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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214036/strong-viral-associations-with-sle-among-filipinos
#1
Evan S Vista, Michael H Weisman, Mariko L Ishimori, Hua Chen, Rebecka L Bourn, Ben F Bruner, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Robelle D Tanangunan, Noga J Gal, Julie M Robertson, John B Harley, Joel M Guthridge, Sandra V Navarra, Judith A James
Objectives: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is considered an important environmental factor in SLE aetiology, but the relationship between SLE and EBV in the Filipino population is unknown. We tested associations between SLE, lupus-associated autoantibodies and seropositivity for EBV and other herpes viruses in the Filipino population. Methods: Sera from Filipino patients with SLE (n=233), unaffected first-degree relatives (FDRs, n=543) and unrelated controls (n=221) were tested for antibodies against EBV, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1 and HSV-2) by standardised ELISAs...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208949/cooperation-and-the-evolution-of-hunter-gatherer-storytelling
#2
Daniel Smith, Philip Schlaepfer, Katie Major, Mark Dyble, Abigail E Page, James Thompson, Nikhil Chaudhary, Gul Deniz Salali, Ruth Mace, Leonora Astete, Marilyn Ngales, Lucio Vinicius, Andrea Bamberg Migliano
Storytelling is a human universal. From gathering around the camp-fire telling tales of ancestors to watching the latest television box-set, humans are inveterate producers and consumers of stories. Despite its ubiquity, little attention has been given to understanding the function and evolution of storytelling. Here we explore the impact of storytelling on hunter-gatherer cooperative behaviour and the individual-level fitness benefits to being a skilled storyteller. Stories told by the Agta, a Filipino hunter-gatherer population, convey messages relevant to coordinating behaviour in a foraging ecology, such as cooperation, sex equality and egalitarianism...
December 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197496/exploring-the-links-between-early-life-and-young-adulthood-social-experiences-and-men-s-later-life-psychobiology-as-fathers
#3
Mallika S Sarma, Patty X Kuo, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa, Lee T Gettler
Early life cues of environmental harshness and unpredictability have been hypothesized to influence within-species variation in the timing of life history transitions and the dynamics of reproductive strategies, such as investments in mating and parenting. It is also believed that adolesence is an influential developmental period for male reproductive strategies, with those who achieve greater social and sexual success during that period maintaining faster life history strategies into adulthood. If correct, such early life and post-pubertal experiences could also help shape the psychobiological pathways that mediate reproductive strategies, including the well documented physiological shifts that occur when some men become parents...
November 29, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171059/family-and-individual-variables-associated-with-young-filipino-children-s-numeracy-interest-and-competence
#4
Sum Kwing Cheung, Xiujie Yang, Katrina May Dulay, Catherine McBride
Children's early numeracy outcomes set the foundation for mathematics learning in their future school years. This study examined how different family and individual variables were associated with the numeracy interest and competence of disadvantaged young children in the Philippines. The numeracy and literacy skills of 673 children living in low-middle income communities were tested. Their parents were also asked to complete a questionnaire on demographics, their home numeracy practices, attitudes about numeracy learning, and children's numeracy interest...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159031/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-abdominal-wall-re-surfacing-as-unilateral-pleural-effusion-and-mass-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Xia Bi, Jixian Zhai, Carrie D Chun
Background: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare fibroblastic mesenchymal neoplasms that were initially described in the pleura, but have been increasingly recognized to occur in other parts of the body. They have been traditionally regarded as indolent tumors that are rare to metastasize after surgical resection. Here, we describe a case of a Filipino female who initially presented with unilateral pleural effusion and mass, and was ultimately diagnosed with recurrent solitary fibrous tumor that originated from the abdominal wall...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151900/examining-factors-associated-with-nonadherence-and-identifying-providers-caring-for-nonadherent-subgroups
#6
Deborah A Taira, Brendan K Seto, James W Davis, Todd B Seto, Doug Landsittel, Wesley K Sumida
Objectives: To examine racial/ethnic and regional differences in medication adherence in patients with diabetes taking oral anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and cholesterol lowering medications and to identify the pharmacies and prescribers who serve these communities. Methods: Administrative claims data was analyzed for members enrolled in a large health plan in Hawaii (2008-2010) with diabetes mellitus who were taking three types of medications: 1) oral anti-diabetic medications; 2) anti-hypertensive medications; 3) cholesterol lowering medications (n=5136)...
December 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145940/happy-classes-make-happy-students-classmates-well-being-predicts-individual-student-well-being
#7
Ronnel B King, Jesus Alfonso Datu
Student well-being has mostly been studied as an individual phenomenon with little research investigating how the well-being of one's classmates could influence a student's well-being. The aim of the current study was to examine how the aggregate well-being of students who comprise a class could predict students' subsequent well-being (Time 2 well-being) after controlling for the effects of prior well-being (Time 1 well-being) as well as key demographic variables such as gender and age. Two studies among Filipino secondary school students were conducted...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#8
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137173/psychiatric-disorders-differently-correlate-with-physical-self-rated-health-across-ethnic-groups
#9
Shervin Assari
In this study, we compared 10 ethnic groups for associations between psychiatric disorders and physical self-rated health (SRH) in the United States. Data came from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES), 2001-2003. The study included 7587 non-Latino White, 4746 African American, 1442 Mexican, 1106 other Hispanic, 656 other Asian, 600 Chinese, 577 Cuban, 520 Vietnamese, 508 Filipino, and 495 Puerto Rican individuals. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was used to measure psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), general anxiety disorder (GAD), social phobia, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and binge eating disorders...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135796/voices-of-the-filipino-community-describing-the-importance-of-family-in-understanding-adolescent-behavioral-health-needs
#10
Joyce R Javier, Kristina Galura, Frank Anthony P Aliganga, Jocelyn Supan, Lawrence A Palinkas
Filipinos are a large, yet invisible, minority at high risk for adolescent behavioral health problems. Limited research describes the family as offering a source of positive support for some Filipino youths and yet for some it is also a source of stress and isolation, leading to struggles with adolescent depression and suicidal behavior. This article describes a qualitative study that investigates the role of family when understanding behavioral health needs among Filipino adolescents. Findings highlight the importance of addressing family cohesion when designing interventions aimed at improving the well-being of Filipino youth...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120829/risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-the-breast-cancer-risk-model-study-of-guam-and-saipan
#11
Rachael T Leon Guerrero, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Marie Chong, Kami K White, Yurii B Shvetsov, Arielle Buyum, Grazyna Badowski, Michelle Blas-Laguaña
BACKGROUND: Chamorro Pacific Islanders in the Mariana Islands have breast cancer incidence rates similar to, but mortality rates higher than, those of U.S. women. As breast cancer risk factors of women of the Mariana Islands may be unique because of ethnic and cultural differences, we studied established and suspected risk factors for breast cancer in this unstudied population. METHODS: From 2010-2013, we conducted retrospective case-control study of female breast cancer (104 cases and 185 controls) among women in the Mariana Islands...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120826/cancer-in-guam-and-hawaii-a-comparison-of-two-u-s-island-populations
#12
Brenda Y Hernandez, Renata A Bordallo, Michael D Green, Robert L Haddock
BACKGROUND: Cancer disparities within and across populations provide insight into the influence of lifestyle, environment, and genetic factors on cancer risk. METHODS: Guam cancer incidence and mortality were compared to that of Hawaii using data from their respective population-based, central cancer registries. RESULTS: In 2009-2013, overall cancer incidence was substantially lower in Guam than in Hawaii for both sexes while overall cancer mortality was higher for Guam males...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095699/effects-of-classical-background-music-on-stress-anxiety-and-knowledge-of-filipino-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#13
Kevin Evangelista, Romeo Luis A Macabasag, Brylle Capili, Timothy Castro, Marilee Danque, Hanzel Evangelista, Jenica Ana Rivero, Michell Katrina Gonong, Michael Joseph Diño, Sharon Cajayon
Previous work on the use of background music suggests conflicting results in various psychological, behavioral, and educational measures. This quasi-experiment examined the effect of integrating classical background music during a lecture on stress, anxiety, and knowledge. A total of 42 nursing students participated this study. We utilized independent sample t-test and multivariate analysis of variance to examine the effect of classical background music. Our findings suggest that the presence or absence of classical background music do not affect stress, anxiety, and knowledge scores (Λ = 0...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084348/concept-analysis-of-dietary-biculturalism-in-filipino-immigrants-within-the-context-of-cardiovascular-risk
#14
Reimund Serafica, Jessica Knurick, Brendan Tran Morris
BACKGROUND: Dietary biculturalism is an emerging phenomenon among the Filipino immigrant population. Determining the concept of dietary biculturalism on this specific population will unravel some of the obscurities of emerging dietary patterns within the context of cardiovascular risk. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to provide a concept analysis of dietary biculturalism within the health context of cardiovascular risk using Walker and Avant's method as an organizing framework...
October 30, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081327/subjective-happiness-optimizes-educational-outcomes-evidence-from-filipino-high-school-students
#15
Jesus Alfonso D Datu, Jana Patricia Valdez, Ian Kenneth Cabrera, Maria Guadalupe Salanga
Subjective happiness has been found to be associated with key psychological outcomes. However, there is paucity of research that assessed how subjective happiness is related to a number of positive student outcomes in the educational setting. The objective of the study was to assess the associations of subjective happiness with academic engagement, flourishing, and school resilience among 606 Filipino high school students (m age = 13.87; n boys = 300, n girls = 305, n missing = 1) in the Philippine context...
October 30, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068747/clinical-reasoning-of-filipino-physical-therapists-experiences-in-a-developing-nation
#16
Esmerita R Rotor, Catherine M Capio
Clinical reasoning is essential for physical therapists to engage in the process of client care, and has been known to contribute to professional development. The literature on clinical reasoning and experiences have been based on studies from Western and developed nations, from which multiple influencing factors have been found. A developing nation, the Philippines, has distinct social, economic, political, and cultural circumstances. Using a phenomenological approach, this study explored experiences of Filipino physical therapists on clinical reasoning...
October 25, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055972/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-%C3%AE-blocker-treatment-in-asian-patients-with-heart-failure
#17
Yoshiaki Kubota, Wan Ting Tay, Kuniya Asai, Koji Murai, Ikutaro Nakajima, Nobuhisa Hagiwara, Takanori Ikeda, Takashi Kurita, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Inder Anand, Carolyn S P Lam, Wataru Shimizu
AIMS: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and heart failure (HF) are increasingly frequent in Asia and commonly coexist in patients. However, the prevalence of COPD among Asian patients with HF and its impact on HF treatment are unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared clinical characteristics and treatment approaches between patients with or without a history of COPD, before and after 1:2 propensity matching (for age, sex, geographical region, income level, and ethnic group) in 5232 prospectively recruited patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF, <40%) from 11 Asian regions (Northeast Asia: South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China; South Asia: India; Southeast Asia: Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia, and Singapore)...
October 21, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043925/filipino-therapists-experiences-and-attitudes-of-interprofessional-education-and-collaboration-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Michael Palapal Sy
For the past more than 50 years, the World Health Organisation has acknowledged through empirical findings that health workers that learn together work together effectively to provide the best care for their patients. This study aimed to: (1) describe the perceived extent of interprofessional education (IPE) experience among Filipino occupational therapists (OTs), physical therapists (PTs), and speech-language-pathologists (SLPs); (2) identify their attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC); and (3) compare their attitudes towards IPC according to: prior IPE experience, classification of IPE experience, profession, years of practice, and practice setting...
November 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035642/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-cancer-survival-the-contribution-of-tumor-sociodemographic-institutional-and-neighborhood-characteristics
#19
Libby Ellis, Alison J Canchola, David Spiegel, Uri Ladabaum, Robert Haile, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Purpose Racial/ethnic disparities in cancer survival in the United States are well documented, but the underlying causes are not well understood. We quantified the contribution of tumor, treatment, hospital, sociodemographic, and neighborhood factors to racial/ethnic survival disparities in California. Materials and Methods California Cancer Registry data were used to estimate population-based cancer-specific survival for patients diagnosed with breast, prostate, colorectal, or lung cancer between 2000 and 2013 for each racial/ethnic group (non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Asian American and Pacific Islander, and separately each for Chinese, Japanese, and Filipino) compared with non-Hispanic whites...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034988/the-global-filipino-nurse-an-integrative-review-of-filipino-nurses-work-experiences
#20
Jed Montayre, Jasmine Montayre, Eleanor Holroyd
AIM: To understand the work-related experiences of Philippine-trained nurses working globally. BACKGROUND: The Philippines is a major source country of foreign-trained nurses located globally. However, there is paucity of research on professional factors and career related issues affecting foreign-trained nurses' work experiences. METHODS: An integrative review through a comprehensive search of literature was undertaken from November 2015 and was repeated in August 2016...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
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