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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925119/-research-on-participation-in-working-life-on-the-transfer-from-theory-into-practice
#1
Susanne Bartel, Heike Ohlbrecht
OBJECTIVE: This study focuses on the theory-practice transfer in the field of research on participation in working life (LTA). The aim was to determine what expectations are prevalent on the part of service providers, how they access scientific knowledge, how the transfer into practice takes place and what research gaps exist. At the same time, representatives of the German Statutory Pension Insurance were asked about internal structures for identifying research topics and evaluating research results as well as for knowledge transfer...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925116/-trajectories-and-biographical-constellations-in-a-long-term-study-on-vocational-retraining-and-their-effects-on-return-to-work-and-sustainable-stay-at-work
#2
Sebastian Klaus, Alexander Meschnig, Ernst von Kardorff
OBJEKTIVES: Using qualitative-hermeneutical methods with a focus on biographical (risk-) constellations for conditions of success or failure of return to work - and therefore on the efficiency and sustainability of employment participation benefits - the study accompanies participants during a time span of 2 years after their vocational retraining on their way back into the first labor market. METHODS: The study applies a mixed method design which combines 30 episodical-narrative interviews of participating rehabilitants alongside with a questionnaire survey of a total of 214 participants and 19 interviews of scientists and vocational retraining experts...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925115/-return-to-work-and-stay-at-work-the-question-of-successful-operational-integration-management
#3
Heike Ohlbrecht, Carsten Detka, Susanne Kuczyk, Bianca Lange
OBJECTIVE: The study focuses on the question of how the design of operational integration management (OIM) can be optimized, especially in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), and how previous experience with operational integration management can be used to develop preventive measures to ensure employability. METHODS: The study follows a multi-perspective qualitative research design. It focused on the survey of 40 retrospective interviews with employees who have undergone different variants of the OIM...
June 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925098/design-and-testing-of-a-smartphone-application-for-real-time-self-tracking-diabetes-self-management-behaviors
#4
Danielle Groat, Hiral Soni, Maria Adela Grando, Bithika Thompson, David Kaufman, Curtiss B Cook
BACKGROUND:  Type 1 diabetes (T1D) care requires multiple daily self-management behaviors (SMBs). Preliminary studies on SMBs rely mainly on self-reported survey and interview data. There is little information on adult T1D SMBs, along with corresponding compensation techniques (CTs), gathered in real-time. OBJECTIVE:  The article aims to use a patient-centered approach to design iDECIDE, a smartphone application that gathers daily diabetes SMBs and CTs related to meal and alcohol intake and exercise in real-time, and contrast patients' actual behaviors against those self-reported with the app...
April 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925097/-quality-and-satisfaction-with-the-surgical-medical-clerkship-from-a-student-perspective
#5
Susanne Froehlich, Florian Goebel, Adrian Meder, Janine Wirkner, Udo Obertacke, Richard Kasch
PREFACE: The surgical medical clerkship is of special importance, as the student is given the opportunity to get in touch with medical colleagues and patients for the first time, and the interest in a certain field of specialisation can be consolidated. The present study will clarify how students perceived their medical clerkship in the field of surgery. METHODS: A nationwide online survey carried out in 2012 was able to recruit 9079 participants, and contained questions about the completed curricular internships...
June 20, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925088/measles-high-school-vaccination-program-2014-2015-online-survey-of-parents-in-nsw-australia
#6
Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Sue Campbell-Lloyd
BACKGROUND: In 2014, a high school-based measles supplementary immunisation activity (SIA) took place in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, in response to a large number of adolescents being identified as undervaccinated or unvaccinated against measles. The program focused on areas of NSW where previous measles outbreaks had occurred and where large numbers of undervaccinated adolescents lived. More than 11 000 students were vaccinated in 2014, and the program continued in 2015, when more than 4000 students in Years 11 and 12 were vaccinated...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925087/is-a-yoga-based-program-with-potential-to-decrease-falls-perceived-to-be-acceptable-to-community-dwelling-people-older-than-60
#7
Anne Tiedemann, Sandra O'Rourke, Catherine Sherrington
Objectives and importance of study: Yoga improves balance and mobility, and therefore has potential as a fall prevention strategy, yet its validity for preventing falls has not been established. The Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) and tai chi are proven to prevent falls. This study aimed to evaluate the perceptions and preferences of older people towards a yoga-based program with potential to decrease falls, to compare these perceptions to the views expressed about the OEP and tai chi, and to identify participant characteristics associated with a preference for the yoga program...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925086/participant-perspectives-of-a-6-month-telephone-based-lifestyle-coaching-program
#8
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Philayrath Phongsavan
Objectives and importance of study: Low program completion rates can undermine the public health impact of even the most effective program. Participant experiences with lifestyle programs are not well reported, but are important for program improvement and retention. The purpose of this study was to understand participant perceptions of the Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS), a 6-month telephone-based health coaching program to promote lifestyle change. We were particularly interested in participants' initial expectations, their actual experience and, for those who did not complete the program, what influenced their withdrawal...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924957/a-survey-of-canine-respiratory-pathogens-in-new-zealand-dogs
#9
H R Sowman, N J Cave, M Dunowska
AIMS: To determine which of the common canine respiratory pathogens circulate among selected populations of healthy and diseased dogs in New Zealand. METHODS: Coagulated blood samples for serology and oropharyngeal swabs for virology were collected from healthy dogs (n=47) and from dogs with acute respiratory disease (n=49). For diseased dogs a convalescent blood sample was also collected 3-4 weeks later. Oropharyngeal swabs were subjected to virus isolation and tested for canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV), canine adenovirus (CAdV) 2, canine herpesvirus (CHV), canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV), canine influenza virus (CIV), canine distemper virus (CDV), Bordetella bronchiseptica, Streptococcus equi subsp...
June 20, 2018: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924865/the-organizational-attributes-of-hiv-care-delivery-models-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Claire E Kendall, Esther Susanna Shoemaker, Lisa Boucher, Danielle E Rolfe, Lois Crowe, Marissa Becker, Shabnam Asghari, Sean B Rourke, Ron Rosenes, Christine Bibeau, Philip Lundrigan, Clare Liddy
HIV treatment in Canada has rapidly progressed with the advent of new drug therapies and approaches to care. With this evolution, there is increasing interest in Canada in understanding the current delivery of HIV care, specifically where care is delivered, how, and by whom, to inform the design of care models required to meet the evolving needs of the population. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of Canadian care settings identified as delivering HIV care between June 2015 and January 2016. Given known potential differences in delivery approaches, we stratified settings as primary care or specialist settings, and described their structure, geographic location, populations served, health human resources, technological resources, and available clinical services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924835/association-between-dry-eye-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-in-a-korean-adult-population
#11
Sun-Bi Um, Hyungseon Yeom, Na Hyun Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Hyung Keun Lee, Il Suh
PURPOSE: This study assessed the association of dry eyes with depression and suicidal ideation in a Korean adult population. METHODS: Data from 16408 participants (6972 men and 9436 women) aged ≥ 19 years included in the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, conducted from 2010-2012, were analyzed. For dry eyes, surveys of previous diagnosis of dry eye disease (DED) by an ophthalmologist and experience of subjective dry eye symptoms were separately used...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924827/the-association-between-being-currently-in-school-and-hiv-prevalence-among-young-women-in-nine-eastern-and-southern-african-countries
#12
Paul Mee, Elizabeth Fearon, Syreen Hassan, Bernadette Hensen, Xeno Acharya, Brian D Rice, James R Hargreaves
INTRODUCTION: Interventions to keep adolescent girls and young women in school, or support their return to school, are hypothesised to also reduce HIV risk. Such interventions are included in the DREAMS combination package of evidence-based interventions. Although there is evidence of reduced risky sexual behaviours, the impact on HIV incidence is unclear. We used nationally representative surveys to investigate the association between being in school and HIV prevalence. METHODS: We analysed Demographic and Health Survey data from nine DREAMS countries in sub-Saharan Africa restricted to young women aged 15-19 (n = 20,429 in total)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924808/genomic-information-and-a-person-s-right-not-to-know-a-closer-look-at-variations-in-hypothetical-informational-preferences-in-a-german-sample
#13
Laura Flatau, Markus Reitt, Gunnar Duttge, Christian Lenk, Barbara Zoll, Wolfgang Poser, Alexandra Weber, Urs Heilbronner, Marcella Rietschel, Jana Strohmaier, Rebekka Kesberg, Jonas Nagel, Thomas G Schulze
In clinical practice and in research, there is an ongoing debate on how to return incidental and secondary findings of genetic tests to patients and research participants. Previous investigations have found that most of the people most of the time are in favor of full disclosure of results. Yet, the option to reject disclosure, based on the so-called right not to know, can be valuable especially for some vulnerable subgroups of recipients. In the present study we investigated variations in informational preferences in the context of genetic testing in a large and diverse German sample...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924806/learning-to-live-with-ticks-the-role-of-exposure-and-risk-perceptions-in-protective-behaviour-against-tick-borne-diseases
#14
Daniel Slunge, Anders Boman
The purpose of this study is to analyse the role of risk perceptions and exposure for protective behaviour against tick bites and the related diseases Lyme borreliosis (LB) and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), both of which are growing health concerns. We use data from a national survey in Sweden with respondents in geographical areas with substantial differences in both abundance of ticks and incidence of LB and TBE. We find that the share of respondents who frequently use protective clothing (64%), perform tick checks (63%) or avoid tall grass while in areas with ticks (48%) is relatively high...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924756/xerostomia-thirst-sodium-gradient-and-inter-dialytic-weight-gain-in-hemodialysis-diabetic-vs-non-diabetic-patients
#15
A Bruzda-Zwiech, J Szczepańska, R Zwiech
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis (HD) patients, xerostomia and hyposalivation may intensify sensations of thirst, and contribute to the intake of fluids and excessive inter-dialytic weight gain (IWG). Since IWG is regarded to be higher in diabetic patients than in non-diabetics HD enhancing their mortality, it is crucial to define plausible underlying causes. Therefore, the study investigates factors contributing to the increased IWG in diabetic HD patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 97 HD patients (38 diabetics) receiving hemodialysis...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924751/how-gender-affects-experiences-with-bullying-in-prelicensure-bsn-programs-a-pilot-study
#16
Julie Ann Vingers
The purpose of the study was to identify if differences existed between male and female nursing students in occurrence rates of bullying and who was perpetrating the bullying. Results of a survey of 107 nursing students found that patients, nurses, and other hospital staff bullied female nursing students significantly more than male nursing students. The findings indicate that nurse educators need to be diligent while on the clinical unit as female students are more likely to be bullied by those they are learning from in these settings...
July 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924681/identifying-and-understanding-the-gaps-in-care-experienced-by-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-at-the-university-of-iowa-hospitals-and-clinics
#17
Erin M Mobley, Kristin J Foster, William W Terry
PURPOSE: In an effort to counteract the differences in improvement in survival rates of adolescents and young adults (AYA), compared to other age groups with cancer, the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics established an AYA cancer program. This study was conducted to gather feedback from AYAs in an effort to generate actionable data for program development. METHODS: The target population included patients aged 13-31 treated for malignancy in one of the following disease sites: central nervous system, leukemia, lymphoma, neuroendocrine, sarcoma, and thyroid...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924679/cohabitation-marijuana-use-and-heavy-alcohol-use-in-young-adulthood
#18
John P Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: Research on the association between cohabitation and substance use has been inconsistent, with some studies indicating an elevated risk among cohabiters and others finding either no difference in risk or a reduced risk of substance use. However, studies of this association have not utilized a causal modeling empirical framework. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to assess whether cohabitation has a causal effect on two forms of substance use among young adults: marijuana and heavy alcohol use...
June 20, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924668/effect-of-fitbit-and-ipad-wearable-technology-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients
#19
Ilana R Yurkiewicz, Pamela Simon, Michaela Liedtke, Gary Dahl, Tamara Dunn
PURPOSE: Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with cancer face significant challenges with regard to fatigue, reduced physical activity, and social isolation, which may negatively impact quality of life. This study investigated whether the use of digital wearable technology (Fitbits, along with synced iPads) can affect health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in AYA aged patients with cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study that offered Fitbits and iPads to all AYA patients aged 15 to 29 at an academic medical center at the time of cancer diagnosis...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924664/attendance-to-follow-up-care-in-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#20
Katharina Roser, Julia Baenziger, Luzius Mader, Salome Christen, Silvia Dehler, Gisela Michel
PURPOSE: The aim was to study follow-up care attendance in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors to investigate: (1) correlates of the intention to attend follow-up care and (2) whether the intention is associated with the actual attendance, applying the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey in AYA cancer survivors diagnosed 1990-2005 at age 16-25 years, registered in the Cancer Registry Zurich and Zug, Switzerland, who had survived at least 5 years...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
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