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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487454/objectivity-in-subjectivity-do-students-self-and-peer-assessments-correlate-with-examiners-subjective-and-objective-assessment-in-clinical-skills-a-prospective-study
#1
A'man Talal Inayah, Lucman A Anwer, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Akram Nurhussen, Haifa Mazen Alkabbani, Alhanouf A Alzahrani, Adam Subait Obad, Muhammad Zafar, Nasir Ali Afsar
OBJECTIVES: The qualitative subjective assessment has been exercised either by self-reflection (self-assessment (SA)) or by an observer (peer assessment (PA)) and is considered to play an important role in students' development. The objectivity of PA and SA by students as well as those by faculty examiners has remained debated. This matters most when it comes to a high-stakes examination. We explored the degree of objectivity in PA, SA, as well as the global rating by examiners being Examiners' Subjective Assessment (ESA) compared with Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE)...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399690/peer-assessment-in-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-scoping-review
#2
Rishad Khan, Michael W C Payne, Saad Chahine
BACKGROUND: The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), originally designed with experts assessing trainees' competence, is more frequently employed with an element of peer assessment and feedback. Although peer assessment in higher education has been studied, its role in OSCEs has not reviewed. AIMS: The aim of this study is to conduct a scoping review and explore the role of peer assessment and feedback in the OSCE. METHODS: Electronic database and hand searching yielded 507 articles...
April 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344703/key-challenges-for-implementing-a-canadian-based-objective-structured-clinical-examination-osce-in-a-middle-eastern-context
#3
Kyle John Wilby, Mohammad Diab
Globalization of medical education is occurring at a rapid pace and many regions of the world are adapting curricula, teaching methods, and assessment tools from established programs. In the Middle East, the use of Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs) is rare. The College of Pharmacy at Qatar University recently partnered with the University of Toronto and the Supreme Council of Health in Qatar to adapt policies and procedures of a Canadian-based OSCE as an exit-from-degree assessment for pharmacy students in Qatar...
December 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319491/breaking-down-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination-an-evaluation-of-the-helping-babies-breathe-osces
#4
Teresa L Seto, Meredith E Tabangin, Kathryn K Taylor, Srirama Josyula, Juan Carlos Vasquez, Beena D Kamath-Rayne
INTRODUCTION: Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a simulation-based neonatal resuscitation curriculum designed for low-resource settings. At the completion of the workshop, learners complete the following four assessments: a multiple-choice question (MCQ) test, bag-mask ventilation (BMV) checklist, and two objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). Objective structured clinical examinations are clinical performance assessments that evaluate learners' skills in simulated scenarios...
March 18, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139274/examiner-characteristics-and-interrater-reliability-in-a-communication-osce
#5
Achim Mortsiefer, André Karger, Thomas Rotthoff, Bianca Raski, Michael Pentzek
OBJECTIVE: To identify inter-individual examiner factors associated with interrater reliability in a summative communication OSCE in the 4th study year. METHODS: The OSCE consists of 4 stations assessed with a 4-item 5-point global rating instrument. A bivariate secondary analysis of interrater reliability in relation to 4 examiner factors (gender, profession, OSCE experience, examiner training) was conducted. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated and compared between examiner dyads of different similarity...
January 24, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957515/ultrasound-skill-and-application-of-knowledge-assessment-using-an-innovative-osce-competition-based-simulation-approach
#6
Annette Rebel, Habib Srour, Amy DiLorenzo, Dung Nguyen, Shelly Ferrell, Sanjay Dwarakanatli, Emily Haas, Randall M Schell
BACKGROUND: Despite Point-of Care Ultrasound (PoC US) rapidly becoming an important tool in perioperative medicine structured education, PoC US is currently rarely integrated into the anesthesiology residency curriculum. The aim of this project was to assess the current ultrasound skills of anesthesiology residents at one institution and evaluate the needs for development of a formal ultrasound curriculum. METHODS: A event containing 6 different OSCE PoC US stations was developed with following stations: vascular, peripheral nerve block, lung ultrasound, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) human model, pathologic TTE (simulator), and inferior vena cava (IVC) evaluation (simulator)...
July 2016: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875999/helping-babies-breathe-hbb-training-what-happens-to-knowledge-and-skills-over-time
#7
Akash Bang, Archana Patel, Roopa Bellad, Peter Gisore, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Fabian Esamai, Edward A Liechty, Sreelatha Meleth, Norman Goco, Susan Niermeyer, William Keenan, Beena D Kamath-Rayne, George A Little, Susan B Clarke, Victoria A Flanagan, Sherri Bucher, Manish Jain, Nilofer Mujawar, Vinita Jain, Janet Rukunga, Niranjana Mahantshetti, Sangappa Dhaded, Manisha Bhandankar, Elizabeth M McClure, Waldemar A Carlo, Linda L Wright, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: The first minutes after birth are critical to reducing neonatal mortality. Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) is a simulation-based neonatal resuscitation program for low resource settings. We studied the impact of initial HBB training followed by refresher training on the knowledge and skills of the birth attendants in facilities. METHODS: We conducted HBB trainings in 71 facilities in the NICHD Global Network research sites (Nagpur and Belgaum, India and Eldoret, Kenya), with a 6:1 ratio of facility trainees to Master Trainers (MT)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873404/the-show-must-go-on-patients-props-and-pedagogy-in-the-theatre-of-the-osce
#8
Gerard J Gormley, Brian D Hodges, Nancy McNaughton, Jennifer L Johnston
 According to Shakespeare, all the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), that most ubiquitous form of assessment in health professions education, offers us a particular instance of this maxim. Comprising at first glance a world of psychometric data, detailed checklists and global rating scales, the OSCE sets out to facilitate the assessment of a candidate's competence in a highly standardised and objective fashion. Despite this clear intention, OSCEs also offer a rich vein of (often unacknowledged) social and cultural processes...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848171/the-influence-of-first-impressions-on-subsequent-ratings-within-an-osce-station
#9
Timothy J Wood, James Chan, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Debra Pugh, Claire Touchie
Competency-based assessment is placing increasing emphasis on the direct observation of learners. For this process to produce valid results, it is important that raters provide quality judgments that are accurate. Unfortunately, the quality of these judgments is variable and the roles of factors that influence the accuracy of those judgments are not clearly understood. One such factor is first impressions: that is, judgments about people we do not know, made quickly and based on very little information. This study explores the influence of first impressions in an OSCE...
November 15, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756288/the-effectiveness-of-a-mobile-application-for-the-development-of-palpation-and-ultrasound-imaging-skills-to-supplement-the-traditional-learning-of-physiotherapy-students
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carolina Fernández-Lao, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva, Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Elena Caro-Morán, Lourdes Díaz-Rodríguez, Manuel Arroyo-Morales
BACKGROUND: Mobile learning (m-learning) has becoming very popular in education due to the rapidly advancing technology in our society. The potentials of the mobile applications should be used to enhance the education process. Few mobile applications have been designed to complement the study of physical therapy skills for physiotherapy students. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a mobile application, as a supplement to traditional learning, is useful for physiotherapy students in the acquisition of palpation and ultrasound skills in the shoulder area...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637267/an-objective-structured-clinical-exam-to-measure-intrinsic-canmeds-roles
#11
Aliya Kassam, Michèle Cowan, Tyrone Donnon
BACKGROUND: The CanMEDS roles provide a comprehensive framework to organize competency-based curricula; however, there is a challenge in finding feasible, valid, and reliable assessment methods to measure intrinsic roles such as Communicator and Collaborator. The objective structured clinical exam (OSCE) is more commonly used in postgraduate medical education for the assessment of clinical skills beyond medical expertise. METHOD: We developed the CanMEDS In-Training Exam (CITE), a six-station OSCE designed to assess two different CanMEDS roles (one primary and one secondary) and general communication skills at each station...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589949/proficiency-in-identifying-managing-and-communicating-medical-errors-feasibility-and-validity-study-assessing-two-core-competencies
#12
Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Richard D Newcomb, William G Buchta, Mark W Steffen, Zhen Wang, Amanda K Lovett, Lawrence W Steinkraus
BACKGROUND: Communication skills and professionalism are two competencies in graduate medical education that are challenging to evaluate. We aimed to develop, test and validate a de novo instrument to evaluate these two competencies. METHODS: Using an Objective Standardized Clinical Examination (OSCE) based on a medication error scenario, we developed an assessment instrument that focuses on distinctive domains [context of discussion, communication and detection of error, management of error, empathy, use of electronic medical record (EMR) and electronic medical information resources (EMIR), and global rating]...
September 2, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056080/beyond-standard-checklist-assessment-question-sequence-may-impact-student-performance
#13
Jeff LaRochelle, Steven J Durning, John R Boulet, Cees van der Vleuten, Jeroen van Merrienboer, Jeroen Donkers
INTRODUCTION: Clinical encounters are often assessed using a checklist. However, without direct faculty observation, the timing and sequence of questions are not captured. We theorized that the sequence of questions can be captured and measured using coherence scores that may distinguish between low and high performing candidates. METHODS: A logical sequence of key features was determined using the standard case checklist for an observed structured clinical exam (OSCE)...
April 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796200/exploring-examiner-judgement-of-professional-competence-in-rater-based-assessment
#14
Fiona L Naumann, Stephen Marshall, Boaz Shulruf, Philip D Jones
Exercise physiology courses have transitioned to competency based, forcing Universities to rethink assessment to ensure students are competent to practice. This study built on earlier research to explore rater cognition, capturing factors that contribute to assessor decision making about students' competency. The aims were to determine the source of variation in the examination process and document the factors impacting on examiner judgment. Examiner judgement was explored from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective...
October 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26787087/continued-validation-of-the-o-score-ottawa-surgical-competency-operating-room-evaluation-use-in-the-simulated-environment
#15
Matthew J MacEwan, Nancy L Dudek, Timothy J Wood, Wade T Gofton
UNLABELLED: CONSTRUCT: The Ottawa Surgical Competency Operating Room Evaluation (O-SCORE) is a 9-item surgical evaluation tool designed to assess technical competence in surgical trainees using behavioral anchors. BACKGROUND: The initial development of the O-SCORE produced evidence for valid results. Further work is required to determine if the use of a single surgeon or an unblinded rater introduces bias. In addition, the relationship of the O-SCORE to other currently used technical assessment tools should be explored to provide validity evidence related to the relationship to other measures...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26661783/in-the-minds-of-osce-examiners-uncovering-hidden-assumptions
#16
Saad Chahine, Bruce Holmes, Zbigniew Kowalewski
The Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) is a widely used method of assessment in medical education. Rater cognition has become an important area of inquiry in the medical education assessment literature generally, and in the OSCE literature specifically, because of concerns about potential compromises of validity. In this study, a novel approach to mixed methods that combined Ordinal Logistic Hierarchical Linear Modeling and cognitive interviews was used to gain insights about what examiners were thinking during an OSCE...
August 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26380878/large-scale-multi-site-osces-for-national-competency-examination-of-medical-doctors-in-indonesia
#17
Gandes Retno Rahayu, Yoyo Suhoyo, Rachmadya Nurhidayah, Mohammad Adrian Hasdianda, Sari Puspa Dewi, Yulherina Chaniago, Riyani Wikaningrum, Tatong Hariyanto, Sugito Wonodirekso, Trihanggono Achmad
BACKGROUND: Implementing large-scale multi-site objective structured clinical examination (OSCEs) for national competency examination in a low resource country is challenging. AIMS: To describe the first national OSCE for national competency examination of medical doctors in Indonesia and evaluate the reliability, validity, feasibility, acceptability, and educational impact. METHODS: We collected electronically the OSCE scores from 49 out of 73 medical schools that participated to assess reliability and validity...
August 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25822258/the-use-of-global-rating-scales-for-osces-in-veterinary-medicine
#18
Emma K Read, Catriona Bell, Susan Rhind, Kent G Hecker
OSCEs (Objective Structured Clinical Examinations) are widely used in health professions to assess clinical skills competence. Raters use standardized binary checklists (CL) or multi-dimensional global rating scales (GRS) to score candidates performing specific tasks. This study assessed the reliability of CL and GRS scores in the assessment of veterinary students, and is the first study to demonstrate the reliability of GRS within veterinary medical education. Twelve raters from two different schools (6 from University of Calgary [UCVM] and 6 from Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies [R(D)SVS] were asked to score 12 students (6 from each school)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25417986/standard-setting-in-osces-a-borderline-approach
#19
Kingston Rajiah, Sajesh Kalkandi Veettil, Suresh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of clinical skills and competencies is a high-stakes process carrying significant consequences for the candidate. Hence, it is mandatory to have a robust method to justify the pass score in order to maintain a valid and reliable objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). The aim was to trial the borderline approach using the two-domain global rating scale for standard setting in the OSCE. METHODS: For each domain, a set of six-point (from 5 to 0) scales were used to reflect high and low divisions within the 'pass', 'borderline' and 'fail' categories...
December 2014: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25170035/standardised-clients-as-assessors-in-a-veterinary-communication-osce-a-reliability-and-validity-study
#20
E Artemiou, C L Adams, K G Hecker, A Vallevand, C Violato, J B Coe
In human medicine, standardised patients (SP) have been shown to reliably and accurately assess learners' communication performance in high-stakes certification Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE), offering a feasible way to reduce the need for recruitment, time commitment and coordination of faculty assessors. In this study, we evaluated the use of standardised clients (SC) as a viable option for assessing veterinary students' communication performance. We designed a four-station, two-track communication skills OSCE...
November 22, 2014: Veterinary Record
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