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Anita S Chong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Transplantation
Jennifer M Windt, Tore Nielsen, Evan Thompson
Consciousness is often said to disappear in deep, dreamless sleep. We argue that this assumption is oversimplified. Unless dreamless sleep is defined as unconscious from the outset there are good empirical and theoretical reasons for saying that a range of different types of sleep experience, some of which are distinct from dreaming, can occur in all stages of sleep. We introduce a novel taxonomy for describing different kinds of dreamless sleep experiences and suggest research methods for their investigation...
October 17, 2016: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Ronald Schenk
Clinical work, as all of consciousness, is steeped in and emerges out of language. Language is the medium of our knowing, and knowing the medium of our relating. Language has us; words dream us. For the mythical Navajo as for John of the New Testament, in the Beginning was the Word. Before any kind of distinction of thought, feeling, sensation or intuition comes language - language, not as 'just words', but as image. Words are images, and images as encompassing worlds present themselves as and through language...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Peter T Struck
Ancient Greeks drew advice from oracles, dreams, entrails, the movements of birds, sneezes, and myriad other sources for divination. Classicists typically study such phenomena as examples of occult religion, or for their use as a social mechanism for managing dissent and forging consensus. Ancient philosophical accounts by contrast go a longer way toward considering them seriously, on their own terms. They take them as an invitation into developing speculative accounts of non-standard epistemological schemes...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
Deborah Breen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Technology and Culture
Alfred Lorenzer
Freud held that the repressed unconscious arose from the separation of thing-presentations from word-presentations. The author divests these terms of the implication that they are objectively existing entities by citing some of Freud's other texts. Thing-presentations are memory-traces of (as yet) non-language-based interactions - that is, precipitates of actions that have been experienced and models of future actions. Scenic understanding, which, on the basis of participation by the therapist in the patient's play, treats all material presented by the patient by an approach analogous to the interpretation of dreams, is therefore the royal road to the unconscious...
October 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Emil F Khisamutdinov, Daniel L Jasinski, Hui Li, Kaiming Zhang, Wah Chiu, Peixuan Guo
Constructing containers with defined shape and size to load and protect therapeutics and subsequently control their release in the human body has long been a dream. The fabrication of 3D RNA prisms, characterized by atomic force microscopy, cryo-electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, is reported for the loading and protection of small molecules, proteins, small RNA molecules, and their controlled release.
October 19, 2016: Advanced Materials
Mitchell G Miglis, Srikanth Muppidi, Emmanuel During, Safwan Jaradeh
PURPOSE: Data on the prevalence of RBD in patients with PAF are limited, with discrepancies in the literature regarding prevalence. We aimed to provide further data on this association with a series of eight patients with PAF. METHODS: We reviewed the electronic medical records of all patients seen at the Stanford neurology clinics from 2012 to 2016 who were given a provisional diagnosis of PAF (343 patients), and further screened by procedure codes to identify those patients who underwent both attended video-polysomonography and autonomic testing (18 patients), and met strict exclusionary criteria (8 patients)...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Giuseppe Civitarese
Over five years, from 1919 to 1924, Freud dealt with masochism in three texts written in close proximity: "A Child Is Being Beaten," Beyond the Pleasure Principle, and "The Economic Problem of Masochism." Initially Freud explains masochism as incestuous fixation on the father and regression to pregenital, sadistic ways of loving. Subsequently he considers it primarily as subservient to the death drive. This paper starts from an idea present in two of the three texts, but not developed by Freud, in which he refers to the role that the "qualitative" element of rhythm could play in the occurrence of pleasure in masochism...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Rodney J Hicks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Youngsin Jung, Erik K St Louis
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a common parasomnia disorder affecting between 1 and 7 % of community-dwelling adults, most frequently older adults. RBD is characterized by nocturnal complex motor behavior and polysomnographic REM sleep without atonia. RBD is strongly associated with synucleinopathy neurodegeneration. The approach to RBD management is currently twofold: symptomatic treatment to prevent injury and prognostic counseling and longitudinal follow-up surveillance for phenoconversion toward overt neurodegenerative disorders...
November 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
Jeffrey Livezey, Thomas Oliver, Louis Cantilena
A 32-year-old male developed neuropsychiatric symptoms 2 weeks after starting mefloquine 250 mg/week for malaria prophylaxis. He continued to take the medication for the next 4 months. Initial symptoms included vivid dreams and anxiety, as well as balance problems. These symptoms persisted and progressed over the next 4 years to include vertigo, emotional lability, and poor short-term memory, which have greatly affected his personal and professional life. An extensive evaluation revealed objective evidence supporting a central vestibulopathy...
December 2016: Drug Saf Case Rep
Allison Weaver, Scott Steele
Over the past few decades, robotic surgery has developed from a futuristic dream to a real, widely used technology. Today, robotic platforms are used for a range of procedures and have added a new facet to the development and implementation of minimally invasive surgeries. The potential advantages are enormous, but the current progress is impeded by high costs and limited technology. However, recent advances in haptic feedback systems and single-port surgical techniques demonstrate a clear role for robotics and are likely to improve surgical outcomes...
2016: F1000Research
Khushboo Gualti, Krishna Mohan Poluri
BACKGROUND: Unraveling the comprehensive networks of molecular signaling in various cellular processes and redesign/rewire them as per human wish is the ultimate dream of the biomedical researchers. Recent advances in the experimental and computational biophysics have provided us with enormous amount of protein sequences and a wide variety of structural information. Protein engineering is a fledging field and a creative process to design the target proteins or signaling networks with desirable structure and functions...
October 13, 2016: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
Damir S Utržan, Andrea K Northwood
Nearly 65 million people around the world have been displaced by war, conflict, and persecution since 2014 (UNHCR; United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 2015). This yields an average of 42,000 people refugees, asylum seekers, or internally displaced every day. Displacement has adverse and disruptive consequences, including mental health problems (e.g., anxiety, depression), impaired interpersonal relationships, and heightened conflict. These consequences are compounded by profound ambiguity associated with navigating asylum in the United States...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Pedram Ramin, Andreas Libonati Brock, Fabio Polesel, Ana Causanilles, Erik Emke, Pim de Voogt, Benedek Gy Plosz
Sewer pipelines, although primarily designed for sewage transport, can also be considered as bioreactors. In-sewer processes may lead to significant variations of chemical loadings from source release points to the treatment plant influent. In this study, we assessed in-sewer utilization of growth substrates (primary metabolic processes) and transformation of illicit drug biomarkers (secondary metabolic processes) by suspended biomass. Sixteen drug biomarkers were targeted, including mephedrone, methadone, cocaine, heroin, codeine and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and their major human metabolites...
October 14, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Kaili C Zhang, Abraham Zhang
It has been well identified and supported in the literature that values and life goals are associated with one's general well-being. However, there have been few studies on values and life goals among international students in New Zealand. This study addressed this lack of research by focusing on the life goals and personal values among international students in three tertiary institutes in New Zealand. Based on the literature review, the hypothesis of this study is that international students' intrinsic life goals are positively correlated with their spiritual values...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Joe Freer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Chhavi Sawhney
Publication has become a burning issue among Indian medical fraternity owing to certain academic and professional necessities. The large number of submissions to the anaesthesia journals has resulted in accumulation of too much below average scientific material. A properly written manuscript is the dream of every editor and reviewer. The art of preparing a manuscript can be acquired only by following certain basic rules and technical aspects, besides knowledge and skills. Before preparing the manuscript, a target journal should be considered...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
A Trébucq, V Schwoebel
BACKGROUND: Use of estimated numbers of tuberculosis (TB) cases for planning purposes in some sub-Saharan countries. OBJECTIVE: To document the uncertainties of official World Health Organization estimates and problems encountered in using them for planning. DESIGN: Brief review of the methods used in estimation, using different sub-Saharan countries to illustrate problems. RESULTS: The annual risk of tuberculous infection, used for many years to calculate estimates, is no longer considered a valid method...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
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