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Suchitra Matsukura, Yuji Nakamura, Kiyotaka Hoshiai, Takashi Hayashi, Tadashi Koga, Ai Goto, Koki Chiba, Nur Jaharat Lubna, Mihoko Hagiwara-Nagasawa, Hiroko Izumi-Nakaseko, Kentaro Ando, Atsuhiko T Naito, Atsushi Sugiyama
Effects of moxifloxacin on QTc as well as proarrhythmic surrogate markers including J-Tpeak c, Tpeak -Tend and short-term variability (STV) of repolarization were examined by using both standard E14 time-based evaluation and exposure-response modeling. The study was conducted with a single-blind, randomized, single-dose, placebo-controlled and two-period cross-over design in healthy Filipino subjects. QT interval was corrected by Fridericia's formula (QTcF). In the E14 time-based evaluation of ECG data, the largest ΔΔQTcF with 90% confidence interval was 14...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Khalid Abdullah Aljohani, Omar Alomari
BACKGROUND: Nurse turnover is a critical challenge for healthcare organizations as it results in a decreasing nurse/patient ratio and increasing costs. AIM: Identify factors influencing the termination of Filipino nurses in Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals and record nurse recommendations to improve retention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Data was gathered from a convenience sample of Filipino nurses with previous experience in MOH hospitals in Saudi Arabia who attended recruitment interviews at the Saudi employment office in Manila...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Michael G Bentz, Nancy Carmona, Manavi M Bhagwat, Lindsay M Thimmig, Jamal Saleh, Uchechukwu Eke, Jolene Kokroko, Rand Dadasovich, Brooke Rice, Michael D Cabana
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines have recognized "Asian" and "East Asian" as risk factors for newborn jaundice and readmission. We sought to identify more detailed and specific, parent-identified races or ethnicities associated with jaundice readmission. METHODS: We conducted a case control study of 653 newborn infants born (2014-2016) at a West-Coast, urban hospital to examine specific parent-described races or ethnicities that are associated with newborn hospital readmissions for hyperbilirubinemia...
April 4, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
Christopher Pham, Tse-Ling Fong, Juanjuan Zhang, Lihua Liu
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is characterized by disparate risk patterns by race/ethnicity. We examined HCC incidence patterns and temporal trends among detailed racial/ethnic populations, including disaggregated Asian-American subgroups. Methods: Using data from the population-based California Cancer Registry, we identified 41 929 invasive HCC cases diagnosed during 1988-2012. Patients were grouped into mutually exclusive racial/ethnic groups of non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black, Hispanic, and NH Asian/Pacific Islander (API), as well as Asian subgroups of Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian, and South Asian...
March 30, 2018: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
H Nicole Tran, Natalia Udaltsova, Yan Li, Arthur L Klatsky
CONTEXT: South Asians (ancestry in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, or Sri Lanka) may have lower cancer risk than other racial-ethnic groups. OBJECTIVE: To supplement published cohort data suggesting low cancer risk in South Asians. DESIGN: Logistic regression models with 7 covariates to study cancer mortality through 2012 in 273,843 persons (1117 South Asians) with baseline examination data from 1964 to 1985. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Cancer mortality...
March 2, 2018: Permanente Journal
Olubukola Ajala, Constance Chik
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Gestational diabetes (GDM) occurs more often in women from certain ethnic groups and is also associated with fetal macrosomia. In this study, we investigated the ability of a gestational diabetes screening test (GDS), the 2hour 75gram-Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in predicting postpartum dysglycemia and fetal macrosomia in women of Caucasian, Filipino, Chinese and South-Asian descent. METHODS: 848 women diagnosed with carbohydrate intolerance in pregnancy who completed a 2hour 75g- OGTT within 6 months postpartum, were included in the study...
March 30, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Nancy P Gordon, Mark C Hornbrook
BACKGROUND: This study examined access to digital technologies, skills and experience, and preferences for using web-based and other digital technologies to obtain health information and advice among older adults in a large health plan. A primary aim was to assess the extent to which digital divides by race/ethnicity and age group might affect the ability of a large percentage of seniors, and especially those in vulnerable groups, to engage with online health information and advice modalities (eHIA) and mobile health (mHealth) monitoring tools...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Janice Y Tsoh, Elisa K Tong, Angela U Sy, Susan L Stewart, Ginny L Gildengorin, Tung T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among Asian Americans is high but not well understood. This study examined correlates of screening intention among Filipino, Hmong, and Korean Americans who were nonadherent to CRC screening. METHODS: Using cross-sectional, preintervention survey data from 504 Asian Americans (115 Filipinos, 185 Hmong, and 204 Koreans) aged 50-75 years who were enrolled in a multisite cluster randomized controlled trial of lay health educator intervention, we analyzed correlates of self-reported CRC screening nonadherence, which was defined as not being up-to-date for fecal occult blood test, sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Charlene F Cuaresma, Angela U Sy, Tung T Nguyen, Reginald C S Ho, Ginny L Gildengorin, Janice Y Tsoh, Angela M Jo, Elisa K Tong, Marjorie Kagawa-Singer, Susan L Stewart
BACKGROUND: Filipino colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates fall below Healthy People 2020 goals. In this study, the authors explore whether a lay health educator (LHE) approach can increase CRC screening among Filipino Americans ages 50 to 75 years in Hawai'i. METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial from 2012 through 2015 compared an intervention, which consisted of LHEs delivering 2 education sessions and 2 telephone follow-up calls on CRC screening plus a CRC brochure versus an attention control, in which 2 lectures and 2 follow-up calls on nutrition and physical activity plus a CRC brochure were provided...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Angela U Sy, Eunjung Lim, Lana Sue Ka'opua, Merle Kataoka-Yahiro, Yumiko Kinoshita, Susan L Stewart
BACKGROUND: Asian American (AA) ethnic subgroups are diverse in socio-economic status, years in the United States, English proficiency, and cultures with different health seeking behaviors and health care access. Fifty-two percent of AAs age ≥50 years had colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) in 2013, compared with 61% of non-Hispanic whites. We hypothesized that CRCS prevalence among AA ethnicities is heterogeneous and that the reasons related to CRCS among AA subgroups are associated with demographic characteristics, acculturation, health care access, and health attitudes...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Mi T Tran, Matthew B Jeong, Vickie V Nguyen, Michael T Sharp, Edgar P Yu, Filmer Yu, Elisa K Tong, Marjorie Kagawa-Singer, Charlene F Cuaresma, Angela U Sy, Janice Y Tsoh, Ginny L Gildengorin, Susan L Stewart, Tung T Nguyen
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, there are few studies to date regarding colorectal cancer (CRC) beliefs, knowledge, and screening among multiple Asian American populations, who are reported to have lower CRC screening rates compared with white individuals. The current study was performed to assess knowledge and beliefs regarding the causes of CRC, its prevention, and factors associated with CRC screening among 3 Asian American groups. METHODS: The authors conducted an in-language survey with Filipino (Honolulu, Hawaii), Hmong (Sacramento, California), and Korean (Los Angeles, California) Americans aged 50 to 75 years who were sampled through social networks...
April 1, 2018: Cancer
Ibrahim Shady
OBJECTIVES: To assess the state of immunity to varicella zoster virus (VZV) and rubella virus (RV) among newly recruited healthcare workers (HCWs) in Kuwait before they begin work, and to determine whether there are differences in the prevalence of seronegativity according to nationality, gender, age group and occupation group. SETTING: This cross-sectional study involved analysis of blood samples from workers newly recruited to the Kuwaiti healthcare system. PARTICIPANTS: All new non- national HCWs recruited during the study period (n=1540)...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Open
Romeo Luis A Macabasag, Michael Joseph S Diño
Caring is considered a unique concept in nursing because it subsumes all intrinsic attributes of nursing as a human helping discipline. Scholars have argued that caring is usually seen as an encounter between nurses and patients, but how about nurses with minimal or absent nurse-patient encounters, like informatics nurses? In this study, we explored the meaning of the phenomenon of caring to present lived experiences of caring, namely caring as actions of coming in between; caring as expressed within embodied relations; and caring and the path traversed by informatics nurses...
April 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
B Maskery, D L Posey, M S Coleman, R Asis, W Zhou, J A Painter, L T Wingate, M Roque, M S Cetron
SETTING: In 2007, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised its tuberculosis (TB) technical instructions for panel physicians who administer mandatory medical examinations among US-bound immigrants. Many US-bound immigrants come from the Philippines, a high TB prevalence country. OBJECTIVE: To quantify economic and health impacts of smear- vs. culture-based TB screening. DESIGN: Decision tree modeling was used to compare three Filipino screening programs: 1) no screening, 2) smear-based screening, and 3) culture-based screening...
April 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Ngoc Huong Lien Ha, Mei Sian Chong, Robin Wai Munn Choo, Wai Jia Tam, Philip Lin Kiat Yap
BACKGROUND: Although foreign domestic workers (FDWs) play a significant role in caring for frail seniors in Singapore and are vulnerable to caregiving burden, there has been little research conducted hitherto. We explored caregiver burden and its determinants in this study. METHODS: FDWs (N = 221, M age = 32.3, SD = 6.23) recruited from a hospital geriatric unit completed the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) administered in English, Bahasa Melayu, or Burmese. Univariate and multivariate regression were employed to investigate factors influencing caregiving burden in FDWs...
March 21, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
Lindsay Zibrik, Alan Huang, Vivian Wong, Helen Novak Lauscher, Queenie Choo, Eric M Yoshida, Kendall Ho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) is prevalent among Asian immigrants in Canada with high morbidity and mortality rates. While some studies have identified barriers to health care and information access, few have studied the impact of culturally relevant information and addressed challenges with recommendations for effective public education and outreach programs. METHODS: Culturally tailored HBV education workshops were delivered over a 12-month period to Chinese, Filipino, Korean and Punjabi immigrants in Lower Mainland, British Columbia (BC)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Sara Y Tartof, Kaitlin Benedict, Fagen Xie, Gunter K Rieg, Kalvin C Yu, Richard Contreras, Jonathan Truong, Kimberlee Fong, Hung Fu Tseng, Steven J Jacobsen, Rajal K Mody
We conducted a cohort study to identify characteristics associated with testing for, and testing positive for, coccidioidomycosis among patients with community-acquired pneumonia in southern California, USA. Limited and delayed testing probably leads to underdiagnosis among non-Hispanic black, Filipino, or Hispanic patients and among high-risk groups, including persons in whom antimicrobial drug therapy has failed.
April 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Grace P Abris, Na-Hui Kim, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Sangmo Hong, Sung Hoon Yu, Chang Beom Lee, Jung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Migration has an influence on health behavior and food intake. Dietary variety is a key component to high-quality diets because a single food item does not contain a variety of nutrients and may not reflect nutritional adequacy. We aimed to compare the dietary diversity scores (DDS), food variety scores (FVS), and nutrient adequacy levels of married Filipino immigrant women in Korea to those of Korean women. METHODS: We matched the data of 474 participants aged 20-57 years from the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL) by age category with those of married Korean women randomly selected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
March 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Rica Dela Cruz, Jeanolivia Grant, Julia E Heck, Haley L Cash
INTRODUCTION: Although other studies have found evidence for perinatal health disparities among Pacific Islanders in other regions, no studies have evaluated racial/ethnic disparities in adverse perinatal health outcomes in the small US island territory of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). METHODS: We used retrospective cohort data on 8,427 singleton births from 2007 to 2014 at the Commonwealth Healthcare Corporation (CHCC), the only hospital in the CNMI...
March 8, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
Chee Wei Yew, Mohd Zahirul Hoque, Jacqueline Pugh-Kitingan, Alexander Minsong, Christopher Lok Yung Voo, Julian Ransangan, Sophia Tiek Ying Lau, Xu Wang, Woei Yuh Saw, Rick Twee-Hee Ong, Yik-Ying Teo, Shuhua Xu, Boon-Peng Hoh, Maude E Phipps, S Vijay Kumar
The region of northern Borneo is home to the current state of Sabah, Malaysia. It is located closest to the southern Philippine islands and may have served as a viaduct for ancient human migration onto or off of Borneo Island. In this study, five indigenous ethnic groups from Sabah were subjected to genome-wide SNP genotyping. These individuals represent the "North Borneo"-speaking group of the great Austronesian family. They have traditionally resided in the inland region of Sabah. The dataset was merged with public datasets, and the genetic relatedness of these groups to neighboring populations from the islands of Southeast Asia, mainland Southeast Asia and southern China was inferred...
March 9, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
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