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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426787/direct-object-pronoun-sentence-processing-in-spanish-english-children-with-without-specific-language-impairment-and-adults-a-cross-modal-priming-study
#1
Dolors Girbau
PURPOSE: This paper examines whether bilingual children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) showed limited comprehension of Direct Object (DO) pronoun sentences and/or morphosyntactic priming compared to children with Typical Language Development (TLD) and adults. We analyzed the relation of these morphosyntactic processes to other psycholinguistic abilities, according to the MUC (Memory-Unification-Control) model. METHOD: Ten bilingual native Spanish-speaking children with SLI (8;3-10;6) and 10 age-matched children with TLD (7;6-10;10) received a psycholinguistic evaluation in Spanish-English...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423448/understanding-word-reading-difficulties-in-children-with-sli
#2
Suzanne M Adlof
Children with specific language impairment (SLI) often show considerable reading difficulties. Research has revealed two primary reading profiles among children with SLI: (a) one of poor word reading and decoding skills and associated reading comprehension difficulties, and (b) one involving relatively strong word reading skills but poor comprehension. This article reviews studies characterizing these two subtypes of SLI, discusses their current clinical implications, and suggests important directions for future study...
August 2017: Perspectives of the ASHA Special Interest Groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411040/cognitive-profiles-of-finnish-preschool-children-with-expressive-and-receptive-language-impairment
#3
Virpi Saar, Sari Levänen, Erkki Komulainen
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the verbal and nonverbal cognitive profiles of children with specific language impairment (SLI) with problems predominantly in expressive (SLI-E) or receptive (SLI-R) language skills. These diagnostic subgroups have not been compared before in psychological studies. Method: Participants were preschool-age Finnish-speaking children with SLI diagnosed by a multidisciplinary team. Cognitive profile differences between the diagnostic subgroups and the relationship between verbal and nonverbal reasoning skills were evaluated...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398881/the-complexity-of-the-spanish-subjunctive-in-bilingual-children-with-sli
#4
Anny P Castilla-Earls, Ana Teresa Perez-Leroux, María Adelaida Restrepo, Daniel Gaile, Ziqiang Chen
This study investigated the use of the Spanish subjunctive in bilingual children with and without specific language impairments (SLI). Using an elicited production task, we examined: (1) the potential of the subjunctive as a grammatical marker of SLI in Spanish-English bilingual children, (2) the extent to which degree of bilingualism affects performance, and (3) the specific patterns of errors across groups. The participants in this study were 16 children with SLI and 16 typically developing children (TD) matched on age, English language proficiency, and mother's education level...
2018: Language Acquisition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373610/don-t-speak-too-fast-processing-of-fast-rate-speech-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#5
Hélène Guiraud, Nathalie Bedoin, Sonia Krifi-Papoz, Vania Herbillon, Aurélia Caillot-Bascoul, Sibylle Gonzalez-Monge, Véronique Boulenger
BACKGROUND: Perception of speech rhythm requires the auditory system to track temporal envelope fluctuations, which carry syllabic and stress information. Reduced sensitivity to rhythmic acoustic cues has been evidenced in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI), impeding syllabic parsing and speech decoding. Our study investigated whether these children experience specific difficulties processing fast rate speech as compared with typically developing (TD) children. METHOD: Sixteen French children with SLI (8-13 years old) with mainly expressive phonological disorders and with preserved comprehension and 16 age-matched TD children performed a judgment task on sentences produced 1) at normal rate, 2) at fast rate or 3) time-compressed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366987/toe-brachial-index-and-exercise-test-can-improve-the-exploration-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#6
David Kovacs, Beata Csiszar, Katalin Biro, Katalin Koltai, Dora Endrei, Istvan Juricskay, Barbara Sandor, Dora Praksch, Kalman Toth, Gabor Kesmarky
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We assumed that hand-held Doppler ultrasound (DUS) at rest was insufficient to assess the severity of peripheral artery disease (PAD). Toe pressure and transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure were studied to prove whether these could identify more patients with severe lower limb ischemia; exercise was applied to provoke ischemia. METHODS: 120 patients with PAD and 30 volunteers without PAD were recruited. DUS, transcutaneous tissue oxygen pressure (tcpO2) and toe pressure measurements were performed at rest and after exercise...
January 16, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351353/the-contributions-of-phonological-awareness-alphabet-knowledge-and-letter-writing-to-name-writing-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-typically-developing-children
#7
Stacey L Pavelko, R Jane Lieberman, Jamie Schwartz, Debbie Hahs-Vaughn
Purpose: Name writing is one aspect of emergent writing that has been used to understand emergent literacy development. Name-writing skills and the relationship of name writing to other emergent literacy skills have not been studied extensively in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Children with SLI consistently demonstrate delays in phonological awareness (PA), alphabet knowledge (AK), print awareness, and emergent writing. The purpose of this study was to examine the contributions of PA, AK, and letter writing to name writing in children with SLI and typically developing (TD) children...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#8
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302552/complementary-feeding-practices-among-children-aged-6-23-months-in-aligarh-uttar-pradesh
#9
Istiyaq Ahmad, Najam Khalique, Salman Khalil, Urfi, Mohd Maroof
Context: Complementary feeding practices play an important role in the growth and development of the children. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of complementary feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months and its association with various sociodemographic factors. Settings and Design: The study was a community-based, cross-sectional study conducted at field practice area of Urban Health Training Centre and Rural Health Training Centre, Department of Community Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286940/sustained-lung-inflation-at-birth-for-preterm-infants-at-risk-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-the-proper-pressure-and-duration
#10
N Abd El-Fattah, N Nasef, M F Al-Harrass, Mohammed Khashaba
BACKGROUND: Variations exist among the administered pressure and duration of sustained lung inflation (SLI) in the delivery room (DR). We aimed to evaluate the appropriate pressure and duration needed for SLI in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. METHODS: We prospectively randomized 100 preterm (<32 weeks) infants to receive either conventional therapy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at 5 cm H2O, or four groups of CPAP plus a single maneuver of SLI at four regimens based on administered pressures and durations; P20D20 (Pressure of 20 cm H2O for a duration of 20 seconds), P20D10 (20 cm H2O for 10 seconds), P15D20 (15 cm H2O for 20 seconds), and P15D10 (15 cm H2O for 10 seconds) using a T-piece ventilator...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274509/retelling-stories-grammatical-and-lexical-measures-for-identifying-monolingual-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-sli
#11
Alejandra Auza B, Mary Towle Harmon, Chiharu Murata
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have grammatical and lexical difficulties when telling stories. The aim of this work was to explore whether language productivity measures, such as mean length of utterance (MLU), percentage of ungrammatical sentences (%UGS), total number of words (TNW), and number of different words (NDW) produced by young children during a story retell task, can be used to accurately differentiate monolingual Spanish-speaking children with SLI from children with typical language development (TLD)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235440/leveraging-multi-layer-imager-detector-design-to-improve-low-dose-performance-for-megavoltage-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#12
Yue-Houng Hu, Joerg Rottmann, Rony Fueglistaller, Marios E Myronakis, Adam Wang, Pascal Huber, Daniel Shedlock, Daniel Morf, Paul Baturin, Josh M Star-Lack, Ross I Berbeco
While megavoltage (MV) cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) using an electronic portal imaging device (EPID) provides many advantages over kilovoltage (kV) CBCT, clinical adoption is limited by its high doses. Multi-layer imager (MLI) EPIDs increase DQE(0) while maintaining high resolution. However, even well-designed, high-performance MLIs suffer from increased electronic noise from each readout, degrading low-dose image quality. To improve low-dose performance, shift-and-bin addition (ShiBA) imaging is proposed, leveraging the unique architecture of the MLI...
December 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228416/dental-health-in-patients-affected-by-alcohol-use-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
P F Manicone, C Tarli, A Mirijello, L Raffaelli, G A Vassallo, M Antonelli, M M Rando, C Mosoni, A Cossari, L Lavorgna, F Caputo, A D'Addona, A Gasbarrini, G Addolorato
OBJECTIVE: Chronic alcohol abuse represents a risk factor for oral diseases, in particular, oral cancer. Periodontal disease has been showed to be involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and liver steatosis. The role of chronic alcohol consumption on periodontitis is still controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chronic alcohol abuse on oral health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three alcohol use disorders (AUD) patients and twenty-three healthy social drinkers underwent an oral examination by trained oral clinicians in order to evaluate oral and dental health...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222571/the-potential-of-past-tense-marking-in-oral-reading-as-a-clinical-marker-of-specific-language-impairment-in-school-age-children
#14
Krystal L Werfel, Alison Eisel Hendricks, C Melanie Schuele
Purpose: The purpose of this study was twofold. The first aim was to explore differences in profiles of past tense marking in oral reading of school-age children with specific language impairment (SLI). The second aim was to explore the potential of past tense marking in oral reading as a clinical marker of SLI in school-age children. Method: This study examined oral readings of connected text to describe the frequency and type of reading errors on regular and irregular past tense verbs for 21 children with SLI as compared to 30 children with typical language in Grades 2 and 3...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213248/impact-of-diglossia-on-word-and-non-word-repetition-among-language-impaired-and-typically-developing-arabic-native-speaking-children
#15
Elinor Saiegh-Haddad, Ola Ghawi-Dakwar
The study tested the impact of the phonological and lexical distance between a dialect of Palestinian Arabic spoken in the north of Israel (SpA) and Modern Standard Arabic (StA or MSA) on word and non-word repetition in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and in typically developing (TD) age-matched controls. Fifty kindergarten children (25 SLI, 25 TD; mean age 5;5) and fifty first grade children (25 SLI, 25 TD; mean age 6:11) were tested with a repetition task for 1-4 syllable long real words and pseudo words; Items varied systematically in whether each encoded a novel StA phoneme or not, namely a phoneme that is only used in StA but not in the spoken dialect targeted...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188274/which-preschool-children-with-specific-language-impairment-receive-language-intervention
#16
Kacie Wittke, Tammie J Spaulding
Purpose: Potential biases in service provision for preschool children with specific language impairment (SLI) were explored. Method: In Study 1, children with SLI receiving treatment (SLI-T) and those with SLI not receiving treatment (SLI-NT) were compared on demographic characteristics and developmental abilities. Study 2 recruited children with articulation disorders receiving treatment (ARTIC-T) to determine if knowing service provision status influenced the results of Study 1...
November 29, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182947/low-level-neural-auditory-discrimination-dysfunctions-in-specific-language-impairment-a-review-on-mismatch-negativity-findings
#17
REVIEW
Teija Kujala, Miika Leminen
In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child's oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI...
October 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169021/is-interference-control-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-similar-to-that-of-children-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder
#18
Klara Marton, Zsuzsanna Kovi, Tímea Egri
AIMS: The purpose of the study was to examine resistance to proactive interference, which is strongly associated with working memory (WM) performance and language processing, in children with specific language impairment (SLI), with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and with typical development (TD). METHODS: Sixty children (eight to ten years; matched in age and nonverbal IQ) participated in the study. Resistance to proactive interference was measured using a verbal conflict paradigm...
November 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163261/a-sentence-repetition-task-for-catalan-speaking-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#19
Anna Gavarró
It is common to find that so-called minority languages enjoy fewer (if any) diagnostic tools than the so-called majority languages. This has repercussions for the detection and proper assessment of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) brought up in these languages. With a view to remedy this situation for Catalan, I developed a sentence repetition task to assess grammatical maturity in school-age children; in current practice, Catalan-speaking children are assessed with tests translated from Spanish, with disregard of the fact that the markers of SLI may differ substantially from one language to another, even between closely related languages...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149241/statistical-learning-in-specific-language-impairment-a-meta-analysis
#20
Imme Lammertink, Paul Boersma, Frank Wijnen, Judith Rispens
Purpose: The current meta-analysis provides a quantitative overview of published and unpublished studies on statistical learning in the auditory verbal domain in people with and without specific language impairment (SLI). The database used for the meta-analysis is accessible online and open to updates (Community-Augmented Meta-Analysis), which facilitates the accumulation and evaluation of previous and future studies on statistical learning in this domain. Method: A systematic literature search identified 10 unique experiments examining auditory verbal statistical learning in 213 participants with SLI and 363 without SLI, aged between 6 and 19 years...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
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