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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138901/-which-factors-are-associated-with-the-use-of-potentially-inadequate-medications-pim-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-degs1
#1
Heinz G Endres, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Hildtraud Knopf, Petra A Thürmann
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate a relationship between the prescription of potentially inappropriate medications (PIM) for patients 65 years or older and an increased risk for adverse events, in particular hospitalisations. The RKI conducted DEGS1-Survey ("German health interview and examination survey for adults") provides a representative sample of the target population to identify determinants for PIM use. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine characteristics of older persons in Germany, who currently use PIM, and if there are subpopulations among older persons with a particularly high PIM use...
November 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138173/cardiovascular-preventive-care-for-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#2
Sarah Ritchie, Laura Muldoon
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether patients with serious mental illness (SMI) are receiving preventive care for cardiovascular disease at the same rate as those without SMI in an interprofessional practice with a mandate to care for persons with barriers to access to the health care system. DESIGN: Quality improvement exercise using a case-matched retrospective chart review. SETTING: Somerset West Community Health Centre in downtown Ottawa, Ont...
November 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137936/the-field-of-medical-anthropology-in-social-science-medicine
#3
Catherine Panter-Brick, Mark Eggerman
Conceptually and methodologically, medical anthropology is well-positioned to support a "big-tent" research agenda on health and society. It fosters approaches to social and structural models of health and wellbeing in ways that are critically reflective, cross-cultural, people-centered, and transdisciplinary. In this review article, we showcase these four main characteristics of the field, as featured in Social Science & Medicine over the last fifty years, highlighting their relevance for an international and interdisciplinary readership...
October 31, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136127/risk-of-pelvic-inflammatory-disease-in-relation-to-chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-testing-repeat-testing-and-positivity-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Joanne Reekie, Basil Donovan, Rebecca Guy, Jane S Hocking, John M Kaldor, Donna B Mak, Sallie Pearson, David Preen, Louise Stewart, James Ward, Bette Liu
Background: There is uncertainty around whether the risks of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) differ following Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea) infection. We quantified the risk of PID associated with chlamydia and gonorrhea infection and subsequent repeat infections in a whole-population cohort. Methods: A cohort of 315123 Western Australian women, born during 1974-1995, was probabilistically linked to chlamydia and gonorrhea testing records and to hospitalizations and emergency department presentations for PID from 2002 to 2013...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134826/cancer-patients-recommendations-for-nature-based-design-and-engagement-in-oncology-contexts-qualitative-research
#5
Sarah Blaschke, Clare C O'Callaghan, Penelope Schofield
OBJECTIVES: To explore cancer patients' recommendations for nature engagement based on their subjective nature experiences and observations in the cancer setting. The rationale was to gain practical insight for delineating relevant and translatable nature-based care and design opportunities in oncology contexts. BACKGROUND: Innovative cancer care services are needed to respond to growing demand and shifting healthcare needs. Engagement with nature has shown multiple health benefits and presents a promising opportunity for application in healthcare to improve outcomes...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132222/abandoned-to-the-strains-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-the-long-term-experiences-in-partners-to-persons-after-a-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#6
Charlotte Ytterberg, Lena von Koch, Anette Erikson
PURPOSE: To describe the experiences of everyday life over 6 years after stroke, from the perspectives of partners to persons after stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi structured individual interviews were conducted with seven partners to persons who had had stroke. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed verbatim. The participants comprised two men and five women aged 60-82 years. The data were collected and analysed using a grounded theory approach. RESULTS: One core category Living in strained everyday circumstances and three categories Feelings of anxiety, Living a demanding day to day life, and Adjusting to a changed role emerged from the analysis...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130073/patterns-of-mortality-by-occupation-in-the-uk-1991-2011-a-comparative-analysis-of-linked-census-and-mortality-records
#7
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Alastair H Leyland, Martin McKee, Kevin Ralston, David Stuckler
Background: Detailed assessments of mortality by occupation are scarce. We aimed to assess mortality by occupation in the UK, differences in rates between England and Wales and Scotland, and changes over time in Scotland. Methods: We analysed adults of working age (20-59 years) using linked census and death records. Main occupation was coded into more than 60 groups in the 2001 census, with mortality follow-up until Dec 31, 2011. Comparable occupation data were available for Scotland in 1991, allowing assessment of trends over time...
November 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129193/experiences-of-three-states-implementing-the-medicaid-health-home-model-to-address-opioid-use-disorder-case-studies-in-maryland-rhode-island-and-vermont
#8
Lisa Clemans-Cope, Jane B Wishner, Eva H Allen, Nicole Lallemand, Marni Epstein, Brenda C Spillman
PURPOSE: The United States is facing an unprecedented opioid epidemic. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) included several provisions designed to increase care coordination in state Medicaid programs and improve outcomes for those with chronic conditions, including substance use disorders. Three states-Maryland, Rhode Island, and Vermont - adopted the ACA's optional Medicaid health home model for individuals with opioid use disorder. The model coordinates opioid use disorder treatment that features opioid agonist therapy provided at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) and Office-based Opioid Treatment (OBOT) with medical and behavioral health care and other services, including those addressing social determinants of health...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129000/health-literacy-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#9
Rosario Caruso, Arianna Magon, Irene Baroni, Federica Dellafiore, Cristina Arrigoni, Francesco Pittella, Davide Ausili
Aim To summarize, critically review, and interpret the evidence related to the systematic reviews on health literacy (HL) amongst type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods The methodology for this study consisted of a systematic review of systematic reviews, using the PRISMA statement and flowchart to select studies, and searching on PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Cochrane. The search covered the period between January 2006 and June 2016. Results From the 115 identified record by the queries, only six systematic reviews were included, following a quality evaluation using AMSTAR...
November 11, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128988/employing-community-voices-informing-practice-and-programming-through-camden-healthy-start-focus-groups
#10
Dianne R Browne, Sherolde Hackett, Allison Burger
Objectives Women living in communities with low-socioeconomic status, substandard healthcare, and ongoing exposure to social disparities encounter barriers to healthcare, often making it difficult to access health services. Barriers may stem from provider interactions with clients, conditions of the healthcare facility, or even language barriers. This prompts a call for providers to be keenly aware of the obstacles women encounter when attempting to access services. Methods In an effort to facilitate better access to services, Camden Healthy Start conducted six focus groups...
November 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128385/the-effectiveness-of-shingles-vaccine-among-albertans-aged-50%C3%A2-years-or-older-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Bruce M McDonald, Douglas C Dover, Kimberley A Simmonds, Christopher A Bell, Lawrence W Svenson, Margaret L Russell
PURPOSE: We assessed the effectiveness of shingles vaccine in preventing incident shingles among Alberta residents aged 50 years or older over the period 2009 - 2015, using administrative health data. METHODS: The cohort comprised of Albertans from the Alberta Health Care Insurance Plan Registry (AHCIP) as of June 30, 2009 and aged 50 years or older. Those who received shingles vaccine were identified from the provincial pharmaceutical information network. The occurrence of incident shingles was identified through both inpatient and outpatients/community care data...
November 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127921/greywater-characterization-and-generation-rates-in-a-peri-urban-municipality-of-a-developing-country
#12
M Oteng-Peprah, N K de Vries, M A Acheampong
The quantity and quality of combined greywater from houses with in-house water supply and houses that rely on external sources of a peri-urban area in a developing country were determined. Data for quantity of greywater was collected from 36 households while 180 samples of greywater were collected from 60 households between December 2016 and February 2017. The results indicate that, average water consumption from households with in-house access was 82.51 ± 12.21 Lc(-1)d(-1) while households which rely on external sources was 36...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127271/whole-grain-consumption-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-results-from-2-prospective-cohort-studies
#13
Juan Juan, Gang Liu, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Kathryn M Rexrode, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Higher intake of whole grains may exert cardiometabolic benefits, although findings on stroke risk are inconclusive. The potentially differential effects of individual whole grain foods on ischemic stroke have not been examined. METHODS: We analyzed whole grain consumption in relation to ischemic stroke among 71 750 women from the Nurses' Health Study and 42 823 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer at baseline (1984 and 1986, respectively) through 2010 using a Cox proportional hazards model...
November 10, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126138/-those-conversations-in-my-experience-don-t-go-well-a-qualitative-study-of-primary-care-provider-experiences-tapering-long-term-opioid-medications
#14
Laura C Kennedy, Ingrid A Binswanger, Shane R Mueller, Cari Levy, Daniel D Matlock, Susan L Calcaterra, Stephen Koester, Joseph W Frank
Objective: Given the risks of long-term opioid therapy, patients may benefit from tapering these medications. There is little evidence to guide providers' approach to this process. We explored primary care providers' experiences discussing and implementing opioid tapering with patients on long-term opioid therapy. Design: Qualitative study using six semistructured, in-person focus groups. Subjects: Primary care providers (N = 40). Setting: Six academically affiliated primary care clinics in university, urban safety net, and Veterans Health Administration medical centers in Colorado...
November 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123433/real-world-practice-patterns-for-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-multicenter-retrospective-cohort-study-in-japan
#15
Hiroshi Isobe, Kiyoshi Mori, Koichi Minato, Hideki Katsura, Kazuko Taniguchi, Ashwini Arunachalam, Smita Kothari, Xiting Cao, Terufumi Kato
Background: Recommended therapies for advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have changed with the advent of targeted therapies. The objectives of this retrospective chart review study were to describe treatment patterns, biomarker testing practices, and health care resource use for advanced NSCLC at 5 sites in Japan. Patients and methods: We studied anonymized medical record data of patients aged ≥18 years who initiated systemic therapy for newly diagnosed stage IIIB or IV NSCLC from January 2011 through June 2013...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121953/risk-of-tuberculosis-among-alabama-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-a-retrospective-study
#16
Matthew L Stoll, James Aaron Grubbs, Timothy Beukelman, Melissa L Mannion, Traci W Jester, Randy Q Cron, Marilyn J Crain
BACKGROUND: Tumor Necrosis Factor inhibitors (TNFi) have dramatically improved the outlook for patients with inflammatory arthritides and bowel disease (IBD), but are associated with increased infection risks, including tuberculosis (TB). Pediatric inflammatory diseases are uncommon, and the risk of TB in children taking TNFi remains unclear. The objective of this study was to report the incidence of TB disease among TNFi recipients at a single pediatric medical center serving most of Alabama compared to that of the general population of Alabama children...
November 9, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120218/addressing-neuroticism-in-psychological-treatment
#17
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Julianne G Wilner, David H Barlow
Neuroticism has long been associated with psychopathology and there is increasing evidence that this trait represents a shared vulnerability responsible for the development and maintenance of a range of common mental disorders. Given that neuroticism may be more malleable than previously thought, targeting this trait in treatment, rather than its specific manifestations (e.g., anxiety, mood, and personality disorders), may represent a more efficient and cost-effective approach to psychological treatment. The goals of the current manuscript are to (a) review the role of neuroticism in the development of common mental disorders, (b) describe the evidence of its malleability, and (c) review interventions that have been explicitly developed to target this trait in treatment...
July 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120209/the-role-of-personality-traits-and-barriers-to-mental-health-treatment-seeking-among-college-students
#18
Kristen S Jennings, Kandice N Goguen, Thomas W Britt, Stephanie M Jeffirs, Jack R Wilkes, Ashley R Brady, Rebecca A Pittman, Danielle J DiMuzio
Many college students experience a mental health problem yet do not seek treatment from a mental health professional. In the present study, we examined how perceived barriers (stigma perceptions, negative attitudes about treatment, and perceptions of practical barriers), as well as the Big Five personality traits, relate to treatment seeking among college students reporting a current mental health problem. The sample consisted of 261 college students, 115 of which reported experiencing a current problem. Results of a series of logistic regressions revealed that perceived stigma from others (OR = ...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120207/stigma-mental-health-and-counseling-service-use-a-person-centered-approach-to-mental-health-stigma-profiles
#19
Ivan H C Wu, Geoff J Bathje, Zornitsa Kalibatseva, DukHae Sung, Frederick T L Leong, Jan Collins-Eaglin
The current study examined reports of stigma toward mental health services, depressive symptoms, flourishing, and mental health service use among a sample of 8,285 college students across the United States who completed the Healthy Minds Study. The study aimed to: (a) identify profiles of public and personal stigma against mental health service utilization, and (b) examine the demographic predictors of stigma group membership and mental health service utilization. Latent profile analyses revealed 3 distinct groups based on public and self-stigma (i...
November 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118683/the-e-health-literacy-demands-of-australia-s-my-health-record-a-heuristic-evaluation-of-usability
#20
Louisa Walsh, Bronwyn Hemsley, Meredith Allan, Natalie Adams, Susan Balandin, Andrew Georgiou, Isabel Higgins, Shaun McCarthy, Sophie Hill
Background: My Health Record is Australia's electronic personal health record system, which was introduced in July 2012. As of August 2017, approximately 21 percent of Australia's total population was registered to use My Health Record. Internationally, usability issues have been shown to negatively influence the uptake and use of electronic health record systems, and this scenario may particularly affect people who have low e-health literacy. It is likely that usability issues are negatively affecting the uptake and use of My Health Record in Australia...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
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