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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549469/are-children-participating-in-a-quasi-experimental-education-outside-the-classroom-intervention-more-physically-active
#1
Mikkel Bo Schneller, Scott Duncan, Jasper Schipperijn, Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Education outside the classroom (EOtC) is a curriculum-based approach to teaching that has shown positive associations with children's physical activity and academic learning in small-scale case studies. The purpose of this large-scale quasi-experimental study was to determine if children who participate regularly in EOtC spend more time being physically active than children who do not. METHODS: In the 2014/2015 study TEACHOUT, classes were recruited in pairs such that each EOtC class had a non-EOtC comparison class at the same school and grade level...
May 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547345/where-are-adults-active-an-examination-of-physical-activity-locations-using-gps-in-five-us-cities
#2
Katelyn M Holliday, Annie Green Howard, Michael Emch, Daniel A Rodríguez, Wayne D Rosamond, Kelly R Evenson
Increasing physical activity (PA) at the population level requires appropriately targeting intervention development. Identifying the locations in which participants with various sociodemographic, body weight, and geographic characteristics tend to engage in varying intensities of PA as well as locations these populations underutilize for PA may facilitate this process. A visual location-coding protocol was developed and implemented in Google Fusion Tables and Maps using data from participants (N = 223, age 18-85) in five states...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545418/maternal-child-co-participation-in-physical-activity-related-behaviours-prevalence-and-cross-sectional-associations-with-mothers-and-children-s-objectively-assessed-physical-activity-levels
#3
Jill A Hnatiuk, Ellen DeDecker, Kylie D Hesketh, Greet Cardon
BACKGROUND: Co-participation in physical activity may be a useful strategy for increasing physical activity in mothers and their young children, yet little empirical evidence exists on this topic for young families. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of mother-child co-participation in physical activity and examine the association between co-participatory behaviours and objectively-assessed physical activity in young children and their mothers. METHODS: One-hundred twenty-three 4-6 year-old children and their mothers were recruited from preschools in Belgium between November 2010 and January 2011...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544991/associations-of-neighborhood-social-environment-attributes-and-physical-activity-among-9-11-year-old-children-from-12-countries
#4
Samaah M Sullivan, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T Katzmarzyk
We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9-11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers...
May 22, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544795/joint-association-of-birth-weight-and-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-with-obesity-in-children-ages-9-11-years-from-12-countries
#5
Yijuan Qiao, Tao Zhang, Hongyan Liu, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, William D Johnson, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, José A R Maia, Victor Matsudo, Timothy Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Gang Hu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the joint association of birth weight and physical activity/sedentary time with childhood obesity in 12 countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 5,088 children aged 9 to 11 years was conducted. Birth weight was recalled by parents or guardians. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior were objectively measured using accelerometry. RESULTS: The association of birth weight with the odds of obesity, central obesity, and high body fat was significant among children with either low MVPA or high sedentary time but not among children with either high MVPA or low sedentary time...
June 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541087/childhood-cognitive-ability-and-physical-activity-in-young-adulthood
#6
Satu M Kumpulainen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Minna K Salonen, Sture Andersson, Aulikki Lano, Dieter Wolke, Eero Kajantie, Johan G Eriksson, Katri Raikkonen
OBJECTIVE: Childhood cognitive ability is associated with lifestyle in adulthood, including self-reported physical activity (PA). We examined whether childhood cognitive ability is associated with objectively measured PA and sedentary time (ST) in young adulthood. METHOD: Participants of the Arvo Ylppö Longitudinal Study (n = 500) underwent tests of general reasoning, visuomotor integration, verbal competence, and language comprehension at the age of 56 months yielding a general intelligence factor score; at the age of 25 years they wore omnidirectional accelerometers for 9 days (range = 4-10 days) measuring overall daily PA (counts per minute, cpm), ST, and light and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) (minutes), and completed a questionnaire on occupational, commuting, leisure-time conditioning and nonconditioning PA...
June 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538260/longitudinal-physical-activity-body-composition-and-physical-fitness-in-preschoolers
#7
Marja H Leppänen, Pontus Henriksson, Christine Delisle Nyström, Hanna Henriksson, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Jonatan R Ruiz, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Marie Löf
PURPOSE: To investigate longitudinal associations of objectively-measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with body composition and physical fitness at a 12-month follow-up in healthy Swedish 4-year-old children. METHODS: The data from the population-based MINISTOP trial were collected between 2014-2016, and this study included the 138 children who were in the control group. PA and SB were assessed using the wrist-worn ActiGraph (wGT3x-BT) accelerometer during seven 24-hour periods, and subsequently, defined as SB, light-intensity PA (LPA), moderate-intensity PA (MPA), vigorous-intensity PA (VPA), and moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA)...
May 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538259/cardiometabolic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-patterns-in-us-youth
#8
Gabrielle P Jenkins, Kelly R Evenson, Amy H Herring, Derek Hales, June Stevens
INTRODUCTION: Daily or weekly averages of physical activity and sedentary behavior could mask patterns of behavior throughout the week that independently impact cardiovascular health. We examined associations between day-to-day physical activity and sedentary behavior latent classes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in US youth. METHODS: Data were from 3,984 youth ages 6-17y from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2003-2006) and from previously published accelerometry latent classes characterizing average counts/minute and percent of wear time in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior...
May 20, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538108/moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-executive-functions-and-prefrontal-brain-oxygenation-in-children-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#9
Manuel Mücke, Christian Andrä, Markus Gerber, Uwe Pühse, Sebastian Ludyga
Despite accumulating evidence that regular exercise improves executive functioning, the underlying neurophysiological mechanisms have rarely been investigated. The present study aimed to compare cognitive performance as well as task-specific concentration changes in oxygenated haemoglobin in the prefrontal cortex between children with higher and lower moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Physical activity was measured over 7 consecutive days using actigraphy. Afterwards, participants (N = 50) completed verbal fluency tests (VFTs) and mental arithmetic (MA) for the assessment of cognitive flexibility and working memory capacity...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536697/psychosocial-and-environmental-correlates-of-sedentary-behaviors-in-spanish-children
#10
S Aznar, M T Lara, A Queralt, J Molina-Garcia
Purpose. To evaluate children's psychosocial and environmental factors associated with sedentary behavior (SB). Method. The study involved a total of 420 children (mean 9.2 years; 52.9% girls) from the community of Madrid, Spain. SB and physical activity (PA) were objectively measured using accelerometers. TV viewing and potential correlates were assessed by questionnaire. Mixed-model regression analysis, adjusted for clustering within school locations, evaluated the relation of each independent variable with SBs...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534247/associations-between-parenting-factors-motivation-and-physical-activity-in-overweight-african-american-adolescents
#11
Lauren E Huffman, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn, Russell R Pate
BACKGROUND: Positive parenting practices and environmental supports have been linked to physical activity (PA) levels in youth, yet factors associated with positive parenting styles have been understudied in African American adolescents. PURPOSE: This study expands on previous literature by examining associations between motivation, parenting factors associated with Self-Determination Theory's psychological needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) including authoritative parenting, autonomy support and emotional and tangible support, and adolescent moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and light PA (LPA)...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532489/longitudinal-relationships-between-self-concept-for-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-among-older-african-american-adults
#12
Allison M Sweeney, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity (PA) as an older adult has been associated with numerous physical and mental health benefits. The aim of this study is to directly compare how individual-level cognitive factors (self-efficacy for PA, self-determined motivation for PA, self-concept for PA) and neighborhood perceptions of the social factors (neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social life) impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) longitudinally among older African American adults...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532318/potential-moderators-of-day-to-day-variability-in-children-s-physical-activity-patterns
#13
Nicola D Ridgers, Lisa M Barnett, David R Lubans, Anna Timperio, Ester Cerin, Jo Salmon
Little is known about whether physical activity compensation occurs and, if so, what are potential moderators of such responses. This study examined whether children's physical activity, sedentary time and energy expenditure on one day was associated with these behaviours the following day, and what factors may moderate observed associations. One hundred and twenty-seven children (8-11 years) wore an ActiGraph accelerometer for eight days. Time spent in sedentary time and physical activity was obtained. Daily energy expenditure was also assessed using a SenseWear Armband (n=98)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530510/self-reported-physical-activity-and-exercise-patterns-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#14
Osarhiemen A Omwanghe, Devin S Muntz, Soyang Kwon, Simone Montgomery, Opeyemi Kemiki, Lewis L Hsu, Alexis A Thompson, Robert I Liem
PURPOSE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) significantly affects physical functioning. We examined physical activity (PA) patterns in children with SCD versus a national sample and factors associated with PA and participation in physical education and organized sports. METHOD: One hundred children with SCD completed a 58-item survey with questions from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Physical Activity Questionnaire and others on physical education and sports, disease impact, and physical functioning...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529332/adiposity-and-grip-strength-as-long-term-predictors-of-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-93-015-adults-the-uk-biobank-study
#15
Y Kim, T White, K Wijndaele, S J Sharp, N J Wareham, S Brage
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Fatness and fitness are associated with physical activity (PA) but less is known about the prospective associations of adiposity and muscle strength with PA. This study aimed to determine longitudinal associations of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and grip strength (GS) with objectively measured PA. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data are from the UK Biobank study. At baseline (2006-2010), BMI, WC and GS were objectively measured. At follow-up (2013-2015), a sub-sample of 93 015 participants (52 161 women) wore a tri-axial accelerometer on the dominant wrist for 7 days...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526366/adolescent-physical-activity-moderation-of-individual-factors-by-neighborhood-environment
#16
Heather D'Angelo, Stephanie L Fowler, Linda C Nebeling, April Y Oh
INTRODUCTION: Less than a third of U.S. adolescents meet federal physical activity (PA) guidelines. Understanding correlates of PA at multiple levels of the Social Ecological Model could improve PA interventions among youth. This study examines (1) associations between factors across the Social Ecological Model including psychosocial factors, perceived neighborhood physical and social environment characteristics, and adolescent moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and (2) whether perceived neighborhood characteristics moderate associations between psychosocial factors and MVPA...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526365/calibration-and-validation-of-the-youth-activity-profile-the-flashe-study
#17
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Youngwon Kim, Paul Hibbing, April Y Oh, Frank M Perna, Gregory J Welk
INTRODUCTION: This study describes the calibration and validity of the Youth Activity Profile (YAP) for use in the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) study. The calibrated YAP was designed to estimate minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB). METHODS: The YAP was calibrated/validated in adolescents (aged 12-17 years) using cross-sectional data from the FLASHE study. Participants wore a GT3X+ ActiGraph on the dominant wrist for 7 days and then completed the YAP...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526364/surveillance-of-youth-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-with-wrist-accelerometry
#18
Youngwon Kim, Paul Hibbing, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Laura D Ellingson, Erin Hennessy, Dana L Wolff-Hughes, Frank M Perna, Gregory J Welk
INTRODUCTION: Accurate tracking of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) is important to advance public health, but little is known about how to interpret wrist-worn accelerometer data. This study compares youth estimates of SB and moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) obtained using raw and count-based processing methods. METHODS: Data were collected between April and October 2014 for the National Cancer Institute's Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study: a cross-sectional Internet-based study of youth/family cancer prevention behaviors...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524729/preschoolers-physical-activity-participation-across-a-yearlong-mastery-motivational-climate-intervention
#19
Danielle D Wadsworth, Mary E Rudisill, Peter A Hastie, Jacqueline M Irwin, Mynor G Rodriguez-Hernandez
PURPOSE: This study sought to determine how children's participation in physical activity during a mastery-motivational climate changed during a 20-week intervention and to compare it to children's free-play activity during a typical day at their local day-care facility. METHOD: Twelve 4-year-old children participated in a mastery-motivational climate physical activity program delivered 2 days a week for 20 weeks during a period of 8 months. All children were fitted with an Actigraph GT3X triaxial accelerometer...
May 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524725/a-sport-education-fitness-season-s-impact-on-students-fitness-levels-knowledge-and-in-class-physical-activity
#20
Jeffery Kurt Ward, Peter A Hastie, Danielle D Wadsworth, Shelby Foote, Sheri J Brock, Nikki Hollett
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which a sport education season of fitness could provide students with recommended levels of in-class moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) while also increasing students' fitness knowledge and fitness achievement. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-six 5th-grade students (76 boys, 90 girls) participated in a 20-lesson season called "CrossFit Challenge" during a 4-week period. The Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run, push-ups, and curl-ups tests of the FITNESSGRAM® were used to assess fitness at pretest and posttest, while fitness knowledge was assessed through a validated, grade-appropriate test of health-related fitness knowledge (HRF)...
May 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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