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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356061/cohort-study-from-11-european-countries-highlighted-differences-in-the-use-and-efficacy-of-hypothermia-prevention-strategies-after-very-preterm-birth
#1
Emilija Wilson, Jennifer Zeitlin, Aurélie Piedvache, Bjoern Misselwitz, Kyllike Christensson, Rolf F Maier, Mikael Norman, Anna-Karin Edstedt Bonamy
AIM: This study investigated the different strategies used in 11 European countries to prevent hypothermia, which continues to affect a large proportion of preterm births in the region. METHODS: We examined the association between the reported use of hypothermia prevention strategies in delivery rooms and body temperatures on admission to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 5,861 infants born at 22+0 - 31+6 weeks of gestation. The use of plastic bags, wraps, caps, exothermic heat and mattresses was investigated...
January 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354501/predicting-success-after-artificial-urinary-sphincter-which-preoperative-factors-drive-patient-satisfaction-postoperatively
#2
Nathan Chertack, Bradley C Gill, Kenneth W Angermeier, Drogo K Montague, Hadley M Wood
Background: To determine which preoperative factors drive patient-reported quality of life (QoL) after artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) implantation. Methods: Men receiving AUS after prostate cancer treatment were identified from a prospectively collected dataset. Preoperative factors were recorded during the initial incontinence consultation. Patients underwent urodynamic testing (UDS) preoperatively at surgeon discretion. Patients were surveyed by telephone postoperatively and given the EPIC Urinary Domain (EPIC-UD) and Urinary Distress Inventory (UDI-6) questionnaires...
December 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353260/wide-variation-in-severe-neonatal-morbidity-among-very-preterm-infants-in-european-regions
#3
Anna Karin Edstedt Bonamy, Jennifer Zeitlin, Aurélie Piedvache, Rolf F Maier, Arno van Heijst, Heili Varendi, Bradley N Manktelow, Alan Fenton, Jan Mazela, Marina Cuttini, Mikael Norman, Stavros Petrou, Patrick Van Reempts, Henrique Barros, Elizabeth S Draper
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the variation in severe neonatal morbidity among very preterm (VPT) infants across European regions and whether morbidity rates are higher in regions with low compared with high mortality rates. DESIGN: Area-based cohort study of all births before 32 weeks of gestational age. SETTING: 16 regions in 11 European countries in 2011/2012. PATIENTS: Survivors to discharge from neonatal care (n=6422)...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352701/bailout-surgical-explantation-of-a-transcatheter-valve-in-valve-for-subacute-thrombosis-when-there-is-no-time-for-anticoagulation-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Francesco Notaristefano, Matteo Rocco Reccia, Salvatore Notaristefano, Roberto Annunziata, Rocco Sclafani, Giuseppe Ambrosio, Claudio Cavallini
Trancatheter heart valve (THV) thrombosis is effectively treated with anticoagulation but alternative therapies are required when a faster gradient reduction is needed. Open heart surgery has been rarely performed due to the high perioperative mortality and only five cases have been described so far. Here we describe a case of emergent surgical explantation for THV thrombosis after a valve-in-valve. A 67years old man underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation for a failed surgical bioprosthesis Epic 21mm (St...
December 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348490/robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-vs-laparoscopic-and-open-retropubic-radical-prostatectomy-functional-outcomes-18-months-after-diagnosis-from-a-national-cohort-study-in-england
#5
Julie Nossiter, Arunan Sujenthiran, Susan C Charman, Paul J Cathcart, Ajay Aggarwal, Heather Payne, Noel W Clarke, Jan van der Meulen
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has been rapidly adopted without robust evidence comparing its functional outcomes against laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) or open retropubic radical prostatectomy (ORP) approaches. This study compared patient-reported functional outcomes following RARP, LRP or ORP. METHODS: All men diagnosed with prostate cancer in England during April - October 2014 who underwent radical prostatectomy were identified from the National Prostate Cancer Audit and mailed a questionnaire 18 months after diagnosis...
January 18, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342250/pneumococcal-community-acquired-pneumonia-detected-by-serotype-specific-urinary-antigen-detection-assays
#6
Richard G Wunderink, Wesley H Self, Evan J Anderson, Robert Balk, Sherene Fakhran, Daniel Mark Courtney, Chao Qi, Derek J Williams, Yuwei Zhu, Cynthia G Whitney, Matthew R Moore, Anna Bramley, Seema Jain, Kathryn M Edwards, Carlos G Grijalva
Background: Streptococcus pneumoniae is considered the leading bacterial cause of pneumonia in adults. Yet, it was not commonly detected by traditional culture-based and conventional urinary testing in a recent multicenter etiology study of adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We used novel serotype-specific urinary antigen detection (SSUAD) assays to determine whether pneumococcal cases were missed by traditional testing. Methods: We studied adult patients hospitalized with CAP at 5 hospitals in Chicago and Nashville (2010-2012) and enrolled in the Etiology of Pneumonia in the Community (EPIC) study...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319766/epic-trial-education-programme-impact-on-serum-phosphorous-control-in-ckd-5d-patients-on-hemodialysis
#7
Carmen Tzanno Branco Martins, Bárbara Margareth Menardi Biavo, Clarissa Baia Bargas Uezima, Jacqueline Alves Pereira Dos Santos, Camila Machado de Barros, Elzo Ribeiro Júnior, Paul Clesca Troconis, Cristoforo Scavone, Marcus Vinicius de Souza João Luiz
INTRODUCTION: In stage 5D chronic kidney disease (CKD 5D) patients, the encouragement of treatment adherence by health professionals is a significant clinical challenge. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact of a nutritional education programme on hyperphosphatemia, utilizing the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TMBC). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective interventional study comprising 179 CKD 5D patients with hypophosphatemia...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318403/accordance-to-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-pattern-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-british-population-based-cohort
#8
Nicholas R V Jones, Nita G Forouhi, Kay-Tee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Pablo Monsivais
The dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet could be an important population-level strategy to reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the UK, but there is little UK-based evidence on this diet pattern in relation to CVD risk. We tested whether dietary accordance with DASH was associated with risk of CVD in a population-based sample of 23,655 UK adults. This prospective analysis of the EPIC-Norfolk cohort study analysed dietary intake (assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire) to measure accordance with DASH, based on intakes of eight food groups and nutrients, ranking the sample into quintiles...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310978/bowel-and-urinary-quality-of-life-after-whole-pelvic-versus-prostate-only-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#9
Kentaro Ishii, Toshiko Yamanaga, Ryo Ogino, Yukinari Hosokawa, Shun Kishimoto, Ryuta Nakahara, Chiaki Shimada, Ryu Kawamorita, Takuhito Tada, Yoshiki Hayashi, Toshifumi Nakajima
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare bowel and urinary health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between prostate-only (PO) volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and whole-pelvis (WP) VMAT in patients with localized prostate cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 234 patients treated with definitive VMAT to 78 Gy in 39 fractions were enrolled. Of these, 108 patients received PO-VMAT and 126 patients received initial WP-VMAT to 46.8 Gy in 26 fractions using a simultaneous integrated boost technique...
November 5, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307684/development-of-a-nationally-representative-coordinated-registry-network-for-prostate-ablation-technologies
#10
Ron Golan, Adrien Bernstein, Art Sedrakyan, Timothy J Daskivich, Dongyi T Du, Behfar Ehdaie, Benjamin Fisher, Michael A Gorin, Ivan Grunberger, Bradley Hunt, Hongying H Jiang, Hyung L Kim, Danica Marinac-Dabic, Leonard S Marks, Timothy D McClure, Jeffrey S Montgomery, Dipen J Parekh, Sanoj Punnen, Stephen Scionti, Charles J Viviano, John T Wei, Sven Wenske, James S Wysock, John Rewcastle, Mark Carol, Marc Oczachowski, Jim C Hu
BACKGROUND: The accumulation of data through a prospective, multi-center coordinated registry network (CRN) is a practical way to gather real world evidence on the performance of novel prostate ablation technologies. Urologic oncologists, targeted biopsy experts, industry representatives, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) convened to discuss the role, feasibility, and important data elements of a CRN to assess new and existing prostate ablation technologies. METHODS: A multi-round Delphi consensus approach was performed which included the opinion of 15 expert urologists, representatives of the FDA and leadership from HIFU device manufacturers...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306958/case-control-study-of-endoscopic-polypectomy-in-clinic-epic-versus-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-polyps
#11
S J Kilty, A Lasso, L Mfuna-Endam, M Y Desrosiers
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic Polypectomy In Clinic (EPIC) is a recently described deescalated form of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) performed in the outpatient clinic for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with polyps (CRSwNP). The quality of life benefit of EPIC in comparison to ESS is not known. The purpose of this study was to determine if the disease specific quality of life measured with the SNOT-22 attained with EPIC is similar to that attained with ESS for patients with CRSwNP. METHODS: A multi-institutional observational case-control study was performed to evaluate quality of life improvement in patients treated with ESS and EPIC for CRSwNP with a 3 month follow-up...
January 7, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304808/prospective-longitudinal-outcomes-of-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-compared-with-retropubic-radical-prostatectomy
#12
Katsuyoshi Hashine, Toshio Kakuda, Shunsuke Iuchi, Tadanori Hosokawa, Iku Ninomiya
BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in Japanese patients. The aim of this study is to assess changes in HRQOL during 36 months after LRP compared with retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). METHODS: The subjects were 105 consecutive patients treated with LRP between 2011 and 2012. HRQOL was evaluated using the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Medical Outcome Study 8-Items Short Form Health Survey (SF-8), and Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) at baseline and 1, 3, 6, 12 and 36 months after surgery...
January 5, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303691/early-preparation-and-inspiration-for-stem-careers-preliminary-report-of-the-epidemiology-challenge-randomized-intervention-2014-2015
#13
Robin Taylor Wilson, Emma Watson, Mark Kaelin, Wendy Huebner
OBJECTIVES: Early Preparation and Inspiration for Careers in the Biomedical Sciences (EPIC) is a university-high school partnership for increasing high school student interest and persistence in the biomedical sciences. EPIC includes a year-long, project-based learning intervention, the Think Like an Epidemiologist Challenge (Epi Challenge). We describe the main components of the Epi Challenge and report on short-term changes in scientific literacy and science-related motivations and beliefs...
January 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302120/a-dedicated-perfusion-electronic-medical-record-with-discrete-epic-integration
#14
James A Reagor
Enterprise electronic medical records (EMR) have largely become a standard since their use was mandated by The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. However, perfusion departments have adopted true perfusion EMRs at various rates. In our efforts to integrate with the institutions EMR while enjoying the benefits of an EMR designed specifically for perfusion practice, we developed a discrete data integration solution between Epic and the Spectrum Medical VIPER Perfusion EMR. This report describes our perfusion EMR selection criteria, design challenges, and documentation process...
December 2017: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300725/association-between-intake-of-less-healthy-foods-defined-by-the-united-kingdom-s-nutrient-profile-model-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Oliver T Mytton, Nita G Forouhi, Peter Scarborough, Marleen Lentjes, Robert Luben, Mike Rayner, Kay Tee Khaw, Nicholas J Wareham, Pablo Monsivais
BACKGROUND: In the United Kingdom, the Food Standards Agency-Ofcom nutrient profiling model (FSA-Ofcom model) is used to define less-healthy foods that cannot be advertised to children. However, there has been limited investigation of whether less-healthy foods defined by this model are associated with prospective health outcomes. The objective of this study was to test whether consumption of less-healthy food as defined by the FSA-Ofcom model is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298473/urinary-incontinence-85-an-expanded-prostate-cancer-composite-epic-score-cutoff-value-for-urinary-incontinence-determined-using-long-term-functional-data-by-repeated-prospective-epic-score-self-assessment-after-radical-prostatectomy
#16
Karolin Bossert, Venkat M Ramakrishnan, Burkhardt Seifert, Kurt Lehmann, Lukas J Hefermehl
PURPOSE: To determine an objective cutoff value (COV) for urinary incontinence (UI) using the Expanded Prostate Cancer Composite (EPIC) score after radical prostatectomy (RP). METHODS: From 2004-2013, all RP patients at our institution completed the EPIC urinary domain (EPIC-UD) questionnaire preoperatively and 6 weeks; 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18 months postoperatively; and yearly thereafter. The EPIC-UD is composed of several questions, 4 of which address UI qualitatively (EPIC-UI)...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288122/worse-urinary-sexual-and-bowel-function-cause-emotional-distress-and-vice-versa-in-men-treated-for-prostate-cancer
#17
Heather Orom, Caitlin Biddle, Willie Underwood, Christian J Nelson
PURPOSE: Definitive therapy for prostate cancer (e.g., surgery, radiotherapy) often has side effects, including urinary, sexual, and bowel dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to test whether urinary, sexual, and bowel function contribute to emotional distress during the first two years post treatment, and whether distress may, in turn, decrease function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were 1,148 men diagnosed with clinically localized disease who were treated with either surgery (63%) or radiotherapy (37%)...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284719/cross-sectional-analyses-of-participation-in-cancer-screening-and-use-of-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-medications-in-meat-eaters-and-vegetarians-the-epic-oxford-study
#18
Tammy Y N Tong, Paul N Appleby, Kathryn E Bradbury, Timothy J Key
OBJECTIVES: To examine differences in health-related behaviours such as screening or testing for cancer, use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and use of other medications in different diet groups. DESIGN: We studied 31 260 participants across four diet groups (18 155 meat eaters, 5012 fish eaters, 7179 vegetarians, 914 vegans) in the UK EPIC-Oxford cohort. Information was collected in 5-year (around 2000-2003) or 10-year (around 2007) follow-up questionnaires regarding participation in breast screening, cervical screening, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, use of HRT and use of medications for the past 4 weeks...
December 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284660/the-modern-resource-genome-wide-binding-profiles-for-hundreds-of-drosophila-and-caenorhabditis-elegans-transcription-factors
#19
Michelle M Kudron, Alec Victorsen, Louis Gevirtzman, LaDeana W Hillier, William W Fisher, Dionne Vafeados, Matt Kirkey, Ann S Hammonds, Jeffery Gersch, Haneen Ammouri, Martha L Wall, Jennifer Moran, David Steffen, Matt Szynkarek, Samantha Seabrook-Sturgis, Nader Jameel, Madhura Kadaba, Jaeda Patton, Robert Terrell, Mitch Corson, Timothy J Durham, Soo Park, Swapna Samanta, Mei Han, Jinrui Xu, Koon-Kiu Yan, Susan E Celniker, Kevin P White, Lijia Ma, Mark Gerstein, Valerie Reinke, Robert Waterston
In order to develop a catalog of regulatory sites in two major model organisms, Drosophilia melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans, the modERN consortium has systematically assayed the binding sites of transcription factors (TFs). Combined with data produced by our predecessor, modENCODE, we now have data for 262 TFs identifying 1.23M sites in the fly genome and 217 TFs identifying 0.67M sites in the worm genome. Because sites from different TFs are often overlapping and tightly clustered, they fall into 91,011 and 59,150 regions in the fly and worm, respectively, and these binding sites span as little as 8...
December 28, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284189/underestimation-of-n2-o-emissions-in-a-comparison-of-the-daycent-dndc-and-epic-models
#20
Richard K Gaillard, Curtis D Jones, Pete Ingraham, Sarah Collier, Roberto Cesar Izaurralde, William Jokela, William Osterholz, William Salas, Peter Vadas, Matthew Ruark
Process-based models are increasingly used to study agroecosystem interactions and N2 O emissions from agricultural fields. The widespread use of these models to conduct research and inform policy benefits from periodic model comparisons that assess the state of agroecosystem modeling and indicate areas for model improvement. This work provides an evaluation of simulated N2 O flux from three process-based models: DayCent, DNDC, and EPIC. The models were calibrated and validated using data collected from two research sites over five years that represent cropping systems and nitrogen fertilizer management strategies common to dairy cropping systems...
December 28, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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