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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331386/phylogenetic-analysis-of-the-genus-laparocerus-with-comments-on-colonisation-and-diversification-in-macaronesia-coleoptera-curculionidae-entiminae
#1
Antonio Machado, Eduardo Rodríguez-Expósito, Mercedes López, Mariano Hernández
The flightless Entiminae weevil genus Laparocerus is the species-richest genus, with 237 species and subspecies, inhabiting Macaronesia (Madeira archipelago, Selvagens, Canary Islands) and the continental 'Macaronesian enclave' in Morocco (one single polytypic species). This is the second contribution to gain insight of the genus and assist in its systematic revision with a mitochondrial phylogenetic analysis. It centres on the Canarian clade, adding the 12S rRNA gene to the combined set of COII and 16S rRNA used in our first contribution on the Madeiran clade (here re-analysed)...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330410/outcome-and-management-of-refractory-respiratory-failure-with-timely-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenationsingle-center-experience-with-legionella-pneumonia
#2
Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, Rodrigo Vilares-Morgado, Gert-Jan van der Heijden, João Ferreira-Coimbra, Paulo Mergulhão, José Artur Paiva
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the management and outcome of patients with refractory respiratory failure complicating severe Legionella pneumonia rescued with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in our Center. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study of patients with refractory respiratory failure treated with ECMO in Hospital S.João (Porto, Portugal), between November 2009 and September 2016. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 112 patients rescued with ECMO, of which 14 had Legionella pneumonia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327789/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-a-group-of-patients-newly-diagnosed-with-active-tuberculosis-in-porto-alegre-southern-brazil
#3
Cintia Costi, Tarciana Grandi, Maria Laura Halon, Márcia Susana Nunes Silva, Cláudia Maria Dornelles da Silva, Tatiana Schäffer Gregianini, Lia Gonçalves Possuelo, Carla Adriane Jarczewski, Christian Niel, Maria Lucia Rosa Rossetti
BACKGROUND: Porto Alegre is the Brazilian state capital with second highest incidence of tuberculosis (TB) and the highest proportion of people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among patients with TB. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection increases the risk of anti-TB drug-induced hepatotoxicity, which may result in discontinuation of the therapy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was (i) to estimate prevalence of HCV and HIV in a group of patients newly diagnosed with active TB in a public reference hospital in Porto Alegre and (ii) to compare demographic, behavioural, and clinical characteristics of patients in relation to their HCV infection status...
April 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324847/species-identification-in-forensic-samples-using-the-spindel-approach-a-ghep-isfg-inter-laboratory-collaborative-exercise
#4
Cíntia Alves, Rui Pereira, Lourdes Prieto, Mercedes Aler, Cesar R L Amaral, Cristina Arévalo, Gabriela Berardi, Florencia Di Rocco, Mariela Caputo, Cristian Hernandez Carmona, Laura Catelli, Heloísa Afonso Costa, Pavla Coufalova, Sandra Furfuro, Óscar García, Anibal Gaviria, Ana Goios, Juan José Builes Gómez, Alexis Hernández, Eva Del Carmen Betancor Hernández, Luís Miranda, David Parra, Susana Pedrosa, Maria João Anjos Porto, Maria de Lurdes Rebelo, Matteo Spirito, María Del Carmen Villalobos Torres, António Amorim, Filipe Pereira
DNA is a powerful tool available for forensic investigations requiring identification of species. However, it is necessary to develop and validate methods able to produce results in degraded and or low quality DNA samples with the high standards obligatory in forensic research. Here, we describe a voluntary collaborative exercise to test the recently developed Species Identification by Insertions/Deletions (SPInDel) method. The SPInDel kit allows the identification of species by the generation of numeric profiles combining the lengths of six mitochondrial ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene regions amplified in a single reaction followed by capillary electrophoresis...
March 7, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279149/somatic-growth-in-the-first-six-months-of-life-of-infants-exposed-to-maternal-smoking-in-pregnancy
#5
Mariana Lopes de Brito, Marina Nunes, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest a relationship between maternal smoking during pregnancy and not only intrauterine fetal growth restriction or low birth weight, but also with changes in the postnatal growth and development. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of smoking during pregnancy on infants growth in the first 6 months of life compared with a control group and a group with idiopathic intrauterine growth restriction. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study using a convenience sample of newborns divided into three groups: infants of smoking mothers (tobacco), with idiopathic intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and a control group...
March 9, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270028/designing-and-evaluating-a-health-education-session-on-respiratory-infections-addressed-to-caregivers-of-children-under-three-years-of-age-attending-day-care-centres-in-porto-portugal-a-community-based-intervention
#6
Ana Manuela Ferreira da Silva Alexandrino, Rita Isabel Garrido Vieira Dos Santos, Maria Cristina Damas Argel de Melo, José Adelino Mesquita Bastos
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are common in children, increasing the pressure on clinicians to prescribe antibiotics and affecting public health Objectives: This study aimed to design a health education session (HES) for caregivers of children, and to evaluate its effects on caregivers' needs, as well as on their knowledge and attitudes concerning ARI. METHODS: A generalized model of developing, implementing and evaluating a community-based intervention was followed, including caregivers of children under three years of age...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267075/surgical-management-of-crohn-disease-in-children-guidelines-from-the-paediatric-ibd-porto-group-of-espghan
#7
Jorge Amil-Dias, Sanja Kolacek, Dan Turner, Anders Pærregaard, Risto Rintala, Nadeem Ahmad Afzal, Katarzyna Karolewska-Bochenek, Jiri Bronsky, Sonny Chong, John Fell, Iva Hojsak, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Sibylle Koletzko, Devinder Kumar, Izabella Lazowska-Przeorek, Craig Lillehei, Paolo Lionetti, Javier Martin-de-Carpi, Mikko Pakarinen, Frank M Ruemmele, Ron Shaoul, Christine Spray, Annamaria Staiano, Ian Sugarman, David C Wilson, Harland Winter, Kaija-Leena Kolho
The incidence of Crohn's disease (CD) has been increasing and surgery needs to be contemplated in a substantial number of cases. The relevant advent of biological treatment has changed but not eliminated the need for surgery in many patients. Despite previous publications on the indications for surgery in CD there was a need for a comprehensive review of existing evidence on the role of elective surgery and options in pediatric patients affected with CD. We present an expert opinion and critical review of the literature to provide evidence-based guidance to manage these patients...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264142/using-body-donor-demographics-to-assist-the-implementation-of-donation-programs-in-brazil
#8
Andrea Oxley da Rocha, Deivis de Campos, Marco Aurélio Farina, Gabriel Sartori Pacini, Marina Cornelli Girotto, Arlete Hilbig
The use of human material in anatomy education depends upon the generosity of body donors. However, little is known regarding the demographics of body donors in Brazil, where voluntary body donation is a relatively rare phenomenon. Hence, the aim of the present study was to elucidate the demographic profile of applicants to the Body Donation Program (BDP) at the Federal University of Health Sciences of Porto Alegre in Brazil, as well as to assess whether the observed characteristics of body donors are unique to that sample, or if they merely reflect the characteristics of the regional population...
March 6, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259655/accumbens-volumes-are-reduced-among-crack-cocaine-users
#9
Silvia Bassani Schuch-Goi, Pedro Domingues Goi, Mariane Bermudez, Leticia Schwanck Fara, Félix Paim Kessler, Flavio Pechansky, Clarissa Severino Gama, Raffael Massuda, Lisia von Diemen
The brain reward system is known to be the neuroanatomical basis of addictive behaviors. Systemic, cognitive and functional consequences of crack-cocaine addiction are clinically evident, but the neuroanatomical underpinnigs are not yet well understood. We aim to assess the neuroanatomical differences between crack-cocaine patients and paired healthy controls. Fifteen crack-cocaine patients recently discharged from the Addiction Unit of the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and fifteen controls matched for gender, age, education and handedness were scanned using a Philips Achieva 1...
March 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257220/can-tooth-preparation-design-affect-the-fit-of-cad-cam-restorations
#10
Renato Cassio Roperto, Marina Piolli Oliveira, Thiago Soares Porto, Lais Alaberti Ferreira, Lucas Simino Melo, Anna Akkus
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the marginal fit of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorations manufactured with CAD/CAM systems can be affected by different tooth preparation designs. METHODS: Twenty-six typodont (plastic) teeth were divided into two groups (n = 13) according to the occlusal curvature of the tooth preparation. These were the group 1 (control group) (flat occlusal design) and group 2 (curved occlusal design)...
March 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251446/atorvastatin-and-simvastatin-promoted-mouse-lung-repair-after-cigarette-smoke-induced-emphysema
#11
Vanessa Pinho-Ribeiro, Adriana Correa Melo, Emanuel Kennedy-Feitosa, Adriane Graca-Reis, Marina Valente Barroso, Isabella Cattani-Cavalieri, Giovanna Marcella Cavalcante Carvalho, Walter Araújo Zin, Luis Cristóvão Porto, Lycia Brito Gitirana, Manuella Lanzetti, Samuel Santos Valença
Cigarette smoke (CS) induces pulmonary emphysema by inflammation, oxidative stress, and metalloproteinase (MMP) activation. Pharmacological research studies have not focused on tissue repair after the establishment of emphysema but have instead focused on inflammatory stimulation. The aim of our study was to analyze the effects of atorvastatin and simvastatin on mouse lung repair after emphysema caused by CS. Male mice (C57BL/6, n = 45) were divided into the following groups: control (sham-exposed), CSr (mice exposed to 12 cigarettes a day for 60 days and then treated for another 60 days with the vehicle), CSr+A (CSr mice treated with atorvastatin for 60 days), and CSr+S (CSr mice treated with simvastatin for 60 days)...
March 1, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245804/estimating-the-genetic-merit-of-sires-by-using-pooled-dna-from-progeny-of-undetermined-pedigree
#12
Amy M Bell, John M Henshall, Laercio R Porto-Neto, Sonja Dominik, Russell McCulloch, James Kijas, Sigrid A Lehnert
BACKGROUND: DNA-based predictions for hard-to-measure production traits hold great promise for selective breeding programs. DNA pooling might provide a cheap genomic approach to use phenotype data from commercial flocks which are commonly group-mated with parentage unknown. This study on sheep explores if genomic breeding values for stud sires can be estimated from genomic relationships that were obtained from pooled DNA in combination with phenotypes from commercial progeny. METHODS: Phenotypes used in this study were categorical data...
February 28, 2017: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241975/chronic-administration-of-the-soluble-nonbacterial-fraction-of-kefir-attenuates-lipid-deposition-in-ldlr-mice
#13
Adriélly F Santanna, Placielle F Filete, Ewelyne M Lima, Marcella L Porto, Silvana S Meyrelles, Elisardo C Vasquez, Denise C Endringer, Dominik Lenz, Dulcineia S P Abdalla, Thiago M C Pereira, Tadeu U Andrade
OBJECTIVES: Kefir is obtained by the action of acidic bacteria and yeasts that exist in symbiotic association in kefir grains. Recently, this fermented milk drink has been recommended for the treatment of several clinical conditions, such as inflammatory, gastrointestinal, or cardiovascular-related diseases, or a combination of these diseases. However, its effects on atherosclerosis are not yet clear. The aim of this study was to prove that chronic treatment with a soluble, nonbacterial fraction of kefir could reduce the progression of atherosclerosis in low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (LDLr(-/-)) mice...
March 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236541/immune-response-of-toddlers-with-history-of-prematurity
#14
S P Muraro, P M Pitrez, A P D de Souza, B N Porto, J E Vargas, I P Ewald, J P Heinzmann-Filho, G Dos Santos, T S Baptista, T D Gandolfi, F D Machado, M H Jones, C Bonorino, R T Stein
BACKGROUND: It is not quite well established how immune responses differ in term and preterm infants beyond the first year of life. This study aimed to evaluate aspects of the innate and adaptive immune responses in a group of preterm infants in comparison with their term peers. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were isolated from preterm and term children at age three years. Innate immune response was evaluated by the analysis of TLR receptors expression on CD11c(+)HLADR(high) cells and inflammatory cytokine production after PBMC stimulation with Toll like receptors (TLR) ligands...
February 21, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225476/comparative-postural-control-in-copd-patients-and-healthy-individuals-during-dynamic-and-static-activities
#15
Elias F Porto, Cristiane O Pradella, Carolina M Rocco, Mario Chueiro, Rafaella Q Maia, Fernando F Ganança, Antonio A M Castro, Oliver A Nascimento, José R Jardim
PURPOSE: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have body balance deficits, with consequent fall risk. It is possible that body sway in patients with COPD affects their ability to perform daily activities. The purpose of this study was to determine whether body balance is similar in patients with COPD and healthy persons when performing static and dynamic activities. In addition, we wanted to assess whether impairment of balance is related to the presence of falls in patients with COPD...
March 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223101/non-invasive-evaluation-of-portal-hypertension-using-ultrasound-elastography
#16
REVIEW
Annalisa Berzigotti
Portal hypertension (PH) leads to serious complications such as bleeding from gastro-esophageal varices, ascites and porto-systemic encephalopathy in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Since the gold-standard methods for assessing PH and its complications (measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient, HVPG; endoscopy), are invasive expensive and not available at all centers, non-invasive methods have been increasingly investigated in the last 20 years. The present review focuses on the role of ultrasound elastography, a novel group of non-invasive techniques able to measure stiffness in target organs, to identify the presence, severity and risk of complications of PH...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222175/factors-associated-with-post-diagnosis-pregnancies-in-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-south-of-brazil
#17
Luciana Barcellos Teixeira, Flávia Bulegon Pilecco, Álvaro Vigo, Maria de Lourdes Drachler, José Carlos de Carvalho Leite, Daniela Riva Knauth
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the factors associated with the occurrence of pregnancies after the diagnosis of infection by HIV. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with women of a reproductive age living with HIV/AIDS cared for in the public services of the city of Porto Alegre, in southern Brazil. The data was analyzed from a comparison between two groups: women with and women without pregnancies after the diagnosis of HIV. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the reasons of prevalence (RP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214080/clinical-outcome-and-correlates-of-coronary-microvascular-obstruction-in-latecomers-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#18
Rocco A Montone, Giampaolo Niccoli, Silvia Minelli, Francesco Fracassi, Vincenzo Vetrugno, Cristina Aurigemma, Francesco Burzotta, Italo Porto, Carlo Trani, Filippo Crea
AIMS: Microvascular obstruction (MVO) is associated with a worse prognosis in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, data about incidence, clinical outcome and correlates of MVO in latecomers after STEMI are still lacking. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled consecutive patients that were latecomers after STEMI (symptoms onset >12h) undergoing PCI. We performed an angiographic analysis to assess the occurrence of MVO [defined as TIMI flow grade ≤2 or 3 with a myocardial blush grade <2]...
February 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187467/protective-effects-of-ellagic-acid-on-cardiovascular-injuries-caused-by-hypertension-in-rats
#19
Juliana Bahia Reis Jordão, Hellen Karine Paes Porto, Flávio Marques Lopes, Aline Carvalho Batista, Matheus Lavorenti Rocha
Ellagic acid is described as having antioxidant and antiproliferative properties. Hence, it was hypothesized that ellagic acid could improve cardiovascular damage caused by hypertension. In this work, hypertension was induced in rats with Nω-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride (60 mg/kg/day in drinking water) for 6 weeks. Ellagic acid was coadministered (10 or 30 mg/kg/day by gavage) between the second and sixth week. Blood pressure was recorded every week by tail-cuff plethysmography. After 6 weeks, the rats were sacrificed, the hearts and kidneys were weighed, and blood was collected...
February 10, 2017: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178625/vaccinium-virgatum-fruit-extract-as-an-important-adjuvant-in-biochemical-and-behavioral-alterations-observed-in-animal-model-of-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Pathise Souto Oliveira, Marta Gazal, Natália Porto Flores, Aline Rigon Zimmer, Vitor Clasen Chaves, Flávio Henrique Reginatto, Manuella Pinto Kaster, Rejane Giacomelli Tavares, Roselia Maria Spanevello, Claiton Leoneti Lencina, Francieli Moro Stefanello
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of blueberry (Vaccinium virgatum) fruit extract on metabolic, behavioral and oxidative stress parameters in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of mice submitted to an experimental model of metabolic syndrome induced by a highly palatable diet (HPD). Mice C57BL/6 were divided into 4 experimental groups: (1) received standard chow and saline orally, (2) received standard chow and blueberry hydroalcoholic extract, (3) received HPD and saline orally, (4) received HPD and blueberry hydroalcoholic extract...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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