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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783788/development-of-the-mental-synthesis-evaluation-checklist-msec-a-parent-report-tool-for-mental-synthesis-ability-assessment-in-children-with-language-delay
#1
Julia Braverman, Rita Dunn, Andrey Vyshedskiy
Mental synthesis is the conscious purposeful process of synthesizing novel mental images from objects stored in memory. Mental synthesis ability is essential for understanding complex syntax, spatial prepositions, and verb tenses. In typical children, the timeline of mental synthesis acquisition is highly correlated with an increasing vocabulary. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), on the other hand, may learn hundreds of words but never acquire mental synthesis. In these individuals, tests assessing vocabulary comprehension may fail to demonstrate the profound deficit in mental synthesis...
May 20, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777667/properties-and-units-in-the-clinical-laboratory-sciences-part-xxiv-properties-and-units-in-clinical-molecular-genetics-technical-report-2017
#2
Ulla M Petersen, Ariadna Padró Miquel, Graham Taylor, Jens Michael Hertz, Rebecca Ceder, Xavier Fuentes Arderiu, Johan T den Dunnen
This document describes the application of the syntax, semantic rules, and format of the Nomenclature for Properties and Units (NPU) terminology for coded dedicated kinds-of-property in the subject field of clinical molecular genetics. A vocabulary for NPU definitions in this field, based on international terminology and nomenclature, is introduced; examples of actual NPU definitions for different types of investigations are given and explained.
May 16, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775974/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-form-food-frequency-questionnaire-for-pregnancy-into-brazilian-portuguese
#3
Karina Tamy Kasawara, Daiane S M Paulino, Roberta Bgeginski, Chistine L Cleghorn, Michelle F Mottola, Fernanda Garanhani Surita
OBJECTIVE:  To translate and culturally adapt the short-form Food Frequency Questionnaire (SFFFQ) for pregnant women, which contains 24 questions, into Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS:  Description of the process of translation and cultural adaptation of the SFFFQ into Brazilian Portuguese. The present study followed the recommendation of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research for translation and cultural adaptation with the following steps: 1) preparation; 2) first translation; 3) reconciliation; 4) back translation; 5) revision of back translation; 6) harmonization; 7) cognitive debriefing; 8) revision of debriefing results; 9) syntax and orthographic revision; and 10) final report...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775771/a-detailed-analysis-of-the-arden-syntax-expression-grammar
#4
Stefan Kraus, Marc Rosenbauer, Lutz Schröder, Thomas Bürkle, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig, Dennis Toddenroth
OBJECTIVE: The Arden Syntax for Medical Logic Systems is a standard for encoding and sharing medical knowledge in the form of Medical Logic Modules. To improve accessibility for clinicians, the originators of the standard deliberately designed Arden Syntax expressions to resemble natural language, and parentheses around operands are not generally required. For certain patterns of nested expressions, however, the use of parentheses is mandatory, otherwise they are not accepted by an Arden Syntax environment...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775094/developmental-dyslexia-and-specific-language-impairment-distinct-syntactic-profiles
#5
Hélène Delage, Stephanie Durrleman
Recent work exploring syntax in developmental dyslexia (DD) has identified morphosyntactic deficits, striking parallelisms between children with DD and specific language impairment (SLI). The question remains open if the underlying causes for such deficits are related to difficulties in phonology, which is affected in DD, or to working memory, as has been previously reported for SLI. We focus on the production of third person accusative clitic pronouns (ACC3) and of homophonous definite determiners in French-speaking children with DD and SLI as well as typically developing (TD) controls...
May 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771964/lexical-representation-explains-cortical-entrainment-during-speech-comprehension
#6
Stefan L Frank, Jinbiao Yang
Results from a recent neuroimaging study on spoken sentence comprehension have been interpreted as evidence for cortical entrainment to hierarchical syntactic structure. We present a simple computational model that predicts the power spectra from this study, even though the model's linguistic knowledge is restricted to the lexical level, and word-level representations are not combined into higher-level units (phrases or sentences). Hence, the cortical entrainment results can also be explained from the lexical properties of the stimuli, without recourse to hierarchical syntax...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766379/relative-salience-of-syllable-structure-and-syllable-order-in-zebra-finch-song
#7
Shelby L Lawson, Adam R Fishbein, Nora H Prior, Gregory F Ball, Robert J Dooling
There is a rich history of behavioral and neurobiological research focused on the 'syntax' of birdsong as a model for human language and complex auditory perception. Zebra finches are one of the most widely studied songbird species in this area of investigation. As they produce song syllables in a fixed sequence, it is reasonable to assume that adult zebra finches are also sensitive to the order of syllables within their song; however, results from electrophysiological and behavioral studies provide somewhat mixed evidence on exactly how sensitive zebra finches are to syllable order as compared, say, to syllable structure...
May 15, 2018: Animal Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754464/clapping-in-time-parallels-literacy-and-calls-upon-overlapping-neural-mechanisms-in-early-readers
#8
Silvia Bonacina, Jennifer Krizman, Travis White-Schwoch, Nina Kraus
The auditory system is extremely precise in processing the temporal information of perceptual events and using these cues to coordinate action. Synchronizing movement to a steady beat relies on this bidirectional connection between sensory and motor systems, and activates many of the auditory and cognitive processes used when reading. Here, we use Interactive Metronome, a clinical intervention technology requiring an individual to clap her hands in time with a steady beat, to investigate whether the links between literacy and synchronization skills, previously established in older children, are also evident in children who are learning to read...
May 12, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754240/engineering-genomes-with-genotype-specification-language
#9
Erin H Wilson, Chris Macklin, Darren Platt
High quality DNA design tools are becoming increasingly important as synthetic biology continues to increase the rate and throughput of building and testing genetic constructs. To make effective use of expanded build and test capacity, genotype design tools must not only be efficient enough to allow for many designs to be easily created, but also expressive enough to support the complex design patterns required by scientists on the frontier of genome engineering. Genotype Specification Language (GSL) is a language-based design tool invented at Amyris that enables scientists to quickly create DNA designs using a familiar syntax...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753216/false-belief-and-relative-clauses-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Stephanie Durrleman, Wolfram Hinzen, Julie Franck
Previous studies have suggested sentential complementation is the crucial ingredient of language that relates to false-belief (FB) reasoning, while the role of relative clauses (RCs) is less clear. Nevertheless, under the hypothesis that clausal embedding has a meta-representational effect, arguably implied in FB, one expects a link between FB and not only complementation but also relativization. Seventeen children with ASD (6 to 16 years, mean age 9;2) were assessed for RCs and FB. Comprehension of RCs significantly predicted FB performance, while none of the controlled factors played a predictive role (comprehension of simple sentences, vocabulary, morpho-syntax and working memory)...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751829/querying-archetype-based-ehrs-by-search-ontology-based-xpath-engineering
#11
Stefan Kropf, Alexandr Uciteli, Katrin Schierle, Peter Krücken, Kerstin Denecke, Heinrich Herre
BACKGROUND: Legacy data and new structured data can be stored in a standardized format as XML-based EHRs on XML databases. Querying documents on these databases is crucial for answering research questions. Instead of using free text searches, that lead to false positive results, the precision can be increased by constraining the search to certain parts of documents. METHODS: A search ontology-based specification of queries on XML documents defines search concepts and relates them to parts in the XML document structure...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749665/contribution-of-parenting-to-complex-syntax-development-in-preschool-children-with-developmental-delays-or-typical-development
#12
C T Moody, B L Baker, J Blacher
BACKGROUND: Despite studies of how parent-child interactions relate to early child language development, few have examined the continued contribution of parenting to more complex language skills through the preschool years. The current study explored how positive and negative parenting behaviours relate to growth in complex syntax learning from child age 3 to age 4 years, for children with typical development or developmental delays (DDs). METHODS: Participants were children with or without DD (N = 60) participating in a longitudinal study of development...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747321/-prognostic-value-of-syntax-score-on-1-year-outcome-in-patients-underwent-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
J Wang, C D Guan, J S Yuan, R L Gao, B Xu, S B Qiao
Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of SYNTAX score on 1 year outcome in coronary heart disease patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Methods: The present study (PANDA Ⅲ trial) was a perspective, multi-center, randomized controlled trial. Between December 2013 and August 2014, 2 348 patients who underwent PCI from 46 centers were enrolled. SYNTAX score was calculated from all patients. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on SYNTAX score: lower risk group (SYNTAX score≤22, 1 777 patients), intermediate risk group (SYNTAX score 23-32, 412 patients), and higher risk group (SYNTAX score≥33, 159 patients)...
April 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743904/intima-media-thickness-and-ankle-brachial-index-are-correlated-with-the-extent-of-coronary-artery-disease-measured-by-the-syntax-score
#14
Krzysztof L Bryniarski, Tomasz Tokarek, Tomasz Bryk, Joanna Rutka, Iwona Gawlik, Anna Żabówka, Grzegorz Dębski, Beata Bobrowska, Krzysztof Żmudka, Artur Dziewierz, Zbigniew Siudak, Dariusz Dudek
Introduction: The extent of peripheral artery disease (PAD) measured by the ankle-brachial index (ABI) and intima-media thickness (IMT) is correlated with the complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in stable angina patients. However, data regarding patients with acute coronary syndromes are still lacking. Aim: To compare coronary complexity measured by the SYNTAX score in patients with and without PAD presenting with myocardial infarction (MI). Material and methods: Both ABI and IMT were measured in 101 consecutive patients who underwent primary diagnostic due to MI...
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743903/novel-predictors-of-outcome-after-coronary-angioplasty-with-rotational-atherectomy-not-only-low-ejection-fraction-and-clinical-parameters-matter
#15
Piotr Kübler, Wojciech Zimoch, Michał Kosowski, Brunon Tomasiewicz, Oscar Rakotoarison, Artur Telichowski, Krzysztof Reczuch
Introduction: Most established risk factors after rotational atherectomy (RA) of heavily fibro-calcified lesions are associated with patients' general risk and clinical related factors and are not specific for either coronary and culprit lesion anatomy or the RA procedure. Aim: To assess novel predictors of poor outcome after percutaneous coronary intervention using RA in an all-comers population. Material and methods: A total of 207 consecutive patients after RA were included in a single-center observational study...
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739237/inflammatory-biomarkers-for-predicting-high-syntax-and-syntax-ii-scores
#16
Cengiz Sabanoglu, Mehmet Kadri Akboga, Sercan Okutucu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731726/overcoming-the-subject-object-dichotomy-in-urban-modeling-axial-maps-as-geometric-representations-of-affordances-in-the-built-environment
#17
Lars Marcus
The world is witnessing unprecedented urbanization, bringing extreme challenges to contemporary practices in urban planning and design. This calls for improved urban models that can generate new knowledge and enhance practical skill. Importantly, any urban model embodies a conception of the relation between humans and the physical environment. In urban modeling this is typically conceived of as a relation between human subjects and an environmental object, thereby reproducing a humans-environment dichotomy...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726456/achieving-interoperability-between-arden-syntax-based-clinical-decision-support-and-openehr-based-data-systems
#18
Martin Spineth, Andrea Rappelsberger, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig
BACKGROUND: Arden Syntax is an international standard for medical knowledge representation and processing. The openEHR Foundation publishes specifications for the creation of electronic health records based on interoperable data models. OBJECTIVES: To perform a feasibility study showing how Arden Syntax medical logic modules (MLMs) can access openEHR data. METHODS: Medexter's ArdenSuite was applied as an implementation of an Arden-Syntax-based clinical decision support framework, and Marand's EhrScape as an implementation of an openEHR system, for the purpose of data exchange...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726414/separating-business-logic-from-medical-knowledge-in-digital-clinical-workflows-using-business-process-model-and-notation-and-arden-syntax
#19
Jeroen S de Bruin, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig, Harald Leitich, Andrea Rappelsberger
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based clinical guidelines have a major positive effect on the physician's decision-making process. Computer-executable clinical guidelines allow for automated guideline marshalling during a clinical diagnostic process, thus improving the decision-making process. OBJECTIVES: Implementation of a digital clinical guideline for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B as a computerized workflow, thereby separating business logic from medical knowledge and decision-making...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723217/fitting-item-response-unfolding-models-to-likert-scale-data-using-mirt-in-r
#20
Chen-Wei Liu, R Philip Chalmers
While a large family of unfolding models for Likert-scale response data have been developed for decades, very few applications of these models have been witnessed in practice. There may be several reasons why these have not appeared more widely in published research, however one obvious limitation appears to be the absence of suitable software for model estimation. In this article, the authors demonstrate how the mirt package can be adopted to estimate parameters from various unidimensional and multidimensional unfolding models...
2018: PloS One
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