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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779239/indoor-trichoderma-strains-emitting-peptaibols-in-guttation-droplets
#1
E Castagnoli, T Marik, R Mikkola, L Kredics, M A Andersson, H Salonen, J Kurnitski
AIMS: The production of peptaibols, toxic secondary metabolites of Trichoderma, in the indoor environment is not well-documented. Here we investigated the toxicity of peptaibols in the guttation droplets and biomass of Trichoderma strains isolated from problematic buildings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seven indoor-isolated strains of T. atroviride, T. trixiae, T. paraviridescens and T. citrinoviride were cultivated on malt extract agar, gypsum boards and paperboards. Their biomass extracts and guttation droplets were highly cytotoxic in resting and motile boar sperm cell assays and in inhibition of somatic cell proliferation assays...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779063/development-of-sperm-vitrification-protocols-for-two-endangered-salmonid-species-the-adriatic-grayling-thymallus-thymallus-and-the-marble-trout-salmo-marmoratus
#2
Eszter Kása, Jelena Lujić, Zoran Marinović, Tímea Kollár, Gergely Bernáth, Zoltán Bokor, Béla Urbányi, Kinga Katalin Lefler, Dušan Jesenšek, Ákos Horváth
Vitrification was applied to the sperm of two endangered fish species of Soča River basin in Slovenia, the Adriatic grayling (Thymallus thymallus) and marble trout (Salmo marmoratus) following testing different cooling devices and vitrifying media. Sperm was collected, diluted in species-specific non-activating media containing cryoprotectants, and vitrified by plunging directly into liquid nitrogen without pre-cooling. Progressive motility, curvilinear velocity, and straightness of fresh and vitrified-warmed sperm were evaluated with computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA)...
May 19, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778923/quantitative-proteomic-profiling-indicates-the-difference-in-reproductive-efficiency-between-meishan-and-duroc-boar-spermatozoa
#3
Li Xinhong, Linqing Zhen, Jieli Fu, Lirui Wang, Qiangzhen Yang, Peifei Li, Yuhua Li
The reproductive efficiency of Meishan pigs is higher than that of Duroc pigs, but the underlying molecular mechanism for this disparity remains unclear. No systematic quantitative proteomics studies, comparing global proteins in Meishan and Duroc boar spermatozoa have been reported. Therefore, we applied iTRAQ labeling coupled with mass spectrometry, and analyzed the differences in proteins between Meishan and Duroc sperm. In the present study, a total of 1597 proteins were quantified. Of these proteins, 190 showed statistically significant fold changes between Meishan and Duroc spermatozoa...
April 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778381/dietary-patterns-are-positively-associated-with-semen-quality
#4
Michal Efrat, Anat Stein, Haim Pinkas, Ron Unger, Ruth Birk
OBJECTIVE: To study association of semen quality with a priori whole dietary pattern indexes, which reflect real-world dietary practices and the numerous combinations by which foods are consumed: Healthy Eating Index (HEI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), alternate Mediterranean Diet score (aMED), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional single-center study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center and university...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778100/associations-of-sperm-dna-fragmentation-with-lifestyle-factors-and-semen-parameters-of-saudi-men-and-its-impact-on-icsi-outcome
#5
Basmah Al Omrani, Nadia Al Eisa, Murid Javed, Maher Al Ghedan, Hamoud Al Matrafi, Hamad Al Sufyan
BACKGROUND: Male factor infertility is quite common as 30-50% of infertility cases are due to sperm defects. The high sperm DNA fragmentation is one of the causes of male factor infertility. Many factors cause sperm DNA fragmentation and could be testicular or post-testicular. The purpose of this study was to assess relationships among sperm DNA fragmentation, lifestyle factors and semen values of Saudi men and to determine impact of sperm DNA fragmentation on ICSI cycle outcome. METHODS: The duration of this study was from January 2015 to June 2016...
May 19, 2018: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777963/red-wolf-canis-rufus-sperm-quality-and-quantity-is-affected-by-semen-collection-method-extender-components-and-post-thaw-holding-temperature
#6
Ashley D Franklin, William T Waddell, Karen L Goodrowe
Cryopreserving genetic resources is becoming increasingly important for species management. In the zoo-based red wolf (Canis rufus) population, inbreeding continues to increase in the absence of new founders. Through banking sperm, we preserve genetic diversity and create the ability to decrease inbreeding accumulation in the future. The quality and quantity of banked sperm can be affected by cryopreservation media and semen collection methods. This study's objectives were to further optimize semen extender used for red wolf sperm cryopreservation, investigate effects of post-thaw holding temperature, and to determine if urethral catheterization is an effective method for semen collection in this species...
May 16, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776696/single-layer-centrifugation-improves-the-quality-of-frozen-thawed-sperm-of-giant-panda-ailuropoda-melanoleuca
#7
Z G Cai, J H An, Y L Liu, S M Yie, Y Zhang, F P Li, J S Chen, X Wang, J M Morrell, R Hou
The reproductive capacity of captive giant pandas is poor and sperm cryopreservation is necessary for the reproduction and conservation of this species. Cryopreservation, however, leads to a significant decrease in sperm quality, including sperm motility, acrosome integrity and DNA integrity. In the present study, a method was developed based on colloid single layer centrifugation that could significantly improve frozen-thawed sperm quality. Two colloids were compared for post-thaw giant panda sperm preparation; the sperm samples had greater total motility (Colloid 1: 44...
May 15, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775925/exposure-to-tris-1-3-dichloro-2-propyl-phosphate-for-two-generations-decreases-fecundity-of-zebrafish-at-environmentally-relevant-concentrations
#8
Yongkang Zhang, Meng Li, Shuying Li, Qiangwei Wang, Guonian Zhu, Guanyong Su, Robert J Letcher, Chunsheng Liu
Previous studies reported that exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of TDCIPP significantly decreased the number of cumulative eggs in zebrafish, but effects on the quantity of eggs and sperms remained unknown. Therefore, in this study, effects of TDCIPP on yolk diameter, surface morphology of eggs, sperm density and total motility were evaluated. First generation (F0) zebrafish larvae (Danio rerio) were exposed to 0, 50, 500 or 5000 ng/L tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) from 14 days post fertilization (dpf) to 120 dpf...
May 14, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774504/environmental-toxins-and-male-fertility
#9
REVIEW
Mahmoud Mima, David Greenwald, Samuel Ohlander
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Global industrialization has increased population exposure to environmental toxins. A global decline in sperm quality over the last few decades raises questions about the adverse impact of environmental toxins on male reproductive health. RECENT FINDINGS: Multiple animal- and human-based studies on exposure to environmental toxins suggest a negative impact on semen quality, in terms of sperm concentration, motility, and/or morphology. These toxins may exert estrogenic and/or anti-androgenic effects, which in turn alter the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPGA), induce sperm DNA damage, or cause sperm epigenetic changes...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774482/the-effect-of-subclinical-varicocele-on-pregnancy-rates-and-semen-parameters-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Taylor P Kohn, Samuel J Ohlander, Jake S Jacob, Tina M Griffin, Larry I Lipshultz, Alexander W Pastuszak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current guidelines recommend against surgical repair of subclinical varicoceles (SCVs) for infertility; several studies demonstrate mixed fertility results after SCV correction. To determine whether surgical correction of SCV improves semen parameters and/or reproductive outcomes, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis. Seven biomedical literature databases were searched through January 2018 for studies that assessed reproductive outcomes and/or change in semen parameters in men with corrected SCV compared to either (1) uncorrected SCV or (2) corrected clinical varicocele...
May 17, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774143/expression-of-trpc5-is-decreased-in-the-sperm-of-patients-with-varicocele-associated-asthenozoospermia
#11
Guangbin Zhu, Changying Xie, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Dong Chen, Xinghuan Wang
The present study aimed to determine whether the expression of transient receptor potential channel 5 (TRPC5) protein is altered in spermatozoa of patients with varicocele-associated asthenozoospermia. TRPC5 expression in spermatozoa was determined by polymerase chain reaction and western blotting analyses, and indirect immunofluorescence was used for identification and immunolocalization of the TRPC5 channel in human sperm. Sperm motility and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were also determined with a computer-assisted semen analysis system and assay kit, respectively...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774101/qilin-pills-alleviate-oligoasthenospermia-by-inhibiting-bax-caspase-9-apoptosis-pathway-in-the-testes-of-model-rats
#12
Kaishu Zhang, Zhengyan Ge, Longlong Fu, Qi An, Fang Zhou, Ying Guo, Xiaowei Wang, Wenhong Lu, Xiaowei Liang, Shusong Wang, Xuejun Shang, Yiqun Gu
At present, the treatment of oligoasthenospermia with western medicine is ineffective. Qilin pill (QLP) is a Chinese traditional medicine for treating male infertility. Recent multicenter clinical studies in China reported that QLPs markedly improved sperm quality. However, the mechanism of action of QLPs on oligoasthenospermia remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the mechanistic basis for improvement of semen parameters and reversal of testis damage by QLPs in a rat model of oligoasthenospermia induced by treatment with tripterygium glycosides (TGs) (40 mg/kg) once daily for 4 weeks...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773470/is-boar-sperm-freezability-more-intrinsically-linked-to-spermatozoa-than-to-the-surrounding-seminal-plasma
#13
Junwei Li, Jordi Roca, Cristina Pérez-Patiño, Isabel Barranco, Emilio A Martinez, Heriberto Rodriguez-Martinez, Inmaculada Parrilla
This study aimed to elucidate the effect of seminal plasma (SP) from post-SRF on boar sperm freezability and, in addition, to determine the relevance of sperm itself to sustain cryopreservation, regardless of the SP surrounding them. Twelve ejaculates from three boars were manually collected in fractions/portions, P1: the first 10 mL of the SRF, P2: the rest of the SRF and the post-SRF. Immediately, samples were centrifuged to separate spermatozoa from the surrounding SP. Spermatozoa from P1 and P2 were then incubated with its own SP or that from post-SRF, diluted in BTS (1:1, v/v) at 17 °C overnight before being frozen in 0...
May 14, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770466/comparative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-withania-somnifera-with-pentoxifylline-on-the-sperm-parameters-in-idiopathic-male-infertility-a-triple-blind-randomised-clinical-trial
#14
R Nasimi Doost Azgomi, H Nazemiyeh, H Sadeghi Bazargani, S M B Fazljou, F Nejatbakhsh, A Moini Jazani, Y Ahmadi AsrBadr, A Zomorrodi
In this triple-blind randomised clinical trial, we compared the effects of Withania somnifera and pentoxifylline on the sperm parameters in idiopathic male infertility. One hundred infertile male patients were randomly allocated into either W. somnifera or pentoxifylline groups. Patients in the herbal group received six capsules containing 5 g/daily of W. somnifera root, and subjects in the pentoxifylline group received six capsules containing 800 mg/daily of pentoxifylline and placebo for 90 days. Sperm parameters were analysed at the beginning and end of the study...
May 16, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770464/chemically-characterised-extract-of-saraca-asoca-improves-the-sexual-function-in-male-wistar-rats
#15
M Gill, A Rai, M Kinra, S Sumalatha, C M Rao, S P Cheruku, R Devkar, N Kumar
In this study, methanolic extract of Saraca asoca bark was evaluated for its aphrodisiac potential using male and female Wistar albino rats. Male rats were dosed daily for 54 days at a dose of 100 mg/kg p.o. Sexual activity of male rats was assessed after 14, 28, 42 and 54 days of the study. Male rats were placed in a glass chamber lit with a dim red light (10W) followed by the introduction of sexually receptive female rats in a ratio of 1:1. Improvement in sexual behaviour of male rats was characterised by an increase in both mount frequency and intromission frequency and decrease or reduction in mount latency and intromission latency compared to normal control...
May 16, 2018: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769451/effect-of-ferulic-acid-supplementation-on-the-developmental-competence-of-porcine-embryos-during-in-vitro-maturation
#16
Fuminori Tanihara, Maki Hirata, Nguyen Thi Nhien, Takayuki Hirano, Toshiki Kunihara, Takeshige Otoi
The value of laboratory and genetically-modified pigs is becoming increasingly clear; however, their in vitro development remains inefficient. Trans-ferulic acid (trans-FA) is an aromatic compound that is abundant in plant cell walls, and which exhibits antioxidant effects in vitro. Trans-FA is known to improve sperm viability and motility; however, its effects on porcine oocytes are unknown. Our aim was to investigate the effects of trans-FA supplementation during in vitro maturation on the meiotic and developmental competence of porcine oocytes...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769123/obesity-impairs-male-fertility-through-long-term-effects-on-spermatogenesis
#17
Yan-Fei Jia, Qian Feng, Zheng-Yan Ge, Ying Guo, Fang Zhou, Kai-Shu Zhang, Xiao-Wei Wang, Wen-Hong Lu, Xiao-Wei Liang, Yi-Qun Gu
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect and possible underlying mechanisms of high-fat diet-induced obesity on spermatogenesis in male rats. METHODS: A total of 45 male rats were randomly divided into control (n = 15, normal diet) and obesity groups (n = 30, high-fat diet) and were fed for 16 weeks. Body weight and organ indexes were determined after sacrifice. Indicators of reproductive function, including sperm count, sperm motility, apoptosis of spermatogenic cells, and oxidative stress levels, were measured...
May 16, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768446/inhibitory-effect-of-k-ions-and-influence-of-other-ions-and-osmolality-on-the-spermatozoa-motility-of-european-burbot-lota-lota-l
#18
Katarzyna Dziewulska, Malwina Pilarska
BACKGROUND: In fish with external fertilization, two main start-up mechanisms of the path that blocks or activates the spermatozoan motility apparatus are known. The main factor managing the path is osmolality or potassium ion. In burbot from the European and North American population, contradictory findings regarding the factors influencing the onset of spermatozoa motility were reported. The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of potassium and osmolality on the spermatozoa activation of European burbot, Lota lota (Actinopterygii, Gadiformes, Lotidae)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767722/influence-of-bull-age-ejaculate-number-and-season-of-collection-on-semen-production-and-sperm-motility-parameters-in-holstein-friesian-bulls-in-a-commercial-artificial-insemination-centre
#19
Edel M Murphy, Alan K Kelly, Ciara O'Meara, Bernard Eivers, Patrick Lonergan, Sean Fair
In the current era of genomic selection, there is an increased demand to collect semen from genomically selected sires at a young age. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of bull age, ejaculate number, and season of collection on semen production (ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, and total sperm number; TSN) and sperm motility (prefreeze and post-thaw total and gross motility) parameters in Holstein Friesian bulls in a commercial artificial insemination (AI) center. The study involved the interrogation of a large dataset collected over a 4-yr period, (n = 8,983 ejaculates; n = 176 Holstein Friesian bulls aged between 9 mo and 8 yr)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766149/alteration-in-catsper-1-and-2-genes-expression-sperm-parameters-and-testis-histology-in-varicocelized-rats
#20
Maryam Zohour Soleimani, Farideh Jalali Mashayekhi, Morteza Mousavi Hasanzade, Maryam Baazm
Background: CatSper gene, a member of cation channel sperm family, has an essential role in sperm motility and male fertility. Following varicocele, sperm parameters especially sperm movement decreases. For this reason, we hypothesized that CatSper gene expression might be reduced after varicocele induction in an animal model. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of CatSper 1 and 2 genes, sperm parameters and testis histology following varicocele induction ...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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