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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786949/the-qsofa-score-a-simple-and-accurate-predictor-of-outcomes-in-patients-with-glyphosate-herbicide-poisoning
#1
Yongsoo Cho, Byeongjo Chun, Jeongmi Moon
This study aimed to investigate whether the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score at emergency department (ED) presentation can help improve the risk assessment of glyphosate-surfactant herbicide (GlySH) poisoning complications. A total of 150 patients presenting with acute glyphosate herbicide ingestion were enrolled in this retrospective observational study. The qSOFA scores at presentation, ΔqSOFA (calculated by subtracting the worst qSOFA score from 1 hr after admission from the qSOFA score at presentation), baseline characteristics, clinical courses and outcomes were collected and analysed...
May 22, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786945/a-comparative-study-of-dietary-habits-and-nutritional-intakes-among-korean-adults-according-to-current-depression-status
#2
Yuri Seo, Youjin Je
INTRODUCTION: Data regarding the association between depression and dietary factors in Korean adults are limited. We hypothesized that Korean men and women with depression would have poorer nutritional intakes and different dietary habits than those without depression. METHODS: This study was based on data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted during 2012 to 2014. Overall, 10 591 subjects (4308 men, 6529 women) aged 19 to 64 years were selected and categorized according to current depression status...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786856/characterization-of-pectins-extracted-from-different-varieties-of-pink-red-and-white-grapefruits-citrus-paradisi-macf-by-thermal-treatment-and-thermosonication
#3
Enzo L La Cava, Esteban Gerbino, Sonia C Sgroppo, Andrea Gómez-Zavaglia
The physical and chemical properties of pectin extracts obtained from different white and pink/red varieties of grapefruit [Citrus paradisi (Macf.)], using both conventional heating (CHE) and thermosonication (TS), were investigated. The content of galacturonic acid (GalA), degree of esterification (%DM), color and antioxidant capacity were analyzed. Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) associated with multivariate analysis enabled a structural comparison among the pectin extracts, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) completed a full landscape of the investigated extracts...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786773/survival-analysis-according-to-period-and-analysis-of-the-factors-influencing-changes-in-survival-in-patients-with-recurrent-breast-cancer-a-large-scale-single-center-study
#4
Sae Byul Lee, Guiyun Sohn, Jisun Kim, Il Yong Chung, Jong Won Lee, Hee Jeong Kim, Beom Seok Ko, Byung Ho Son, Sei-Hyun Ahn
BACKGROUND: We performed this study to analyze changing survival patterns regarding recurrent breast cancer in Korea during the last 16 years (1993-2008). We also sought to determine factors possibly influencing outcomes and changes over time in the duration of survival after recurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 9671 patients with breast cancer treated between January 1993 and December 2008, comparing the periods 1993-2002 and 2003-2008.We retrospectively reviewed the collected database including the age at diagnosis, clinical manifestations, pathology report, surgical methods, types of adjuvant treatment modalities, type of recurrence, and follow-up period...
May 21, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786768/risk-prediction-score-for-hiv-infection-development-and-internal-validation-with-cross-sectional-data-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#5
Lu Yin, Yuejuan Zhao, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Liang Song, Xiangjun Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Zheya Sun, Yunan Xu, Li Zhang, Yifei Hu, Chun Hao, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund, Han-Zhu Qian
Receptive anal intercourse, multiple partners, condomless sex, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and drug/alcohol addiction are familiar factors that correlate with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). To improve estimation to HIV acquisition, we created a composite score using questions from routine survey of 3588 MSM in Beijing, China. The HIV prevalence was 13.4%. A risk scoring tool using penalized maximum likelihood multivariable logistic regression modeling was developed, deploying backward step-down variable selection to obtain a reduced-form model...
May 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786691/prognosis-and-nomogram-for-predicting-postoperative-survival-of-duodenal-adenocarcinoma-a-retrospective-study-in-china-and-the-seer-database
#6
Sujing Jiang, Rongjie Zhao, Yiran Li, Xufeng Han, Zhen Liu, Weiting Ge, Ying Dong, Weidong Han
As primary duodenal adenocarcinoma is rare, the prognostic factors of this disease remain insufficiently explored, especially in China. We identified postoperative duodenal adenocarcinoma patients at a Chinese double-center (from 2006 to 2016) or who were registered with the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (from 2004 to 2014). Clinicopathological features and significant prognostic factors for cancer-specific survival (CSS) were reviewed and analyzed by using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786662/study-on-the-discrimination-between-citri-reticulatae-pericarpium-varieties-based-on-hs-spme-gc-ms-combined-with-multivariate-statistical-analyses
#7
Yuying Zheng, Xuan Zeng, Wei Peng, Zhong Wu, Weiwei Su
Citri reticulatae pericarpium (CRP), the dried pericarps of Citrus reticulata Blanco and its cultivars, has been widely used in drugs and foods in China for centuries. In this study, an accurate and feasible analytical method based on HS-SPME-GC-MS coupled with multivariate statistical analyses was developed to comprehensively compare volatile compounds of pericarps derived from Citrus reticulata "Chachi" ("Guangchenpi" in Chinese, GCP) and other cultivars of Citrus reticulata Blanco ("Chenpi" in Chinese, CP)...
May 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786526/application-of-multiple-behaviour-change-models-to-identify-determinants-of-farmers-biosecurity-attitudes-and-behaviours
#8
I F Richens, J Houdmont, W Wapenaar, O Shortall, J Kaler, H O'Connor, M L Brennan
It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786487/diffusion-weighted-mri-is-superior-to-pet-ct-in-predicting-survival-of-patients-undergoing-90-y-radioembolization-of-hepatic-metastases
#9
Alexandra Barabasch, Alexander Heinzel, Philipp Bruners, Nils A Kraemer, Christiane K Kuhl
Purpose To determine the relationship between diffusion-weighted (DW) liver MR images obtained 4-6 weeks after lobar yttrium 90 (90 Y) treatment and overall survival in comparison with PET/CT or established oncologic factors known to affect survival. Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this prospective intraindividual comparative study in 36 consecutive patients (25 women) with liver-dominant metastases (20 colorectal, 14 breast, two other) (mean age, 60 years ± 10 [standard deviation]) who underwent fluorine 18 (18 F) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT and DW MRI before and 4-6 weeks after 90 Y radioembolization...
May 21, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786406/mitroflow-lxa-structural-deterioration-following-aortic-valve-replacement-a-single-centre-experience
#10
Kostantinos Zannis, Konstantinos Diplaris, Jean-Luc Monin, Nizar Khelil, Mathieu Debauchez, Patrice Dervanian, Emmanuel Lansac, Daniel Czirom, Milena Noghin, Leila Mankoubi, Nicolas Amabile
BACKGROUND: Concerns have been previously raised regarding the potential early degenera- tion of the Mitroflow (Sorin, Italy) bioprostheses. We aimed to evaluate our clinical experience with the Mitroflow LXA prosthesis for aortic valve replacement. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed data from 227 consecutive patients (133 males, mean age 73.9± 9.2 y ) implanted with the Mitroflow LXA between February 2007 and October 2011. Follow up data were obtained by contacting the referring cardiologists...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786153/vasa-previa-screening-strategies-a-decision-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#11
R G Sinkey, A O Odibo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to perform a decision and cost-effectiveness analysis comparing four screening strategies for the antenatal diagnosis of vasa previa among singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A decision-analytic model was constructed comparing vasa previa screening strategies. Published probabilities and costs were applied to four transvaginal screening scenarios which occurred at the time of mid-trimester ultrasound: no screening, ultrasound-indicated screening, screening pregnancies conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), and universal screening...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786131/ca19-9-on-postoperative-surveillance-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma-predicting-recurrence-and-changing-prognosis-over-time
#12
Caroline J Rieser, Mazen Zenati, Ahmad Hamad, Amr I Al Abbas, Nathan Bahary, Amer H Zureikat, Herbert J Zeh, Melissa E Hogg
BACKGROUND: Serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) correlates with response to therapy and overall survival (OS) for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This study aimed to define the chronologic relationship between CA19-9 elevation and radiographic recurrence to develop a model that can predict the risk of recurrence (RFS) and prognosis during interval surveillance for patients with resected PDAC. METHODS: A retrospective review examined patients undergoing surgery for pancreatic adenocarcinoma from January 2010 to May 2016...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786129/surgeon-variability-and-factors-predicting-for-reoperation-following-breast-conserving-surgery
#13
Monica G Valero, Melissa Anne Mallory, Katya Losk, Mustafa Tukenmez, Jaeho Hwang, Kristen Camuso, Craig Bunnell, Tari King, Mehra Golshan
BACKGROUND: Reoperation after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is common and has been partially associated with the lack of consensus on margin definition. We sought to investigate factors associated with reoperations and variation in reoperation rates across breast surgeons at our cancer center. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of patients with clinical stage I-II breast cancer who underwent BCS between January and December 2014 were conducted prior to the recommendation of 'no ink on tumor' margin...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786044/prognostic-value-of-model-for-end-stage-liver-disease-incorporating-with-serum-sodium-score-for-development-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-liver-transplantation
#14
Yuan Cheng, Guo-Qing Wei, Qiu-Cheng Cai, Yi Jiang, Ai-Ping Wu
Background: Contribution of model for end-stage liver disease incorporating with serum sodium (MELD-Na) score in predicting acute kidney injury (AKI) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is yet to be identified. This study assessed the prognostic value of MELD-Na score for the development of AKI following OLT. Methods: Preoperative and surgery-related variables of 321 adult end-stage liver disease patients who underwent OLT in Fuzhou General Hospital were collected...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786043/risk-factors-for-recurrence-of-ovarian-endometriosis-in-chinese-patients-aged-45-and-over
#15
Zheng-Xing He, Ting-Ting Sun, Shu Wang, Hong-Hui Shi, Qing-Bo Fan, Lan Zhu, Jin-Hua Leng, Da-Wei Sun, Jian Sun, Jing-He Lang
Background: When considering the issue of recurrence, perimenopausal women may have more dilemma during management comparing with young women, for example, whether to retain the uterus and ovary during surgery, whether it is necessary to add adjuvant medicine treatment after operation, and there is no evidence for reference about using of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. This study aimed to study the risk factors for the recurrence of ovarian endometriosis (EM) in patients aged 45 and over...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786042/early-immunosuppressive-exposure-of-enteric-coated-mycophenolate-sodium-plus-tacrolimus-associated-with-acute-rejection-in-expanded-criteria-donor-kidney-transplantation
#16
Chen-Guang Ding, Li-Zi Jiao, Feng Han, He-Li Xiang, Pu-Xun Tian, Xiao-Ming Ding, Xiao-Ming Pan, Xiao-Hui Tian, Yang Li, Jin Zheng, Wu-Jun Xue
Background: Immunosuppressive agents are still inefficient in preventing biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR) after expanded criteria donor (ECD) kidney transplantation. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between early immunosuppressive exposure and the development of BPAR. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 58 recipients of ECD kidney transplantation treated with enteric-coated-mycophenolate sodium, tacrolimus (Tac), and prednisone...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785993/factors-predicting-response-of-pseudophakic-cystoid-macular-edema-to-topical-steroids-and-nepafenac
#17
Sabyasachi Sengupta, Dhaivat Vasavada, Utsab Pan, Manavi Sindal
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine factors predicting resolution of acute pseudophakic cystoid macular edema (PCME) after 6 weeks of topical prednisolone and nepafenac application. Methods: Case records of patients with a clinical and optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based diagnosis of acute PCME were retrospectively reviewed for best-corrected visual acuity and OCT-based parameters at the time of presentation with PCME. In addition, demographic variables, intraoperative and early postoperative factors, and type of treatment prescribed (tapering vs...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785987/variant-myopia-a-new-presentation
#18
Jameel Rizwana Hussaindeen, Mithra Anand, Viswanathan Sivaraman, Krishna Kumar Ramani, Peter M Allen
Purpose: Variant myopia (VM) presents as a discrepancy of >1 diopter (D) between subjective and objective refraction, without the presence of any accommodative dysfunction. The purpose of this study is to create a clinical profile of VM. Methods: Fourteen eyes of 12 VM patients who had a discrepancy of >1D between retinoscopy and subjective acceptance under both cycloplegic and noncycloplegic conditions were included in the study. Fourteen eyes of 14 age- and refractive error-matched participants served as controls...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785957/associations-of-egg-consumption-with-cardiovascular-disease-in-a-cohort-study-of-0-5-million-chinese-adults
#19
Chenxi Qin, Jun Lv, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Jiahui Si, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Yonglin Zhou, Hao Zhang, Jianjun Liu, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Canqing Yu, Liming Li
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between egg consumption and cardiovascular disease (CVD), ischaemic heart disease (IHD), major coronary events (MCE), haemorrhagic stroke as well as ischaemic stroke. METHODS: During 2004-2008, over 0.5 million adults aged 30-79 years were recruited from 10 diverse survey sites in China. Participants were asked about the frequency of egg consumption and were followed up via linkages to multiple registries and active investigation...
May 21, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785938/decision-making-in-end-of-life-care-are-we-really-playing-together-in-the-same-team
#20
M M Lomero-Martínez, M F Jiménez-Herrera, M A Bodí-Saera, M Llauradó-Serra, N Masnou-Burrallo, E Oliver-Juan, A Sandiumenge-Camps
BACKGROUND: Limitation of life-sustaining treatment is increasingly common in critical care units, and controlled donation after circulatory death is starting to be included as an option within patient care plans. Lack of knowledge and misunderstandings can place a barrier between healthcare professionals. OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions, knowledge and attitudes of physicians and nurses working in intensive care units regarding Limitation of life-sustaining treatment and controlled donation after circulatory death...
May 18, 2018: Enfermería Intensiva
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