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Violence in emergency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789019/adolescents-perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnancy-in-refugee-and-migrant-communities-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border-a-qualitative-study
#1
Carine Asnong, Gracia Fellmeth, Emma Plugge, Nan San Wai, Mupawjay Pimanpanarak, Moo Kho Paw, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Adolescent pregnancy remains a global health concern, contributing to 11% of all births worldwide and 23% of the overall burden of disease in girls aged 15-19 years. Premature motherhood can create a negative cycle of adverse health, economic and social outcomes for young women, their babies and families. Refugee and migrant adolescent girls might be particularly at risk due to poverty, poor education and health infrastructure, early marriage, limited access to contraception and traditional beliefs...
May 22, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788913/prevalence-and-outcome-of-injury-in-patients-visiting-the-emergency-department-of-yirgalem-general-hospital-southern-ethiopia
#2
Abel Negussie, Andarge Getie, Elias Manaye, Tamrat Tekle
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injuries continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Despite the high burden of injury in Ethiopia, the occurrence and health impact have not received due attention. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and outcome of injury among patients visiting the Emergency Department (ED) of Yirgalem General Hospital, southern Ethiopia. METHODS: A facility-based prospective cross sectional study was conducted from March, 27 - April, 30/2017...
May 22, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788761/prevalence-of-gambling-related-harm-provides-evidence-for-the-prevention-paradox
#3
Matthew Browne, Matthew J Rockloff
Background The prevention paradox (PP) describes a situation in which a greater number of cases of a disease-state come from low-risk members of a population, because they are more prevalent than high-risk members. Past research has provided only tangential and disputed evidence to support the application of the PP to gambling-related harm. Aims To assess whether the PP applies to gambling, the prevalence of a large set (72) of diverse harmful consequences from gambling was examined across four risk categories for problem gambling, including no-risk, low-risk, moderate-risk, and problem-gambling...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779149/an-invitation-to-travel-in-an-interethnic-arena-listening-carefully-to-amerindian-leaders-speeches
#4
Rafaela Waddington Achatz, Danilo Silva Guimarães
In this article, we identify usual difficulties faced by Brazilian psychologists when dealing with Amerindian Peoples, concerning the systematic violence experienced by those Peoples, who have been suffering and fighting against a process of genocide and ethnocide. To identify those difficulties, we analysed speeches of Amerindian leaders of the State of São Paulo - Guarani Mbya, Pankararu, Xavante, Baniwa, Tupi - Guarani, Terena, Kaingang and Krenak - which were addressed to psychologists. Those speeches were delivered in events promoted by CRP-SP in 2010 and in the 2nd and 3rd Forums "The Amerindian presence in São Paulo" at the Institute of Psychology (USP), in 2014...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768621/sexual-violence-against-women-and-care-in-the-health-sector-in-santa-catarina-brazil
#5
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Elza Berger Salema Coelho, Eleonora d'Orsi, Sheila Rubia Lindner
This is a study on sexual violence against women in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina notified to the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) in the period 20082013. It aimed to estimate pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) resulting from sexual violence and to test the association between pregnancy, STIs and care provided in health services. In total, 1,230 pregnancy notifications and 1.316 STI notifications were analyzed. Variables were age, schooling, time to receive care, STI prophylaxis, emergency contraception, number of perpetrators and recurrent violence, which were analyzed using proportions and 95% confidence intervals...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766630/violence-committed-against-nursing-staff-by-patients-in-psychiatric-outpatient-settings
#6
REVIEW
Jenni Konttila, Hanna-Mari Pesonen, Helvi Kyngäs
Violence against nurses has increased particularly in psychiatric outpatient settings as psychiatric care shifts from being inpatient-based to being outpatient-based. Violence is a complex phenomenon that must be explored in different psychiatric nursing environments and settings. Violence in psychiatric outpatient settings should especially be explored as violence in this context has scarcely been examined. The aim of this systematic review was to elucidate violence committed against nursing staff by patients in adult psychiatric outpatient settings, based on reports from previous studies...
May 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764468/development-and-implementation-of-a-geographical-area-categorisation-method-with-targeted-performance-indicators-for-nationwide-ems-in-finland
#7
Jukka Pappinen, Päivi Laukkanen-Nevala, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Jouni Kurola
BACKGROUND: In Finland, hospital districts (HD) are required by law to determine the level and availability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) for each 1-km2 sized area (cell) within their administrative area. The cells are currently categorised into five risk categories based on the predicted number of missions. Methodological defects and insufficient instructions have led to incomparability between EMS services. The aim of this study was to describe a new, nationwide method for categorising the cells, analyse EMS response time data and describe possible differences in mission profiles between the new risk category areas...
May 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763533/assessing-risk-for-future-firearms-violence-in-young-people-who-present-to-ed
#8
(no author information available yet)
A new clinical index tool designed specifically for the emergency environment predicts the risk for future firearms violence in young people 14-24 years of age. The approach employs a brief, 10-point instrument that can be administered in one to two minutes, according to investigators. They also note that while the tool is based on data from a single ED in Flint, Ml, the tool should be applicable to urban EDs in regions that have similar characteristics. To create the tool, investigators used data from the Flint Youth Injury Study, an investigation of a group of patients 14-24 years of age who reported using drugs in the previous six months and accessed care at a Level I trauma center...
June 2017: ED Management: the Monthly Update on Emergency Department Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763395/what-is-the-institutional-duty-of-trauma-systems-to-respond-to-gun-violence
#9
Sara Scarlet, Selwyn O Rogers
In the past, trauma centers have almost exclusively focused on caring for patients who suffer from physical trauma resulting from violence. However, as clinicians' perspectives on violence shift, violence prevention and intervention have been increasingly recognized as integral aspects of trauma care. Hospital-based violence intervention programs are an emerging strategy for ending the cycle of violence by focusing efforts in the trauma center context. These programs, with their multipronged, community-based approach, have shown great potential in reducing trauma recidivism by leveraging the acute experience of violence as an opportunity to introduce services and assess risk of re-injury...
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759261/deriving-a-framework-for-a-systems-approach-to-agitated-patient-care-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Ambrose H Wong, Halley Ruppel, Lauren J Crispino, Alana Rosenberg, Joanne D Iennaco, Federico E Vaca
BACKGROUND: The rising agitated patient population presenting to the emergency department (ED) has caused increasing safety threats for health care workers and patients. Development of evidence-based strategies has been limited by the lack of a structured framework to examine agitated patient care in the ED. In this study, a systems approach from the patient safety literature was used to derive a comprehensive theoretical framework for addressing ED patient agitation. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was used with ED staff members at an academic site and a community site of a regional health care network...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756559/help-seeking-behaviors-for-intimate-partner-violence-perpetration-by-men-receiving-substance-use-treatment-a-mixed-methods-secondary-analysis
#11
Nozomu Hashimoto, Polly Radcliffe, Gail Gilchrist
Despite the high prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration by men receiving substance use treatment, little is known about their help-seeking behaviors for IPV. A secondary analysis of a mixed-methods study of men receiving substance use treatment who perpetrated IPV examined the prevalence, characteristics, and barriers associated with IPV perpetration disclosure and help-seeking. In total, 170 men were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, and a subsample of 20 were interviewed in-depth about their experiences...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748941/health-risk-behaviours-of-palestinian-youth-findings-from-a-representative-survey
#12
Peter Glick, Umaiyeh Al-Khammash, Mohammed Shaheen, Ryan Brown, Prodyumna Goutam, Rita Karam, Sebastian Linnemayr, Salwa Massad
Background: There is little systematic information about health risk behaviours among youth in Middle Eastern countries, leaving public health authorities unprepared to deal with emerging public health threats at a time of major social change. Aim: The Palestinian Youth Health Risk study investigates patterns of risk behaviours among Palestinian youth, their perceptions of the risks and benefits of such behaviours, and the relationship of exposure to violence with mental health and engagement in risk behaviours...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746475/realization-of-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities-in-rwanda
#13
Janet Njelesani, Jenna Siegel, Emily Ullrich
This scoping study assessed the realization of the rights for persons with disabilities in Rwanda since the signing of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UN CRPD) in 2008. Underpinned by the five-stage framework of Arksey and O'Malley, the scoping study examined peer-reviewed literature published between 2008 and 2017. Nine electronic databases were searched using keywords specific to disability in Rwanda. Data were charted by three reviewers according to pre-determined and emergent categories...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742625/integrating-population-health-data-on-violence-into-the-emergency-department-a-feasibility-and-implementation-study
#14
Michael N Levas, Jennifer L Hernandez-Meier, Sara Kohlbeck, Nancy Piotrowski, Stephen Hargarten
Geocoded emergency department (ED) data have allowed for the development and evaluation of novel interventions for the prevention of violence in cities outside of the United States. First implemented in Cardiff, United Kingdom, collection of these data provides public health agencies, community organizations, and law enforcement with place-based information on assaults. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of translating this model within the electronic medical record (EMR) in the United States...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739398/the-staff-observation-aggression-scale-revised-soas-r-adjustment-and-validation-for-emergency-primary-health-care
#15
Tone Morken, Valborg Baste, Grethe E Johnsen, Knut Rypdal, Tom Palmstierna, Ingrid Hjulstad Johansen
BACKGROUND: Many emergency primary health care workers experience aggressive behaviour from patients or visitors. Simple incident-reporting procedures exist for inpatient, psychiatric care, but a similar and simple incident-report for other health care settings is lacking. The aim was to adjust a pre-existing form for reporting aggressive incidents in a psychiatric inpatient setting to the emergency primary health care settings. We also wanted to assess the validity of the severity scores in emergency primary health care...
May 8, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733669/suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-following-natural-disaster-the-role-of-prior-interpersonal-violence
#16
Kelly L Zuromski, Heidi Resnick, Matthew Price, Sandro Galea, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined variables, including prior traumatic events, disaster exposure, and current mental health symptomatology, associated with suicidal ideation following experience of a natural disaster. METHOD: Utilizing a sample of 2,000 adolescents exposed to the spring 2011 tornadoes in the areas surrounding Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, we hypothesized that prior interpersonal violence (IPV), more so than other prior traumatic events or other symptoms, would be associated with suicidal ideation after the disaster...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727059/obstetric-violence-a-latin-american-legal-response-to-mistreatment-during-childbirth
#17
Caitlin R Williams, Celeste Jerez, Karen Klein, Malena Correa, José M Belizán, Gabriela Cormick
Over the last several years, a new legal construct has emerged in Latin America that encompasses elements of quality of obstetric care and mistreatment of women during childbirth - both issues of global maternal health import. Termed "obstetric violence," this legal construct refers to disrespectful and abusive treatment that women may experience from health care providers during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period, as well as other elements of poor quality care, such as failure to adhere to evidence-based best practices...
May 4, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724216/intimate-partner-violence-forced-first-sex-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-a-sample-of-zimbabwean-women-accessing-maternal-and-child-health-care
#18
Simukai Shamu, Stephen Munjanja, Christina Zarowsky, Patience Shamu, Marleen Temmerman, Naeemah Abrahams
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) remains a serious problem with a wide range of health consequences including poor maternal and newborn health outcomes. We assessed the relationship between IPV, forced first sex (FFS) and maternal and newborn health outcomes. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted with 2042 women aged 15-49 years attending postnatal care at six clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe, 2011. Women were interviewed on IPV while maternal and newborn health data were abstracted from clinic records...
May 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723029/youth-victimization-profiles-and-change-in-mental-health-symptoms-over-one-year
#19
Lynsay Ayer, Lisa H Jaycox, Claude Setodji, Dana Schultz, Rosalie Malsberger, Aaron Kofner
OBJECTIVE: To understand how youth PTSD symptoms and externalizing problems emerge and change over time for youth with different profiles of victimization, including polyvictimization. METHOD: We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) to identify empirically derived victimization profiles in a sample of 2,776 youth who participated in an evaluation study. We then conducted growth curve analyses to determine whether these victimization profiles predicted change in the course of PTSD symptoms and externalizing problems over a 1-year time period for youth engaged in a variety of community-based services...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720047/comprehensive-sexuality-education-as-a-primary-prevention-strategy-for-sexual-violence-perpetration
#20
Madeline Schneider, Jennifer S Hirsch
Sexual violence (SV) represents a serious public health problem with high rates and numerous health consequences. Current primary prevention strategies to reduce SV perpetration have been shown to be largely ineffective-not surprisingly, since as others have pointed out current prevention largely fails to draw on existing knowledge about the characteristics of effective prevention. In this article, we examine the potential of K-12 comprehensive sexuality education (CSE), guided by the National Sexuality Education Standards (NSES), to be an effective strategy...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
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