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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930284/racial-ethnic-differences-in-associations-between-neighborhood-social-cohesion-and-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-united-states-2013-2014
#1
Stella S Yi, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Irene H Yen, Simona C Kwon
INTRODUCTION: Neighborhood factors are increasingly recognized as determinants of health. Neighborhood social cohesion may be associated with physical activity, but previous studies examined data aggregated across racial/ethnic groups. We assessed whether neighborhood social cohesion was associated with physical activity in a nationally representative data set and explored the role of race/ethnicity. METHODS: We combined National Health Interview Survey data from 2013 and 2014 (n = 64,754) and constructed a neighborhood social cohesion score by summing responses to 4 questions...
December 8, 2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919516/a-newly-assembled-human-skeletal-reference-collection-of-modern-and-identified-filipinos
#2
Matthew C Go, Amanda B Lee, Jana Andrea D Santos, Nicole Marie C Vesagas, Rebecca Crozier
A collection of 75 modern skeletons from the Philippines has recently been created, and is being housed at the Archaeological Studies Program of the University of the Philippines, Diliman, Philippines. All individuals lived during the 20th century, and almost all died within the 21st century. These individuals were accessioned from exhumed and abandoned tombs at the Manila North Cemetery, and most have documented age and sex from tombstone inscriptions. This paper describes the first season of recovery and the collection's current demographic composition, with the future addition of more individuals to the collection expected to follow...
November 25, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909694/2015-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidemia-in-the-philippines-executive-summary-dyslipidemia-guidelines-2015
#3
Adriel E Guerrero
The Philippine Heart Association, the Philippine Lipid and Atherosclerosis Society, and the Philippine Society of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, collaborated to develop the 2015 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2015 CPG). These guidelines are meant to update the 2005 Clinical Practice Guidelines on the Management of Dyslipidemia in the Philippines (2005 CPG). A panel of experts in the fields of dyslipidemia, cardiology, endocrinology and epidemiology were assembled to comprise the technical research committee (TRC) tasked to review available clinical evidence on dyslipidemia management...
October 2016: ASEAN Heart Journal: Official Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905209/distinguishing-between-primary-and-secondary-racial-identification-in-analyses-of-health-disparities-of-a-multiracial-population-in-hawaii
#4
Andrew Wey, James Davis, Deborah Taira Juarez, Tetine Sentell
OBJECTIVE: To examine the importance of distinguishing between primary and secondary racial identification in analyzing health disparities in a multiracial population. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 2012 Hawaii Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (H-BRFSS). As part of the survey, respondents were asked to identify all their races, and then which race they considered to be their primary race. We introduce two analytic approaches to investigate the association between multiracial status and general health: (1) including two separate dichotomous variables for each racial group (primary and secondary race; for example, 'primary Native Hawaiian' and, separately, 'secondary Native Hawaiian'), and (2) including one combined variable for anyone choosing a particular racial group, whether as primary or secondary race ('combined race'; e...
December 1, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882291/comparison-of-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-waist-to-height-ratio-in-the-prediction-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-filipino-american-women-cardiovascular-study
#5
Cynthia A Battie, Nancy Borja-Hart, Irma B Ancheta, Rene Flores, Goutham Rao, Latha Palaniappan
The relative ability of three obesity indices to predict hypertension (HTN) and diabetes (DM) and the validity of using Asian-specific thresholds of these indices were examined in Filipino-American women (FAW). Filipino-American women (n = 382), 40-65 years of age were screened for hypertension (HTN) and diabetes (DM) in four major US cities. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist circumference to height ratio (WHtR) were measured. ROC analyses determined that the three obesity measurements were similar in predicting HTN and DM (AUC: 0...
December 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880626/psychological-sequelae-of-the-2013-super-typhoon-haiyan-among-survivor-responders
#6
Christian S Chan, Kristen N S Tang, Brian J Hall, Simmy Y T Yip, Melba Maggay
OBJECTIVE: Super Typhoon Haiyan (known as Yolanda in the Philippines), one of the strongest tropical cyclones recorded in history, made landfall in the Philippines in November 2013. This cross-sectional study examined the psychological impact of the typhoon and its aftermath, as well as the impact of individual typhoon-related stressors among a group of survivor-responders. METHOD: A total of 192 Filipino adult survivors who were also disaster-relief responders and 45 unaffected disaster-relief responders (N = 237) completed a questionnaire that assessed their general psychological distress (GPD), symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTS), and disaster experiences 1...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872671/effects-of-religious-priming-concepts-on-prosocial-behavior-towards-ingroup-and-outgroup
#7
Jame Bryan L Batara, Pamela S Franco, Mequia Angelo M Quiachon, Dianelle Rose M Sembrero
Several studies show that there is a connection between religion and prosociality (e.g., Saroglou, 2013). To investigate whether there is a causal relationship between these two variables, a growing number of scholars employed priming religious concepts and measure its influence on prosocial behavior (e.g., Pichon, Boccato, & Saroglou, 2007). In the recent development of religious priming, Ritter and Preston (2013) argued that different primes (agent prime, spiritual/abstract prime, and institutional prime) may also have varying influence on prosocial behavior specifically helping an ingroup or an outgroup target...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855577/an-examination-of-responses-to-surveys-among-filipino-australian-migrants
#8
Della Maneze, Bronwyn Everett, Michelle DiGiacomo, Patricia M Davidson, Yenna Salamonson
Background Surveys are frequently used to collect data. Although paper surveys are commonly used, online surveys are gaining in popularity, with the inclusion of open-ended questions (OEQs) allowing respondents to freely express their views. Little is known about how Filipino-Australian migrants respond to surveys. There is some concern about the usefulness of OEQs administered to culturally and linguistically diverse migrants, who may have limited capacity to articulate their thoughts in writing. Aim To examine the responses of Filipino-Australian migrants to a survey...
November 18, 2016: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832511/communication-about-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-perspective-of-filipino-families
#9
Peter James B Abad, Cora A Anonuevo, Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Lorna R Abad, Carmencita D Padilla, Mercy Y Laurino
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), like other genetic conditions, is a relational disease from both the biological and psychosocial perspectives since the diagnosis gives rise to a variety of health, reproductive, and psychosocial implications. It is in these contexts that family communication of genetic information is important to study. Hence, this research aimed to explore genetic information communication in Filipino families affected with CAH. Using a qualitative descriptive design, families with a child affected with CAH were recruited through the CAH parent support group and were interviewed...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822934/births-to-parents-with-asian-origins-in-the-united-states-1992-2012
#10
Do Hyun Kim, Jihyun Jeon, Chang Gi Park, Sudhir Sriram, Kwang Sun Lee
Despite a remarkable increase in Asian births in the U.S., studies on their birth outcomes have been lacking. We investigated outcomes of births to Asian parents and biracial Asian/White parents in the U.S. From the U.S. birth data (1992-2012), we selected singleton births to Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Asian Indian, and Vietnamese. These births were divided into three groups; births to White mother/Asian father, Asian mother/White father, and births to the both ethnic Asian parents. We compared birth outcomes of these 18 subgroups to those of the White mother/White father group...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807427/developing-the-own-race-advantage-in-4-6-and-9-month-old-taiwanese-infants-a-perceptual-learning-perspective
#11
Sarina Hui-Lin Chien, Jing-Fong Wang, Tsung-Ren Huang
Previous infant studies on the other-race effect have favored the perceptual narrowing view, or declined sensitivities to rarely exposed other-race faces. Here we wish to provide an alternative possibility, perceptual learning, manifested by improved sensitivity for frequently exposed own-race faces in the first year of life. Using the familiarization/visual-paired comparison paradigm, we presented 4-, 6-, and 9-month-old Taiwanese infants with oval-cropped Taiwanese, Caucasian, Filipino faces, and each with three different manipulations of increasing task difficulty (i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799062/middle-ear-microbiome-differences-in-indigenous-filipinos-with-chronic-otitis-media-due-to-a-duplication-in-the-a2ml1-gene
#12
Regie Lyn P Santos-Cortez, Diane S Hutchinson, Nadim J Ajami, Ma Rina T Reyes-Quintos, Ma Leah C Tantoco, Patrick John Labra, Sheryl Mae Lagrana, Melquiadesa Pedro, Erasmo Gonzalo D V Llanes, Teresa Luisa Gloria-Cruz, Abner L Chan, Eva Maria Cutiongco-de la Paz, John W Belmont, Tasnee Chonmaitree, Generoso T Abes, Joseph F Petrosino, Suzanne M Leal, Charlotte M Chiong
BACKGROUND: Previously rare A2ML1 variants were identified to confer otitis media susceptibility in an indigenous Filipino community and in otitis-prone US children. The goal of this study is to describe differences in the middle ear microbiome between carriers and non-carriers of an A2ML1 duplication variant that increases risk for chronic otitis media among indigenous Filipinos with poor health care access. METHODS: Ear swabs were obtained from 16 indigenous Filipino individuals with chronic otitis media, of whom 11 carry the A2ML1 duplication variant...
November 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794482/the-role-of-testosterone-in-coordinating-male-life-history-strategies-the-moderating-effects-of-the-androgen-receptor-cag-repeat-polymorphism
#13
Lee T Gettler, Calen P Ryan, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M Geoffrey Hayes, Alan B Feranil, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa
Partnered fathers often have lower testosterone than single non-parents, which is theorized to relate to elevated testosterone (T) facilitating competitive behaviors and lower T contributing to nurturing. Cultural- and individual-factors moderate the expression of such psychobiological profiles. Less is known about genetic variation's role in individual psychobiological responses to partnering and fathering, particularly as related to T. We examined the exon 1 CAG (polyglutamine) repeat (CAGn) within the androgen receptor (AR) gene...
October 26, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784971/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treatment-and-survival-in-california-1988-2012
#14
Susan L Stewart, Sandy L Kwong, Christopher L Bowlus, Tung T Nguyen, Annette E Maxwell, Roshan Bastani, Eric W Chak, Moon S Chen
AIM: To describe racial/ethnic differences in treatment and survival among liver cancer patients in a population-based cancer registry. METHODS: Invasive cases of primary hepatocellular carcinoma, n = 33270, diagnosed between January 1, 1988-December 31, 2012 and reported to the California Cancer Registry were analyzed by race/ethnicity, age, gender, geographical region, socio-economic status, time period of diagnosis, stage, surgical treatment, and survival. Patients were classified into 15 racial/ethnic groups: non-Hispanic White (White, n = 12710), Hispanic (n = 8500), Chinese (n = 2723), non-Hispanic Black (Black, n = 2609), Vietnamese (n = 2063), Filipino (n = 1479), Korean (n = 1099), Japanese (n = 658), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN, n = 281), Laotian/Hmong (n = 244), Cambodian (n = 233), South Asian (n = 190), Hawai`ian/Pacific Islander (n = 172), Thai (n = 95), and Other Asian (n = 214)...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784824/durability-of-the-beneficial-effect-of-mlc601-neuroaid%C3%A2-on-functional-recovery-among-stroke-patients-from-the-philippines-in-the-chimes-and-chimes-e-studies
#15
Jose C Navarro, Christopher Lh Chen, Chun F Lee, Herminigildo H Gan, Annabelle Y Lao, Alejandro C Baroque, John Harold B Hiyadan, Carlos L Chua, Ma Cristina San Jose, Joel M Advincula, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A pre-specified country analysis of subjects from the Philippines in the CHInese Medicine NeuroAiD Efficacy on Stroke recovery (CHIMES) Study showed significantly improved functional and neurological outcomes on MLC601 at month (M) 3. We aimed to assess these effects on long-term functional recovery in the Filipino cohort. METHODS: The CHIMES-E (extension) Study evaluated subjects who completed three months of randomized placebo-controlled treatment in CHIMES up to two years...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777056/validity-and-reliability-of-the-filipino-reflux-symptom-index
#16
José Florencio F Lapeña, Giancarla Marie C Ambrocio, Ryner Jose D Carrillo
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to establish validity and reliability of the Filipino Reflux Symptom Index (FRSI) and to test it among patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) before and after 6 months' trial of rabeprazole. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study was carried out. METHODS: There were 35 LPR patients and 30 controls who were twice-administered the FRSI and Filipino Voice Handicap Index (FVHI) for test-retest reliability, and videostroboscopy was performed to obtain baseline reflux finding scores (RFSs)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771960/early-onset-of-type-2-diabetes-among-visible-minority-and-immigrant-populations-in-canada
#17
Eric Y Tenkorang
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects nearly over three million Canadians, including immigrants. The timing of the first onset of diabetes has been linked to several other severe diseases. Yet, there is a dearth of empirical studies that examine the timing of the first onset of diabetes among Canadians, in general, and among immigrants and ethnic minority populations within Canada, in particular. DESIGN: Applying event history techniques to the 2013 Canadian Community and Health Survey, we address this research void by examining factors that contribute to the first onset of diabetes among immigrant and visible minority populations in Canada (N = 8905)...
October 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764238/distribution-of-di-a-and-di-b-allele-frequencies-and-comparisons-among-central-thai-and-other-populations
#18
Oytip Nathalang, Puangpaka Panichrum, Kamphon Intharanut, Phatchira Thattanon, Siriporn Nathalang
Alloantibodies to the Diego (DI) blood group system, anti-Dia and anti-Dib are clinically significant in causing hemolytic transfusion reactions (HTRs) and hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), especially in Asian populations with Mongolian ancestry. This study aimed to report the frequency of the DI*A and DI*B alleles in a Central Thai population and to compare them with those of other populations previously published. Altogether, 1,011 blood samples from unrelated healthy blood donors at the National Blood Centre, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok were included...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761412/plasma-amino-acid-and-urine-organic-acid-profiles-of-filipino-patients-with-maple-syrup-urine-disease-msud-and-correlation-with-their-neurologic-features
#19
Mary Anne D Chiong, Marilyn A Tan, Cynthia P Cordero, Esphie Grace D Fodra, Judy S Manliguis, Cristine P Lopez, Leslie Michelle M Dalmacio
BACKGROUND: Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is the most common inborn error of metabolism in the country. The cause of the neuropathology is still not well established although accumulation of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) and alteration in large neutral amino acids (LNAA) as well as energy deprivation are suggested. It is therefore the aim of this study to determine the plasma amino acid and urine organic acid profiles of patients with MSUD and correlate the findings with their neurologic features...
December 2016: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757693/hospitalization-rates-for-acute-myocardial-infarction-among-asian-american-subgroups-have-we-been-underestimating-the-problem
#20
Rosette J Chakkalakal, Justin P Fox, Jeremy C Green, Marcella Nunez-Smith, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Romana Hasnain-Wynia
Concerns about the quality of race/ethnicity data collected by hospitals have limited our understanding of healthcare disparities affecting ethnic minorities in the United States. Using data from the New Jersey State Inpatient Databases and the American Community Survey, we calculated age-adjusted AMI hospitalization rates for Asian-American subgroups before (2005-2006) and after (2008-2009) New Jersey hospitals implemented standardized practices to collect more accurate granular race/ethnicity data from patients...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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