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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429791/social-and-anthropometric-factors-explaining-racial-ethnical-differences-in-birth-weight-in-the-united-states
#1
Naho Morisaki, Ichiro Kawachi, Emily Oken, Takeo Fujiwara
Though disparities in birth weight by race/ethnicity have been extensively reported in the United States, few studies have systematically investigated factors attributing to its variability. For 10,638,415 singleton infants born during 2009-2012 in the United States, we examined birth weight differences among 14 races and ethnicities (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic Black, American Indian, Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Hawaiian, Guamanian, Mexican, Puerto Rican and Cuban), after sequentially adjusting for maternal, socio-economic and behavioral factors...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425897/diabetes-among-non-obese-filipino-americans-findings-from-a-large-population-based-study
#2
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Adity Roy, Keith Tsz-Kit Chan, Karen M Kobayashi
OBJECTIVES: Filipino Americans form the second-largest Asian American and Pacific Islanders subgroup. Growing evidence suggests that Filipino Americans have higher rates of diabetes than non-Hispanic whites. The key objectives of this study are 1) to determine the prevalence of diabetes in non-obese Filipino Americans compared to non-obese non-Hispanic whites, and 2) to identify risk factors for diabetes in non-obese Filipino men and women. METHODS: Secondary analysis of population-based data from combined waves (2007, 2009 and 2011) of the adult California Health Interview Survey (CHIS)...
April 20, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417349/a-higher-prevalence-of-endometriosis-among-asian-women-does-not-contribute-to-poorer-ivf-outcomes
#3
Ayae Yamamoto, Erica B Johnstone, Michael S Bloom, Heather G Huddleston, Victor Y Fujimoto
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine whether diagnosis of endometriosis or endometriosis with endometrioma influences in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes in an ethnically diverse population. METHODS: Women undergoing a first IVF cycle (n = 717) between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009, at a university-affiliated infertility clinic, were retrospectively assessed for an endometriosis diagnosis. Differences in prevalence of endometriosis by ethnicity were determined, as well as differences in IVF success by ethnicity, with a focus on country of origin for Asian women...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406845/heterogeneity-in-14-year-dementia-incidence-between-asian-american-subgroups
#4
Elizabeth R Mayeda, M Maria Glymour, Charles P Quesenberry, Rachel A Whitmer
BACKGROUND: Asian Americans are a rapidly growing and diverse population. Prior research on dementia among Asian Americans focused on Japanese Americans or Asian Americans overall, although marked differences in cardiometabolic conditions between subgroups have been documented. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared dementia incidence among 4 Asian American subgroups (n=8384 Chinese; n=4478 Japanese; n=6210 Filipino; n=197 South Asian) and whites (n=206,490) who were Kaiser Permanente Northern California members aged 64 years and above with no dementia diagnoses as of January 1, 2000...
April 12, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405229/epidemiologic-burden-of-hospitalisation-for-congestive-heart-failure-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-19%C3%A2-years-in-the-philippines
#5
Bernadette A Tumanan-Mendoza, Victor L Mendoza, April Ann A Bermudez-Delos Santos, Felix Eduardo R Punzalan, Noemi S Pestaño, Rudy Boy Natividad, Louie Alfred Shiu, Renelene Macabeo
OBJECTIVES: The study determined the prevalence of hospitalisation due to congestive heart failure (CHF) among adult patients aged 19 years and above in the Philippines and its 17 regions in 2014. It also determined the demographic profile of these patients, aetiology and type of CHF, comorbidities, duration of hospitalisation and the overall in-hospital mortality rate. METHODS: Data collection was done using the hospitalisation claims database of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth)...
2017: Heart Asia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394899/genomic-analyses-of-the-ancestral-manila-family-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#6
Xuehua Wan, Kent Koster, Lishi Qian, Edward Desmond, Richard Brostrom, Shaobin Hou, James T Douglas
With its airborne transmission and prolonged latency period, Mycobacterium tuberculosis spreads worldwide as one of the most successful bacterial pathogens and continues to kill millions of people every year. M. tuberculosis lineage 1 is inferred to originate ancestrally based on the presence of the 52-bp TbD1 sequence and analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Previously, we briefly reported the complete genome sequencing of M. tuberculosis strains 96121 and 96075, which belong to the ancient Manila family and modern Beijing family respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390445/peace-of-mind-academic-motivation-and-academic-achievement-in-filipino-high-school-students
#7
Jesus Alfonso D Datu
Recent literature has recognized the advantageous role of low-arousal positive affect such as feelings of peacefulness and internal harmony in collectivist cultures. However, limited research has explored the benefits of low-arousal affective states in the educational setting. The current study examined the link of peace of mind (PoM) to academic motivation (i.e., amotivation, controlled motivation, and autonomous motivation) and academic achievement among 525 Filipino high school students. Findings revealed that PoM was positively associated with academic achievement β = ...
April 9, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378254/colorectal-cancer-screening-compliance-among-asian-and-pacific-islander-americans
#8
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, John J Chen, Kathryn L Braun
Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening prevalence remains low among Asians and Pacific Islanders. This study examined disparities and predictors of CRC screening compliance in adults age 50-75 years in Asians and Pacific Islanders in Hawai'i. Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data for 2011-2014 were analyzed. CRC screening status was dichotomized. Logistic regression was used to examine ethnic differences in and predictors of CRC screening status. Filipinos (OR 0.56), Chinese (OR 0.70), and Hawaiians (OR 0...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359313/an-examination-of-the-causes-consequences-and-policy-responses-to-the-migration-of-highly-trained-health-personnel-from-the-philippines-the-high-cost-of-living-leaving-a-mixed-method-study
#9
Erlinda Castro-Palaganas, Denise L Spitzer, Maria Midea M Kabamalan, Marian C Sanchez, Ruel Caricativo, Vivien Runnels, Ronald Labonté, Gail Tomblin Murphy, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault
BACKGROUND: Dramatic increases in the migration of human resources for health (HRH) from developing countries like the Philippines can have consequences on the sustainability of health systems. In this paper, we trace the outflows of HRH from the Philippines, map out its key causes and consequences, and identify relevant policy responses. METHODS: This mixed method study employed a decentered, comparative approach that involved three phases: (a) a scoping review on health workers' migration of relevant policy documents and academic literature on health workers' migration from the Philippines; and primary data collection with (b) 37 key stakeholders and (c) household surveys with seven doctors, 329 nurses, 66 midwives, and 18 physical therapists...
March 31, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352492/perceptions-of-factors-impacting-longevity-among-hawai-i-older-adults
#10
Michiyo Tomioka, Kathryn Braun, Mieko Homma, Hiroaki Nobuhara, Tomio Kubota, Hiromichi Sakai
With increased life expectancy, people need more education about healthy aging. This paper examines older adult perceptions regarding various factors impacting longevity, including genetics, lifestyle, and the environment. Data were collected from 733 Hawai'i adults age 50 years and older (39% Caucasian, 27% Japanese, 19% Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHOPI), 9% Chinese, and 7% Filipino) through randomized telephone interviews. Participants were asked to rate a variety of factors as having "great impact," "some impact," or "no impact" on lifespan...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347359/the-association-of-trajectories-of-protein-intake-and-age-specific-protein-intakes-from-2-to-22-years-with-bmi-in-early-adulthood
#11
Melecia Wright, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Michelle A Mendez, Linda Adair
No study has analysed how protein intake from early childhood to young adulthood relate to adult BMI in a single cohort. To estimate the association of protein intake at 2, 11, 15, 19 and 22 years with age- and sex-standardised BMI at 22 years (early adulthood), we used linear regression models with dietary and anthropometric data from a Filipino birth cohort (1985-2005, n 2586). We used latent growth curve analysis to identify trajectories of protein intake relative to age-specific recommended daily allowance (intake in g/kg body weight) from 2 to 22 years, then related trajectory membership to early adulthood BMI using linear regression models...
March 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344119/acculturation-and-weight-change-in-asian-american-children-evidence-from-the-ecls-k-2011
#12
Cassandra S Diep, Tom Baranowski, Rachel T Kimbro
Despite relatively low rates of overweight and obesity among Asian-American children, disparities exist based on acculturation, socioeconomic status, and Asian ethnicity. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between acculturation and weight change in Asian-American children. Secondary aims were to compare changes by Asian ethnic group and acculturation x socioeconomic status. Participants included 1200 Asian-American children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11, a longitudinal study of U...
March 23, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329520/an-elderly-filipino-woman-with-follicular-papules-of-the-face-and-chest
#13
Mona Ascha, Mahwish Irfan, Steven D Billings
An elderly woman developed pruritic follicularpapules over a period of 5 years. A biopsy revealedfocal intraepidermal eosinophilic pustules, leading tothe diagnosis of Ofuji disease or eosinophilic pustularfolliculitis. A discussion of this condition is presented.
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295144/androgen-receptor-polyglutamine-repeat-length-ar-cagn-modulates-the-effect-of-testosterone-on-androgen-associated-somatic-traits-in-filipino-young-adult-men
#14
Calen P Ryan, Alexander V Georgiev, Thomas W McDade, Lee T Gettler, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, Sonny S Agustin, M Geoffrey Hayes, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: The androgen receptor (AR) mediates expression of androgen-associated somatic traits such as muscle mass and strength. Within the human AR is a highly variable glutamine short-tandem repeat (AR-CAGn), and CAG repeat number has been inversely correlated to AR transcriptional activity in vitro. However, evidence for an attenuating effect of long AR-CAGn on androgen-associated somatic traits has been inconsistent in human populations. One possible explanation for this lack of consistency is that the effect of AR-CAGn on AR bioactivity in target tissues likely varies in relation to circulating androgen levels...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#15
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
March 9, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277029/physical-psychiatric-comorbidity-patterns-and-explanations-for-ethnic-group-differences
#16
Christy L Erving
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines ethnic differences in the co-occurrence of physical and psychiatric health problems (physical-psychiatric comorbidity) for women and men. The following ethnic groups are included: Non-Latino Whites, African Americans, Caribbean Blacks, Spanish Caribbean Blacks, Mexicans, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, Other Latinos, Chinese, Filipinos, Vietnamese, and Other Asian Americans. In addition, the study assesses the extent to which social factors (socioeconomic status, stress exposure, social support) account for ethnic differences in physical-psychiatric comorbidity (PPC)...
February 7, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276916/falling-into-poverty-the-intersectionality-of-meanings-of-hiv-among-overseas-filipino-workers-and-their-families
#17
Mira Alexis Ofreneo, Nico Canoy
Many years of labour migration have opened opportunities as well as exposed overseas Filipino workers to health vulnerabilities. In the light of the increasing number of HIV cases in the country, these workers may be conceived as an at-risk group in need of careful attention. This study, which focuses on the experiences of HIV-positive overseas Filipino workers, describes the meanings HIV carries, together with implications for workers' identities as they return home to their families. Recognising that HIV may affect different groups in different ways, we analysed 13 accounts from heterosexual men and women and gay men from the lens of intersectionality...
March 1, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271720/negotiating-health-and-chronic-illness-in-filipino-australians-a-qualitative-study-with-implications-for-health-promotion
#18
Della Maneze, Lucie Ramjan, Michelle DiGiacomo, Bronwyn Everett, Patricia Mary Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
OBJECTIVE: In spite of the healthy immigrant effect, the prevalence of lifestyle-related chronic diseases among migrants is reported to approximate that of the host country with longer duration of stay. For example, higher rates of chronic diseases such as Type 2 diabetes and hypertension have been observed among Filipino migrants and these have been linked to acculturation. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of Filipino-Australian migrants in managing their chronic health conditions in a Western host country...
March 8, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262139/examining-the-dimensional-structure-models-of-secondary-traumatic-stress-based-on-dsm-5-symptoms
#19
Imelu G Mordeno, Geraldine P Go, April Yangson-Serondo
Latent factor structure of Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) has been examined using Diagnostic Statistic Manual-IV (DSM-IV)'s Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) nomenclature. With the advent of Diagnostic Statistic Manual-5 (DSM-5), there is an impending need to reexamine STS using DSM-5 symptoms in light of the most updated PTSD models in the literature. The study investigated and determined the best fitted PTSD models using DSM-5 PTSD criteria symptoms. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to examine model fit using the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale in 241 registered and practicing Filipino nurses (166 females and 75 males) who worked in the Philippines and gave direct nursing services to patients...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261991/role-of-psychosocial-reserve-capacity-in-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Geraldine Zamora-Racaza, Desiree R Azizoddin, Mariko L Ishimori, Sarah R Ormseth, Daniel J Wallace, Ester G Penserga, Lekeisha Sumner, Julia Ayeroff, Taylor Draper, Perry M Nicassio, Michael H Weisman
AIM: To examine the relationship between reserve capacity measures and anxiety/depression among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from Southern California (SoCal), United States and Manila, Philippines. METHODS: A total of 235 participants with SLE completed self-reported scales to assess anxiety/depression and psychosocial reserve capacity measures (self-esteem, optimism, personal mastery/coping skills, social support), socioeconomic status (SES) data, and Mexican SLE Disease Activity Index...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
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