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Dental pulp

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730235/histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-on-the-dental-pulp-of-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Alina Iren Moraru, Lelia Mihaela GheorghiŢă, Ionela Teodora Dascălu, Marilena Bătăiosu, Horia Octavian Manolea, Doriana Agop Forna, Ana Maria Râcă, Cristian Adrian RaŢiu, Oana Andreea Diaconu
Diabetes mellitus is a disease that brings numerous alterations in the human body, mainly on the blood vessels and nervous system, its complications being difficult to treat most of the time. Oral complications are largely known and studied. Changes that occur in the dental pulp are of importance for the dentists, considering regular procedures outcome. In early stages of the disease, new blood vessels appear especially under the odontoblasts layer as a reaction to stimuli. In later stages, the defense systems of the dental pulp are outnumbered, nervous branches will be destroyed and disorganized...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730101/comparative-analysis-of-different-feeder-layers-with-3t3-fibroblasts-for-culturing-rabbits-limbal-stem-cells
#2
Hui-Xian Wang, Xiao-Wei Gao, Bing Ren, Yan Cai, Wen-Jing Li, Yu-Li Yang, Yi-Jian Li
AIM: To explore the possibility of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (hUVECs), human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) and human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) serving as feeder cells in co-culture systems for the cultivation of limbal stem cells. METHODS: Different feeder layers were cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)/F12 and were treated with mitomycin C. Rabbits limbal stem cells (LSCs) were co-cultured on hUCMSCs, hUVECs, hDPSCs, hPDLSCs and NIH-3T3, and then comparative analysis were made between each group to see their respective colony-forming efficiency (CFE) assay and immunofluorescence (IPO13,CK3/12)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728750/trigeminocardiac-reflex-during-non-surgical-root-canal-treatment-of-teeth-with-irreversible-pulpitis
#3
James I-Sheng Huang, Hao-Hueng Chang, Chun-Pei Lin, Wan-Chuen Liao, Chia-Tze Kao, Tsui-Hsien Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Trigeminocardiac reflex (TCR) is a unique clinical incident of acute change in hemodynamic balance, which may lead to hypotension, bradycardia, and even clinical crisis. Up to date, no study so far considers the impact of non-surgical root canal treatment (NSRCT) of irreversible pulpitis teeth under either local infiltration or block anesthesia on hemodynamic change possibly related to TCR. METHODS: This study enrolled 111 patients with 138 irreversible pulpitis teeth that were treated by two sessions of NSRCT...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727999/drug-ion-co-delivery-multi-functional-nanocarrier-to-regenerate-infected-tissue-defect
#4
Jung-Hwan Lee, Ahmed El-Fiqi, Nandin Mandakhbayar, Hae-Hyoung Lee, Hae-Won Kim
Regeneration of infected tissues is a globally challenging issue in medicine and dentistry. Common clinical therapies involving a complete removal of infected areas together with a treatment of antimicrobial drugs are often suboptimal. Biomaterials with anti-bacterial and pro-regenerative potential can offer a solution to this. Here we design a novel nanocarrier based on a mesoporous silicate-calcium glass by doping with Ag ions and simultaneously loading antimicrobial drugs onto mesopores. The nanocarriers could controllably release multiple ions (silver, calcium, and silicate) and drugs (tetracycline or chlorohexidine) to levels therapeutically relevant, and effectively internalize to human dental stem cells (∼90%) with excellent viability, ultimately stimulating odontogenic differentiation...
July 12, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722829/megakaryocytes-enhance-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-proliferation-and-inhibit-differentiation
#5
Arbi M Emmakah, Hussain E Arman, Marta B Alvarez, Paul J Childress, Joseph P Bidwell, William S Goebel, Tien-Min Gabriel Chu, Melissa A Kacena
Megakaryocytes (MKs) can induce proliferation of calvarial osteoblasts [Ciovacco et al., 2009], but this same phenomenon has not been reported for bone marrow stromal populations from long bones. Bone marrow contains several types of progenitor cells which can be induced to differentiate into multiple cell types. Herein, we examined mesenchymal stromal cell proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation when rabbit or mouse MK were cultured with i) rabbit bone marrow stromal cells, ii) rabbit dental pulp stromal cells, or iii) mouse bone marrow stromal cells...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719833/in-silico-search-of-inhibitors-of-streptococcus-mutans-for-the-control-of-dental-plaque
#6
Rodrigo Ochoa, María Cecilia Martínez-Pabón, María Adelaida Arismendi-Echeverri, Willer Leandro Rendón-Osorio, Carlos Enrique Muskus-López
Biofilm is an extremely complex microbial community arranged in a matrix of polysaccharides and attached to a substrate. Its development is crucial in the pathophysiology of oral infections like dental caries, as well as in periodontal, pulp, and periapical diseases. Streptococcus mutans is one of the most effective microorganisms in lactic acid production of the dental biofilm. Identifying essential Streptococcus mutans proteins using bioinformatics methods helps to search for alternative therapies. To this end, the bacterial genomes of several Streptococcus mutans strains and representative strains of other cariogenic and non-cariogenic bacteria were analysed by identifying pathogenicity islands and alignments with other bacteria, and by detecting the exclusive genes of cariogenic species in comparison to the non-pathogenic ones...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714175/schwann-cells-secrete-extracellular-vesicles-to-promote-and-maintain-the-proliferation-and-multipotency-of-hdpcs
#7
Ziyue Li, Yan Liang, Kuangwu Pan, Hui Li, Mei Yu, Weihua Guo, Guoqing Chen, Weidong Tian
OBJECTIVES: Schwann cells (SCs) are the principal glial cells in peripheral nerve system, involved in neuropathies with great regenerative potential. Dental pulp cells have been reported to maintain neurogenic potential. In contrast, the regulatory role of SCs on human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) development remains undefined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SC secretion and SC-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) were collected and used to treat hDPCs; and proliferation and multiple differentiation of hDPCs were detected after EVs treatments...
August 2017: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713908/comparison-of-gene-expression-profiles-between-dental-pulp-and-periodontal-ligament-tissues-in-humans
#8
Ai-Xiu Gong, Jing-Han Zhang, Jing Li, Jun Wu, Lin Wang, Deng-Shun Miao
There are anatomical and functional differences between human dental pulp (DP) and periodontal ligament (PDL). However, the molecular biological differences and function of these tissues are poorly understood. In the present study, we employed a cDNA microarray array to screen for differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between human DP and PDL tissues, and used the online software WebGestalt to perform the functional analysis of the DEGs. In addition, the STRING database and KEGG pathway analysis were applied for interaction network and pathway analysis of the DEGs...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713614/condition-medium-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-retinoic-acid-induces-the-transdifferentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-into-neuroglia-and-neural-like-cells
#9
Sara Haratizadeh, Maryam Nazm Bojnordi, Shahram Darabi, Narges Karimi, Mehrdad Naghikhani, Hatef Ghasemi Hamidabadi, Morteza Seifi
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contains several molecules which are essential for neurogenesis. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are putatively neural crest cell-derived that can differentiate into neurons and glial cells under appropriate neurotrophic factors. The aim of this study was to induce differentiation of hDPSCs into neuroglial phenotypes using retinoic acid (RA) and CSF. The hDPSCs from an impacted third molar were isolated by mechanical and digestion and cultured. The cells have treated by 10(-7) µM RA (RA group) for 8 days, 10% CSF (CSF group) for 8 days and RA with CSF for 8 days (RA/CSF group)...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713017/intracellular-co-delivery-of-sr-ion-and-phenamil-drug-through-mesoporous-bioglass-nanocarriers-synergizes-bmp-signaling-and-tissue-mineralization
#10
Jung-Hwan Lee, Nandin Mandakhbayar, Ahmed El-Fiqi, Haw-Won Kim
Inducing differentiation and maturation of resident multipotent stem cells (MSCs) is an important strategy to regenerate hard tissues in mal-calcification conditions. Here we explore a co-delivery approach of therapeutic molecules comprised of ion and drug through a mesoporous bioglass nanoparticle (MBN) for this purpose. Recently, MBN has offered unique potential as a nanocarrier for hard tissues, in terms of high mesoporosity, bone bioactivity (and possibly degradability), tunable delivery of biomolecules, and ionic modification...
July 13, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708639/pulp-vitality-of-maxillary-canines-after-alveolar-cleft-bone-grafting-pulse-oximetry-versus-electric-pulp-test-versus-cold-test
#11
Abbas Ali Khademi, Maryam Montazeri Shahtouri, Bijan Movahedian Attar, Niloofar Rikhtegaran
OBJECTIVES: Assessment of pulp vitality is necessary prior to any dental treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess pulp vitality of bilateral canines in unilateral cleft patients following alveolar bone graft surgery using pulse oximetry, electrical pulp test, and cold test. METHODS: This analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted on canines of 20 unilateral cleft patients who had alveolar bone graft surgery. Pulp vitality of canines was evaluated postoperatively by pulse oximetry, electrical pulp test, and cold test...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706494/rna-sequencing-analyses-demonstrate-the-involvement-of-canonical-transient-receptor-potential-channels-in-rat-tooth-germ-development
#12
Jun Yang, Wenping Cai, Xi Lu, Shangfeng Liu, Shouliang Zhao
Tooth development depends on multiple molecular interactions between the dental epithelium and mesenchyme, which are derived from ectodermal and ectomesenchymal cells, respectively. We report on a systematic RNA sequencing analysis of transcriptional expression levels from the bud to hard tissue formation stages of rat tooth germ development. We found that GNAO1, ENO1, EFNB1, CALM1, SIAH2, ATP6V0A1, KDELR2, GTPBP1, POLR2C, SORT1, and members of the canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channel family are involved in tooth germ development...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701634/mitochondria-regulate-the-differentiation-of-stem-cells-from-human-exfoliated-deciduous-teeth
#13
Hiroki Kato, Thanh Thi Mai Pham, Haruyoshi Yamaza, Keiji Masuda, Yuta Hirofuji, Xu Han, Hiroshi Sato, Tomoaki Taguchi, Kazuaki Nonaka
Stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) are isolated from the dental pulp tissue of primary teeth and can differentiate into neuronal cells. Although SHED are a desirable type of stem cells for transplantation therapy and for the study of neurological diseases, a large part of the neuronal differentiation machinery of SHED remains unclear. Recent studies have suggested that mitochondrial activity is involved in the differentiation of stem cells. In the present work, we investigated the neuronal differentiation machinery of SHED by focusing on mitochondrial activity...
July 11, 2017: Cell Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699387/low-laser-therapy-a-strategy-to-promote-the-osteogenic-differentiation-of-deciduous-dental-pulp-stem-cells-from-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#14
Carla Cristina Gomes Pinheiro, Milena Correa de Pinho, Ana Cecília Corrêa Aranha, Eduardo Fregnani, Daniela Franco Bueno
Dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) can undergo several types of differentiation, including osteogenic differentiation. One osteogenesis-inducing factor that has been previously described is "in vitro" low-level laser irradiation of cells. Laser irradiation promotes the acceleration of bone matrix mineralization of the cell strain. However, no consensus exists regarding the dose and treatment time. We used DPSC strains from cleft lip and palate patients because new bone tissue engineering strategies have used DPSC in preclinical and clinical trials for the rehabilitation of alveolar bone clefts...
July 12, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693477/clinical-consequences-of-untreated-dental-caries-assessed-using-pufa-index-and-its-covariates-in-children-residing-in-orphanages-of-pakistan
#15
Ramsha Kamran, Warda Farooq, Mehreen Riaz Faisal, Faisal Jahangir
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical effects of untreated dental caries in Pakistani children residing in orphanages using the DMFT and PUFA index; association of decay and untreated dental caries with demographics including type of orphanage; behavioural and dental visiting pattern; and association of dental pain experience and type of orphanage with dental visiting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 753 orphan children belonging to 4-17 years of age group residing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692829/effects-of-melatonin-on-the-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells
#16
Qin Liu, Wenguo Fan, Yifan He, Fuping Zhang, Xiaoyan Guan, Qianyi Deng, Xianjun Lu, Hongwen He, Fang Huang
OBJECTIVE: Effects of melatonin on the proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on the proliferation and differentiation of the hDPCs. DESIGN: Primary hDPCs were obtained from the third molar of volunteer aged from 18 to 25. CCK8 assay evaluated the effect of melatonin upon cell proliferation at day 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. After 7days' osteogenic induction with melatonin or vehicle, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured with a commercial kit...
June 30, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691462/odontomas-review-of-the-literature-and-case-reports
#17
C Gervasoni, A Tronchet, S Spotti, S Valsecchi, V Palazzolo, S Riccio, A D Aiuto, L Azzi, A Di Francesco
Odontomas are one of the most common Odontogenic Tumors of the jaw. The exact etiology of odontomas is unknown. Histologically they are composed of various formations of dental tissue (enamel, dentin, cementum and sometimes pulp). In the WHO classification, they are divided into complex odontoma and compound odontoma. Clinically, odontomas are generally asymptomatic and only in rare cases cause swelling, pain, suppuration or bony expansion. Radiologically, the tumor is initially lucent, but with time, it develops small calcifications, which eventually coalesce to form a radiodense lesion with a lucent rim...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691235/outcomes-of-the-conventional-and-biological-treatment-approaches-for-the-management-of-caries-in-the-primary-dentition
#18
Alaa BaniHani, Monty Duggal, Jack Toumba, Chris Deery
BACKGROUND: In the last few years, conventional restorations including complete removal of carious tissue (CT) with or without pulp therapy for the treatment of carious lesions (CL) in primary teeth have been challenged and a more biological approach has been suggested. This approach involves the use of less invasive techniques which alter the environment of the CL isolating it from the cariogenic biofilm and substrate. Two of these treatment approaches that are becoming increasingly widely accepted and used in paediatric dentistry are the Hall Technique and indirect pulp capping (IPC)...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688180/effect-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-sdf-on-the-dentin-pulp-complex-ex-vivo-histological-analysis-on-human-primary-teeth-and-rat-molars
#19
Glenda Rossi, Aldo Squassi, Patricia Mandalunis, Andrea Kaplan
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of SDF on the dentin-pulp complex using two models: teeth after SDF application (ex vivo) and experimental animal molars. A descriptive study was performed using two models. In the first model, primary teeth (ex vivo) with enamel-dentin caries, without pulp involvement and previously treated with 38% SDF, were evaluated by means of two techniques: (a) Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray detector (EDS) to determine qualitative and quantitative composition, and (b) brightfield optical microscopy (OM) after decalcification...
April 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687960/dental-pulp-stem-cells-and-neurogenesis
#20
Ibrahim Mortada, Rola Mortada, Mohamad Al Bazzal
Recent advances in regenerative medicine and cell-based therapy are bringing promising perspectives for the use of stem cells in clinical trials. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells capable of multilineage differentiation and available in numerous sources in the human body. Dental pulp constitutes an attractive source of these cells since collecting mesenchymal stem cells from this site is a noninvasive procedure which can be done following a common surgical extraction of supernumerary or wisdom teeth. Thus tissue sacrifice is very low and several cytotypes can be obtained owing to these cells' multipotency, in addition to the fact that they can be cryopreserved and stored for long periods...
July 8, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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