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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233377/application-of-a-systematic-approach-to-evaluating-psychometric-properties-of-a-cumulative-exit-from-degree-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce
#1
Ahmed Hesham Sobh, Zubin Austin, Mohamed Izham M I, Mohammad I Diab, Kyle John Wilby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) are considered gold standard performance-based assessments yet comprehensive evaluation data is currently lacking. The objective of this study was to critically evaluate the psychometric properties of a cumulative OSCE for graduating pharmacy students in Qatar for which policies and procedures were adapted from a Canadian context. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: A 10-station OSCE was conducted for graduating students in Qatar...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141624/incorporating-patient-partner-scores-into-high-stakes-assessment-an-observational-study-into-opinions-and-attitudes
#2
Fiona C Thomson, Rhoda K MacKenzie, Marie Anderson, Alan R Denison, Graeme P Currie
BACKGROUND: Volunteer patients (also known as patient partners (PPs)) play a vital role in undergraduate healthcare curricula. They frequently take part in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) and rate aspects of students' performance. However, the inclusion and weighting of PP marks varies, while attitudes and opinions regarding how (and if) they should contribute towards the pass/fail outcome are uncertain. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted to explore beliefs of PPs regarding inclusion of their scores in a high stakes undergraduate OSCE in a single UK medical school...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141516/how-to-assess-communication-skills-development-of-the-rating-scale-comon-check
#3
K Radziej, J Loechner, C Engerer, M Niglio de Figueiredo, J Freund, H Sattel, C Bachmann, P O Berberat, A Dinkel, A Wuensch
BACKGROUND: Good communication is a core competency for all physicians. Thus, medical students require adequate preparation in communication skills. For research purposes, as well as for evaluation in teaching, there is a clear need for reliable assessment tools. We analyzed the shortcomings of existing instruments and saw a need for a new rating scale. The aim of this publication is to describe the development process for, and evaluation of, a new rating scale. METHODS: First, we developed the rating scale in 10 steps...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058568/retention-and-use-of-newborn-resuscitation-skills-following-a-series-of-helping-babies-breathe-trainings-for-midwives-in-rural-ghana
#4
Darren Eblovi, Patricia Kelly, Georgina Afua, Sarah Agyapong, Siddhartha Dante, Matthew Pellerite
BACKGROUND: The Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) program teaches basic newborn resuscitation techniques to birth attendants in low-resource settings. Previous studies have demonstrated a decrease in mortality following training, mostly in large hospitals. However, low-volume clinics in rural regions with no physician immediately available likely experience a greater relative burden of newborn mortality. This study aimed to determine the impact of HBB trainings provided to rural Ghanaian midwives on their skills retention and on first 24 hour mortality of the newborns they serve...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859651/video-based-feedback-as-a-method-for-training-rural-healthcare-workers-to-manage-medical-emergencies-a-pilot-study
#5
Zainab Oseni, Hla Hla Than, Edyta Kolakowska, Lauren Chalmers, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Video-based feedback has been shown to aid knowledge retention, skills learning and improve team functionality. We explored the use of video-based feedback and low fidelity simulation for training rural healthcare workers along the Thailand-Myanmar border and Papua New Guinea (PNG) to manage medical emergencies effectively. METHODS: Twenty-four study participants were recruited from three Shoklo Malaria Research Unit clinics along the Thailand-Myanmar border and eight participants from Kudjip Nazarene Hospital, PNG...
August 31, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670976/a-novel-approach-to-assess-clinical-competence-of-postgraduate-year-1-surgery-residents
#6
Xin Qi, Lian Ding, Wei Zhai, Qiang Li, Yan Li, Haichao Li, Bing Wen
BACKGROUND: An increased demand for accountability and transparency in medicine have initiated a shift toward a more objective and standardized approach for postgraduate medical training. OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate an objective method to assess clinical competence of postgraduate year 1 surgery residents. DESIGN: Thirty-one postgraduate year 1 surgery residents, who had been trained in the Surgical School of Peking University First Hospital for one year, participated in an objective structured clinical examination as a final assessment of their clinical competence...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487454/objectivity-in-subjectivity-do-students-self-and-peer-assessments-correlate-with-examiners-subjective-and-objective-assessment-in-clinical-skills-a-prospective-study
#7
A'man Talal Inayah, Lucman A Anwer, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Akram Nurhussen, Haifa Mazen Alkabbani, Alhanouf A Alzahrani, Adam Subait Obad, Muhammad Zafar, Nasir Ali Afsar
OBJECTIVES: The qualitative subjective assessment has been exercised either by self-reflection (self-assessment (SA)) or by an observer (peer assessment (PA)) and is considered to play an important role in students' development. The objectivity of PA and SA by students as well as those by faculty examiners has remained debated. This matters most when it comes to a high-stakes examination. We explored the degree of objectivity in PA, SA, as well as the global rating by examiners being Examiners' Subjective Assessment (ESA) compared with Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399690/peer-assessment-in-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-scoping-review
#8
Rishad Khan, Michael W C Payne, Saad Chahine
BACKGROUND: The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), originally designed with experts assessing trainees' competence, is more frequently employed with an element of peer assessment and feedback. Although peer assessment in higher education has been studied, its role in OSCEs has not reviewed. AIMS: The aim of this study is to conduct a scoping review and explore the role of peer assessment and feedback in the OSCE. METHODS: Electronic database and hand searching yielded 507 articles...
April 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#9
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319491/breaking-down-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-an-evaluation-of-the-helping-babies-breathe-osces
#10
Teresa L Seto, Meredith E Tabangin, Kathryn K Taylor, Srirama Josyula, Juan Carlos Vasquez, Beena D Kamath-Rayne
INTRODUCTION: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a simulation-based neonatal resuscitation curriculum designed for low-resource settings. At the completion of the workshop, learners complete the following four assessments: a multiple-choice question (MCQ) test, bag-mask ventilation (BMV) checklist, and two objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). Objective structured clinical examinations are clinical performance assessments that evaluate learners' skills in simulated scenarios...
March 18, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139274/examiner-characteristics-and-interrater-reliability-in-a-communication-osce
#11
Achim Mortsiefer, André Karger, Thomas Rotthoff, Bianca Raski, Michael Pentzek
OBJECTIVE: To identify inter-individual examiner factors associated with interrater reliability in a summative communication OSCE in the 4th study year. METHODS: The OSCE consists of 4 stations assessed with a 4-item 5-point global rating instrument. A bivariate secondary analysis of interrater reliability in relation to 4 examiner factors (gender, profession, OSCE experience, examiner training) was conducted. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated and compared between examiner dyads of different similarity...
January 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957515/ultrasound-skill-and-application-of-knowledge-assessment-using-an-innovative-osce-competition-based-simulation-approach
#12
Annette Rebel, Habib Srour, Amy DiLorenzo, Dung Nguyen, Shelly Ferrell, Sanjay Dwarakanatli, Emily Haas, Randall M Schell
BACKGROUND: Despite Point-of Care Ultrasound (PoC US) rapidly becoming an important tool in perioperative medicine structured education, PoC US is currently rarely integrated into the anesthesiology residency curriculum. The aim of this project was to assess the current ultrasound skills of anesthesiology residents at one institution and evaluate the needs for development of a formal ultrasound curriculum. METHODS: A event containing 6 different OSCE PoC US stations was developed with following stations: vascular, peripheral nerve block, lung ultrasound, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) human model, pathologic TTE (simulator), and inferior vena cava (IVC) evaluation (simulator)...
July 2016: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875999/helping-babies-breathe-hbb-training-what-happens-to-knowledge-and-skills-over-time
#13
Akash Bang, Archana Patel, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty, Sreelatha Meleth, Norman Goco, Susan Niermeyer, William Keenan, Beena D Kamath-Rayne, George A Little, Susan B Clarke, Victoria A Flanagan, Sherri Bucher, Manish Jain, Nilofer Mujawar, Vinita Jain, Janet Rukunga, Niranjana Mahantshetti, Sangappa Dhaded, Manisha Bhandankar, Elizabeth M McClure, Waldemar A Carlo, Linda L Wright, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a simulation-based neonatal resuscitation program for low resource settings. We studied the impact of initial HBB training followed by refresher training on the knowledge and skills of the birth attendants in facilities. METHODS: We conducted HBB trainings in 71 facilities in the NICHD Global Network research sites (Nagpur and Belgaum, India and Eldoret, Kenya), with a 6:1 ratio of facility trainees to Master Trainers (MT)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873404/the-show-must-go-on-patients-props-and-pedagogy-in-the-theatre-of-the-osce
#14
Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston
 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848171/the-influence-of-first-impressions-on-subsequent-ratings-within-an-osce-station
#15
Timothy J Wood, James Chan, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Debra Pugh, Claire Touchie
Competency-based assessment is placing increasing emphasis on the direct observation of learners. For this process to produce valid results, it is important that raters provide quality judgments that are accurate. Unfortunately, the quality of these judgments is variable and the roles of factors that influence the accuracy of those judgments are not clearly understood. One such factor is first impressions: that is, judgments about people we do not know, made quickly and based on very little information. This study explores the influence of first impressions in an OSCE...
November 15, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756288/the-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-application-for-the-development-of-palpation-and-ultrasound-imaging-skills-to-supplement-the-traditional-learning-of-physiotherapy-students
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carolina Fernández-Lao, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Elena Caro-Morán, Lourdes Díaz-Rodríguez, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Mobile learning (m-learning) has becoming very popular in education due to the rapidly advancing technology in our society. The potentials of the mobile applications should be used to enhance the education process. Few mobile applications have been designed to complement the study of physical therapy skills for physiotherapy students. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a mobile application, as a supplement to traditional learning, is useful for physiotherapy students in the acquisition of palpation and ultrasound skills in the shoulder area...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637267/an-objective-structured-clinical-exam-to-measure-intrinsic-canmeds-roles
#17
Aliya Kassam, Michèle Cowan, Tyrone Donnon
BACKGROUND: The CanMEDS roles provide a comprehensive framework to organize competency-based curricula; however, there is a challenge in finding feasible, valid, and reliable assessment methods to measure intrinsic roles such as Communicator and Collaborator. The objective structured clinical exam (OSCE) is more commonly used in postgraduate medical education for the assessment of clinical skills beyond medical expertise. METHOD: We developed the CanMEDS In-Training Exam (CITE), a six-station OSCE designed to assess two different CanMEDS roles (one primary and one secondary) and general communication skills at each station...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589949/proficiency-in-identifying-managing-and-communicating-medical-errors-feasibility-and-validity-study-assessing-two-core-competencies
#18
Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Richard D Newcomb, William G Buchta, Mark W Steffen, Zhen Wang, Amanda K Lovett, Lawrence W Steinkraus
BACKGROUND: Communication skills and professionalism are two competencies in graduate medical education that are challenging to evaluate. We aimed to develop, test and validate a de novo instrument to evaluate these two competencies. METHODS: Using an Objective Standardized Clinical Examination (OSCE) based on a medication error scenario, we developed an assessment instrument that focuses on distinctive domains [context of discussion, communication and detection of error, management of error, empathy, use of electronic medical record (EMR) and electronic medical information resources (EMIR), and global rating]...
September 2, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056080/beyond-standard-checklist-assessment-question-sequence-may-impact-student-performance
#19
Jeff LaRochelle, Steven J Durning, John R Boulet, Cees van der Vleuten, Jeroen van Merrienboer, Jeroen Donkers
INTRODUCTION: Clinical encounters are often assessed using a checklist. However, without direct faculty observation, the timing and sequence of questions are not captured. We theorized that the sequence of questions can be captured and measured using coherence scores that may distinguish between low and high performing candidates. METHODS: A logical sequence of key features was determined using the standard case checklist for an observed structured clinical exam (OSCE)...
April 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796200/exploring-examiner-judgement-of-professional-competence-in-rater-based-assessment
#20
Fiona L Naumann, Stephen Marshall, Boaz Shulruf, Philip D Jones
Exercise physiology courses have transitioned to competency based, forcing Universities to rethink assessment to ensure students are competent to practice. This study built on earlier research to explore rater cognition, capturing factors that contribute to assessor decision making about students' competency. The aims were to determine the source of variation in the examination process and document the factors impacting on examiner judgment. Examiner judgement was explored from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective...
October 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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