keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

OPT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227372/multimodal-embryonic-imaging-using-optical-coherence-tomography-selective-plane-illumination-microscopy-and-optical-projection-tomography
#1
M Singh, C Wu, D Mayerich, M E Dickinson, I V Larina, K V Larin, M Singh, C Wu, D Mayerich, M E Dickinson, I V Larina, K V Larin, I V Larina, M Singh, K V Larin, D Mayerich, M E Dickinson, C Wu
The murine model is commonly utilized for studying developmental diseases. Different optical techniques have been developed to image mouse embryos, but each has its own set of limitations and restrictions. In this study, we compare the performance of the well-established technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to the relatively new methods of selective plane illumination microscopy (SPIM) and optical projection tomography (OPT) to assess murine embryonic development. OCT can provide label free high resolution images of the mouse embryo, but suffers from light attenuation that limits visualization of deeper structures...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222834/acute-and-chronic-outcomes-of-gas-bubble-disease-in-a-colony-of-african-clawed-frogs-xenopus-laevis
#2
Julia Y Tsai, Stephen A Felt, Donna M Bouley, Sherril L Green
Gas-bubble disease occurs in aquatic species that are exposed to water that is supersaturated with gases. In February 2007, municipal water supersaturated with gas was inadvertently pumped into the vivarium's aquatic housing systems and affected approximately 450 adult female Xenopus laevis. The inflow of supersaturated water was stopped immediately, the holding tanks aggressively aerated, and all experimental manipulations and feeding ceased. Within the first 6 h after the event, morbidity approached 90%, and mortality reached 3...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220558/supporting-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-continuous-subcutaneous-insulin-infusion-therapy-difficulties-disconnections-and-disarray
#3
Lin Perry, Steven James, Robyn Gallagher, Janet Dunbabin, Katharine Steinbeck, Julia Lowe
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Use of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy in type 1 diabetes management is high. However, the incorporation of this technology into self-care is not without challenges, and the support of an appropriately skilled health care team is recommended. This study aimed to examine the support context for patients using continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion therapy from the health care professional perspective, as well as contextual influences for health care professionals and their patients...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219020/anthropometrics-at-birth-and-risk-of-a-primary-central-nervous-system-tumour-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Marios K Georgakis, Eleni I Kalogirou, Athanasios Liaskas, Maria A Karalexi, Paraskevi Papathoma, Kyriaki Ladopoulou, Maria Kantzanou, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Eleni Th Petridou
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of primary central nervous system (CNS) tumours remains largely unknown, but their childhood peak points to perinatal parameters as tentative risk factors. In this meta-analysis, we opted to quantitatively synthesise published evidence on the association between birth anthropometrics and risk of primary CNS tumour. METHODS: Eligible studies were identified via systematic literature review; random-effects meta-analyses were conducted for the effect of birth weight and size-for-gestational-age on childhood and adult primary CNS tumours; subgroup, sensitivity, meta-regression and dose-response by birth weight category analyses were also performed...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217538/prevalence-of-facial-asymmetry-in-tirupati-population-a-posteroanterior-cephalometric-and-photographic-study
#5
M Radhika Reddy, Srinivasa R Bogavilli, V Raghavendra, Venkata S Polina, Shaik Z Basha, R Preetham
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The human face is the most prominent aspect in human social interactions, and therefore, it seems reasonable opting for orthodontic treatment is to overcome psychosocial difficulties relating to facial and dental appearance and enhance the quality of life in doing so. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Posteroanterior cephalograms and frontal photographs of 100 participants (50 males and 50 females) were analyzed to evaluate skeletal asymmetry by the analysis suggested by Grummons...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217067/septo-optic-dysplasia-de-morsier-s-syndrome
#6
Pedro Reis, Joana Mourão
Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD)/de Morsier's syndrome is characterized by optic nerve hypoplasia, pituitary endocrine dysfunction, and midline brain abnormalities. Hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, and adrenal insufficiency can lead to severe hypoglycemia, adrenal crisis, seizures, and sudden death. Anesthetic management of SOD was associated with high perioperative mortality. A 9-year-old male child proposed for dental treatments/extractions. Medical history of SOD with hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, and delayed psychomotor development was observed...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214219/perpetuating-stigma-or-reducing-risk-perspectives-from-naloxone-consumers-and-pharmacists-on-pharmacy-based-naloxone-in-2-states
#7
Traci C Green, Patricia Case, Haley Fiske, Janette Baird, Shachan Cabral, Dina Burstein, Victoriana Schwartz, Nathan Potter, Alexander Y Walley, Jeffrey Bratberg
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about attitudes of pharmacists and consumers to pharmacy naloxone. We examined perceptions and experiences of pharmacy naloxone from people with opioid use disorder, patients taking chronic opioids for pain, caregivers of opioid users, and pharmacists from 2 early pharmacy naloxone adopter states: Massachusetts and Rhode Island. DESIGN: Eight focus groups (4 per state) were held in October to December 2015. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were recruited from pharmacies, health clinics, and community organizations; pharmacists were recruited from professional organizations and pharmacy colleges...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213850/gamma-hydroxybutyrate-ghb-content-in-hair-samples-correlates-negatively-with-age-in-succinic-semialdehyde-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#8
S S Johansen, X Wang, D Sejer Pedersen, P L Pearl, J-B Roullet, G R Ainslie, K R Vogel, K M Gibson
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a drug of abuse, an approved therapeutic for narcolepsy, an agent employed for facilitation of sexual assault, as well as a biomarker of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency (SSADHD). Our laboratory seeks to identify surrogate biomarkers in SSADHD that can shed light on the developmental course of this neurometabolic disease. Since GHB may be quantified in hair as a potential surrogate to identify victims of drug-related assault, we have opted to examine its level in SSADHD...
February 18, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210554/preoperative-psychosocial-characteristics-may-predict-body-image-and-sexuality-two-years-after-risk-reducing-mastectomy-a-prospective-study
#9
Dmytro Unukovych, Hemming Johansson, Yvonne Brandberg
BACKGROUND: Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in patients at high risk has become more available and the rates of both bilateral (BRRM) and contralateral (CRRM) procedures are increasing. For women opting for RRM, psychosocial well-being, body image and sexuality are known to be important patient-reported outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate baseline health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and emotional distress (anxiety and depression) as predictors of body image and sexuality two years after RRM in women undergoing CRRM and BRRM...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209646/rete-mirabile-associated-with-pial-arteriovenous-fistula-imaging-features-with-literature-review
#10
Prabath Kumar Mondel, Rashmi Saraf, Uday S Limaye
A rete mirabile is a vascular network of intercommunicating small arteries or arterioles that replace the definitive adult artery supplying the brain. It supplies the brain in lower mammals but is not seen in normal human embryological development. A 26-year-old man presented with worsening tinnitus that was interfering with his sleep. On CT and digital subtraction angiography he was found to have a temporal lobe pial arteriovenous fistula with bilateral carotid and vertebral rete mirabile. The patient was offered open surgical and endovascular treatment options for pial arteriovenous fistula but he refused both and opted for conservative medical management...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209187/perceptions-and-experiences-of-pregnant-women-about-routine-hiv-testing-and-counselling-in-ghimbi-town-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#11
Israel Mitiku, Adamu Addissie, Mitike Molla
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has implemented routine HIV testing and counselling using a provider initiated HIV testing ('opt-out' approach) to achieve high coverage of testing and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. However, women's perceptions and experiences with this approach have not been well studied. We conducted a qualitative study to explore pregnant women's perceptions and experiences of routine HIV testing and counselling in Ghimbi town, Ethiopia, in May 2013. In-depth interviews were held with 28 women tested for HIV at antenatal clinics (ANC), as well as four health workers involved in routine HIV testing and counselling...
February 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209145/state-budget-transfers-to-health-insurance-to-expand-coverage-to-people-outside-formal-sector-work-in-latin-america
#12
Inke Mathauer, Thorsten Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Contributory social health insurance for formal sector employees only has proven challenging for moving towards universal health coverage (UHC). This is because the informally employed and the poor usually remain excluded. One way to expand UHC is to fully or partially subsidize health insurance contributions for excluded population groups through government budget transfers. This paper analyses the institutional design features of such government subsidization arrangements in Latin America and assesses their performance with respect to UHC progress...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207178/dental-development-in-down-syndrome-and-healthy-children-a-comparative-study-using-the-demirjian-method
#13
M S van der Linden, S Vucic, D J F van Marrewijk, E M Ongkosuwito
OBJECTIVE: In children with Down syndrome, the timing of dental eruption is important for orthodontics treatment planning. Aim of this study was to determine whether tooth eruption and development of the dentition in children with Down syndrome are impaired. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Dental development was scored on orthopantomograms (OPTs) of 95 children with Down syndrome. The dental age was determined at the left mandibular side according to the Demirjian method and by converting the assigned scores to the dental maturity score...
February 16, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203309/a-recurrent-case-of-pentalogy-of-cantrell-a-rare-case-with-sonological-findings-and-review-of-literature
#14
Srinivas M Naren Satya, Kamala Retnam Mayilvaganan, Ivvala Sai Prathyusha, Munnangi Satya Gautam, Deepthi Raidu, V N Amogh
BACKGROUND: Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC) is an extremely rare and complex congenital anomaly. Ultrasound is a valuable, safe, nonionizing, cost effective, widely available, and easily reproducible imaging tool and is indispensible in the diagnosis of POC. Despite the rarity of POC, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of its wide spectrum of presentation on ultrasound in first trimester of gestation. Most reported cases in literature till now have been sporadic. In this paper, we aimed to report for the first time in literature, a recurrent case of POC detected in the first trimester in a mother whose previous pregnancy also was terminated in the second trimester medically due to the ultrasound diagnosis of POC...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202783/evaluation-of-a-complex-healthcare-intervention-to-increase-smoking-cessation-in-pregnant-women-interrupted-time-series-analysis-with-economic-evaluation
#15
Ruth Bell, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Zelda van der Waal, Andrew Close, Eoin Moloney, Susan Jones, Vera Araújo-Soares, Sharon Hamilton, Eugene Mg Milne, Janet Shucksmith, Luke Vale, Martyn Willmore, Martin White, Steven Rushton
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a complex intervention to improve referral and treatment of pregnant smokers in routine practice, and to assess the incremental costs to the National Health Service (NHS) per additional woman quitting smoking. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis of routine data before and after introducing the intervention, within-study economic evaluation. SETTING: Eight acute NHS hospital trusts and 12 local authority areas in North East England...
February 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202245/recurrent-obstetric-anal-sphincter-injury-and-the-risk-of-long-term-anal-incontinence
#16
Hanna Jangö, Jens Langhoff-Roos, Susanne Rosthøj, Abelone Sakse
BACKGROUND: Women with an obstetric anal sphincter injury are concerned about the risk of recurrent obstetric anal sphincter injury in their second pregnancy. Existing studies have failed to clarify whether recurrence of obstetric anal sphincter injury affects the risk of anal- and fecal incontinence at long term follow up. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether recurrent obstetric anal sphincter injury influenced the risk of anal- and fecal incontinence more than 5 years after the second vaginal delivery...
February 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197692/feasibility-of-establishing-an-australian-acl-registry-a-pilot-study-by-the-australian-orthopaedic-association-national-joint-replacement-registry-aoanjrr
#17
Christina Lekkas, Richard Clarnette, Stephen E Graves, Sophia Rainbird, David Parker, Michelle Lorimer, Roger Paterson, Justin Roe, Hayden Morris, Julian A Feller, Peter Annear, Ben Forster, David Hayes
PURPOSE: Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a common and debilitating injury that impacts significantly on knee function and risks the development of degenerative arthritis. The outcome of ACL surgery is not monitored in Australia. The optimal treatment is unknown. Consequently, the identification of best practice in treating ACL is crucial to the development of improved outcomes. The Australian Knee Society (AKS) asked the Australian Orthopaedic Association (AOA) to consider establishing a national ACL registry...
February 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196904/extracellular-matrix-receptor-expression-in-subtypes-of-lung-adenocarcinoma-potentiates-outgrowth-of-micrometastases
#18
Laura E Stevens, William Kc Cheung, Sally J Adua, Anna Arnal-Estapé, Minghui Zhao, Zongzhi Liu, Kelly Brewer, Roy S Herbst, Don X Nguyen
Mechanisms underlying the propensity of latent lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) to relapse are poorly understood. In this study, we show how differential expression of a network of extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules and their interacting proteins contributes to risk of relapse in distinct LUAD subtypes. Overexpression of the hyaluronan receptor HMMR in primary LUAD was associated with an inflammatory molecular signature and poor prognosis. Attenuating HMMR in LUAD cells diminished their ability to initiate lung tumors and distant metastases...
February 14, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196085/what-device-would-be-best-for-early-infant-male-circumcision-in-east-and-southern-africa-provider-experiences-and-opinions-with-three-different-devices-in-kenya
#19
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Fredrick O Otieno
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces risk of HIV acquisition in heterosexual men by approximately 60%. As some countries approach targets for proportions of adolescents and adults circumcised, some are considering early infant male circumcision (EIMC) as a means to achieve sustainability of VMMC for long term reduction of HIV incidence. Evaluations of specialized devices for EIMC are important to provide programs with information required to make informed decisions about how to design safe, effective EIMC programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195317/human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-for-screening-non-attenders-opt-in-pilot-implementation-with-electronic-communication-platforms
#20
Janni Uyen Hoa Lam, Matejka Rebolj, Ditte Møller Ejegod, Helle Pedersen, Carsten Rygaard, Elsebeth Lynge, Louise Thirstrup Thomsen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Jesper Bonde
In organized cervical screening programs, typically 25% of the invited women do not attend. The Copenhagen Self-sampling Initiative (CSi) aimed to gain experiences on participation among screening non-attenders in the Capital Region of Denmark. Here, we report on the effectiveness of different communication platforms used in the pilot with suggestions for strategies prior to a full-implementation. Moreover, an innovative approach using self-sampling brushes with unique radio frequency identification chips allowed for unprecedented levels patient identification safety...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
keyword
keyword
24566
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"