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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724281/the-virtual-asthma-guideline-e-learning-program-learning-effectiveness-and-user-satisfaction
#1
Sung-Yoon Kang, Sae-Hoon Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Young-Koo Jee, Hee-Bom Moon, Kyung-Up Min, Sang-Heon Cho
Background/Aims: Effective educational tools are important for increasing adherence to asthma guidelines and clinical improvement of asthma patients. We developed a computer-based interactive education program for asthma guideline named the Virtual Learning Center for Asthma Management (VLCAM). We evaluated the usefulness of program in terms of its effects on user awareness of asthma guideline and level of satisfaction. Methods: Physicians-in-training at tertiary hospitals in Korea were enrolled in a cross-sectional questionnaire survey...
July 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724218/roadside-verges-as-habitats-for-endangered-lizard-orchids-himantoglossum-spp-ecological-traps-or-refuges
#2
Réka Fekete, Timea Nagy, Judit Bódis, Éva Biró, Viktor Löki, Kristóf Süveges, Attila Takács, Jácint Tökölyi, Attila Molnár V
Alterations in traditional land use practices have led to severe declines in the area of semi-natural grasslands, thereby seriously threatening plant and animal species dependent on these habitats. Small anthropogenic managed habitats, like roadsides can act as refuges and might play an important role in conserving these species. Colonization of roadside verges by endangered lizard orchids (Himantoglossum spp.) has long been known, but few studies have systematically explored the suitability of roadside habitats for these orchids and the impact of roads on them...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724153/actual-and-standardized-patient-evaluations-of-medical-students-skills
#3
Amelia L Sattler, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Steven Y Lin, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Physicians must communicate effectively with patients. Actual patients (APs) rarely evaluate medical students' clinical skills; instead, standardized patients (SPs) provide proxy ratings. It is unclear how well SP ratings mirror AP experiences. The aim of this study was to compare AP and SP assessments of medical students' communication skills and professionalism. We hypothesized that their perspectives would be similar, but distinct, and offer insight about how to more reliably include the patient's voice in medical education...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724151/assessment-of-addiction-medicine-training-in-family-medicine-residency-programs-a-cera-study
#4
Sebastian Tong, Roy Sabo, Rebecca Aycock, Ramakrishna Prasad, Rebecca Etz, Anton Kuzel, Alex Krist
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a widespread problem but physicians may feel inadequately prepared to provide addiction care. We sought to assess current addiction medicine curricula in US family medicine residencies (FMRs) and evaluate barriers to improving or implementing addiction medicine curricula. METHODS: Questions regarding addiction medicine training were added to the December 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey to US FMR program directors to evaluate each FMR's curriculum, potential workforce production, perceived barriers to improving or implementing curricula and faculty training in addiction medicine...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724150/pregnancy-options-counseling-and-abortion-referrals-among-us-primary-care-physicians-results-from-a-national-survey
#5
Kelsey Holt, Elizabeth Janiak, Marie C McCormick, Ellice Lieberman, Christine Dehlendorf, Sandhya Kajeepeta, Jacquelyn M Caglia, Ana Langer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians (PCPs) can play a critical role in addressing unintended pregnancy through high-quality options counseling and referrals. METHODS: We surveyed a nationally representative sample of 3,000 PCPs in general, family, and internal medicine on practices and opinions related to options counseling for unintended pregnancy. We assessed predictors of physician practices using multivariable logistic regression weighted for sampling design and differential non-response...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724149/using-reflections-to-evaluate-the-stfm-behavioral-science-family-systems-educator-fellowship
#6
Deborah A Taylor, Victoria Gorski, Sandra K Burge
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A group of family medicine educators identified a need and developed a 1-year fellowship for early career behavioral science educators. This occurred in response to a reduction in previous opportunities and resources. The program was designed to shape and mentor new behavioral science faculty teaching in family medicine departments and programs. Quantitative data analysis from pre- and post-fellowship survey data from years 1-4 confirmed fellowship objectives were met...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724148/integrative-medicine-in-residency-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-program
#7
Patricia Lebensohn, Benjamin Kligler, Audrey J Brooks, Raymond Teets, Michele Birch, Paula Cook, Victoria Maizes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Online curricular interventions in residency have been proposed to address challenges of time, cost, and curriculum consistency. This study is designed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of a longitudinal, multisite online curriculum in integrative medicine (IMR) for residents. METHODS: Residents from eight family medicine programs undertook the 200-hour online IMR curriculum. Their medical knowledge (MK) scores at completion were compared to a control group from four similar residency programs...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724089/grower-analysis-of-organic-matter-amendments-in-california-orchards
#8
Sat Darshan S Khalsa, Patrick H Brown
Organic matter amendments supply crop nutrients and enhance soil health, yet information specific to orchards is lacking. A survey was conducted to analyze use of these materials by California almond [ (Mill.) D.A. Webb] growers. Significant differences were observed for benefits, concerns, and accessibility to manure and green waste sources and between users and nonusers. Use patterns were significantly influenced by heavy and light users, farm size, and geographic region. Enhanced soil biology was the main benefit attributed to organic matter amendments by both users and nonusers...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724077/physical-map-of-the-short-arm-of-bread-wheat-chromosome-3d
#9
Kateřina Holušová, Jan Vrána, Jan Šafář, Hana Šimková, Barbora Balcárková, Zeev Frenkel, Benoit Darrier, Etienne Paux, Federica Cattonaro, Helene Berges, Thomas Letellier, Michael Alaux, Jaroslav Doležel, Jan Bartoš
Bread wheat ( L.) is one of the most important crops worldwide. Although a reference genome sequence would represent a valuable resource for wheat improvement through genomics-assisted breeding and gene cloning, its generation has long been hampered by its allohexaploidy, high repeat content, and large size. As a part of a project coordinated by the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium (IWGSC), a physical map of the short arm of wheat chromosome 3D (3DS) was prepared to facilitate reference genome assembly and positional gene cloning...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724030/-violence-and-mental-health-issues-among-mexican-adolescents-that-have-considered-or-attempted-cross-border-migration
#10
Ruben Chavez-Ayala, Emanuel Orozco-Núñez, Marcela Sánchez-Estrada, Carlos Hernández-Girón
The aim of this study was to estimate the role of victimization by violence among Mexican adolescents that have considered or attempted migrating to the United States, including mental health variables (emotional self-esteem, self-esteem in school, depression, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide) as mediators of the effects. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified cluster sample of 13,198 adolescents from the 2nd Mexican National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance, and Violence in public schools in 2009...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724026/-level-of-implementation-of-the-program-for-safety-and-health-at-work-in-antioquia-colombia
#11
Ninfa Del Carmen Vega-Monsalve
This study describes the level of implementation of the Program for Safety and Health at Work in companies located in the Department of Antioquia, Colombia, and associated factors. A cross-sectional survey included 73 companies with more than 50 workers each and implementation of the program. A total of 65 interviews were held, in addition to 73 checklists and process reviews. The companies showed suboptimal compliance with the management model for workplace safety and health proposed by the International Labor Organization (ILO)...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723954/association-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-total-sugars-intake-and-measures-of-obesity-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Rachel Campbell, Natasha Tasevska, Kim G Jackson, Virag Sagi-Kiss, Nick di Paolo, Jennifer S Mindell, Susan J Lister, Kay-Tee Khaw, Gunter G C Kuhnle
Obesity is an important modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. While there is increasing focus on the role of dietary sugars, there remains a paucity of data establishing the association between sugar intake and obesity in the general public. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of estimated sugar intake with odds for obesity in a representative sample of English adults. We used data from 434 participants of the 2005 Health Survey of England. Biomarkers for total sugar intake were measured in 24 h urine samples and used to estimate intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723949/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-other-mental-disorders-in-the-general-population-after-lorca-s-earthquakes-2011-murcia-spain-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Diego Salmerón, Gemma Vilagut, Mª José Tormo, Guadalupe Ruíz-Merino, Teresa Escámez, Javier Júdez, Salvador Martínez, Karestan C Koenen, Carmen Navarro, Jordi Alonso, Ronald C Kessler
AIMS: To describe the prevalence and severity of mental disorders and to examine differences in risk among those with and without a lifetime history prior to a moderate magnitude earthquake that took place in Lorca (Murcia, Spain) at roughly the mid-point (on May 11, 2011) of the time interval in which a regional epidemiological survey was already being carried out (June 2010 -May 2012). METHODS: The PEGASUS-Murcia project is a cross-sectional face-to-face interview survey of a representative sample of non-institutionalized adults in Murcia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723939/assessing-health-related-resiliency-in-hiv-latin-women-preliminary-psychometric-findings
#14
Gladys J Jimenez-Torres, Valerie Wojna, Ernesto Rosario, Rosa Hechevarría, Ada M Alemán-Batista, Miriam Ríos Matos, Alok Madan, Richard L Skolasky, Summer F Acevedo
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723936/social-sensing-of-urban-land-use-based-on-analysis-of-twitter-users-mobility-patterns
#15
Aiman Soliman, Kiumars Soltani, Junjun Yin, Anand Padmanabhan, Shaowen Wang
A number of recent studies showed that digital footprints around built environments, such as geo-located tweets, are promising data sources for characterizing urban land use. However, challenges for achieving this purpose exist due to the volume and unstructured nature of geo-located social media. Previous studies focused on analyzing Twitter data collectively resulting in coarse resolution maps of urban land use. We argue that the complex spatial structure of a large collection of tweets, when viewed through the lens of individual-level human mobility patterns, can be simplified to a series of key locations for each user, which could be used to characterize urban land use at a higher spatial resolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723934/the-relationship-between-adiposity-and-bone-density-in-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#16
Cecilia Gállego Suárez, Benjamin H Singer, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Joyce M Lee, Kanakadurga Singer
OBJECTIVE: In adults, obesity has been associated with several health outcomes including increased bone density. Our objective was to evaluate the association between percent body fat and fat mass with bone mineral density (BMD) in a nationally representative population of children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 8,348 participants 8-18 years of age from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2006 had whole body DXA scans performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723927/piped-water-supply-interruptions-and-acute-diarrhea-among-under-five-children-in-addis-ababa-slums-ethiopia-a-matched-case-control-study
#17
Metadel Adane, Bezatu Mengistie, Girmay Medhin, Helmut Kloos, Worku Mulat
BACKGROUND: The problem of intermittent piped water supplies that exists in low- and middle-income countries is particularly severe in the slums of sub-Saharan Africa. However, little is known about whether there is deterioration of the microbiological quality of the intermittent piped water supply at a household level and whether it is a factor in reducing or increasing the occurrence of acute diarrhea among under-five children in slums of Addis Ababa. This study aimed to determine the association of intermittent piped water supplies and point-of-use (POU) contamination of household stored water by Escherichia coli (E...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723904/impact-of-mass-drug-administration-for-elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-nepal
#18
Chet Raj Ojha, Basant Joshi, Khagendra Prakash Kc, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Keshav Kumar Yogi, Bandana Bhatta, Tulasi Adhikari, Kathryn Crowley, Babu Ram Marasaini
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a neglected tropical disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Nepal has implemented a national effort to eliminate LF by 2020 through mass drug administration (MDA) using diethylcarbamazine (DEC) and albendazole (ALB). We assessed the impact of MDAs on LF in selected districts of Nepal after the recommended six MDA rounds had been completed. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Baseline surveys were conducted in seven districts and mapping data were used as baseline in the other three districts before starting MDA in 2009...
July 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723854/use-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-people-with-mobility-disability
#19
Miriam Gofine, Thelma J Mielenz, Sowmya Vasan, Benjamin Lebwohl
GOALS: We aimed to assess use of colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) as per United States Preventive Task Force guidelines among people with mobility disability using a nationally representative data set. BACKGROUND: Individuals with mobility disability have decreased access to health care services, but the impact of mobility disability on CRCS has not been investigated. STUDY: Data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey were used to estimate sociodemographic characteristics of adults with mobility disability, prevalence of CRCS, and odds of CRCS given mobility disability among Americans aged 50 to 75...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723840/cervical-spine-evaluation-and-clearance-in-the-intoxicated-patient-a-prospective-western-trauma-association-multi-institutional-trial-and-survey
#20
Matthew J Martin, Lisa D Bush, Kenji Inaba, Saskya Byerly, Martin Schreiber, Kimberly A Peck, Galinos Barmparas, Jay Menaker, Joshua P Hazelton, Raul Coimbra, Martin D Zielinski, Carlos V R Brown, Chad G Ball, Jill R Cherry-Bukowiec, Clay Cothren Burlew, Julie Dunn, C Todd Minshall, Matthew M Carrick, Gina M Berg, Demetrios Demetriades, William Long
INTRODUCTION: Intoxication often prevents clinical clearance of the cervical spine (Csp) after trauma leading to prolonged immobilization even with a normal CT scan. We evaluated the accuracy of CT at detecting clinically significant Csp injury, and surveyed participants on related opinions and practice. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study (2013-2015) at 17 centers. All adult blunt trauma patients underwent structured clinical examination and imaging including a Csp CT, with follow-up thru discharge...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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