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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425302/probing-morphological-syntactic-and-pragmatic-knowledge-through-answers-to-wh-questions-in-children-with-sli
#1
Kelly Rombough, Rosalind Thornton
PURPOSE: This study investigated aspects of morphology, syntax and pragmatics in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). These areas of language were investigated by evaluating children's answers to wh-questions. METHOD: Elicited production methodology was used to evoke answers to three types of wh-questions. There were 54 participants: 18 children with SLI (mean age = 5;3); 18 language-matched children matched on mean length of utterance (mean age = 3;4) and 18 age-matched children (mean age = 5;3)...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425255/aortic-valve-sclerosis-is-associated-with-the-extent-of-coronaryartery-disease-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Selim Topcu, Uğur Aksu, Kamuran Kalkan, Oktay Gülcü, Arzu Kalayci Karabay, Enbiya Aksakal, İbrahim Halil Tanboğa, Serdar Sevimli
BACKGROUND/AIM: Aortic valve sclerosis (AVS) is characterized by lipid deposition and calcific infiltration on the edge of aortic leaflets without significant restriction of motion. The SYNTAX Score (SS) is an important method for evaluating coronary artery disease (CAD). Many studies showed that there is an important relation between the SS and undesired cardiac outcomes. In our study, we investigated the correlation between the SS and AVS by including both ACS and stable CAD cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 543 patients with CAD who underwent coronary angiography into this cross-sectional study between September 2013 and September 2014...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424437/-the-effects-of-coronary-artery-disease-severity-on-left-atrial-deformation-parameters-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Arzu Kalaycı, Can Yücel Karabay, Onur Taşar, Servet İzci, Çetin Geçmen, Vecih Oduncu, İbrahim Akın İzgi, Cevat Kırma
OBJECTIVES: Aim of the present study was to investigate correlation between left atrial (LA) deformation parameters assessed using 2-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and complexity of coronary artery disease according to SYNTAX score (SXscore) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD). STUDY DESIGN: Total of 60 moderate-risk SCAD patients (40 men, 20 women) who underwent coronary angiography and 30 healthy controls were included...
March 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424391/-brodmann-areas-11-46-and-47-emotion-memory-and-empathy
#4
Keita Ueda, Gaku Fujimoto, Shiho Ubukata, Toshiya Murai
Brodmann area 11 is one of the main constituent of the orbitofrontal cortex, and area 46 is that of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. The main function of Brodmann area 11 is the processing of emotion and value, whereas the main function of Brodmann area 46 is the processing of cognitive information, including working memory. In comparison, the function of area 47 is more complex. This area is related to the feeling of empathy towards the story contents of others, which is thought to be the emotional aspect of this area, while this area is also activated during automated action...
April 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417594/real-world-supported-unprotected-left-main-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-impella-device-data-from-the-uspella-registry
#5
Theodore Schreiber, Wah Wah Htun, Nimrod Blank, Tesfaye Telila, Nestor Mercado, Alexandros Briasoulis, Amir Kaki, Ashok Kondur, Ahmad Munir, Cindy Grines
BACKGROUND: Patients with left main (LM) coronary artery disease are increasingly being treated with percutaneous revascularization (PCI). The safety, feasibility, and efficacy of unprotected LM intervention (ULMI) with hemodynamic support by Impella device have not been evaluated previously. OBJECTIVE: Using a large retrospective single center database from the USpella registry, we evaluated the safety, feasibility, and potential benefits of periprocedural left ventricular assist with axial flow Impella 2...
April 18, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412593/bootstrapping-language-acquisition
#6
Omri Abend, Tom Kwiatkowski, Nathaniel J Smith, Sharon Goldwater, Mark Steedman
The semantic bootstrapping hypothesis proposes that children acquire their native language through exposure to sentences of the language paired with structured representations of their meaning, whose component substructures can be associated with words and syntactic structures used to express these concepts. The child's task is then to learn a language-specific grammar and lexicon based on (probably contextually ambiguous, possibly somewhat noisy) pairs of sentences and their meaning representations (logical forms)...
April 13, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400034/association-of-syntax-score-with-short-term-outcomes-among-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-undergoing-primary-pci
#7
Sarita Choudhary
OBJECTIVE: Syntax score (SX) has emerged as a reproducible angiographic tool to quantify the extent of coronary artery disease based on location and complexity of each lesion. It has been shown to predict long-term clinical outcomes in patients with left main or multi-vessel disease and recently also in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary PCI. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the syntax score is associated with short-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)...
April 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392209/verbal-working-memory-in-schizophrenia-the-role-of-syntax-in-facilitating-serial-recall
#8
Adrienne W Y Li, Nestor Viñas-Guasch, Christy L M Hui, Wing-Chung Chang, Sherry K W Chan, Edwin H M Lee, Eric Y H Chen
BACKGROUND: Deficits in verbal working memory (VWM) have consistently been observed in schizophrenia, ranging from impairments in capacity, encoding, to irregular semantic organisation. However, syntactic deficits are less well-characterised, despite its crucial role in language construction. This study examines the role of simple syntactic structure (basis of the "sentence superiority effect") in VWM of patients with psychotic disorders. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders (n=40) and healthy controls matched on age, sex and education (n=40) were administered an auditory serial recall task containing word lists with low semantic coherence and either syntactically familiar structure (noun-verb-noun sequence) or syntactically unfamiliar structure...
April 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390620/story-retelling-skills-in-persian-speaking-hearing-impaired-children
#9
Farnoush Jarollahi, Reyhane Mohamadi, Yahya Modarresi, Zahra Agharasouli, Shadi Rahimzadeh, Tayebeh Ahmadi, Mohammad-Reza Keyhani
OBJECTIVES: Since the pragmatic skills of hearing-impaired Persian-speaking children have not yet been investigated particularly through story retelling, this study aimed to evaluate some pragmatic abilities of normal-hearing and hearing-impaired children using a story retelling test. METHODS: 15 normal-hearing and 15 profound hearing-impaired 7-year-old children were evaluated using the story retelling test with the content validity of 89%, construct validity of 85%, and reliability of 83%...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388767/treatment-of-coronary-artery-disease-randomized-trials-on-myocardial-revascularization-and-complete-arterial-bypass-grafting
#10
Ardawan J Rastan
Friedrich Wilhelm Mohr from the very beginning of his career as a cardiac surgeon was involved in the refinements of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). At the Leipzig Heart Center, his spirit of early adapting to new technologies inspired the entire team and led to a matchless scientific atmosphere to find solutions to improve almost all fields of cardiac surgery, including CABG. In combination with a tremendous number of patients with indications for isolated coronary artery bypass Prof. Mohr as the surgical principle investigator and the Leipzig Heart Center were able to include patients in the Synergy between PCI [percutaneous coronary intervention] with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial, the first randomized trials comparing CABG and PCIs using the drug-eluting stents...
April 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388219/inter-individual-variability-in-discourse-informativeness-in-elderly-populations
#11
Aurélie Pistono, Jérémie Pariente, Catherine Bézy, Josette Pastor, Thi Mai Tran, Antoine Renard, Marion Fossard, Jean-Luc Nespoulous, Mélanie Jucla
An increasing number of studies focus on discourse production in patients with neurodegenerative diseases and underline its clinical usefulness. However, if this is to be used as a clinical tool, one needs to consider how normal discourse varies within cognitively unimpaired elderly populations. In the current study, the aim has been to investigate discourse macrolinguistic variability. For this, 123 participants aged between 55 and 84 were recruited. A cluster analysis of their discourse macrolinguistic features was conducted...
2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373177/glycemic-control-status-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-and-long-term-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Jin Kyung Hwang, Seung Hwa Lee, Young Bin Song, Joonghyun Ahn, Keumhee Carriere, Mi Ja Jang, Taek Kyu Park, Seung-Hyuk Choi, Jeong Hoon Yang, Jin-Ho Choi, Sang Hoon Lee, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Joo-Yong Hahn
BACKGROUND: Data on the association between glycemic control after percutaneous coronary intervention and clinical outcomes are limited and controversial in diabetic patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 980 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention using drug-eluting stents. Based on 2-year glycosylated hemoglobin A (HbA1c) levels, we divided patients into 2 groups of HbA1c<7.0 (n=489) and HbA1c≥7.0 (n=491). Propensity score-matched analysis was performed in 322 pairs...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371437/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-left-main-coronary-artery-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
Sharan P Sharma, Khagendra Dahal, Jaspreet Khatra, Alan Rosenfeld, Juyoung Lee
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) is as effective and safe as Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) for left main coronary artery disease. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared PCI and CABG in left main coronary disease. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, Scopus and relevant references for RCTs (inception through, November 20, 2016 without language restrictions) and performed meta-analysis using random effects model...
March 30, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369259/diagnostic-value-of-global-myocardial-perfusion-reserve-assessment-based-on-coronary-sinus-flow-measurements-using-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-in-addition-to-myocardial-stress-perfusion-imaging
#14
Zornitsa Shomanova, Anca Florian, Michael Bietenbeck, Johannes Waltenberger, Udo Sechtem, Ali Yilmaz
Aims: Myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) is defined as the maximal possible increase in myocardial blood flow (MBF) above baseline conditions. Global MBF can be measured non-invasively by means of coronary sinus flow velocity encoded cine (VENC) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). We aimed to explore the relationship between global MBF/MPR and the extent and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients referred for CAD work-up by adenosine-stress CMR. Methods and results: Fifty-eight patients with suspected obstructive CAD underwent both adenosine-stress CMR and invasive coronary angiography...
March 23, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366607/influence-about-the-flow-of-distal-branch-after-intervention-of-the-right-coronary-artery-chronic-total-occlusion
#15
Hsiu-Yu Fang, Chiung-Jen Wu, Chih-Yuan Fang, Wei-Chieh Lee
OBJECTIVE: Limited data are available for the clinical outcomes after the recanalization of right coronary artery (RCA) chronic total occlusion (CTO). The study aims to assess the clinical outcomes in the antegrade flow of the distal branch after successful RCA CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2012, 538 patients who underwent RCA CTO PCI were enrolled. The clinical outcomes as myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization, cardiac death, major adverse cardiac events, and all-cause mortality, were compared to the antegrade flow of distal branch after successful RCA CTO PCI...
March 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359298/monocyte-lymphocyte-ratio-predicts-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-a-syntax-score-assessment
#16
Hanhua Ji, Yang Li, Zeyuan Fan, Bo Zuo, Xinwen Jian, Li Li, Tao Liu
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore whether monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) provides predictive value of the lesion severity in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Five hundred forty-three patients undergoing coronary angiography were analyzed in this retrospective study. Patients with coronary stenosis were divided into three groups on the basis of Syntax score. The control group consisted of patients with normal coronary arteries. MLR was calculated by dividing monocytes count by lymphocytes count obtained from routine blood examination...
March 31, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353312/prediction-of-coronary-artery-disease-severity-in-lower-extremity-artery-disease-patients-a-correlation-study-of-tasc-ii-classification-syntax-and-syntax-ii-scores
#17
Ertan Vuruskan, Erhan Saracoglu, Mustafa Polat, Irfan Veysel Duzen
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD) is a well-established risk factor for concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). There are no published data combining all three lower limb arterial segments (aortoiliac, femoropopliteal and below the knee vessels) in order to estimate CAD severity in LEAD patients. Herein has been derived a new scoring system for this purpose, which uses the well-known TASC II classification, Syntax score and, for the first time in medical literature, a Syntax II score...
March 29, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343766/prediction-of-high-on-treatment-platelet-reactivity-in-clopidogrel-treated-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#18
G M Podda, E Grossi, T Palmerini, M Buscema, E A Femia, D Della Riva, S de Servi, P Calabrò, F Piscione, D Maffeo, A Toso, C Palmieri, M De Carlo, D Capodanno, P Genereux, M Cattaneo
BACKGROUND: About 40% of clopidogrel-treated patients display high platelet reactivity (HPR). Alternative treatments of HPR patients, identified by platelet function tests, failed to improve their clinical outcomes in large randomized clinical trials. A more appealing alternative would be to identify HPR patients a priori, based on the presence/absence of demographic, clinical and genetic factors that affect PR. Due to the complexity and multiplicity of these factors, traditional statistical methods (TSMs) fail to identify a priori HPR patients accurately...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342071/estimating-psychological-networks-and-their-accuracy-a-tutorial-paper
#19
Sacha Epskamp, Denny Borsboom, Eiko I Fried
The usage of psychological networks that conceptualize behavior as a complex interplay of psychological and other components has gained increasing popularity in various research fields. While prior publications have tackled the topics of estimating and interpreting such networks, little work has been conducted to check how accurate (i.e., prone to sampling variation) networks are estimated, and how stable (i.e., interpretation remains similar with less observations) inferences from the network structure (such as centrality indices) are...
March 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341359/prognostic-value-of-the-clinical-syntax-score-on-2-year-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-who-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#20
Chen He, Ying Song, Chuang-Shi Wang, Yi Yao, Xiao-Fang Tang, Xue-Yan Zhao, Run-Lin Gao, Yue-Jin Yang, Bo Xu, Jin-Qing Yuan
This prospective, single-center, observational study evaluated prognostic value of clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) on 2-year outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The SYNTAX score (SS) is a scoring system based on the complexity and severity of coronary lesions and is thought to be a prognostic tool to predict long-term outcomes. However, SS was a sole angiographic grading tool only with no consideration for clinical factors. There are few studies investigating the prognostic value of CSS in patients with ACS who underwent PCI...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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