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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107680/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-buprenorphine-for-prisoners-findings-at-12-months-post-release
#1
Michael S Gordon, Timothy W Kinlock, Robert P Schwartz, Kevin E O'Grady, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Frank J Vocci
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether starting buprenorphine treatment prior to prison and after release from prison would be associated with better drug treatment outcomes and whether males and females responded differently to the combination of in-prison treatment and post-release service setting. METHODS: Study design was a 2 (In-Prison Treatment: Condition: Buprenorphine Treatment: vs. Counseling Only)×2 [Post-Release Service Setting Condition: Opioid Treatment: Program (OTP) vs...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104290/exploring-the-longitudinal-offending-pathways-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-preliminary-analysis-using-latent-variable-modeling
#2
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen
Very little research has been conducted to show the way in which criminal behavior unfolds over the life-course in children who have been sexually abused, and whether it differs from the 'age-crime' patterns consistently documented in the criminology literature. This study investigated the temporal pathways of criminal offending between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed cases of child sexual abuse (CSA), and considered whether abuse variables, offense variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in offending pathways among CSA survivors...
January 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103713/divorce-and-the-onset-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-swedish-population-based-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-study
#3
Kenneth S Kendler, Sara Larsson Lönn, Jessica Salvatore, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify the magnitude and nature of the relationship between divorce and risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHOD: In a population-based Swedish sample of married individuals (N=942,366), the authors examined the association between divorce or widowhood and risk for first registration for AUD. AUD was assessed using medical, criminal, and pharmacy registries. RESULTS: Divorce was strongly associated with risk for first AUD onset in both men (hazard ratio=5...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103534/examining-the-link-between-cocaine-binging-and-individual-social-and-behavioral-factors-among-street-based-cocaine-users
#4
Élise Roy, Nelson Arruda, Didier Jutras-Aswad, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Perreault, Karine Bertrand, Magali Dufour, Julie Bruneau
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of cocaine binging and examine associated factors, to characterize binge episodes and to study the relationship between cocaine binging and HIV and HCV risk behaviors among street-based cocaine users. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in Montréal, Canada. Interviewer-administered questionnaire were carried out at 3-month intervals. Cocaine binging was defined as using large quantities of cocaine, without stopping, over a limited period of time, until resources run out or until being physically incapable of consuming...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100146/examining-the-relationship-between-childhood-victimization-high-risk-behaviors-and-health-among-criminal-justice-involved-women
#5
Tanya Renn, Seana Golder, George Higgins, T K Logan, Katherine M Winham
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a conceptual model of the pathways through which childhood victimization influences adult health outcomes. Specifically, measures of high-risk behaviors, tobacco use, alcohol use, illegal substance use, and HIV risk behaviors were hypothesized to mediate the relationship between childhood victimization and adult physical health. The sample consisted of 406 women on probation and parole with a history of childhood victimization in Jefferson County, Kentucky. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationship between childhood victimization, high-risk behaviors, and physical health outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092286/childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-and-the-associations-with-risk-behavior-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood-a-systematic-review
#6
Eleanor Kennedy, Miriam Cohen, Marcus Munafò
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence that childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with risk behavior in adolescence and young adulthood. Risk behavior included one or more of the following: use of substances, including alcohol, tobacco, and illicit substances; involvement in criminal behavior; and behavioral issues with conduct. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using these terms: child, pediatric, traumatic brain injury, head injury, adolescent, psychosocial, antisocial, conduct, substance use...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081178/gender-differences-in-hiv-care-among-criminal-justice-involved-persons-baseline-data-from-the-care-corrections-study
#7
Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals recently released from incarceration have suboptimal linkage and engagement in community HIV care. We conducted a study to evaluate an information and communication technology intervention to increase linkage to community care among HIV-infected persons recently involved in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Baseline characteristics including risk behaviors and HIV care indicators are reported and stratified by gender. METHODS: We recruited HIV-infected individuals in the District of Columbia jail and persons with a recent history of incarceration through community and street outreach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076983/multidimensional-family-therapy-reduces-self-reported-criminality-among-adolescents-with-a-cannabis-use-disorder
#8
Thimo M van der Pol, Craig E Henderson, Vincent Hendriks, Michael P Schaub, Henk Rigter
Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is an established treatment program for youth displaying multiproblem behavior. We examined whether MDFT decreased criminal offending among cannabis abusing adolescents, as compared with individual psychotherapy (IP). In a Western European randomized controlled trial comparing MDFT with IP, a sample of 169 adolescents with a cannabis disorder completed self-reports on criminal offending. Half indicated they had committed one or more criminal offenses in the 90 days before the baseline assessment...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065894/socio-neuro-risk-factors-for-suicidal-behavior-in-criminal-offenders-with-psychotic-disorders
#9
Carla L Harenski, Michael Brook, David S Kosson, Juan R Bustillo, Keith A Harenski, Michael F Caldwell, Gregory J Van Rybroek, Michael Koenigs, Jean Decety, David M Thornton, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Relative to the general population, individuals with psychotic disorders have a higher risk of suicide. Suicide risk is also elevated in criminal offenders. Thus, psychotic-disordered individuals with antisocial tendencies may form an especially high-risk group. We built upon prior risk analyses by examining whether neurobehavioral correlates of social cognition were associated with suicidal behavior in criminal offenders with psychotic disorders. We assessed empathic accuracy and brain structure in four groups: (i) incarcerated offenders with psychotic disorders and past suicide attempts, (ii) incarcerated offenders with psychotic disorders and no suicide attempts, (iii) incarcerated offenders without psychotic disorders and (iv) community non-offenders without psychotic disorders...
January 8, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063338/trends-and-correlates-of-marijuana-use-among-late-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states-2002-2014
#10
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Lenise A Cummings-Vaughn, Katherine J Holzer, Erik J Nelson, Millan AbiNader, Sehun Oh
BACKGROUND: Recent trend studies suggest that marijuana use is on the rise among the general population of adults ages 18 and older in the United States. However, little is known about the trends in marijuana use and marijuana-specific risk/protective factors among American adults during the latter part of adulthood. METHOD: Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected from late middle-aged (ages 50-64) and older adults (ages 65 and older) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014...
December 14, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060202/the-relationship-between-traumatic-brain-injury-and-criminality-in-juvenile-offenders
#11
Wayne A Gordon, Lisa A Spielman, Amanda E Hahn-Ketter, Karla Therese L Sy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and criminal behavior in youth who are incarcerated or on probation in Texas. SETTING: Seven juvenile justice facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Juvenile offenders in state or county correctional facilities or on probation. DESIGN: Screening for TBI was conducted among adolescents at 7 juvenile justice centers. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were administered the Brain Injury Screening Questionnaire, and results were linked to participants' offense history and psychiatric diagnoses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#12
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044003/fear-of-crime-in-old-age-a-sample-case-of-resilience
#13
Werner Greve, Bernhard Leipold, Cathleen Kappes
OBJECTIVES: Research on fear of crime (FOC) in adulthood has often shown a positive age relation, whereas the risk of criminal victimization decreases with age. The present study distinguishes three dimensions of FOC (affective, cognitive, and behavioral component) and attempts to investigate possible explanations for differential age correlations by referring to processes of adaptation and resilience. In particular, the functionality of FOC and its impact on the individual's well-being is assumed to be influenced by the individual's capacity to accommodate to adverse circumstances...
January 2, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041751/a-comparison-of-suicidal-behavior-by-burns-five-years-before-and-five-years-after-the-2011-tunisian-revolution
#14
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Amine Zgarni, Mounir Ben Mohamed, Mohamed Allouche, Anis Benzarti, Ahmed Banasr, Moncef Hamdoun
INTRODUCTION: In Tunisia, the phenomenon of self-immolation has increased dramatically since the self-burn of Mohamed Bouazizi which occurred on 17 December 2010. The aim of our study was to compare the casualties' profile of suicide by self-immolation before and after the Tunisian Revolution over a period of 10 years (2006-2015). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review including all the cases of self-immolation suicides that occurred in Northern Tunisia five years before and five years after the January 2011 Revolution...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035647/offending-behavior-drug-use-and-mental-health-among-foreign-born-versus-u-s-born-latino-criminal-justice-clients
#15
Gladys E Ibañez, Michelle Agudo, Steve S Martin, Daniel J O'Connell, Rehab Auf, Diana M Sheehan
Little is known about the offending behavior and recidivism factors of Latinos by nativity (U.S. born, foreign-born). The present study focused on Latinos in community corrections (n = 201) in Miami, Florida, and examined differences in criminal activity, drug use, and mental health by nativity. Data were collected utilizing convenience sampling between June 2014 and December 2015. The research question was: what are the offending, drug use, and mental health histories of Latinos involved in community corrections? Participants were mostly male (n = 120; 59...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031068/what-defines-mindfulness-based-programs-the-warp-and-the-weft
#16
R S Crane, J Brewer, C Feldman, J Kabat-Zinn, S Santorelli, J M G Williams, W Kuyken
There has been an explosion of interest in mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) such as Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy. This is demonstrated in increased research, implementation of MBPs in healthcare, educational, criminal justice and workplace settings, and in mainstream interest. For the sustainable development of the field there is a need to articulate a definition of what an MBP is and what it is not. This paper provides a framework to define the essential characteristics of the family of MBPs originating from the parent program MBSR, and the processes which inform adaptations of MBPs for different populations or contexts...
December 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027663/hiv-risk-inside-u-s-prisons-a-systematic-review-of-risk-reduction-interventions-conducted-in-u-s-prisons
#17
Pamela Valera, Yvonne Chang, Zi Lian
HIV prevalence in correctional populations is approximately five times that of the general adult population. This systematic review examines the broad question of HIV prevention and interventions to reduce inmate HIV-related risk behaviors in U.S. federal and state prisons. We conducted a systematic review of multiple databases and Google Scholar to identify behavioral, biomedical, social, and policy studies related to HIV among U.S. prison populations from 1980-2014. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on HIV, prison inmates, if they were conducted outside of the U...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017908/the-child-protection-and-juvenile-justice-nexus-in-australia-a-longitudinal-examination-of-the-relationship-between-maltreatment-and-offending
#18
Catia G Malvaso, Paul H Delfabbro, Andrew Day
There is convincing evidence that many young people who are in the justice system have had contact with child protection services and that victims of childhood maltreatment are at increased risk of subsequent youth justice involvement. In Australia, however, there have been few longitudinal studies that have examined these associations and relatively less is known in this area. This study examines the overlap between the child protection and youth justice involvement in South Australia, and determines how substantiated maltreatment and variations in these experiences (e...
December 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011389/extended-release-naltrexone-for-pre-release-prisoners-a-randomized-trial-of-medical-mobile-treatment
#19
Michael S Gordon, Frank J Vocci, Terrence T Fitzgerald, Kevin E O'Grady, Charles P O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX), is an effective treatment for opioid use disorder but is rarely initiated in US prisons or with criminal justice populations. Mobile treatment for chronic diseases has been implemented in a variety of settings. Mobile treatment may provide an opportunity to expand outreach to parolees to surmount barriers to traditional clinic treatment. METHODS: Male and female prisoners (240) with pre-incarceration histories of opioid use disorder who are within one month of release from prison will be enrolled in this randomized clinical trial...
December 20, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010161/convention-versus-deviance-moral-agency-in-adolescent-gang-members-decision-making
#20
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Maria Pacella, Michelle Renee Broaddus, Katherine Quinn, Carol Galletly, Justin Rivas
BACKGROUND: Adolescent gang members are a source of concern due to their involvement in criminal activity, violence, substance use, and high-risk sexual behaviors. Adolescent gang theories hypothesize that social institutions, including the family and school, fail to meet the needs of adolescents who therefore feel less attachment to these institutions and find an unconventional institution (i.e. the gang) to meet these needs through the gang. OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we will examine the extent to which social disorganization and social control theories, in particular the rejection of conventional norms and aspirations, match adolescents' subjective reasons for their decisions and their future aspirations...
December 23, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
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