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History of medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527078/our-headache-fellowship-a-10-year-history
#1
Paul Rizzoli
There has been a clear trend in American medical education after World War II toward training specialization and subspecialization. After some early specialization efforts by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology, further efforts were undertaken by the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties (UCNS), leading to the introduction of the neurologic subspecialty of Headache Medicine in March, 2005. The training program at our center at the Brigham and Women's Hospital Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School, in Boston, Massachusetts, was accredited in 2008 and has graduated 14 trainees since its inception...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526439/-over-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-primary-care-prevalence-and-determining-factors
#2
R Golpe, M Díaz-Fernández, N Mengual-Macenlle, P Sanjuán-López, I Martín-Robles, E Cano-Jiménez
INTRODUCTION: COPD under-diagnosis is common in Primary Health Care medicine, due to the low use of spirometry, but there is less information about over-diagnosis of the disease in patients that have a clinical diagnosis of COPD. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the study was to investigate the prevalence of COPD over-diagnosis in Primary Care medicine. Secondary objectives were to determine the factors associated with an incorrect clinical diagnosis of COPD and to analyse whether the pharmacological treatment is different for patients with correct or incorrect diagnosis...
May 17, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526020/salmonella-serotypes-and-their-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-apparently-healthy-dogs-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#3
Bitsu Kiflu, Haile Alemayehu, Mukarim Abdurahaman, Yohannes Negash, Tadesse Eguale
BACKGROUND: The close bond between pet animals and family members poses risk of infection with zoonotic bacterial pathogens such as Salmonella. No data is available on occurrence of Salmonella in dogs in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella from feces of apparently healthy dogs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. RESULTS: Of the total 360 dogs examined, 42 (11.7%; 95% Confidence limit of 8...
May 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525401/glidescope-versus-airtraq-dl-for-double-lumen-tracheal-tube-insertion-in-patients-with-a-predicted-or-known-difficult-airway-a-randomised-study
#4
Olivier Belze, Evan Lepage, Yvan Bazin, Pierre Kerourin, Jacques Fusciardi, Francis Remérand, Fabien Espitalier
BACKGROUND: Double-lumen tracheal tube (DLT) insertion can be managed with videolaryngoscopes such as the Glidescope or indirect laryngoscopes like the Airtraq DL. No study has compared both devices when a difficult intubation is predicted. OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis was that the Glidescope is superior to the Airtraq for double-lumen tube insertion in patients with a predicted or known difficult airway. DESIGN: Adult patients scheduled for elective thoracic surgery with a predicted risk (evaluated preoperatively using the Arné score) or history of difficult intubation were allocated randomly to one of two groups: a Glidescope group and an Airtraq group...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525203/-short-history-of-cranial-trauma-in-western-country-part-2
#5
J Noterman
The treatment of cranial traumatism has been the subject of numerous publications since the " corpus hippocraticum ". Following this period, the school of Alexandria will only be known thanks to Celsus. After him, Galen will determine the therapeutic attitude in accordance with the hippocratic theory. This theory will have an influence for more than 1.500 years. A better knowledge of anatomy will shake the galenic system for the first time at the Renaissance. The decisive progress will arise in the XIX century, with the emergence of experimental medicine, Pasteur's discoveries, and the greater knowledge of nervous system function...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524742/piqueria-trinervia-as-a-source-of-metabolites-against-giardia-intestinalis
#6
Yadira Rufino-González, Martha Ponce-Macotela, Manuel Jiménez-Estrada, Candy N Jiménez-Fragoso, Guadalupe Palencia, Gabriel Sansón-Romero, Anahi Anzo-Osorio, Mario N Martínez-Gordillo
CONTEXT: Piqueria trinervia Cav. (Asteraceae) is a plant species with a long history in traditional medicine to cure diarrhoea and other digestive disorders. OBJECTIVE: The study investigates the antigiardial activity of piquerol, trinervinol, red oil and two fractions (F1 and F2) from P. trinervia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: P. trinervia was collected in the Ajusco in Mexico City. Aerial parts were ground and mixed with water to obtain the extract, which was treated with dichloromethane to isolate piquerol and trinervinol (P & T)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524025/-effect-of-esmolol-on-hemodynamics-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-septic-shock
#7
Shupeng Wang, Min Li, Jun Duan, Li Yi, Xu Huang, Desheng Chen, Gang Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of heart rate control with esmolol on hemodynamics, inflammatory cytokines and clinical outcomes in patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted. The patients with septic shock admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of China-Japan Friendship Hospital from August 2014 to October 2016 were enrolled. After 24 hours of resuscitation and other therapy, they were randomly divided into two groups by sealed envelope...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523637/the-invention-of-artificial-fertilization-in-the-eighteenth-and-nineteenth-century
#8
Barbara Orland
Artificial insemination and other fertilization techniques are today considered central to the history of reproductive medicine. The medical treatment of infertile couples, however, constitutes just a small part of the whole story of artificial fertilization. Lazzaro Spallanzani (1729-1799) in particular, said to have been the inventor of artificial insemination, did not develop this method for medical purposes. He belonged to a generation of naturalists to whom artificial insemination was part of a heterogeneous series of investigations that were undertaken to explore the natural history of animal generation...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523173/thrombotic-responses-to-coronary-stents-bioresorbable-scaffolds-and-the-kounis-hypersensitivity-associated-acute-thrombotic-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Nicholas G Kounis, Ioanna Koniari, Anastasios Roumeliotis, Grigorios Tsigas, George Soufras, Nicholas Grapsas, Periklis Davlouros, George Hahalis
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with coronary stent implantation is a life-saving medical procedure that has become, nowadays, the most frequent performed therapeutic procedure in medicine. Plain balloon angioplasty, bare metal stents, first and second generation drug-eluting stents, bioresorbable and bioabsorbable scaffolds have offered diachronically a great advance against coronary artery disease and have enriched our medical armamentarium. Stented areas constitute vulnerable sites for endothelial damage, endothelial dysfunction, flow turbulence, hemorheologic changes, platelet dysfunction, coagulation changes and fibrinolytic disturbances...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523051/prevalence-of-anemia-and-related-factors-among-women-in-turkey
#10
Birsen Karaca Saydam, Rabia Ekti Genc, Fulden Sarac, Esin Ceber Turfan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of anemia and related factors among women in Turkey. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted at the outpatient clinics of the Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University Medical School. Randomly selected women were given questionnaires regarding their socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics. The data were coded and analyzed using SPSS version 17.0 software. Statistical analyses with 95% confidence intervals were considered to be significant if p<0...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522317/the-association-between-cytochrome-p450-3a-progesterone-receptor-polymorphisms-plasma-17-ohpc-concentrations-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#11
Martha L Bustos, Steve N Caritis, Kathleen A Jablonski, Uma M Reddy, Yoram Sorokin, John M Thorp, Michael W Varner, Ronald J Wapner, Jay D Iams, Marshall W Carpenter, Alan M Peaceman, Brian M Mercer, Anthony Sciscione, Dwight J Rouse, Susan M Ramin
BACKGROUND: Infants born before 37 weeks' gestation are of public health concern since complications associated with preterm birth are the leading cause of mortality in children under 5 years of age and a major cause of morbidity and lifelong disability. The administration of 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) reduces preterm birth by 33% in women with history spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). We demonstrated previously that plasma concentrations of 17-OHPC vary widely among pregnant women and that women with 17-OHPC plasma concentrations in the lowest quartile had SPTB rates of 40% vs rates of 25% in those women with higher concentrations...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521912/stressing-out-in-medieval-denmark-an-investigation-of-dental-enamel-defects-and-age-at-death-in-two-medieval-danish-cemeteries
#12
Julia A Gamble, Jesper L Boldsen, Robert D Hoppa
The influence of early life stress on later life experiences has become a major focus of research in medicine and more recently in bioarchaeology. Dental enamel, which preserves a record of childhood stress events, represents an important resource for this investigation when paired with the information from adult skeletal remains, such as age at death. The purpose of this research was to use a life history approach to the exploration of sex differences in the relationship between childhood stress and adult longevity by examining accentuated striae of Retzius (AS)...
June 2017: International Journal of Paleopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521374/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-ferula-hermonis-boiss-a-review
#13
Zohreh Sattar, Mehrdad Iranshahi
Ferula hermonis, a well-known species of the genus Ferula found in Lebanon and Syria, has a brilliant history in traditional medicine as it has been used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men and menopausal disturbances in women. Thanks to modern pharmacological and clinical investigations, F. hermonis is a valuable medicinal and condimental plant that may be used for the treatment of impotence and diabetes, the prevention of osteoporosis, and possesses anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties...
May 18, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513570/a-study-of-the-protective-properties-of-iraqi-olive-leaves-against-oxidation-and-pathogenic-bacteria-in-food-applications
#14
Ammar B Altemimi
There is an ancient and prodigious history of olive trees because of their nutritional, medicinal, and traditional uses. Intensive studies have been conducted on olive leaves because they have many positive and beneficial effects for human health. In this study, different solvents were used to examine the olive leaves for their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities and their possible food applications. The obtained results showed that the amounts of phenolic compounds of the olive leaf were 190.44 ± 0.50, 173 ± 1...
May 17, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511162/improvement-of-the-complex-medical-treatment-for-the-patients-w%C3%B1-th-chronic-biliary-pancreatitis
#15
L S Babinets, K Yu Kytsai, Yu Ya Kotsaba, I M Halabitska, N A Melnyk, I V Semenova, O S Zemlyak
INTRODUCTION: The most common reason of chronic pancreatitis is liver and bile ducts disease: functional disorders, chronic cholecystitis, cholelithiasis and cholecystectomy in medical history. All these changes are associated with the colloidal structure of bile, increased lithogenicity, gallstones formation, Oddi's sphincter dysfunction, dysmotility and inflammation in the bile ducts. THE AIM: to study the effectiveness of using medicine Liveria IC (metadoxine) in standard therapy as well as effect on spectrum of blood serum lipids and structural condition of liver (stiffness) and pancreas in patients with chronic biliary pancreatitis combined with obesity...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508939/-the-worlds-of-gods-in-medicine
#16
REVIEW
A Karenberg
BACKGROUND: A number of designations for diseases, medicines and human body structures derive from classical mythology. To date, these eponyms have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an overview of this fringe component of medical vocabulary, looks at the history of several terms and formulates hypotheses as to why such creative etymologies have come into being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In addition to relevant texts on ancient mythology, a variety of medical textbooks from the early modern period were analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506900/chinese-materia-medica-used-in-medicinal-diets
#17
Fang Tan, Yalin Chen, Xiaolei Tan, Yunyun Ma, Yong Peng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Medicinal diets have a history of more than 2000 years. Locally referred to as yaoshan (Chinese: ), a medicinal diet is understood in China as a dietary product that combines herbs and food with the purpose of preventing and treating diseases or improving health under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine theory. Medicinal diets are used in Chinese people's daily life and in specialized restaurants. Hundreds of Chinese materia medica (CMM) are used in medicinal diets; however, a comprehensive evaluation of medicinal diets is lacking...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506228/chinese-herbal-pulian-ointment-in-treating-psoriasis-vulgaris-of-blood-heat-syndrome-a-multi-center-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Nuo Li, Wenbin Zhao, Jianmin Xing, Jianping Liu, Guangzhong Zhang, Yunbi Zhang, Yuanwen Li, Wali Liu, Fei Shi, Yanping Bai
BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal Pulian ointment in treating psoriasis vulgaris of blood-heat syndrome. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Participants with psoriasis vulgaris of blood-heat syndrome were blinded and randomized to receive Pulian ointment or placebo ointment twice daily for 4 weeks, with follow-up 8 weeks after treatment...
May 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503221/management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-retail-drug-outlets-within-a-nigerian-community-a-descriptive-study
#19
Samirah N Abdu-Aguye, Aishatu Shehu, Ubaidullah I Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to describe attitudes and practices of both community pharmacies and patent and proprietary medicine vendor (PPMV) outlets towards over-the-counter (OTC) analgesic use for musculoskeletal pain states within Zaria, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2 phases from May to August 2016. Phase one was a cross-sectional survey of 40 retail drug outlets (10 community pharmacies and 30 PPMVs). A simulated patient scenario of a young adult male complaining of acute onset back pain was used to collect data on the type and quality of analgesic recommended, duration of consultation, as well as nature of information provided during the drug dispensing process...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503220/medication-reconciliation-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-admission-discrepancies-and-risk-factors
#20
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Yousif A Al-Osaimi, Nafis Haider
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation is a major component of safe patient care. One of the main problems in the implementation of a medication reconciliation process is the lack of human resources. With limited resources, it is better to target medication reconciliation resources to patients who will derive the most benefit from it. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of medication reconciliation errors identified by pharmacists performing medication reconciliation at admission...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
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