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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235304/-exploration-and-thoughts-about-zoological-origin-and-macroscopical-identification-of-chinese-material-medica-haima-in-china-pharmacopoeia
#1
Chao Jiang, Feng Shan, Yuan Yuan, Fu-Yan Liu, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Yan Jin, Yu-Yang Zhao, Lu-Qi Huang
"Haima" (Hippocampus) has a long history in China as an important traditional animal medicine, but many closely-related members of the Hippocampus genus are also used as Haima in particular regions. To investigate the real origin of "Haima", a herbalogical studies, particularly inpictures and photographs of the ancient literature are corroborated with seahorse specimens in museum, we confirm Chinese material medica "Haima" in China Pharmacopoeia is origin from H. kelloggi, 1901, H.spinosissimus, 1913, H. kuda, 1852, H...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235284/-recent-research-progress-in-immunomodulatory-effects-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-asthma-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Fang-Fang Zhou, Zhao-Xia Xu, Aipire Adila, Jin-Yao Li
Asthma is a kind of chronic respiratory inflammation, commonly with breathlessness, chest tightness, coughing, recurrent episodes of wheezing and airflow obstruction, severely affecting human health. A variety of immunocytes are involved in this chronic disease. Chinese herbal medicine(CHM) has a long history in the treatment of asthma. A large number of studies have shown that CHM could ameliorate asthma symptoms through regulating cellular immune responses. This paper reviewed the studies of CHM on the regulation of immunocytes and their mechanisms in recent years, including the count of inflammatory cells, maturation of dendritic cells, balance of helper T cell subtypes, induction of regulatory T cells and intracellular signaling pathways...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234713/promoting-early-detection-of-melanoma-during-the-mammography-experience
#3
A K Rzepecki, N Jain, Y Ali, L Chavez, J Choi, B Schlosser, E Liko-Hazizi, S M Friedewald, J K Robinson
Background: Invasive melanoma, a lethal form of skin cancer, is the seventh most common cancer in women. Factors such as a history of indoor tanning or sunburn and a personal or family history of skin cancer increase a woman's risk of developing a melanoma. Objective: Because the majority of melanomas occur in patients age 40 years or older, which is the age that is recommended for women to begin screening mammograms, the mammogram experience could be used to promote early detection of melanoma by introducing skin self-examinations (SSE) to a population of women who are already invested in preventive health...
December 2017: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234426/a-study-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-body-constitution-associated-with-overweight-obesity-and-underweight
#4
Mihui Li, Shuming Mo, Yubao Lv, Zihui Tang, Jingcheng Dong
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the associations among the nine types of body constitution in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with the outcomes of overweight, obesity, and underweight. Method: Participants aged 30 to 90 years were recruited from communities in Shanghai and assessed using a self-administered questionnaire pertaining to their demographics, lifestyles, and self-reported medical history. The data of 3748 participants with complete information was available for the analysis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233952/epidemiological-study-of-mortality-rate-from-alcohol-and-illicit-drug-abuse-in-iran
#5
Seyed Mohammad Sadegh Ghoreishi, Fatemeh Shahbazi, Seyed Davood Mirtorabi, Mohammad Reza Ghadirzadeh, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari
BACKGROUND: The estimate of mortality associated with illicit opiate use provides useful information to those directing and monitoring local, national and international policies and programs. This study investigated the epidemiology of mortality due to the illegal consumption of narcotics and psychotropic substances in the Iran to provide evidence-based public health data for useful programs and actions aimed at preventing drug-related mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233776/bovine-mastitis-an-appraisal-of-its-alternative-herbal-cure
#6
REVIEW
Saleem Mushtaq, Aabid Manzoor Shah, Aiyatullah Shah, Sajad Ahmad Lone, Aehtesham Hussain, Qazi Parvaiz Hassan, Md Niamat Ali
Bovine mastitis is globally recognised as the most common and costly disease affecting dairy herds. The disease causes huge financial losses to dairy industries by reduced yield and milk quality, deaths and culling of affected cows and also by associated treatment costs. The disease occurs due to invasion of the mammary glands by pathogenic bacteria followed by their multiplication in the milk producing tissues. The most common treatment method available against bovine mastitis is the intra-mammary infusion of antibiotics...
December 9, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231596/-current-situation-of-acupuncture-in-new-zealand
#7
Xiaoji Li, Youping Hu
The beginning of TCM acupuncture in New Zealand dates back to the middle of 19th century. After self-improvement for more than 100 years, TCM acupuncture has gained a considerable development. From the perspective of history and current situation, the development of acupuncture in New Zealand was elaborated in this article; in addition, the sustainable development of acupuncture was discussed from the perspective of education and training. In New Zealand, the TCM acupuncture and dry needling have played a dominant role in acupuncture treatments, which are practiced by TCM practitioners and physical therapists...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231494/-optimization-of-acupoint-application-scheme-in-the-treatment-of-bronchial-asthma-based-on-the-orthogonal-design-method
#8
Kuan Shi, Wenzhong Wu, Lanying Liu, Hesheng Wang, Dong Chen, Chengyong Liu, Cong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the primary and secondary factors of the allergic history, the frequency of acupoint application and the time of acupoint application in the treatment of bronchial asthma and optimize its scheme. METHODS: Eighty patients of bronchial asthma were selected as the subjects in the orthogonal trial. The herbal medicines were the empirical formula of acupoint application (prepared at the ratio as 2:2:1:1:1:1:1:1:1 of semen brassicae, rhizome corydalis, unprocessed radix kansui, asarum sieboldii, ephedra, semen lepidii, syzygium aromaticum, cortex cinnamomi and fructus gleditsiae) and used on bilateral Feishu (BL 13), Xinshu (BL 15), Geshu (BL 17) and Shenshu (BL 23)...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227795/divergent-effects-of-levetiracetam-and-tiagabine-against-spontaneous-seizures-in-adult-rats-following-neonatal-hypoxia
#9
Raymond Dunn, Bridget N Queenan, Daniel T S Pak, Patrick A Forcelli
Animal models are valuable tools for screening novel therapies for patients who suffer from epilepsy. However, a wide array of models are necessary to cover the diversity of human epilepsies. In humans, neonatal hypoxia (or hypoxia-ischemia) is one of the most common causes of epilepsy early in life. Hypoxia-induced seizures (HS) during the neonatal period can also lead to spontaneous seizures in adulthood. This phenomenon, i.e., early-life hypoxia leading to adult epilepsy - is also seen in experimental models, including rats...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227264/characteristics-of-changes-in-cognitive-functions-of-the-patients-with-hypertensive-disease
#10
L Gerasimenko, E Sid, V Lychko
Decline of the cognitive functions is one of the modern medicine actual problem. The influence of hypertension as modifiable risk factor in the evolution of cognitive impairment is emphasized in numerous investigations. Almost all the proposed in research literature data were obtained from the investigation of old patients group, who had high indexes of blood pressure and stroke histories. Therefore, we think that it is very impotent to detect the slight and moderate cognitive impairment of hypertensive patients of working age until the expressed clinical signs appear...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226748/epigenetic-biomarkers-current-strategies-and-future-challenges-for-their-use-in-the-clinical-laboratory
#11
José Luis García-Giménez, Marta Seco-Cervera, Trygve O Tollefsbol, Carlos Romá-Mateo, Lorena Peiró-Chova, Pablo Lapunzina, Federico V Pallardó
Epigenetic modifications and regulators represent potential molecular elements which control relevant physiological and pathological features, thereby contributing to the natural history of human disease. These epigenetic modulators can be employed as disease biomarkers, since they show several advantages and provide information about gene function, thus explaining differences among patient endophenotypes. In addition, epigenetic biomarkers can incorporate information regarding the effects of the environment and lifestyle on health and disease, and monitor the effect of applied therapies...
December 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226706/natural-products-and-hiv-aids
#12
Daniele C Cary, B Matija Peterlin
The study of natural products in biomedical research is not a modern conceit. Many of the most successful medical therapeutics are derived from natural products, including those studied in the field of HIV/AIDS. Biomedical research has a rich history of discovery based on screens of medicinal herbs and traditional medicine practices. Compounds derived from natural products which repress HIV and those that activate latent HIV have been reported. It is important to remember the tradition in medical research to derive therapies based on these natural products and to overcome the negative perception of natural products as as an "alternative medicine"...
December 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226050/determinants-of-computed-tomography-head-scan-ordering-for-patients-with-low-risk-headache-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Meaghan J Mackenzie, Rashi Hiranandani, Dongmei Wang, Tak Fung, Eddy Lang
Background Many specialty societies have found that neuroimaging in headache is a low-value intervention for benign presentations. This study describes factors that influence Emergency Room (ER) physicians' adherence to Choosing Wisely (CW) recommendations for low-risk headache patients presenting to Calgary's Emergency Departments (EDs). Emergency medicine has yet to address imaging in headache as a CW topic; however, this study may inform that decision. Methods Data were retrospectively collected for all patients presenting to Calgary EDs with headaches from April 1, 2014 to March 31, 2016...
October 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225933/changing-views-on-child-mortality-and-economic-sanctions-in-iraq-a-history-of-lies-damned-lies-and-statistics
#14
REVIEW
Tim Dyson, Valeria Cetorelli
In August 1990, Saddam Hussein's army invaded Kuwait and consequently the United Nations imposed economic sanctions on Iraq. In 1991, an international military alliance expelled the Iraqi army from Kuwait during a short war. Nevertheless, the economic sanctions remained in place-their removal required that Iraq should destroy its weapons of mass destruction. Subsequent years saw reports of acute suffering in Iraq. The sanctions undoubtedly greatly reduced the country's ability to import supplies of food and medicine...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225674/a-review-of-the-structure-and-training-pathways-for-obstetric-medicine-physicians-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#15
REVIEW
Irena Idel, Suet-Wan Choy, Catherine Marnoch, Lawrence P McMahon
In recent decades, women with significant medical conditions have increasingly chosen to become pregnant. This has broadened and intensified the interface between obstetrics and internal medicine, a collaboration which has always needed cooperation but which increasingly demands open discussion and planning to ensure optimal outcomes for mother and fetus. The aims of this article are to describe the state of obstetric medicine practice in Australia and New Zealand, including its history and development, the training and education curriculum, organisation of its service delivery, and potential opportunities for research and collaboration...
December 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224994/antitussive-and-expectorant-activities-of-licorice-and-its-major-compounds
#16
Yi Kuang, Bin Li, Jingran Fan, Xue Qiao, Min Ye
Licorice has been used as an antitussive and expectorant herbal medicine for a long history. This work evaluated the activities of 14 major compounds and crude extracts of licorice, using the classical ammonia-induced cough model and phenol red secretion model in mice. Liquiritin apioside (1), liquiritin (2), and liquiritigenin (3) at 50 mg/kg (i.g.) could significantly decrease cough frequency by 30-78% (p < .01). The antitussive effects could be partially antagonized by the pretreatment of methysergide or glibenclamide, but not naloxone...
December 2, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223347/-a-predictive-bacterial-infection-score-according-to-eosinophil-level-an-observational-study
#17
B Bouldoires, H Gil, T Soumagne, S Humbert, N Meaux Ruault, N Magy Bertrand
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that eosinopenia less than 0.04g/L is a marker of bacterial infection in the presence of unexplained inflammatory syndrome. The aim of our study was to test this hypothesis and to propose a predictive score for bacterial infection (score CIBLE, C reactive protein, bacterial infections, levels of leucocytes and eosinophils). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-center observational study of patients admitted to an internal medicine department in the year 2015 and presenting with an inflammatory biological syndrome...
December 6, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221970/practical-application-of-biogenic-amine-profiles-for-the-diagnosis-of-patients-with-ischemic-stroke
#18
Natalia Miękus, Ilona Olędzka, Piotr Kowalski, Paweł Miękus, Tomasz Baczek
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is still one of the major issues in medicine. Still, early diagnosis and misdiagnosis remain the main barriers for proper patient treatment and follow-up. Exploring new potential diagnostic biomarkers for IS is relevant to decrease patient morbidity and the occurrence of poststroke diseases. Biomedical analysis could bring new light to the background of IS and-in such a way-propose new bioanalytical tools for the early diagnosis, prognostication, and monitoring of IS...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220335/features-of-pharmaceutical-compounding-in-the-republic-of-tajikistan
#19
D S Alfred-Ugbenbo, A H Valiev, O A Zdoryk, V A Georgiyants
Despite the deep assortment of finished pharmaceutical products and the reduction in the number of compounding and hospital pharmacies in the Republic of Tajikistan, the need for extemporal medicinal products is still preserved and remains relevant. This article discusses the practice of compounding in the Republic of Tajikistan. History, laws, limits, regulatory institutions, protocols for compounding pharmacy set up, challenges, equipment, extemporaneous formulations, quality control, and storage within regulatory framework are discussed...
November 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218954/-study-on-formation-and-changes-of-dao-di-herbs-production-origin-of-gastrodia-elata
#20
Da-Hui Liu, Wen-Ling Gong, Zhi-Lai Zhan, Hua-Sheng Peng, Xiao Wang, Ke-Li Chen, Bi-Sheng Huang, Lan-Ping Guo
Gastrodia elata has been used in China for more than 2 000 years and it is a kind of valuable traditional Chinese medicine. The originrecords of G. elata were Mount Tai of Shandong and and Mount Song of Henan, which began in Wupu Bencao of Wei Jin Dynasties, and Tai'an and its surrounding areas had been the Do-di herbs production areas. But from the beginning of the Republic of China, G. elata origin has undergone major changes, Do-di herbs production areas moved westward to the southwest.In this paper,through literature research and field visits, we studied the formation and changes of Do-di herbs production areas of G...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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