keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

OPT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223480/enlisting-the-willing-a-study-of-healthcare-professional-initiated-and-opt-in-biobanking-consent-reveals-improvement-opportunities-throughout-the-registration-process
#1
Elizabeth A Fradgley, Shu Er Chong, Martine E Cox, Christine L Paul, Craig Gedye
Biobanking consent processes should accord with patients' preferences and be offered in a consistent and systematic manner. However, these aims can be difficult to achieve under healthcare professionals' (HCPs) time-constrained workflows, resulting in low participation rates. This current perspective provides a brief overview of HCP involvement in consent and reports new data on participant attrition at each step of the biobanking consent process as experienced by 113 patients at an Australian tertiary cancer centre...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222081/media-consumption-and-creation-in-attitudes-toward-and-knowledge-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-web-based-survey
#2
Jacob Groshek, Miles Basil, Ling Guo, Sarah Parker Ward, Francis A Farraye, Jason Reich
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 5 million people globally and 1.6 million in the United States but currently lacks a precisely determined cause or cure. The range of symptoms IBD patients experience are often debilitating, and the societal stigmas associated with some such symptoms can further degrade their quality of life. Better understanding the nature of this public reproach then is a critical component for improving awareness campaigns and, ultimately, the experiences of IBD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221485/exploring-the-characteristics-of-patients-with-mesothelioma-who-chose-active-symptom-control-over-chemotherapy-as-first-line-treatment-a-prospective-observational-single-centre-study
#3
Anna C Bibby, Duneesha De Fonseka, Anna J Morley, Emma Keenan, Alfredo Addeo, Sarah Smith, Anthony J Edey, Nick A Maskell
BACKGROUND: Mesothelioma is an aggressive thoracic tumour with a poor prognosis. The only treatment that extends survival is chemotherapy. However, in the UK, up to 50% of patients who are suitable for chemotherapy choose not to receive it, opting for active symptom control instead. The aim of this prospective, single-centre observational study was to describe the characteristics of patients who chose active symptom control over chemotherapy and explore their reasons for doing so. METHODS: Two hundred consecutive patients with mesothelioma from one UK centre were included...
December 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216148/temporal-spectrum-of-beam-wander-for-gaussian-schell-model-beams-propagating-in-atmospheric-turbulence-with-finite-outer-scale-publisher-s-note
#4
Chunyi Chen, Huamin Yang
This publisher's note corrects a typo in the title in Opt. Lett.38, 1887 (2013)OPLEDP0146-959210.1364/OL.38.001887.
December 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216121/surface-nanoscale-axial-photonics-at-a-capillary-fiber-publisher-s-note
#5
T Hamidfar, A Dmitriev, B Mangan, P Bianucci, M Sumetsky
This publisher's note corrects the surname of one of the authors of Opt. Lett.42, 3060 (2017)OPLEDP0146-959210.1364/OL.42.003060.
December 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216113/scaled-model-guidelines-for-solar-coronagraphs-external-occulters-with-an-optimized-shape
#6
Federico Landini, Cristian Baccani, Hagen Schweitzer, Daniel Asoubar, Marco Romoli, Matteo Taccola, Mauro Focardi, Maurizio Pancrazzi, Silvano Fineschi
One of the major challenges faced by externally occulted solar coronagraphs is the suppression of the light diffracted by the occulter edge. It is a contribution to the stray light that overwhelms the coronal signal on the focal plane and must be reduced by modifying the geometrical shape of the occulter. There is a rich literature, mostly experimental, on the appropriate choice of the most suitable shape. The problem arises when huge coronagraphs, such as those in formation flight, shall be tested in a laboratory...
December 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216106/full-four-dimensional-and-reciprocal-mueller-matrix-bidirectional-reflectance-distribution-function-of-sintered-polytetrafluoroethylene
#7
Thomas A Germer
We measured the Mueller matrix bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) of a sintered polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sample over the scattering hemisphere for six incident angles (0°-75° in 15° steps) and for four wavelengths (351 nm, 532 nm, 633 nm, and 1064 nm). The data for each wavelength were fit to a phenomenological description for the Mueller matrix BRDF, which is an extension of the bidirectional surface scattering modes developed by Koenderink and van Doorn [J. Opt. Soc. Am. A.15, 2903 (1998)JOAOD60740-323210...
November 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215654/age-and-perceived-risks-and-benefits-of-preventive-genomic-screening
#8
Margaret Waltz, R Jean Cadigan, Anya E R Prince, Debra Skinner, Gail E Henderson
PurposeAs genome sequencing moves from research to clinical practice, sequencing technologies focused on "medically actionable" targets are being promoted for preventive screening despite the dearth of systematic evidence of risks and benefits and of criteria for selection of screening subjects. This study investigates researchers' and research participants' perceptions of these issues within the context of a preventive genomic screening study, GeneScreen.MethodsWe recorded researcher deliberations regarding age eligibility criteria and the risks and benefits of screening, and conducted interviews with 50 GeneScreen participants about their motivations for joining and their perceptions of risks and benefits...
December 7, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211884/impact-of-current-and-past-cancer-history-on-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-kumamoto-university-malignancy-and-atherosclerosis-kuma-study
#9
Noriaki Tabata, Daisuke Sueta, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Yuichiro Arima, Satoshi Araki, Kenshi Yamanaga, Masanobu Ishii, Kenji Sakamoto, Hisanori Kanazawa, Koichiro Fujisue, Shinsuke Hanatani, Hirofumi Soejima, Seiji Hokimoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Hiroshige Yamabe, Koichi Kaikita, Kenichi Tsujita
Background: As progress is made in successfully treating cancer, there is increasing need to focus on the risk and complexity of treating cardiovascular events in cancer survivors - thus, the field of onco-cardiology/cardio-oncology has emerged. We examined the differential incidence of cardiovascular events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with or without cancer. Methods and Results: Participants were divided into a non-cancer group and a cancer group, which consisted of patients who were receiving or had ever received cancer treatment...
December 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211657/open-to-air-is-a-viable-option-for-initial-wound-care-in-necrotizing-soft-tissue-infection-that-allows-early-detection-of-recurrence-without-need-for-painful-dressing-changes-or-return-to-operating-room
#10
Derek Yang, April Davies, Bailey Burge, Phillip Watkins, Sharmila Dissanaike
BACKGROUND: The standard treatment of necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) includes extensive surgical debridement. Care of these debridements is challenging because of the size of the wound and associated pain. A potential solution is to leave the wounds open-to-air in the period after the initial debridement, allowing for regular inspection at bedside while reducing pain associated with frequent dressing changes. We evaluated the feasibility of this approach from a pain control standpoint...
December 6, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210687/identification-and-risk-assessment-of-human-and-veterinary-antibiotics-in-the-wastewater-treatment-plants-and-the-adjacent-sea-in-tunisia
#11
Leyla Tahrani, Joris Van Loco, Roel Anthonissen, Luc Verschaeve, Hedi Ben Mansour, Tim Reyns
In the following study, we came up with and validated a prompt, sensitive and precise method for the simultaneous determination of 56 antimicrobial drugs (tetracyclines, sulfonamides, β-lactams, macrolides and quinolones) using the ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). This method was implemented with success to determine antibiotics in samples collected from four wastewater treatment plants and five coasts in Tunisia. Results showed the presence of high concentrations of antibiotics that ranged from 0...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209740/early-deficits-in-insulin-secretion-beta-cell-mass-and-islet-blood-perfusion-precede-onset-of-autoimmune-type-1-diabetes-in-biobreeding-rats
#12
Anya Medina, Saba Parween, Sara Ullsten, Neelanjan Vishnu, Yuk Ting Siu, My Quach, Hedvig Bennet, Alexander Balhuizen, Lina Åkesson, Nils Wierup, Per Ola Carlsson, Ulf Ahlgren, Åke Lernmark, Malin Fex
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Genetic studies show coupling of genes affecting beta cell function to type 1 diabetes, but hitherto no studies on whether beta cell dysfunction could precede insulitis and clinical onset of type 1 diabetes are available. METHODS: We used 40-day-old BioBreeding (BB) DRLyp/Lyp rats (a model of spontaneous autoimmune type 1 diabetes) and diabetes-resistant DRLyp/+ and DR+/+ littermates (controls) to investigate beta cell function in vivo, and insulin and glucagon secretion in vitro...
December 6, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208610/welsh-opt-out-law-fails-to-increase-organ-donations
#13
Nigel Hawkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208440/radiotherapy-in-the-setting-of-breast-reconstruction-types-techniques-and-timing
#14
REVIEW
Alice Y Ho, Zishuo I Hu, Babak J Mehrara, Edwin G Wilkins
As the use of breast reconstruction and postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) has increased over the past decade, the typical approach to integrating radiotherapy with breast reconstruction has provoked intense controversy in the management of breast cancer. PMRT can lead to an increased frequency of complications in the reconstructed breast. Conversely, the reconstructed breast can increase the complexity of radiotherapy delivery. How to minimise the frequency of complications without compromising oncological or cosmetic outcomes of the reconstructed breast is an important shared multidisciplinary goal for oncologists and their patients...
December 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207930/the-rise-and-fall-of-an-opt-out-system
#15
Francisca Nordfalk, Klaus Hoeyer
INTRODUCTION: In Denmark, citizens participate in register-based research without the possibility of opting out. However, in 1995 it was made possible for Danish citizens to register an opt-out called 'researcher protection' [ forskerbeskyttelse], which implied that researchers could not contact people to invite them to participate in research projects, such as clinical trials or questionnaries, based on their registrations in national registers. Data already registered could still be used for research...
December 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202860/a-giant-popliteal-lipoblastoma-in-a-23-month-old-girl-a-case-report
#16
Shogo Hashimoto, Kazutaka Kikuta, Tetsuya Sekita, Robert Nakayama, Shinichiro Takayama, Aya Sasaki, Kaori Kameyama, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Hideo Morioka
BACKGROUND: Lipoblastomas are rare benign tumors that arise from embryonic white fat and almost always occur in babies and children. Here, we report a case of a giant popliteal lipoblastoma in a 23-month-old Japanese girl that was successfully treated via complete resection. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient was a 23-month-old Japanese girl. At 6 months of age, she presented at a nearby hospital with a mass on the popliteal side of her lower right leg. She had no symptoms and was diagnosed as having a benign adipose tumor via magnetic resonance imaging...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201475/a-rare-case-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-with-osseous-metastases
#17
Rubens Barros Costa, Ricardo Costa, Jason Kaplan, Marcelo Rocha Cruz, Hiral Shah, Maria Matsangou, Benedito Carneiro
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common malignant primary central nervous system neoplasm in adults. It has a very aggressive natural history with a median overall survival estimated at 14.6 months despite multimodality treatment. Extracranial metastases are very rare with few case reports published to date. We report the case of a 65-year-old male who underwent maximal safe resection for a newly diagnosed brain mass after presentation with new neurologic symptoms. He then received standard postsurgical adjuvant treatment for glioblastoma...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200474/personal-preference-of-mode-of-delivery-what-do-urogynaecologists-choose-preliminary-results-of-the-decision-study
#18
Julia Bihler, Ralf Tunn, Christl Reisenauer, Jan Pauluschke-Fröhlich, Philipp Wagner, Harald Abele, Katharina K Rall, Gert Naumann, Markus Wallwiener, Sara Y Brucker, Markus Hübner
Introduction: Currently, almost every third child in Germany is delivered by caesarean section. Apart from straightforward and clear indications for caesarean section which account for approx. 10%, the large proportion of relative indications in particular needs to be critically reviewed if the current C-section rate is to be effectively lowered. It is more than doubtful, however, whether this can be a realistic goal in Germany, especially in the context of international developments...
November 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199728/testicular-seminoma-are-clinical-features-and-treatment-outcomes-any-different-in-india
#19
M Anjanappa, A Kumar, S Mathews, J Joseph, K M Jagathnathkrishna, F V James
AIM: This study aims to identify clinical features, treatment outcomes, and prognostic factors for relapse and survival in patients with testicular seminoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with pure seminoma treated at our center during over a decade (January 2005-December 2014) was carried out. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and treatment details and pattern of recurrence were recorded in a structured format, and disease-free survival and overall survival were calculated...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198717/seatbelt-paths-of-the-pregnant-women-sitting-in-the-rear-seat-of-a-motor-vehicle
#20
Masahito Hitosugi, Takeshi Koseki, Yuka Kinugasa, Tomokazu Hariya, Genta Maeda, Yasuki Motozawa
PURPOSE: Seatbelt use during pregnancy is important to improve maternal and fetal survival after motor vehicle collisions. However, because the rear seatbelt of a motor vehicle tends to make contact with the neck, even if it is adequately used, some pregnant women sitting in the rear seat opt not to fasten the belt. The purpose of this study is to explore seatbelt-neck contact for pregnant women sitting in the rear seat of a motor vehicle. METHODS: We carried out an anthropometric study...
November 4, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
keyword
keyword
24566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"