Read by QxMD icon Read


Hong Ren, Zhixiong Zhou, Wenxi Kevin Liu, Xiujiang Wang, Zenong Yin
AIM: This study examined the relationships between energy balance-related behaviours outside school hours and obesity in Chinese primary school students. We also explored the influence of gender on those relationships. METHODS: The study sample was a cross-sectional cohort of 5,032 Chinese children who were enrolled in grades 1-6 in primary schools in five Chinese cities and whose mean ages ranged from 7.3 to 11.9 years. The children's parents completed a survey on their child's height, weight and energy balance-related behaviours outside school hours...
October 19, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Reduced muscular strength is associated with an increased risk of all-cause, cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality, heart attack and stroke. At older ages, reduced strength is associated with impaired mobility, risk of falls, and disability. Various criteria are used to determine reduced strength. DATA AND METHODS: Data on grip strength among 3,181 respondents aged 60 to 79 from the 2007 to 2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey were used to calculate the prevalence of reduced strength based on sex-specific percentile and t-score cut-points and cut-points of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
Suzy L Wong
BACKGROUND: Grip strength is a measure of overall muscular strength and has been associated with disability, morbidity and mortality. Normative data are used to interpret an individual's grip strength measurements, but Canadian reference values are not available for a wide age range. DATA AND METHODS: The data pertain to 11,108 respondents aged 6 to 79 to the 2007-to-2013 Canadian Health Measures Survey, whose right-hand and left-hand grip strength were measured with a handgrip dynamometer...
October 19, 2016: Health Reports
André Bohomol Velhote, Elena Bohomol, Manoel Carlos Prieto Velhote
Objective: To identify pediatric caregivers' reactions in outpatient surgery settings. Methods: A quantitative descriptive/exploratory survey-based study involving application of a semi-structured questionnaire to 62 caregivers in two hospitals. Results: Most caregivers (88.7%) were mothers who submitted to preoperative fasting with their children. Nervousness, anxiety and concern were the most common feelings reported by caregivers on the day of the surgery...
July 2016: Einstein
Fernando G Benavides, Pamela Merino-Salazar, Cecilia Cornelio, Ada Avila Assunção, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Marcelo Amable, Lucía Artazcoz, Jonh Astete, Douglas Barraza, Fabián Berhó, Lino Carmenate Milián, George Delclòs, Lorena Funcasta, Johanna Gerke, David Gimeno, María José Itatí-Iñiguez, Eduardo de Paula Lima, David Martínez-Iñigo, Adriane Mesquita de Medeiros, Lida Orta, Javier Pinilla, Fernando Rodrigo, Marianela Rojas, Iselle Sabastizagal, Clelia Vallebuona, Greet Vermeylen, Gloria H Villalobos, Alejandra Vives
This article aimed to present a basic questionnaire and minimum methodological criteria for consideration in future Surveys on Working Conditions, Employment, and Health in Latin America and the Caribbean. A virtual and face-to-face consensus process was conducted with participation by a group of international experts who used the surveys available up until 2013 as the point of departure for defining the proposal. The final questionnaire included 77 questions grouped in six dimensions: socio-demographic characteristics of workers and companies; employment conditions; working conditions; health status; resources and preventive activities; and family characteristics...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Ines Dourado, Luís Augusto V da Silva, Laio Magno, Maycon Lopes, Caio Cerqueira, Adriana Prates, Sandra Brignol, Sarah MacCarthy
Trans persons, including transvestites and transsexual women, show disproportionately high HIV/AIDS rates when compared to the rest of the population. However, few quantitative/qualitative studies have addressed trans persons in Brazil. Thus, a team of researchers from different fields is developing an interdisciplinary research project with the objective of shedding light on living conditions and ways of life among transvestites and transsexual women, while investigating determinant factors for HIV infection, syphilis, and hepatitis B and C...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Paloma de Souza Cavalcante Pissinati, Maria do Carmo Fernandez Lourenço Haddad, José Carlos Dalmas, Marcela Maria Birolim
The aim was to analyze socio-demographic and occupational factors associated with gains and losses perceived by employees nearing retirement in a public university. In an exploratory, cross-sectional, and quantitative survey, employees (n = 164) approaching retirement in a public university in northern Paraná State, Brazil, assigned scales of importance to gains and losses. The data were analyzed with simple and multiple linear regression, based on the sizes of the scales, with socio-demographic and occupational variables as predictors...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Juarez Pereira Furtado, Wagner Yoshizaki Oda, Igor da Costa Borysow, Silke Kapp
The term "territory" and its correlates have become commonplace in the field of Mental Health since the psychiatric reform, a potentially emancipatory milestone in non-hospital-centered ideals. However, in a previous empirical study, we found a lack of consistent concepts and practices (corresponding to the use of this term) in the territorial reinsertion of persons with mental illness. To clarify the term's various uses and its possible correlations in practice, we have conducted a systematic survey of scientific articles and official documents, comparing them to each other and with the concept of territory from Critical Geography...
October 10, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Nirav Patel, Justine Pierson, Timothy Lee, Bruce Mast, Bernard T Lee, Irene Estores, Dhruv Singhal
BACKGROUND: Integrative medicine (IM) is currently used by 40% of Americans. Our objective is to examine the prevalence and perception of IM utilization in patients being evaluated for elective plastic surgery. METHODS: In July 2014, 402 consecutive patients presenting to plastic surgery clinics at the University of Florida, Veterans Affairs (VA), and Private Practices in Gainesville, Florida were requested to complete a survey regarding utilization of and attitudes towards IM...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Alexa Craig, Christine James, Janelle Bainter, Francis L Lucas, Scott Evans, John Glazer, Donna Dowling
BACKGROUND: The traumatic experiences of parents of babies treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) have been described. No research has assessed neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurse experience in providing care to hypothermic babies and emotional support to their parents. PURPOSE: To assess NICU nurse attitudes to the provision of TH with respect to perceptions about baby pain/sedation, need for nurse and parent education, decision making about initiation of TH, and barriers to best care...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Talia Orr, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Britney Benoit, Brenda Hewitt, Jennifer Stinson, Patrick McGrath, Donna Dowling
BACKGROUND: Despite an abundance of research that identifies the benefits for both parent and child when parents are actively involved in their infant's care, challenges related to the best methods to engage families persist. PURPOSE: To conduct a feasibility study that aims to understand the preferences of smartphone and Internet use by parents of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) related to information seeking and active participation in infant care, with a focus on pain management interventions...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Francisco Javier Del Río, Francisco Cabello-Santamaría, Marina A Cabello-García, Jerónimo Aragón-Vela
BACKGROUND: The impact of pain in sexuality, couple relationships and the quality of life is very well known. OBJECTIVES: The relationship between substance abuse and the presence of sexual pain disorder is assessed, together with anxiety and sexual attitudes . METHOD: Two samples were selected. One sample for women with a history of substance abuse (n = 129), and another one of women nonconsumers (n = 129). The Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS), the Sexual Opinion Survey (SOS) and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires were used...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Neal Krause, Kenneth I Pargament, Gail Ironson, Peter Hill
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that greater involvement in religion is associated with lower rates of substance use and misuse. However, religion is a complex construct that can be assessed in many ways. The purpose of this study is to explore a dimension of religion that has not been evaluated in previous research on poly-drug use: a religious sense of meaning in life. OBJECTIVES: It is hypothesized that a religious sense of meaning in life will offset (i.e., moderate) the effects of chronic financial strain on poly-drug use...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Rebba C Boswell-Casteel, Franklin A Hays
Equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs) are polytopic integral membrane proteins that mediate the transport of nucleosides, nucleobases, and therapeutic analogs. The best-characterized ENTs are the human transporters hENT1 and hENT2. However, non-mammalian eukaryotic ENTs have also been studied (e.g., yeast, parasitic protozoa). ENTs are major pharmaceutical targets responsible for modulating the efficacy of more than 30 approved drugs. However, the molecular mechanisms and chemical determinants of ENT-mediated substrate recognition, binding, inhibition, and transport are poorly understood...
October 19, 2016: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
David R Hodge, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn
BACKGROUND: The homeschool population continues to grow in size and now accounts for 3.4% of all students in the United States. OBJECTIVE: Given the heterogeneous nature of the population, this study examines the relationship between different types of homeschoolers and a number of substance use related outcomes. METHODS: To conduct this study, we used pooled data (2002-2013) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Respondents aged 12-17 who reported they had been homeschooled at any time during the previous 12 months were classified as homeschoolers (N = 1,321)...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Frederico Rosário, Marcin Wojnar, Cristina Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of interventions to increase general practitioners' management of alcohol problems is affected by their attitudes toward at-risk drinkers. Tailoring training programs to general practitioners' attitudes may be useful in increasing alcohol screening and brief advice. OBJECTIVES: to determine whether general practitioners could be divided into distinct groups based on their attitudes toward at-risk drinkers. Another aim of this study was to develop and validate a model for classifying general practitioners into distinct groups...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
T V Lisovskaya, G B Mal'gina, T A Perepletina, M A Chistyakov, I V Dan'kova, O A Melkozerova
AIM: The purpose of the study was to investigate the morphological features of endometrium in patients with viral hepatitis type C. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A morphological survey was conducted involving endometrium sections stained with hematoxylin and eosin and Van Gieson's picrofuchsin collected from 140 women of reproductive age, among them 70 patients were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis type C (CHC) infection with minimal (40 patients) and moderate activity (30 patients), and 70 women suffered from endometrial proliferative diseases without viral hepatitis (comparison group)...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Courtney M Peterson, John W Apolzan, Courtney Wright, Corby K Martin
We conducted two studies to test the validity, reliability, feasibility and acceptability of using video chat technology to quantify dietary and pill-taking (i.e. supplement and medication) adherence. In study 1, we investigated whether video chat technology can accurately quantify adherence to dietary and pill-taking interventions. Mock study participants ate food items and swallowed pills, while performing randomised scripted 'cheating' behaviours to mimic non-adherence. Monitoring was conducted in a cross-over design, with two monitors watching in-person and two watching remotely by Skype on a smartphone...
October 18, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Alia Alghwiri, Gregory Marchetti
PURPOSE: To investigate the point prevalence of upper back pain (UBP) and lower back pain (LBP) in Jordanian schoolteachers and to estimate the work-related reported disability. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was used to assess back pain in a convenience sample of teachers in Jordan. Crude and weighted prevalence estimates of self-reported spinal pain and limited productivity were described. Demographic and occupational factors associated with self-reported pain and limited productivity were identified by multinomial/logistic regression...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Nabita Singh, Kellie Knight, Caroline Wright, Marilyn Baird, Duane Akroyd, Robert D Adams, Michal E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals are more prone to burnout than other professionals due to the emotionally taxing interactions they have with their patients on a daily basis. The aims of this study were to measure occupational burnout levels among sonographers, radiographers and radiologists and to examine predictors of burnout according to demographic characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was administered in 2010 to radiographers, sonographers and radiologists who were members of the following professional bodies: Australian Institute of Radiography, Australian Sonographers Association and The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"