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Peroxidase proliferator activator receptor

Ruijuan Zhang, Yan Yu, Senke Hu, Jinghua Zhang, Haixia Yang, Bei Han, Yue Cheng, Xiaoqin Luo
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is defined by a nonalcohol relevant pathological accumulation of fat in the liver. Previous studies have shown that sesamin exerts antioxidant effects and improves lipid metabolism of the fatty liver. In this study, we hypothesized that sesamin improves lipid homeostasis of Sprague-Dawley rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD) by regulating the expression of genes related to de novo lipogenesis and β-oxidation. We induced NAFLD in rats with HFD and examined the effect of sesamin in vivo...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
Augustine Arukwe, Camilla Catarci Carteny, Trine Eggen
There is limited knowledge on the toxicological, physiological, and molecular effects attributed to organophosphate (OP) compounds currently used as flame retardants or additives in consumer products. This study investigated the effects on oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation in juvenile Atlantic salmon liver and brain samples after exposure to two OP compounds, tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) and tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP). In this study, groups of juvenile Atlantic salmon were exposed using a semistatic experimental protocol over a 7-d period to 3 different concentrations (0...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Zeping Zhao, Matthew Barcus, Jonggun Kim, Krystal L Lum, Courtney Mills, Xin Gen Lei
BACKGROUND: Prolonged high intakes of dietary selenium have been shown to induce gestational diabetes in rats and hyperinsulinemia in pigs. OBJECTIVE: Two experiments were conducted to explore metabolic and molecular mechanisms for the diabetogenic potential of high dietary selenium intakes in pigs. METHODS: In Expt. 1, 16 Yorkshire-Landrace-Hampshire crossbred pigs (3 wk old, body weight = 7.5 ± 0.81 kg, 50% males and 50% females) were fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet supplemented with 0...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
M Masouminia, S Samadzadeh, A S Mendoza, B A French, B Tillman, S W French
There are many homeostatic mechanisms for coping with stress conditions in cells, including autophagy. In many studies autophagy, as an intracellular pathway which degrades misfolded and damaged protein, and Mallory-Denk Body (MDB) formation have been shown to be protective mechanisms against stress such as alcoholic hepatitis. Alcohol has a significant role in alteration of lipid homeostasis, sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) and peroxidase proliferator-activated receptors through AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-dependent mechanism...
August 2016: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Alexis Werion, Virginie Joris, Michael Hepp, Lida Papasokrati, Lancelot Marique, Christine de Ville de Goyet, Victoria Van Regemorter, Michel Mourad, Benoit Lengelé, Chantal Daumerie, Etienne Marbaix, Sonia Brichard, Marie-Christine Many, Julie Craps
BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of multiple target genes involved in several metabolic pathways as well as in inflammation. The expression and cell localization of caveolin-1 (Cav-1), thyroperoxidase (TPO), and dual oxidase (DUOX), involved in extracellular iodination, is modulated by Th1 cytokines in human normal thyroid cells and in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were (i) to analyze the PPARγ protein and mRNA expression at the follicular level in HT versus controls in correlation with the one of Cav-1; (ii) to study the effects of Th1 cytokines on PPARγ and catalase expression in human thyrocyte primary cultures; and (iii) to study the effects of pioglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, on thyroxisome components (Cav-1, TPO, DUOX) and on catalase, involved in antioxidant defense...
September 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Hong-Ming Su, Li-Na Feng, Xiao-Dong Zheng, Wei Chen
BACKGROUND: Myricetin is a naturally occurring antioxidant commonly found in various plants. However, little information is available with respect to its direct anti-obesity effects. OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of myricetin on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in C57BL/6 mice. RESULTS: Administration of myricetin dramatically reduced the body weight of diet-induced obese mice compared with solely HFD-induced mice...
June 2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Lívia H Yamashiro, Carolina Eto, Marina Soncini, Verônica Horewicz, Magno Garcia, Aline D Schlindwein, Edmundo C Grisard, Darcita B Rovaris, André Báfica
Proinflammatory cytokines are critical mediators that control Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) growth during active tuberculosis (ATB). To further inhibit bacterial proliferation in diseased individuals, drug inhibitors of cell wall synthesis such as isoniazid (INH) are employed. However, whether INH presents an indirect effect on bacterial growth by regulating host cytokines during ATB is not well known. To examine this hypothesis, we used an in vitro human granuloma system generated with primary leukocytes from healthy donors adapted to model ATB...
August 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Xiao-yun Zhao, Kai Shao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the roles of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes mellitus (DM) mice model. METHODS: Eight-week-old C57BL/6 mice were allocated into control group, IR group, and DM group. Body mass was recorded. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test was performed to determine any abnormal glucose metabolism. The liver pathological changes were detected by biopsy...
April 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
Y Chen, Y-H Tsai, S-H Tseng
BACKGROUND: Intestinal stem cells (ISCs) are responsible for the regeneration of intestinal epithelium. In a previous study, we demonstrated that sodium selenite is 1 of the key factors that enhances the growth of ISCs in crypt culture medium. The goal of the present article was to investigate the effect of selenite on the proliferative and antioxidative activities of ISCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five-week old BALB/C mice were administered phosphate-buffered saline or sodium selenite (4 mg/kg/d) for 7 days before ISCs were harvested...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Wei-Ming Chen, Lee-Hsin Shaw, Pey-Jium Chang, Shui-Yi Tung, Te-Sheng Chang, Chein-Heng Shen, Yung-Yu Hsieh, Kuo-Liang Wei
The present study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effect of resveratrol (RSV) against ethanol-induced oxidative stress in vivo, and investigate the underlying mechanisms by which RSV exerts its anti-oxidative effects on hepatic cells. C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups: Untreated control, ethanol-treated, RSV-treated, and ethanol + RSV-treated. The plasma lipid profile, hepatic lipid accumulation and antioxidative enzyme activities were analyzed. HepG2 cells were used as a cellular model to analyze the effects of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) in the RSV-mediated protection of ethanol-induced oxidative stress...
April 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Vikas Kumar Roy, Rachna Verma, Amitabh Krishna
The protective effects of carnitine have been attributed to inhibition of apoptosis, alleviating oxidative stress and DNA repair mechanism by decreasing oxidative radicles. Carnitine also increases mitochondrial biogenesis via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α (PGC1α). The role of carnitine in testicular PGC1α expression has not been documented. We hypothesised that the effects of carnitine as an antioxidant, inhibitor of apoptosis and controller of steroidogenesis in mouse testis may involve PGC1α as a regulator...
April 11, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Ehab M Abdella, Ayman M Mahmoud, Azza M El-Derby
CONTEXT: Seaweeds of the genera Turbinaria and Padina have long been used as food and in traditional medicine for treating several diseases. OBJECTIVE: The current study determines the protective efficacy of the brown seaweeds Turbinaria ornata (Turner) J. Agardh (Sargassaceae) and Padina pavonia (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux (Dictyotaceae) against liver injury induced by azoxymethane (AOM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Swiss mice received 10 mg/kg AOM once a week for two consecutive weeks and then 100 mg/kg daily dose of either T...
April 6, 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
Francisco Javier Ruiz-Ojeda, Carolina Gomez-Llorente, Concepción María Aguilera, Angel Gil, Azahara Iris Rupérez
Obesity is characterized by an excessive accumulation of fat in adipose tissue, which is associated with oxidative stress and chronic inflammation. Excessive H2O2 levels are degraded by catalase (CAT), the activity of which is decreased in obesity. We investigated the effects of inhibition of catalase activity on metabolism and inflammation by incubating human differentiated adipocytes with 10 mM 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (3-AT) for 24 h. As expected, the treatment decreased CAT activity and increased intracellular H2O2 levels significantly...
2016: PloS One
Jing Fu, Cheng Zeng, Zheling Zeng, Baogui Wang, Deming Gong
Cinnamomum camphora seed kernel oil (CCSKO) was found to reduce body fat deposition and improve blood lipid in both healthy and obese rats. The study was aimed to investigate the antioxidative stress and anti-inflammatory effects of CCSKO in high-fat-diet-induced obese rats. The obese rats were treated with CCSKO, lard, and soybean oil, respectively, for 12 wk. The level of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase, and catalase, and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ, interleukin (IL)-6, and P65 were compared among CCSKO, lard, and soybean oil groups...
May 2016: Journal of Food Science
Ming-Chang Chiang, Christopher J Nicol, Yi-Chuan Cheng, Kuan-Hung Lin, Chia-Hui Yen, Chien-Hung Lin
Neuronal cell impairment, such as that induced by amyloid-beta (Aβ) protein, is a process with limited therapeutic interventions and often leads to long-term neurodegeneration common in disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. Interestingly, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a ligand-activated nuclear receptor whose ligands control many physiological and pathologic processes, and may be neuroprotective. We hypothesized that rosiglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, would prevent Aβ-mediated effects in human neural stem cells (hNSCs)...
April 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Mengjia Zhou, Dong Zeng, Xueqin Ni, Teng Tu, Zhongqiong Yin, Kangcheng Pan, Bo Jing
BACKGROUND: Necrotic enteritis (NE), caused by Clostridium perfringens, has cost the poultry industry $2 billion in losses. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Bacillus licheniformis as dietary supplement on the growth, serum antioxidant status, and expression of lipid-metabolism genes of broiler chickens with C. perfringens-induced NE. METHODS: A total of 240 one-day-old broilers were randomly grouped into four: a negative control, an NE experimental model (PC), chickens fed a diet supplemented with 30 % of fishmeal from day 14 onwards and challenged with coccidiosis vaccine (FC), and NE group supplied with feed containing 1...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Yan Lin, Xu Cheng, Jiude Mao, De Wu, Bo Ren, Sheng-Yu Xu, Zheng-Feng Fang, Lian-Qiang Che, Cai-Mei Wu, Jian Li
BACKGROUND: N-3 and N-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are widely used in reproduction, yet few studies have addressed the effects of dietary n-6/n-3 ratios on boar reproduction. The present study aimed to determine the effects of different dietary n-6/n-3 ratios on the reproductive performance of breeding boars. Thirty-two boars with body weights of 15.0 ± 1.4 kg were divided into four treatments (C, T1, T2, T3) and fed diets with different n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratios (29.06:1, 20.07:1, 1:1, 1:17...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Chia-Ter Chao, Yen-Ching Chen, Chih-Kang Chiang, Jenq-Wen Huang, Cheng-Chung Fang, Chen-Chih Chang, Chung-Jen Yen
Background. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of antioxidants, including superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1), play an important role in the risk for cancer and metabolic disorders. However, little is known regarding the effect of antioxidant SNPs on renal events. Methods. We prospectively enrolled multicenter patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and those without chronic kidney disease (CKD) of Han Chinese origin, with SOD2 (Val16Ala), GPX1 (Pro197Leu), and PPAR-γ (Pro12Ala, C161T) genotyped...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Akif Hakan Kurt, Ahmet Çelik, Bekir Mehmet Kelleci
Estrogen mediates fast signal responses or transcriptional events via G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER1). However, there is no data on the effect of GPER1 on lung cancer cell proliferation and apoptosis. The present study aimed to analyze the anticancer effects of the GPER1 agonist G-1 on A549 human lung cancer cells. A549 cells were treated with 17β-estradiol and G-1, and cell proliferation was analyzed using MTT and WST assays. In addition, the apoptotic effects induced by G-1 were investigated using acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining...
November 2015: Oncology Letters
Peng Li, Meng Wan, Jian-ru Liu, Liang-zhong Li, Da-kun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To detect the degree of oxidative stress in the process when Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) stimulates human vascular endothelium, And to investigate the effect of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor(PPAR)γ on oxidative stress during this process. METHODS: Human vascular endothelial cells (HVECs) line EA.hy926 (American Type Culture Collection ,United States) was cultured in high glucose Dulbecco's modified eagle medium (DMEM). Four groups were designed: control group, P...
December 18, 2015: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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