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Emergency department fast track

Sharyn J Plath, Mary Wright, Julia Hocking
Nurse Practitioners (NPs) receive core clinical training at master's level, with their employer providing the opportunity to upskill in clinical and procedural competencies. It is increasingly recognised that this generic education requires supplementary training for operating effectively within a specific clinical environment. In this paper we describe a pilot program designed to train Australian NP Candidates to work effectively within the Emergency Department Fast Track model of care. The training program consisted of a 12-month period: four hours in-house training per week over two semesters, running concurrently with the NP candidate's University semesters, and 3 months' clinical practice to consolidate...
August 16, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
Omar Al Kadhi, Kate Manley, Madhavi Natarajan, Valmiki Lutchmedial, Abbi Forsyth, Kate Tabrett, Jonathan Betteridge, William Finch, Heinrich Hollis
INTRODUCTION: Renal colic is commonly encountered in the emergency department (ED). We validated a fast track renal colic (FTRC) initiative to decrease patient waiting times and streamline patient flow. METHOD: The FTRC pathway was devised according to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence clinical summary criteria for the management of patients with suspected renal colic. ED triage nurses use the pathway to identify patients with likely renal colic suitable for fast track to analgesia, investigation and management...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Byungjoon B J Kim, Theodore R Delbridge, Dawn B Kendrick
Purpose Two different systems for streaming patients were considered to improve efficiency measures such as waiting times (WTs) and length of stay (LOS) for a current emergency department (ED). A typical fast track area (FTA) and a fast track with a wait time threshold (FTW) were designed and compared effectiveness measures from the perspective of total opportunity cost of all patients' WTs in the ED. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach This retrospective case study used computerized ED patient arrival to discharge time logs (between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2010) to build computer simulation models for the FTA and fast track with wait time threshold systems...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Nigel Gilchrist, Kristian Dalzell, Scott Pearson, Gary Hooper, Kit Hoeben, Jeremy Hickling, John McKie, Ma Yi, Sandra Chamberlain, Caroline McCullough, Marc Gutenstein
The increasing elderly population and subsequent rise in total hip fracture(s) in this group means more effective management strategies are necessary to improve efficiency. We have changed our patient care strategy from the emergency department (ED), acute orthopaedic wards, operating theatre, post-operation and rehabilitation, and called it Fracture Neck of Femur Fast Track Pathway. All clinical data and actions were captured, integrated and displayed on a weekly basis using 'signalfromnoise' (SFN) software...
May 12, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Fatemeh Rezaei, Abbas Haghshenas, Nahid Tavakoli
Emergency departments (EDs) are the most challenging ward with respect to patient delay. The goal of this study is to present strategies that have proven to reduce delay and overcrowding in EDs. In this review article, initial electronic database search resulted in a total of 1006 articles. Thirty articles were included after reviewing full texts. Inclusion criteria were assessments of real patient flows and implementing strategies inside the hospitals. In this study, we discussed strategies of team triage, point-of-care testing, ideal ED patient journey models, streaming, and fast track...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
Mohammed Al-Talib, Isla Leslie
Many hospitals deploy Medical Emergency (MET) and Cardiac Arrest teams to improve the management and treatment of patients who become critically ill. In many cases, blood results are key in allowing the clinicians involved in these teams to make definitive management decisions for these patients. Following anecdotal reports that these results were often delayed, we assessed the process of blood tests being reported in emergency calls, identified the key factors causing delays and sought to make improvements...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Manuel Quintana-Díaz, Raúl Muñoz-Romo, Susana Gómez-Ramírez, José Pavía, Alberto M Borobia, José A García-Erce, Manuel Muñoz
BACKGROUND: A fast-track anaemia clinic (FTAC) for the management of moderate-to-severe iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) was established in our Emergency Department in 2010. In this FTAC, the replacement of packed red cell transfusion by ferric carboxymaltose administration was proven to be safe and effective. The aim of this study was a cost-analysis of IDA management in the FTAC, comparing this management with the previous standard care pathway consisting of packed red cell transfusion, if needed, and referral to outpatient specialised care...
January 24, 2017: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
Adam J Singer, Jennifer Ng, Henry C Thode, Rory Spiegel, Scott Weingart
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score (composed of respiratory rate ≥22 breaths/min, systolic blood pressure ≤100 mm Hg, and altered mental status) may identify patients with infection who are at risk of complications. We determined the association between qSOFA scores and outcomes in adult emergency department (ED) patients with and without suspected infection. METHODS: We performed a single-site, retrospective review of adult ED patients between January 2014 and March 2015...
April 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
X Marcaggi, L Belle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
O Nallet, N Ketata, N Ferrier, X Marcaggi
Acute chest pain is a common reason of consultation in the emergency department. The difficulty lies in discriminating patients with acute coronary syndrome or other life-threatening conditions from those non-cardiovascular, non-life-threatening chest pain. Only 15 to 25 % of patients with acute chest pain actually have acute coronary syndrome. Algorithms using high sensitivity troponin at admission and a second assessment 1 or 3hours later are validated to "rule in" or "rule out" the diagnosis of non ST-elevation myocardial infarction...
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
S Andrieu, B Jouve, M Pansieri
The acute heart failure generates a very important number of hospitalizations for a high cost. A recent reflection on optimizing its management is ongoing, based on the fastest management in the emergency department, with a distinction between which patient should remain and who returns at home, and under what conditions, allowing to limit the number of hospitalizations. It will require a reorganization of emergency department and updating of decision algorithms and new guidelines of care.
November 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Dianne Pulte, Paris B Lovett, David Axelrod, Albert Crawford, John McAna, Rhea Powell
Sickle cell disease is characterized by intermittent painful crises often requiring treatment in the emergency department (ED). Past examinations of time-to-provider (TTP) in the ED for patients with sickle cell disease demonstrated that these patients may have longer TTP than other patients. Here, we examine TTP for patients presenting for emergency care at a single institution, comparing patients with sickle cell disease to both the general population and to those with other painful conditions, with examination of both institutional and patient factors that might affect wait times...
September 2016: Hemoglobin
Luigi Marano, Alessandro Cecchi, Federica Chiodo, Francesco Gullo, Pasquale Fiorillo, Luca Roncetti, Mattia Longaroni, Gianluca Proietti Silvestri, Silvano Lolli, Giorgio Nicolic, Alberto Patriti
BACKGROUND: In the medical literature are described only few clinical cases of esophageal food bolus impaction due to esophageal motility disorders. Moreover, the management of this condition is highly variable with no evidence in the literature to strongly support a clear defined intervention. CASE PRESENTATION: In this paper we describe for the first time a case of 53-year-old male with food bolus impaction due to Jackhammer esophagus referred to emergency department...
August 18, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Jason Zucker, David Cennimo, Gregory Sugalski, Shobha Swaminthan
Since 1993, the Centers for Disease Control recommendations for HIV testing were extended to include persons obtaining care in the emergency department (ED). Situated in Newark, New Jersey, the University Hospital (UH) ED serves a community with a greater than 2% HIV prevalence, and a recent study showed a UH ED HIV seroprevalence of 6.5%, of which 33% were unknown diagnoses. Electronic records for patients seen in the UH ED from October 1st, 2014, to February 28th, 2015, were obtained. Information was collected on demographics, ED diagnosis, triage time, and HIV testing...
June 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Ioannis Raftopoulos, Andreas Giannakou, Elana Davidson
BACKGROUND: Results from validated national databases suggest that a 1-day length of stay (LOS) is not only unattainable in more than 20% of primary laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) operations, but it is also associated with an increased 30-day mortality risk. There are no published data regarding the feasibility and safety of 1-day LOS after revisional LRYGB. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed 1 surgeon's experience after implementation of a 1-day fast-track protocol (FTP) in 784 primary and 36 revisional consecutive LRYGB patients...
June 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Malin Ljunggren, Maaret Castrén, Martin Nordberg, Lisa Kurland
BACKGROUND: Vital signs are widely used in emergency departments. Previous studies on the association between vital signs and mortality in emergency departments have been restricted to selected patient populations. We aimed to study the association of vital signs and age with 1-day mortality in patients visiting the emergency department. METHODS: This retrospective cohort included patients visiting the emergency department for adults at Södersjukhuset, Sweden from 4/1/2012 to 4/30/2013...
March 3, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Camilla Strøm, Lars Simon Rasmussen, Søren Wistisen Rasmussen, Kim Hvid Benn Madsen, Henrik Ancher Ancher Sørensen, Thomas Andersen Schmidt
INTRODUCTION: Emergency department-based short stay units (SSUs) are increasingly being introduced to provide accelerated care. The effects of treatment in SSUs for elderly medical patients are not well-studied. METHODS: The ELDER trial is a single-blinded, randomised parallel trial with 1:1 allocation between hospitalisation in an SSU (intervention) and the Department of Internal Medicine (standard care). The study is conducted at Holbaek Hospital, Denmark. Elderly patients are screened for inclusion if an emergency physician assesses that treatment in an SSU is possible...
March 2016: Danish Medical Journal
Catherine M Doetzel, James A Rankin, Karen L Then
Emergency department (ED) wait times, length of stay, and overcrowding are common issues in developed health care systems in many countries. These ED issues are multifactorial in nature and require further evaluation in an attempt to provide consistent, adequate health care to each patient. Authors in countries, such as Australia and the United Kingdom, have attempted to address the concerns of increasing wait times, length of stay, and overcrowding by establishing nurse practitioners (NPs) into the ED who practice in domains traditionally dominated by physicians...
January 2016: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
Fabrizio Ricci, Rosa Di Scala, Cristiano Massacesi, Marta Di Nicola, Gianni Cremonese, Doranna De Pace, Serena Rossi, Irma Griffo, Ivana Cataldo, Stefano Martinotti, Domenico Rotondo, Allan S Jaffe, Marco Zimarino, Raffaele De Caterina
OBJECTIVES: We tested the noninferiority of a fast-track rule-out protocol for the diagnosis of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction vs noncoronary chest pain based on the single-sampling combined assessment of medium-sensitivity cardiac troponin I and ultra-sensitive copeptin compared with the serial assessment of medium-sensitivity cardiac troponin I. METHODS: Ultra-sensitive copeptin and medium-sensitivity cardiac troponin I levels were measured at presentation in 196 consecutive patients admitted to the emergency department for acute nontraumatic chest pain within 6 hours from symptoms onset and without ST-segment elevation on a 12-lead electrocardiogram...
January 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Sabrina Anticoli, Francesca Romana Pezzella, Claudio Pozzessere, Luca Gallelli, Maria Cristina Bravi, Valeria Caso, Antonio Siniscalchi
BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic lesions on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) are reliable predictors of recurrent stroke at 90 days. However, to date, limited information on transient ischemic attack (TIA) patients with positive DWI lesions for stroke risk from 1 to 5 years is available. In this study, we evaluated the role of positive DWI lesions and vascular risk factors on stroke, cardiovascular death, and mortality at 90 days (T0), 1 year (T1), and 5 years (T2). Moreover, we also evaluated the association between stroke risk and the presence of DWI lesions...
September 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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