baeza-Richer, L Baldassarri, E Carnevali, P Coufalova, I Flores, O García, M A García, R González, A Hernández, V Inglés, G M Luque, A Mosquera-Miguel, S Pedrosa, M L Pontes, M J Porto, Y Posada, M I Ramella, T Ribeiro, E Riego, A Sala, V G Saragoni, A Serrano, S Vannelli
One of the main goals of the Spanish and Portuguese-Speaking Group of the International Society for Forensic Genetics (GHEP-ISFG) is to promote and contribute to the development and dissemination of scientific knowledge in the field of forensic genetics. Due to this fact, GHEP-ISFG holds different working commissions that are set up to develop activities in scientific aspects of general interest. One of them, the Mixture Commission of GHEP-ISFG, has organized annually, since 2009, a collaborative exercise on analysis and interpretation of autosomal short tandem repeat (STR) mixture profiles...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776670/-predictors-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery-in-a-university-hospital-a-prospective-cohort
#16
Adriene Stahlschmidt, Betânia Novelo, Luiza Alexi Freitas, Sávio Cavalcante Passos, Jairo Alberto Dussián-Sarria, Elaine Aparecida Félix, Patrícia Wajnberg Gamermann, Wolnei Caumo, Luciana Paula Cadore Stefani
INTRODUCTION: Morbidity and mortality associated with urgent or emergency surgeries are high compared to elective procedures. Perioperative risk scores identify the non-elective character as an independent factor of complications and death. The present study aims to characterize the population undergoing non-elective surgeries at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and identify the clinical and surgical factors associated with death within 30 days postoperatively. METHODOLOGY: A prospective cohort study of 187 patients undergoing elective surgeries between April and May 2014 at the Hospital de Clínicas, Porto Alegre...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768538/demineralized-bone-matrix-and-calcium-phosphate-cement-in-bone-regeneration-in-rats
#17
Luiz Carlos Ferreira da Silva, Gabriela Granja Porto, Emanuel Sávio de Souza Andrade, José Rodrigues Laureano Filho
PURPOSE: To compare bone regeneration in critical-sized defects in rat calvarium using demineralized bone matrix and calcium phosphate cement. METHODS: Thirty Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups of 10 animals each. Two defects of 5-mm were made in the parietal bones of each animal. Group I had calcium phosphate cement placed in the experimental defect, Group II had filled with demineralized bone matrix and Group III had with the combination of the matrix and cement in equal parts...
April 2018: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756964/a%C3%A3-ai-improves-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld-induced-by-fructose
#18
Mayara Medeiros de Freitas Carvalho, Larissa Lélis Teixeira Reis, Juliana Márcia Macedo Lopes, Nara Nunes Lage, Joyce Ferreira da Costa Guerra, Helena Porto Zago, Larissa De Freitas Bonomo, Renata Rebeca Pereira, Wanderson Geraldo de Lima, Marcelo Eustáquio Silva, Maria Lucia Pedrosa
INTRODUCTION: the excessive consumption of fructose can cause liver damage, characteristic of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) associated with changes in lipid metabolism and antioxidant defenses. Açai, the fruit of Euterpe oleraceaMart., has demonstrated numerous biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and lipid metabolism modulating action. OBJECTIVE: we evaluated the benefits of açai supplementation on liver damage caused by replacing starch with fructose in rats...
February 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754607/exploring-the-potential-of-needle-trap-microextraction-combined-with-chromatographic-and-statistical-data-to-discriminate-different-types-of-cancer-based-on-urinary-volatomic-biosignature
#19
Priscilla Porto-Figueira, Jorge A M Pereira, José S Câmara
The worldwide high cancer incidence and mortality demands for more effective and specific diagnostic strategies. In this study, we evaluated the efficiency of an innovative methodology, Needle Trap Microextraction (NTME), combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), for the establishment of the urinary volatomic biosignature from breast (BC), and colon (CC) cancer patients as well as healthy individuals (CTL). To achieve this, 40 mL of the headspace of acidified urine (4 mL, 20% NaCl, pH = 2), equilibrated at 50 °C during 40 min, were loaded through the DVB/Car1000/CarX sorbent inside the NTD, and subjected to a GC-MS analysis...
September 6, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754588/evaluating-seroprevalence-to-circumsporozoite-protein-to-estimate-exposure-to-three-species-of-plasmodium-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#20
Virginia Araujo Pereira, Juan Camilo Sánchez-Arcila, Mariana Pinheiro Alves Vasconcelos, Amanda Ribeiro Ferreira, Lorene de Souza Videira, Antonio Teva, Daiana Perce-da-Silva, Maria Teresa Queiroz Marques, Luzia Helena de Carvalho, Dalma Maria Banic, Luiz Cristóvão Sobrino Pôrto, Joseli Oliveira-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Brazil has seen a great decline in malaria and the country is moving towards elimination. However, for eventual elimination, the control program needs efficient tools in order to monitor malaria exposure and transmission. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether seroprevalence to the circumsporozoite protein (CSP) is a good tool for monitoring the exposure to and/or evaluating the burden and distribution of Plasmodium species in the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in a rural area of Porto Velho, Rondônia state...
May 14, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
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