keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Humanities AND art

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212307/antiretroviral-treatment-in-hiv-1-positive-mothers-neurological-implications-in-virus-free-children
#1
REVIEW
Antonio Victor Campos Coelho, Paola Maura Tricarico, Fulvio Celsi, Sergio Crovella
Since the worldwide introduction of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in human immunodeficiency virus type 1, HIV-1-positive mothers, together with HIV-1 testing prior to pregnancy, caesarian birth and breastfeeding cessation with replacement feeding, a reduction of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) has been observed in the last few years. As such, an increasing number of children are being exposed in utero to ART. Several questions have arisen concerning the neurological effects of ART exposure in utero, considering the potential effect of antiretroviral drugs on the central nervous system, a structure which is in continuous development in the fetus and characterized by great plasticity...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212138/deep-learning-in-mammography-diagnostic-accuracy-of-a-multipurpose-image-analysis-software-in-the-detection-of-breast-cancer
#2
Anton S Becker, Magda Marcon, Soleen Ghafoor, Moritz C Wurnig, Thomas Frauenfelder, Andreas Boss
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a multipurpose image analysis software based on deep learning with artificial neural networks for the detection of breast cancer in an independent, dual-center mammography data set. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study, all patients undergoing mammography in 2012 at our institution were reviewed (n = 3228). All of their prior and follow-up mammographies from a time span of 7 years (2008-2015) were considered as a reference for clinical diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212078/demographic-analysis-from-biometric-data-achievements-challenges-and-new-frontiers
#3
Yunlian Sun, Man Zhang, Zhenan Sun, Tieniu Tan
Biometrics is the technique of automatically recognizing individuals based on their biological or behavioral characteristics. Various biometric traits have been introduced and widely investigated, including fingerprint, iris, face, voice, palmprint, gait and so forth. Apart from identity, biometric data may convey various other personal information, covering affect, age, gender, race, accent, handedness, height, weight, etc. Among these, analysis of demographics (age, gender, and race) has received tremendous attention owing to its wide realworld applications, with significant efforts devoted and great progress achieved...
February 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209492/reproductive-considerations-in-the-setting-of-chronic-viral-illness
#4
REVIEW
Brent M Hanson, Jessie A Dorais
Special considerations must be taken when patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C desire to achieve pregnancy. Patients with chronic viral illnesses desire children at rates similar to the general population, and options are available to decrease both vertical transmission and viral transmission between partners. Preconception counseling or consultation with fertility specialists is imperative in patients with HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C so that reproductive goals can be addressed and optimized...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209199/making-life-difficult-for-clostridium-difficile-augmenting-the-pathogen-s-metabolic-model-with-transcriptomic-and-codon-usage-data-for-better-therapeutic-target-characterization
#5
Sara Saheb Kashaf, Claudio Angione, Pietro Lió
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is a bacterium which can infect various animal species, including humans. Infection with this bacterium is a leading healthcare-associated illness. A better understanding of this organism and the relationship between its genotype and phenotype is essential to the search for an effective treatment. Genome-scale metabolic models contain all known biochemical reactions of a microorganism and can be used to investigate this relationship. RESULTS: We present icdf834, an updated metabolic network of C...
February 16, 2017: BMC Systems Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209048/waste-exposure-and-skin-diseases
#6
Matteo Megna, Maddalena Napolitano, Claudia Costa, Nicola Balato, Cataldo Patruno
Waste is a composite mixture of different substances including endotoxins, organic dust and bio-aerosol stuffed with micro-organisms, as well as various toxic organic and inorganic chemicals, which may be intrinsically hazardous to human health. Therefore, health risks may derive from direct or indirect contact with garbage. Although few epidemiological and clinical surveys investigated on the adverse effects of garbage exposure on human health, particularly regarding respiratory, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal and mucous membranes systems, only very limited data are available on the relationship between waste exposure and cutaneous diseases...
February 16, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208671/a-passive-learning-sensor-architecture-for-multimodal-image-labeling-an-application-for-social-robots
#7
Marco A Gutiérrez, Luis J Manso, Harit Pandya, Pedro Núñez
Object detection and classification have countless applications in human-robot interacting systems. It is a necessary skill for autonomous robots that perform tasks in household scenarios. Despite the great advances in deep learning and computer vision, social robots performing non-trivial tasks usually spend most of their time finding and modeling objects. Working in real scenarios means dealing with constant environment changes and relatively low-quality sensor data due to the distance at which objects are often found...
February 11, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208231/fast-left-ventricle-tracking-using-localized-anatomical-affine-optical-flow
#8
Sandro Queirós, João L Vilaça, Pedro Morais, Jaime C Fonseca, Jan D'hooge, Daniel Barbosa
In daily clinical cardiology practice, left ventricle (LV) global and regional function assessment is crucial for disease diagnosis, therapy selection and patient follow-up. Currently, this is still a time-consuming task, spending valuable human resources. In this work, a novel fast methodology for automatic LV tracking is proposed based on localized anatomically constrained affine optical flow. This novel method can be combined to previously proposed segmentation frameworks or manually delineated surfaces at an initial frame to obtain fully delineated datasets and, thus, assess both global and regional myocardial function...
February 16, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207506/higher-subcortical-and-white-matter-cerebral-blood-flow-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-children
#9
Charlotte Blokhuis, Henri J M M Mutsaerts, Sophie Cohen, Henriëtte J Scherpbier, Matthan W A Caan, Charles B L M Majoie, Taco W Kuijpers, Peter Reiss, Ferdinand W N M Wit, Dasja Pajkrt
This study aimed to evaluate cerebral blood flow (CBF) in pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infection, and its role in HIV-related cerebral injury and cognitive impairment.This cross-sectional observational study compared 28 perinatally HIV-infected children (8-18 years) to 34 healthy controls matched for age, sex, ethnicity, and socio-economic status. All participants underwent 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging, using arterial spin labeling to assess CBF in gray matter (GM), white matter (WM), basal ganglia, and thalamus...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207489/b-cell-abnormalities-and-impact-on-antibody-response-in-hiv-infection
#10
Alessandra Noto, Giuseppe Pantaleo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of the present review is to provide an update on the current development in the field of broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNabs) and their potential use in the prevention and therapeutic settings, and an evaluation of the B-cell abnormalities that may impair antibody responses in HIV infection. RECENT FINDINGS: Major advances have been achieved in the characterization of bNabs directed against different vulnerable regions of HIV Envelope (Env)...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207407/deep-pain-exploiting-long-short-term-memory-networks-for-facial-expression-classification
#11
Pau Rodriguez, Guillem Cucurull, Jordi Gonalez, Josep M Gonfaus, Kamal Nasrollahi, Thomas B Moeslund, F Xavier Roca
Pain is an unpleasant feeling that has been shown to be an important factor for the recovery of patients. Since this is costly in human resources and difficult to do objectively, there is the need for automatic systems to measure it. In this paper, contrary to current state-of-the-art techniques in pain assessment, which are based on facial features only, we suggest that the performance can be enhanced by feeding the raw frames to deep learning models, outperforming the latest state-of-the-art results while also directly facing the problem of imbalanced data...
February 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204517/incidence-of-tuberculosis-and-associated-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-children-initiating-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Nicolas Salvadori, Nicole Ngo-Giang-Huong, Chloé Duclercq, Suparat Kanjanavanit, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Pornchai Techakunakorn, Achara Puangsombat, Julie Figoni, Jean-Yves Mary, Intira J Collins, Tim R Cressey, Sophie Le Cœur, Wasna Sirirungsi, Marc Lallemant, Kenneth McIntosh, Gonzague Jourdain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202771/delayed-differentiation-of-potent-effector-cd8-t-cells-reducing-viremia-and-reservoir-seeding-in-acute-hiv-infection
#13
Hiroshi Takata, Supranee Buranapraditkun, Cari Kessing, James L K Fletcher, Roshell Muir, Virginie Tardif, Pearline Cartwright, Claire Vandergeeten, Wendy Bakeman, Carmen N Nichols, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, Pokrath Hansasuta, Eugene Kroon, Thep Chalermchai, Robert O'Connell, Jerome Kim, Nittaya Phanuphak, Merlin L Robb, Nelson L Michael, Nicolas Chomont, Elias K Haddad, Jintanat Ananworanich, Lydie Trautmann
CD8(+) T cells play a critical role in controlling HIV viremia and could be important in reducing HIV-infected cells in approaches to eradicate HIV. The simian immunodeficiency virus model provided the proof of concept for a CD8(+) T cell-mediated reservoir clearance but showed conflicting evidence on the role of these cells to eliminate HIV-infected cells. In humans, HIV-specific CD8(+) T cell responses have not been associated with a reduction of the HIV-infected cell pool in vivo. We studied HIV-specific CD8(+) T cells in the RV254 cohort of individuals initiating ART in the earliest stages of acute HIV infection (AHI)...
February 15, 2017: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202428/patient-use-of-electronic-prescription-refill-and-secure-messaging-and-its-association-with-undetectable-hiv-viral-load-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
D Keith McInnes, Stephanie L Shimada, Amanda M Midboe, Kim M Nazi, Shibei Zhao, Justina Wu, Casey M Garvey, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Electronic personal health records (PHRs) can support patient self-management of chronic conditions. Managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load, through taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial to long term survival of persons with HIV. Many persons with HIV have difficulty adhering to their ART over long periods of time. PHRs contribute to chronic disease self-care and may help persons with HIV remain adherent to ART. Proportionally veterans with HIV are among the most active users of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) PHR, called My HealtheVet...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199410/ultrasensitive-detection-of-hiv-1-p24-antigen-by-a-hybrid-nanomechanical-optoplasmonic-platform-with-potential-for-detecting-hiv-1-at-first-week-after-infection
#15
Priscila M Kosaka, Valerio Pini, Montserrat Calleja, Javier Tamayo
Early detection of HIV infection is the best way to prevent spread of the disease and to improve the efficiency of the antiretroviral therapy. Nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) have become the gold-standard for detecting low-concentrations of the virus in blood. However, these methods are technically demanding and cost-prohibitive in developing countries. Immunoassays are more affordable and can be more easily adapted for point-of-care diagnosis. However, the sensitivity so far of these methods has been too low...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195417/toward-the-automatic-quantification-of-in-utero-brain-development-in-3d-structural-mri-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Oualid M Benkarim, Gerard Sanroma, Veronika A Zimmer, Emma Muñoz-Moreno, Nadine Hahner, Elisenda Eixarch, Oscar Camara, Miguel Angel González Ballester, Gemma Piella
Investigating the human brain in utero is important for researchers and clinicians seeking to understand early neurodevelopmental processes. With the advent of fast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques and the development of motion correction algorithms to obtain high-quality 3D images of the fetal brain, it is now possible to gain more insight into the ongoing maturational processes in the brain. In this article, we present a review of the major building blocks of the pipeline toward performing quantitative analysis of in vivo MRI of the developing brain and its potential applications in clinical settings...
February 14, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195249/building-blocks-of-the-gipu-italian-group-of-ultrastructural-pathology
#17
V Papa, R Costa, G Cenacchi
The Italian Group of Ultrastructural Pathology, GIPU, is a scientific organization committed to promote the art and science of Electron Microscopy (EM) in the pathology field in Italy, sharing its professional work with a public audience. The history of the GIPU goes back to 1990s when a founder group set up the Italian Group of Ultrastructural Diagnostic (GIDU) in Milan. The central focus of annual meetings was on EM, transmission and scanning one, about interesting cases in which it was instrumental in diagnosis...
June 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193084/value-of-endometrial-echopattern-at-hcg-administration-day-in-predicting-ivf-outcome
#18
Firoozeh Ahmadi, Farnaz Akhbari, Mina Zamani, Fariba Ramezanali, Rezvaneh Cheraghi
BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive  treatment  (ART)  cycle  is an  expensive  procedure with low implantation and pregnancy rate; therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the predictors of success in these patients. OBJECTIVE: The relationship between endometrial echopattern and pregnancy rate was evaluated. METHODS: The endometrial  echopattern  was  analyzed  prospectively  on  the  day  of  human chorionic  gonadotropin  (HCG) administration  in  280  in  vitro  fertilization/intracytoplasmic  sperm  injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles with 8-14 mm endometrial thickness at Royan institute in 2013-2014...
February 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191005/significance-of-anti-hla-antibodies-on-adult-and-pediatric-heart-allograft-outcomes
#19
REVIEW
Massimo Mangiola, Marilyn Marrari, Brian Feingold, Adriana Zeevi
As methods for human leukocyte antigens (HLA) antibody detection have evolved and newer solid phase assays are much more sensitive, the last 15 years has seen a renewed focus on the importance of HLA antibodies in solid organ transplant rejection. However, there is still much controversy regarding the clinical significance of antibody level as depicted by the mean fluorescence intensity of a patient's neat serum. Emerging techniques, including those that identify antibody level and function, show promise for the detection of individuals at risk of allograft rejection, determination of the effectiveness of desensitization prior to transplant, and for monitoring treatment of rejection...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190932/the-problem-of-limited-inter-rater-agreement-in-modelling-music-similarity
#20
Arthur Flexer, Thomas Grill
One of the central goals of Music Information Retrieval (MIR) is the quantification of similarity between or within pieces of music. These quantitative relations should mirror the human perception of music similarity, which is however highly subjective with low inter-rater agreement. Unfortunately this principal problem has been given little attention in MIR so far. Since it is not meaningful to have computational models that go beyond the level of human agreement, these levels of inter-rater agreement present a natural upper bound for any algorithmic approach...
July 2, 2016: J New Music Res
keyword
keyword
24604
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"