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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345773/screening-for-malnutrition-in-hospitalised-older-people-comparison-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-with-its-short-form-versions
#1
Elsa Dent, Ian Chapman, Cynthia Piantadosi, Renuka Visvanathan
OBJECTIVE: To determine how well the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) Short Form (MNA-SF) performed as a nutritional screening tool when calf circumference replaced body mass index (BMI) as the included anthropometric measurement. METHODS: A total of 100 patients ≥70 years were recruited from a Geriatric Evaluation and Management Unit. RESULTS: Mean age of patients was 85.2 (6.1) years. By the full MNA, 40% of patients were malnourished...
March 27, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263371/association-between-preoperative-malnutrition-and-postoperative-delirium-after-hip-fracture-surgery-in-older-adults
#2
Paolo Mazzola, Libby Ward, Sara Zazzetta, Valentina Broggini, Alessandra Anzuini, Breanna Valcarcel, Justin S Brathwaite, Giulio M Pasinetti, Giuseppe Bellelli, Giorgio Annoni
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether poor nutritional status can predict postoperative delirium in elderly adults undergoing hip fracture surgery. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Italian orthogeriatric unit. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 70 and older (mean age 84.0 ± 6.6, 74.5% female) consecutively admitted for surgical repair of a proximal femur fracture between September 2012 and April 2016 (N = 415)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249678/comparison-of-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-and-long-form-and-serum-albumin-as-prognostic-indicators-of-hip-fracture-outcomes
#3
Heli Helminen, Tiina Luukkaala, Juha Saarnio, Maria Nuotio
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition is common among older hip fracture patients and associated with adverse outcomes. We examined Mini Nutritional Assessment short (MNA-SF) and long form (MNA-LF) and serum albumin as prognostic indicators of mobility, living arrangements and mortality after hip fracture. METHODS: Population-based prospective data were collected on 594 hip fracture patients aged 65 and over. MNA-SF, MNA-LF and serum albumin were assessed on admission. Outcomes were poorer mobility; transfer to more assisted living accommodation and mortality one month, four months and one year post fracture...
February 22, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
May 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126636/coexisting-severe-frailty-and-malnutrition-predict-mortality-among-the-oldest-old-in-nursing-homes-a-1-year-prospective-study
#5
Tomohiko Kamo, Keita Takayama, Hideaki Ishii, Keisuke Suzuki, Katsuhiko Eguchi, Yuusuke Nishida
The aim of this study was to explore the relationship of coexisting severe frailty and malnutrition with all-cause mortality among the oldest old in nursing homes. This study was conducted among all subjects (n=160) aged 85 years and older who lived in two nursing homes of Japan. Information about the health status of participants was gathered from history, medical documentation, test assessing frailty, according to the Canadian Study of Health and Aging-Clinical Frailty Scale (CSHA-CFS) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF)...
May 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063514/undernutrition-as-independent-predictor-of-early-mortality-in%C3%A2-elderly-cancer-patients
#6
Renata B Martucci, Mariana V Barbosa, Cristiane A D'Almeida, Viviane D Rodrigues, Anke Bergmann, Nivaldo B de Pinho, Luiz Claudio S Thuler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the 1-y survival of elderly patients with cancer and the association between undernutrition and mortality. METHODS: This was a cohort study with elderly patients ages ≥65 y admitted between September and October 2014. A nutritionist performed a Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) assessment during 48 h of hospital admission and collected data about potential confounding variables (comorbidities, stage of cancer, treatment in the previous 3 mo, and reason for hospitalization)...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000247/investigation-of-nutritional-status-using-the-mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-and-analysis-of-the-relevant-factors-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-tumour
#7
Ayaka Yanagi, Mai Murase, Yuka I Sumita, Hisashi Taniguchi
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to reveal the nutritional status of patients after head and neck tumour treatment by using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF) and to analyse the factors affecting nutritional status in patients with head and neck tumour. BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with loss of teeth and maxillary/mandibular bone due to head and neck tumour treatment could be at high risk of malnutrition. However, there are few reports on the nutritional status of these patients...
December 20, 2016: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928120/effect-of-long-term-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-on-nutritional-status-in-elderly-hospitalized-patients
#8
Mariko Nakamichi, Hidetaka Wakabayashi
The purpose was to investigate the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy and nutritional status in elderly hospitalized patients. Participants were 190 elderly patients admitted to the long-term care wards, convalescence rehabilitation wards, and community integrated care wards in January 2015. Nutritional status was assessed using the mini nutritional assessment short-form (MNA-SF). The PPI use group was compared with the PPI non-use group regarding nutrition status. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine whether the period of PPI therapy was associated independently with malnutrition following adjustment for covariates including gender, age, and serum albumin level...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925144/nutrition-screening-practices-amongst-australian-residential-aged-care-facilities
#9
J Kellett, G Kyle, C Itsiopoulos, M Naunton
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs) in Australia who use a nutrition screening tool on residents to identify those at risk of malnutrition, and to review practice following identification of residents as being at high risk of malnutrition. DESIGN: Multi-center, cross sectional observational study. SETTING: Residential Aged Care Facilities. PARTICIPANTS: The Director of Nursing at each site was contacted by telephone and asked questions relating to current nutrition screening practices at their residential aged care facility...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853883/nutritional-status-and-its-effects-on-muscle-wasting-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-insights-from-studies-investigating-co-morbidities-aggravating-heart-failure
#10
Masakazu Saitoh, Marcelo Rodrigues Dos Santos, Nicole Ebner, Amir Emami, Masaaki Konishi, Junichi Ishida, Miroslava Valentova, Anja Sandek, Wolfram Doehner, Stefan D Anker, Stephan von Haehling
BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutritional status has been linked to poor outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). Skeletal muscle wasting affects about 20% of ambulatory patients with HF. The impact of nutritional intake and appetite on skeletal muscle wasting has not been investigated so far. We sought to investigate the impact of nutritional status on muscle wasting and mortality in ambulatory patients with HF. METHODS: We studied 130 ambulatory patients with HF who were recruited as a part of the Studies Investigating Co-morbidities Aggravating Heart Failure (SICA-HF) program...
December 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791222/nutritional-and-functional-status-in-geriatric-day-hospital-patients-mna-short-form-versus-full-mna
#11
E Schrader, E Grosch, T Bertsch, C C Sieber, D Volkert
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients of a geriatric day hospital using the Mini Nutritional Assessment short form (MNA-SF) and the full MNA, to compare both tools, and to examine the relationship between nutritional and functional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric day hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 190 patients (72.1% female, median 80 years) aged 65 years or older...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743519/risk-factors-for-malnutrition-in-seniors-aged-75-living-in-home-environment-in-selected-regions-of-the-czech-republic
#12
Iva Brabcová, Marie Trešlová, Sylva Bártlová, Jitka Vacková, Valerie Tóthová, Lenka Motlová
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an important social determinant of health that influences the ageing process. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional condition of a group of seniors and identify the bio-psycho-social factors that increase the risk of malnutrition. METHODS: The research was conducted using a quantitative method. The standardised scales Mini Nutritional Assessment - Short Form (MNA-SF) and the Geriatric depression scale (GDS-5) were used to evaluate the nutritional condition and tendency towards depression of the tested group...
September 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709228/mini-nutritional-assessment-short-form-validation-in-five-latin-american-cities-sabe-study
#13
L Lera, H Sánchez, B Ángel, C Albala
OBJECTIVES: To validate the short-form of the MNA (MNA-SF) and the cut-off point of 31 cm for calf circumference (CC) in older people in Latin America. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 5,722 community-dwelling older subjects (range: 60-102 years) in Latin America´s five main cities: Sao Paulo (Brazil), Santiago (Chile), Havana (Cuba), Mexico DF (Mexico) and Montevideo (Uruguay). All participants underwent an interview, which included anthropometric measurements, completing the MNA and obtaining socio-demographic, nutrition and health information...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687521/tongue-strength-is-associated-with-grip-strength-and-nutritional-status-in-older-adult-inpatients-of-a-rehabilitation-hospital
#14
Kotomi Sakai, Enri Nakayama, Haruka Tohara, Tomomi Maeda, Motonobu Sugimoto, Takahiro Takehisa, Yozo Takehisa, Koichiro Ueda
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether tongue strength observed in older adult inpatients of a rehabilitation hospital is associated with muscle function, nutritional status, and dysphagia. A total of 174 older adult inpatients aged 65 years and older in rehabilitation (64 men, 110 women; median age, 84 years; interquartile range, 80-89 years) who were suspected of having reduced tongue strength due to sarcopenia were included in this study. Isometric tongue strength was measured using a device fitted with a disposable oral balloon probe...
September 29, 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651115/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-frailty-among-men-aged-80-years-or-older-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Chih-Jen Wang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and its association with frailty among men aged 80 years and older in Taiwan. METHODS: Residents living in four veterans retirement communities were invited for study and 440 men aged 80 years and older were enrolled. Comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed for them, which composed of Clinical Frailty Scale, Northern Health and Social Care Trust (HSC)-Continence Assessment Form, Charlson's Comorbidity Index (CCI), Barthel Index (BI), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5), and Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF)...
April 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650778/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-sarcopenia-in-a-post-acute-care-geriatric-unit-applying-the-new-espen-definition-and-ewgsop-criteria
#16
Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez, Ester Marco, Natalia Ronquillo-Moreno, Ramón Miralles, Olga Vázquez-Ibar, Ferran Escalada, Josep M Muniesa
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) consensus definition of malnutrition has been applied in hospitalized older diabetics and middle-aged patients, geriatric outpatients, and healthy elderly and young individuals. In a post-acute care setting, our aim was to assess malnutrition (ESPEN definition) and determine its relationship with sarcopenia in older in-patients deconditioned due to an acute process. METHODS: Eighty-eight in-patients aged ≥70 years with body mass index (BMI) <30 kg/m(2) were included (84...
September 9, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612921/pre-fracture-nutritional-status-is-predictive-of-functional-status-at-discharge-during-the-acute-phase-with-hip-fracture-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Tatsuro Inoue, Syogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiroki Sakamoto, Kentaro Iwata, Yuki Chuman, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with hip fractures, and elderly patients with hip fractures lose functional independence and often fail to recover previous functional status. The aim of this study was to determine whether pre-fracture nutritional status predicts functional status of patients with hip fracture at discharge from acute hospitals. METHODS: In the present multicenter prospective cohort study, pre-fracture nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF)...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528452/mini-nutritional-assessment-malnutrition-universal-screening-tool-and-nutrition-risk-screening-tool-for-the-nutritional-evaluation-of-older-nursing-home-residents
#18
Lorenzo M Donini, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Alessio Molfino, Aldo Rosano, Andrea Lenzi, Filippo Rossi Fanelli, Maurizio Muscaritoli
INTRODUCTION: Malnutrition plays a major role in clinical and functional impairment in older adults. The use of validated, user-friendly and rapid screening tools for malnutrition in the elderly may improve the diagnosis and, possibly, the prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), considered as a reference tool, MNA short form (MNA-SF), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), and Nutrition Risk Screening (NRS-2002) in elderly institutionalized participants...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503566/a-comparative-study-between-two-sensory-stimulation-strategies-after-two-weeks-treatment-on-older-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#19
Omar Ortega, Laia Rofes, Alberto Martin, Viridiana Arreola, Irene López, Pere Clavé
Oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) is a prevalent geriatric syndrome. Treatment is based on compensatory strategies to avoid complications. New treatments based on sensory stimulation to promote the recovery of the swallowing function have proved effective in acute studies but prolonged treatment needs further research. Our aim was to evaluate and compare the effect of two, longer-term sensory treatment strategies on older patients with OD. 38 older patients (≥70 years) were studied with videofluoroscopy (pre/posttreatment) and randomized into two 10-day treatment groups: Group A-transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) agonist (capsaicin 1 × 10(-5) M) and Group B-transcutaneous sensory electrical stimulation (TSES) (Intelect VitalStim, biphasic pulses, 300 μs, 80 Hz)...
October 2016: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27499303/malnutrition-in-very-old-hospitalized-patients-a-new-etiologic-factor-of-anemia
#20
E Frangos, A Trombetti, C E Graf, V Lachat, N Samaras, U M Vischer, D Zekry, R Rizzoli, F R Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Anemia and malnutrition are highly prevalent, frequently concomitant and associated with negative outcomes and mortality in the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between these two entities, and test the hypothesis that protein-energy deficit could be etiology of anemia. DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. SETTING: Geriatric and Rehabilitation Hospital, Geneva University Hospitals, Switzerland...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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