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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454025/review-and-analysis-of-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-agro-ecosystem-models-for-simulating-c-and-n-fluxes
#1
REVIEW
Lorenzo Brilli, Luca Bechini, Marco Bindi, Marco Carozzi, Daniele Cavalli, Richard Conant, Cristopher D Dorich, Luca Doro, Fiona Ehrhardt, Roberta Farina, Roberto Ferrise, Nuala Fitton, Rosa Francaviglia, Peter Grace, Ileana Iocola, Katja Klumpp, Joël Léonard, Raphaël Martin, Raia Silvia Massad, Sylvie Recous, Giovanna Seddaiu, Joanna Sharp, Pete Smith, Ward N Smith, Jean-Francois Soussana, Gianni Bellocchi
Biogeochemical simulation models are important tools for describing and quantifying the contribution of agricultural systems to C sequestration and GHG source/sink status. The abundance of simulation tools developed over recent decades, however, creates a difficulty because predictions from different models show large variability. Discrepancies between the conclusions of different modelling studies are often ascribed to differences in the physical and biogeochemical processes incorporated in equations of C and N cycles and their interactions...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448500/genome-wide-physical-activity-interactions-in-adiposity-a-meta-analysis-of-200-452-adults
#2
Mariaelisa Graff, Robert A Scott, Anne E Justice, Kristin L Young, Mary F Feitosa, Llilda Barata, Thomas W Winkler, Audrey Y Chu, Anubha Mahajan, David Hadley, Luting Xue, Tsegaselassie Workalemahu, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Marcel den Hoed, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Qibin Qi, Julius S Ngwa, Frida Renström, Lydia Quaye, John D Eicher, James E Hayes, Marilyn Cornelis, Zoltan Kutalik, Elise Lim, Jian'an Luan, Jennifer E Huffman, Weihua Zhang, Wei Zhao, Paula J Griffin, Toomas Haller, Shafqat Ahmad, Pedro M Marques-Vidal, Stephanie Bien, Loic Yengo, Alexander Teumer, Albert Vernon Smith, Meena Kumari, Marie Neergaard Harder, Johanne Marie Justesen, Marcus E Kleber, Mette Hollensted, Kurt Lohman, Natalia V Rivera, John B Whitfield, Jing Hua Zhao, Heather M Stringham, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Charlotte Huppertz, Gonneke Willemsen, Wouter J Peyrot, Ying Wu, Kati Kristiansson, Ayse Demirkan, Myriam Fornage, Maija Hassinen, Lawrence F Bielak, Gemma Cadby, Toshiko Tanaka, Reedik Mägi, Peter J van der Most, Anne U Jackson, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Veronique Vitart, Jonathan Marten, Pau Navarro, Claire Bellis, Dorota Pasko, Åsa Johansson, Søren Snitker, Yu-Ching Cheng, Joel Eriksson, Unhee Lim, Mette Aadahl, Linda S Adair, Najaf Amin, Beverley Balkau, Juha Auvinen, John Beilby, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Alain G Bertoni, John Blangero, Amélie Bonnefond, Lori L Bonnycastle, Judith B Borja, Søren Brage, Fabio Busonero, Steve Buyske, Harry Campbell, Peter S Chines, Francis S Collins, Tanguy Corre, George Davey Smith, Graciela E Delgado, Nicole Dueker, Marcus Dörr, Tapani Ebeling, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tõnu Esko, Jessica D Faul, Mao Fu, Kristine Færch, Christian Gieger, Sven Gläser, Jian Gong, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Harald Grallert, Tanja B Grammer, Niels Grarup, Gerard van Grootheest, Kennet Harald, Nicholas D Hastie, Aki S Havulinna, Dena Hernandez, Lucia Hindorff, Lynne J Hocking, Oddgeir L Holmens, Christina Holzapfel, Jouke Jan Hottenga, Jie Huang, Tao Huang, Jennie Hui, Cornelia Huth, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Alan L James, John-Olov Jansson, Min A Jhun, Markus Juonala, Leena Kinnunen, Heikki A Koistinen, Ivana Kolcic, Pirjo Komulainen, Johanna Kuusisto, Kirsti Kvaløy, Mika Kähönen, Timo A Lakka, Lenore J Launer, Benjamin Lehne, Cecilia M Lindgren, Mattias Lorentzon, Robert Luben, Michel Marre, Yuri Milaneschi, Keri L Monda, Grant W Montgomery, Marleen H M De Moor, Antonella Mulas, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, A W Musk, Reija Männikkö, Satu Männistö, Narisu Narisu, Matthias Nauck, Jennifer A Nettleton, Ilja M Nolte, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Matthias Olden, Ken K Ong, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Lavinia Paternoster, Jeremiah Perez, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ulrike Peters, Patricia A Peyser, Inga Prokopenko, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Rajesh Rawal, Paul M Ridker, Lynda M Rose, Igor Rudan, Cinzia Sarti, Mark A Sarzynski, Kai Savonen, William R Scott, Serena Sanna, Alan R Shuldiner, Steve Sidney, Günther Silbernagel, Blair H Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Harold Snieder, Alena Stančáková, Barbara Sternfeld, Amy J Swift, Tuija Tammelin, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Dorothée Thuillier, Liesbeth Vandenput, Henrik Vestergaard, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Marie-Claude Vohl, Uwe Völker, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Sarah Wild, Andrew Wong, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Niha Zubair, Christopher A Haiman, Loic Lemarchand, Ulf Gyllensten, Claes Ohlsson, Albert Hofman, Fernando Rivadeneira, André G Uitterlinden, Louis Pérusse, James F Wilson, Caroline Hayward, Ozren Polasek, Francesco Cucca, Kristian Hveem, Catharina A Hartman, Anke Tönjes, Stefania Bandinelli, Lyle J Palmer, Sharon L R Kardia, Rainer Rauramaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Veikko Salomaa, Brenda W J H Penninx, Eco J C de Geus, Dorret I Boomsma, Terho Lehtimäki, Massimo Mangino, Markku Laakso, Claude Bouchard, Nicholas G Martin, Diana Kuh, Yongmei Liu, Allan Linneberg, Winfried März, Konstantin Strauch, Mika Kivimäki, Tamara B Harris, Vilmundur Gudnason, Henry Völzke, Lu Qi, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, John C Chambers, Jaspal S Kooner, Philippe Froguel, Charles Kooperberg, Peter Vollenweider, Göran Hallmans, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andres Metspalu, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, David R Weir, David J Porteous, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Inês Barroso, Mark I McCarthy, Timothy M Frayling, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Cornelia M van Duijn, Michael Boehnke, Iris M Heid, Karen L Mohlke, David P Strachan, Caroline S Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Joel N Hirschhorn, Robert J Klein, Andrew D Johnson, Ingrid B Borecki, Paul W Franks, Kari E North, L Adrienne Cupples, Ruth J F Loos, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen
Physical activity (PA) may modify the genetic effects that give rise to increased risk of obesity. To identify adiposity loci whose effects are modified by PA, we performed genome-wide interaction meta-analyses of BMI and BMI-adjusted waist circumference and waist-hip ratio from up to 200,452 adults of European (n = 180,423) or other ancestry (n = 20,029). We standardized PA by categorizing it into a dichotomous variable where, on average, 23% of participants were categorized as inactive and 77% as physically active...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440540/corticosteroids-and-hip-fracture-risk-in-elderly-respiratory-patients-epic-greece-cohort
#3
Anna Karakatsani, Michail Katsoulis, Eleni Klinaki, Antonia Trichopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438583/psychometric-assessment-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-abbreviated-expanded-prostate-cancer-index-composite-epic-26-and-the-clinical-practice-version-epic-cp-in-chinese-men-with-prostate-cancer
#4
Wendy Wt Lam, Michael A Tse, Chris Nl Ng, Edward Km Chung, Richard Fielding
PURPOSE: The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) instrument was designed to assess a range of health-related quality of life issues specifically relevant to patients with prostate cancer. This study examined the validity and reliability of Chinese versions of the 26-item EPIC and of the 16-item EPIC for clinical practice (EPIC-CP) in Chinese patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Chinese version of the 26-item EPIC and the 16-item EPIC-CP were self-completed by 252 Chinese patients with prostate cancer who were recruited from three community-based cancer service centres...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438034/changes-in-physical-activity-following-total-hip-or-knee-arthroplasty-a-matched-case-control-study-from-the-epic-norfolk-cohort
#5
Toby Smith, Thomas Withers, Robert Luben, Catherine Sackley, Andy Jones, Alex MacGregor
OBJECTIVE: To assess self-reported physical activity changes pre- compared to post-operatively in patients undergoing total hip or knee arthroplasty, and to compare this to an age- and gender-matched cohort of people who have not undergone arthroplasty. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Norfolk, United Kingdom. SUBJECTS: People who had undergone hip or knee arthroplasty, compared to an age- and gender-matched non-arthroplasty cohort...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437031/patient-reported-outcome-pro-questionnaires-for-men-who-have-radical-surgery-for-prostate-cancer-a-conceptual-review-of-existing-instruments
#6
REVIEW
Evangelia Protopapa, Jan van der Meulen, Caroline M Moore, Sarah C Smith
OBJECTIVES: To critically review conceptual frameworks for available patient reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires in men having radical prostatectomy; psychometrically evaluate each questionnaire; identify whether each is appropriate for use at the level of the individual patient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, the Reports and Publications database of the University of Oxford Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Group and the website of the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) for psychometric reviews of prostate cancer specific PRO questionnaires...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436359/robotic-prostatectomy-versus-brachytherapy-for-the-treatment-of-low-risk-prostate-cancer
#7
Claudio Giberti, Fabrizio Gallo, Maurizio Schenone, Emilio Gastaldi, Pierluigi Cortese, Gaetano Ninotta, Davide Becco
INTRODUCTION: To compare oncological and functional results of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and brachytherapy (BT) with a single-center prospective randomized study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2014, 165 patients with low risk prostate cancer, prostate volume ≤ 50 g, normal urinary (IPSS ≤ 7 and mean flow rate ≥ 15 mL/sec) and erectile functions (IIEF-5 > 17) were enrolled and randomly assigned to the RARP or BT group...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434538/thinking-locally-environmental-reconstruction-of-middle-and-later-stone-age-archaeological-sites-in-ethiopia-kenya-and-zambia-based-on-ungulate-stable-isotopes
#8
Joshua R Robinson
Our knowledge of the Pleistocene environments of Africa consists primarily of data at a scale too coarse to capture the full habitat variation important to hominins 'on the ground.' These environments are complex, highly variable, and poorly understood. As such, data from individual sites are a needed addition to our current paleoenvironmental reconstructions. This study offers a site-based approach focusing on stable isotope analyses of fossil faunal tooth enamel from three archaeological sites in tropical Africa...
May 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431419/creation-and-validation-of-an-automated-algorithm-to-determine-postoperative-ventilator-requirements-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Eilon Gabel, Ira S Hofer, Nancy Satou, Tristan Grogan, Richard Shemin, Aman Mahajan, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: In medical practice today, clinical data registries have become a powerful tool for measuring and driving quality improvement, especially among multicenter projects. Registries face the known problem of trying to create dependable and clear metrics from electronic medical records data, which are typically scattered and often based on unreliable data sources. The Society for Thoracic Surgery (STS) is one such example, and it supports manually collected data by trained clinical staff in an effort to obtain the highest-fidelity data possible...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425193/health-related-quality-of-life-outcomes-from-a-contemporary-prostate-cancer-registry-in-a-large-diverse-population
#10
Gary W Chien, Jeff M Slezak, Teresa N Harrison, Howard Jung, Joy S Gelfond, Chengyi Zhang, Edward Wu, Richard Contreras, Ronald K Loo, Steven J Jacobsen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with prostate cancer up to 24 months after treatment in a contemporary large diverse population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer from March 2011 to January 2014 in our healthcare system were included. The Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC-26) questionnaire was administered before treatment, and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after treatment up to November 2014 for all methods of treatment...
April 19, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423572/acceleration-of-leukocytes-epigenetic-age-as-an-early-tumor-and-sex-specific-marker-of-breast-and-colorectal-cancer
#11
Danielle Fernandes Durso, Maria Giulia Bacalini, Claudia Sala, Chiara Pirazzini, Elena Marasco, Massimiliano Bonafé, Ítalo Faria do Valle, Davide Gentilini, Gastone Castellani, Ana Maria Caetano Faria, Claudio Franceschi, Paolo Garagnani, Christine Nardini
Changes in blood epigenetic age have been associated with several pathological conditions and have recently been described to anticipate cancer development. In this work, we analyze a publicly available leukocytes methylation dataset to evaluate the relation between DNA methylation age and the prospective development of specific types of cancer. We calculated DNA methylation age acceleration using five state-of-the-art estimators (three multi-site: Horvath, Hannum, Weidner; and two CpG specific: ELOV2 and FHL2) in a cohort including 845 subjects from the EPIC-Italy project and we compared 424 samples that remained cancer-free over the approximately ten years of follow-up with 235 and 166 subjects who developed breast and colorectal cancer, respectively...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423156/creation-of-an-internal-teledermatology-store-and-forward-system-in-an-existing-electronic-health-record-a-pilot-study-in-a-safety-net-public-health-and-hospital-system
#12
Zachary A Carter, Shauna Goldman, Kristen Anderson, Xiaxiao Li, Linda S Hynan, Benjamin F Chong, Arturo R Dominguez
Importance: External store-and-forward (SAF) teledermatology systems operate separately from the primary health record and have many limitations, including care fragmentation, inadequate communication among clinicians, and privacy and security concerns, among others. Development of internal SAF workflows within existing electronic health records (EHRs) should be the standard for large health care organizations for delivering high-quality dermatologic care, improving access, and capturing other telemedicine benchmark data...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419475/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-epic
#13
Aurora Perez-Cornago, Ruth C Travis, Paul N Appleby, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Verena Katzke, Tilman Kühn, Antonia Trichopoulou, Eleni Peppa, Maria Kritikou, Sabina Sieri, Domenico Palli, Carlotta Sacerdote, Rosario Tumino, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Antonio Agudo, Nerea Larrañaga, Elena Molina-Portillo, Eva Ardanaz, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, Cristina Lasheras, Pär Stattin, Maria Wennberg, Isabel Drake, Johan Malm, Julie A Schmidt, Kay-Tee Khaw, Marc Gunter, Heinz Freisling, Inge Huybrechts, Dagfinn Aune, Amanda J Cross, Elio Riboli, Timothy J Key
Several dietary factors have been studied in relation to prostate cancer; however, most studies have not reported on subtypes of fruit and vegetables or tumor characteristics, and results obtained so far are inconclusive. This study aimed to examine the prospective association of total and subtypes of fruit and vegetable intake with the incidence of prostate cancer overall, by grade and stage of disease, and prostate cancer death. Lifestyle information for 142,239 men participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition from 8 European countries was collected at baseline...
April 17, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417243/criterion-related-validity-of-self-reported-stair-climbing-in-older-adults
#14
Sara Higueras-Fresnillo, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Pablo Gasque, Oscar L Veiga, David Martinez-Gomez
INTRODUCTION: Stair climbing is an activity of daily living that might contribute to increase levels of physical activity (PA). To date, there is no study examining the validity of climbing stairs assessed by self-report. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the validity of estimated stair climbing from one question included in a common questionnaire compared to a pattern-recognition activity monitor in older adults. METHODS: A total of 138 older adults (94 women), aged 65-86 years (70...
April 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#15
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414247/preoperative-sexual-status-of-japanese-localized-prostate-cancer-patients-comparison-of-sexual-activity-and-epic-scores
#16
Hisanori Taniguchi, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Yuya Koito, Masaaki Yanishi, Makoto Taguchi, Takao Mishima, Kenji Yoshida, Yoshihiro Komai, Kaneki Yasuda, Masato Watanabe, Motohiko Sugi, Tadashi Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between sexual activity and sexual function using questionnaires distributed to middle-aged Japanese patients with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: A total of 145 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy were enrolled in the survey reported on herein. Sexual activity and sexual function were investigated via the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) and an original self-reported questionnaire...
April 17, 2017: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412047/patient-reported-quality-of-life-after-proton-beam-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-the-effect-of%C3%A2-prostate-size
#17
Anuj Goenka, Neil B Newman, Hiral Fontanilla, Oren Cahlon, Brian Chon, Henry Tsai, Eugen Hug, Carl Brown, Carlos Vargas, Rahul R Parikh
BACKGROUND: In the present study, we assessed the effect of prostate gland size on patient-assessed genitourinary and gastrointestinal (GI) quality of life (QOL) after definitive treatment of prostate adenocarcinoma with proton beam therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As a part of a prospective outcome tracking protocol, 81 patients treated at a single center between with proton beam therapy completed the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC) questionnaire before treatment and at the follow-up examinations...
March 18, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409495/antiplatelet-and-anti-proliferative-action-of-disintegrin-from-echis-multisquamatis-snake-venom
#18
Volodymyr Chernyshenko, Natalia Petruk, Darya Korolova, Ludmila Kasatkina, Olha Gornytska, Tetyana Platonova, Tamara Chernyshenko, Andriy Rebriev, Olena Dzhus, Liudmyla Garmanchuk, Eduard Lugovskoy
AIM: To purify the platelet aggregation inhibitor from Echis multisquamatis snake venom (PAIEM) and characterize its effect on platelet aggregation and HeLa cell proliferation. METHODS: Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) were used for PAIEM identification. Platelet aggregation in the presence of PAIEM was studied on aggregometer Solar-AP2110. The changes of shape and granularity of platelets in the presence of PAIEM were studied on flow cytometer COULTER EPICS XL, and degranulation of platelets was estimated using spectrofluorimetry...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409278/moderate-alcohol-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-chronic-disease-burden-expressed-in-disability-adjusted-life-years-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Joline W J Beulens, Heidi P Fransen, Ellen A Struijk, Jolanda M A Boer, G Ardine de Wit, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Jeljer Hoekstra, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
The relation of alcohol consumption with disease burden remains debated partly due to opposite associations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer. The relation of alcohol consumption with disease burden expressed in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) summarizes opposing associations of alcohol consumption on chronic diseases. This study aimed to investigate the association of alcohol consumption with chronic disease burden expressed in DALYs based on individual-participant data. The study was a prospective study among 33,066 men and women from the EPIC-NL cohort...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403081/evaluation-of-extrapancreatic-inflammation-on-abdominal-computed-tomography-as-an-early-predictor-of-organ-failure-in-acute-pancreatitis-as-defined-by-the-revised-atlanta-classification
#20
Chenyang Chen, Zixing Huang, Hang Li, Bin Song, Fang Yuan
The aim of the study was to determine whether extrapancreatic inflammation on computed tomography (EPIC) is helpful in predicting organ failure in the early phase of acute pancreatitis (AP) as defined by the 2012 revised Atlanta classification.Patients (n = 208) who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) within 24 hours after AP onset and admission were retrospectively identified. Each patient's EPIC score, Balthazar score, bedside index of severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP), and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) score were obtained...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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