Read by QxMD icon Read

sperm motility

Anita Kuriya, Chioma Agbo, Michael H Dahan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship of one or a combination of semen analysis parameter results on insemination outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the effect on pregnancy rates in relation to one or more abnormal semen analysis parameters based on the 2010 World Health Organization semen analysis guidelines. RESULTS: Nine hundred and eighty one couples underwent 2231 intrauterine insemination cycles at the Stanford Fertility and Reproductive Medicine Center...
March 19, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Yan-Wei Sha, Xiong Wang, Zhi-Ying Su, Chengrong Wang, Zhi-Yong Ji, Li-Bin Mei, Ling Zhang, Bing-Bing Deng, Xian-Jing Huang, Wei Yan, Jie Chen, Ping Li, Yuan-Qing Cui, Qing-Lan Qu, Chenghong Yin, Xue-Mei He
Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) is characterized as low sperm count, decreased sperm motility and structural abnormalities of the sperm head in the same patient. However, very few studies reported the genetic alterations associated with OAT. Here we report a 38-year-old patient with OAT from a consanguineous family, with 2-6 million/mL sperm density, 2.1-3.8% normal sperm morphology and immotile sperm. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) identified homozygous variant c.1259A>G:p.Y420C in the TDRD6 gene. TDRD6 is a testis-specific expressed protein that was localized to the chromatoid bodies in germ cells and played an important role in the nonsense-mediated decay pathway...
March 15, 2018: Gene
D J Miller
Millions or billions of sperm are deposited by artificial insemination or natural mating into the cow reproductive tract but only a few arrive at the site of fertilization and only one fertilizes an oocyte. The remarkable journey that successful sperm take to reach an oocyte is long and tortuous, and includes movement through viscous fluid, avoiding dead ends and hostile immune cells. The privileged collection of sperm that complete this journey must pass selection steps in the vagina, cervix, uterus, utero-tubal junction and oviduct...
March 19, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
Edel M Murphy, Ciara O' Meara, Bernard Eivers, Patrick Lonergan, Sean Fair
Temperature regulation of liquid bovine semen can be difficult in field situations. Two experiments were carried out to assess the effect of storage temperature on in vitro sperm characteristics and 60-d nonreturn rate (NRR) following artificial insemination (AI) of liquid bovine semen. In experiment 1, the effect of storage of liquid bovine semen in INRA96 diluent (IMV Technologies, L'Aigle, France) at 1 of 5 storage temperatures (5, 15, or 28°C, and fluctuating between 5 and 15°C or 5 and 28°C) on total and progressive motility and kinematic parameters was assessed objectively via computer-assisted sperm analyzer on d 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 after collection...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Bongkyun Park, Jeong Eun Kwon, Se Min Cho, Chang Won Kim, Da Eun Lee, Young Tae Koo, Sang Hun Lee, Hyun Myung Lee, Se Chan Kang
PURPOSE: Bisphenol A (BPA) has been regarded as a possible risk factor for reproductive health. We examined potential reproductive health benefits of Lespedeza cuneata ethanol extract (LCE). Previously, Lespedeza cuneata showed many therapeutic effects. However, the protective effect of LCE on BPA-induced testicular dysfunction and its mechanisms have not been precisely studied. METHODS: Mice were randomly divided into six groups (n = 7). Sperm counts and motility were measured by light microscope...
March 14, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ross E Anderson, Heidi A Hanson, Diana Thai, Chong Zhang, Angela P Presson, Kenneth I Aston, Douglas T Carrell, Ken R Smith, James M Hotaling
PURPOSE: To study the role of individual semen parameters on the offspring birth weight and body mass index (BMI) from a population of men evaluated in an assisted reproduction technology (ART) clinic compared to fertile controls. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study using a cohort with fertile, age-matched controls of men evaluated with semen analysis at the University of Utah Andrology Clinic from 1996 to 2011 and Intermountain Healthcare from 2002 to 2011...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
P Bóveda, M C Esteso, C Castaño, A Toledano-Díaz, A López-Sebastián, A Muñiz, P Prieto, O Mejía, R Ungerfeld, J Santiago-Moreno
This study examines the effectiveness of two methods for cryopreserving post-mortem epididymal sperm - conventional slow freezing employing a short equilibration time with glycerol, and ultra-rapid freezing - from the wild ruminant species Ovis musimon (mouflon) and Dama dama (fallow deer). A Tris-citric acid-glucose (TCG) + 12% egg yolk-based medium was used for the conventional slow freezing of the fallow deer sperm, whereas a Tes-Tris-glucose (TEST) + 6% egg yolk-based medium was used for the mouflon sperm...
March 8, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Bivas Panigrahi, Chang-Hung Lu, Neha Ghayal, Chia-Yuan Chen
The zebrafish sperm activation profoundly depends upon the homogeneous mixing of the sperm cells with its diluent in a quick succession as it alters the cell's extracellular medium and initiates their motility. Manual stirring, the traditional method for zebrafish sperm activation is tedious, time-consuming, and has a poor outcome. In this aspect, an artificial cilia embedded serpentine microfluidic is designed through which hydrodynamic factors of the microfluidic environment can be precisely regulated to harness uniform mixing, hence ensuring a superior sperm activation...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jin-Chun Lu, Jun Jing, Li Chen, Yi-Feng Ge, Rui-Xiang Feng, Yuan-Jiao Liang, Bing Yao
BACKGROUND: Many factors may lead to sperm DNA damage. However, it is little known that the correlations of sperm DNA damage with obesity-associated markers, and reproductive hormones and lipids levels in serum and seminal plasma. METHODS: In our prospective study, a total of 1 010 subfertile men, aged from 18 to 50 years old, were enrolled from August 2012 through June 2015. Their obesity-associated markers, semen parameters, sperm acrosomal enzyme activity, seminal plasma biochemical markers, and reproductive hormones and lipids levels in serum and seminal plasma were detected...
March 14, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Amir Arav, Antonella Idda, Stefano Mario Nieddu, Yehudit Natan, Sergio Ledda
BACKGROUND: Recrystallization damages occur when a frozen sample is held at high subzero temperatures and when the warming process is too slow. METHODS: In this work, ram semen diluted in two different concentrations of sugar solutions (Lyo A consisted of 0.4 M sorbitol and 0.25 M trehalose, and the second, Lyo B composed of 0.26 M sorbitol and 0.165 M trehalose) in egg yolk and Tris medium were compared after freezing 10 μL samples to: (1) - 10, - 25, and - 35 °C and thawing...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Daniele Missio, Natália Picolli Folchini, Fabio Gallas Leivas, Cecília Isabel Inês Urquiza Machado Pavin, Hirya Fernandes Pinto, Francielli Weber Santos Cibin, Daniela Dos Santos Brum
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of Percoll volume on recovery rate, sperm quality, and embryo development kinetics in in vitro production of cattle embryos. Straws of conventional and sex-sorted semen were allocated to three different volumes of Percoll: 300 μL of each Percoll gradient (90%, 60%, and 30%), Control; 100 μL of each Percoll gradient, P100; and 200 μL of each Percoll gradient, P200. Sperm quality, fertilization rate, and embryo morpho-kinetic development using time lapse cinematography up to 48 h post-insemination were evaluated...
March 4, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
A Mostek, M Slowinska, S Judycka, H Karol, A Ciereszko, M A Dietrich
During semen cryopreservation, spermatozoa are exposed to physical and chemical stressors that result in their functional and structural damage. Growing evidence suggests that most cryoinjuries result from oxidative stress accompanying sperm cryopreservation. Elevated amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during cryopreservation can react with sperm macromolecules, including proteins. The goal of this study was to investigate the oxidative modifications (measured as carbonylation level changes) of carp spermatozoa proteins triggered by the cryopreservation process...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
Marc Yeste, Sergi Bonet, Joan E Rodríguez-Gil, Maria M Rivera Del Álamo
Computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) is now routinely used in IVF clinics, animal breeding centres and research laboratories. Although CASA provides a more objective way to evaluate sperm parameters, a significant number of factors can affect these measurements. This paper classifies these factors into four categories: (1) sample and slide (e.g. preincubation time, type of specimen and type of chamber slide); (2) microscope (e.g. light source and microscope stage); (3) hardware and software, including the settings of each system; and (4) user-related factors...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
H Amor, A Zeyad, Y Alkhaled, M Laqqan, A Saad, H Ben Ali, M E Hammadeh
The aim of this study was to assess the stability of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (n-DNA and mt-DNA) of spermatozoa under freeze-thawing and to find out the correlation between them and their association with standard sperm parameters. Forty-three semen samples were collected from fertile (G.1; n = 29) and sub-fertile (G.2; n = 14). N-DNA fragmentation was determined by TUNEL assay and mt-DNA using caspase 3 staining. Each semen sample was frozen at -196°C by the programmed freezer. Freeze-thawing decrease vitality, total motility and membrane integrity from (43...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
E Mangoli, M A Khalili, A R Talebi, S Ghasemi-Esmailabad, A Hosseini
The main goal was to evaluate the correlation between sperm parameters and chromatin quality with embryo kinetics via time-lapse monitoring system (TLM). A total of 40 couples involved in the ICSI program as a result of male infertility. For assessment of sperm chromatin and DNA quality, we used aniline blue, toluidine blue, chromomycin A3, acridine orange and terminal transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate biotin end labelling assays. All mature oocytes were injected, and the generated zygotes (2PNs) were cultured in TLM...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Mohamed M Ahmed, Samir A El-Shazly, Mohamed E Alkafafy, Alaa A Mohamed, Ahmed A Mousa
This study aimed to investigate the protective potential of Royal jelly (RJ) against cadmium (Cd)-induced testicular dysfunction in rats. Thirty-five adult male Wistar rats were assigned into five groups. G I; (control) injected intraperitoneally with saline, G II injected intraperitoneally with a single dose of CdCl2 (1 mg/kg BW), G III received RJ (100 mg/kg BW/day) orally, G IV was pre-treated with RJ for 1 week then, treated with CdCl2 , and G V was co-treated with RJ and CdCl2 . After day 56, serum and tissue samples were collected and analysed...
March 12, 2018: Andrologia
Jian Zhang, Jie Su, Shuxiang Hu, Jindun Zhang, Rui Ding, Jitong Guo, Guifang Cao, Rongfeng Li, Qing-Yuan Sun, Xihe Li
Ubiquitination is an important cellular process in spermatogenesis and involves the regulation of spermatid differentiation and spermiogenesis. In the current study, the correlation between bull sperm ubiquitination and sperm defects was analyzed, and the feasibility using anti-ubiquitin specific antibody immobilized magnetic beads to remove the spermatozoa with defects was assessed. A total of nine bulls were examined, and the amount of sperm ubiquitination ranged from 55 to 151. Correspondingly, the percentage of sperm deformity ranged from 9...
February 12, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Karolina Nowicka-Bauer, Małgorzata Ozgo, Adam Lepczynski, Marzena Kamieniczna, Agnieszka Malcher, Wiesław Skrzypczak, Maciej Kurpisz
The aim of this study was to identify and analyse human sperm proteins from normozoospermic men using 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectrometry (MS). We identified 73 different sperm proteins, including two less characterized human sperm proteins, Annexin A7 (ANXA7) and c14orf105. Bioinformatic analysis of detected sperm proteins revealed new carbohydrate and lipid metabolic pathways, which supply energy to motile sperm. A comparison of our data with available mRNA microarray data from the human testis allows for validation of identified sperm proteins and aids in the recognition of their physiological pathways...
March 8, 2018: Reproductive Biology
Tímea Kollár, Eszter Kása, Árpád Ferincz, Béla Urbányi, Zsolt Csenki-Bakos, Ákos Horváth
The effect of seven heavy metals on the motility parameter of zebrafish sperm was tested in order to develop an in vitro toxicological test system as an alternative to live animal testing. In vitro test systems are currently preferred in ecotoxicology due to their practical and ethical advantages and fish sperm can be a suitable model. A number of studies had been carried out previously on this topic, but the described methods had not been standardized in numerous aspects (donor species, measured endpoint, etc...
March 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Clara Malo, Elizabeth G Crichton, Jane M Morrell, Budhan S Pukazhenthi, Anders Johannisson, Rebecca Splan, Julian A Skidmore
Colloids have been successfully used in a number of species to improve sperm populations for IVF and for cryopreservation The usefulness of Single Layer Centrifugation (SLC) for freezing dromedary camel spermatozoa in two different extenders was evaluated by examining the motility, viability, acrosome status, DNA integrity, and ability of cryopreserved sperm to penetrate oocytes in vitro in a heterologus IVF system. Two ejaculates from each of five males were divided into four aliquots: two were processed by SLC (selected) while two were centrifuged without colloid (control)...
February 12, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"