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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333508/morphological-variability-in-second-language-learners-an-examination-of-electrophysiological-and-production-data
#1
José Alemán Bañón, David Miller, Jason Rothman
We examined sources of morphological variability in second language (L2) learners of Spanish whose native language (L1) is English, with a focus on L1-L2 similarity, morphological markedness, and knowledge type (receptive vs. expressive). Experiment 1 uses event-related potentials to examine noun-adjective number (present in L1) and gender agreement (absent in L1) in online sentence comprehension (receptive knowledge). For each feature, markedness was manipulated, such that half of the critical noun-adjective combinations were feminine (marked) and the other half were masculine; half were used in the plural (marked) and the other half were used in the singular...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329291/coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-versus-drug-eluting-stent-implantation-for-high-surgical-risk-patients-with-left-main-or-multivessel-coronary-artery-disease
#2
Mineok Chang, Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Rafael Cavalcante, Yohei Sotomi, Yoshinobu Onuma, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Patrick W Serruys, Seung-Jung Park
OBJECTIVES: There are limited data comparing long-term outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients with high surgical risk. We evaluated 5-year outcomes following CABG versus PCI with DES in 598 patients with left main or multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) and a high surgical risk [EuroSCORE (European system for cardiac operative risk evaluation) ≥ 6]. METHODS: Databases were merged from the BEST, PRECOMBAT and SYNTAX trials...
December 20, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329159/concomitant-therapy-off-pump-coronary-revascularization-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#3
Samir Ahad, Kristina Wachter, Christian Rustenbach, Alina Stan, Stephan Hill, Tim Schäufele, Adrian Ursulescu, Ulrich F W Franke, Hardy Baumbach
OBJECTIVES: Significant coronary artery disease (CAD) is common among patients evaluated for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Only little data exist on outcome of patients undergoing concomitant off-pump coronary revascularization and TAVI. The goal of this study was to analyse the impact of concomitant off-pump revascularization on early clinical outcome and 2-year follow-up of patients undergoing TAVI. METHODS: A total of 70 patients with significant CAD and aortic valve stenosis were included between January 2011 and January 2016...
March 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325520/percutaneous-revascularization-of-coronary-chronic-total-occlusion-toward-a-reappraisal-of-the-available-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Pasi P Karjalainen, Wail Nammas
Chronic total occlusion (CTO) is a challenging subset of coronary artery disease that is commonly encountered in real-world practice; it is associated with worse long-term prognosis. Observational studies suggest that percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for CTO is associated with reduction in myocardial ischemia and improvement in quality of life and left ventricular function. Some observational studies suggested that CTO-PCI is associated with improvement of the 'hard' clinical endpoints; others did not...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323250/the-atomic-simulation-environment-a-python-library-for-working-with-atoms
#5
Ask Larsen, Jens Mortensen, Jakob Blomqvist, Ivano Castelli, Rune Christensen, Marcin Dulak, Jesper Friis, Michael Groves, Bjork Hammer, Cory Hargus, Eric Hermes, Paul Jennings, Peter Jensen, James Kermode, John Kitchin, Esben Kolsbjerg, Joseph Kubal, Kristen Kaasbjerg, Steen Lysgaard, Jon Maronsson, Tristan Maxson, Thomas Olsen, Lars Pastewka, Andrew Peterson, Carsten Rostgaard, Jakob Schiøtz, Ole Schütt, Mikkel Strange, Kristian Thygesen, Tejs Vegge, Lasse Vilhelmsen, Michael Walter, Zhenhua Zeng, Karsten Wedel Jacobsen
The Atomic Simulation Environment (ASE) is a software package written in the Python programming language with the aim of setting up, steering, and analyzing atomistic simula- tions. In ASE, tasks are fully scripted in Python. The powerful syntax of Python combined with the NumPy array library make it possible to perform very complex simulation tasks. For example, a sequence of calculations may be performed with the use of a simple "for-loop" construction. Calculations of energy, forces, stresses and other quantities are performed through interfaces to many external electronic structure codes or force fields using a uniform interface...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320685/does-geographical-variability-influence-5-year-macce-rates-in-the-multicenter-syntax-revascularization-trial
#6
Andrew K Roy, Bernard Chevalier, Thierry Lefèvre, Yves Louvard, Ricardo Segurado, Fadi Sawaya, Marco Spaziano, Antoinette Neylon, Patrick W Serruys, Keith D Dawkins, Arie Pieter Kappetein, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr, Antonio Colombo, Ted Feldman, Marie-Claude Morice
AIMS: The use of multiple geographical sites for randomized cardiovascular trials may lead to important heterogeneity in treatment effects. This study aimed to determine whether treatment effects from different geographical recruitment regions significantly impacted 5-year MACCE rates in the SYNTAX trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: Five-year SYNTAX results (n=1800) were analyzed for geographical variability by site and country for the effect of treatment (CABG vs PCI) on MACCE rates...
March 21, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318539/a-revival-of-the-homo-loquens-as-a-builder-of-labeled-structures-neurocognitive-considerations
#7
REVIEW
T Goucha, E Zaccarella, A D Friederici
The core capacity of human language is described as the faculty to combine words into hierarchical structures. This review aims to isolate the fundamental computation behind the language faculty together with its neural implementation. First, we present our central hypothesis by confronting recent linguistic theory with evolutionary arguments: linguistic humaniqueness is reflected in the labeling of word combinations forming asymmetric hierarchical structures. Second, we review the neurolinguistic literature, especially focusing on dual-stream connectivity models...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318135/effect-of-coronary-dominance-on-2-year-outcomes-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#8
Chen He, Yuan-Liang Ma, Chuang-Shi Wang, Ying Song, Xiao-Fang Tang, Xue-Yan Zhao, Run-Lin Gao, Yue-Jin Yang, Bo Xu, Jin-Qing Yuan
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective, single-center, observational analysis from prospectively collected database evaluated whether left dominance affected the long-term outcomes of acute coronary syndrome patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention, and whether the effect was independent of SYNTAX score. BACKGROUND: Left dominance is believed to be associated with worse prognoses. The anatomical SYNTAX score is a scoring system based on the complexity and severity of coronary lesions and is thought to be a prognostic tool to predict short- and long-term outcomes...
March 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315571/the-relationship-of-micronucleus-frequency-and-nuclear-division-index-with-coronary-artery-disease-syntax-and-gensini-scores
#9
Emrah İpek, Emrah Ermiş, Handan Uysal, Halit Kızılet, Selami Demirelli, Erkan Yıldırım, Sedat Ünver, Bircan Demir, Nergiz Kızılet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the relationship of micronucleus (MN) frequency and nuclear division index (NDI) with SYNTAX and Gensini scores and thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) frame counts of coronary arteries in patients undergoing coronary angiography. METHODS: In a single-center prospective observational study, a total of 63 individuals, 48 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and 15 healthy people were included. Before coronary angiography (exposure to X-ray), blood samples were collected for lymphocyte cultures, MN and NDI measurements...
March 9, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315564/clinical-risk-scores-predict-procedural-complications-of-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
László Hadadi, Razvan Constantin Şerban, Alina Scridon, Ioana Şuş, Éva Katalin Lakatos, Zoltán Demjén, Dan Dobreanu
OBJECTIVE: The predictive value of five risk score models containing clinical (PAMI-PMS, GRACE-GRS, and modified ACEF-ACEFm-scores), angiographic SYNTAX score (SXS) and combined Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) variables were evaluated for the incidence of three procedural complications of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI): iatrogenic coronary artery dissection, angiographically visible distal embolization and angiographic no-reflow phenomenon. METHODS: The mentioned scores and the incidence of procedural complications were retrospectively analyzed in 399 consecutive patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction who underwent pPCI...
March 9, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315181/update-on-the-management-of-chronic-total-occlusions-in-coronary-artery-disease
#11
REVIEW
Kathleen Kearney, Ravi S Hira, Robert F Riley, Arun Kalyanasundaram, William L Lombardi
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in about a third of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and can pose a significant challenge during percutaneous revascularization. However, advances in CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategies, devices, and algorithms have led to significant improvements in successful treatment of CTOs. This review summarizes current management of CTOs in the context of modern PCI techniques and current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: The hybrid algorithm now provides a standardized, teachable approach to CTO PCI, and success rates are approximately 90% in experienced hands...
April 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302432/the-influence-of-spatial-configuration-on-the-frequency-of-use-of-hand-sanitizing-stations-in-health-care-environments
#12
Jun Rong Jeffrey Neo, Rana Sagha-Zadeh
BACKGROUND: The lack of user-friendly, accessible, and visible hand sanitizing stations (HSSs) in health care environments are significant factors affecting low hand hygiene compliance rates among caregivers. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the simulated parameters of visibility and global traffic flow score for an HSS can influence the frequency of use of that HSS. METHODS: Space syntax was used to measure virtual simulation of spatial layouts of 3 units to provide quantitative visibility and global traffic flow scores for each HSS...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299238/erratum-syntax-score-in-patients-with-high-computed-tomography-coronary-calcium-score
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 46 in vol. 6, PMID: 28028450.].
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296640/the-syntax-score-for-chronic-total-occlusions-building-a-better-mousetrap
#14
EDITORIAL
Salman A Arain, H Vernon Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296639/impact-of-chronic-total-occlusions-on-revascularization-scores-and-outcome-prediction
#15
Björn Redfors, Tullio Palmerini, Adriano Caixeta, Girma Minalu Ayele, Dominic P Francese, Roxana Mehran, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Ajay J Kirtane, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Gregg W Stone, Philippe Généreux
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contribution of chronic total occlusion (CTO)-related SYNTAX score (SS) to the overall SS for patients with CTO and compare the traditional SS to a simplified variant. The SS algorithm assigns CTO lesions a greater weight (5× points) than non-CTO lesions (50% to <100% diameter stenosis; 2× points). METHODS: We calculated the SS and the simplified SS (2× points also to CTO lesions) for 4356 patients from the angiographic substudy of the Acute Catheterization and Urgent Intervention Triage StrategY (ACUITY) trial...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296170/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-or-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Ahmed N Mahmoud, Islam Y Elgendy, Amgad Mentias, Marwan Saad, Walid Ibrahim, Mohammad K Mojadidi, Ramez Nairooz, Parham Eshtehardi, R David Anderson, Habib Samady
BACKGROUND: Recent trials comparing PCI with CABG for unprotected left main disease yielded discrepant evidence. OBJECTIVES: To perform an updated meta-analysis of randomized trials comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease. METHODS: Randomized trials comparing PCI versus CABG for patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease were included...
March 15, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288909/oscillatory-eeg-dynamics-underlying-automatic-chunking-during-sentence-processing
#17
Corinna E Bonhage, Lars Meyer, Thomas Gruber, Angela D Friederici, Jutta L Mueller
Sentences are easier to remember than random word sequences, likely because linguistic regularities facilitate chunking of words into meaningful groups. The present electroencephalography study investigated the neural oscillations modulated by this so-called sentence superiority effect during the encoding and maintenance of sentence fragments versus word lists. We hypothesized a chunking-related modulation of neural processing during the encoding and retention of sentence fragments as compared to word lists...
March 10, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287768/eye-movements-in-implicit-artificial-grammar-learning
#18
Susana Silva, Filomena Inácio, Vasiliki Folia, Karl Magnus Petersson
Artificial grammar learning (AGL) has been probed with forced-choice behavioral tests (active tests). Recent attempts to probe the outcomes of learning (implicitly acquired knowledge) with eye-movement responses (passive tests) have shown null results. However, these latter studies have not tested for sensitivity effects, for example, increased eye movements on a printed violation. In this study, we tested for sensitivity effects in AGL tests with (Experiment 1) and without (Experiment 2) concurrent active tests (preference- and grammaticality classification) in an eye-tracking experiment...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285786/effects-of-staged-versus-adhoc-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-on-renal-function-is-there-a-benefit-to-staging
#19
Mahek Shah, Deepakraj Gajanana, David S Wheeler, Chitra Punjabi, Obiora Maludum, Kene Mezue, Edgar V Lerma, Amer Ardati, Abel Romero-Corral, Christian Witzke, Janani Rangaswami
AIM: The purpose of this study is to determine whether adhoc (same session) percutaneous coronary intervention, and staged (multiple session) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have different renal outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective cohort study that compares the maximal decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) at various times points (3-6days, 1-4weeks, 4-12weeks) after either adhoc or staged PCI. 115 patients undergoing staged PCI and 115 matched adhoc PCI controls were included in the study...
February 28, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283362/syntax-score-ii-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-undergoing-percutaneous-mitral-repair-with-the-mitraclip
#20
Slayman Obeid, Adrian Attinger-Toller, Maurizio Taramasso, Giovanni Pedrazzini, Gabor Suetsch, Fabienne Landolt, Fatih Karbeyaz, Hector Rodriguez, Daniel Sürder, Tiziano Moccetti, Fabian Nietlispach, Francesco Maisano
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR) using the MitraClip™ system has become a valuable alternative in patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and high surgical risk. We sought to evaluate the prognostic value of the SYNTAX II score (SSII) in patients with concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing a Mitraclip procedure. METHODS: In seventy-five consecutive patients who underwent PMVR at the University Heart Center Zürich and the Cardiocentro Ticino, the SSSII was calculated at baseline...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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