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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145209/methodological-issues-for-psychological-evaluation-across-the-lifespan-of-individuals-with-a-difference-disorder-of-sex-development
#1
Franco D'Alberton, Sofia Vissani, Chiara Ferracuti, Vickie Pasterski
The aim of the current report is to provide guidance relevant to psychological evaluation for healthcare providers and researchers working in the field of disorders of sexual development (DSD). In doing so, we give careful consideration to methodological issues and limitations that may influence the utility of investigations. For example, rarity and heterogeneity of DSD conditions restrict sample sizes when conducting evaluations aimed at establishing condition-specific psychological outcomes. At the same time, the potential for stigmatization by virtue of conducting psychological evaluations is particularly high given the fundamental contribution of sex and gender to one's sense of self and integrity...
November 17, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144769/detection-of-emerging-zoonotic-pathogens-an-integrated-one-health-approach
#2
Brian H Bird, Jonna A K Mazet
The emergence of novel zoonotic pathogens is one of the greatest challenges to global health security. The advent of increasingly sophisticated diagnostics tools has revolutionized our capacity to detect and respond to these health threats more rapidly than ever before. Yet, no matter how sophisticated these tools become, the initial identification of emerging infectious diseases begins at the local community level. It is here that the initial human or animal case resides, and it is here that early pathogen detection would have maximum benefit...
November 16, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141730/keeping-abreast-of-developments-in-the-cancer-wars-a-view-from-the-front
#3
Nancy L Baenziger
Cancer somehow lends itself to military analogies, perhaps because of its status as a threat to life itself. We've declared war on cancer over several decades, viewing cancer as a cell going rogue, dividing uncontrollably, and ultimately breaking through local boundaries to spread. Less well known, but critically relevant to the health care impact of questioning authority, is the war within the breast cancer management community, among those studying molecular and cellular targets in breast cancer biology and those managing the human targets that represent cancer's toll...
November 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141646/physical-activity-and-the-environment-conceptual-review-and-framework-for-intervention-research
#4
REVIEW
Jenna Panter, Cornelia Guell, Rick Prins, David Ogilvie
BACKGROUND: Changing the physical environment is one way to promote physical activity and improve health, but evidence on intervention effectiveness is mixed. The theoretical perspectives and conceptual issues discussed or used in evaluative studies and related literature may contribute to these inconsistencies. We aimed to advance the intervention research agenda by systematically searching for and synthesising the literature pertaining to these wider conceptual issues. METHODS: We searched for editorials, commentaries, reviews, or primary qualitative or quantitative studies in multiple disciplines by electronic searches of key databases (MEDLINE and MEDLINE In-Process, Web of Science, Cochrane Reviews, ProQuest for dissertations, Health Evidence, EPPI-Centre, TRID and NICE) and snowballing...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134325/spatial-context-and-health-inequity-reconfiguring-race-place-and-poverty
#5
Elizabeth L Tung, Kathleen A Cagney, Monica E Peek, Marshall H Chin
Intimate connections among race, place, and poverty are increasingly featured in the health disparities literature. However, few models exist that can guide our understanding of these interconnections. We build on the Chicago School of Sociology's contributions in urban research and one of its contemporary elaborations, often described as the "neighborhood effects approach," to propose a three-axis model of health inequity. This model, in alignment with Chicago School theory, postulates a dynamic and adaptive relationship between spatial context and health inequity...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131739/yoga-as-sanctuary-a-valuable-mind-body-intervention-for-the-lesbian-community
#6
Karen Myers
Poetic autoethnography provides a research methodology to explore yoga as a mind-body intervention that creates sanctuary. Using this qualitative method and retrieving data from my personal journals, daily workout journals, experiences as a lesbian-identified participant in yoga classes, and yoga instructor, I turn the research lens on myself in order to examine my sociological life story. At a critical time in my life when I was struggling with the fragmentation, anxiety, and despair resulting from dealing with homophobia in a heteronormative world, yoga provided sanctuary for me...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131714/understanding-variations-in-secondary-findings-reporting-practices-across-u-s-genome-sequencing-laboratories
#7
Sara Ackerman, Barbara Koenig
BACKGROUND: Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been reported, little is known about its causes...
November 13, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130063/stress-self-regulation-and-context-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-survey
#8
Briana Mezuk, Scott Ratliff, Jeannie B Concha, Cleopatra M Abdou, Jane Rafferty, Hedwig Lee, James S Jackson
Health-related behaviors, such as smoking, alcohol use, exercise, and diet, are major determinants of physical health and health disparities. However, a growing body of experimental research in humans and animals also suggests these behaviors can impact the ways our bodies respond to stress, such that they modulate (that is, serve as a means to self-regulate or cope with) the deleterious impact of stressful experiences on mental health. A handful of epidemiologic studies have investigated the intersection between stress and health behaviors on health disparities (both mental and physical), with mixed results...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128687/translational-mobilisation-theory-a-new-paradigm-for-understanding-the-organisational-elements-of-nursing-work
#9
Davina Allen
Translational Mobilisation Theory (TMT) is a generic sociological theory that explains how emergent projects of collective action are progressed in complex organisational contexts. Grounded in a substantial programme of research on healthcare work, it has value for understanding the organisational component of the nursing role for educational, practice and research purposes. This paper introduces Translational Mobilisation Theory, outlines its core components, and considers its application to nursing using ethnographic research on the organising work of nurses as an empirical reference...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127541/the-bargaining-of-professionalism-in-emergency-care-practice-nhs-paramedics-and-higher-education
#10
Assaf Givati, Chris Markham, Ken Street
Over the past 2 decades, as part of reforms to the National Health Service and with it organizational changes to ambulance work in the UK, paramedic education has undergone a process of academisation and a shift from in-house, apprenticeship weeks-long occupational training, to university-based undergraduate programs. While the professional regulation and standardization of Allied Health Professionals' education in high-income countries has captured scholarly attention, the study of paramedic practice is still in its infancy and there is a need to explore its evolvement in relation to the fluid societal-political circumstances affecting its provision and demand...
November 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120112/sociology-as-moral-philosophy-and-vice-versa
#11
Frédéric Vandenberghe
In this article, I want to make an attempt to reconnect sociology to moral philosophy and moral philosophy to sociology. The thesis I want to defend is that sociology continues by other means the venerable tradition of practical and moral philosophy. Like its forebears, it stands and falls with a defense of "practical wisdom" (Aristotle) and "practical reason" (Kant). The development of a moral sociology presupposes, however, that one recognizes and rejects Max Weber's theory of axiological neutrality as an extremist position and that one carefully articulates prescriptive and descriptive, internal and external, as well as observer and actor positions...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117649/use-of-alternative-and-complementary-medicine-in-patients-with-malignant-diseases-in-high-volume-cancer-center-and-future-aspects
#12
Davor Kust, Ivan Šamija, Jasmina Marić-Brozić, Branka Svetec, Marija Miletić, Gordana Mamić, Ante Bolanča, Zvonko Kusić, Ana Fröbe
Usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is steadily increasing over the last decades, gaining medical, economic and sociological importance. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative therapies in cancer patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive survey design was used to collect data through an anonymous questionnaire. A total of 267 patients were included in the study. The prevalence of CAM use among cancer patients in this study was 60.3%. It was found that 61 heterogeneous CAM therapies were used, the most popular among patients being naturopathy/folk medicine...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115667/complicating-narratives-defining-and-deconstructing-ethical-challenges-in-community-psychology
#13
Rebecca Campbell, Michael Morris
In this concluding essay, we review the case studies presented in this Special Issue and examine whether community psychology has a distinctive approach to defining and resolving the core ethical canons of the Belmont Report (1979): Respect for Persons, Beneficence, and Justice. For two of these Principles-Respect for Persons and Beneficence-community psychologists elaborate upon and extend their definitions to consider their meaning in community-based, social justice-oriented research. The field's approach to Respect for Persons is multilevel in nature; in addition to respecting individuals and their diverse identities, we also have obligations to respect our community partnerships, the communities with whom we work, and the populations and cultures represented in our work...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114872/racism-in-trump-s-america-reflections-on-culture-sociology-and-the-2016-us-presidential-election
#14
Lawrence D Bobo
Despite much positive change in the post civil rights era, U.S. notions of racism and white supremacy remain powerful elements of American culture. The adaptability and enduring power of these forces can be seen in the emergence of a new historical epoch best describe as the era of Laissez Faire Racism. Prevalent attitudes among white Americans, certain theoretical arguments and hypotheses in American sociology, as well the election of Donald Trump rest upon the on-going operation of racism. In particular, I attribute Trump's electoral success to three critical dilemmas of race that defined contours of the 2016 presidential election: (1) worsening economic inequality in the presence of rapidly changing ethno-racial demography; (2) intensified political partisanship in the presence of well-institutionalized racially coded campaign strategies and rhetoric; and (3) the failure of the Clinton campaign to simultaneously champion the interests of working and middle class families and galvanize the previously powerful multiracial Obama coalition...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114869/ethno-nationalist-populism-and-the-mobilization-of-collective-resentment
#15
Bart Bonikowski
Scholarly and journalistic accounts of the recent successes of radical-right politics in Europe and the United States, including the Brexit referendum and the Trump campaign, tend to conflate three phenomena: populism, ethno-nationalism and authoritarianism. While all three are important elements of the radical right, they are neither coterminous nor limited to the right. The resulting lack of analytical clarity has hindered accounts of the causes and consequences of ethno-nationalist populism. To address this problem, I bring together existing research on nationalism, populism and authoritarianism in contemporary democracies to precisely define these concepts and examine temporal patterns in their supply and demand, that is, politicians' discursive strategies and the corresponding public attitudes...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114866/trump-s-electoral-speeches-and-his-appeal-to-the-american-white-working-class
#16
Michèle Lamont, Bo Yun Park, Elena Ayala-Hurtado
This paper contributes to the study of social change by considering boundary work as a dimension of cultural change. Drawing on the computer-assisted qualitative analysis of 73 formal speeches made by Donald Trump during the 2016 electoral campaign, we argue that his political rhetoric, which led to his presidential victory, addressed the white working class's concern with their declining position in the national pecking order. He addressed this group's concern by raising their moral status, that is, by (1) emphatically describing them as hard-working Americans who are victims of globalization; (2) voicing their concerns about 'people above' (professionals, the rich, and politicians); (3) drawing strong moral boundaries toward undocumented immigrants, refugees, and Muslims; (4) presenting African Americans and (legal) Hispanic Americans as workers who also deserve jobs; (5) stressing the role of working-class men as protectors of women and LGBTQ people...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107529/learning-the-patient-s-story
#17
REVIEW
Sandra L Ragan, Elisa Kanter
OBJECTIVES: To provide a brief history on narrative medicine and highlight its importance in providing quality patient care. DATA SOURCES: Explains narrative medicine using published, peer-reviewed literature and highlights some of the literary, medical, sociological, and communication perspectives that contributed to the narrative medicine movement. CONCLUSION: A commitment to the patient-provider relationship and knowing the patient's story is a critical aspect in providing quality cancer care...
October 26, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105227/openness-inclusion-and-transparency-in-the-practice-of-public-involvement-in-research-a-reflective-exercise-to-develop-best-practice-recommendations
#18
Laura J E Brown, Tommy Dickinson, Stuart Smith, Christine Brown Wilson, Maria Horne, Kate Torkington, Paul Simpson
CONTEXT: Reflective accounts of public involvement in research (PI) are important for helping researchers plan and deliver more effective PI activities. In particular, there is a need to address power differentials between team members that can prohibit effective and meaningful involvement. OBJECTIVE: To critically reflect on the PI practices that underpinned our research project on intimacy and sexuality in care homes, to develop a series of recommendations for improving future PI activities...
November 3, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103361/titrating-the-rig-how-paramedics-work-in-and-on-their-ambulance
#19
Michael K Corman
In this article, I take readers inside of an ambulance and explore how paramedics work in and on their "apparatus unit" to make it a workable fit. This taken-for-granted work is important because much is at stake in the back of the ambulance, particularly in relation to quality of care and safety. I draw on data from an institutional ethnography into the socially organized work and work settings of paramedics, which included more than 200 hr of observations and more than 100 interviews with paramedics. The findings shed light on the situated work processes of paramedics as they orient and respond to their "apparatus unit" and enact quality and safety in practice...
November 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100668/remaking-collective-knowledge-an-analysis-of-the-complex-and-multiple-effects-of-inquiries-into-historical-institutional-child-abuse
#20
Katie Wright
This article provides an overview and critical analysis of inquiries into historical institutional child abuse and examines their multiple functions and complex effects. The article takes a broadly international view but focuses primarily on Australia, the UK and Ireland, jurisdictions in which there have been major national inquiries. Drawing on sociological and other social science literature, it begins by considering the forms, functions, and purposes of inquiries. An overview of emergent concerns with institutional abuse in the 1980s and 1990s is then provided, followed by an examination of the response of many governments since that time in establishing inquiries...
October 31, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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