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Bordetella bronchiseptica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177609/fine-epitope-mapping-of-two-antibodies-neutralizing-the-bordetella-adenylate-cyclase-toxin
#1
Xianzhe Wang, James A Stapleton, Justin R Klesmith, Erik L Hewlett, Tim A Whitehead, Jennifer A Maynard
Adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT) is an important B. pertussis virulence factor that is not included in current acellular pertussis vaccines. We previously demonstrated that immunization with the repeat-in-toxin (RTX) domain of ACT elicits neutralizing antibodies in mice and discovered the first two antibodies to neutralize ACT activities by occluding the receptor-binding site. Here, we fully characterized these antibodies and their epitopes. Both antibodies bind ACT with low nanomolar affinity and cross-react with ACT homologs produced by B...
February 8, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174558/environmental-origin-of-the-genus-bordetella
#2
Illiassou Hamidou Soumana, Bodo Linz, Eric T Harvill
Members of the genus Bordetella include human and animal pathogens that cause a variety of respiratory infections, including whooping cough in humans. Despite the long known ability to switch between a within-animal and an extra-host lifestyle under laboratory growth conditions, no extra-host niches of pathogenic Bordetella species have been defined. To better understand the distribution of Bordetella species in the environment, we probed the NCBI nucleotide database with the 16S ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene sequences from pathogenic Bordetella species...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167784/bordetella-plrsr-regulatory-system-controls-bvgas-activity-and-virulence-in-the-lower-respiratory-tract
#3
M Ashley Bone, Aaron J Wilk, Andrew I Perault, Sara A Marlatt, Erich V Scheller, Rebecca Anthouard, Qing Chen, Scott Stibitz, Peggy A Cotter, Steven M Julio
Bacterial pathogens coordinate virulence using two-component regulatory systems (TCS). The Bordetella virulence gene (BvgAS) phosphorelay-type TCS controls expression of all known protein virulence factor-encoding genes and is considered the "master virulence regulator" in Bordetella pertussis, the causal agent of pertussis, and related organisms, including the broad host range pathogen Bordetella bronchiseptica We recently discovered an additional sensor kinase, PlrS [for persistence in the lower respiratory tract (LRT) sensor], which is required for B...
February 6, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139956/bacterial-microbiota-in-harbor-seals-phoca-vitulina-from-the-north-sea-of-schleswig-holstein-germany-around-the-time-of-morbillivirus-and-influenza-epidemics
#4
Ursula Siebert, Marion Rademaker, Sophie A Ulrich, Peter Wohlsein, Katrin Ronnenberg, Ellen Prenger-Berninghoff
We present microbiologic findings in harbor seal (phoca; Phoca vitulina ) carcasses collected from the North Sea of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 1996-2014, and interpret results in relation to potential variations caused by phocine distemper virus and influenza A virus mass mortalities. We conducted microbiologic investigations on 2,124 tissue samples from lung, liver, kidney, spleen, intestine, and mesenteric lymph nodes from 549 dead harbor seals of the German North Sea. A large variety of bacteria, including potentially pathogenic species such as Bordetella bronchiseptica , Brucella spp...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078081/occurrence-of-pasteurella-multocida-among-pigs-with-respiratory-disease-in-china-between-2011-and-2015
#5
Huisheng Liu, Zhanqin Zhao, Xiaojian Xi, Qiao Xue, Ta Long, Yun Xue
BACKGROUND: Prior to the 1990s, P. multocida capsular serogroup A was the most prevalent in China, followed by serogroups B and D. Thirty years later, serogroup D became the most prevalent, followed by serogroups A and B. However, the P. multocida capsular serogroups currently circulating in China remain unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide an update on P. multocida serogroups isolated from diagnostic samples collected from clinically diseased pigs in Central and Eastern China from 2011 to 2015...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040392/modifications-of-bordetella-bronchiseptica-core-lipopolysaccharide-influence-immune-response-without-affecting-protective-activity
#6
Federico Sisti, Julieta Fernández, Andrés Cordero, Adriana Casabuono, Alicia Couto, Daniela Hozbor
Bordetella bronchiseptica produces respiratory disease primarily in mammals including humans. Although a considerably amount of research has been generated regarding lipopolysaccharide (LPS) role during infection and stimulating innate and adaptive immune response, mechanisms involved in LPS synthesis are still unknown. In this context we searched in B. bronchiseptica genome for putative glycosyltransferases. We found possible genes codifying for enzymes involved in sugar substitution of the LPS structure. We decided to analyse BB3394 to BB3400 genes, closed to a previously described LPS biosynthetic locus in B...
December 21, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932683/survival-of-bacteria-of-laboratory-animal-origin-on-cage-bedding-and-inactivation-by-hydrogen-peroxide-vapour
#7
Laurentiu Benga, W Peter M Benten, Eva Engelhardt, Christina Gougoula, Roland Schulze-Röbbecke, Martin Sager
This study aims to determine the ability of laboratory animal bacteria to resist desiccation and inactivation by hydrogen peroxide vapour (HPV) on paper bedding pieces. Bedding pieces were saturated with bacterial suspensions in water or 2% (w/v) bovine serum albumin (BSA) in water, and held in a mouse facility. Viable counts showed variable survival rates over time for the bacterial species used ([Pasteurella] pneumotropica, Muribacter muris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter redioresistens, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella oxytoca, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Bordetella hinzii, Enterococcus faecalis, β-haemolytic Streptococcus spp...
December 8, 2016: Laboratory Animals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902262/saccharedens-versatilis-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-sugar-degrading-member-of-the-burkholderiales-isolated-from-cephalotes-rohweri-ant-guts
#8
Jonathan Y Lin, William J Hobson, John T Wertz
Cephalotes "turtle" ants host a core group of gut-associated symbionts, but their potential contributions to ant nutrition and disease resistance remain uncharacterized in vitro. To gain a better understanding of the metabolic capability of core symbionts belonging to the Burkholderiales, we cultivated and characterized strain CAG32T, isolated from the guts of Cephalotes rohweri ants. Strain CAG32T was rod-shaped, Gram-negative, motile, and formed pale-white colonies on trypticase soy agar. Optimum growth occurred under an atmosphere of 20% O2 supplemented with 1% CO2...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860343/isolation-of-campylobacter-spp-from-client-owned-dogs-and-cats-and-retail-raw-meat-pet-food-in-the-manawatu-new-zealand
#9
K Bojanić, A C Midwinter, J C Marshall, L E Rogers, P J Biggs, E Acke
Campylobacter causes acute gastroenteritis in people worldwide and is frequently isolated from food, animals and the environment. The disease is predominately food-borne but many routes of transmission and sources of infection have been described, including contact with pets. The prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs and cats varies widely, and data on New Zealand pets are limited. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in dogs, cats and retail raw meat pet food products in New Zealand and to characterize Campylobacter jejuni isolates using multilocus sequence typing (MLST)...
November 12, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783449/essential-role-of-bordetella-nadc-in-a-quinolinate-salvage-pathway-for-nad-biosynthesis
#10
Timothy J Brickman, Ryan J Suhadolc, Pamela J McKelvey, Sandra K Armstrong
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is produced via de novo biosynthesis pathways and by salvage or recycling routes. The classical Bordetella bacterial species are known to be auxotrophic for nicotinamide or nicotinic acid. This study confirmed that Bordetella bronchiseptica, Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis have the recycling/salvage pathway genes pncA and pncB, for use of nicotinamide or nicotinic acid, respectively, for NAD synthesis. Although these Bordetellae lack the nadA and nadB genes needed for de novo NAD biosynthesis, remarkably, they have one de novo pathway gene, nadC, encoding quinolinate phosphoribosyltransferase...
October 26, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731909/bordetella-adenylate-cyclase-toxin-interacts-with-filamentous-haemagglutinin-to-inhibit-biofilm-formation-in-vitro
#11
Casandra Hoffman, Joshua Eby, Mary Gray, F Heath Damron, Jeffrey Melvin, Peggy Cotter, Erik Hewlett
Bordetella pertussis, the causative agent of whooping cough, secretes and releases adenylate cyclase toxin (ACT), which is a protein bacterial toxin that targets host cells and disarms immune defenses. ACT binds filamentous haemagglutinin (FHA), a surface-displayed adhesin, and until now, the consequences of this interaction were unknown. A B. bronchiseptica mutant lacking ACT produced more biofilm than the parental strain; leading Irie et al. to propose the ACT-FHA interaction could be responsible for biofilm inhibition...
January 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716057/acquisition-and-loss-of-virulence-associated-factors-during-genome-evolution-and-speciation-in-three-clades-of-bordetella-species
#12
Bodo Linz, Yury V Ivanov, Andrew Preston, Lauren Brinkac, Julian Parkhill, Maria Kim, Simon R Harris, Laura L Goodfield, Norman K Fry, Andrew R Gorringe, Tracy L Nicholson, Karen B Register, Liliana Losada, Eric T Harvill
BACKGROUND: The genus Bordetella consists of nine species that include important respiratory pathogens such as the 'classical' species B. bronchiseptica, B. pertussis and B. parapertussis and six more distantly related and less extensively studied species. Here we analyze sequence diversity and gene content of 128 genome sequences from all nine species with focus on the evolution of virulence-associated factors. RESULTS: Both genome-wide sequence-based and gene content-based phylogenetic trees divide the genus into three species clades...
September 30, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666464/prior-exposure-to-bordetella-species-as-an-exclusion-criterion-in-the-baboon-model-of-pertussis
#13
Annalee W Nguyen, Ellen K Wagner, Luciano Posada, Xinlei Liu, Sheila Connelly, James F Papin, Roman F Wolf, Michael Kaleko, Jennifer A Maynard
The baboon model of Bordetella pertussis infection is the newest and most clinically accurate model of the human disease to date. However, among the 15 experimentally infected baboons in this study, a subset of baboons did not exhibit the expected high bacterial colonization levels or increase in white blood cell count. Moreover, cultures of nasopharyngeal wash samples from several baboons suggested B. bronchiseptica coinfection. Analysis of serum antibodies recognizing filamentous hemagglutinin, pertussis toxin and B...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659847/bordetella-bronchiseptica-antigen-enhances-the-production-of-mycoplasma-hyopneumoniae-antigen-specific-immunoglobulin-g-in-mice
#14
Seol-Hwa Yim, Tae-Wook Hahn, Hong-Gu Joo
We previously demonstrated that Bordetella bronchiseptica (B. bronchiseptica) antigen (Ag) showed high immunostimulatory effects on mouse bone marrow cells (BMs) while Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M. hyopneumoniae) Ag showed low. The focus of this study was if B. bronchiseptica Ag may enhance M. hyopneumoniae Ag-specific immune response, and also the host immune system can recognize both Ags. MTT assay revealed that each or both Ags did not significantly change the cell metabolic activity of BMs. Flow cytometry analysis using carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester presented that B...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628741/the-first-siphoviridae-family-bacteriophages-infecting-bordetella-bronchiseptica-isolated-from-environment
#15
Aleksandra Petrovic, Rok Kostanjsek, Gabor Rakhely, Petar Knezevic
Bordetella bronchiseptica is a well-known etiological agent of kennel cough in dogs and cats and one of the two causative agents of atrophic rhinitis, a serious swine disease. The aim of the study was to isolate B. bronchiseptica bacteriophages from environmental samples for the first time. A total of 29 phages from 65 water samples were isolated using the strain ATCC 10580 as a host. The lytic spectra of the phages were examined at 25 and 37 °C, using 12 strains of B. bronchiseptica. All phages were able to plaque on 25...
September 15, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610105/sequence-based-screening-for-rare-enzymes-new-insights-into-the-world-of-amdases-reveal-a-conserved-motif-and-58-novel-enzymes-clustering-in-eight-distinct-families
#16
Janine Maimanakos, Jennifer Chow, Sarah K Gaßmeyer, Simon Güllert, Florian Busch, Robert Kourist, Wolfgang R Streit
Arylmalonate Decarboxylases (AMDases, EC 4.1.1.76) are very rare and mostly underexplored enzymes. Currently only four known and biochemically characterized representatives exist. However, their ability to decarboxylate α-disubstituted malonic acid derivatives to optically pure products without cofactors makes them attractive and promising candidates for the use as biocatalysts in industrial processes. Until now, AMDases could not be separated from other members of the aspartate/glutamate racemase superfamily based on their gene sequences...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542997/comparison-of-ribotyping-and-sequence-based-typing-for-discriminating-among-isolates-of-bordetella-bronchiseptica
#17
Karen B Register, Tracy L Nicholson, Brian W Brunelle
PvuII ribotyping and MLST are each highly discriminatory methods for genotyping Bordetella bronchiseptica, but a direct comparison between these approaches has not been undertaken. The goal of this study was to directly compare the discriminatory power of PvuII ribotyping and MLST, using a single set of geographically and genetically diverse strains, and to determine whether subtyping based on repeat region sequences of the pertactin gene (prn) provides additional resolution. One hundred twenty-two isolates were analyzed, representing 11 mammalian or avian hosts, sourced from the United States, Europe, Israel and Australia...
October 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541336/functional-identification-of-putrescine-c-and-n-hydroxylases
#18
Bin Li, Tiffany Lowe-Power, Shin Kurihara, Stephen Gonzales, Jacinth Naidoo, John B MacMillan, Caitilyn Allen, Anthony J Michael
The small polyamine putrescine (1,4-diaminobutane) is ubiquitously and abundantly found in all three domains of life. It is a precursor, through N-aminopropylation or N-aminobutylation, for biosynthesis of the longer polyamines spermidine, sym-homospermidine, spermine, and thermospermine and longer and branched chain polyamines. Putrescine is also biochemically modified for purposes of metabolic regulation and catabolism, e.g. N-acetylation and N-glutamylation, and for incorporation into specialized metabolites, e...
October 21, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527760/molecular-surveillance-of-traditional-and-emerging-pathogens-associated-with-canine-infectious-respiratory-disease
#19
Nicola Decaro, Viviana Mari, Vittorio Larocca, Michele Losurdo, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Stella Lucente, Marialaura Corrente, Cristiana Catella, Stefano Bo, Gabriella Elia, Giorgio Torre, Erika Grandolfo, Vito Martella, Canio Buonavoglia
A molecular survey for traditional and emerging pathogens associated with canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD) was conducted in Italy between 2011 and 2013 on a total of 138 dogs, including 78 early acute clinically ill CIRD animals, 22 non-clinical but exposed to clinically ill CIRD dogs and 38 CIRD convalescent dogs. The results showed that canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) was the most commonly detected CIRD pathogen, followed by canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), Bordetella bronchiseptica, Mycoplasma cynos, Mycoplasma canis and canine pneumovirus (CnPnV)...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487509/occurence-of-bordetella-bronchiseptica-in-domestic-cats-with-upper-respiratory-tract-infections
#20
M Garbal, Ł Adaszek, P Łyp, J Frymus, M Winiarczyk, S Winiarczyk
Bordetella bronchiseptica is a widespread Gram-negative pathogen occurring in different mammal species. It is known to play a role in the etiology of infectious atrophic rhinitis of swine, canine kennel cough, respiratory syndromes of cats, rabbits and guinea pigs, and sporadic human cases have also been reported. The aim of this article is to present the occurrence of infections caused by these bacteria in domestic cats with respiratory symptoms, as well as to conduct a molecular analysis of the flaA gene B...
2016: Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences
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