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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628459/nutritional-status-and-energy-intake-as-predictors-of-functional-status-after-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-elderly-inpatients-with-heart-failure-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Satoshi Katano, Akiyoshi Hashimoto, Katsuhiko Ohori, Ayako Watanabe, Remi Honma, Rimi Yanase, Tomoyuki Ishigo, Takefumi Fujito, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Kazufumi Tsuchihashi, Sumio Ishiai, Tetsuji Miura
BACKGROUND: Whether the short-term effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in elderly patients with heart failure (HF) is influenced by nutritional status is uncertain, so the present study investigated the effect of nutritional status on functional recovery after CR in elderly HF inpatients.Methods and Results:We enrolled 145 patients admitted for treatment of HF who were aged ≥65 years and had a low functional status defined as a Barthel index (BI) score ≤85 points at the commencement of CR...
April 7, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616708/strong-relationship-between-malnutrition-and-cognitive-frailty-in-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-studies-slas-1-and-slas-2
#2
L Chye, K Wei, M S Z Nyunt, Q Gao, S L Wee, T P Ng
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty is well known to be strongly associated with malnutrition, but the combined impact of physical frailty and cognitive impairment among non-demented older persons (cognitive frailty) on malnutrition prevalence is not well documented. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older Singaporeans aged ≥55y (n=5414) without dementia in the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS-1 and SLAS-2)...
2018: Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562879/dysphagia-risk-low-muscle-strength-and-poor-cognition-predict-malnutrition-risk-in-older-adults-athospital-admission
#3
Idah Chatindiara, Jacqueline Allen, Amy Popman, Darshan Patel, Marilize Richter, Marlena Kruger, Carol Wham
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in patients admitted to hospital may have detrimental effects on recovery and healing. Malnutrition is preceded by a state of malnutrition risk, yet malnutrition risk is often not detected during admission. The aim of the current study was to investigate the magnitude and potential predictors of malnutrition risk in older adults, at hospital admission. METHODS: A cross-sectional was study conducted in 234 older adults (age ≥ 65 or ≥ 55 for Māori or Pacific ethnicity) at admission to hospital in Auckland, New Zealand...
March 21, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558713/clinical-application-of-the-basic-definition-of-malnutrition-proposed-by-the-european-society-for-clinical-nutrition-and-metabolism-espen-comparison-with-classical-tools-in-geriatric-care
#4
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa-Rodríguez, Anna Guillén-Solà, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa, Ester Marco
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a prevalent condition related to adverse outcomes in older people. Our aim was to compare the diagnostic capacity of the malnutrition criteria of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) with other classical diagnostic tools. METHODS: Cohort study of 102 consecutive in-patients ≥70 years admitted for postacute rehabilitation. Patients were considered malnourished if their Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) score was ≤11 and serum albumin <3 mg/dL or MNA-SF ≤ 11, serum albumin <3 mg/dL, and usual clinical signs and symptoms of malnutrition...
May 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555099/prevalence-of-sarcopenia-and-its-association-with-activities-of-daily-living-among-japanese-nursing-home-residents
#5
Tomohiko Kamo, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Yuusuke Nishida
Sarcopenia is an important predictor of adverse outcomes in elderly people. Based on a common clinical experience, sarcopenia may be associated with activities of daily living (ADL). To our knowledge, no study has investigated the association between sarcopenia and ADL in nursing home residents requiring long-term care. This cross-sectional study included 250 nursing home residents. Nutritional status, physical function, ADL and cognitive function were assessed using Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
March 16, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484344/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-the-refeeding-syndrome-in-older-hospitalized-patients
#6
M Pourhassan, I Cuvelier, I Gehrke, C Marburger, M K Modreker, D Volkert, H P Willschrei, R Wirth
OBJECTIVES: The incidence of refeeding syndrome (RFS) in older patients is not well-known. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of known risk factors for RFS in older individuals during hospitalization at geriatric hospital departments. DESIGN AND SETTING: 342 consecutive older participants (222 females) who admitted at acute geriatric hospital wards were included in a cross-sectional study. We applied the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) criteria for determining patients at risk of RFS...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456030/acute-phase-nutritional-screening-tool-associated-with-functional-outcomes-of-hip-fracture-patients-a-longitudinal-study-to-compare-mna-sf-must-nrs-2002-and-gnri
#7
Tatsuro Inoue, Shogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tetsuya Kakehi, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several hip fracture patients are malnourished, but no study has attempted to determine the optimal nutritional screening tool for predicting functional outcomes. We investigated the association between each nutritional status assessed by four nutritional screening tools at admission and functional outcomes during the postoperative acute phase in hip fracture patients. METHODS: The Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), the Nutritional Risk Score 2002 (NRS-2002) and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) were assessed at admission before surgery...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402648/treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases-among-elderly-residents-of-long-term-care-facilities
#8
Anna Kańtoch, Barbara Gryglewska, Jadwiga Wójkowska-Mach, Piotr Heczko, Tomasz Grodzicki
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases among nursing home residents is high but little is known whether pharmacologic therapy recommended by actual medication guidelines is followed by facility's staff. AIM: To evaluate the adherence to actual guidelines for treatment of cardiovascular diseases among older adult residents of long-term care (LTC) facilities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study was performed from December 2009 to November 2010 among 189 elderly residents aged ≥60 years in 3 LTC facilities in Poland: 1 long-term care hospital (LTCH) and 2 nursing homes (NHs)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380846/mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-mna-sf-predicts-institutionalisation-in-an-intermediate-post-acute-care-setting
#9
K Folven, E Biringer, J F Abrahamsen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate whether nutritional status as measured by the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) predicts level of care of the discharge destination after post-acute care in a nursing home. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Post-acute intermediate care nursing home, 19-bed unit with increased multidisciplinary staff. PARTICIPANTS: Patients ≥70 years in post-acute care (N=900) following an acute admission to the hospital...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354577/effects-of-nutritional-status-on-6-month-outcome-of-hip-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#10
Ka Ying Doris Miu, Pui Shan Lam
Objective: To identify the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly hip fracture and to investigate the relationship between hip fracture patients and malnutrition on functional recovery and mortality. Methods: All hip fracture patients age >65 years admitted to a rehabilitation unit were recruited from July 2015 to June 2016. Nutritional status was assessed by Mini-Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) within 72 hours of admission. Patients were reassessed at 6 months for functional status and place of residence...
December 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340964/geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-as-a-simple-tool-for-assessment-of-malnutrition-among-geriatrics-in-northwest-of-iran-comparison-with-mini-nutritional-assessment
#11
Maryam Saghafi-Asl, Elnaz Vaghef-Mehrabany, Nahid Karamzad, Lida Daeiefarshbaf, Parinaz Kalejahi, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Older people are more likely to develop nutritional problems and timely diagnosis of malnutrition is crucial to prevent hazardous consequences following poor nutrition. AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status among non-hospitalized elderly, compared to mini nutritional assessment (MNA) among Iranian seniors. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four subjects, aged ≥ 65 years old were recruited to our cross-sectional study from various districts of Tabriz (Tabriz, Iran)...
January 16, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340260/nutritional-status-is-associated-with-the-return-home-in-a-long-term-care-health-facility
#12
Yuri Nishida, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between nutritional status and the return home of older people living in a long-term care health facility (LCHF). Methods: A nested case control study was performed in 116 people ≥65 years of age in a single LCHF. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and activities of daily living by the Functional Independence Measure (FIM). The return home, duration of rehabilitation, and the family wanting the patient to return home were obtained from clinical records...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300421/validity-of-the-self-mini-nutritional-assessment-self-mna-for-the-evaluation-of-nutritional-risk-a-cross-sectional-study-conducted-in-general-practice
#13
L M Donini, W Marrocco, C Marocco, A Lenzi
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is a frequent condition in the elderly especially in hospitals and in nursing homes, and even among the free-living elders the prevalence is not negligible (5-10%). Awareness towards malnutrition is still limited. The lack of time for nutritional assessment by the overcommitted healthcare personnel, including the general practitioners (GPs), may represent one possible explanation for limited recognition of malnutrition. Therefore, a self-administered instrument could be useful in raising alert on the GPs and allow early detection of malnutrition and early care provision...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243783/research-on-the-nutrition-and-cognition-of-high-risk-stroke-groups-in-community-and-the-relevant-factors
#14
N-N Zhao, K-X Zeng, Y-L Wang, P-J Sheng, C-Z Tang, P Xiao, X-W Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of nutritional risk in high-risk stroke groups in community, analyze its influencing factors, and analyze and compare the relationship between nutritional risk or malnutrition assessed by different nutritional evaluation methods and cognitive function, so as to provide the basis and guidance for clinical nutritional assessment and support. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed for 1196 cases in high-risk stroke groups in community from December 2015 to January 2017...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165535/the-feasibility-of-standardised-geriatric-assessment-tools-and-physical-exercises-in-frail-older-adults
#15
A D Jadczak, N Mahajan, R Visvanathan
Geriatric assessment tools are applicable to the general geriatric population; however, their feasibility in frail older adults is yet to be determined. The study aimed to determine the feasibility of standardised geriatric assessment tools and physical exercises in hospitalised frail older adults. Various assessment tools including the FRAIL Screen, the Charlson Comorbidity Index, the SF-36, the Trail Making Test (TMT), the Rapid Cognitive Screen, the Self Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA-SF) and the Lawton iADL as well as standard physical exercises were assessed using observational protocols...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164776/nutritional-screening-and-dietitian-consultation-rates-in-a-geriatric-evaluation-and-management-unit
#16
Elsa Dent, Olivia Wright, Emiel O Hoogendijk, Ruth E Hubbard
AIM: Nutritional screening may not always lead to intervention. The present study aimed to determine: (i) the rate of nutritional screening in hospitalised older adults; (ii) whether nutritional screening led to dietitian consultation and (iii) factors associated with malnutrition. METHODS: In this prospective study of patients aged ≥70 years admitted to a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit (GEMU), malnutrition was screened for using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF) and identified using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151305/comparison-of-nutritional-risk-screening-tools-for-predictingsarcopenia-in-hospitalized-patients
#17
(no author information available yet)
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of malnutrition in hospitalized patients with three different tests and to compare these tests in terms of long hospitalization periods and sarcopenia. Materials and methods: Hospitalized patients in an internal medicine clinic were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Patients were grouped as under 65 years (Group 1 = G1) and over 65 years old (Group 2 = G2). The nutritional status of the patients was evaluated with the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002, Universal Malnutrition Screening Tool (MUST), Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), and total Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) tests...
November 13, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083448/quality-indicators-of-nutritional-care-practice-in-elderly-care
#18
M Skinnars Josefsson, M Nydahl, I Persson, Y Mattsson Sydner
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to explore the effects of antecedent, structural and process quality indicators of nutritional care practice on meal satisfaction and screened nutritional status among older adults in residential care homes. DESIGN: Data for this Swedish cross-sectional study regarding older adults living in residential care homes were collected by i) a national questionnaire, ii) records from the quality registry Senior Alert, iii) data from an Open Comparison survey of elderly care in 2013/2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913929/high-nutrition-risk-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dysphagia-in-advanced-age-adults-newly-admitted-to-hospital
#19
Amy Popman, Marilize Richter, Jacqueline Allen, Carol Wham
AIM: To establish the prevalence of nutrition risk and associated risk factors among adults of advanced age newly admitted to hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in adults aged over 85 years admitted to one of two hospital wards in Auckland within the previous 5 days. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to establish participant's socio-demographic and health characteristics. Markers of body composition and muscle strength were collected...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822255/malnutrition-in-postacute-geriatric-care-basic-espen-diagnosis-and-etiology-based-diagnoses-analyzed-by-length-of-stay-in-hospital-mortality-and-functional-rehabilitation-indexes
#20
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Cédric Annweiler, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Andrea Tortosa, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Xavier Duran, Josep M Muniesa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between malnutrition and nutrition-related conditions according to the European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus and guidelines and clinical outcomes in postacute rehabilitation. METHODS: Of 102 eligible inpatients, 95 (84.5 years old, 63.2% women) fulfilled inclusion criteria: aged ≥70 years, body mass index <30kg/m2 , admission for rehabilitation. Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF≤11) identified patients "at risk" and ESPEN basic and etiology based definitions were applied...
November 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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