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Violence in emergency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125962/retrospective-evaluation-of-project-envision-a-community-mobilization-pilot-program-to-prevent-sexual-violence-in-new-york-city
#1
Lily Glenn, Laura Fidler, Meghan O'Connor, Mary Haviland, Deborah Fry, Tamara Pollak, Victoria Frye
Sexual violence is a public health problem associated with short- and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Most interventions that aim to prevent sexual violence before it occurs target individual-level change or promote bystander training. Community-level interventions, while increasingly recommended in the sexual violence prevention field, are rarely documented in peer-reviewed literature. This paper is a targeted process evaluation of Project Envision, a 6-year pilot initiative to address social norms at the root of sexual violence through coalition building and community mobilization in three New York City neighborhoods, and reflects the perspectives of those charged with designing and implementing the program...
November 2, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117641/increasing-workplace-violence-in-an-australian-adult-emergency-department
#2
Shradha Nikathil, Alexander Olaussen, Evan Symons, Robert Gocentas, Gerard O'Reilly, Biswadev Mitra
OBJECTIVE: Workplace violence (WPV) is an increasingly concerning occupational hazard within the ED. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence and characteristics of WPV in an adult ED. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to identify the incidence of ED WPV in an adult metropolitan ED. Data were obtained from the activity records of security staff from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015 for all incidents of patient-perpetrated violence...
November 8, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117244/re-establishing-safer-medical-circumcision-integrated-initiation-ceremonies-for-hiv-prevention-in-a-rural-setting-in-papua-new-guinea-a-multi-method-acceptability-study
#3
Clement Morris Manineng, David MacLaren, Maggie Baigry, Emil Trowalle, Reinhold Muller, Andrew Vallely, Patrick Gesch, Francis Hombhanje, William John McBride
BACKGROUND: Efforts to stem the spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are hampered by multiple interrelated factors including limited health services, extreme diversities in culture and language and highly prevalent gender inequity, domestic violence and poverty. In the rural district of Yangoru-Saussia, a revival of previously ceased male initiation ceremonies (MICs) is being considered for a comprehensive approach to HIV prevention. In this study, we explore the local acceptability of this undertaking including replacing traditional penile cutting practices with medical male circumcision (MMC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111227/african-american-males-in-chicago-pathways-from-early-childhood-intervention-to-reduced-violence
#4
Alison Giovanelli, Momoko Hayakawa, Michelle M Englund, Arthur J Reynolds
PURPOSE: Extreme youth violence is a salient public health crisis in Chicago, particularly among African-American males. This article examines mechanisms through which a preschool intervention program, the Child-Parent Center program, in inner-city Chicago may divert high-risk males from pathways leading to violent criminal behavior. METHODS: We conducted a path analysis from early environmental factors to socioemotional competencies through parent involvement and achievement to violent arrest in emerging adulthood...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100564/the-issue-of-violence-in-the-emergency-setting
#5
EDITORIAL
Anne Manton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096592/-safe-yet-violent-women-s-experiences-with-obstetric-violence-during-hospital-births-in-rural-northeast-india
#6
Sreeparna Chattopadhyay, Arima Mishra, Suraj Jacob
The majority of maternal health interventions in India focus on increasing institutional deliveries to reduce maternal mortality, typically by incentivising village health workers to register births and making conditional cash transfers to mothers for hospital births. Based on over 15 months of ethnographically informed fieldwork conducted between 2015 and 2017 in rural Assam, the Indian state with the highest recorded rate of maternal deaths, we find that while there has been an expansion in institutional deliveries, the experience of childbirth in government facilities is characterised by obstetric violence...
November 3, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089165/a-case-of-intrauterine-lethal-fetal-injury-after-attempted-suicide-of-the-mother
#7
Lucia Tattoli, Giancarlo Di Vella, Biagio Solarino
Traumatic injuries in pregnancy such as abdominal trauma, pelvic fractures and penetrating trauma are major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The most common causes of trauma during pregnancy are motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, gunshots, and burns. Pregnancy itself has been identified as a risk factor for trauma, together with a younger age, drug use, alcohol use, and domestic violence. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, who attempted suicide by jumping from a flyover, immediately after a probably deliberate traffic collision with the guardrail...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084129/analysis-of-incidents-of-violence-in-a-large-italian-hospital
#8
Dimitri Sossai, Francesco Stefano Molina, Mario Amore, Giovanna Ferrandes, Elena Sarcletti, Gabriella Biffa, Simone Accorsi, Martino Belvederi Murri, Marzia Jole Tomellini, Francesco Copello
INTRODUCTION: An increase in the rate of non-fatal violence events, from 20.65/10,000 in 2012 to 22.81/10,000 in 2014, was observed at the IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino in Genoa. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the incidence and outcome of the phenomenon of violence, by identifying the type of aggressive event and the ward in which it occurred, assuming that the occurrence is evenly distributed and not only limited to the psychiatric or to the emergency department...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081605/robot-wars-us-empire-and-geopolitics-in-the-robotic-age
#9
Ian Gr Shaw
How will the robot age transform warfare? What geopolitical futures are being imagined by the US military? This article constructs a robotic futurology to examine these crucial questions. Its central concern is how robots - driven by leaps in artificial intelligence and swarming - are rewiring the spaces and logics of US empire, warfare, and geopolitics. The article begins by building a more-than-human geopolitics to de-center the role of humans in conflict and foreground a worldly understanding of robots. The article then analyzes the idea of US empire, before speculating upon how and why robots are materializing new forms of proxy war...
October 2017: Secur Dialogue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077999/caregiver-responses-to-child-posttraumatic-distress-a-qualitative-study-in-a-high-risk-context-in-south-africa
#10
Victoria Williamson, Ian Butler, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Hope Christie, Jackie Stewart, Sarah L Halligan
Many low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have high rates of child trauma exposure and limited access to psychological services. Caregivers are often a child's key source of support following trauma in such contexts. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of primary caregivers in supporting their child posttrauma. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 20 female caregivers from a high-risk settlement in Cape Town following child trauma exposure. Children were exposed to significant traumatic events, including gang violence, assault, and fatalities of close relatives...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063901/eclampsia-in-rural-nigeria-the-unmitigating-catastrophe
#11
Chidi Ochu Uzoma Esike, Ukaegbe Ikechi Chukwuemeka, Okechukwu Bonaventure Anozie, Justus Ndulue Eze, Obioma Christian Aluka, Deirdre Eilleen Twomey
INTRODUCTION: Eclampsia is one of the most dreaded causes of adverse outcomes of pregnancy worldwide. It is one of the greatest causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality world over. We do not know the prevalence, management outcome, and the devastation caused by this dreaded disease in our center hence the need for this work. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a 7-year retrospective review of all cases of eclampsia managed in Mater Misericordiae Hospital Afikpo, a rural secondary cum referral Catholic Mission Hospital in Afikpo, Ebonyi State in Southeastern Nigeria...
October 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059689/in-state-and-interstate-associations-between-gun-shows-and-firearm-deaths-and-injuries-a-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Ellicott C Matthay, Jessica Galin, Kara E Rudolph, Kriszta Farkas, Garen J Wintemute, Jennifer Ahern
Background: Gun shows are an important source of firearms, but no adequately powered studies have examined whether they are associated with increases in firearm injuries. Objective: To determine whether gun shows are associated with short-term increases in local firearm injuries and whether this association differs by the state in which the gun show is held. Design: Quasi-experimental. Setting: California. Participants: Persons in California within driving distance of gun shows...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057802/patient-aggression-and-the-wellbeing-of-nurses-a-cross-sectional-survey-study-in-psychiatric-and-non-psychiatric-settings
#13
Virve Pekurinen, Laura Willman, Marianna Virtanen, Mika Kivimäki, Jussi Vahtera, Maritta Välimäki
Wellbeing of nurses is associated with patient aggression. Little is known about the differences in these associations between nurses working in different specialties. We aimed to estimate and compare the prevalence of patient aggression and the associations between patient aggression and the wellbeing of nurses in psychiatric and non-psychiatric specialties (medical and surgical, and emergency medicine). A sample of 5288 nurses (923 psychiatric nurses, 4070 medical and surgical nurses, 295 emergency nurses) participated in the study...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057156/improving-outcomes-for-children-exposed-to-violence-safe-start-promising-approaches
#14
Dana Schultz, Lisa H Jaycox, Lynsay Ayer, Claude Messan Setodji, Ammarah Mahmud, Aaron Kofner, Dionne Barnes-Proby
Children's exposure to violence is common and can lead to mental health problems and delinquent behaviors. Because many interventions have focused on specific violence types or symptoms and been difficult to implement in real-world settings, the evidence base is still emerging. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Safe Start Promising Approaches (SSPA) initiative focused on preventing and reducing the impact of children's exposure to violence through interventions in ten diverse communities...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056592/a-shared-data-approach-more-accurately-represents-the-rates-and-patterns-of-violence-with-injury-assaults
#15
Benjamin J Gray, Emma R Barton, Alisha R Davies, Sara J Long, Janine Roderick, Mark A Bellis
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether sharing and linking routinely collected violence data across health and criminal justice systems can provide a more comprehensive understanding of violence, establish patterns of under-reporting and better inform the development, implementation and evaluation of violence prevention initiatives. METHODS: Police violence with injury (VWI) crimed data and emergency department (ED) assault attendee data for South Wales were collected between 1 April 2014 and 31 March 2016 to examine the rates and patterns of VWI...
October 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055647/sextortion-of-minors-characteristics-and-dynamics
#16
Janis Wolak, David Finkelhor, Wendy Walsh, Leah Treitman
PURPOSE: Sextortion (threats to expose sexual images to coerce victims to provide additional pictures, sex, or other favors) has been identified as an emerging online threat to youth, but research is scarce. We describe sextortion incidents from a large sample of victims (n = 1,385) and examine whether incidents occurring to minors (n = 572) are more or less serious than those experienced by young adults (n = 813). METHODS: We ran advertising campaigns on Facebook to recruit victims of sextortion, ages 18-25, for an online survey...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055381/mimetic-theory-and-the-evolutionary-paradox-of-schizophrenia-the-archetypal-scapegoat-hypothesis
#17
Daniel Vincent Riordan
Schizophrenia poses an evolutionary paradox, being genetically mediated yet associated with reduced fecundity. Numerous hypotheses have attempted to address this, but few describe how the schizophrenic phenotype itself might constitute an evolutionary adaptation. This paper draws on René Girard's theory on human origins, which claims that humans evolved a tendency to mimic both the desires and the behaviours of each other (mimetic theory). This would have promoted social cohesion and co-operation, but at the cost of intra-group rivalry and conflict...
October 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030014/nurses-intention-to-resign-and-avoidance-of-emergency-department-violence-a-moderated-mediation-model
#18
Yu-Fang Li, Minston Chao, Chih-Ting Shih
BACKGROUND: Studies that examined the negative impact of violence in emergency departments on nurses' leave and avoidance behavior are well-documented. However, few studies provided an integrated model of how and when violence influences their leave and avoidance behavior. PURPOSE: The study adopted Affective Events Theory to propose and examine a model of violent events, negative emotions, and (leave and avoidance) behaviors on nurses in emergency departments and further analyzed whether the model is salient to nurses' occupational burnout, nursing experience, and nursing rank...
October 10, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021008/medication-review-and-transitions-of-care-a-case-report-of-a-decade-old-medication-error
#19
Rachel Comer, Mitsi Lizer
A 69-year-old Caucasian male with a 25-year history of paranoid schizophrenia was brought to the emergency department because of violence toward the staff in his nursing facility. He was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection and was admitted to the behavioral health unit for medication stabilization. History included a five-year state psychiatric hospital admission and nursing facility placement. Because of poor cognitive function, the patient was unable to corroborate medication history, so the pharmacy student on rotation performed an in-depth chart review...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020505/socioecological-factors-related-to-hazardous-alcohol-use-among-female-sex-workers-in-lilongwe-malawi-a-mixed-methods-study
#20
Kathryn E Lancaster, Sarah A MacLean, Thandie Lungu, Pearson Mmodzi, Mina C Hosseinipour, Rebecca B Hershow, Kimberly A Powers, Brian W Pence, Irving F Hoffman, William C Miller, Vivian F Go
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use is pervasive among female sex workers (FSW) placing them at increased risk of violence and sexual risk behaviors. FSW often live and work where alcohol is highly normative. OBJECTIVE: To understand the socioecological influences on hazardous alcohol use among FSW in Malawi. METHODS: In 2014, 200 FSW identified through venue-based sampling in Lilongwe, Malawi, completed a quantitative behavioral survey, with a sub-sample participating in qualitative interviews...
October 11, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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