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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723253/end-of-life-services-among-patients-with-cancer-evidence-from-cancer-registry-records-linked-with-commercial-health-insurance-claims
#1
Cara L McDermott, Catherine Fedorenko, Karma Kreizenbeck, Qin Sun, Bruce Smith, J Randall Curtis, Ted Conklin, Scott D Ramsey
PURPOSE: Despite guidelines emphasizing symptom management over aggressive treatment, end-of-life care for persons with cancer in the United States is highly variable. In consultation with a regional collaboration of patients, providers, and payers, we investigated indicators of high-quality end-of-life care to describe patterns of care, identify areas for improvement, and inform future interventions to enhance end-of-life care for patients with cancer. METHODS: We linked insurance claims to clinical information from the western Washington SEER database...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722217/personal-and-situational-predictors-of-everyday-snacking-an-application-of-temporal-self-regulation-theory
#2
Katherine G Elliston, Stuart G Ferguson, Benjamin Schüz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims at testing predictions derived from temporal self-regulation theory (TST) in relation to discretionary food choices (snacks). TST combines a motivational sphere of influence (cognitions and temporal valuations resulting in intentions) with a momentary sphere (encompassing social and physical environmental cues). This dual approach differs from current health behaviour theories, but can potentially improve our understanding of the interplay of personal and environmental factors in health behaviour self-regulation...
July 19, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721959/a-study-of-falls-among-elderly-persons-in-a-rural-area-of-haryana
#3
Aniket Sirohi, Ravneet Kaur, Anil Kumar Goswami, Kalaivani Mani, Baridalyne Nongkynrih, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Falls are a common, disabling, and frequently fatal health concern among elderly persons. Assessment of the prevalence of falls and associated factors can lead to the identification of corrective measures, which can help in preventing falls and their consequent effects on health and well-being of the elderly. OBJECTIVES: The objective is to determine the prevalence of falls among elderly persons in a rural area and to study the association of falls with sociodemographic variables and selected health conditions...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721501/examining-transgender-health-through-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-s-icf-contextual-factors
#4
REVIEW
Melissa Jacob, Steven R Cox
PURPOSE: For many transgender individuals, medical intervention is necessary to live as their desired gender. However, little is known about Contextual Factors (i.e., Environmental and Personal) that may act as facilitators and barriers in the health of transgender individuals. Therefore, this paper sought to examine Contextual Factors of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health that may facilitate or negatively impact the physical, psychological, and social functioning of transgender individuals...
July 18, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720103/an-information-and-communication-technology-based-centralized-clinical-trial-to-determine-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-insulin-dose-adjustment-education-based-on-a-smartphone-personal-health-record-application-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Gyuri Kim, Ji Cheol Bae, Byoung Kee Yi, Kyu Yeon Hur, Dong Kyung Chang, Moon-Kyu Lee, Jae Hyeon Kim, Sang-Man Jin
BACKGROUND: A Personal Health Record (PHR) is an online application that allows patients to access, manage, and share their health data. PHRs not only enhance shared decision making with healthcare providers, but also enable remote monitoring and at-home-collection of detailed data. The benefits of PHRs can be maximized in insulin dose adjustment for patients starting or intensifying insulin regimens, as frequent self-monitoring of glucose, self-adjustment of insulin dose, and precise at-home data collection during the visit-to-visit period are important for glycemic control...
July 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719691/associations-of-weight-gain-from-early-to-middle-adulthood-with-major-health-outcomes-later-in-life
#6
Yan Zheng, JoAnn E Manson, Changzheng Yuan, Matthew H Liang, Francine Grodstein, Meir J Stampfer, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu
Importance: Data describing the effects of weight gain across adulthood on overall health are important for weight control. Objective: To examine the association of weight gain from early to middle adulthood with health outcomes later in life. Design, Setting, and Participants: Cohort analysis of US women from the Nurses' Health Study (1976-June 30, 2012) and US men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-January 31, 2012) who recalled weight during early adulthood (at age of 18 years in women; 21 years in men), and reported current weight during middle adulthood (at age of 55 years)...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717000/empathy-burnout-and-antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-a-cross-sectional-primary-care-study-in-the-us
#7
Bob Z Sun, Alexander Chaitoff, Bo Hu, Kathleen Neuendorf, Mahesh Manne, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: The impact of physician-patient relationship factors, such as physician empathy and burnout, on antibiotic prescribing has not been characterised. AIM: To assess associations between physician empathy and burnout and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of primary care practices in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the US. METHOD: Patient and prescribing data were obtained from the medical record...
July 17, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714833/patients-expectations-and-solutions-for-improving-primary-diabetes-care
#8
Brigitte Vachon, Ai-Thuy Huynh, Mylaine Breton, Louise Quesnel, Michel Camirand, Jeannette Leblanc, Sylvie Tardif
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to document health care needs expressed by people living with diabetes, describe the solutions they envisaged for improving the quality of primary care (PC) services and empower them to make better use of PC services. Design/methodology/approach A participatory research approach was used. Six workshops were organised to provide diabetes patients with knowledge on available services and to engage them in sharing their experience. Group discussions were recorded. Data were analysed using the thematic analysis method...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714112/wearables-in-epilepsy-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-focus-group-study
#9
A Ozanne, D Johansson, U Hällgren Graneheim, K Malmgren, F Bergquist, M Alt Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Wearable sensors that measure movement and physiological variables are attractive for clinical evaluation of neurological diseases such as epilepsy and Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to explore perceptions regarding the use of wearable technology in disease monitoring and management as reported by individuals with epilepsy and Parkinson's disease as well as health professionals working with these patient groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patient groups (n=25) and two groups with health professionals (n=15) participated in this qualitative, descriptive study with focus group interviews...
July 16, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712151/the-incidence-of-public-sector-hospitalisations-due-to-dog-bites-in-australia-2001-2013
#10
Mithun Rajshekar, Leigh Blizzard, Roberta Julian, Anne-Marie Williams, Marc Tennant, Alex Forrest, Laurence J Walsh, Gary Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of dog bite-related injuries requiring public sector hospitalisation in Australia during the period 2001-13. METHODS: Summary data on public sector hospitalisations due to dog bite-related injuries with an ICD 10-AM W54.0 coding were sourced from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare for the study period 2001-2013. RESULTS: In Australia, on average, 2,061 persons were hospitalised each year for treatment for dog bite injuries at an annual rate of 12...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712118/farm-injury-hospitalisations-in-new-south-wales-2010-to-2014
#11
Tony Lower, Rebecca J Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To examine gender differences in the characteristics, treatment costs and health outcomes of farm injuries resulting in hospitalisation of New South Wales (NSW) residents. METHOD: A population-based study of individuals injured on a farm and admitted to hospital using linked hospital admission and mortality records from 1 January 2010 to 30 June 2014 in NSW. Health outcomes, including injury severity, hospital length of stay (LOS), 28-day readmission and 30-day mortality were examined by gender...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710055/what-patients-value-about-reading-visit-notes-a-qualitative-inquiry-of-patient-experiences-with-their-health-information
#12
Macda Gerard, Alan Fossa, Patricia H Folcarelli, Jan Walker, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Patients are increasingly asking for their health data. Yet, little is known about what motivates patients to engage with the electronic health record (EHR). Furthermore, quality-focused mechanisms for patients to comment about their records are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to learn more about patient experiences with reading and providing feedback on their visit notes. METHODS: We developed a patient feedback tool linked to OpenNotes as part of a pilot quality improvement initiative focused on patient engagement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709455/barriers-and-facilitators-to-reducing-frequent-laboratory-testing-for-patients-who-are-stable-on-warfarin-a-mixed-methods-study-of-de-implementation-in-five-anticoagulation-clinics
#13
Geoffrey D Barnes, Sevan Misirliyan, Scott Kaatz, Elizabeth A Jackson, Brian Haymart, Eva Kline-Rogers, Jay Kozlowski, Gregory Krol, James B Froehlich, Anne Sales
BACKGROUND: Patients on chronic warfarin therapy require regular laboratory monitoring to safely manage warfarin. Recent studies have challenged the need for routine monthly blood draws in the most stable warfarin-treated patients, suggesting the safety of less frequent laboratory testing (up to every 12 weeks). De-implementation efforts aim to reduce the use of low-value clinical practices. To explore barriers and facilitators of a de-implementation effort to reduce the use of frequent laboratory tests for patients with stable warfarin management in nurse/pharmacist-run anticoagulation clinics, we performed a mixed-methods study conducted within a state-wide collaborative quality improvement collaborative...
July 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709405/rehabilitation-access-and-effectiveness-for-persons-with-back-pain-the-protocol-of-a-cohort-study-rehab-bp-drks00011554
#14
Matthias Bethge, Kerstin Mattukat, David Fauser, Wilfried Mau
BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common chronic diseases in Germany and has a major impact on work ability and social participation. The German Pension Insurance (GPI) is the main provider of medical rehabilitation to improve work ability and prevent disability pensions in Germany. However, over half of the persons granted a disability pension have never used a medical rehabilitation service. Furthermore, evidence on the effects of medical rehabilitation in Germany is inconclusive...
July 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708828/high-prevalence-of-epilepsy-in-onchocerciasis-endemic-regions-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#15
Bethany Levick, Anne Laudisoit, Floribert Tepage, Chellafe Ensoy-Musoro, Michel Mandro, Caroline Bonareri Osoro, Patrick Suykerbuyk, Jean Marie Kashama, Michel Komba, Alliance Tagoto, Dadi Falay, Michael Begon, Robert Colebunders
BACKGROUND: An increased prevalence of epilepsy has been reported in many onchocerciasis endemic areas. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of epilepsy in onchocerciasis endemic areas in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and investigate whether a higher annual intake of Ivermectin was associated with a lower prevalence of epilepsy. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: Between July 2014 and February 2016, house-to-house epilepsy prevalence surveys were carried out in areas with a high level of onchocerciasis endemicity: 3 localities in the Bas-Uele, 24 in the Tshopo and 21 in the Ituri province...
July 14, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708095/predictors-of-daily-mobility-of-adults-in-peri-urban-south-india
#16
Margaux Sanchez, Albert Ambros, Maëlle Salmon, Santhi Bhogadi, Robin T Wilson, Sanjay Kinra, Julian D Marshall, Cathryn Tonne
Daily mobility, an important aspect of environmental exposures and health behavior, has mainly been investigated in high-income countries. We aimed to identify the main dimensions of mobility and investigate their individual, contextual, and external predictors among men and women living in a peri-urban area of South India. We used 192 global positioning system (GPS)-recorded mobility tracks from 47 participants (24 women, 23 men) from the Cardiovascular Health effects of Air pollution in Telangana, India (CHAI) project (mean: 4...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707547/-we-need-a-safe-walkable-way-to-connect-our-sisters-and-brothers-a-qualitative-study-of-opportunities-and-challenges-for-neighborhood-based-physical-activity-among-residents-of-low-income-african-american-communities
#17
Stephanie T Child, Andrew T Kaczynski, Melissa L Fair, Ellen W Stowe, S Morgan Hughey, Lauren Boeckerman, Sally Wills, Yvonne Reeder
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of the benefits of and influencing factors for neighborhood-based physical activity (PA), and elicit suggestions for increasing neighborhood-based PA among primarily Black residents living in lower income neighborhoods. DESIGN: Eight focus groups were conducted in low-income, predominantly Black neighborhoods (n = 8) in Greenville, SC during Spring 2014. Using a semi-structured focus group guide with open-ended questions, residents were asked to describe benefits of PA, neighborhood factors associated with PA, and ways to increase PA within their neighborhoods...
July 14, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705462/effectiveness-of-a-group-b-outer-membrane-vesicle-meningococcal-vaccine-against-gonorrhoea-in-new-zealand-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#18
Helen Petousis-Harris, Janine Paynter, Jane Morgan, Peter Saxton, Barbara McArdle, Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Steven Black
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a major global public health problem that is exacerbated by drug resistance. Effective vaccine development has been unsuccessful, but surveillance data suggest that outer membrane vesicle meningococcal group B vaccines affect the incidence of gonorrhoea. We assessed vaccine effectiveness of the outer membrane vesicle meningococcal B vaccine (MeNZB) against gonorrhoea in young adults aged 15-30 years in New Zealand. METHODS: We did a retrospective case-control study of patients at sexual health clinics aged 15-30 years who were born between Jan 1, 1984, and Dec 31, 1998, eligible to receive MeNZB, and diagnosed with gonorrhoea or chlamydia, or both...
July 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704146/legacy-interventions-with-patients-with-co-occurring-disorders-legacy-definitions-life-satisfaction-and-self-efficacy
#19
Felina C Franklin, Monit Cheung
BACKGROUND: Individuals with co-occurring disorders tend to avoid interaction with others. To instill hope, legacy intervention aims to highlight past experiences while managing life stressors for a positive outlook. Participants take part in legacy activities-crafting tangible projects and recording one's life events-in order to actualize a personal sense of legacy. OBJECTIVES: This pre-posttest research tested whether legacy intervention in a partial hospital program (PHP) on reframing past experiences through creative activities could increase life satisfaction and self-efficacy among adults with co-occurring substance misuse and mental health symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702204/exploring-the-status-of-retail-private-drug-shops-in-bangladesh-and-action-points-for-developing-an-accredited-drug-shop-model-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Syed Masud Ahmed, Nahitun Naher, Tarek Hossain, Lal Bahadur Rawal
BACKGROUND: The private retail drug shops market in Bangladesh is largely unregulated and unaccountable, giving rise to irrational use of drugs and high Out-of-pocket expenditure on health. These shops are served by salespersons with meagre or no formal training in dispensing. METHOD: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to investigate how the drug shops currently operate vis-a-vis the regulatory regime including dispensing practices of the salespersons, for identifying key action points to develop an accredited model for Bangladesh...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
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