keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Violence in emergency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#1
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727535/civil-unrest-in-the-context-of-chronic-community-violence-impact-on-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#2
Doris P Yimgang, Yan Wang, Grace Paik, Erin R Hager, Maureen M Black
OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in maternal-child health surrounding the April 2015 civil unrest in Baltimore, Maryland, following Freddie Gray's death while in police custody. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional Children's HealthWatch surveys January 2014 through December 2015 in pediatric emergency departments and primary care clinics on maternal-child health and June 2015 through October 2015 on daily and community routines. We used trend analysis and piecewise logistic regression to examine effects of time, residential proximity moderation, and mediation analysis to assess proximity and maternal-child health relations via maternal concerns...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717729/middle-eastern-conflicts-implications-for-refugee-health-in-the-european-union-and-middle-eastern-host-countries
#3
Michael Silbermann, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Omar Nimri, Mazin Al-Jadiry, Lea Baider
Until very recently, health care in conflict settings was based on a model developed in the second half of the twentieth century. Things have changed, and present civil wars, such as those that are currently taking place in the Middle East, do not address the complexity of the ongoing armed conflicts in countries such as Syria, Iraq, and Afghanistan. These conflicts have caused a significant increase in the number of refugees in the region, as well as in Europe. Hundreds of thousands of refugees succeed in settling in mid- and north-European countries, and their health issues are becoming of great importance...
December 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712526/occupational-disappointment-why-did-i-even-become-a-nurse
#4
Rebekah J Howerton Child, Elizabeth J Sussman
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to identify patterns of feelings and behavior of ED RNs who have experienced verbal workplace violence. METHODS: Twenty-eight registered nurses from across the state of California were recruited. Data were collected, using in-depth interviews, and were recorded. The tapes were transcribed and analyzed using Glaserian grounded-theory methodology. RESULTS: The main experiences of participants included occupational disappointment, peer support, lack of preparation by mandatory violence prevention classes, and unrealistic patient expectations...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706168/-the-effects-of-violence-coping-program-based-on-middle-range-theory-of-resilience-on-emergency-room-nurses-resilience-violence-coping-nursing-competency-and-burnout
#5
Seung Min Lee, Kyung Mi Sung
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a violence coping program (VCP) based on Polk's middle-range theory of resilience on nursing competency, resilience, burnout, and the ability to cope with violence in nurses working in emergency rooms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental study, with a nonequivalent control group and a pretest-posttest design, was conducted. Participants were 36 nurses who worked in emergency rooms and had experienced violence; 18 nurses from D hospital and 18 nurses from C hospital were assigned to the experimental and control groups, respectively...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705687/antecedents-and-precipitants-of-patient-related-violence-in-the-emergency-department-results-from-the-australian-vent-study-violence-in-emergency-nursing-and-triage
#6
Jacqueline V Pich, Ashley Kable, Mike Hazelton
INTRODUCTION: Workplace violence is one of the most significant and hazardous issues faced by nurses globally. It is a potentially life-threatening and life-affecting workplace hazard often downplayed as just "part of the job" for nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used and data were collected using a purpose developed survey tool. Surveys were distributed to all members of the College of Emergency Nurses' Australasia (CENA) in 2010 and 537 eligible responses were received (RR=51%)...
July 10, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703312/violence-exposure-is-associated-with-adolescents-same-and-next-day-mental-health-symptoms
#7
Candice L Odgers, Michael A Russell
BACKGROUND: Young people exposed to violence are at increased risk for mental health and behavioral problems. However, very little is known about the immediate, or same-day, associations between violence exposure and adolescents' mental health symptoms or whether daily symptom or behavioral reactivity marks future problems. METHODS: Young adolescents were assessed three times a day for 30 consecutive days using mobile-phone-based Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) (N = 151 adolescents)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703071/reporting-occupational-violence-in-emergency-departments
#8
(no author information available yet)
A study has revealed that emergency department (ED) staff across all roles receive verbal abuse from patients, but that nurses are more likely to be physically assaulted and are less likely to feel safe.
July 13, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700382/mandatory-reporting-of-intimate-partner-violence-an-ethical-dilemma-for-forensic-nurses
#9
Rosalyn M Walker
Nearly all states and provinces have laws mandating licensed healthcare professionals to report to law enforcement suspicions and allegations of the abuse of children, older adults, and disabled persons and all incidents of violence by a deadly weapon. However, a few states in the United States additionally mandate providers to report all injuries resultant from reported or suspected domestic/intimate partner violence. This can present a challenge to forensic nurses seeking to protect patient confidentiality and autonomy...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700026/self-inflicted-violence-by-exogenous-poisoning-in-an-emergency-service
#10
Caique Veloso, Claudete Ferreira de Souza Monteiro, Lorena Uchôa Portela Veloso, Maria do Livramento Fortes Figueiredo, Ruth Suelle Barros Fonseca, Telma Maria Evangelista de Araújo, Raylane da Silva Machado
Objective: To analyze the self-inflicted violence by exogenous poisoning reported in a health service. Methods: Epidemiological, retrospective and analytical study in an emergency care in the city of Teresina, Piauí. The study took place in January and February of 2015, upon review of all cases of self-inflicted violence by exogenous poisoning reported to the Information System on Diseases of Compulsory Declaration, from 2009 to 2014. The Pearson chi-square test was used for analysis...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697094/identifying-and-assisting-sexually-exploited-and-trafficked-patients-seeking-women-s-health-care-services
#11
Erin E Tracy, Wendy Macias-Konstantopoulos
It is estimated that 21 million people are trafficked worldwide, including 11.4 million women and girls. Approximately 4.5 million are forced to do sexual labor. The exact prevalence of human trafficking is difficult to ascertain, however, given the limitations of data collection in an illegal industry. Obstetrician-gynecologists should not only be aware of the widespread nature of human trafficking, but also have the tools to assess patients for trafficking and respond to victim identifications. Patients may present with signs of physical abuse, depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance use, sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy, and nonspecific somatic complaints...
July 7, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687475/double-jeopardy-predictors-of-elevated-lethality-risk-among-intimate-partner-violence-victims-seen-in-emergency-departments
#12
Laura Brignone, Anu Manchikanti Gomez
Many intimate partner homicide victims visit emergency departments (EDs) prior to their deaths, yet their lethality risk is not well understood. eHealth interventions for intimate partner violence (IPV) improve provider information, tailor care to victim need and link victims to services. We analyzed ED patients' lethality risk using one such intervention, Domestic Violence Report and Referral (DVRR). DVRR records were assessed for 263 female patients aged 16 and older seen for IPV at an urban, high-traffic, Northern California ED in 2014-15...
July 4, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685211/predicting-the-emergence-of-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#13
Michele L Ybarra, Richard E Thompson
This study aims to report the epidemiology of sexual violence (SV) perpetration for both female and male youth across a broad age spectrum. Additionally, the etiology of SV perpetration is examined by identifying prior exposures that predict a first SV perpetration. Six waves of data were collected nationally online, between 2006 and 2012, from 1586 youth between 10 and 21 years of age. Five types of SV were assessed: sexual harassment, sexual assault, coercive sex, attempted rape, and rape. To identify how prior exposures may predict the emergence of SV in adolescence, parsimonious lagged multivariable logistic regression models estimated the odds of first perpetrating each of the five types of SV within the context of other variables (e...
July 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675814/gender-violence-and-resilience-among-ugandan-adolescents
#14
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Andrea Norcini Pala, Devin Faris, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Karen Devries, Dipak Naker
Resilience, commonly understood as the ability to maintain adaptive functioning in the face of adversity, has emerged as a salient entry point in the field of positive youth development. This study makes a unique contribution by exploring dimensions of resilience among adolescents in Uganda, examining associations between violence from different perpetrators and resilience, and testing whether sex moderates these relationships. Analyses are based on data from 3706 primary school students. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) identified five factors underlying the construct of resilience: Emotional Support; Family Connectedness; School Connectedness; Social Assets; and Psychological Assets...
July 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670111/historical-development-of-vaginal-microbicides-to-prevent-sexual-transmission-of-hiv-in-women-from-past-failures-to-future-hopes
#15
REVIEW
Fernando Notario-Pérez, Roberto Ruiz-Caro, María-Dolores Veiga-Ochoa
Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains a global public health concern and is particularly serious in low- and middle-income countries. Widespread sexual violence and poverty, among other factors, increase the risk of infection in women, while currently available prevention methods are outside the control of most. This has driven the study of vaginal microbicides to prevent sexual transmission of HIV from men to women in recent decades. The first microbicides evaluated were formulated as gels for daily use and contained different substances such as surfactants, acidifiers and monoclonal antibodies, which failed to demonstrate efficacy in clinical trials...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668360/reproductive-coercion-in-high-school-aged-girls-associations-with-reproductive-health-risk-and-intimate-partner-violence
#16
Jennifer L Northridge, Ellen J Silver, Hina J Talib, Susan M Coupey
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of reproductive coercion, a form of intimate partner violence (IPV) including contraceptive sabotage and pregnancy pressure, among urban high-school-aged girls and to examine its associations with reproductive health risks. DESIGN: and Setting: A self-administered survey completed by high-school-aged girls living in high-poverty neighborhoods while awaiting medical care in a pediatric emergency room, inpatient service, school-based and hospital-based clinics...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668227/psychometric-properties-and-predictive-validity-of-a-police-version-of-a-violence-risk-screen-a-pilot-study
#17
John O Roaldset, Pål Hartvig, Stål Bjørkly
The Violence Risk Screening - Police Version (V-RISK-POL) is a seven-item screening tool for use at police stations by police officers and law enforcement officials to assist in the process of decision making regarding release, restrictive measures or arrest for apprehended individuals where the risk of future violence must be considered. The screen is based on the V-RISK-10, originally developed for emergency psychiatry. We examined psychometric properties and the prospective predictive validity of future violent convictions for the V-RISK-POL in a sample of 111 persons arrested for suspicion of violent crimes...
June 28, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666744/-three-years-experience-in-the-detection-and-follow-up-of-violence-against-the-elderly-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#18
Montserrat Lázaro Del Nogal, Cesareo Férnandez, Paloma Serrano, Andrés Santiago, Patricia Villavicencio, Teresa Martin
OBJECTIVES: The Hospital Clínico San Carlos Committee against violence established a protocol in 2012 in order to detect and follow-up violence against elderly persons. This article presents the experience after 3years of its introduction, as well as an analysis comparing the differences between those younger and older than 65years of age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All cases were collected during years 2013, 2014, and 2015, and were divided into two groups, A and B, according to age, younger or older than 65years...
June 27, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666468/binge-drinking-among-young-adults-in-an-urban-tertiary-care-emergency-department-in-israel
#19
Daphna Levinson, Paola Rosca, Doron Vilner, Idit Brimberg, Yael Stall, Ayelet Rimon
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is a major preventable public health problem with serious health and social consequences especially among youth. In Israel, alcohol use has become an emerging problem during the last decade, and its use has increased among adolescents and young adults. Binge drinking is the common pattern of alcohol consumption among young adults who drink for recreational purposes. The present survey was conducted among 16-35 years old visitors to the ED. The aim was specifically to identify binge drinkers in order to assess the scope of the need for a brief counseling intervention among young people who arrive intoxicated to a large tertiary care urban ED in Israel...
July 1, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664351/would-brief-alcohol-intervention-be-helpful-in-facial-trauma-patients-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Kai H Lee, Andrew Hughes
Facial trauma is commonly associated with excessive consumption of alcohol and is often associated with interpersonal violence or motor vehicle accidents. Alcohol-related trauma presentation to hospitals causes a major service burden, and there have been efforts to reduce such trauma load with educational programs and social support. Brief alcohol intervention (BAI) in an acute setting (emergency department or trauma centre) has been shown as an effective means to reduce future alcohol intake and the incidence of future alcohol-related injuries, especially in the period immediately following injuries...
June 30, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
24625
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"