keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sociology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327228/two-faces-of-social-psychological-realism
#1
Nicholas Hoover Wilson, Julie Y Huang
This commentary places Jussim (2012) in dialogue with sociological perspectives on social reality and the political-academic nature of scientific paradigms. Specifically, we highlight how institutions, observers, and what is being observed intersect, and discuss the implications of this intersection on measurement within the social world. We then identify similarities between Jussim's specific narrative regarding social perception research, with noted patterns of scientific change.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324793/bureaucratization-and-medical-professionals-values-a-cross-national-analysis
#2
Girts Racko
Understanding the impact of the bureaucratization of governance systems on the occupational values of medical professionals is a fundamental concern of the sociological research of healthcare professions. While previous studies have examined the impact of bureaucratized management, organizations, and healthcare fields on medical professionals' values, there is a lack of cross-national research on the normative impact of the bureaucratized systems of national governance. Using the European Social Survey data for 29 countries, this study examines the impact of the bureaucratization of national governance systems on the occupational values of medical professionals...
March 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321859/the-quest-to-overcome-irrelevance-in-a-troubled-world-can-du-boisian-analyses-rescue-sociology
#3
Aldon Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321857/academic-apartheid-and-the-poverty-of-theory-the-impact-of-scholarly-segregation-on-the-development-of-sociology-in-the-united-states
#4
Michael Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321855/redemption-story-was-w-e-b-du-bois-a-founder-of-modern-sociology
#5
Walter R Allen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320631/outcomes-of-adolescent-recipients-after-lung-transplantation-an-analysis-of-the-international-society-for-heart-and-lung-transplantation-registry
#6
Miranda A Paraskeva, Leah B Edwards, Bronwyn Levvey, Josef Stehlik, Samuel Goldfarb, Roger D Yusen, Glen P Westall, Greg I Snell
BACKGROUND: Recipient adolescent age for non-lung solid-organ transplantation is associated with higher rates of rejection, graft loss and mortality. Although there have been no studies specifically examining adolescent outcomes after lung transplantation (LTx), limited data from the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) Registry suggest that a similar association may exist. Recently, adolescence has been defined as 10 to 24 years of age, taking into account the biologic and sociologic transitions that occur during this age interval...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319908/the-sociology-of-space-as-a-catalyst-for-innovation-in-the-health-sector
#7
Trust Saidi, Katusha de Villiers, Tania S Douglas
This paper reviews the role of space in facilitating innovation. It draws on the sociology of space in exploring the social practices, institutional forces and material complexity of how people and spaces interact. We assess how space influences the development of innovative solutions to challenges in the health sector. Our aim is to advance an understanding of the social production of space for healthcare innovation. We draw empirical examples from the Innovation Hub at Groote Schuur Hospital in Cape Town to illustrate that innovation does not take place in an institutional vacuum, but requires space that facilitates interaction of different players...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318184/preventing-childhood-obesity-contributions-from-the-social-sciences-to-intervention
#8
Muriel Lamarque, Alicia Bibiana Orden
Programming and implementation of health policies for the prevention of overweight and obesity have traditionally focused on the dissemination of specific messages identifying healthy foods and pointing out the importance of physical activity. Despite recurrent efforts, the prevalence of obesity in both adult and children populations continues to rise. The configuration of preventive proposals seems to neglect the more complex reality of the eating phenomenon, whose nature goes beyond its biological basis. Behind the presence of overweight or obesity, there are factors that exceed individual behaviors, which are constituted as elements of social order...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291805/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-jamaica
#9
Debbie S Thompson, Novie Younger-Coleman, Parris Lyew-Ayee, Lisa-Gaye Greene, Michael S Boyne, Terrence E Forrester
OBJECTIVES: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is an important risk factor for illness and death globally, contributing to more than half of deaths in children worldwide. We hypothesized that SAM is positively correlated to poverty, low educational attainment, major crime and higher mean soil concentrations of lead, cadmium and arsenic. METHODS: We reviewed admission records of infants admitted with a diagnosis of SAM over 14 years (2000-2013) in Jamaica. Poverty index, educational attainment, major crime and environmental heavy metal exposure were represented in a Geographic Information System (GIS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291521/the-spectrum-of-injuries-in-buttock-stab-wounds
#10
REVIEW
T Campion, S Cross
Buttock stab wounds are a surprisingly common and increasing source of presentations to emergency departments. These injuries can have a significant impact on quality of life, and there are a number of often subtle, but significant, injuries that the radiologist must be alert to when interpreting computed tomography examinations in these patients. In this review, we will examine briefly the sociological reasons for the increase in these injuries, discuss appropriate imaging techniques, and provide imaging examples of the clinically important injuries that may be encountered in this region...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287837/scientific-training-in-the-era-of-big-data-a-new-pedagogy-for-graduate-education
#11
Jay Aikat, Thomas M Carsey, Karamarie Fecho, Kevin Jeffay, Ashok Krishnamurthy, Peter J Mucha, Arcot Rajasekar, Stanley C Ahalt
The era of "big data" has radically altered the way scientific research is conducted and new knowledge is discovered. Indeed, the scientific method is rapidly being complemented and even replaced in some fields by data-driven approaches to knowledge discovery. This paradigm shift is sometimes referred to as the "fourth paradigm" of data-intensive and data-enabled scientific discovery. Interdisciplinary research with a hard emphasis on translational outcomes is becoming the norm in all large-scale scientific endeavors...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286645/a-treatise-for-a-new-philosophy-of-chiropractic-medicine
#12
Timothy A Mirtz
BACKGROUND: The philosophy of chiropractic has been a much debated entity throughout the existence of the chiropractic profession. Much criticism has been passed upon the historical philosophy of chiropractic and propagated by contemporary adherents. To date, a new philosophy has not been detailed nor presented that demonstrates principles by which to follow. AIM: The purpose of this paper is to expand upon the work of Russell Kirk (b.1918, d. 1994), an American political theorist, as a basis for principles to guide the formation of a philosophy of chiropractic medicine (PCM)...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282724/psychometric-properties-of-the-casp-12-in-a-spanish-older-community-dwelling-sample
#13
Gema Pérez-Rojo, Noemy Martín, Cristina Noriega, Javier López
OBJECTIVE: Current studies have shown that older people's quality of life (QoL) is more associated to individual's sense of happiness and subjective life satisfaction than to objective problems. CASP scale conceptualizes QoL based on a psycho-sociological perspective. Originally, CASP consisted of 19 items (four factors: Control, Autonomy, Self-realization and Pleasure). Later, it was proposed a shorter version (12 items and three factors). The aim of this study was to assess the structure of the CASP-12 SHARE version using confirmatory factor analysis...
February 28, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269238/social-norms-of-good-design-interdisciplinary-perspectives-from-a-survey-of-engineers-and-clinicians-in-bioengineering
#14
Angela N Johnson
In bioengineering training for new researchers and engineers, a great deal of time is spent discussing what constitutes "good" design. Conceptualization of good design, however, varies widely across interdisciplinary team members, with potential to both foster innovation or lead to unproductive conflict. To explore how groups central to bioengineering teams (physicians/clinicians and engineers/physicists) conceptualize good design, we asked 176 professionals in bioengineering to complete a comprehensive online survey including items designed to assess cognitive and moral foundations (validated MFQ30 tool) and custom items assessing perceptions on good design in three areas (good design characteristics, reputation of design approvers, and perceived design patient/consumer suitability)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263917/investigating-the-association-of-genetic-admixture-and-donor-recipient-genetic-disparity-with-transplant-outcomes
#15
Abeer Madbouly, Tao Wang, Michael Haagenson, Vanja Paunic, Cynthia Vierra-Green, Katharina Fleischhauer, Katharine C Hsu, Michael R Verneris, Navneet S Majhail, Stephanie J Lee, Stephen R Spellman, Martin Maiers
Disparities in survival after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation have been reported for some race and ethnic groups despite comparable HLA matching. Individuals' ethnic and race groups, as reported through self-identification, can change over time due to multiple sociological factors. We studied the effect of two measures of genetic similarity in 1,378 recipients who underwent myeloablative first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation between 1995 and 2011 and their unrelated 10-of-10 HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1 and DQB1 matched donors...
March 2, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255279/diagnosing-dementia-ethnography-interactional-ethics-and-everyday-moral-reasoning
#16
Alexandra Hillman
This article highlights the contribution of ethnography and qualitative sociology to the ethical challenges that frame the diagnosis of dementia. To illustrate this contribution, the paper draws on an ethnographic study of UK memory clinics carried out between 2012 and 2014. The ethnographic data, set alongside other studies and sociological theory, contest the promotion of a traditional view of autonomy; the limiting of the point of ethical interest to a distinct moment of diagnosis disclosure; and the failure to recognise risk and uncertainty in the building of clinical 'facts' and their communication...
February 2017: Social Theory & Health: STH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253004/consistency-and-inconsistency-among-romantic-partners-over-time
#17
Paul W Eastwick, K Paige Harden, Jennifer A Shukusky, Taylor Anne Morgan, Samantha Joel
Theoretical perspectives on mating differentially emphasize whether (and why) romantic partner selection and maintenance processes derive from stable features of individuals (e.g., mate value, mate preferences, relationship aptitude) and their environments (e.g., social homogamy) rather than adventitious, dyad-specific, or unpredictable factors. The current article advances our understanding of this issue by assessing how people's actual romantic partners vary on constructs commonly assessed in evolutionary psychology (Study 1), sociology (Study 2), and close relationships (Study 3)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242344/mutual-intentions-as-a-causal-framework-for-social-groups
#18
Alexander Noyes, Yarrow Dunham
Children's early emerging intuitive theories are specialized for different conceptual domains. Recently attention has turned to children's concepts of social groups, finding that children believe that many social groups mark uniquely social information such as allegiances and obligations. But another critical component of intuitive theories, the causal beliefs that underlie category membership, has received less attention. We propose that children believe membership in these groups is constituted by mutual intentions: i...
February 24, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236689/do-attitudes-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals-exacerbate-health-care-disparities-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-groups-an-integrative-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Daniel Drewniak, Tanja Krones, Verina Wild
OBJECTIVES: Recent investigations of ethnicity related disparities in health care have focused on the contribution of providers' implicit biases. A significant effect on health care outcomes is suggested, but the results are mixed. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide an overview and synthesize the current empirical research on the potential influence of health care professionals' attitudes and behaviors towards ethnic minority patients on health care disparities...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230892/w-e-b-du-bois-at-the-center-from-science-civil-rights-movement-to-black-lives-matter
#20
Aldon Morris
I am honoured to present the 2016 British Journal of Sociology Annual Lecture at the London School of Economics. My lecture is based on ideas derived from my new book, The Scholar Denied: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology. In this essay I make three arguments. First, W.E.B. Du Bois and his Atlanta School of Sociology pioneered scientific sociology in the United States. Second, Du Bois pioneered a public sociology that creatively combined sociology and activism. Finally, Du Bois pioneered a politically engaged social science relevant for contemporary political struggles including the contemporary Black Lives Matter movement...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
keyword
keyword
24606
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"