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Acute mastoiditis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680799/rare-case-of-otomastoiditis-due-to-coxiella-burnetii-chronic-infection
#1
Mariana Gonçalves, Sónia Moreira, Elsa Gaspar, Lèlita Santos
Q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by Coxiella burnetii that usually presents with non-specific or benign constitutional symptoms. Diagnosis is often challenging and, after acute Q fever, 1%-5% of patients can develop chronic disease. We present an 80-year-old male patient who was admitted due to a 3 months history of fever, productive cough, myalgia, weight loss, headache and hearing loss. Chronic Q fever was confirmed by positive antiphase I immunoglobulin G. Frequent locations of chronic infection was discarded, and ear CT revealed a right mastoid infection...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605342/safety-and-postoperative-adverse-events-in-management-of-acute-mastoiditis-in-children-30-day-nsqip-outcomes
#2
Matthew G Crowson, Jeffrey Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To examine preoperative risk factors, postoperative 30-day outcomes and adverse events of acute mastoiditis using a national pediatric surgical database. METHODS: We explored our objectives using a cross-sectional analysis of a hospital-based reporting system database. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) pediatric database was used to identify surgical encounters for the treatment of acute mastoiditis from 2012 to 2015...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601460/national-incidence-of-pediatric-mastoiditis-in-the-united-states-2000-2012-creating-a-baseline-for-public-health-surveillance
#3
Laura M King, Monina Bartoces, Adam L Hersh, Lauri A Hicks, Katherine E Fleming-Dutra
Between 2000-2012, the national estimated incidence rate of pediatric mastoiditis, a rare but serious complication of acute otitis media (AOM), was highest in 2006 (2.7 per 100,000 population) and lowest in 2012 (1.8 per 100,000 population). This measure provides a baseline for public health surveillance in the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era as stewardship efforts target antibiotic use in AOM.
March 27, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596220/fusobacterium-necrophorum-as-an-emerging-pathogen-of-acute-mastoiditis
#4
Miri Gelbart, Efraim Bilavski, Gabriel Chodick, Eyal Raveh, Itzhak Levy, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have reported an increase in the incidence of acute mastoiditis due to Fusobacterium necrophorum. However, the crude incidence and the specific clinical and laboratory characteristics of F.necrophorum mastoiditis in children have not been described. Our aim was to describe these features, in order to identify high-risk patients. METHODS: The electronic medical records of all children with acute mastoiditis at a tertiary medical center between 7/2011 and 12/2015 were analyzed...
March 24, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530427/the-association-between-otogenic-lateral-sinus-thrombosis-and-thrombophilia-a-long-term-follow-up
#5
Shay Schneider, Joseph Kapelushnik, Mordechai Kraus, Sabri El Saied, Itai Levi, Daniel Michael Kaplan
PURPOSE: Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (OLST) is an intracranial, potentially life-threatening complication of acute and chronic otitis media. Since congenital thrombophilic disorders are risk factors for cerebral venous thrombosis, OLST may be related to thrombophilia. The aim of our study was twofold: to evaluate whether patients who suffered from OLST in childhood also have thrombophilia, and whether these patients experienced thromboembolic episodes in future years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526776/sub-concussive-trauma-acute-concussion-and-history-of-multiple-concussions-effects-on-quiet-stance-postural-control-stability
#6
J K Dierijck, A D Wright, J D Smirl, K Bryk, P van Donkelaar
Although balance control has been studied extensively following acute concussion, little is known regarding repetitive sub-concussive head impacts or chronic exposure to multiple concussive events. Quiet stance postural control was characterized in contact sport athletes at pre-season (n = 135) and post-season (n = 48) to evaluate the effects of subconcussive trauma to the head. To determine the impact of acute concussion on postural control, athletes diagnosed with a concussion during the season (n = 12) were tested at 72-h, 2-weeks, and 1-month post-injury...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521448/is-anticoagulation-beneficial-in-acute-mastoiditis-complicated-by-sigmoid-sinus-thrombosis
#7
Michael Mather, Kate Musgrave, Nicholas Dawe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398006/acute-mastoiditis-with-subperiosteal-abscess-due-to-emerging-infectious-agents
#8
Marta Esther Vázquez Fernández, Rosalía Cebrián Fernández, Ana María Vegas Alvarez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376441/spontaneous-haemorrhage-into-a-large-abducens-nerve-schwannoma-a-case-report
#9
Daniel Brown, Nicolas McConnell, Richard List, Farouk Olubajo, Robin Highley, Mathew Storey, Gueorgui Kounin
PURPOSE: Abducens schwannomas are rare tumors that are not known to present with acute haemorrhage. We present a case of a 59 year-old female on warfarin who presented acutely with a sudden onset headache, nausea and photophobia. Neuroimaging revealed an acute haemorrhage into a lesion that entered Dorello's canal and was consistent with an abducens nerve schwannoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient's case notes, imaging, histology and operative recording were reviewed retrospectively to compile this case report...
January 29, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335001/different-clinical-presentation-and-management-of-temporal-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-in-children
#10
REVIEW
Józef Mierzwiński, Justyna Kosowska, Justyna Tyra, Karolina Haber, Maria Drela, Dariusz Paczkowski, Paweł Burduk
BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia is a slowly progressive benign fibro-osseous disorder that involves one or multiple bones with a unilateral distribution in most cases. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Temporal bone involvement is the least frequently reported type, especially in children. We reviewed available articles regarding fibrous dysplasia with temporal bone involvement in children and added four patients aged 7 to 17 years who were diagnosed and treated in our institution from 2006 to 2017...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287882/changes-in-the-epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-acute-mastoiditis-following-the-introduction-of-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Oren Cavel, Riva Tauman, Eli Simsolo, Danny Yafit, Efrat Reindorf-Kfir, Oshri Wasserzug, Omer Unger, Ophir Handzel, Gadi Fishman, Yael Oestreicher-Kedem, Ari DeRowe
OBJECTIVES: Seven years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) in Israel, its effect on the incidence and severity of episodes of acute mastoiditis (AM) remains unclear. The primary objective of this study was to determine the incidence of AM and describe its clinical features in children during the years that followed the introduction of the PCV13 in comparison with the pre-PCV period. METHODS: Included in this retrospective comparative case series were all pediatric patients diagnosed with AM between Jan...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250758/refractory-facial-paralysis-a-case-report
#12
Yu-Wei Hsu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Yi-Shu Liao, Shin Nieh, Chun-An Cheng, Chia-Kuang Tsai
PURPOSE: To present a case of salivary gland malignancy initially mimicking Bell's palsy. CASE REPORT: A 75-year-old woman with hypertension visited our neurological outpatient department,complaining of persistent right facial paralysis for more than a year after oral glucocorticoid therapy with recent development of vertigo and unsteady gait. She was previously diagnosed as having Bell's palsy and was prescribed oral glucocorticoid. However, her right facial muscles were still completely paralyzed, with no signs of improvement...
June 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176463/primary-ewing-sarcoma-of-the-mastoid-a-novel-case-mimicking-acute-mastoiditis
#13
Grace Egan, Joanna Pierro, Pillai Pallavi Madhusoodhan, Ghulam Ilyas, Benjamin Cohen, Teena Bhatla
Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is a primitive neuroectodermal tumor arising in bone or soft tissue. It is the second most common primary bone malignancy of children and adolescents, with a peak incidence in the second decade of life. It most often arises in the long bones of the extremities and pelvis. Here, we present a novel case of EWS arising from the mastoid bone in a 5-year-old African American male who presented with symptoms of acute mastoiditis. This unique presentation highlights the importance of considering EWS in a patient who presents with atypical mastoiditis or a rapidly growing mass in the postauricular region...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147674/pediatric-otogenic-sigmoid-sinus-thrombosis-case-report-and-literature-reappraisal
#14
Andrea Scherer, Andrew Jea
The purpose of this study was to review our experience with a single case of mastoiditis associated with sigmoid sinus thrombosis and increased intracranial pressure, and to review the experience of others through prior publications. We reviewed a case of a 6-year-old boy with an acute otitis media and mastoiditis, with associated ipsilateral sigmoid sinus and contralateral distal transverse sinus thrombosis. Based on the literature and our own experience, we conclude that most children with dural sinus thrombosis from acute otitis media and mastoiditis, in the setting of increased intracranial pressure, attain a good neurological outcome with a conservative neurosurgical approach...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146635/antibiotic-use-and-bacterial-complications-following-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-a-population-based-study
#15
Thomas Cars, Irene Eriksson, Anna Granath, Björn Wettermark, Jenny Hellman, Christer Norman, Anders Ternhag
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if use of antibiotics was associated with bacterial complications following upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). DESIGN: Ecological time-trend analysis and a prospective cohort study. SETTING: Primary, outpatient specialist and inpatient care in Stockholm County, Sweden. All analyses were based on administrative healthcare data on consultations, diagnoses and dispensed antibiotics from January 2006 to January 2016...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106885/outpatient-management-of-pediatric-acute-mastoiditis
#16
Ahmed Alkhateeb, Francis Morin, Haya Aziz, Mayuri Manogaran, William Guertin, Melanie Duval
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the Montreal Children's Hospital experience with outpatient management of uncomplicated acute mastoiditis with parenteral antibiotic therapy alone and determine if it is a safe alternative to inpatient management. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective review of pediatric patients diagnosed with acute mastoiditis at a tertiary care pediatric hospital between 2013 and 2015 was performed. Patients with syndromes, immunodeficiency, cholesteatoma, chronic otitis media, cochlear implant in the affected ear, or incidental mastoid opacity were excluded...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105776/pediatric-acute-mastoiditis-in-the-era-of-pneumococcal-vaccination
#17
Kareem O Tawfik, Stacey L Ishman, Meredith E Tabangin, Mekibib Altaye, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Daniel I Choo
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to describe trends in the annual prevalence of hospitalization for pediatric acute mastoiditis since introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine in 2000 and the 13-valent vaccine in 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective data analysis. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database from years 2000 to 2012 was analyzed. To determine the annual prevalence of hospitalization for acute mastoiditis, nationally weighted frequencies of hospitalization for children <21 years with acute mastoiditis diagnoses were collected...
November 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993357/runx1-runx1t1-positive-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-presenting-as-bilateral-proptosis-and-multiple-cranial-nerve-palsy
#18
Sidharth Totadri, Prateek Bhatia, Sreejesh Sreedharanunni
We describe a unique presentation of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with myeloid sarcoma (MS), manifested as proptosis with multiple cranial nerve palsies in a 9-year-old boy. MRI of the brain revealed multiple enhancing lesions and bilateral mastoiditis, in addition to sagittal sinus thrombosis. Peripheral blood smear demonstrated blasts showing Auer rods. Bone marrow examination confirmed the diagnosis of AML. PCR was positive for RUNX1-RUNX1T1. Neurological deficits improved with induction chemotherapy for AML...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992722/the-treatment-of-pseudoaneurysms-with-flow-diverters-after-malignant-otitis-externa
#19
Tamás Németh, László Szakács, Zsolt Bella, Valéria Majoros, Pál Barzó, Erika Vörös
Background We report a case of bilateral malignant otitis externa complicated with bilateral petrous internal carotid artery pseudoaneurysms and their successful treatment with a flow diverter. Case report A 68-year-old woman with serious complications of type II diabetes mellitus had malignant otitis externa on the right side. She was treated with combined antibiotic therapy and underwent mastoidectomy for mastoiditis. She presented at our hospital with acute hemorrhage from the right external auditory canal...
December 2017: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964304/the-effect-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-incidence-and-microbiology-associated-with-complicated-acute-otitis-media
#20
B B Laursen, C S Danstrup, S Hoffmann, N Nørskov-Lauritsen, A L B Christensen, T Ovesen
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the incidence of complicated acute otitis media (cAOM) as well as the associated microbiology before and after introduction of the 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV-7 and -13), respectively. CAOM comprises "heavy" AOM (AOM demanding hospitalization), mastodismus (M) and acute mastoiditis (AM). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of the incidence and microbiology associated with cAOM during the non-PCV era, the PCV-7 and 13 eras, respectively...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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