Read by QxMD icon Read


Meir H Kryger, Isabella Siegel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Sleep Health
Marija Bošnjak Pašić, Emina Horvat Velić, Luka Fotak, Hanna Pašić, Azijada Srkalović Imširagić, Davorka Milat, Helena Šarac, Sarah Bjedov, Željka Petelin GadŽe
French expression standing for the phrase "already seen" is a déjà vu. It is thought that as much as 97% of the population have experienced déjà vu at least once in their lifetime and 67% experience it regularly. The explanations of this phenomenon in novels and poems include reincarnation, dreams, organic factors, and unconscious memories. In this narrative review connection between déjà vu and various other conditions has been mentioned: false memories, temporal lobe epilepsy and other neurological conditions...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Dezső Ribli, Anna Horváth, Zsuzsa Unger, Péter Pollner, István Csabai
In the last two decades, Computer Aided Detection (CAD) systems were developed to help radiologists analyse screening mammograms, however benefits of current CAD technologies appear to be contradictory, therefore they should be improved to be ultimately considered useful. Since 2012, deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) have been a tremendous success in image recognition, reaching human performance. These methods have greatly surpassed the traditional approaches, which are similar to currently used CAD solutions...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Qihong Zou, Shuqin Zhou, Jing Xu, Zihui Su, Yuezhen Li, Yundong Ma, Hongqiang Sun, Changwei W Wu, Jia-Hong Gao
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep has been frequently associated with dreaming. However, mounting evidence obtained from behavioral, pharmacological, and brain imaging studies suggests that REM sleep is not indicative of the dream report and may originate from diverse neural substrates in brain functionality. The aim of the current study was to investigate the functional systems associated with inter-individual differences in dream recall and REM sleep through assessments of the resting-state functional connectivity...
March 12, 2018: NeuroImage
Tarisai Chiyaka, Phillis Mushati, Bernadette Hensen, Sungai Chabata, James R Hargreaves, Sian Floyd, Isolde J Birdthistle, Frances M Cowan, Joanna R Busza
Young women (aged 15-24) who exchange sex for money or other support are among the highest risk groups for HIV acquisition, particularly in high prevalence settings. To prepare for introduction and evaluation of the DREAMS programme in Zimbabwe, which provides biomedical and social interventions to reduce adolescent girls' and young women's HIV vulnerability, we conducted a rapid needs assessment in 6 towns using a "social mapping" approach. In each site, we talked to adult sex workers and other key informants to identify locations where young women sell sex, followed by direct observation, group discussions and interviews...
2018: PloS One
Phillip Blumberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
Lokmane Chebouba, Bertrand Miannay, Dalila Boughaci, Carito Guziolowski
BACKGROUND: During the last years, several approaches were applied on biomedical data to detect disease specific proteins and genes in order to better target drugs. It was shown that statistical and machine learning based methods use mainly clinical data and improve later their results by adding omics data. This work proposes a new method to discriminate the response of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) patients to treatment. The proposed approach uses proteomics data and prior regulatory knowledge in the form of networks to predict cancer treatment outcomes by finding out the different Boolean networks specific to each type of response to drugs...
March 8, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
Zhou Xiao-Nong, Li Shi-Zhu, Hong Qing-Biao, Yang Kun, Lü Shan, Xu Jing
This paper reviews the huge promotion of Chairman Mao Zedong's two poems entitled "Farewell to the God of Plague" which were published 60 years ago, and the great achievements of the national schistosomiasis control programme in China. The publication of the two poems promotes the establishment of the mechanism for the national schistosomiasis control programme in China, and in addition, the schistosomiasis control spirit of the people from Yujiang County is still the source of power for the promotion of transferring the schistosomiasis control to elimination stage in China...
February 26, 2018: Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control
Wanpeng Wang, Paja Sijacic, Pengbo Xu, Hongli Lian, Zhongchi Liu
Fundamental to plant and animal development is the regulated balance between cell proliferation and differentiation, a process intimately tied to cell cycle regulation. In Arabidopsis , mutations in TSO1, whose animal homolog is LIN54, resulted in severe developmental abnormalities both in shoot and root, including shoot meristem fasciation and reduced root meristematic zone. The molecular mechanism that could explain the tso1 mutant phenotype is absent. Through a genetic screen, we identified 32 suppressors that map to the MYB3R1 gene, encoding a conserved cell cycle regulator...
March 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jonathan Curot, Luc Valton, Marie Denuelle, Jean-Pierre Vignal, Louis Maillard, Jérémie Pariente, Agnès Trébuchon, Fabrice Bartolomei, Emmanuel J Barbeau
BACKGROUND: Epileptic patients sometimes report experiential phenomena related to a previous dream they had during seizures or electrical brain stimulation (EBS). This has been alluded to in the literature as "déjà-rêvé" ("already dreamed"). However, there is no neuroscientific evidence to support its existence and this concept is commonly mixed up with déjà-vu. We hypothesized that déjà-rêvé would be a specific entity, i.e., different from other experiential phenomena reported in epileptic patients, induced by EBS of specific brain areas...
February 24, 2018: Brain Stimulation
Jasvinder A Singh
Objective: There are no qualitative studies of sleep in gout; the aim of this study was to examine the impact of gout on sleep. Methods: Nine nominal groups were conducted, oversampling for African-Americans and women with gout. Patients discussed and rank-ordered their concerns. Results: Nine nominal groups with 46 gout patients were conducted with mean age, 61 years (s.d. 10.6) and gout duration, 14.9 years (s.d. 12); 63% were men, 46% African-American, 52% married, 46% retired and 63% were allopurinol users...
February 23, 2018: Rheumatology
R Dominguez-Perles, Diego A Moreno, Cristina Garcia-Viguera
The late 1970s was the onset of literature about the first research outputs on alternatives to create added-value to agro-food by-products focused on the reduction of the dependency on raw materials and, simultaneously, helping to reduce the environmental impacts of the agricultural activities. This trend, increased over the years and during the last decade, has been boosted by the growing concern of the socio-economic impact of wastes from agro-food activities; however, with little success of the proposed applications...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Alejandro López-Hurtado, Daniel F Burgos, Paz González, Xose M Dopazo, Valentina González, Alberto Rábano, Britt Mellström, Jose R Naranjo
The transcriptional repressor DREAM (downstream regulatory element antagonist modulator) is a multifunctional neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) that controls Ca2+ and protein homeostasis through gene regulation and protein-protein interactions. Downregulation of DREAM is part of an endogenous neuroprotective mechanism that improves ATF6 (activating transcription factor 6) processing, neuronal survival in the striatum, and motor coordination in R6/2 mice, a model of Huntington's disease (HD). Whether modulation of DREAM activity can also ameliorate cognition deficits in HD mice has not been studied...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Brain
T Larsen, H B Urke, I Holsen, C H Anvik, T Olsen, R H Waldahl, K M Antonsen, R Johnson, M Tobro, B Brastad, T B Hansen
BACKGROUND: Drop out from upper secondary school represents a risk for the future health and wellbeing of young people. Strengthening of psychosocial aspects of the learning environment may be an effective strategy to promote completion of upper secondary school. This paper is a study protocol of a school based cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating two school-based interventions, namely the Dream School Program (DSP) and the Mental Health Support Team (MHST). The interventions aim to improve psychosocial learning environments and subsequently school achievements and decrease drop-out and absence...
March 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
Benjamin G Kremkow, Kelvin H Lee
Glyco-Mapper is a novel systems biology product quality prediction tool created using a new framework termed: Discretized Reaction Network Modeling using Fuzzy Parameters (DReaM-zyP). Within Glyco-Mapper, users fix the nutrient feed composition and the glycosylation reaction fluxes to fit the model glycoform to the reference experimental glycoform, enabling cell-line specific glycoform predictions as a result of cell engineering strategies. Glyco-Mapper accurately predicts published genetically altered glycoforms resulting in the appearance or disappearance of one or more glycans between 1999 and 2014 with an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 96%, 85%, and 97%, respectively...
March 6, 2018: Metabolic Engineering
Irene Aicua-Rapun, Pascal Andre, Jan Novy
Epilepsy is considered the most frequent severe neurological condition but most patients treated with medication become seizure free. The management of treatment however is highly empirical, mainly relying on observation. A closed-loop therapy for epilepsy would be very valuable for more efficient treatment regimens. Here we discuss monitoring treatment (therapeutic drug monitoring) and the potential developments in this field, as well as providing a review of potential biomarkers that could be used to monitor the disease activity...
March 8, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
Michael M Bannert, Andreas Bartels
Color is special among basic visual features in that it can form a defining part of objects that are engrained in our memory. Whereas most neuroimaging research on human color vision has focused on responses related to external stimulation, the present study investigated how sensory-driven color vision is linked to subjective color perception induced by object imagery. We recorded fMRI activity in male and female volunteers during viewing of abstract color stimuli that were red, green, or yellow in half of the runs...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Ananyo Bhattacharya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Nature
Roberta Lynn Woodgate, David Shiyokha Busolo
BACKGROUND: African Immigrant and refugee youth represent an increasing group of newcomers in Canada. Upon their immigration, youth experience challenges that have the potential to lead to poor health, yet little is known about their settlement journey. Accordingly, this qualitative study examines the settlement journey of African immigrant and refugee youth with a focus on how their experiences were shaped by the social determinants of health. METHODS: We conducted a total of 70 interviews with 52 immigrant and refugee youth (ages 13-29 years) who had arrived in Canada in the preceding six years...
March 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
Lydia Aziato, Cephas N Omenyo
BACKGROUND: Prior to the advent of modern obstetric services, traditional birth attendants (TBAs) have rendered services to pregnant women and women in labour for a long time. Although it is anticipated that women in contemporary societies will give birth in hospitals and clinics, some women still patronize the services of TBAs. The study therefore sought to gain an in-depth understanding of the initiation of TBAs and their traditional and spiritual practices employed during pregnancy and childbirth in Ghana...
March 7, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"