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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332555/victim-empowerment-safety-and-perpetrator-accountability-through-collaboration-a-crisis-to-transformation-conceptual-model
#1
Jacquelyn W White, Holly C Sienkiewicz
This article describes the development of the Victim Empowerment, Safety, and Perpetrator Accountability through Collaboration (VESPAC) model based on a grounded theory analysis of congressionally mandated and permissible purpose areas for grants authorized by the Violence Against Women Act. These areas are reflective of ongoing and emerging needs of victims and agencies serving victims and are rooted in the expertise, insight, and concerns of those who work most closely with victims and perpetrators on a regular basis...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332551/how-narratives-of-fear-shape-girls-participation-in-community-life-in-two-conflict-affected-populations
#2
Marni Sommer, Miguel Munoz-Laboy, Emily Wilkinson Salamea, Johanna Arp, Kathryn L Falb, Nadine Rudahindwa, Lindsay Stark
Numerous social factors shape girls' lives in conflict-affected settings, affecting their vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Qualitative research methods were used to examine spaces of perceived safety and risk for girls living in two conflict-affected populations: camps in Ethiopia hosting primarily South Sudanese and Sudanese refugees and communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Three major themes emerged: (a) challenges around caregiver-child communication regarding development, sex, and sexual violence; (b) a typology of safe/risky spaces; and (c) the influence of male-dominated spaces on experiences and fear of GBV...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332550/how-ending-impunity-for-conflict-related-sexual-violence-overwhelmed-the-un-women-peace-and-security-agenda-a-discursive-genealogy
#3
Niamh Reilly
The recent unprecedented focus on ending impunity for conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) is positive in many respects. However, it has narrowed the scope of Security Council Resolution 1325 and the women, peace, and security (WPS) agenda it established in 2000. Through a critical discursive genealogy of the interrelation of two UN agendas-protection of civilians in armed conflict and women, peace, and security-the author traces how CRSV emerged as the defining issue of the latter while the transformative imperative of making women's participation central to every UN endeavor for peace and security has failed to gain traction...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332542/long-journeys-toward-freedom-the-relationship-between-coercive-control-and-space-for-action-measurement-and-emerging-evidence
#4
Nicola Sharp-Jeffs, Liz Kelly, Renate Klein
We report on the development of, and findings from, two scales measuring coercive control and space for action over a period of 3 years in a sample of 100 women who had accessed domestic violence services. We present statistical evidence to show a significant correlation between coercive control and space for action. However, dealing with violence is not a linear process, and support needs to extend beyond being enabled to separate. The scales advance measurement of women's experience of coercive control and, through the space for action scale, document their ability to restore agency and freedom in contexts of relative safety...
February 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332513/the-meaning-of-choosing-a-spouse-among-ultra-orthodox-jewish-women-who-found-themselves-in-a-violent-relationship
#5
Tova Band-Winterstein, Ilanit Tuito
This research note addresses how ultra-Orthodox Jewish women in Israel coping with intimate partner violence experienced the spouse selection process. In-depth semistructured qualitative-phenomenological interviews were conducted with 17 women. Four major themes emerged: (a) "The matchmaker seemingly fell asleep on her watch"; (b) The parents' mistakes; (c) "The rabbi told me to jump into the water. Now he should hand me the paddles to get out!" The rabbi's role; and (d) "That's it . . . I follow it blindly": The system...
August 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332495/comparing-violent-victimization-experiences-of-male-and-female-college-attending-emerging-adults
#6
Callie Marie Rennison, Lynn A Addington
Despite increased attention to college student victimization, gaps remain. In particular, relatively little is known about violence against males and females outside sexual and intimate partner violence. This study uses data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to compare male and female students' violent victimization overall as well as relational and sexual violence. Findings reveal gendered differences and similarities. Results have implications for policies to prevent violence and support victims...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326038/a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-emergency-department-staff-experiences-of-violence-and-aggression
#7
REVIEW
Rebecca Angharad Ashton, Lucy Morris, Ian Smith
INTRODUCTION: Patient and visitor violence or aggression against healthcare workers in the Emergency Department (ED) is a significant issue worldwide. This review synthesises existing qualitative studies exploring the first-hand experiences of staff working in the ED to provide insight into preventing this issue. METHOD: A meta-ethnographic approach was used to review papers. RESULTS: Four concepts were identified: 'The inevitability of violence and aggression'; 'Staff judgments about why they face violence and aggression'; 'Managing in isolation'; and 'Wounded heroes'...
January 8, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301563/factors-related-to-negative-feelings-experienced-by-emergency-department-patients-and-accompanying-persons-an-israeli-study
#8
Simha F Landau, Judy Bendalak, Gila Amitay, Ohad Marcus
BACKGROUND: Studies on hospital violence have emphasized the importance of staff- service recipient interaction in leading to violent incidents. These incidents are the extreme result of service recipients' frustration and anger in their interaction with staff. The aim of this study was to analyze factors related to negative experiences of emergency department (ED) patients and accompanying persons in Israeli hospitals. METHODS: Structured interviews with 692 participants in seven major general Israeli hospitals: 322 patients and 370 accompanying persons...
January 4, 2018: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295029/perspective-taking-and-empathy-mitigate-family-of-origin-risk-for-electronic-aggression-perpetration-toward-dating-partners-a-brief-report
#9
Michelle C Ramos, Kelly F Miller, Ilana K Moss, Gayla Margolin
Electronic dating aggression among emerging adults is prevalent and has adverse consequences, yet factors that increase or decrease the risk for perpetrating electronic aggression against a romantic partner are understudied. This investigation advances the literature in two novel ways. First, based on intergenerational transmission of violence theories, we tested the link between family-of-origin aggression (FOA) history and electronic aggression toward romantic partners, using a diverse sample of emerging adults...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295018/is-there-a-cumulative-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-emerging-adulthood
#10
Valentina Nikulina, Melissa Gelin, Amanda Zwilling
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been shown to cumulatively predict a range of poor physical and mental health outcomes across adulthood. The cumulative effect of ACEs on intimate partner violence (IPV) in emerging adulthood has not been previously explored. The current study examined the individual and cumulative associations between nine ACEs (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, witnessing domestic violence, living with a mentally ill, substance abusing, or incarcerated household member) and IPV in a diverse sample of college students ( N = 284; Mage = 20...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294962/psychological-predictors-of-aggressive-behavior-among-men-and-women
#11
Cristina Stefanile, Camilla Matera, Amanda Nerini, Luisa Puddu, Rosalba Raffagnino
This study examined the relationships among attitude toward violence, self-esteem, emotion dysregulation, anger, and aggression in community men and women and male inmates. Overall, 166 community men, 197 community women, and 100 male inmates completed a battery of questionnaires containing self-reported measures. Self-esteem and attitude toward violence were significant predictors of aggressive behavior, with emotion dysregulation mediating the relationship between self-esteem and the criterion variable. Anger mediated the relationship between emotion dysregulation and aggressive behavior only among community people...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294937/understanding-how-domestic-violence-shelter-rules-may-influence-survivor-empowerment
#12
Katie Gregory, Nkiru Nnawulezi, Cris M Sullivan
Domestic violence shelters have historically gone beyond providing emergency residential space for survivors by assisting in obtaining future housing, employment, health care, child care, or legal services. Domestic violence shelters are expected to operate within an empowerment philosophy, with an understanding that survivors are self-determining, can identify their needs, and know what it takes to meet those needs. Recent research has indicated that, as many shelters have become more rigid in creating rules that survivors must follow to access and retain free temporary housing, the result has been survivors' feelings of disempowerment, the complete opposite of what was originally intended...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294930/bystander-based-sexual-violence-prevention-with-college-athletes-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#13
Deinera Exner-Cortens, Nina Cummings
The prevention of sexual violence on college campuses is a pressing public health issue. Given recent U.S. federal and state requirements for campus responses to sexual assault, many campuses may plan to implement brief, bystander-based programs to create a violence-free environment. This pilot study evaluates one such program for male undergraduate athletes, Wingman 101. The primary purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of participation in Wingman 101, as well as barriers to program implementation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294903/intimate-partner-violence-and-women-s-mental-health-the-mediating-role-of-coping-strategies-among-women-seeking-help-from-the-police
#14
Cecilia Mengo, Eusebius Small, Beverly Black
Many variables explain the link between intimate partner violence (IPV) and its impact on women's mental health. This proposition is mostly from samples drawn from battered women's shelters, batterer intervention programs (BIPs), emergency rooms, and medical clinics. We know little about the psychological well-being of women who report abuse to police departments. This study used data from case records of women who experience IPV and sought help from a city police station located in the southwest United States...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294854/disclosing-gender-based-violence-during-health-care-visits-a-patient-centered-approach
#15
Jessica R Williams, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Valerie Halstead, Jacob Martinez, Laly Joseph
The purpose of this study was to better understand victims' perspectives regarding decisions to disclose gender-based violence, namely, intimate partner violence (IPV) and human trafficking, to health care providers and what outcomes matter to them when discussing these issues with their provider. Twenty-five participants from racially/ethnically diverse backgrounds were recruited from a family justice center located in the southeastern United States. Two fifths had experienced human trafficking, and the remaining had experienced IPV...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294801/classes-of-intimate-partner-violence-from-late-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#16
Hans Saint-Eloi Cadely, Joe F Pittman, Gregory S Pettit, Jennifer E Lansford, John E Bates, Kenneth A Dodge, Amy Holtzworth-Munroe
Researchers do not agree on how intimate partner violence (IPV) emerges and changes from adolescence to young adulthood. This may be because change in these behaviors varies across individuals. The present study uses a longitudinal, person-centered approach to examine whether there are multiple classes or patterns of change in the perpetration of IPV during the transitional period from adolescence (age 18) to young adulthood (age 25) using data collected annually from a community sample of 484 participants...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294791/mentoring-pediatric-victims-of-interpersonal-violence-reduces-recidivism
#17
Angela Lumba-Brown, Margie Batek, Pamela Choi, Martin Keller, Robert Kennedy
Pediatric interpersonal violence is a public health crisis resulting in morbidity and mortality and recidivism. St. Louis City and surrounding areas have the highest rates of youth interpersonal violence nationally. St. Louis Children's Hospital (SLCH) Social Work in conjunction with Pediatric Emergency Medicine established a novel emergency department (ED)-initiated program to determine whether co-location of services followed by outpatient mentoring reduced the rate of morbidity, mortality, and recidivism in youths experiencing interpersonal violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294786/using-reoffenders-experiences-and-perspectives-to-improve-intimate-partner-violence-treatment
#18
Galina A Portnoy, Christopher M Murphy
A substantial proportion of partner-violent men reoffend subsequent to completing intimate partner violence (IPV) treatment. A critical step in enhancing treatment for IPV perpetration is to understand reoffense among those who recidivate following treatment completion. Investigating reoffenders' own perceptions regarding potential directions for treatment modification may improve overall treatment outcomes. Qualitative research examining the experiences of participants who utilize IPV treatment is limited...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294762/age-and-gender-effects-in-recent-violence-perpetration
#19
Martha K Fahlgren, Evan M Kleiman, Alexander A Puhalla, Michael S McCloskey
Although we know much about the effects of violence on victims, we know less about individuals who perpetrate violence. In the present study, we used a large, nationally representative sample of adults (National Comorbidity Study-Replication; n = 9,282) to examine demographics (i.e., age and gender) and social, occupational, and cognitive functioning among perpetrators of recent violence. We found that recent violence was more prevalent among younger individuals and males (i.e., these groups were more likely to engage in at least one act of violence)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294741/factors-associated-with-police-decisions-on-immediate-responses-to-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Merete Berg Nesset, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard, Jim Aage Nøttestad, Richard Whittington, Cecilie Lynum, Cand Psychol, Tom Palmstierna
Police officers are often the first responders to intimate partner violence. The aim of the study was to examine the association between structured police assessments on-site in cases of intimate partner violence, and decisions about immediate arrest of the perpetrator and/or relocation of the victim. Data were extracted from police reports on 124 emergency visits in cases of intimate partner violence perpetrated by men toward women. Six out of totally 15 items of the intimate partner violence risk assessment measure B-SAFER were used by the front line police officers as the basis for decisions on whether or not to arrest the perpetrator or relocate the victim...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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