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Alice Fabbri, Ancel la Santos, Signe Mezinska, Shai Mulinari, Barbara Mintzes
Relationships between health professionals and pharmaceutical manufacturers can unduly influence clinical practice. These relationships are the focus of global transparency efforts, including in Europe. We conducted a descriptive content analysis of the transparency provisions implemented by February 2017 in nine European Union (EU) countries concerning payments to health professionals, with duplicate independent coding of all data. Using an author-generated, semi-structured questionnaire, we collected information from each disclosure policy/code on: target industries, categories of healthcare professionals covered, scope of payments included, location and searchability of the disclosed data...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Darcy E Wagner, Leigh Turner, Angela Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Daniel J Weiss, Laertis Ikonomou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Michael P Whyte, Emilina Lim, William H McAlister, Gary S Gottesman, Lien Trinh, Deborah J Veis, Vinieth N Bijanki, Matthew G Boden, Angela Nenninger, Steven Mumm, David Buchbinder
Pediatric granulomatous arthritis (PGA) refers to two formerly separate entities; autosomal dominant Blau syndrome (BS) and its sporadic phenocopy early-onset sarcoidosis (EOS). In 2001 BS and in 2005 EOS became explained by heterozygous mutations within the gene that encodes nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein 2 (NOD2), also called caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 15 (CARD15). NOD2 is a microbe sensor in leukocyte cytosol that activates and regulates inflammation. PGA is characterized by a triad of auto-inflammatory problems (dermatitis, uveitis, and arthritis) in early childhood, which suggests the causal NOD2/CARD15 mutations are activating defects...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Catherine Paterson, Charlotte Primeau, Irene Pullar, Ghulam Nabi
BACKGROUND: An important question revolves around when the most opportune time is to introduce recovery-optimizing behaviors for men opting for radical prostatectomy (RP) for localized prostate cancer (PCa). An emerging field of research describes the role of preoperative strategies to improve treatment tolerance and overall physical and psychological recovery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of a multimodal prehabilitation intervention for men and their partners before RP for localized PCa...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Athiel Yoann, Barrois Mathilde, Bault Jean-Philippe, Cohen Laurence, Leroy Brigitte, Quibel Thibaud
Congenital ventricular aneurysms and diverticula are rare congenital heart diseases, currently accessible to prenatal diagnosis. Information on the natural course of ventricular aneurysm or diverticulum detected during fetal life is limited as there are only few case reports and case series enumerating the defect. We aimed to describe through three cases, the prenatal features and clinical outcomes of fetal cardiac aneurysms. The first one was diagnosed during the second trimestrer and spontaneous evolution was favorable...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
Matthias Paul, Lun Yue, Stefanie Gräfe
We examine the circular dichroism in the angular distribution of photoelectrons of triatomic model systems ionized by strong-field ionization. Following our recent work on this effect [Paul, Yue, and Gräfe, J. Mod. Opt. 64, 1104 (2017)JMOPEW0950-034010.1080/09500340.2017.1299883], we demonstrate how the symmetry and electronic structure of the system is imprinted into the photoelectron momentum distribution. We use classical trajectories to reveal the origin of the threefolded pattern in the photoelectron momentum distribution, and show how an asymmetric nuclear configuration of the triatomic system effects the photoelectron spectra...
June 8, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Yasin F Dagdas, Pooja Pandey, Yasin Tumtas, Nattapong Sanguankiattichai, Khaoula Belhaj, Cian Duggan, Alexandre Y Leary, Maria Segretin, Mauricio Contreras, Zachary Savage, Virendrasinh S Khandare, Sophien Kamoun, Tolga O Bozkurt
During plant cell invasion, the oomycete Phytophthora infestans remains enveloped by host-derived membranes whose functional properties are poorly understood. P. infestans secretes a myriad of effector proteins through these interfaces for plant colonization. Recently we showed that the effector protein PexRD54 reprograms host-selective autophagy by antagonising antimicrobial-autophagy receptor Joka2/NBR1 for ATG8CL binding (Dagdas, 2016). Here, we show that during infection, ATG8CL/Joka2 labelled defense-related autophagosomes are diverted toward the perimicrobial host membrane to restrict pathogen growth...
June 22, 2018: ELife
Andreas Wanninger, Tim Wollesen
Molluscs are extremely diverse invertebrate animals with a rich fossil record, highly divergent life cycles, and considerable economical and ecological importance. Key representatives include worm-like aplacophorans, armoured groups (e.g. polyplacophorans, gastropods, bivalves) and the highly complex cephalopods. Molluscan origins and evolution of their different phenotypes have largely remained unresolved, but significant progress has been made over recent years. Phylogenomic studies revealed a dichotomy of the phylum, resulting in Aculifera (shell-less aplacophorans and multi-shelled polyplacophorans) and Conchifera (all other, primarily uni-shelled groups)...
June 21, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
A F C Hulsbergen, M L D Broekman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Bernard Tan, Alvin Tan, Yiong Huak Chan, Yingjuan Mok, Hang Siang Wong, Pon Poh Hsu
PURPOSE: To investigate the rates of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) uptake and adherence amongst Singaporean patients diagnosed with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), and to evaluate factors correlated with CPAP uptake and adherence. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for baseline demographics, daytime sleepiness, presence of nasal symptoms and OSA severity, initial treatment choice, the rate of CPAP treatment uptake and CPAP adherence at 1 and 12 months...
May 26, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Youn-Jung Kang, Catherine T Yan
Classical non-homologous end-joining (cNHEJ) is the main pathway for the repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) in mammalian cells. In the absence of c-NHEJ, an alternative end-joining (A-EJ) mechanism resolves DSBs. To date, no A-EJ specific factor has been identified. Instead, this mechanism appears to co-opt proteins involved in more than one DNA repair pathway. These include components of base-excision repair (PARP1/XRCC1/LIG3), interstrand cross-link repair (BRCA1/FANCD2), and DSB response/DNA end-resection (MRE11A/RAD50/RBBP8)...
June 12, 2018: DNA Repair
Anna Ranta, Suzanne Busch
AIM: In 2016, five Central New Zealand hospitals piloted a successful telestroke service that has since transitioned to 'business as usual'. Nelson Hospital elected to opt out of the service after completion of the pilot. This paper reports the impact of telestroke service discontinuation on service provision within a regional and national context. METHODS: This is a sequential comparison of three time periods: six months pre-telestroke, six months during telestroke and six months post-telestroke pilot...
June 22, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Shivan J Mehta, Tanya Khan, Carmen Guerra, Catherine Reitz, Timothy McAuliffe, Kevin G Volpp, David A Asch, Chyke A Doubeni
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake is suboptimal, despite national efforts to increase screening rates. Behavioral economic approaches such as changing defaults may increase participation. We compare response rates to opt-in or opt-out messaging in mailed fecal immunochemical test (FIT) outreach. METHODS: This is a two-arm randomized controlled trial among 314 patients aged 50-74 years who had at least two primary care visits in the 2-year pre-enrollment period and were screening-eligible but not up-to-date...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Claas H Hinze, Fabian Speth, Prasad T Oommen, Johannes-Peter Haas
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare pediatric autoimmune disease with broad variations of the individual course. Data on the optimal management are mostly lacking. Currently treatment decisions are often based on experts' opinions. In order to develop consensus-based treatment strategies for JDM in Germany a survey was pursued to analyze the current clinical practice. METHODS: An online survey addressing all members of the Society for Pediatric Rheumatology (GKJR) in Germany and Austria and pediatric neurologists with expertise in JDM was performed in February/March of 2016...
June 20, 2018: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
Jie Zeng, Yajie Hu, Tian Jia, Ruiyao Zhang, Tongchao Su, Junliang Sun, Haiyan Gao, Guanglei Li, Meng Cao, Mengdi Song
BACKGROUND: Sialylated glycoconjugates play important roles in physiological and pathological processes. However, available sialylated oligosaccharides source is limited which is a barrier to study their biological roles. This work reports an efficient approach to produce sialic acid-modified lactuloses and investigates their inhibitory effects on Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). METHODS: A one-pot two-enzyme (OPTE) sialylation system was used to efficiently synthesize sialylated lactuloses...
2018: PloS One
Maria Aparecida Dos Santos Traverzim, Sergio Makabe, Daniela Fátima Teixeira Silva, Christiane Pavani, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Kristianne Santos Porta Fernandes, Lara Jansiski Motta
BACKGROUND: Labor pain is one of the most intense pains experienced by women, which leads to an increase in the number of women opting to undergo a cesarean delivery. Pharmacological and nonpharmacological analgesia methods are used to control labor pain. Epidural analgesia is the most commonly used pharmacological analgesia method. However, it may have side effects on the fetus and the mother. Light-emitting diode (LED) photobiomodulation is an effective and noninvasive alternative to pharmacological methods...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shaik Mohamed Shamsudeen, R Shanmuga Priya, Govindarajan Sujatha, J Muruganandhan, K Manikandan
INTRODUCTION: Antibiotics are considered the most commonly sold drugs in developing countries. In India, these drugs are very much accessible without a prescription. This irrational and misuse of antibiotics results not only in the emergence of resistance of bacterial strains but also leads to adverse reactions. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude, and practice of antibiotics usage among dental patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: This study was a cross-sectional design; a prevalidated structured questionnaire comprising 24 questions was used...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Zarrin Zarrinabadi, Alireza Isfandyari-Moghaddam, Nasrolah Erfani, Mohsen Ahmadi Tahour Soltani
INTRODUCTION: According to the research mission of the librarianship and information sciences field, it is necessary to have the ability to communicate constructively between the user of the information and information in these students, and it appears more important in medical librarianship and information sciences because of the need for quick access to information for clinicians. Considering the role of spiritual intelligence in capability to establish effective and balanced communication makes it important to study this variable in librarianship and information students...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Ahmad A Madarati
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at investigating dental clinicians' preferences on management of necrotic pulp with acute apical abscess (NPAAA) cases. METHODS: Following an ethical approval and two pilot studies, an electronic survey was emailed to 400 general dental practitioners (GDPs) and 56 endodontists. The email explained the study's methods and assured that participants' identities and information given would remain anonymous and confidential. A reminder email was sent after eight weeks...
June 19, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Amrita Sarkar, Ophelia Mary Kharmujai, Wallambok Lynrah, Neilatuo U Suokhrie
Background: In Meghalaya, only 51.4% expectant mothers go for any institutional delivery with a wide rural-urban gap causing morbidity and mortality in the mothers and the neonates. Objectives: The objective of this study is to find out the factors influencing the choice of the place of delivery in rural women. Methodology: The present qualitative cross-sectional study was conducted from October to December 2016 in Bhoirymbong community health center (CHC) and the area catered to by it...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
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