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Violence in emergency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078529/rethinking-preconception-care-a-critical-women-s-health-perspective
#1
Erika L Thompson, Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Stephanie L Marhefka, Nolan S Kline, Ellen M Daley
Objectives Preconception care aims to provide care to reproductive aged individuals in order to improve pregnancy and birth outcomes. Given that preconception care is a public health priority, it is important to evaluate the evolution of this health paradigm and the promotion of preconception messages that are obtained by the public. We identified online preconception health messages, which were critically assessed through a women's health perspective. Methods We searched for "preconception care" on three major search engines...
January 11, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077220/examining-the-impact-of-suicide-attempt-function-and-perceived-effectiveness-in-predicting-reattempt-for-emergency-medicine-patients
#2
Stephen S O'Connor, Katherine Anne Comtois, David C Atkins, Amanda H Kerbrat
While previous studies have examined motivational aspects of self-directed violence, few studies have included specific motivations in predictive models for future suicide attempts. The current study utilized a sample of 160 individuals treated in an acute emergency setting following a suicide attempt who completed an interview battery that included an assessment of functional aspects of the index suicide attempt. A follow-up interview was conducted at 6 months to ascertain subsequent suicide attempts. The functional domains of suicide attempts were labeled as reduction-of-distress, communication, perceived better alternative to living, and self-loathing...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076579/factors-that-influence-career-choice-in-primary-care-among-medical-students-starting-social-service-in-honduras
#3
E Benjamín Puertas, Tamara Y Rivera
Objective: To 1) describe patterns of specialty choice; 2) investigate relationships between career selection and selected demographic indicators; and 3) identify salary perception, factors that influence career choice in primary care, and factors that influence desired location of future medical practice. Methods: The study used a mixed-methods approach that included a cross-sectional questionnaire survey applied to 234 last-year medical students in Honduras (September 2014), and semi-structured interviews with eight key informants (October 2014)...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065969/survellience-system-for-child-abuse-bridging-the-gap-between-actual-and-hidden-cases
#4
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Yasmin Parpio, Salima Farooq
The dynamics of child abuse have been recognised as a global emerging social issue which is highly associated with child humiliation. The Government of Pakistan has taken many initiatives for addressing issues regarding child abuse and neglect and has designed laws to protect children against exploitation, abuse and violence; however, most of them are not enforced at all or poorly implemented due to lack of proper definition of child abuse and related terms, and different ways of reporting child abuse cases...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064522/the-impact-of-humanitarian-emergencies-on-the-prevalence-of-violence-against-children-an-evidence-based-ecological-framework
#5
Beth L Rubenstein, Lindsay Stark
Little is known about the patterns and mechanisms by which humanitarian emergencies may exacerbate violence against children. In this article, we propose using the ecological framework to examine the impact of humanitarian emergencies on interpersonal violence against children. We consider the literature that supports this framework and suggest future directions for research to fill identified gaps in the framework. The relationship between humanitarian emergencies and violence against children depends on risk factors at multiple levels, including a breakdown of child protection systems, displacement, threats to livelihoods, changing gender roles, changing household composition, overcrowded living conditions, early marriage, exposure to conflict or other emergency events, and alcohol abuse...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062166/latent-classes-of-caregiver-relationships-with-patients-workplace-violence-implications
#6
Ha Do Byon, Carla L Storr, Jane Lipscomb
The bonds and relationships that direct care workers in the home setting (DCWHs) develop with their elderly or disabled home care patients may put them at risk for patient violence. This study used a data-driven approach, latent class analysis, to identify distinct underlying patterns of DCWH-patient relationships and then assessed how DCWH-patient class membership was associated with patient violence. This study analyzed survey data obtained from 964 DCWHs working in two not-for-profit home care agencies. Four classes of DCWH-patient relationships emerged: Non-familial (40% of the sample), Overly Concerned (14%); Boundary-keeping (22%), and Overly Involved (24%)...
January 3, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060601/parents-caring-for-adult-children-with-serious-mental-illness
#7
Kathryn Y Raymond, Danny G Willis, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai
BACKGROUND: Parents often become the caregivers for their adult children with serious mental illness (SMI) due to the chronic and debilitating course of the illness and shortages in funding for community mental health services and residential placements. OBJECTIVE: To examine parents' management styles when caring for adult children with SMI and parents' perspectives on what type of community-based mental health interventions would support and/or enhance overall family functioning...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043734/conceptual-model-of-acid-attacks-based-on-survivor-s-experiences-lessons-from-a-qualitative-exploration
#8
Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Elham Mohammadi, Hamideh Addelyan Rasi, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Maliheh Arshi
INTRODUCTION: Acid attack, a worldwide phenomenon, has been increasing in recent years. In addition to severe injuries to the face and body, such violence leads to psychological and social problems that affect the survivors' quality of life. The present study provides a more in-depth understanding of this phenomenon and explores the nature and dimensions of acid attacks based on survivors' experiences. METHOD: A grounded theory study using semi-structured, recorded interviews and applying purposeful theoretical sampling was conducted with 12 acid attack survivors in Iran...
December 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042899/prevention-of-targeted-school-violence-by-responding-to-students-psychosocial-crises-the-netwass-program
#9
Vincenz Leuschner, Nora Fiedler, Martin Schultze, Nadine Ahlig, Kristin Göbel, Friederike Sommer, Johanna Scholl, Dewey Cornell, Herbert Scheithauer
The standardized, indicated school-based prevention program "Networks Against School Shootings" combines a threat assessment approach with a general model of prevention of emergency situations in schools through early intervention in student psychosocial crises and training teachers to recognize warning signs of targeted school violence. An evaluation study in 98 German schools with 3,473 school staff participants (Mage  = 46.2 years) used a quasi-experimental comparison group design with three measurement points (pre, post, and 7 months followup) with schools randomly allocated to implementation conditions...
January 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039764/a-ten-year-experience-of-physical-intimate-partner-violence-ipv-in-a-french-forensic-unit
#10
Frédéric Savall, Agathe Lechevalier, Fabrice Hérin, Marion Vergnault, Norbert Telmon, Christophe Bartoli
Forensic units have a central role to play in healthy public policy, by the collection and management of violence. This study aims to describe the characteristics of physical Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) against men reported over 10 years in the forensic unit of Toulouse (France) and to compare them with the characteristics of physical IPV against women over the same period. All the medico-legal reports of male victims over 18 years of age between 2005 and 2014 were analyzed. Female victims over 18 years of age in the same period were randomized by year in order to study a similar number of individuals...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036102/assessments-carried-out-by-a-child-abuse-and-neglect-team-in-an-amsterdam-teaching-hospital-led-to-interventions-in-most-of-the-reported-cases
#11
Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Daniel Aaftink, Ilsa A V Burgers, Thekla F Vrolijk-Bosschaart, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Hugo S A Heymans, Rick R van Rijn
AIM: This study described cases of child abuse and neglect (CAN) that were reported to the multi-agency CAN team at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam and the resulting interventions. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of all cases that were reported to the CAN team from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2012. RESULTS: There were 27 prenatal cases, 92 referrals based on parental characteristics and 523 children. Overall, 1.2% of the children visiting the emergency department of our hospital, attending the outpatients department or being admitted were reported to the team...
December 30, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029719/domestic-violence-and-abuse-screening-in-emergency-department-a-rapid-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Irfan Ahmad, Parveen Azam Ali, Salma Rehman, Ashfaque Talpur, Katie Dhingrra
AIM: The aim of the review was to identify intimate partner violence screening interventions used in emergency departments (ED) and to explore factors affecting intimate partner violence screening in EDs. BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence against women is now clearly recognised as a global health and societal issue. Nurses working in emergency and urgent care settings can play a crucial role in identification, prevention and management of intimate partner violence Research exploring optimal methods of IPV screening and factors affecting intimate partner violence screening in EDs is relatively limited...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000373/the-care-network-of-the-families-involved-in-family-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-the-primary-health-care-perspective
#13
Diene Monique Carlos, Elisabete Matallo Marchesini de Pádua, Lygia Maria Pereira da Silva, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva, Walter Ernesto Ude Marques, Maria Neto da Cruz Leitão, Maria das Graças Carvalho Ferriani
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Contribute to the understanding of the network care provided to families involved in family violence against children and adolescents (FVACA), from the Primary Health Care (PHC) perspective. BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents figure among the main victims of violence around the world, which occurs predominantly in the family context. PHC-guided network care has emerged as a new process that contrasts with traditional approaches, which rely on fragmented, punctual, and compensatory actions and produce simplified and segmented interventions in response to complex phenomena like violence...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998625/a-consensus-driven-agenda-for-emergency-medicine-firearm-injury-prevention-research
#14
Megan L Ranney, Jonathan Fletcher, Harrison Alter, Christopher Barsotti, Vikhyat S Bebarta, Marian E Betz, Patrick M Carter, Magdalena Cerdá, Rebecca M Cunningham, Peter Crane, Jahan Fahimi, Matthew J Miller, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Jody A Vogel, Garen J Wintemute, Manish N Shah, Muhammad Waseem
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To identify critical emergency medicine-focused firearm injury research questions and develop an evidence-based research agenda. METHODS: National content experts were recruited to a technical advisory group for the American College of Emergency Physicians Research Committee. Nominal group technique was used to identify research questions by consensus. The technical advisory group decided to focus on 5 widely accepted categorizations of firearm injury...
December 17, 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988144/counselling-for-alcohol-problems-cap-a-lay-counsellor-delivered-brief-psychological-treatment-for-harmful-drinking-in-men-in-primary-care-in-india-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Abhijit Nadkarni, Benedict Weobong, Helen A Weiss, Jim McCambridge, Bhargav Bhat, Basavaraj Katti, Pratima Murthy, Michael King, David McDaid, A-La Park, G Terence Wilson, Betty Kirkwood, Christopher G Fairburn, Richard Velleman, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Although structured psychological treatments are recommended as first-line interventions for harmful drinking, only a small fraction of people globally receive these treatments because of poor access in routine primary care. We assessed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Counselling for Alcohol Problems (CAP), a brief psychological treatment delivered by lay counsellors to patients with harmful drinking attending routine primary health-care settings. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, we recruited male harmful drinkers defined by an Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score of 12-19 who were aged 18-65 years from ten primary health centres in Goa, India...
December 14, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979607/psychometric-properties-of-the-management-of-aggression-and-violence-attitude-scale-in-hong-kong-s-emergency-care-setting
#16
Wai Kit Wong, Wai Tong Chien
BACKGROUND: Emergency unit is one of the most high-risk areas for patient violence. However, in Hong Kong, little research has been test psychometric properties of assessment tool of Emergency unit nurses' attitude toward violence. METHODS: The Management of Aggression and Violence Attitude Scale's (MAVASs) Scale- and Item-Content Validity Index were established by 5-experts panel. A convenience sample of 123 nurses working in 4 public Emergency Department in Hong Kong was recruited...
December 12, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955961/adding-spice-to-the-porridge-the-development-of-a-synthetic-cannabinoid-market-in-an-english-prison
#17
Rob Ralphs, Lisa Williams, Rebecca Askew, Anna Norton
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the annual report of the Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons (HMIP) for England and Wales raised concerns regarding New Psychoactive Substance (NPS) use in custody, specifically the consumption of synthetic cannabinoids. To date, however, the use of these substances in prison populations, and the markets that have emerged to facilitate it, have been under-researched. METHODS: Our research was conducted in an English adult male prison using multi-method techniques...
December 7, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938639/staying-healthy-under-the-sheets-inuit-youth-experiences-of-access-to-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-arviat-nunavut-canada
#18
Gregory J Corosky, Astrid Blystad
BACKGROUND: Inuit youth are reported to experience considerably worse sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) outcomes than Canadian youth in general, as evidenced through public health data on sexually transmitted infections, unintended young pregnancies and rates of sexual violence in Nunavut compared to national averages. Existing literature on Inuit SRHR has identified the impact of westernization and colonialism on health outcomes, though gaps remain in addressing youth- and community-specific experiences of SRHR...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925114/the-occurrence-of-external-causes-in-childhood-in-emergency-care-epidemiological-aspects-brazil-2014
#19
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Mércia Gomes Oliveira de Carvalho, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Jovina Quintes Avanci, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
Objective: To describe emergency care for external causes in childhood, age group 0-9 years, in Brazilian capitals, collected from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA) Survey in 2014. Methods: To review data from the VIVA survey conducted in public emergency services in 24 Brazilian capitals. Variables analyzed were gender, age group (0-1 years, 2-5 years and 6-9 years), race/skin color, type of events and injuries, aggressors and other. Results: Eight thousand five hundred eighty-eight children received care, of which 8,164 (95%) were victims of accidents and 424 (5%) of violence...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925107/characteristics-of-motorcyclists-involved-in-road-traffic-accidents-attended-at-public-urgent-and-emergency-services
#20
Márcio Dênis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Rayone Moreira Costa Veloso Souto, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Cheila Marina de Lima, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro
Injuries resulting from motorcycle road traffic accidents are an important public health issue in Brazil. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of motorcyclists involved in traffic accidents attended in public urgent and emergency services in the state capitals and the Federal District. This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Violence and Accident Surveillance System (VIVA Survey) in 2014. Data were analyzed according to sociodemographic, event and attendance characteristics. Proportional differences between genders were analyzed by chi-square test (Rao-Scott) with 5% significance level...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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