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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346171/a-common-procedure-with-an-uncommon-pathology-triamcinolone-acetonide-eyelid-injection
#1
Natalie Wolkow, Frederick A Jakobiec, Mark P Hatton
Local corticosteroid injections are frequently employed by ophthalmologists to treat a variety of ocular, periocular, and orbital inflammatory conditions. Triamcinolone acetonide is a slowly dissolving crystalline corticosteroid that is often used for this purpose because of its prolonged anti-inflammatory effect. On occasion, previously injected corticosteroid material persists in tissues longer than anticipated, creating nodules that may masquerade as other disease conditions, or appearing incidentally in excised lesions on histopathologic examination...
January 17, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343729/drug-self-assembly-for-synthesis-of-highly-loaded-antimicrobial-drug-silica-particles
#2
Cameron A Stewart, Yoav Finer, Benjamin D Hatton
Antimicrobial drug release from biomaterials for orthopedic repair and dental restorations can prevent biofilm growth and caries formation. Carriers for drug incorporation would benefit from long-term drug storage, controlled release, and structural stability. Mesoporous silica, synthesized through a co-assembly of silica and surfactant template, is an ideal drug encapsulation scaffold that maintains structural integrity upon release. However, conventional loading of drug within meso-silica pores via concentration-gradient diffusion limits the overall payload, concentration uniformity, and drug release control...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341511/age-adjusted-d-dimer-for-exclusion-of-pulmonary-embolism-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
D Monks, A Neill, D Barton, A Moughty, A McFeely, A Timmons, S Hatton, D McMorrow
D-Dimer (DD) will increase with age and recent studies have shown the upper limit of normal can be raised in those who are low risk and over 50. We studied age adjusted D-dimer (AADD) levels to assess whether pulmonary embolism (PE) could be safely excluded. This study analysed the Emergency Department (ED) Computed Tomographic Pulmonary Angiography (CTPA) requests. There were 756 requests. The parameters studied were; age, DD value, calculated AADD, CT result and Simplified Geneva Score (SGS). The primary outcome was the diagnostic performance of AADD...
August 8, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336865/continuous-hyperfractionated-accelerated-radiotherapy-chart-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-7-years-experience-from-nine-uk-centres
#4
P Sanganalmath, J E Lester, A G Bradshaw, T Das, C Esler, A E F Roy, E Toy, J F Lester, M Button, P Wilson, C Comins, P Atherton, R Pickles, K Foweraker, G A Walker, M Keni, M Q Hatton
AIM: Continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy (CHART) remains an option to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC; NICE, 2011). We have previously published treatment outcomes from 1998-2003 across five UK centres. Here we update the UK CHART experience, reporting outcomes and toxicities for patients treated between 2003 and 2009. MATERIALS AND METHODS: UK CHART centres were invited to participate in a retrospective data analysis of NSCLC patients treated with CHART from 2003 to 2009...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331915/theory-of-water-treatment-by-capacitive-deionization-with-redox-active-porous-electrodes
#5
Fan He, P M Biesheuvel, Martin Z Bazant, T Alan Hatton
Capacitive deionization (CDI) for water treatment, which relies on the capture of charged species to sustain the electrical double layers (EDLs) established within porous electrodes under an applied electrical potential, can be enhanced by the chemical attachment of fixed charged groups to the porous electrode electrodes (ECDI). It has recently been demonstrated that further improvements in capacity and energy storage can be gained by functionalization of the electrode surfaces with redox polymers in which the charge on the electrodes can be modulated through Faradaic reactions under different cell voltages in a capacitive process that can be called "Faradaic CDI" (FaCDI)...
January 3, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276979/fertility-and-the-health-of-children-in-indonesia
#6
Timothy J Hatton, Robert Sparrow, Daniel Suryadarma, Pierre van der Eng
We analyse the heights of children aged 2 to 12 in the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) focusing on the effect of the number of children in the family. Previous studies of the trade-off between the quantity of children and some measure of their quality have been much concerned with the endogeneity of fertility choices. Here we use the IFLS for 1993, 1997 and 2000 to exploit some unique institutional features that have influenced fertility. We find evidence that family size is influenced both from the supply side, as represented by components of the Indonesian family planning programme, and on the demand side, as represented by exposure to modern media...
December 13, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248071/factors-influencing-professional-state-association-membership-decisions-among-recent-pharmacy-graduates
#7
Stacy Taylor, Ekim Ekinci, Jimmi Hatton Kolpek, Holly Byrnes, Anne Policastri, Robert S Oakley, Michael Herald
INTRODUCTION: State pharmacy association membership levels have remained stagnant in recent years despite active student organization involvement among student pharmacists and an increased number of pharmacy schools producing new pharmacy graduates in the United States. The objective of this project was to examine factors considered by recent pharmacy graduates when deciding to join state pharmacy associations. METHODS: A 16-item cross sectional survey of recent pharmacy graduates collected respondents' demographic profile, professional student organization involvement, association memberships, and membership decision factors...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233471/resolvin-d1-regulates-epithelial-ion-transport-and-inflammation-in-cystic-fibrosis-airways
#8
Fiona C Ringholz, Gerard Higgins, Aurélie Hatton, Ali Sassi, Ahmad Moukachar, Coral Fustero-Torre, Monika Hollenhorst, Isabelle Sermet-Gaudelus, Brian J Harvey, Paul McNally, Valerie Urbach
BACKGROUND: Cystic Fibrosis (CF) lung disease is characterised by dysregulated ion transport that promotes chronic bacterial infection and inflammation. The impact of the specialised pro-resolution mediator resolvin D1 (RvD1) on airway surface liquid (ASL) dynamics and innate defence had not yet been investigated in CF airways. METHODS: Ex vivo studies were performed on primary cultures of alveolar macrophages and bronchial epithelial cells from children with CF and in human bronchial epithelial cell lines; in vivo studies were performed in homozygous F508del-CFTR mice treated with vehicle control or RvD1 (1-100nM)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216557/subcortical-volumetric-differences-between-clinical-stages-of-young-people-with-affective-and-psychotic-disorders
#9
Peta S Eggins, Sean N Hatton, Daniel F Hermens, Ian B Hickie, Jim Lagopoulos
The aim of this study was to investigate differences in subcortical and hippocampal volumes between healthy controls, young people at an early stage of affective and psychotic disorders and those in more advanced stages, to identify markers associated with functional outcomes and illness severity. Young people presenting to youth mental health services with admixtures of depressive, manic and psychotic symptoms (n = 141), and healthy counterparts (n = 49), aged 18-25 were recruited. Participants underwent magnetic resonance imaging, clinical assessments and were rated as to their current clinical stage...
November 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204156/sp17-protein-expression-and-major-histocompatibility-class-i-and-ii-epitope-presentation-in-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-patients
#10
Kamel Ait-Tahar, Amanda P Anderson, Martin Barnardo, Graham P Collins, Chris S R Hatton, Alison H Banham, Karen Pulford
Improved therapies are urgently needed for patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Success using immune checkpoint inhibitors and chimeric antigen receptor T cell technology has fuelled demand for validated cancer epitopes. Immunogenic cancer testis antigens (CTAs), with their widespread expression in many tumours but highly restricted normal tissue distribution, represent attractive immunotherapeutic targets that may improve treatment options for DLBCL and other malignancies. Sperm protein 17 (Sp17), a CTA reported to be immunogenic in ovarian cancer and myeloma patients, is expressed in DLBCL...
2017: Advances in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196617/retarding-oxidation-of-copper-nanoparticles-without-electrical-isolation-and-the-size-dependence-of-work-function
#11
G Dinesha M R Dabera, Marc Walker, Ana M Sanchez, H Jessica Pereira, Richard Beanland, Ross A Hatton
Copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) are attractive as a low-cost alternative to their gold and silver analogues for numerous applications, although their potential has hardly been explored due to their higher susceptibility to oxidation in air. Here we show the unexpected findings of an investigation into the correlation between the air-stability of CuNPs and the structure of the thiolate capping ligand; of the eight different ligands screened, those with the shortest alkyl chain, -(CH2)2-, and a hydrophilic carboxylic acid end group are found to be the most effective at retarding oxidation in air...
December 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194030/prevalence-of-dysphagia-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#12
Janet Robertson, Darren Chadwick, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton
Dysphagia (feeding and swallowing disorder) is associated with serious health complications and psychosocial sequelae. This review summarizes international research relating to the prevalence of dysphagia in people with intellectual disability. Studies published from 1990 to July 2016 were identified using Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO, Web of Science, email requests, and cross-citations. Twenty studies were identified. Dysphagia in people with intellectual disability appears to be associated with more severe levels of intellectual disability, comorbid cerebral palsy, and motor impairments...
December 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183261/self-reported-participation-in-sport-exercise-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-and-without-mild-to-moderate-intellectual-disability
#13
Janet Robertson, Eric Emerson, Susannah Baines, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading risk factor for mortality. Adults with intellectual disability are extremely inactive, but less is known about physical activity levels in children and youth with intellectual disability. This paper examines the participation by adolescents and young adults with and without mild to moderate intellectual disability in sport/exercise. METHODS: Secondary analysis was undertaken of Next Steps, an annual panel study that followed a cohort from early adolescence into adulthood...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171141/the-mental-health-of-adolescents-with-and-without-mild-moderate-intellectual-disabilities-in-england-secondary-analysis-of-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#14
Chris Hatton, Eric Emerson, Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines
BACKGROUND: Children with mild/moderate intellectual disabilities are at greater risk for mental health problems, with socio-economic factors and adversity partly accounting for this. Fewer data are available for adolescents. METHODS: Secondary analysis was undertaken of the Next Steps annual panel study following a cohort through adolescence into adulthood containing self-report mental health data up to age 16/17. Participants with mild/moderate intellectual disabilities were identified through data linkage with educational records...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168259/constipation-management-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Janet Robertson, Susannah Baines, Eric Emerson, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Constipation can lead to serious health issues and death. This systematic review summarizes international research pertaining to the management of constipation in people with intellectual disability. METHOD: Studies published from 1990 to 2017 were identified using Medline, Cinahl, PsycINFO, Web of Science, email requests and cross-citations. Studies were reviewed narratively in relation to identified themes. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were reviewed in relation to three themes: laxative receipt; interventions (dietary fibre, abdominal massage and macrogol); and staff issues (knowledge and training)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153873/comparison-of-behavioural-activation-with-guided-self-help-for-treatment-of-depression-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Andrew Jahoda, Richard Hastings, Chris Hatton, Sally-Ann Cooper, Dave Dagnan, Ruiqi Zhang, Alex McConnachie, Nicola McMeekin, Kim Appleton, Rob Jones, Katie Scott, Lauren Fulton, Rosie Knight, Dawn Knowles, Chris Williams, Andrew Briggs, Ken MacMahon, Helen Lynn, Ian Smith, Gail Thomas, Craig Melville
BACKGROUND: Psychological therapies are first-line interventions for depression, but existing provision is not accessible for many adults with intellectual disabilities. We investigated the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a behavioural activation intervention (BeatIt) for people with intellectual disabilities and depression. BeatIt was compared with a guided self-help intervention (StepUp). METHODS: We did a multicentre, single-blind, randomised, controlled trial with follow-up at 4 months and 12 months after randomisation...
November 13, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152833/training-therapists-to-work-with-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-improving-access-to-psychological-therapies-iapt-services
#17
Dave Dagnan, John Masson, Richard Thwaites, Amy James, Chris Hatton
BACKGROUND: Current policy in the England suggests that people with intellectual disabilities should, where possible, access mainstream mental health services; this should include access to mainstream therapy services. It is likely that mainstream therapists will need training and support to work with people with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Sixty-eight therapists working in an English Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service received one- or 2-day training on working with people with intellectual disabilities...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064711/schizophrenic-diblock-copolymer-functionalized-nanoparticles-as-temperature-responsive-pickering-emulsifiers
#18
Mikhil Ranka, Hari Katepalli, Daniel Blankschtein, T Alan Hatton
Stimuli-responsive pickering emulsions have received considerable attention in recent years, and the utilization of temperature as a stimulus has been of particular interest. Previous efforts have led to responsive systems that enable the formation of stable emulsions at room temperature, which can subsequently be triggered to destabilize with an increase in temperature. The development of a thermoresponsive system that exhibits the opposite response, however, i.e., one that can be triggered to form stable emulsions at elevated temperatures and subsequently be induced to phase separate at lower temperatures, has so far been lacking...
November 8, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061353/intraradicular-appearances-affect-radiographic-interpretation-of-the-periapical-area
#19
Ana C Biscontine, Adam J Diliberto, John F Hatton, Karl F Woodmansey
INTRODUCTION: No research exists evaluating the influences of specific variables such as obturation length, radiodensity, or the presence of voids on interpretation of periradicular area. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of obturation length, radiodensity, and the presence of voids on the radiographic interpretations of periapical areas. METHODS: In a Web-based survey, 3 test image groups of variable obturation lengths, radiodensities, and numbers of voids were presented to observers for evaluation of the periapical areas...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038599/widespread-white-matter-microstructural-differences-in-schizophrenia-across-4322-individuals-results-from-the-enigma-schizophrenia-dti-working-group
#20
S Kelly, N Jahanshad, A Zalesky, P Kochunov, I Agartz, C Alloza, O A Andreassen, C Arango, N Banaj, S Bouix, C A Bousman, R M Brouwer, J Bruggemann, J Bustillo, W Cahn, V Calhoun, D Cannon, V Carr, S Catts, J Chen, J-X Chen, X Chen, C Chiapponi, Kl K Cho, V Ciullo, A S Corvin, B Crespo-Facorro, V Cropley, P De Rossi, C M Diaz-Caneja, E W Dickie, S Ehrlich, F-M Fan, J Faskowitz, H Fatouros-Bergman, L Flyckt, J M Ford, J-P Fouche, M Fukunaga, M Gill, D C Glahn, R Gollub, E D Goudzwaard, H Guo, R E Gur, R C Gur, T P Gurholt, R Hashimoto, S N Hatton, F A Henskens, D P Hibar, I B Hickie, L E Hong, J Horacek, F M Howells, H E Hulshoff Pol, C L Hyde, D Isaev, A Jablensky, P R Jansen, J Janssen, E G Jönsson, L A Jung, R S Kahn, Z Kikinis, K Liu, P Klauser, C Knöchel, M Kubicki, J Lagopoulos, C Langen, S Lawrie, R K Lenroot, K O Lim, C Lopez-Jaramillo, A Lyall, V Magnotta, R C W Mandl, D H Mathalon, R W McCarley, S McCarthy-Jones, C McDonald, S McEwen, A McIntosh, T Melicher, R I Mesholam-Gately, P T Michie, B Mowry, B A Mueller, D T Newell, P O'Donnell, V Oertel-Knöchel, L Oestreich, S A Paciga, C Pantelis, O Pasternak, G Pearlson, G R Pellicano, A Pereira, J Pineda Zapata, F Piras, S G Potkin, A Preda, P E Rasser, D R Roalf, R Roiz, A Roos, D Rotenberg, T D Satterthwaite, P Savadjiev, U Schall, R J Scott, M L Seal, L J Seidman, C Shannon Weickert, C D Whelan, M E Shenton, J S Kwon, G Spalletta, F Spaniel, E Sprooten, M Stäblein, D J Stein, S Sundram, Y Tan, S Tan, S Tang, H S Temmingh, L T Westlye, S Tønnesen, D Tordesillas-Gutierrez, N T Doan, J Vaidya, N E M van Haren, C D Vargas, D Vecchio, D Velakoulis, A Voineskos, J Q Voyvodic, Z Wang, P Wan, D Wei, T W Weickert, H Whalley, T White, T J Whitford, J D Wojcik, H Xiang, Z Xie, H Yamamori, F Yang, N Yao, G Zhang, J Zhao, T G M van Erp, J Turner, P M Thompson, G Donohoe
The regional distribution of white matter (WM) abnormalities in schizophrenia remains poorly understood, and reported disease effects on the brain vary widely between studies. In an effort to identify commonalities across studies, we perform what we believe is the first ever large-scale coordinated study of WM microstructural differences in schizophrenia. Our analysis consisted of 2359 healthy controls and 1963 schizophrenia patients from 29 independent international studies; we harmonized the processing and statistical analyses of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data across sites and meta-analyzed effects across studies...
October 17, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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