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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445843/health-and-income-inequalities-in-europe-what-is-the-role-of-circumstances
#1
M Pasqualini, D Lanari, L Minelli, L Pieroni, L Salmasi
Equality of opportunity theories distinguish between inequalities due to individual effort and those due to external circumstances. Recent research has shown that half of the variability in income of World population was determined by country of birth and income distribution. Since health and income are generally strictly related, the aim of this paper is to estimate how much variability in income and health is determined by external circumstances. We use data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Survey on Ageing (ELSA), two comparable multidisciplinary surveys that provide micro-level data on health and financial resources among the elderly for a large number of European countries...
April 17, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445798/episiotomy-what-angle-do-you-cut-to-the-midline
#2
Kenneth Ma, Louise Byrd
OBJECTIVE: Although episiotomies are the commonest obstetric procedure performed the technique of performing one varies amongst obstetricians and midwives. The angle of episiotomy to the midline in particular has been shown to influence the risk of developing obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). In order to identify the differences in technique and to identify targets for training we undertook a practice survey of episiotomies to analyse the differences in technique between grades of obstetricians and midwives...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445791/quality-and-relevance-of-master-degree-education-for-the-professional-development-of-nurses-and-midwives
#3
Azzurra Massimi, Carolina Marzuillo, Marco Di Muzio, Maria Rosaria Vacchio, Elvira D'Andrea, Paolo Villari, Corrado De Vito
BACKGROUND: Advanced education in nursing is essential to provide safe, high quality and efficient health services in line with population needs. However, there is an almost complete lack of studies on how nurses view the usefulness of post-graduate education for their current employment and for professional advancement. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how nurse graduates view the quality, relevance and applicability of the knowledge and skills acquired during the Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degree...
April 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445647/how-will-copper-contamination-constrain-future-global-steel-recycling
#4
Katrin Ellen Daehn, Andre Cabrera Serrenho, Julian M Allwood
Copper in steel causes metallurgical problems, but is pervasive in end-of-life scrap and cannot currently be removed commercially once in the melt. Contamination can be managed to an extent by globally trading scrap for use in tolerant applications and dilution with primary iron sources. However, the viability of long-term strategies can only be evaluated with a complete characterization of copper in the global steel system and this is presented in this paper. The copper concentration of flows along the 2008 steel supply chain is estimated from a survey of literature data and compared with estimates of the maximum concentration that can be tolerated in steel products...
April 26, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445624/the-role-of-publicly-funded-family-planning-sites-in-health-insurance-enrollment
#5
Jennifer Yarger, Sara Daniel, M Antonia Biggs, Jan Malvin, Claire D Brindis
CONTEXT: Publicly funded family planning providers are well positioned to help uninsured individuals learn about health insurance coverage options and effectively navigate the enrollment process. Understanding how these providers are engaged in enrollment assistance and the challenges they face in providing assistance is important for maximizing their role in health insurance outreach and enrollment. METHODS: In 2014, some 684 sites participating in California's family planning program were surveyed about their involvement in helping clients enroll in health insurance...
April 26, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445580/the-influence-of-social-support-and-coping-on-quality-of-life-among-elderly-with-age-related-hearing-loss
#6
Sarah Moser, Wolfgang Luxenberger, Wolfgang Freidl
Purpose: The consequences of hearing loss hinder the everyday life of older adults and are associated with reduced well-being. The research aim was to explore the influence of hearing problems, various coping strategies, and perceived social support on quality of life. Method: Sixty-five older adults with age-related hearing loss (≥55 years) in Austria participated and completed a paper-pencil survey with standardized questionnaires: Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (Ventry and Weinstein, 1982), Assessment for Coping and Stress (Laireiter, 1997), short form of the Social Support Questionnaire (Fydrich, Sommer, Tydecks, & Brähler, 2009), and World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-Brief Version (World Health Organization, 1996)...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445557/us-adult-illicit-cannabis-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-medical-marijuana-laws-1991-1992-to-2012-2013
#7
Deborah S Hasin, Aaron L Sarvet, Magdalena Cerdá, Katherine M Keyes, Malka Stohl, Sandro Galea, Melanie M Wall
Importance: Over the last 25 years, illicit cannabis use and cannabis use disorders have increased among US adults, and 28 states have passed medical marijuana laws (MML). Little is known about MML and adult illicit cannabis use or cannabis use disorders considered over time. Objective: To present national data on state MML and degree of change in the prevalence of cannabis use and disorders. Design, Participants, and Setting: Differences in the degree of change between those living in MML states and other states were examined using 3 cross-sectional US adult surveys: the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey (NLAES; 1991-1992), the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; 2001-2002), and the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III (NESARC-III; 2012-2013)...
April 26, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445513/dietary-patterns-and-all-cause-cancer-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-japanese-men-and-women-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#8
Akiko Nanri, Tetsuya Mizoue, Taichi Shimazu, Junko Ishihara, Ribeka Takachi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Hiroyasu Iso, Shizuka Sasazuki, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis showed an inverse association of a prudent/healthy dietary pattern with all-cause mortality and no association of a western/unhealthy dietary pattern. However, the association of distinctive dietary patterns of Japanese population with mortality remains unclear. We prospectively investigated the association between dietary patterns and all-cause, cancer, and cardiovascular disease mortality among Japanese adults. METHODS: Participants were 36,737 men and 44,983 women aged 45-74 years who participated in the second survey of the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study (1995-1998) and who had no history of serious disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445482/questionable-science-and-reproducibility-in-electrical-brain-stimulation-research
#9
Martin E Héroux, Colleen K Loo, Janet L Taylor, Simon C Gandevia
Electrical brain stimulation (EBS) is a trendy new technique used to change brain function and treat neurological, psychiatric and psychological disorders. We were curious whether the published literature, which is dominated by positive results, reflects the experience of researchers using EBS. Specifically, we wanted to know whether researchers are able to reproduce published EBS effects and whether they engage in, but fail to report, questionable research practices. We invited 976 researchers to complete an online survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445480/google-earth-elevation-data-extraction-and-accuracy-assessment-for-transportation-applications
#10
Yinsong Wang, Yajie Zou, Kristian Henrickson, Yinhai Wang, Jinjun Tang, Byung-Jung Park
Roadway elevation data is critical for a variety of transportation analyses. However, it has been challenging to obtain such data and most roadway GIS databases do not have them. This paper intends to address this need by proposing a method to extract roadway elevation data from Google Earth (GE) for transportation applications. A comprehensive accuracy assessment of the GE-extracted elevation data is conducted for the area of conterminous USA. The GE elevation data was compared with the ground truth data from nationwide GPS benchmarks and roadway monuments from six states in the conterminous USA...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445471/a-randomized-trial-comparing-concise-and-standard-consent-forms-in-the-start-trial
#11
Christine Grady, Giota Touloumi, A Sarah Walker, Mary Smolskis, Shweta Sharma, Abdel G Babiker, Nikos Pantazis, Jorge Tavel, Eric Florence, Adriana Sanchez, Fleur Hudson, Antonios Papadopoulos, Ezekiel Emanuel, Megan Clewett, David Munroe, Eileen Denning
BACKGROUND: Improving the effectiveness and efficiency of research informed consent is a high priority. Some express concern about longer, more complex, written consent forms creating barriers to participant understanding. A recent meta-analysis concluded that randomized comparisons were needed. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized non-inferiority comparison of a standard versus concise consent form within a multinational trial studying the timing of starting antiretroviral therapy in HIV+ adults (START)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445438/reliability-and-validity-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-short-form-12-version-2-sf-12v2-in-adults-with-non-cancer-pain
#12
Corey J Hayes, Naleen Raj Bhandari, Niranjan Kathe, Nalin Payakachat
Limited evidence exists on how non-cancer pain (NCP) affects an individual's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to validate the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-12 Version 2 (SF-12v2), a generic measure of HRQoL, in a NCP cohort using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Longitudinal Files. The SF Mental Component Summary (MCS12) and SF Physical Component Summary (PCS12) were tested for reliability (internal consistency and test-retest reliability) and validity (construct: convergent and discriminant; criterion: concurrent and predictive)...
April 26, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445433/determinants-of-work-performance-in-workers-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ivana Ivandic, Kaloyan Kamenov, Diego Rojas, Gloria Cerón, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent disorders with an impact on existential aspects of person's life, including employment i.e., work performance (WP). In order to develop appropriate strategies, it is essential to identify determinants of WP. The objective of this study was to identify the built, social, attitudinal and health system-related environmental determinants of WP in workers with anxiety or depression in total (N = 1211) and regarding the level of disability. Hierarchical binary logistic regression was performed on data obtained from implementation of the WHO Model Disability Survey (MDS) in Chile in 2015...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445425/association-of-long-term-near-highway-exposure-to-ultrafine-particles-with-cardiovascular-diseases-diabetes-and-hypertension
#14
Yu Li, Kevin J Lane, Laura Corlin, Allison P Patton, John L Durant, Mohan Thanikachalam, Mark Woodin, Molin Wang, Doug Brugge
Ultrafine particle (UFP) concentrations are elevated near busy roadways, however, their effects on prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and hypertension are not well understood. To investigate these associations, data on demographics, diseases, medication use, and time of activities were collected by in-home surveys for 704 participants in three pairs of near-highway and urban background neighborhoods in and near Boston (MA, USA). Body mass index (BMI) was measured for a subset of 435 participants...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445417/ins-gnss-integration-for-aerobatic-flight-applications-and-aircraft-motion-surveying
#15
Edgar L V Hinüber, Christian Reimer, Tim Schneider, Michael Stock
This paper presents field tests of challenging flight applications obtained with a new family of lightweight low-power INS/GNSS (inertial navigation system/global satellite navigation system) solutions based on MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical- sensor) machined sensors, being used for UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) navigation and control as well as for aircraft motion dynamics analysis and trajectory surveying. One key is a 42+ state extended Kalman-filter-based powerful data fusion, which also allows the estimation and correction of parameters that are typically affected by sensor aging, especially when applying MEMS-based inertial sensors, and which is not yet deeply considered in the literature...
April 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445359/the-impact-of-body-contouring-procedures-on-urologic-outcomes-in-massive-weight-loss-patients
#16
Oren P Mushin, Franca S Kraenzlin, Anees Fazili, Ahmed Ghazi, Ronald P Bossert
BACKGROUND: Post-massive weight loss body contouring is a growing area of plastic surgery. Studies have shown preexisting urinary incontinence amelioration in patients undergoing abdominal body-contouring procedures. These studies are small, focus on cosmetic abdominoplasties, and lack use of standardized surveys. The purpose of this study was to evaluate urinary incontinence endpoints in massive weight loss patients undergoing body-contouring procedures. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted over a 6-year period...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445354/a-prospective-randomized-trial-comparing-the-effects-of-lidocaine-in-breast-reduction-surgery
#17
Brian M Christie, Sahil Kapur, Steve J Kempton, Summer E Hanson, Yue Ma, Venkat K Rao
BACKGROUND: Use of dilute epinephrine tumescent solution in breast reduction surgery has been shown to significantly decrease operative blood loss without increasing perioperative complications. Lidocaine is commonly added to epinephrine to decrease postoperative pain. Evidence supporting this practice, however, is limited, and lidocaine toxicity has been reported. METHODS: With institutional review board approval, patients undergoing bilateral breast reduction surgery were assigned to receive either tumescent saline solution with epinephrine (1:1 million) (group 1), or tumescent saline solution with epinephrine (1:1 million) and lidocaine (0...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445328/nursing2017%C3%A2-salary-and-benefits-survey
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445323/examination-of-the-relationship-between-management-and-clinician-perception-of-patient-safety-climate-and-patient-satisfaction
#19
Olena Mazurenko, Jason Richter, Abby Swanson Kazley, Eric Ford
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between managers and clinicians' agreement on deeming the patient safety climate as high or low and the patients' satisfaction with those organizations. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: We used two secondary data sets: the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (2012) and the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (2012). METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: We used ordinary least squares regressions to analyze the relationship between the extent of agreement between managers and clinicians' perceptions of safety climate in relationship to patient satisfaction...
April 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445314/bc-prom-validation-of-a-patient-reported-outcomes-measure-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#20
Xiaojuan Hu, Chunsen Zhang, Yanbo Zhang
Key issues of treatment for patients with breast cancer such as patient satisfaction with treatments, compliance, and some side effects are essential for evaluating quality of life by patient-reported outcomes in clinical trials. The study aimed to develop and evaluate a specific patient-reported measure which included physical, psychological, social, and therapeutic domain for assessing the survival of patients with breast cancer.The pool of items was drafted after a theoretical revision and cognitive interviews with women with breast cancer...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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