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Pulmonary haemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182249/fixed-dose-subcutaneous-low-molecular-weight-heparins-versus-adjusted-dose-unfractionated-heparin-for-the-initial-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism
#1
REVIEW
Lindsay Robertson, Lauren E Jones
BACKGROUND: Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) have been shown to be effective and safe in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE). They may also be effective for the initial treatment of VTE. This is the third update of the Cochrane Review first published in 1999. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fixed dose subcutaneous low molecular weight heparin compared to adjusted dose unfractionated heparin (intravenous or subcutaneous) for the initial treatment of people with venous thromboembolism (acute deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism)...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155296/paraquat-intoxication-and-associated-pathological-findings-in-three-dogs-in-south-africa
#2
June H Williams, Zandri Whitehead, Erna Van Wilpe
Paraquat is a bipyridylium non-selective contact herbicide commonly used worldwide. When ingestion occurs by humans and animals either accidentally, intentionally or maliciously, paraquat selectively accumulates in the lungs resulting in the production of oxygen-free radicals, causing membrane damage and cell death. Intoxicated subjects typically show progressive and fatal pulmonary haemorrhage, collapse and oedema. In individuals surviving the acute phase, pulmonary fibrosis develops. Gastrointestinal-, renal- and central nervous system clinical signs may also occur...
November 9, 2016: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138763/-haemoptysis-intensive-care-management-of-pulmonary-hemorrhage
#3
J H Ficker, W M Brückl, J Suc, A Geise
There is a wide spectrum of severities in patients with pulmonary bleeding with a range from mild haemoptysis to severe bleeding with an acute risk of asphyxiation. For the management of acute pulmonary haemorrhage, it is essential to identify the underlying cause in order to initiate a target-oriented or causal therapy. The most common causes of localized pulmonary bleeding are lung cancer as well as infections, anticoagulant therapy or bronchiectasis. Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage is mostly due to pulmonary vasculitis or connective tissue disease, but may also occur in pulmonary metastasis, congestive heart failure, coagulation disorders and from many other causes...
January 30, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129766/severe-plasmodium-vivax-infection-in-korea
#4
Jae Hyoung Im, Hea Yoon Kwon, JiHyeon Baek, Seong Wook Park, Areum Durey, Kyung Hee Lee, Moon-Hyun Chung, Jin-Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Although severe malaria by Plasmodium vivax has been increasingly reported, there are marked variations in the type and rate of the complications by geographic area. This is possibly because of the presence of concurrent falciparum malaria or bacteraemia, and of differences in underlying immune status among the infected subjects. Furthermore, published studies on P. vivax in temperate regions are limited. The present study investigated severe vivax malaria in Korea, where only vivax malaria occurs...
January 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128518/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-women-with-severe-early-onset-pre-eclampsia-before-26-weeks-of-gestation-a-case-series
#5
M F van Oostwaard, L van Eerden, M W de Laat, J J Duvekot, Jjhm Erwich, Kwm Bloemenkamp, A C Bolte, Jpf Bosma, S V Koenen, R F Kornelisse, B Rethans, P van Runnard Heimel, Hcj Scheepers, W Ganzevoort, Bwj Mol, C J de Groot, Ipm Gaugler-Senden
OBJECTIVE: To describe the maternal and neonatal outcomes and prolongation of pregnancies with severe early onset pre-eclampsia before 26 weeks of gestation. DESIGN: Nationwide case series. SETTING: All Dutch tertiary perinatal care centres. POPULATION: All women diagnosed with severe pre-eclampsia who delivered between 22 and 26 weeks of gestation in a tertiary perinatal care centre in the Netherlands, between 2008 and 2014...
January 27, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118491/the-association-between-exercise-induced-pulmonary-haemorrhage-and-race-day-performance-in-thoroughbred-racehorses
#6
E J Crispe, G D Lester, C J Secombe, D I Perera
BACKGROUND: Exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (EIPH) is commonly implicated as a cause of poor athletic performance but there is limited and conflicting evidence for this association. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine if EIPH, based on endoscopic examination after racing, is associated with a variety of novel and established performance parameters. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational cross sectional study. METHODS: Thoroughbred racehorses competing between 2012-2015 were examined on-course no earlier than 30 minutes after racing...
January 24, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116446/dart-bid-for-loco-regionally-advanced-nsclc-summary-of-acute-and-late-toxicity-with-long-term-follow-up-experiences-with-pulmonary-dose-constraints
#7
Karl Wurstbauer, Franz Zehentmayr, Heinz Deutschmann, Karin Dagn, Ann-Katrin Exeli, Peter Kopp, Peter Porsch, Birgit Maurer, Michael Studnicka, Felix Sedlmayer
BACKGROUND: To report acute and late toxicity with long-term follow-up, and to describe our experiences with pulmonary dose constraints. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, 150 patients with 155 histologically/cytologically proven non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC; tumor stages II, IIIA, IIIB in 6, 55 and 39%, respectively) received the following median doses: primary tumors 79.2 Gy (range 72.0-90.0 Gy), lymph node metastases 59.4 Gy (54.0-73.8 Gy), nodes electively 45 Gy; with fractional doses of 1...
January 23, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115008/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-liver-disease-and-elevated-serum-testosterone-osler-weber-rendu-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
R Dissanayake, K P K Y M D S Wickramarathne, S N Seneviratne, S N Perera, M U J Fernando, V P Wickramasinghe
BACKGROUND: A Sri Lankan girl with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) is described. CASE PRESENTATION: She presented with recurrent spontaneous epistaxis, pulmonary arterio venous malformation and oral telangiectasia. A diagnosis of Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Osler-Weber-Rendu syndrome) was made based on the presence of three Curacao criteria (out of four). Evaluations of her jaundice revealed chronic parenchymal liver disease with multiple nodules in the liver with early portal hypertension...
January 23, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092783/pulmonary-emboli-cardiac-arrest-with-cpr-complication-liver-laceration-and-massive-abdominal-bleed-a-case-report
#9
John Lundqvist, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Massive pulmonary emboli may cause right ventricular failure and backward stasis with parenchymal organ swelling thus increasing the risk for laceration, e.g. if CPR is needed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old Colombian female with no medical history but taking contraceptive pills and having had a recent longer flight was admitted to Danderyds hospital Emergency Department because of respiratory failure. She developed cardiac arrest in the emergence department following the emergent diagnosis of pulmonary emboli...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050423/retroperitoneal-haematoma-in-a-patient-with-dengue-haemorrhagic-fever-a-rare-case-report
#10
Jasminder Singh, Harpreet Singh, Gagandeep Sukhija, Ruchi Jagota, Saroj Bala
Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) has diverse manifestations ranging from asymptomatic petechial skin haemorrhages to life threatening cerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal and genitourinary haemorrhages. However, the association of spontaneous retroperitoneal haematomas with DHF is not well documented in literature. We report a rare case of spontaneous retroperitoneal haematoma complicating DHF.
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045472/inhaled-nitric-oxide-for-respiratory-failure-in-preterm-infants
#11
REVIEW
Keith J Barrington, Neil Finer, Thomas Pennaforte
BACKGROUND: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is effective in term infants with hypoxic respiratory failure. The pathophysiology of respiratory failure and the potential risks of iNO differ substantially in preterm infants, necessitating specific study in this population. OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of treatment with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on death, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) or other serious brain injury and on adverse long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm newborn infants with hypoxic respiratory failure...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044006/pulmonary-microvascular-architecture-in-hereditary-haemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#12
Maximilian Ackermann, Steven J Mentzer, Wilfried Roth, Urban Geisthoff, Erich Stoelben
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043993/safety-and-reproducibility-of-virtual-assisted-lung-mapping-a-multicentre-study-in-japan%C3%A2
#13
Masaaki Sato, Taiji Kuwata, Keiji Yamanashi, Atsushi Kitamura, Kenji Misawa, Kota Imashimizu, Masashi Kobayashi, Masaki Ikeda, Terumoto Koike, Shinji Kosaka, Ryuta Fukai, Yasuo Sekine, Noritaka Isowa, Shin Hirayama, Hiroaki Sakai, Fumiaki Watanabe, Kazuhiro Nagayama, Akihiro Aoyama, Hiroshi Date, Jun Nakajima
OBJECTIVES: Virtual-assisted lung mapping (VAL-MAP) is a preoperative bronchoscopic multispot dye-marking technique using virtual images. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy and reproducibility of VAL-MAP among multiple centres. METHODS: Selection criteria included patients with pulmonary lesions anticipated to be difficult to identify at thoracoscopy and/or those undergoing sub-lobar lung resections requiring careful determination of resection margins...
January 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040200/follow-up-interval-for-small-untreated-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-in-hereditary-haemorrhagic-telangiectasia
#14
D J Ryan, T M O'Connor, M M Murphy, A P Brady
AIM: To investigate the natural history of untreated small (<3 mm) and microscopic pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) in order to discern the optimal frequency of follow-up thoracic computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the follow-up data for definite and suspected HHT patients with untreated PAVMs. RESULTS: For small PAVMs in definite HHT (n=13), PAVM enlargement was identified in one patient (1/13, 7...
March 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031049/clinical-and-radiological-features-driving-patient-selection-for-antiangiogenic-therapy-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#15
Cesare Gridelli, Andrea Camerini, Giovanni Pappagallo, Angelo Pennella, Michele Anzidei, Massimo Bellomi, Roberta Buosi, Rosario Francesco Grasso
BACKGROUND: The use of antiangiogenic therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) requires thorough evaluation of patient characteristics in order to avoid potential safety issues, particularly pulmonary haemorrhage (PH). The aim of this consensus by a panel of experts was to identify important criteria for the selection of patients with NSCLC who would benefit from antiangiogenic therapy. METHODS: Radiologists and oncologists were selected for the expert panel...
December 28, 2016: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028414/goodpasture-syndrome-diagnosed-one-year-and-a-half-after-the-appearance-of-the-first-symptoms-case-report
#16
Jagoda Stojkovikj, Sead Zejnel, Biljana Gerasimovska, Vesna Gerasimovska, Dragana Stojkovic, Martin Trajkovski, Irina Angelovska, Angela Debreslioska, Smilko Jovanovski
BACKGROUND: Goodpasture syndrome was originally described as an association of alveolar haemorrhage and glomerulonephritis. It occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissue. AIM: We are presenting a patient with a clinical picture of pulmonary haemorrhage and glomerulonephritis, which is diagnosed by renal biopsy. CASE PRESENTATION: His illness began a year and a half before being diagnosed. In that period he had occasional exacerbations...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005272/prophylactic-versus-selective-blood-transfusion-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with sickle cell disease (HbSS, HbSC and HbSβThal) may require blood transfusion to prevent severe anaemia or to manage potential medical complications. Preventive blood transfusion in the absence of complications starting from the early weeks of pregnancy or blood transfusion only for medical or obstetric indications have been used as management policies. There is currently no consensus on the blood transfusion policy that guarantees optimal clinical benefits with minimal risks for such women and their babies...
22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003419/47-year-old-female-with-an-apical-mass
#18
Jack Andrews, Christopher Ce Lang, Marc Dweck
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 47-year-old female with no medical history presented with a sudden collapse. Physical examination, chest X-ray and high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I were normal, however ECG demonstrated anterior T-wave inversion. CT pulmonary angiography was performed which ruled out pulmonary embolism but revealed a non-calcified, homogenous mass at the left ventricular (LV) apex. It was not clear whether this mass was intramyocardial or pericardial. Transthoracic echocardiography confirmed the apical mass but was unable to establish its aetiology...
December 21, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960245/bronchodilators-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-lung-disease-in-preterm-infants
#19
REVIEW
Geraldine Ng, Orlando da Silva, Arne Ohlsson
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung disease (CLD) occurs frequently in preterm infants. Bronchodilators have the potential effect of dilating small airways with muscle hypertrophy. Increased compliance and tidal volume and decreased pulmonary resistance have been documented with the use of bronchodilators in infants with CLD. Therefore, bronchodilators might have a role in the prevention and treatment of CLD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of bronchodilators given as prophylaxis or as treatment for CLD on mortality and other complications of preterm birth in infants at risk for or identified as having CLD...
14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904506/safety-and-efficacy-of-tenecteplase-versus-alteplase-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#20
REVIEW
Alexandre Guillermin, David Jun Yan, Arnaud Perrier, Christophe Marti
INTRODUCTION: Alteplase and tenecteplase are two widely used thrombolytic agents and are both approved for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. These two molecules have increased fibrin specificity compared with older thrombolytics but distinct pharmacokinetic properties and may differ in terms of risks and benefits. We decided to review the available evidence comparing the safety and efficacy of these two molecules in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or pulmonary embolism (PE)...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
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