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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110514/the-relationship-of-sport-participation-to-provision-of-sports-facilities-and-socioeconomic-status-a-geographical-analysis
#1
Rochelle M Eime, Jack Harvey, Melanie J Charity, Meghan Casey, Hans Westerbeek, Warren R Payne
OBJECTIVE: Ecological models have been applied to investigate multiple domains influencing physical activity behaviour, including individual, social, organisational, community, environmental and policy factors. With regard to the built environment, research to date has been limited to small geographical areas and/or small samples of participants. This study examined the geographical association between provision of sport facilities and participation in sport across an entire Australian state, using objective total enumerations of both, for a group of sports, with adjustment for the effect of socioeconomic status (SES)...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110488/examining-mortality-and-rejection-in-combined-heart-lung-transplantations
#2
Sagar Kadakia, Sharven Taghavi, Senthil Jayarajan, Vishnu Ambur, Grayson Wheatley, Larry Kaiser, Yoshiya Toyoda
Background There is a paucity of data on outcomes related to combined heart-lung transplantations (HLTs). Our objective was to identify variables associated with mortality and rejection in HLT. Methods The United Network for Organ Sharing database was reviewed for HLT performed between 1993 and 2008. Long-term survivors (survival > 5 years) were compared with short-term survivors (survival < 5 years). Factors associated with rejection were examined. Risk-adjusted multivariable Cox's proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to examine variables associated with mortality and rejection...
January 22, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110387/caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-in-different-intrauterine-environments-and-its-association-with-infant-anthropometric-measurements-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#3
Thamíris Santos de Medeiros, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Mariana Lopes de Brito, Vera Lucia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
Objective To investigate the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and infant anthropometric measurements at age 3 and 6 months. Methods Longitudinal observational study of mother-child pairs stratified into five groups: diabetic women (DM), hypertensive women (HYP), smoking mothers (SMO), mothers of infants small for gestational age (SGA), and controls (CTL). Pairs were recruited from three public hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, using a convenience sampling strategy...
January 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110385/the-prevalence-of-anticitrullinated-protein-antibodies-increases-with-age-in-healthy-individuals-at-risk-for-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
D Alpizar-Rodriguez, Laure Brulhart, Ruediger B Mueller, Burkhard Möller, Jean Dudler, Adrian Ciurea, Ulrich A Walker, Ines Von Mühlenen, Diego Kyburz, Pascal Zufferey, Michael Mahler, Sylvette Bas, Danielle Gascon, Céline Lamacchia, Pascale Roux-Lombard, Kim Lauper, Michael J Nissen, Delphine S Courvoisier, Cem Gabay, Axel Finckh
Transition from genetic risk to the development of systemic autoimmunity associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is considered a key step for the development of RA and often referred to as the immune onset of the disease. The aim of this study is to identify predictors for the presence of anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) as a marker of systemic autoimmunity associated with RA in a high-risk population, an ongoing cohort of first-degree relatives of patients with RA. We assessed the presence of ACPA in individuals without clinical evidence of RA...
January 21, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110382/economic-evaluations-alongside-efficient-study-designs-using-large-observational-datasets-the-pleasant-trial-case-study
#5
Matthew Franklin, Sarah Davis, Michelle Horspool, Wei Sun Kua, Steven Julious
BACKGROUND: Large observational datasets such as Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) provide opportunities to conduct clinical studies and economic evaluations with efficient designs. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to report the economic evaluation methodology for a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a UK NHS-delivered public health intervention for children with asthma that was evaluated using CPRD and describe the impact of this methodology on results...
January 21, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110327/mortality-after-renal-allograft-failure-and-return-to-dialysis
#6
Amarpali Brar, Mariana Markell, Dimitre G Stefanov, Edem Timpo, Rahul M Jindal, Robert Nee, Nabil Sumrani, Devon John, Fasika Tedla, Moro O Salifu
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of patients who fail their kidney transplant and return to dialysis (RTD) has not been investigated in a nationally representative sample. We hypothesized that variations in management of transplant chronic kidney disease stage 5 leading to kidney allograft failure (KAF) and RTD, such as access, nutrition, timing of dialysis, and anemia management predict long-term survival. METHODS: We used an incident cohort of patients from the United States Renal Data System who initiated hemodialysis between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2008, after KAF...
January 21, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110317/the-effect-of-sunblock-against-oxidative-stress-in-farmers-a-pilot-study
#7
Kim Yong-Dae, Yim Dong-Hyuk, Eom Sang-Yong, Yeoun Lee Ji, Kim Heon
Farmers are frequently exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation which causes various diseases by inducing oxidative stress. This study aimed to assess the effects of sunblock on oxidative stress in the body. Eighty-seven farmers were divided into two groups: those who wore sunblock for five days and those who did not. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in urine, which is an antioxidant indicator, and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels in urine, an oxidative stress indicator, were measured. The urinary TAC of sunblock users was significantly higher than that of non-users, but urinary 8-OHdG levels were not significantly different...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110290/guided-and-unguided-internet-based-vestibular-rehabilitation-versus-usual-care-for-dizzy-adults-of-50%C3%A2-years-and-older-a-protocol-for-a-three-armed-randomised-trial
#8
Vincent A van Vugt, Johannes C van der Wouden, Judith E Bosmans, Martin Smalbrugge, Willianne van Diest, Rosie Essery, Lucy Yardley, Henriëtte E van der Horst, Otto R Maarsingh
INTRODUCTION: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. An internet-based VR intervention has recently been shown to be safe and effective...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110289/associations-of-apolipoprotein-b-apolipoprotein-a-i-ratio-with-pre-diabetes-and-diabetes-risks-a-cross-sectional-study-in-chinese-adults
#9
Shuang Zheng, Tingting Han, Hua Xu, Huan Zhou, Xingxing Ren, Peihong Wu, Jun Zheng, Lihua Wang, Ming Zhang, Yihong Jiang, Yawen Chen, Huiying Qiu, Wei Liu, Yaomin Hu
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I (ApoB/ApoA-I) ratio is a useful predictor of cardiovascular risk. However, the association between the ApoB/ApoA-I ratio and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is still obscure. AIMS: To investigate the associations between the ApoB/ApoA-I ratio and the risk of T2DM and pre-diabetes in a Chinese population, and to assess the role of gender in these associations. METHODS: A stratified random sampling design was used in this cross-sectional study which included 264 men and 465 women with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), pre-diabetes or T2DM...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110284/injuries-caused-by-pets-in-asian-urban-households-a-cross-sectional-telephone-survey
#10
Emily Y Y Chan, Yang Gao, Liping Li, Po Yi Lee
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about pet-related injuries in Asian populations. This study primarily aimed to investigate the incidence rate of pet-related household injuries in Hong Kong, an urban Chinese setting. SETTING: Cantonese-speaking non-institutionalised population of all ages in Hong Kong accessible by telephone land-line. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 43 542 telephone numbers were dialled and 6570 residents successfully completed the interviews...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110276/photosynthesis-in-c3-c4-intermediate-moricandia-species
#11
Urte Schlüter, Andrea Bräutigam, Udo Gowik, Michael Melzer, Pascal-Antoine Christin, Samantha Kurz, Tabea Mettler-Altmann, Andreas Pm Weber
Evolution of C4 photosynthesis is not distributed evenly in the plant kingdom. Particularly interesting is the situation in the Brassicaceae, because the family contains no C4 species, but several C3-C4 intermediates, mainly in the genus Moricandia Investigation of leaf anatomy, gas exchange parameters, the metabolome, and the transcriptome of two C3-C4 intermediate Moricandia species, M. arvensis and M. suffruticosa, and their close C3 relative M. moricandioides enabled us to unravel the specific C3-C4 characteristics in these Moricandia lines...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110268/metabolic-and-physiological-adjustment-of-suaeda-maritima-to-combined-salinity-and-hypoxia
#12
Jan H Behr, Alain Bouchereau, Solenne Berardocco, Charlotte E Seal, Timothy J Flowers, Christian Zörb
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Suaeda maritima is a halophyte commonly found on coastal wetlands in the intertidal zone. Due to its habitat S. maritima has evolved tolerance to high salt concentrations and hypoxic conditions in the soil caused by periodic flooding. In the present work, the adaptive mechanisms of S. maritima to salinity combined with hypoxia were investigated on a physiological and metabolic level. METHODS: To compare the adaptive mechanisms to deficient, optimal and stressful salt concentrations, S...
January 20, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110265/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-disparate-policies-on-child-health-experimental-evidence-from-the-philippines
#13
John W Peabody, Stella Quimbo, Jhiedon Florentino, Riti Shimkhada, Xylee Javier, David Paculdo, Dean Jamison, Orville Solon
BACKGROUND  : Should health systems invest more in access to care by expanding insurance coverage or in health care services including improving the quality of care? Comparing these options experimentally would shed light on the impact and cost-effectiveness of these strategies. METHODS  : The Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) was a randomized policy experiment conducted across 30 districts in the Philippines. The study had a control group and two policy intervention groups intended to improve the health of young children...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110260/road-traffic-injuries-among-children-and-adolescents-in-singapore-who-is-at-greatest-risk
#14
Shu-Ling Chong, Arif Tyebally, Su Yah Chew, Yang Chern Lim, Xun Yi Feng, Sock Teng Chin, Lois K Lee
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric road traffic injuries remain a significant cause of death and disability in many countries in Asia, despite the implementation of road traffic safety laws. We aim to describe the injuries, the use of restraints among road users, and risk factors associated with severe injuries for children in Singapore. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of road traffic injuries presenting to the only two pediatric tertiary care hospitals in Singapore, from January 2012 to April 2016...
January 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110257/acidification-with-nitric-acid-improves-chemical-characteristics-and-reduces-phytotoxicity-of-alkaline-chars
#15
Fernando Fornes, Rosa Maria Belda
Charred organic matter is recently receiving attention for its potential use as soilless growth medium. However, depending on its origin and on the manufacturing technology, it can result toxic for plants. This fact implies that a detoxifying treatment ought to be devised in order to reclaim char in this way. We have studied three materials which combine these factors: two pyrolyzed biochars, one from forest waste (BCH-FW) and another from olive mill waste (BCH-OMW), and one hydrothermally carbonized hydrochar from forest waste (HYD-FW)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110238/pre-pregnancy-weight-change-and-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-finding-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Akilew Awoke Adane, Leigh R Tooth, Gita D Mishra
AIMS: In a population-based cohort study we examined the associations between early adult pre-pregnancy weight change and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: The study included 3111 women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. These women have been surveyed regularly since 1996. Women without diabetes and GDM were followed-up between 2003 and 2012. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the effect of baseline (1996, mean age 20years) and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and the pre-pregnancy weight changes on the incidence of GDM...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110211/methyl-mercury-but-not-inorganic-mercury-associated-with-higher-blood-pressure-during-pregnancy
#17
Ellen M Wells, Julie B Herbstman, Yu Hong Lin, Joseph R Hibbeln, Rolf U Halden, Frank R Witter, Lynn R Goldman
Prior studies addressing associations between mercury and blood pressure have produced inconsistent findings; some of this may result from measuring total instead of speciated mercury. This cross-sectional study of 263 pregnant women assessed total mercury, speciated mercury, selenium, and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in umbilical cord blood and blood pressure during labor and delivery. Models with a) total mercury or b) methyl and inorganic mercury were evaluated. Regression models adjusted for maternal age, race/ethnicity, prepregnancy body mass index, neighborhood income, parity, smoking, n-3 fatty acids and selenium...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110170/tailoring-polymeric-hybrid-micelles-with-lymph-node-targeting-ability-to-improve-the-potency-of-cancer-vaccines
#18
Qin Zeng, Hanmei Li, Hao Jiang, Jiao Yu, Ying Wang, Huan Ke, Tao Gong, Zhirong Zhang, Xun Sun
It has been widely accepted that lymph nodes (LNs) are critical targets of cancer vaccines and particles sized between 10 and 100 nm with a neutral or negative surface charge are preferred for lymphatic transfer after subcutaneous or intradermal injection. However their limited uptake by antigen presenting cells (APCs) and inadequate retention within LNs undoubtedly restrains their strength on activating T cell immunity. Here, we address this issue by tailoring the physicochemical properties of polymeric hybrid micelles (HMs), which are self-assembled from two amphiphilic diblock copolymers, poly-(ethylene glycol) phosphorethanolamine (PEG-PE) and polyethylenimine-stearic acid conjugate (PSA) via hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions...
January 11, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110159/manganese-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-during-pregnancy-in-japan-baseline-data-from-the-kyushu-okinawa-maternal-and-child-health-study
#19
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
BACKGROUND: One epidemiological study in Canada has addressed the association between zinc intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy while another epidemiological study in Korea has examined the association between iron intake and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The present cross-sectional study in Japan examined the association between intake of zinc, magnesium, iron, copper, and manganese and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: Study subjects were 1745 pregnant women...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110134/concentrations-of-fluoride-in-water-and-plasma-for-us-children-and-adolescents-data-from-nhanes-2013-2014
#20
Ram B Jain
For the first time, for 2013-2014, as part of ongoing National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, data for fluoride concentrations in water and plasma for U.S. children and adolescents were released in the public domain. This study was undertaken to investigate how fluoride concentrations vary in water and plasma with age, gender, race/ethnicity, housing ownership, use of prescription fluoride drops and/or tablets, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, and recent use of tobacco products (among adolescents)...
January 17, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
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