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Medical Virtue

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219432/personalized-heterogeneous-deformable-model-for-fast-volumetric-registration
#1
Weixin Si, Xiangyun Liao, Qiong Wang, Pheng Ann Heng
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical deformable volumetric registration can help improve safety of surgical interventions by ensuring the operations are extremely precise. However, this technique has been limited by the accuracy and the computational efficiency of patient-specific modeling. METHODS: This study presents a tissue-tissue coupling strategy based on penalty method to model the heterogeneous behavior of deformable body, and estimate the personalized tissue-tissue coupling parameters in a data-driven way...
February 20, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166588/the-strong-but-incomplete-relationship-between-medical-virtue-and-healing-relieving-of-suffering
#2
James Aluri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152891/with-quality-and-safety-for-all-risking-optimal-care-with-vip-patients
#3
(no author information available yet)
: 142 Background: The person deemed a VIP is generally considered differentiated from the average person by virtue of fame, notoriety (positive or negative), or success through talent, tenacity or simple luck. Because society often views VIPs as special, this can generate strong feelings ranging from excitement and awe to resentment in those who encounter a VIP. VIPs and/or their entourage may request or demand special attention. The unique factors associated with caring for a VIP can jeopardize patient safety and optimal care of the VIP patient...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112611/irrational-exuberance-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-as-fetish
#5
Philip M Rosoff, Lawrence J Schneiderman
The Institute of Medicine and the American Heart Association have issued a "call to action" to expand the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Widespread advertising campaigns have been created to encourage more members of the lay public to undergo training in the technique of closed-chest compression-only CPR, based upon extolling the virtues of rapid initiation of resuscitation, untempered by information about the often distressing outcomes, and hailing the "improved" results when nonprofessional bystanders are involved...
February 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108913/religion-and-public-health-moral-tradition-as-both-problem-and-solution
#6
Michael Rozier
Despite strong religious influence in the development of medicine and medical ethics, religion has been relatively absent in the rise of preventive medicine and population health. Episodic, clinical medicine has a powerful hold on the religious imagination in health care. Nevertheless, Hebrew Scripture, elements of rabbinical teaching, and modern concepts of social justice all can be used to inspire action in health care that goes beyond clinical medicine. The Christian tradition can call upon the corporal works of mercy, virtue ethics, and Catholic social teaching, as well as the modern history Catholic sisters in the U...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092711/-the-future-of-ecology-wisdom-as-the-speculative-centre-of-environmental-ethics
#7
Luca Valera
This article argues that it is necessary to go back to Potter's proposal to rediscover a concept of bioethics wider than medical ethics, and strongly connected to environmental ethics. The two disciplines share, among others, the following dimensions: the consciousness of the sin as a consequence of recent technological developments; the need for a salvation; the need for a science of survival; wisdom as a possible solution. Referring to the latter, the work of Van Rennselaer Potter (father of bioethics) and Arne Næss (father of deep ecology, and in a broader sense, of environmental ethics) are particularly linked: it seems that wisdom should be the virtue providing answers about our way of dwelling the world...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031605/role-play-as-an-educational-tool-in-medication-communication-skills-students-perspectives
#8
S H Lavanya, L Kalpana, R M Veena, V D Bharath Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Medication communication skills are vital aspects of patient care that may influence treatment outcomes. However, traditional pharmacology curriculum deals with imparting factual information, with little emphasis on patient communication. The current study aims to explore students' perceptions of role-play as an educational tool in acquiring communication skills and to ascertain the need of role-play for their future clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was done in 2(nd) professional MBBS students...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887806/a-comparison-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-newly-diagnosed-gynecological-cancer-patients
#9
Sharon L Manne, Shannon Myers Virtue, Melissa Ozga, Deborah Kashy, Carolyn Heckman, David Kissane, Norman Rosenblum, Mark Morgan, Lorna Rodriquez
OBJECTIVE: This study compared the efficacy of two psychological interventions, a coping and communication-enhancing intervention (CCI) and supportive counseling (SC), in reducing depressive symptoms, cancer-specific distress, fear of recurrence, and emotional well-being of women diagnosed with gynecological cancer. Demographic, medical, and psychological moderators of intervention effects were evaluated. METHODS: Three hundred fifty-two women with gynecological cancer were randomly assigned to eight sessions of CCI, eight sessions of SC, or usual care (UC)...
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884595/melatonin-protection-against-age-related-cardiac-pathology
#10
REVIEW
Gaia Favero, Lorenzo Franceschetti, Barbara Buffoli, Mohammed H Moghadasian, Russel J Reiter, Luigi F Rodella, Rita Rezzani
Aging is a complex and progressive process that involves physiological and metabolic deterioration in every organ and system. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most common causes of mortality and morbidity among elderly subjects worldwide. Most age-related cardiovascular disorders can be influenced by modifiable behaviours such as a healthy diet rich in fruit and vegetables, avoidance of smoking, increased physical activity and reduced stress. The role of diet in prevention of various disorders is a well-established factor, which has an even more important role in the geriatric population...
November 22, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873425/i-want-you-to-pretend-to-be-sincere
#11
Julia Hynes
Medical education has changed dramatically since the inception of this journal 50 years ago and is indeed a work in progress: there is now heavy emphasis on the character of the physician, in particular, and professionalism, in general. The subjects of communications skills and the teaching of sincerity, empathy and compassion are relative newcomers to the stage: they are not even as old as this journal itself. Nevertheless, these topics arose in an ancient debate dating from classical antiquity. 'Can we teach virtue?' Plato wondered in the Meno...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873414/virtual-sorting-hat-%C3%A2-technology-for-the-matching-of-candidates-to-residency-training-programs
#12
Pishoy Gouda, Martin Cormican
BACKGROUND: The matching of medical students and trainees to appropriate training programmes poses many challenges, including financial cost and applicant stress. There are few studies that have examined alternatives to the current process of matching candidates to specialist training. Case reports from Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry(™) have suggested that wearable technology may be used to assign individuals with particular sets of skills and virtues to an appropriate house...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863601/clinical-efficacy-of-turmeric-use-in-gingivitis-a-comprehensive-review
#13
REVIEW
Karissa A Stoyell, Jennifer L Mappus, Mona A Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Gingivitis affects an estimated 80% of the population, and is characterized as the world's most predominant inflammatory periodontal disease. Without intervention, gingivitis can advance to alveolar bone loss. Therefore, the primary goal in patients suffering with gingivitis is to control plaque buildup and soft tissue inflammation. Current guidelines consider chlorhexidine as the gold standard in the prevention and treatment of gingivitis. However, negative side effects of chlorhexidine, including oral mucosal erosion, discoloration of teeth, and bitter taste, provide an opportunity for alternative medications...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856633/effects-of-vitamin-d-receptor-activation-and-dietary-sodium-restriction-on-residual-albuminuria-in-ckd-the-virtue-ckd-trial
#14
Charlotte A Keyzer, G Fenna van Breda, Marc G Vervloet, Maarten A de Jong, Gozewijn D Laverman, Marc H Hemmelder, Wilbert M T Janssen, Hiddo J Lambers Heerspink, Arjan J Kwakernaak, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Martin H de Borst
Reduction of residual albuminuria during single-agent renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade is accompanied by improved cardiorenal outcomes in CKD. We studied the individual and combined effects of the vitamin D receptor activator paricalcitol (PARI) and dietary sodium restriction on residual albuminuria in CKD. In a multicenter, randomized, placebo (PLAC)-controlled, crossover trial, 45 patients with nondiabetic CKD stages 1-3 and albuminuria >300 mg/24 h despite ramipril at 10 mg/d and BP<140/90 mmHg were treated for four 8-week periods with PARI (2 μg/d) or PLAC, each combined with a low-sodium (LS) or regular sodium (RS) diet...
November 17, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852461/the-development-of-intensive-care-in-the-military-environment
#15
REVIEW
Matthew J Roberts
If the history of critical care is to be addressed, the starting point must be the fundamental and defining qualities of intensive care units. These are the concentration of the sickest patients in a defined area of the hospital, staffed by the personnel most able to care for them (by virtue of specialist training), and the application of the most advanced monitoring or therapeutic techniques available at the time. In the military environment, the ability to provide critical care to ill or injured servicemen has developed in tandem with the civilian experience, but the pressures of the austere environment of the battlefield have, at times, held back military medical services from providing the highest level of care that servicemen might deserve and, indeed, expect in civilian life...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833195/a-virtue-analysis-of-recreational-marijuana-use
#16
Ezra Sullivan, Nicanor Austriaco
: Several empirical studies suggest that recreational marijuana is popularly perceived as an essentially harmless rite of passage that ends as young people settle into their careers and their adult intimate relationships. Is this perception accurate? To answer this question, we evaluate the morality of recreational marijuana use from a virtue perspective guided by the theological synthesis of St. Thomas Aquinas. Since the medical data reveals that recreational marijuana use is detrimental to the well-being of the user, we conclude that it is a vicious activity, an instance of the vice of intoxication, and as such would be morally illicit...
May 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806700/autonomy-of-the-child-in-the-south-african-context-is-a-12%C3%A2-year-old-of-sufficient-maturity-to-consent-to-medical-treatment
#17
Wandile Ganya, Sharon Kling, Keymanthri Moodley
BACKGROUND: A child is a developing person with evolving capacities that include autonomy, mental (decisional) capacity and capacity to assume responsibility. Hence, children are entitled to participatory (autonomy) rights in South Africa as observed in the Children's Act 38 of 2005. According to section 129 of the Act a child may consent to his or her own medical treatment provided that he or she is over the age of 12 years and is of sufficient maturity and decisional capacity to understand the various implications of the treatment including the risks and benefits thereof...
November 2, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796158/undoing-female-genital-cutting-perceptions-and-experiences-of-infibulation-defibulation-and-virginity-among-somali-and-sudanese-migrants-in-norway
#18
Ragnhild Elise B Johansen
This paper explores the dynamics of change in meaning-making about female genital cutting among migrants from Somalia and Sudan residing in Norway. In both countries, female genital cutting is almost universal, and most women are subjected to the most extensive form - infibulation - which entails the physical closure of the vulva. This closure must later be re-opened, or defibulated, to enable sexual intercourse and childbirth. Defibulation can also ease other negative health consequences of the practice. In Norway, surgical defibulation is provided on demand by the public health services, also beyond the traditional contexts of marriage and childbirth...
October 31, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757706/quality-of-life-trajectories-after-diagnosis-of-gynecologic-cancer-a-theoretically-based-approach
#19
Brian D Gonzalez, Sharon L Manne, Jerod Stapleton, Shannon Myers-Virtue, Melissa Ozga, David Kissane, Carolyn Heckman, Mark Morgan
PURPOSE: The course of quality of life after diagnosis of gynecologic cancer is not well understood. We aimed to identify subgroups of gynecologic cancer patients with distinct trajectories of quality of life outcomes in the 18-month period after diagnosis. We also aimed to determine whether these subgroups could be distinguished by predictors derived from Social-Cognitive Processing Theory. METHODS: Gynecologic cancer patients randomized to usual care as part of a psychological intervention trial (NCT01951807) reported on depressed mood, quality of life, and physical impairment soon after diagnosis and at five additional assessments ending 18 months after baseline...
February 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733920/framework-of-sensor-based-monitoring-for-pervasive-patient-care
#20
Andreas K Triantafyllidis, Vassilis G Koutkias, Ioanna Chouvarda, Ilia Adami, Angelina Kouroubali, Nicos Maglaveras
Sensor-based health systems can often become difficult to use, extend and sustain. The authors propose a framework for designing sensor-based health monitoring systems aiming to provide extensible and usable monitoring services in the scope of pervasive patient care. The authors' approach relies on a distributed system for monitoring the patient health status anytime-anywhere and detecting potential health complications, for which healthcare professionals and patients are notified accordingly. Portable or wearable sensing devices measure the patient's physiological parameters, a smart mobile device collects and analyses the sensor data, a Medical Center system receives notifications on the detected health condition, and a Health Professional Platform is used by formal caregivers in order to review the patient condition and configure monitoring schemas...
September 2016: Healthcare Technology Letters
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