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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471590/consumer-use-and-response-to-online-third-party-raw-dna-interpretation-services
#1
Catharine Wang, Tiernan J Cahill, Andrew Parlato, Blake Wertz, Qiankun Zhong, Tricia Norkunas Cunningham, James J Cummings
BACKGROUND: With the availability of raw DNA generated from direct-to-consumer (DTC) testing companies, there has been a proliferation of third-party online services that are available to interpret the raw data for both genealogy and/or health purposes. This study examines the current landscape and downstream clinical implications of consumer use of third-party services. METHODS: Study participants were recruited online from social media platforms. A total of 321 survey respondents reported using third-party services for raw DNA interpretation...
January 2018: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471491/farming-characteristics-and-self-reported-health-outcomes-of-irish-farmers
#2
D van Doorn, N Richardson, A Storey, A Osborne, C Cunningham, C Blake, J McNamara
Background: Irish farmers represent a 'high-risk' group for non-communicable diseases, which, arguably, pose a greater occupational health challenge for farmers. To date, there has been little exploration of the farming characteristics associated with farmers' poor health outcomes. Aims: To examine the relationship between farming and male farmers' self-reported health outcomes and to compare the study findings to national health studies to explore which factors specifically are associated with Irish farmers' poorer health outcomes relative to the general population...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471484/a-study-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-tibetan-yak-herders-with-respect-to-brucellosis
#3
Jiang Y Zeng, Dor J Ciren, Dun Z Yundan, Qiong Pu, Cai W Gongjue, Dor J Jiumei, Ian D Robertson
Background: Little information is available regarding the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of the owners of yaks in Tibet with respect to brucellosis. Methods: This manuscript reports on the results of a cross-sectional survey using a structured questionnaire investigating the KAP of 317 yak herders from 34 villages in the three main yak-rearing counties of Maizhokunggar, Damxung and Yadong from April to August 2015. Results: Although 60...
February 17, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471480/family-medicine-clinic-a-case-study-of-a-hospital-family-medicine-practice-redesign-to-improve-chronic-disease-care-in-the-community-in-singapore
#4
Yee Wei Lim, Joanna Ling, Zoe Lim, Audrey Chia
Background: Singapore's health care system is strained by the health care needs of a rapidly aging population. The unprecedented collaboration between a public hospital and a private family practice to set up the Family Medicine Clinic (FMC) to co-manage patients with chronic disease is an example of efforts to shift care to the community. Objective: To explore patients' initial experience of shared chronic disease care in a private family practice setting. Methods: In this exploratory case study, we surveyed 330 patients with stable chronic diseases and interviewed 10 complex care patients and their caregivers...
February 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471468/working-conditions-and-stress-in-the-english-education-system
#5
J M Ravalier, J Walsh
Background: The UK education sector has among the highest level of stress sickness absence of all occupations. However, investigations of psychosocial working conditions which contribute to stress, including behaviour of students and parents, has not been conducted. Aims: To investigate the psychosocial working conditions and prevalence of negative parental and student behaviour in a large sample of school teachers and college lecturers based in England. In addition, to assess the influence of working conditions, student behaviour and parental behaviour on perceived stress...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471460/coaching-primary-care-clinics-for-hpv-vaccination-quality-improvement-comparing-in-person-and-webinar-implementation
#6
William A Calo, Melissa B Gilkey, Jennifer Leeman, Jennifer Heisler-MacKinnon, Chrystal Averette, Stephanie Sanchez, Melanie L Kornides, Noel T Brewer
State health departments commonly use quality improvement coaching as an implementation strategy for improving low human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage, but such coaching can be resource intensive. To explore opportunities for improving efficiency, we compared in-person and webinar delivery of coaching sessions on implementation outcomes, including reach, acceptability, and delivery cost. In 2015, we randomly assigned 148 high-volume primary care clinics in Illinois, Michigan, and Washington State to receive either in-person or webinar coaching...
February 20, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471457/improving-anatomic-pathology-in-sub-saharan-africa-to-support-cancer-care
#7
Michael L Wilson, Stephanie Ayers, Daniel Berney, Alexia Eslan, Jeannette Guarner, Susan Lester, Ricard Masia, Zahir Moloo, Angela Mutuku, Drucilla Roberts, Jennifer Stall, Shahin Sayed
Objectives: Cancer care requires both accurate pathologic diagnosis as well as pathologic cancer staging. We evaluated three approaches to training pathologists in sub-Saharan Africa to perform pathologic cancer staging of breast, cervix, prostate, and colorectal cancers. Methods: One of three training methods was used at each workshop: didactic, case-based testing (CBT), or a blended approach. The project involved 52 participants from 16 pathology departments in 11 countries in East, Central, and Southern Africa...
February 19, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471415/blue-and-black-cloth-targets-effects-of-size-shape-and-color-on-stable-fly-diptera-muscidae-attraction
#8
Jerome A Hogsette, Lane D Foil
Stable fly management is challenging because of the fly's dispersal behavior and its tendency to remain on the host only while feeding. Optically attractive traps have been used to survey and sometimes reduce adult populations. Insecticide-treated blue and black cloth targets developed for tsetse fly management in Africa were found to be attractive to stable flies in the United States, and various evaluations were conducted in Louisiana and Florida. Tests using untreated targets were designed to answer questions about configuration, size, and color relative to efficacy and stability in high winds...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471405/socioeconomic-and-human-behavioral-factors-associated-with-aedes-aegypti-diptera-culicidae-immature-habitat-in-tucson-az
#9
Kathleen R Walker, Daniel Williamson, Yves Carrière, Pablo A Reyes-Castro, Steven Haenchen, Mary H Hayden, Eileen Jeffrey Gutierrez, Kacey C Ernst
Aedes aegypti (L.; Diptera: Culicidae) has been established in the southwestern United States for several decades, but relationships between humans and mosquitoes in this arid region are not well-characterized. In August 2012, the outdoor premises of 355 houses within 20 neighborhoods in Tucson, Arizona were surveyed for containers that could provide larval habitat for Ae. aegypti mosquitoes. At the same time, a knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) questionnaire was administered to a resident of each house surveyed for immature mosquitoes...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471382/gendered-safety-and-health-risks-in-the-construction-trades
#10
Hannah M Curtis, Hendrika Meischke, Bert Stover, Nancy J Simcox, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Despite women's increased representation in the overall workforce, construction remains a male-dominated industry. Prior studies have noted that the hazardous workplace environment combined with a culture that can be discriminatory and openly hostile can threaten women workers' health and safety. However, little information exists about the current physical and psychosocial hazards at work affecting tradeswomen. Methods: We examined differences in workplace exposure between women and men, and the association of these exposures with self-reported stress and work injury, in order to highlight how gendered conditions of work negatively affect tradeswomen's health...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471364/association-of-early-and-adult-life-socioeconomic-circumstances-with-muscle-strength-in-older-age
#11
Boris Cheval, Matthieu P Boisgontier, Dan Orsholits, Stefan Sieber, Idris Guessous, Rainer Gabriel, Silvia Stringhini, David Blane, Bernadette W A van der Linden, Matthias Kliegel, Claudine Burton-Jeangros, Delphine S Courvoisier, Stéphane Cullati
Background: socioeconomic circumstances (SEC) during a person's lifespan influence a wide range of health outcomes. However, solid evidence of the association of early- and adult-life SEC with health trajectories in ageing is still lacking. This study assessed whether early-life SEC are associated with muscle strength in later life-a biomarker of health-and whether this relationship is caused by adult-life SEC and health behaviours. Methods: we used data from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe, a 12-year population-based cohort study with repeated measurement in six waves (2004-15) and retrospective collection of life-course data...
February 20, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471355/closing-the-loop-with-an-enhanced-referral-management-system
#12
Harley Ramelson, Amanda Nederlof, Sam Karmiy, Pamela Neri, David Kiernan, Rajlakshmi Krishnamurthy, Adrienne Allen, David W Bates
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a referral manager tool on primary care practices. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a referral manager module in a locally developed electronic health record (EHR) that was enhanced to improve the referral management process in primary care practices. Baseline (n = 61) and follow-up (n = 35) provider and staff surveys focused on the ease of performing various steps in the referral process, confidence in completing those steps, and user satisfaction...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471345/establishing-quality-assured-qa-laboratory-support-for-onchocerciasis-elimination-in-africa
#13
Joseph Shott, Camilla Ducker, Thomas R Unnasch, Charles D Mackenzie
An essential component in achieving accepted successful elimination of a disease or a pathogen involves the acquisition of quality-assured (QA) data that ultimately define the absence of infection or transmission in previously endemic areas. The acquisition of these essential data, in the case of onchocerciasis elimination, requires strong laboratory support for both testing and continuing evaluation/validation of the tools used for the required diagnostic and epidemiology procedures. There is also a need for standardization of the laboratory-based and field-based assays used across the onchocerciasis-endemic countries as well as continuing technical, fiscal and logistical support for laboratory activities...
March 1, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471326/urinary-cytomegalovirus-shedding-in-the-united-states-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-1999-2004
#14
Minal M Amin, Stephanie R Bialek, Sheila C Dollard, Chengbin Wang
Background: There are no data on the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) shedding from a representative sample of the US population. This information is critical for understanding and preventing CMV. Methods: We tested urine specimens from CMV IgG-positive participants aged 6-49 years in three racial/ethnic groups from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) 1999-2004 for the presence of CMV DNA with real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471318/family-physician-awareness-of-charles-bonnet-syndrome
#15
Keith D Gordon, Tina Felfeli
Background: Charles Bonnet syndrome is characterized by formed visual hallucinations in individuals with vision loss. It is reported that one in five older adults with vision loss suffer from Charles Bonnet syndrome and the suspected lack of awareness amongst family physicians may lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Objective: To assess Canadian family physicians' awareness of Charles Bonnet syndrome. Methods: We conducted a national perception and practices survey of family physicians across Canada to assess (i) the level of awareness of Charles Bonnet syndrome amongst family physicians; (ii) the frequency of family physicians' encounters with patients with visual hallucinations and (iii) management strategies and referral patterns for patients with Charles Bonnet syndrome presenting to family physicians...
February 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471303/awareness-of-the-new-kidney-allocation-system-among-united-states-dialysis-providers-with-low-waitlisting
#16
Rachel E Patzer, Mohua Basu, Kayla D Smith, Laura Plantinga, Sumit Mohan, Cam Escoffery, Joyce J Kim, Taylor Melanson, Stephen O Pastan
It is unknown whether dialysis facility staff are aware of the new kidney allocation system implemented in December 2014, which changed how deceased donor kidneys are allocated and waiting time is calculated. U.S. dialysis facilities with low annual waitlisting (<15.2%) were surveyed as part of a large randomized study. Among 653 facilities, 57.9% of staff were aware of the policy change, with medical directors (84.4%) being more aware than social workers (73.3%), facility administrators (53.1%), nurse managers (46...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471292/step-numbers-and-hoehn-yahr-stage-after-six-years
#17
Hiroshi Kataoka, Noriyuki Tanaka, Takao Kiriyama, Nobuyuki Eura, Masanori Ikeda, Tesseki Izumi, Yoshiko Furiya, Kazuma Sugie, Satoshi Ueno
BACKGROUND: Freezing of gait (FOG) has been linked to increased numbers of steps taken while walking. We tested the hypothesis that an increased number of steps associated with FOG might predict the exacerbation of the severity of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We prospectively studied 26 patients. Clinical assessments were performed and balance was evaluated in 30 patients with Hoehn-Yahr stage III PD 6 years previously. Gait parameters were analyzed with the use of an originally designed, suddenly narrowed path...
February 22, 2018: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471260/stress-underestimation-and-mental-health-literacy-of-depression-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shuhei Izawa, Kosuke Chris Yamada
Appropriately estimating stress levels in daily life is important for motivating people to undertake stress-management behaviors or seek out information on stress management and mental health. People who exhibit high stress underestimation might not be interested in information on mental health, and would therefore have less knowledge of it. We investigated the association between stress underestimation tendency and mental health literacy of depression (i.e., knowledge of the recognition, prognosis, and usefulness of resources of depression) in Japanese workers...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471240/a-multiregional-survey-of-nickel-in-outdoor-air-particulate-matter-in-china-implication-for-human-exposure
#19
Han Li, Yanjian Wan, Xiao Chen, Lu Cheng, Xueyu Yang, Wei Xia, Shunqing Xu, Hongling Zhang
Nickel is a widespread environmental contaminant, and it is toxic to humans in certain forms at high doses. Despite this, nationwide data on nickel in outdoor air particulate matter and human exposure to nickel through inhalation in China are limited. In the present study, 662 outdoor air samples from seven representative provinces such as Shanghai, Hubei, Hunan, Hebei, Guangdong, Yunnan, and Shanxi were collected between March 2013 and February 2014 and analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
February 19, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471234/influences-of-motorcycle-rider-and-driver-characteristics-and-road-environment-on-red-light-running-behavior-at-signalized-intersections
#20
Auearree Jensupakarn, Kunnawee Kanitpong
In Thailand, red light running is considered as one of the most dangerous behaviors at intersection. Red light running (RLR) behavior is the failure to obey the traffic control signal. However, motorcycle riders and car drivers who are running through red lights could be influenced by human factors or road environment at intersection. RLR could be advertent or inadvertent behavior influenced by many factors. Little research study has been done to evaluate the contributing factors influencing the red-light violation behavior...
February 19, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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