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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330336/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-and-associated-factors-in-northern-ethiopia
#1
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum period is a critical period to address high unmet needs of family planning and to reduce the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, contraception during extended postpartum period has given less emphasis concerning contraceptive practice in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess postpartum modern contraceptive use and associated factors among postpartum women in Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was done from March to April, 2015...
March 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330205/dna-record-of-some-traditional-small-millet-landraces-in-india-and-nepal
#2
Subramanyam Ragupathy, Shanmughanandhan Dhivya, Kirit Patel, Abiran Sritharan, Kathirvelu Sambandan, Hom Gartaula, Ramalingam Sathishkumar, Kamal Khadka, Balasubramanian C Nirmala, A Nirmala Kumari, Steven G Newmaster
Despite the extensive use of small millet landraces as an important source of nutrition for people living in semi-arid regions, they are presently marginalized and their diversity and distribution are threatened at a global scale. Local farmers have developed ancient breeding programs entrenched in traditional knowledge (TK) that has sustained rural cultures for thousands of years. The convention on biological diversity seeks fair and equitable sharing of genetic resources arising from local knowledge and requires signatory nations to provide appropriate policy and legal framework to farmers' rights over plant genetic resources and associated TK...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329942/-analysis-of-survival-and-influencing-factors-of-hiv-aids-patients-in-tianjin-2004-2014
#3
Z Q Liu, N Zhou, J Y Bai, Y Guo, M H Yu
Objective: To understand the survival and influencing factors of HIV/AIDS patients in Tianjin. Methods: The data of HIV/AIDS cases reported in Tianjin during 2004-2014, which were collected from National AIDS Prevention and Control Information System, were analyzed by using life table and Kaplan Meier method to calculate survival time and the survival rate, and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis was conducted to identify the influencing factors for survival time. Results: For the 2 775 HIV/AIDS patients, 1 year, 3 years, 5 years, 10 years and 11 years cumulative survival rates were 91%, 88%, 86%, 79% and 79% respectively...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329941/-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-and-associated-risk-factors-in-male-clients-attending-sexually-transmitted-disease-clinics-in-9-cities-in-guangdong-province
#4
H C Shen, S J Huang, X L Qin, P Z Zhao, Y Y Lan, H C Zou, J L Ou, L Chen, X M Luo, H P Zheng, Y Li, B Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of genital Chlamydia trachomatis (GCT) infection and associated risk factors in male clients attending sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Guangdong and provide integrated intervention strategy for this group. Methods: Convenient sampling was used to recruit participants from April to June in 2015 in Guangdong province. The information about their socio-demographic characteristics and sexual behaviors were collected by using a questionnaire, and blood samples were taken from them to test the antibodies against HIV, syphilis and HCV...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329940/-effectiveness-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-henan-province-2002-2013
#5
Q Wang, D Y Sun, P Y Fan, Y M Ma, N Ma, H Si, N Li, Z Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on preventing mother to child transmission of HIV and identify the influencing factors. Methods: The data regarding the pregnant women and their infants were collected, including demographic characteristics, pregnancy and delivery, access to antiviral therapy, HIV infection status at age 18 months and survival of infants between 2002 and 2013 through follow-up, Multivariate logistic regression model were used to identify the influencing factors. Results: By the end of 2013, a total of 8 621 554 pregnant women received HIV test, among them 2 264 were infected with HIV...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329936/-analysis-on-prevalence-of-physical-activity-time-1-hour-and-related-factors-in-students-aged-9-22-years-in-china-2014
#6
Z H Wang, Y H Dong, Y Song, Z P Yang, J Ma
Objective: To explore the prevalence of physical activity time <1 hour and related factors in students aged 9-22 years in China. Methods: A total of 220 159 students (110 039 boys and 110 120 girls) aged 9-22 years who completed the questionnaire of physical activity and lifestyle behaviors were selected from " 2014 National Physical Fitness and Health Surveillance" for the current study. All the participants were divided into 2 groups, i.e. physical activity time <1 hour and physical activity time ≥1 hour according the suggestion of Central Government, stratified by age and gender...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329935/-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-receiving-no-methadone-maintenance-treatment-in-hiv-infected-injecting-drug-users-in-dehong-dai-and-jingpo-autonomous-prefecture-yunnan-province
#7
R H Tang, R H Ye, Y C Yang, S T Yao, J B Wang, R M Zhang, L F Luo, Z L Wu, Y C Long, M S Yin, N He, S Duan
Objective: To understand the current status of receiving no methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and influencing factors in HIV infected injecting drug users (IDUs) in Dehong Dai and Jingpo autonomous prefectures, Yunnan province. Methods: Data of survival of IDUs with AIDS in Dehong were collected from " Chinese National Comprehensive HIV/AIDS and Care Information System" in December, 2014. Results: There were 987 IDUs who should receive MMT, the majority of them were males (94.6%, 934/987), aged 35-44 years (53...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329896/characterizing-literacy-and-cognitive-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum
#8
Lynn M Yee, Leslie A Kamel, Zara Quader, Priya V Rajan, Shaneah M Taylor, Rachel O'Conor, Michael S Wolf, Melissa A Simon
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize health literacy and cognitive function in a diverse cohort of pregnant women. Methods Pregnant and postpartum women underwent in-depth assessments of health literacy/numeracy and the cognitive domains of verbal ability, working memory, long-term memory, processing speed, and inductive reasoning. Differences by demographic characteristics and gestational age were assessed using chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression. Results In this cohort of pregnant (N = 77) or postpartum (N = 24) women, 41...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329790/factors-associated-with-hospital-admission-for-older-adults-receiving-care-in-u-s-emergency-departments
#9
Alexander X Lo, Kellie L Flood, Kevin Biese, Timothy F Platts-Mills, John P Donnelly, Christopher R Carpenter
Background: Emergency departments (EDs) play a growing role in hospital admissions for older adults, yet nationally representative data on predictors of admission from the EDs are limited. Methods: We examined sociodemographic, clinical, and hospital characteristics associated with non-ICU admissions, using National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data and multivariate Poisson regression models. Results: There were an estimated 175 million ED visits by adults older than 65 years from 2001 to 2010...
October 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329782/theories-of-memory-and-aging-a-look-at-the-past-and-a-glimpse-of-the-future
#10
Denise C Park, Sara B Festini
The present article reviews theories of memory and aging over the past 50 years. Particularly notable is a progression from early single-mechanism perspectives to complex multifactorial models proposed to account for commonly observed age deficits in memory function. The seminal mechanistic theories of processing speed, limited resources, and inhibitory deficits are discussed and viewed as especially important theories for understanding age-related memory decline. Additionally, advances in multivariate techniques including structural equation modeling provided new tools that led to the development of more complex multifactorial theories than existed earlier...
June 2, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329721/how-many-embryos-should-be-transferred-a-validated-score-to-predict-ongoing-implantation-rate
#11
Nicolas Gatimel, Melissa Ladj, Carole Teston, Florence Lesourd, Carole Fajau, Clémentine Cohade, Jean Parinaud, Roger D Léandri
OBJECTIVE: To developed a prognostic score to predict ongoing implantation rate according to clinical and biological parameters and to choose the number of embryos to be transferred in patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. STUDY DESIGN: The transfer score was established using multivariate analysis of biological and clinical parameters in 3211 fresh embryo transfers in a retrospective study. Then we validated the score in 694 fresh embryo transfers in a prospective study...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329672/vitamin-d-and-skin-aging
#12
Merel A Hamer, Raymond Noordam, Luba M Pardo, Diana Van Heemst, David A Gunn, Tamar Nijsten
BackgroundThe relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D and different phenotypes of skin aging (e.g., wrinkles, pigmented spots, telangiectasia, perceived age) is unclear. We investigated the association between vitamin D levels and skin aging phenotypes in middle-aged participants from the Rotterdam Study (RS) and Leiden Longevity Study (LLS).MethodsStandardized facial photographs were taken of North-European participants from the RS (N=3,831; 58.2% female, median age 66.5) and the LLS (N=661; 50.5% female, median age 63...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329671/trends-of-skin-cancer-incidence-following-transplantation-in-the-united-states
#13
Sarah T Arron
BackgroundSkin cancer is the most common malignancy occurring after organ transplantation. Although previous research has reported an increased risk of skin cancer in solid organ transplant recipients (OTR), no study has estimated the post-transplant population-based incidence in the US. The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and evaluate the predictors of post-transplant skin cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), melanoma (MM), and Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) in a cohort of US OTR receiving a primary transplant in 2003 or 2008...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329668/stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-us-adults
#14
Derek Y Hsu
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening disorders. The incidences, mortality and cost of SJS and TEN in US adults are not well-characterized. We analyzed data from the 2009-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. SJS, SJS/TEN and TEN were identified by a validated algorithm using ICD-9- CM codes. The mean incidences of SJS, SJS/TEN and TEN were 9.3, 1.6, and 1.9 per million people per year, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329667/serious-infections-are-on-the-rise-in-us-inpatients-with-psoriasis
#15
Derek Y Hsu
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with immune dysregulation and use of systemic immunosuppressive treatments that may predispose toward serious infections. We sought to determine the rates of serious infections in hospitalized patients with psoriasis. We analyzed data from the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. Psoriasis was determined by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes. In multivariate logistic regression models adjusting for socio-demographics, psoriasis was associated with multiple serious infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (odds ratio [95% confidence intervals] 1...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329665/risk-factors-for-facial-telangiectasia
#16
Merel A Hamer, Luba M Pardo, David A Gunn, Tamar Nijsten
BackgroundTelangiectasia or red veins are one of the main features of facial skin aging. To date there are few studies investigating risk factors for telangiectasia. We investigated environmental risk factors in a population-based cohort study, using a digital continuous outcome measure.MethodsTelangiectasia were quantified digitally from standardized 3-dimensional facial photographs of 2886 North- European participants (56.8% female, median age 66.9) from the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population-based cohort study...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329664/prospective-evaluation-of-complications-in-dermatologic-surgery-associated-with-hypertension-conroy
#17
Conroy Chow, Matthew J Simpson, Niko Pascua, Harjot Maan, Jacqueline G Berlier, Siegrid Yu, Isaac Neuhaus, Roy Grekin, Sarah T Arron
BackgroundPoorly controlled hypertension is a known risk factor for surgical complications. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the incidence of complications in participants undergoing Mohsmicrographic surgery (MMS) based on preoperative blood pressure (BP) measurement and investigates the role of potential confounders in the relationship between preoperative BP and postoperative complications.MethodsThis 10-month prospective cohort study at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Dermatologic Surgery Center approached all patients undergoing MMS for participation and assessed for the diagnosis of hypertension, anti-hypertensive medication use, use of tobacco or blood thinners, immunosuppression, concomitant diabetes, or previous treatment with radiation therapy at the surgical site...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329661/predictors-of-actinic-keratosis-count-in-those-with-multiple-keratinocyte-carcinomas
#18
Julia A Siegel, Adam J Luber, Martin A Weinstock
Actinic keratoses (AKs) are frequently treated in the U.S., impacting an estimated 40 million people in 2004 and costing over $1 billion annually. AKs are a major public health concern because of their high prevalence, substantial cost, and potential for malignant transformation to keratinocyte carcinoma (KC). In this analysis, predictors of AK count were explored using pre-randomization baseline data from two large randomized trials of veterans with multiple prior KCs (n=932 and n=1131). Multivariate analyses were conducted to elucidate associations between AK count and several demographic and health related factors...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329660/predictors-of-tanning-dependence-in-white-non-hispanic-females-and-males
#19
Brenda Cartmel, Susan T Mayne, Allen E Bale, Joel Gelernter, Andrew DeWan, David J Leffell, Sherry Pagoto, Peter Spain, Leah M Ferrucci
Growing evidence suggests some individuals may exhibit dependence to ultraviolet light, a known carcinogen; however, few studies have investigated predictors of tanning dependence (TD).A sub-set of early-onset basal cell carcinoma case-control study participants completed an online survey. The modified-Cut down, Annoyed, Guilty, Eye-opener (mCAGE) and a questionnaire based on the addiction criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (mDSM-IV-TR) were used to classify participants having'Symptoms of TD' if they met criteria for TD on both questionnaires, 'Tendency for TD' if met criteria on only one questionnaire, or 'Not TD'...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329656/pediatric-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-the-us
#20
Derek Y Hsu
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening blistering disorders. Few studies have addressed SJS/TEN in children. We sought to determine risk factors, comorbidities, inpatient burden and mortality in US children with SJS, SJS-TEN and TEN. We analyzed data from the 2009-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. SJS, SJS-TEN and TEN were identified by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
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