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sperm movement

Karim Benhenia, Hamza Rahab, Mustapha-Adnane Smadi, Hamza Benmakhlouf, Ali Lamara, Takfarinas Idres, Mokrane Iguer-Ouada
Vitamin E is a potent molecule, especially when loaded in cyclodextrin, in modulating oxidative stress during the freeze-thawing process. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of different concentrations of cyclodextrin-vitamin E complex (CD-Vit E) on cryopreserved ram sperm. Ejaculates collected from five adult rams were pooled and divided into four aliquots. All aliquots were treated in Tris-extender (Tris-glucose-citric acid) containing 2 mg cholesterol-loaded methyl-β- cyclodextrin/120 × 106 spermatozoa and either 0 (Control), 2, 4 or 6 mg CD-Vit E/120 × 106 spermatozoa, corresponding to 0, 0...
June 6, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Dongmei Wu, Lang Chen, Fayuan Ji, Yang Si, Hongbin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs; oxcarbazepine [OXC], levetiracetam [LEV], and lamotrigine [LTG]) on semen quality, sexual function, and sex hormones in male adults with epilepsy. METHODS: Individual treatment with OXC, LEV, or LTG was randomly assigned to 38 newly diagnosed male adult patients with epilepsy. Semen quality and sex hormones were measured before treatment and 6 months after taking the medicine. A questionnaire was administered using the International Index of Erectile Function Scale-5 and the Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool Self-Assessment Scale to evaluate sexual function, followed by an analysis of the comparison between the treated patients and healthy volunteers (healthy controls) as well as the changes and differences between the patients themselves before and after treatment...
June 11, 2018: Epilepsia
André F C de Andrade, Rubens P Arruda, Mariana A Torres, Naira C G Pieri, Ticiano G Leite, Eneiva Carla C Celeghini, Leticia Z Oliveira, Thayna P Gardés, Maria Clara C Bussiere, Daniela F Silva
Nitric oxide (NO) is a reactive nitrogen species (RSN) that, over the years, has been shown to be integrated with biological and physiological events, including reproductive processes. NO can affect the functionality of spermatozoa through free radical scavenging, deactivating and inhibiting the production of superoxide anions (O2 .- ). However, the role of NO in mammalian spermatozoa physiology seems paradoxical. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NO on motility, hyperactivation, membrane integrity, peroxidation, and capacitation in cryopreserved equine sperm...
May 22, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
M Slowinska, E Liszewska, S Judycka, M Konopka, A Ciereszko
The extensive use of artificial insemination in turkeys has led to the development of in vitro semen storage. However, fertility rates from liquid stored and frozen/thawed turkey semen are still unsatisfactory. The aim of the study was to assess spermatozoa viability, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and reactive oxygen species production (ROS) in liquid stored and cryopreserved turkey semen with the use of flow cytometry. Moreover, motility and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content in sperm were monitored at the same time to link flow cytometry data with sperm movement and energetics...
June 1, 2018: Poultry Science
David Martin-Hidalgo, Maria C Gil, Ana Hurtado de Llera, Carlos J Perez, Maria J Bragado, Luis J Garcia-Marin
Herein we describe a new protocol to induce boar sperm hypermotility: temperature-induced hypermotility (TIH). Briefly, spermatozoa stored at 17°C in a calcium-free Tyrode's basal medium (containing EGTA) were exposed to increased temperature by incubation at 38.5°C. Hypermotility induced by the calcium ionophore A23187 was used as a control (calcium ionophore-induced hyperactivity (CIIH)). The increase in temperature led to an increase in the percentage of hypermotile spermatozoa. When the slope of the temperature increase is near zero, sperm hyperactivity becomes a more progressive movement...
May 30, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
S A Bisong, I E Ukoh, V U Nna, P E Ebong
Previous studies showed that exposure to stress or nicotine induced reproductive impairment in male rats. Here, we assessed the effect of an antioxidant (vitamin E) on nicotine-, stress- and nicotine + stress-induced reproductive impairment in male rats. Forty-eight male albino Wistar rats were divided into eight groups as follows; control, stress (generator noise 90-120 dB, 8 hr/day), nicotine (1.5 mg kg-1 day-1 ), nicotine + stress, vitamin E (100 mg kg-1 day-1 ), stress + vitamin E, nicotine + vitamin E and stress + nicotine + vitamin E...
May 28, 2018: Andrologia
Ruiying Diao, Xueyong Cai, Lu Liu, Lihua Yang, YongGang Duan, Zhiming Cai, Yaoting Gui, Lisha Mou
BACKGROUND: Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 6 (CCR6) is present in sperm and plays a significant role in sperm motility and chemotaxis acting in the reproductive tracts. However, the expression and functional significance of CCR6 in testis are still poorly understood, especially in the process of spermatogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS: CCR6 was expressed in spermatogenic cell lines and its expression was shown in an age-dependent upregulation manner from puberty to adulthood in mouse testis...
May 22, 2018: Biological Research
Katarzyna Dziewulska, Malwina Pilarska
BACKGROUND: In fish with external fertilization, two main start-up mechanisms of the path that blocks or activates the spermatozoan motility apparatus are known. The main factor managing the path is osmolality or potassium ion. In burbot from the European and North American population, contradictory findings regarding the factors influencing the onset of spermatozoa motility were reported. The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of potassium and osmolality on the spermatozoa activation of European burbot, Lota lota (Actinopterygii, Gadiformes, Lotidae)...
2018: PloS One
Maryam Zohour Soleimani, Farideh Jalali Mashayekhi, Morteza Mousavi Hasanzade, Maryam Baazm
Background: CatSper gene, a member of cation channel sperm family, has an essential role in sperm motility and male fertility. Following varicocele, sperm parameters especially sperm movement decreases. For this reason, we hypothesized that CatSper gene expression might be reduced after varicocele induction in an animal model. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of CatSper 1 and 2 genes, sperm parameters and testis histology following varicocele induction ...
March 2018: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Kazuo Inaba, Kogiku Shiba
Cilia and flagella are cell machines that power hydrodynamic forces by fast beating. They are composed of bundles of 9 + 2 microtubules that associate with several protein structures including axonemal dyneins and their regulators. Spermatozoa are single cells with in most cases a single flagellum and are good cell models to study how flagellar movements are regulated and linked to cell behavior. In addition, the assessment of sperm motility is an important diagnostic tool for evaluating male fertility in human reproductive medicine, and in livestock and fisheries sciences...
May 8, 2018: Microscopy
D M Pires, C D Corcini, A C de Silva, S Mm Gheller, F A Pereira, J R Pereira, J Re Muelbert, R D Jardim, J Re Garcia, A S Varela
  BACKGROUND: The cryopreservation protocol that has been developed exclusively for the preservation of the sperm of the species different. OBJECTIVE: this study was to evaluate the effect of the association of 10% DMSO with trehalose, raffinose, sucrose and lactose concentrations on the sperm cells of Piaractus mesopotamicus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sperms were collected from the animals through abdominal massage. The samples were diluted in the Beltsville Thawing Solution without different concentrations of other sugars (test conditions)...
March 2018: Cryo Letters
Carles Soler, José Á Picazo-Bueno, Vicente Micó, Anthony Valverde, Daznia Bompart, Francisco J Blasco, Juan G Álvarez, Almudena García-Molina
Sperm motility is one of the most significant parameters in the prediction of male fertility. Until now, both motility analysis using an optical microscope and computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA-Mot) entailed the use of counting chambers with a depth to 20µm. Chamber depth significantly affects the intrinsic sperm movement, leading to an artificial motility pattern. For the first time, laser microscopy offers the possibility of avoiding this interference with sperm movement. The aims of the present study were to determine the different motility patterns observed in chambers with depths of 10, 20 and 100µm using a new holographic approach and to compare the results obtained in the 20-µm chamber with those of the laser and optical CASA-Mot systems...
May 4, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Beata Irena Cejko, Sławomir Krejszeff, Daniel Żarski, Sylwia Judycka, Katarzyna Targońska, Dariusz Kucharczyk
The effect of carp pituitary homogenate (CPH, n = 7) at a dose of 2.0 mg kg-1 and (D-Arg6 , Pro9 NET)-sGnRH + domperidone (Ovaprim, n = 7) at a dose of 0.5 ml kg-1 in northern pike (Esox lucius) sperm maturation under controlled conditions was examined. On the control group, 0.9% NaCl at a dose of 1.0 ml kg-1 (n = 7) was used. Sperm was collected 48 h following injection. Sperm quantity (total sperm volume, total sperm production and sperm concentration), sperm motility using the Computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system and sperm and seminal plasma quality (sperm pH, seminal plasma osmotic pressure and seminal plasma pH) were determined for each male separately in each group...
April 19, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Nina Hårdnes Tremoen, Ann Helen Gaustad, Ina Andersen-Ranberg, Maren van Son, Teklu Tewoldebrhan Zeremichael, Kirsten Frydenlund, Eli Grindflek, Dag Inge Våge, Frøydis Deinboll Myromslien
Boar fertility has a major impact on overall pig reproductive efficiency. Using accurate and objective in vitro sperm variables for predicting in vivo fertility from a single ejaculate, however, is challenging. Motility is the most widely used indicator of sperm quality, and a computer assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system is now available for objective assessment of sperm motility characteristics. In this study sperm motility characteristics and semen ATP concentrations were investigated and the effect of both were evaluated on total number of piglets born (TNB) when Norwegian Landrace (NL) and Norwegian Duroc (ND) boar semen was used for AI...
April 19, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Agnieszka Partyka, Maciej Strojecki, Wojciech Niżański
This study was designed to test if treating chicken sperm with i) the cyclodextrins 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HBCD) and methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MBCD) alone improve fresh, liquid-stored and cryopreserved semen quality, or ii) cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrins (CLCs): 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin loaded with cholesterol (HCLC) and methyl-β-cyclodextrin loaded with cholesterol (MCLC) enhance chicken semen quality for application to assisted reproductive technologies. Three consecutive experiments were performed with different concentrations of additives: Exp...
April 21, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Sergii Boryshpolets, Vitaliy Kholodnyy, Jacky Cosson, Borys Dzyuba
Motility analysis of spermatozoa relies on the investigation of either head trajectories or flagellum characteristics. Those two sets of parameters are far from being independent, the flagellum playing the role of motor, whereas the head plays a passive role of cargo. Therefore, quantitative descriptions of head trajectories represent a simplification of the complex pattern of whole sperm cell motion, resulting from the waves developed by the flagellum. The flagellum itself responds to a large variety of signals that precisely control its axoneme to allow activation, acceleration, slowing down or reorientation of the whole spermatozoon...
April 13, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Gerhard van der Horst, Monique Bennett, John D D Bishop
Sperm movement has been described in several phyla of invertebrates. Yet, sperm motility has only been quantified using computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA-Mot) in externally fertilising species (broadcast spawners) of two phyla, molluscs and echinoderms. In the present study we quantified in detail the nature of the sperm tracks, percentage motility groupings and detailed kinematics of rapid-, medium- and slow-swimming spermatozoa in the oyster Crassostrea gigas and four species never previously studied by CASA-Mot, namely the molluscs Choromytilus meridionalis, Donax serra and Haliotis midae and the echinoderm Parechinus angulosus...
April 9, 2018: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
C Pan, Y Wu, Q Yang, J Ye
Depending on the mammal species, the use of seminal plasma during semen processing for cryopreservation has been found to have both beneficial and detrimental effects. This study was designed to determine the effects of seminal plasma concentration on the motility, sperm movement characteristics, and plasma and acrosome membrane integrity of chilled canine spermatozoa. After pooling the semen from seven dogs, samples for each assay were preserved at 4oC for 96h in extenders containing different seminal plasma concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% (v/v) seminal plasma)...
March 2018: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
Li Qian
The relationship between the interleukin (IL)-11 levels and semen quality of infertile males remains unknown. In this study, 120 semen samples from 60 normozoospermic volunteers and 60 infertile males were examined. The semen pH of the normozoospermic group was not significantly different from that of the infertile group. The semen volume, semen density, forward movement percentage, activity, survival rate and normal morphology rate of the sperm of the infertile group were significantly lower than those of the normozoospermic group...
August 2018: Cytokine
J P Barbas, T Leahy, A E Horta, M García-Herreros
Sperm cryopreservation in goats has been a challenge for many years due to the detrimental effects of seminal plasma enzymes produced by the bulbo-urethral glands which catalyse the hydrolysis of lecithins in egg yolk to fatty acids and lysolecithins which are deleterious to spermatozoa. This fact implies to carry out additional processing steps during sperm cryopreservation for seminal plasma removal triggering different sperm responses which may affect sperm functionality. The objective of the present study was to determine specific sperm subpopulation responses in different handling steps during the cryopreservation process by using functional sperm kinematic descriptors in caprine ejaculates...
June 2018: Cryobiology
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