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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692038/-interannual-changes-in-fish-community-structure-in-the-northern-part-of-the-coastal-waters-of-jiangsu-province-china-in-spring
#1
Jia Wo, Xiu Xia Mou, Bin Duo Xu, Ying Xue, Chong Liang Zhang, Yi Ping Ren
Based on the data collected from the bottom trawl surveys in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province from 2009 to 2014, multivariate statistical analysis and other integrated indices were used to analyze the variation in the community structure of fish assemblage over time in the waters. The results showed that 68 species had been caught in the coastal waters of northern Jiangsu Province. There were significant fluctuations in the relative density of fish resources. The mean catch mass per site ranged from 0...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691859/survey-of-rabies-vaccination-status-of-queensland-veterinarians-and-veterinary-students
#2
D Mendez, L Foyle, R Cobbold, R Speare
BACKGROUND: To determine the rabies vaccination status of Queensland veterinarians and veterinary students and their perception of zoonotic risk from Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire surveys. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent by post in 2011 to veterinary surgeons registered in Queensland, to final-year veterinary students at James Cook University via SurveyMonkey® in 2013 and to final-year veterinary students at James Cook University and University of Queensland via SurveyMonkey® in 2014...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691856/in-this-issue-may-2018-antimicrobial-labelling-in-australia-%C3%A2-queensland-survey-of-rabies-vaccination-%C3%A2-antibody-response-to-hev-vaccine-%C3%A2-response-to-ibdv-infection-in-chickens-%C3%A2-outbreaks-of-winter-scours-in-merino-sheep-%C3%A2-tonsillar-mast-cell-tumour-in-a
#3
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691852/antimicrobial-labelling-in-australia-a-threat-to-antimicrobial-stewardship
#4
L Y Hardefeldt, J R Gilkerson, H Billman-Jacobe, M A Stevenson, K Thursky, G F Browning, K E Bailey
Antimicrobial resistance is a public health emergency, placing veterinary antimicrobial use under growing scrutiny. Antimicrobial stewardship, through appropriate use of antimicrobials, is a response to this threat. The need for antimicrobial stewardship in Australian veterinary practices has had limited investigation. A 2016 survey undertaken to investigate antimicrobial usage patterns by Australian veterinarians found that antimicrobial dose rates were varied and often inappropriate. Doses of procaine penicillin in horses and cattle were often low, with 68% and 90% of respondents, respectively, reporting doses that were unlikely to result in plasma concentrations above minimum inhibitory concentrations for common equine and bovine pathogens...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691843/a-systems-approach-to-identify-factors-influencing-adverse-drug-events-in-nursing-homes
#5
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, William R Doucette
The objectives of the study were to identify the incidence rate and characteristics of adverse drug events (ADEs) in nursing homes (NHs) using the ADE trigger tool and to evaluate the relationships between resident and facility work system factors and incidence of ADEs using the System Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model. The study used 2 observational quantitative methods, retrospective resident chart extraction, and surveys. The participating staff included Directors of nursing, registered nurses, certified nurse assistants (CNAs)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691790/operation-change-a-new-paradigm-addressing-behavior-change-and-musculoskeletal-health-disparities
#6
Lynne C Jones, Yashika Watkins, Duanny Alva
BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined the implementation and efficacy of Operation Change, a community-based, culturally sensitive program to stimulate behavioral changes in activity level and improve musculoskeletal health in African-American (AA) and Hispanic/Latina (H/L) women with obesity and early-stage osteoarthritis. METHODS: Sixty-two women (32 AA and 30 H/L), 40-75 years old, with nontraumatic knee pain and body mass index values > 30, participated in a 12-week program of presentations, motivational interviewing, goal setting, and physical activities...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691703/who-are-the-anonymous-involvement-and-predictors-of-gamblers-anonymous-attendance-among-disordered-gamblers-presenting-for-treatment
#7
Daniel S McGrath, Hyoun S Kim, David C Hodgins, Christine Novitsky, Hermano Tavares
Gamblers Anonymous is the most widely available form of support for disordered gambling. Although chapters exist worldwide, knowledge of how attendees interact with the program is limited. The present study aimed to investigate involvement in Gamblers Anonymous among attendees, motives for attendance, and overall satisfaction with the program. Furthermore, potential gambling-related predictors of attendance versus deciding not to attend Gamblers Anonymous were investigated. A treatment-seeking sample of disordered gamblers (N = 512) from São Paulo, Brazil completed a series of self-report measures including an author-compiled Gamblers Anonymous survey...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691685/adherence-and-health-literacy-as-related-to-outcome-of-patients-treated-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-analyses-of-a-large-scale-observational-study
#8
J G Kuipers, M Koller, F Zeman, K Müller, J U Rüffer
BACKGROUND: Disabilities in daily living and quality of life are key endpoints for evaluating the treatment outcome for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Factors possibly contributing to good outcome are adherence and health literacy. METHODS: The survey included a representative nationwide sample of German rheumatologists and their patients with RA. The physician questionnaire included the disease activity score (DAS28) and medical prescriptions. The patient questionnaire included fatigue (EORTC QLQ-FA13), health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), quality of life (SF-12), health literacy (HELP), and patients' listings of their medications...
April 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691676/-requirements-for-a-cross-location-biobank-it-infrastructure-survey-of-stakeholder-input-on-the-establishment-of-a-biobank-network-of-the-german-biobank-alliance-gba
#9
REVIEW
C Schüttler, N Buschhüter, C Döllinger, L Ebert, M Hummel, J Linde, H-U Prokosch, R Proynova, M Lablans
BACKGROUND: The large number of biobanks within Germany results in a high degree of heterogeneity with regard to the IT components used at the respective locations. Within the German Biobank Alliance (GBA), 13 biobanks implement harmonized processes for the provision of biomaterial and accompanying data. OBJECTIVES: The networking of the individual biobanks and the associated harmonisation of the IT infrastructure should facilitate access to biomaterial and related clinical data...
April 24, 2018: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691658/associations-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-with-health-outcomes-quality-of-care-and-intentions-to-leave-the-profession-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-physician-assistants-in-germany
#10
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Jian Li, Andreas Müller, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies among health care staff have documented associations of adverse psychosocial working conditions with poorer health-related outcomes, a reduced quality of patient care and intentions to leave the profession. The evidence for physician assistants in Germany remains limited though. METHODS: We surveyed a total of 994 physician assistants between September 2016 and April 2017. Psychosocial working conditions were measured by the established effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire and by a questionnaire specifically developed to capture psychosocial working conditions among physicians...
April 24, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691594/response-rate-differences-between-web-and-alternative-data-collection-methods-for-public-health-research-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Cauane Blumenberg, Aluísio J D Barros
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the literature and compare response rates (RRs) of web surveys to alternative data collection methods in the context of epidemiologic and public health studies. METHODS: We reviewed the literature using PubMed, LILACS, SciELO, WebSM, and Google Scholar databases. We selected epidemiologic and public health studies that considered the general population and used two parallel data collection methods, being one web-based. RR differences were analyzed using two-sample test of proportions, and pooled using random effects...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691587/usability-of-validated-sleep-assessment-questionnaires-in-patients-with-chronic-pruritus-an-interview-based-study
#12
Theresa Suilmann, Claudia Zeidler, Nani Osada, Claudia Riepe, Sonja Ständer
Impaired sleep due to nocturnal pruritus is a common symptom in patients with chronic pruritus. However, there is no standardized, simplified instrument for assessing sleep-related problems in patients with chronic pruritus. After a literature search, we conducted 50 interviews with patients with chronic pruritus and tested 12 items most frequently used in routine sleep questionnaires. Afterwards, 2 sleep assessment questionnaires (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; Regensburg Insomnia Scale) were selected for use in 88 patients with chronic pruritus with sleep impairment due to pruritus...
April 24, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691571/-case-based-learning-based-on-cbct-software-in-clinical-teaching-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-radiology
#13
Ling Zhu, Xia Cao, Xiao-Feng Tao
PURPOSE: To compare the teaching result of case-based learning based on cone-beam CT (CBCT) software and traditional pantomography. METHODS: Thirty-eight interns (7-year programme) of grade 2011 from College of Stomatology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University were enrolled. The inner diameter of the nasopalatine ducts (A), the length of upper canine's pulp cavity (B), the length between root furcation of upper first molar and the maxillary sinus (C), the length between the root of lower wisdom tooth and the inferior alveolar nerve (D) were measured on pantomographic films and CBCT in the same case...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691564/-survey-on-dental-caries-status-of-migrant-children-aged-6-12-years-in-minhang-district-of-shanghai
#14
Xiao-Ming Xu, Hong-Yan Shi, Cong-Hua Li, Li Nie, Lin Feng, Yan Qin
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of dental caries among migrant children aged 6-12 years in Minhang district of Shanghai, so as to provide some basic data for children health care. METHODS: Ten thousand and eleven school children in 8 primary schools of Minhang district of Shanghai were investigated by cluster random sampling. Visual examination combined with probe inspection was used to diagnose caries, and then rate of caries and DMFT (decayed,missing and filled teeth) were calculated...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691487/examining-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-the-double-burden-of-maternal-over-and-child-under-nutrition-in-bangladesh
#15
Syed Emdadul Hauqe, Kayako Sakisaka, Mosiur Rahman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is little research on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and the familial co-existence of maternal over and child under-nutrition (MOCU). Most of these studies conducted in the Latin American countries. Therefore, we intended to further this important area of query by exploring the relationship between SES and the dual burden of MOCU in Bangladesh. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We used data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey (BDHS)...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691345/evaluating-mammographer-acceptance-of-mammorisk-software
#16
Jean Weigert, Nancy Cavanaugh, Talong Ju
PURPOSE: To evaluate mammographers' acceptance of the breast cancer risk assessment software tool MammoRisk (Statlife) in the clinical setting. METHODS: During a 6-month period, 1200 women undergoing routine mammography examinations at a regional, outpatient, comprehensive breast imaging center were assessed for breast cancer risk by mammographers who used the MammoRisk software. At the end of the 6-month period, the mammographers (N = 11) completed an 8-question survey on their willingness to the use of the software in the clinical setting...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691344/women-in-radiography-practice-in-ghana-motivating-and-demotivating-factors
#17
Samuel Anim-Sampong, Lawrence Arthur, Josephine Abena Nkansah, Benard Ohene Botwe
PURPOSE: To investigate and establish reasons for the smaller but increasing population of female radiographers in Ghana, and to evaluate the motivating and demotivating contributory factors associated with women's choice of the profession. METHODS: A descriptive quantitative survey design and a purposive sampling technique were used to recruit participants from hospitals, clinics, and private imaging centers in Ghana. Forty registered female radiographers were invited to participate in the survey, and 30 participants completed and returned the questionnaires...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691316/controlled-ecological-evaluation-of-an-implemented-exercise-training-programme-to-prevent-lower-limb-injuries-in-sport-differences-in-implementation-activity
#18
Alex Donaldson, Belinda J Gabbe, David G Lloyd, Jill Cook, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVE: The public health benefits of injury prevention programmes are maximised when programmes are widely adopted and adhered to. Therefore, these programmes require appropriate implementation support. This study evaluated implementation activity outcomes associated with the implementation of FootyFirst, an exercise training injury prevention programme for community Australian football, both with (FootyFirst+S) and without (FootyFirst+NS) implementation support. METHOD: An evaluation plan based on the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) Sports Setting Matrix was applied in a controlled ecological evaluation of the implementation of FootyFirst...
April 24, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691263/evaluation-of-a-one-dose-package-medication-support-system-for-community-based-elderly-patients-and-eldercare-facilities
#19
Ryoji Suzuki, Takashi Hasegawa
PURPOSE: Results of an evaluation of a one-dose package medication support system (ODP-MSS) for medication support and telecare home monitoring of elderly persons are reported. METHODS: ODP-MSS units were provided to 10 elderly patients living at home, with adherence assistance provided by family members or other medication supporters in response to telephone alerts. In addition, ODP-MSS units were installed in 2 group homes. At the end of the designated study periods, device data logs were analyzed, and study participants were interviewed or surveyed regarding the impact of ODP-MSS use...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691244/cross-sectional-study-on-the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-pregnancy-among-women-living-in-hiv-discordant-relationships-in-a-rural-rakai-cohort-uganda
#20
Lydia Jacenta Nakiganda, Anette Agardh, Benedict Oppong Asamoah
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the prevalence of pregnancy in serodiscordant couples and identifies predictors associated with pregnancy in rural Rakai, Uganda. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study that used data from the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the RCCS survey round 17 (2015-2016), which included 488 women in serodiscordant relationships. This study was conducted in Rakai district, located in south-western Uganda...
April 24, 2018: BMJ Open
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