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Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Maťhová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
L Lera, H Sánchez, B Ángel, C Albala
OBJECTIVES: To validate the short-form of the MNA (MNA-SF) and the cut-off point of 31 cm for calf circumference (CC) in older people in Latin America. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5,722 community-dwelling older subjects (range: 60-102 years) in Latin America´s five main cities: Sao Paulo (Brazil), Santiago (Chile), Havana (Cuba), Mexico DF (Mexico) and Montevideo (Uruguay). All participants underwent an interview, which included anthropometric measurements, completing the MNA and obtaining socio-demographic, nutrition and health information...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Kotomi Sakai, Enri Nakayama, Haruka Tohara, Tomomi Maeda, Motonobu Sugimoto, Takahiro Takehisa, Yozo Takehisa, Koichiro Ueda
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether tongue strength observed in older adult inpatients of a rehabilitation hospital is associated with muscle function, nutritional status, and dysphagia. A total of 174 older adult inpatients aged 65 years and older in rehabilitation (64 men, 110 women; median age, 84 years; interquartile range, 80-89 years) who were suspected of having reduced tongue strength due to sarcopenia were included in this study. Isometric tongue strength was measured using a device fitted with a disposable oral balloon probe...
September 29, 2016: Dysphagia
Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and its association with frailty among men aged 80 years and older in Taiwan METHODS: Residents living in four veterans retirement communities were invited for study and 440 men aged 80 years and older weer enrolled. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed for them, including using the following measurements: Clinical Frailty Scale, Northern Health and Social Care Trust (HSC)-Continence Assessment Form, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5), Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
September 21, 2016: Rejuvenation Research
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Ramón Miralles, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus definition of malnutrition has been applied in hospitalized older diabetics and middle-aged patients, geriatric outpatients, and healthy elderly and young individuals. In a post-acute care setting, our aim was to assess malnutrition (ESPEN definition) and determine its relationship with sarcopenia in older in-patients deconditioned due to an acute process. METHODS: Eighty-eight in-patients aged ≥70 years with body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2) were included (84...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Tatsuro Inoue, Syogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroki Sakamoto, Kentaro Iwata, Yuki Chuman, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with hip fractures, and elderly patients with hip fractures lose functional independence and often fail to recover previous functional status. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-fracture nutritional status predicts functional status of patients with hip fracture at discharge from acute hospitals. METHODS: In the present multicenter prospective cohort study, pre-fracture nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Lorenzo M Donini, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Alessio Molfino, Aldo Rosano, Andrea Lenzi, Filippo Rossi Fanelli, Maurizio Muscaritoli
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition plays a major role in clinical and functional impairment in older adults. The use of validated, user-friendly and rapid screening tools for malnutrition in the elderly may improve the diagnosis and, possibly, the prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), considered as a reference tool, MNA short form (MNA-SF), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), and Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS-2002) in elderly institutionalized participants...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Omar Ortega, Laia Rofes, Alberto Martin, Viridiana Arreola, Irene López, Pere Clavé
Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a prevalent geriatric syndrome. Treatment is based on compensatory strategies to avoid complications. New treatments based on sensory stimulation to promote the recovery of the swallowing function have proved effective in acute studies but prolonged treatment needs further research. Our aim was to evaluate and compare the effect of two, longer-term sensory treatment strategies on older patients with OD. 38 older patients (≥70 years) were studied with videofluoroscopy (pre/posttreatment) and randomized into two 10-day treatment groups: Group A-transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) agonist (capsaicin 1 × 10(-5) M) and Group B-transcutaneous sensory electrical stimulation (TSES) (Intelect VitalStim, biphasic pulses, 300 μs, 80 Hz)...
October 2016: Dysphagia
E Frangos, A Trombetti, C E Graf, V Lachat, N Samaras, U M Vischer, D Zekry, R Rizzoli, F R Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Anemia and malnutrition are highly prevalent, frequently concomitant and associated with negative outcomes and mortality in the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between these two entities, and test the hypothesis that protein-energy deficit could be etiology of anemia. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Geriatric and Rehabilitation Hospital, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Christner, M Ritt, D Volkert, R Wirth, C C Sieber, K-G Gaßmann
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate a short-form (MNA-SF) version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), in which some of the items were operationalised, based on scores from tools used for a comprehensive geriatric assessment, as a method for analysing the nutritional status of hospitalised geriatric patients. We compared this MNA-SF version with the corresponding MNA long-form (MNA-LF) and Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS 2002) in terms of completion rate, prevalence and agreement regarding malnutrition and/or the risk of this...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
Ozgur Kara, Busra Canbaz, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Gunes Arik, Fatih Sumer, Gozde Sengul Aycicek, Hacer Dogan Varan, Mustafa Kemal Kilic, Rana Tuna Dogru, Esat Cınar, Mehmet Emin Kuyumcu, Yusuf Yesil, Zekeriya Ulger, Burcu Balam Yavuz, Meltem Halil, Mustafa Cankurtaran
BACKGROUND: Determining predictors of mortality among older adults might help identify high-risk patients and enable timely intervention. AIMS: The aim of the study was to identify which variables predict geriatric outpatient mortality, using routine geriatric assessment tools. METHODS: We analyzed the data of 1141 patients who were admitted to the geriatric medicine outpatient clinic between 2001 and 2004. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed by an interdisciplinary geriatric team...
May 2, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Shinta Nishioka, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Emi Nishioka, Tomomi Yoshida, Natsumi Mori, Riko Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Whether nutritional improvement correlates with functional recovery in convalescent stroke patients is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to examine the relationship between nutritional improvement and recovery of activities of daily living among malnourished elderly stroke patients in the convalescent stage. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional study design. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: One hundred seventy-eight malnourished stroke patients aged 65 years and older from convalescent rehabilitation wards in Japan between April 2012 and December 2014 were included in the analyses...
May 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Tao Jun, Zhong Yuan
Abstract. Malnutrition is one of the most prevalent problems in older people, but there is little information about the nutritional status of the older women in China. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the nutritional status and clinically correlated factors for malnutrition in older Han women in China. In total, 2,556 hospital- and community-based Han women aged 60 years or older were recruited between May 2007 and December 2014. All women completed comprehensive geriatric assessment, and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) was used to assess the nutritional status...
January 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
F S Schreiber, I Becker, P Deckert, H Elsbernd, C Isensee
OBJECTIVES: There is minimal information on malnutrition in neurologic-psychiatric patients compared to internal and trauma-surgical patients. The aim of the present study was to explore if there is a correlation of these different disease groups with the nutritional assessment and biochemical markers. DESIGN: Cross - sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was done in a department of geriatric medicine with subspecialisation in neurologic diseases and stroke unit...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Martín, E Ruiz, A Sanz, J M García, C Gómez-Candela, R Burgos, P Matía, E Ramalle-Gomera
BACKGROUND: Disease-associated malnutrition (DAM) is a health problem involving all sanitary levels, especially hospitalised elderly patients. Different MNA (Mini Nutritional Assessment)-based forms have been validated in different settings, but it remains unclear if they are appropriate to evaluate the nutritional status of geriatric hospitalised patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyse the accuracy of several MNA reduced forms to detect malnutrition in hospitalised elderly diabetic patients...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Alejandro Sanz-París, Carmen Gómez-Candela, Ángela Martín-Palmero, José M García-Almeida, Rosa Burgos-Pelaez, Pilar Matía-Martin, Jose M Arbones-Mainar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) recently provided new diagnosis criteria of malnutrition and called to confirm those criteria in specific populations. The aims of our study were 1) to determine the prevalence of malnutrition according to the new ESPEN definition in elder hospitalized diabetic patients, and 2) to evaluate whether this new diagnosis of malnutrition predicted clinical outcomes in these patients. METHODS: 1014 hospitalized diabetic patients (≥65 years) from 35 hospitals in Spain were screened for being at risk of malnutrition using the short version of the Mini Nutritional Assessment...
March 8, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
H Wakabayashi, M Matsushima
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to assess the association between neck circumference, dysphagia, and undernutrition in elderly individuals requiring long-term care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric health services facilities, acute hospitals, and the community. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly individuals ≥65 years of age with dysphagia or possible dysphagia (N=385). MEASUREMENTS: Neck circumference, the Dysphagia Severity Scale (DSS) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF)...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Yoshimura, K Uchida, S Jeong, M Yamaga
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of nutritional intervention with resistance training on skeletal muscle mass in elderly patients with disabilities in a convalescent rehabilitation setting. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ID: UMIN000006238). SETTING: A rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 39 elderly patients with decreased skeletal muscle mass in an inpatient convalescence rehabilitation unit...
February 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
N C Htun, K Ishikawa-Takata, A Kuroda, T Tanaka, T Kikutani, S P Obuchi, H Hirano, K Iijima
BACKGROUND: Early and effective screening for age-related malnutrition is an essential part of providing optimal nutritional care to older populations. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the adaptation of the original SCREEN II questionnaire (Seniors in the Community: Risk Evaluation for Eating and Nutrition, version II) for use in Japan by examining its measurement properties and ability to predict nutritional risk and sarcopenia in community-dwelling older Japanese people...
February 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Sara Tylner, Tommy Cederholm, Gerd Faxén-Irving
OBJECTIVES: Dietary intake in frail old adults is often lower than estimated needs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of an energy-dense oral supplement on nutritional status, food intake, and physical function in residents living in care residential homes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled intervention trial with a crossover design. SETTING: Five care residential homes in the southern Stockholm area. PARTICIPANTS: Older people living at care residential homes: age 65 or older, malnourished or at risk of malnutrition according to Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
March 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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