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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036839/stroke-and-sexual-functioning-a-literature-review
#1
Anabelle Grenier-Genest, Marina Gérard, Frédérique Courtois
BACKGROUND: Stroke has multiple impacts on patients' sexual functioning, be it directly caused by the neurological lesion (s) or indirectly triggered via other psychophysiological processes. Despite a growing number of publications, sexuality is still rarely addressed in the stroke literature - yet, patients have indicated their need for sexual rehabilitation services. OBJECTIVE: To provide a literature review on post-stroke sexual functioning as well as available rehabilitation programs targeting patients' sexuality...
October 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034375/extracting-drug-drug-interactions-with-word-and-character-level-recurrent-neural-networks
#2
Ramakanth Kavuluru, Anthony Rios, Tung Tran
Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) are known to be responsible for nearly a third of all adverse drug reactions. Hence several current efforts focus on extracting signal from EMRs to prioritize DDIs that need further exploration. To this end, being able to extract explicit mentions of DDIs in free text narratives is an important task. In this paper, we explore recurrent neural network (RNN) architectures to detect and classify DDIs from unstructured text using the DDIExtraction dataset from the SemEval 2013 (task 9) shared task...
August 2017: IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics IEEE International Conference on Healthcare Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033877/music-interventions-and-child-development-a-critical-review-and-further-directions
#3
REVIEW
Elisabeth Dumont, Elena V Syurina, Frans J M Feron, Susan van Hooren
Research on the impact of music interventions has indicated positive effects on a variety of skills. These findings suggest musical interventions may have further potential to support educational processes and development of children. This paper reviews the latest evidence on the effect of musical interventions on the development of primary school-aged children. Four electronic databases were searched from January 2010 through June 2016 using music, music instruction, music education, music lesson, music training, development, child, student, and pupil as key words for the search...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033869/bilinguals-plausibility-judgments-for-phrases-with-a-literal-vs-non-literal-meaning-the-influence-of-language-brokering-experience
#4
Belem G López, Jyotsna Vaid, Sümeyra Tosun, Chaitra Rao
Previous work has shown that prior experience in language brokering (informal translation) may facilitate the processing of meaning within and across language boundaries. The present investigation examined the influence of brokering on bilinguals' processing of two word collocations with either a literal or a figurative meaning in each language. Proficient Spanish-English bilinguals classified as brokers or non-brokers were asked to judge if adjective+noun phrases presented in each language made sense or not...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032293/facilitating-problem-based-learning-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wosinski, Anne E Belcher, Yvan Dürrenberger, Anne-Claude Allin, Coraline Stormacq, Linda Gerson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the perspective of undergraduate nursing students on facilitating elements that contribute to their success with PBL. DESIGN: a qualitative systematic review of the literature according to meta-aggregative methodology using the JBI SUMARI system was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Data was collected across CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Eric, Teacher Reference Center and reference lists...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031742/a-preliminary-examination-of-gut-microbiota-sleep-and-cognitive-flexibility-in-healthy-older-adults
#6
Jason R Anderson, Ian Carroll, M Andrea Azcarate-Peril, Amber D Rochette, Leslie J Heinberg, Christine Peat, Kristine Steffen, Lisa M Manderino, James Mitchell, John Gunstad
OBJECTIVES: Inadequate sleep increases the risk for age-related cognitive decline and recent work suggests a possible role of the gut microbiota in this phenomenon. Partial sleep deprivation alters the human gut microbiome, and its composition is associated with cognitive flexibility in animal models. Given these findings, we examined the possible relationship among the gut microbiome, sleep quality, and cognitive flexibility in a sample of healthy older adults. METHODS: Thirty-seven participants (age 64...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031035/-controversy-in-the-postoperative-treatment-of-low-grade-gliomas
#7
T Kazda, R Lakomý, A Poprach, P Pospíšil, R Jančálek, P Šlampa
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for low-grade gliomas remains controversial. Neurosurgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are the main treatment options. Despite advances in oncology, there are still a lot of uncertainties, and the optimal sequences, combinations, and timings of these procedures have not yet been optimized. It is still unclear whether temozolomide can replace effective, but toxic PCV chemotherapy (procarbazine, lomustine, vincristine) and whether temozolomide can be used upfront alone instead of radiotherapy alone...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030759/localizing-semantic-interference-from-distractor-sounds-in-picture-naming-a-dual-task-study
#8
Andreas Mädebach, Marie-Luise Kieseler, Jörg D Jescheniak
In this study we explored the locus of semantic interference in a novel picture-sound interference task in which participants name pictures while ignoring environmental distractor sounds. In a previous study using this task (Mädebach, Wöhner, Kieseler, & Jescheniak, in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43, 1629-1646, 2017), we showed that semantically related distractor sounds (e.g., BARKINGdog) interfere with a picture-naming response (e.g., "horse") more strongly than unrelated distractor sounds do (e...
October 13, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030654/predictive-and-prognostic-value-of-tumor-volume-and-its-changes-during-radical-radiotherapy-of-stage%C3%A2-iii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#9
Lukas Käsmann, Maximilian Niyazi, Oliver Blanck, Christian Baues, René Baumann, Sophie Dobiasch, Chukwuka Eze, Daniel Fleischmann, Tobias Gauer, Frank A Giordano, Yvonne Goy, Jan Hausmann, Christoph Henkenberens, David Kaul, Lisa Klook, David Krug, Matthias Mäurer, Cédric M Panje, Johannes Rosenbrock, Lisa Sautter, Daniela Schmitt, Christoph Süß, Alexander H Thieme, Maike Trommer-Nestler, Sonia Ziegler, Nadja Ebert, Daniel Medenwald, Christian Ostheimer
PURPOSE: Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) includes heterogeneous presentation of the disease including lymph node involvement and large tumour volumes with infiltration of the mediastinum, heart or spine. In the treatment of stage III NSCLC an interdisciplinary approach including radiotherapy is considered standard of care with acceptable toxicity and improved clinical outcome concerning local control...
October 13, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030612/healing-of-preterm-ruptured-fetal-membranes
#10
Haruta Mogami, Annavarapu Hari Kishore, Yucel Akgul, R Ann Word
Preterm premature rupture of membrane (pPROM) is associated with 30-40% of preterm births. Infection is considered a leading cause of pPROM due to increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines in amniotic fluid. Only 30%, however, are positive for microbial organisms by amniotic fluid culture. Interestingly, in some pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (pPROM), membranes heal spontaneously and pregnancy continues until term. Here, we investigated mechanisms of amnion healing. Using a preclinical mouse model, we found that small ruptures of the fetal membrane closed within 72 h whereas healing of large ruptures was only 40%...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028595/-loser-or-popular-neural-response-to-social-status-words-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Jennifer S Silk, Kyung Hwa Lee, Rebecca Kerestes, Julianne M Griffith, Ronald E Dahl, Cecile D Ladouceur
Concerns about social status are ubiquitous during adolescence, with information about social status often conveyed in text formats. Depressed adolescents may show alterations in the functioning of neural systems supporting processing of social status information. We examined whether depressed youth exhibited altered neural activation to social status words in temporal and prefrontal cortical regions thought to be involved in social cognitive processing, and whether this response was associated with development...
September 23, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026409/hemostasis-in-hypothyroidism-and-autoimmune-thyroid-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Arash Ordookhani, Kenneth D Burman
CONTEXT: There are contradictory results on the effect of hypothyroidism on the changes in hemostasis. Inadequate population-based studies limited their clinical implications, mainly on the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). This paper reviews the studies on laboratory and population-based findings regarding hemostatic changes and risk of VTE in hypothyroidism and autoimmune thyroid disorders. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A comprehensive literature search was conducted employing MEDLINE database...
April 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026121/white-noise-enhances-new-word-learning-in-healthy-adults
#13
Anthony J Angwin, Wayne J Wilson, Wendy L Arnott, Annabelle Signorini, Robert J Barry, David A Copland
Research suggests that listening to white noise may improve some aspects of cognitive performance in individuals with lower attention. This study investigated the impact of white noise on new word learning in healthy young adults, and whether this effect was mediated by executive attention skills. Eighty participants completed a single training session to learn the names of twenty novel objects. The session comprised 5 learning phases, each followed by a recall test. A final recognition test was also administered...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025925/strength-of-temporal-white-matter-pathways-predicts-semantic-learning
#14
Pablo Ripollés, Davina Biel, Claudia Peñaloza, Jörn Kaufmann, Josep Marco-Pallarés, Toemme Noesselt, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells
Learning the associations between words and meanings is a fundamental human ability. Although the language network is cortically well defined, the role of the white matter pathways supporting novel word-to-meaning mappings remains unclear. Here, by using contextual and cross-situational word-learning, we tested whether learning the meaning of a new word is related to the integrity of the language-related white matter pathways in 40 adults (18 women). The arcuate, uncinate, inferior-fronto-occipital and inferior-longitudinal fasciculi were virtually dissected using manual and automatic deterministic fiber-tracking...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025849/the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-in-adulthood-a-scoping-review-protocol
#15
Zechen Ma, Mark T Bayley, Laure Perrier, Priya Dhir, Lana Dépatie, Paul Comper, Lesley Ruttan, Sarah Ep Munce
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is a significant risk factor for physical and mental illnesses later in life. Concussion or traumatic brain injury is a challenging condition where preinjury factors may interact to affect recovery. The association between ACEs and traumatic brain injury/concussion is not well mapped in any previous reviews of the literature. Using a scoping review methodology, the research question that will be addressed is: what is known from the existing literature about the association between ACEs and traumatic brain injury/concussion in adults? METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The methodological frameworks outlined by Arksey and O'Malley and Levac et al will be used...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024916/can-monolinguals-be-like-bilinguals-evidence-from-dialect-switching
#16
Neil W Kirk, Vera Kempe, Kenneth C Scott-Brown, Andrea Philipp, Mathieu Declerck
Bilinguals rely on cognitive control mechanisms like selective activation and inhibition of lexical entries to prevent intrusions from the non-target language. We present cross-linguistic evidence that these mechanisms also operate in bidialectals. Thirty-two native German speakers who sometimes use the Öcher Platt dialect, and thirty-two native English speakers who sometimes use the Dundonian Scots dialect completed a dialect-switching task. Naming latencies were higher for switch than for non-switch trials, and lower for cognate compared to non-cognate nouns...
October 9, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024915/information-density-converges-in-dialogue-towards-an-information-theoretic-model
#17
Yang Xu, David Reitter
The principle of entropy rate constancy (ERC) states that language users distribute information such that words tend to be equally predictable given previous contexts. We examine the applicability of this principle to spoken dialogue, as previous findings primarily rest on written text. The study takes into account the joint-activity nature of dialogue and the topic shift mechanisms that are different from monologue. It examines how the information contributions from the two dialogue partners interactively evolve as the discourse develops...
October 9, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024863/environmental-tobacco-smoke-and-peripheral-arterial-disease-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Natalie Ly Ngu, Mark McEvoy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Despite worldwide reductions in active smoking, non-smokers continue to be exposed to environmental tobacco smoke, especially at home or workplace. There is a well-recognised association between active smoking and peripheral arterial disease, however, a relationship to environmental tobacco smoke exposure is less substantiated. The aims of this paper are to review the literature regarding the association between environmental tobacco smoke and peripheral arterial disease and identify the public health implications of the findings...
September 22, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024854/the-effect-of-associative-strength-on-semantic-priming-in-schizophrenia
#19
Juan Carlos Ruiz, María José Soler, Carmen Dasí, Inma Fuentes, Pilar Tomás
The present research was designed to investigate the pattern of semantic priming in schizophrenia as a function of strength of association (or semantic distance between concepts in the semantic network). Thirty schizophrenia patients, without formal thought disorder, and twenty-nine healthy controls participated in a lexical decision task in which prime-target associative strength (strong, weak and not related) and stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA: 250ms and 750ms) were manipulated. Patients and controls showed the same associative strength effect on RTs...
October 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024818/differential-cortical-contribution-of-syntax-and-semantics-an-fmri-study-on-two-word-phrasal-processing
#20
Marianne Schell, Emiliano Zaccarella, Angela D Friederici
Linguistic expressions consist of sequences of words combined together to form phrases and sentences. The neurocognitive process handling word combination is drawing increasing attention among the neuroscientific community, given that the underlying syntactic and semantic mechanisms of such basic combinations-although essential to the generation of more complex structures-still need to be consistently determined. The current experiment was conducted to disentangle the neural networks supporting syntactic and semantic processing at the level of two-word combinations...
September 20, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
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