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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464658/examining-the-association-between-different-aspects-of-socioeconomic-status-race-and-disability-in-hawaii
#1
Jason Seto, James Davis, Deborah Ann Taira
Socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity are known to be associated with health disparities. This study used data (2010-2014) from the American Community Survey. Respondents over age 30 from Hawaii were included (n = 44,921). Outcome variables were self-reported disability in vision, hearing, ambulatory function, self-care, independent living, or cognitive function. Four measures of socioeconomic status were personal income, average income for the area, income inequality for area, and education. This study used multivariable logistic regression to predict disability by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, controlling for age and gender...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433932/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-hospital-mortality-among-ischemic-stroke-patients-in-hawaii
#2
Trevor R Ideta, Eunjung Lim, Kazuma Nakagawa, Matthew A Koenig
BACKGROUND: We evaluated disparities in in-hospital mortality rates among whites, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders (NHOPI), Filipinos, and other Asian groups in Hawaii who were hospitalized for acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a statewide hospital claims database, we performed a retrospective study including sequential acute ischemic stroke patients between 2010 and 2015. We compared in-hospital mortality rates among whites, NHOPI, Filipinos, other Asian groups excluding Filipinos, and other races (Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, mixed race)...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422180/self-care-among-filipinos-in-the-united-states-who-have-hypertension
#3
Emerson E Ea, Alison Colbert, Melanie Turk, Victoria Vaughan Dickson
BACKGROUND: Despite the strong literature on the influence of self-care on hypertension (HTN) diagnosis, there is a notable lack of studies that explore self-care among Filipino immigrants in the United States (US) who have HTN. AIM: To determine the levels of and relationships between and among acculturation, acculturative stress, HTN self-efficacy, patient activation, and HTN self-care among first generation Filipino immigrants in the US who have HTN. DESIGN: A cross-sectional correlational design was used to determine the relationships between and among acculturation, acculturative stress, HTN self-efficacy, patient activation, and HTN self-care using the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422159/factors-influencing-turnover-intention-among-registered-nurses-in-samar-philippines
#4
Leodoro J Labrague, Donna Gloe, Denise M McEnroe, Kostas Konstantinos, Paolo Colet
OBJECTIVE: Despite the massive nurse migration and turnover of nurses in the Philippines, there remains a lack of studies describing factors influencing the migration of Filipino nurses. This study explored the effects of nurses' characteristics, work satisfaction, and work stress with the intent to leave an organization among registered nurses in the Philippines. METHODS: This study utilized a descriptive, cross-sectional approach. One hundred sixty six (166) nurses participated in the study during the months of September 2015 to December 2015...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404214/gene-based-association-study-for-lipid-traits-in-diverse-cohorts-implicates-bace1-and-sidt2-regulation-in-triglyceride-levels
#5
Angela Andaleon, Lauren S Mogil, Heather E Wheeler
Plasma lipid levels are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death worldwide. While many studies have been conducted on lipid genetics, they mainly focus on Europeans and thus their transferability to diverse populations is unclear. We performed SNP- and gene-level genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of four lipid traits in cohorts from Nigeria and the Philippines and compared them to the results of larger, predominantly European meta-analyses. Two previously implicated loci met genome-wide significance in our SNP-level GWAS in the Nigerian cohort, rs34065661 in CETP associated with HDL cholesterol (P = 9...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370793/cross-validation-of-a-learning-climate-instrument-in-a-non-western-postgraduate-clinical-environment
#6
Jaime L Pacifico, Cees P M van der Vleuten, Arno M M Muijtjens, Erlyn A Sana, Sylvia Heeneman
BACKGROUND: In postgraduate training, there is a need to continuously assess the learning and working conditions to optimize learning. Students or trainees respond to the learning climate as they perceive it. The Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test (D-RECT) is a learning climate measurement tool with well-substantiated validity. However, it was originally designed for Dutch postgraduate trainees and it remains to be shown whether extrapolation to non-Western settings is viable. The dual objective of this study was to revalidate D-RECT outside of a Western setting and to evaluate the factor structure of a recently revised version of the D-RECT containing 35 items...
January 25, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352813/age-at-menarche-and-sexual-debut-among-young-filipino-women
#7
Nai-Peng Tey, Siow-Li Lai, Sor-Tho Ng
There has been a secular decline in age at menarche since the 19th century. Early-maturing women are more likely to have their sexual debut at a younger age, which in turn gives rise to a host of reproductive health and social problems. This study used data from five waves of National Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in the Philippines between 1993 and 2013 to examine the trends and socioeconomic differentials in age at menarche and sexual debut. The changing trend in age at menarche and sexual debut was examined across birth cohorts, and logistic regressions were used to identify the determinants of early sexual debut...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348110/the-role-of-ethnicity-and-environment-in-the-regulation-of-response-to-sensory-stimulus-in-children-protocol-and-pilot-findings-of-a-neurophysiological-study
#8
Ivan Neil Gomez, Cynthia Yy Lai, Chetwyn Ch Chan, Hector Wh Tsang
BACKGROUND: The ability to regulate the response to sensory stimuli has been associated with successful behavioral patterns necessary for daily activities. However, it is not known whether a child's ethnicity and environment can influence autonomic regulatory mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the role of ethnicity and environment in the regulation of responses to sensory stimuli in children. METHODS: In this study, we intend to recruit 128 children from different ethnic groups or environment contexts as follows: (1) 32 typically developing Chinese children living in Hong Kong; (2) 32 typically developing Filipino children living in Hong Kong; (3) 32 typically developing Filipino children who are living in urban areas; and (4) 32 typically developing Filipino children who are living in rural areas in Philippines...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336045/the-creation-of-a-postcolonial-subject-the-chicago-and-ateneo-de-manila-schools-and-the-peace-corps-in-the-philippines-1960-1970
#9
Christa Wirth
In the 1950s and 1960s scholars from the University of Chicago and the Ateneo de Manila created social scientific knowledge that helped establish the Peace Corps as a Cold War institution in the Philippines. Central were the social scientists at the University of Chicago and the Ateneo de Manila University who established a knowable postcolonial subject: "the Filipino," which resulted from their research on Philippine values. In this context, the Ateneo/Chicago social scientists developed the "SIR," the "smooth interpersonal relation" model that entails the notion that Filipinos and Filipinas particularly valued this nonconfrontational skill set among people...
January 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310636/sociodemographic-correlates-of-urine-culture-test-utilization-in-calgary-alberta
#10
Thomas P Griener, Christopher Naugler, Wilson W Chan, Deirdre L Church
BACKGROUND: Many clinical practice guidelines encourage diagnosis and empiric treatment of lower urinary tract infection without laboratory investigation; however, urine culture testing remains one of the largest volume tests in the clinical microbiology laboratory. In this study, we sought to determine if there were specific patient groups to which increased testing was directed. To do so, we combined laboratory data on testing rates with Census Canada sociodemographic data. METHODS: Urine culture testing data was obtained from the Calgary Laboratory Services information system for 2011...
January 8, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301577/ethnic-disparities-in-children-s-oral-health-findings-from-a-population-based-survey-of-grade-1-and-2-schoolchildren-in-alberta-canada
#11
Congshi Shi, Peter Faris, Deborah A McNeil, Steven Patterson, Melissa L Potestio, Salima Thawer, Lindsay McLaren
BACKGROUND: Although oral health has improved remarkably in recent decades, not all populations have benefited equally. Ethnic identity, and in particular visible minority status, has been identified as an important risk factor for poor oral health. Canadian research on ethnic disparities in oral health is extremely limited. The aim of this study was to examine ethnic disparities in oral health outcomes and to assess the extent to which ethnic disparities could be accounted for by demographic, socioeconomic and caries-related behavioral factors, among a population-based sample of grade 1 and 2 schoolchildren (age range: 5-8 years) in Alberta, Canada...
January 4, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261007/stress-and-coping-strategies-among-nursing-students-an-international-study
#12
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Olaide B Edet, Konstantinos Tsaras, Michael C Leocadio, Paolo Colet, Christos F Kleisiaris, Evangelos C Fradelos, Rheajane A Rosales, Katherine Vera Santos-Lucas, Pearl Irish T Velacaria
BACKGROUND: Mounting literature on stress and coping in nursing students are available; however, most of the findings are confined to a single cultural group. AIMS: This study was conducted to determine the level of stress, its sources and coping strategies among nursing students from three countries: Greece, the Philippines and Nigeria. METHODS: Using a descriptive, comparative research design, 547 nursing students (161 Greek nursing students, 153 Filipino nursing students, 233 Nigerian nursing students) participated in the study from August 2015 to April 2016...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214036/strong-viral-associations-with-sle-among-filipinos
#13
Evan S Vista, Michael H Weisman, Mariko L Ishimori, Hua Chen, Rebecka L Bourn, Ben F Bruner, Laniyati Hamijoyo, Robelle D Tanangunan, Noga J Gal, Julie M Robertson, John B Harley, Joel M Guthridge, Sandra V Navarra, Judith A James
Objectives: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is considered an important environmental factor in SLE aetiology, but the relationship between SLE and EBV in the Filipino population is unknown. We tested associations between SLE, lupus-associated autoantibodies and seropositivity for EBV and other herpes viruses in the Filipino population. Methods: Sera from Filipino patients with SLE (n=233), unaffected first-degree relatives (FDRs, n=543) and unrelated controls (n=221) were tested for antibodies against EBV, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1 and HSV-2) by standardised ELISAs...
2017: Lupus Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208949/cooperation-and-the-evolution-of-hunter-gatherer-storytelling
#14
Daniel Smith, Philip Schlaepfer, Katie Major, Mark Dyble, Abigail E Page, James Thompson, Nikhil Chaudhary, Gul Deniz Salali, Ruth Mace, Leonora Astete, Marilyn Ngales, Lucio Vinicius, Andrea Bamberg Migliano
Storytelling is a human universal. From gathering around the camp-fire telling tales of ancestors to watching the latest television box-set, humans are inveterate producers and consumers of stories. Despite its ubiquity, little attention has been given to understanding the function and evolution of storytelling. Here we explore the impact of storytelling on hunter-gatherer cooperative behaviour and the individual-level fitness benefits to being a skilled storyteller. Stories told by the Agta, a Filipino hunter-gatherer population, convey messages relevant to coordinating behaviour in a foraging ecology, such as cooperation, sex equality and egalitarianism...
December 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197496/exploring-the-links-between-early-life-and-young-adulthood-social-experiences-and-men-s-later-life-psychobiology-as-fathers
#15
Mallika S Sarma, Patty X Kuo, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa, Lee T Gettler
Early life cues of environmental harshness and unpredictability have been hypothesized to influence within-species variation in the timing of life history transitions and the dynamics of reproductive strategies, such as investments in mating and parenting. It is also believed that adolesence is an influential developmental period for male reproductive strategies, with those who achieve greater social and sexual success during that period maintaining faster life history strategies into adulthood. If correct, such early life and post-pubertal experiences could also help shape the psychobiological pathways that mediate reproductive strategies, including the well documented physiological shifts that occur when some men become parents...
November 29, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171059/family-and-individual-variables-associated-with-young-filipino-children-s-numeracy-interest-and-competence
#16
Sum Kwing Cheung, Xiujie Yang, Katrina May Dulay, Catherine McBride
Children's early numeracy outcomes set the foundation for mathematics learning in their future school years. This study examined how different family and individual variables were associated with the numeracy interest and competence of disadvantaged young children in the Philippines. The numeracy and literacy skills of 673 children living in low-middle income communities were tested. Their parents were also asked to complete a questionnaire on demographics, their home numeracy practices, attitudes about numeracy learning, and children's numeracy interest...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159031/solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-abdominal-wall-re-surfacing-as-unilateral-pleural-effusion-and-mass-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Xia Bi, Jixian Zhai, Carrie D Chun
Background: Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) are rare fibroblastic mesenchymal neoplasms that were initially described in the pleura, but have been increasingly recognized to occur in other parts of the body. They have been traditionally regarded as indolent tumors that are rare to metastasize after surgical resection. Here, we describe a case of a Filipino female who initially presented with unilateral pleural effusion and mass, and was ultimately diagnosed with recurrent solitary fibrous tumor that originated from the abdominal wall...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151900/examining-factors-associated-with-nonadherence-and-identifying-providers-caring-for-nonadherent-subgroups
#18
Deborah A Taira, Brendan K Seto, James W Davis, Todd B Seto, Doug Landsittel, Wesley K Sumida
Objectives: To examine racial/ethnic and regional differences in medication adherence in patients with diabetes taking oral anti-diabetic, anti-hypertensive, and cholesterol lowering medications and to identify the pharmacies and prescribers who serve these communities. Methods: Administrative claims data was analyzed for members enrolled in a large health plan in Hawaii (2008-2010) with diabetes mellitus who were taking three types of medications: 1) oral anti-diabetic medications; 2) anti-hypertensive medications; 3) cholesterol lowering medications (n=5136)...
December 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145940/happy-classes-make-happy-students-classmates-well-being-predicts-individual-student-well-being
#19
Ronnel B King, Jesus Alfonso Datu
Student well-being has mostly been studied as an individual phenomenon with little research investigating how the well-being of one's classmates could influence a student's well-being. The aim of the current study was to examine how the aggregate well-being of students who comprise a class could predict students' subsequent well-being (Time 2 well-being) after controlling for the effects of prior well-being (Time 1 well-being) as well as key demographic variables such as gender and age. Two studies among Filipino secondary school students were conducted...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144892/preventable-tooth-loss-in-hawai-i-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-diabetes-and-dental-visits
#20
Mikako Deguchi, Marjorie K Leimomi Mala Mau, James Davis, Richard Niederman
INTRODUCTION: Tooth preservation in adults and children is one of the Healthy People 2020 goals for oral health. Although the overall prevalence of tooth loss has been declining in the United States, substantial racial/ethnic differences in preventable tooth loss persist as a public health problem. We examined the strength of the association of health risk factors and tooth loss in Hawai'i. METHODS: We used data from the Hawai'i Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey collected from 2011 through 2014...
November 16, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
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