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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223128/child-protective-services-utilization-of-child-abuse-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Rebecca Girardet, Kelly Bolton, Syed Hashmi, Emily Sedlock, Rachna Khatri, Nina Lahoti, James Lukefahr
Several children's hospitals and medical schools across Texas have child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) who work closely with child protection workers to help ensure accurate assessments of the likelihood of maltreatment in cases of suspected abuse and neglect. Since the state does not mandate which cases should be referred to a CAP center, we were interested in studying factors that may influence workers' decisions to consult a CAP. We used a mixed methods study design consisting of a focus group followed by a survey...
December 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223123/differentiation-of-human-blood-from-animal-blood-using-raman-spectroscopy-a-survey-of-forensically-relevant-species
#2
Kyle C Doty, Igor K Lednev
The identification of blood samples is a crucial facet of forensic investigations, particularly for violent crimes. One step in forensic serology (i.e., the analysis of bodily fluids) that is often skipped or overlooked is the determination that a bloodstain is of human or nonhuman origin. Typically, subsequent to identifying a stain as blood using a presumptive blood test, which have the propensity of providing false positive results, the stain is submitted for extraction of a DNA profile to compare with those in a database...
November 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223110/systemic-inflammatory-markers-associated-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-acute-and-chronic-exposure-to-fine-particulate-matter-air-pollution-pm2-5-among-us-nhanes-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Arvind Dabass, Evelyn O Talbott, Judith R Rager, Gary M Marsh, Arvind Venkat, Fernando Holguin, Ravi K Sharma
BACKGROUND: There has been no investigation to date of adults with metabolic syndrome examining the association of short and long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) air pollution with cardiovascular-disease related inflammatory marker (WBC and CRP) levels in a nationally representative sample. The goal of this study is to assess the susceptibility of adults with metabolic syndrome to PM2.5 exposure as suggested by increased cardiovascular-disease related inflammatory marker levels...
December 6, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223086/perceived-versus-actual-water-quality-community-studies-in-rural-oaxaca-mexico
#4
Lewis Stetson Rowles, Reinaldo Alcalde, Francisca Bogolasky, Soyoon Kum, Farith A Diaz-Arriaga, Craig Ayres, Anne M Mikelonis, Luis Javier Toledo-Flores, Manuel Gerardo Alonso-Gutiérrez, Maria Eufemia Pérez-Flores, Desmond F Lawler, Peter M Ward, Juana Yolanda Lopez-Cruz, Navid B Saleh
Compromised water quality risks public health, which becomes particularly acute in economically marginalized communities. Although the majority of the clean-water-deprived population resides in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, a significant portion (32 million) lives in Meso- and Latin-America. Oaxaca is one of the marginalized southern states of Mexico, which has experienced high morbidity from infectious diseases and also has suffered from a high rate of infant mortality. However, there has been a paucity of reports on the status of water quality of culturally diverse rural Oaxaca...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223076/the-impact-of-soil-erosion-on-soil-fertility-and-vine-vigor-a-multidisciplinary-approach-based-on-field-laboratory-and-remote-sensing-approaches
#5
Agata Novara, Antonino Pisciotta, Mario Minacapilli, Antonino Maltese, Fulvio Capodici, Artemi Cerdà, Luciano Gristina
Soil erosion processes in vineyards, beyond surface runoff and sediment transport, have a strong effect on soil organic carbon (SOC) loss and redistribution along the slope. Variation in SOC across the landscape can determine differences in soil fertility and vine vigor. The goal of this research was to analyze the interactions among vines vigor, sediment delivery and SOC in a sloping vineyard located in Sicily. Six pedons were studied along the slope by digging 6 pits up to 60cm depth. Soil was sampled every 10cm and SOC, water extractable organic carbon (WEOC) and specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA) were analyzed...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223069/neuropsychological-and-clinical-heterogeneity-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#6
Lorena Broseghini Barcelos, Flávia Saad, Carla Giacominelli, Roberta Arb Saba, Patrícia Maria de Carvalho Aguiar, Sonia Maria Azevedo Silva, Vanderci Borges, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Bertolucci, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated neuropsychological tests to compare cognitive impairment between two types of multiple system atrophy: predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) and predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 14 patients diagnosed with MSA: four with MSA-C and ten with MSA-P. Presence of motor symptoms was determined by using the Unified Rating MSA Scale (URMSAS). Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222973/utilisation-of-academic-nursing-competence-in-europe-a-survey-among-members-of-the-european-academy-of-nursing-science
#7
Tove Aminda Hanssen, Pia Riis Olsen
BACKGROUND: In line with national and international strategies in Europe, the number of nurses with a doctoral degree has increased. The European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS) has for 18years delivered a three-year doctoral summer school for nurses. Questions have been raised in terms of how academic nurses' competencies are used and in what positions. AIM: To understand the progression of nurses' academic careers following completion of the EANS Summer School and to picture how research and academic skills of the nurses are being used for research and/or other fields in nursing...
November 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222939/which-outcomes-are-reported-in-cellulitis-trials-results-of-a-review-of-outcomes-included-in-cellulitis-trials-and-a-patient-priority-setting-survey
#8
REVIEW
E Smith, M Patel, K Thomas
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging need to develop consistent outcomes in clinical trials to allow effective comparison of treatment effects. No systematic review has previously looked at the reporting of outcome measures used in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) on treatment and prevention of cellulitis (erysipelas). OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this review was to describe the breadth of outcomes reported from RCTs on cellulitis treatment and prevention. The secondary aim was to identify outcome themes from patient and health care professionals' feedback from a cellulitis priority setting partnership (PSP)...
December 9, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222929/hiv-deceased-donor-referrals-a-national-survey-of-organ-procurement-organizations
#9
Ayla Cash, Xun Luo, Eric K H Chow, Mary Grace Bowring, Ashton A Shaffer, Brianna Doby, Corey E Wickliffe, Charles Alexander, Deborah McRann, Aaron A R Tobian, Dorry L Segev, Christine M Durand
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIV+) donor organs can be transplanted into HIV+ recipients under the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act. Quantifying HIV+ donor referrals received by Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs) is critical for HOPE Act implementation. METHODS: We surveyed the 58 US OPOs regarding HIV+ referral records and newly discovered HIV+ donors. Using data from OPOs that provided exact records and CDC HIV prevalence data, we projected a national estimate of HIV+ referrals...
December 9, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222902/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-of-korean-children-and-adolescents-according-to-cooking-location-and-daily-meal-study-based-on-2010-and-2011-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#10
Yong-Suk Kwon, Yangsuk Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study analyzed the intake of fruits and vegetables by cooking location and daily meals for Korean children and adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: For this study, 2,538 Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years, who participated in the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey dietary intake survey (24-hour recall methods), were sampled. RESULTS: The total unsalted fruit and vegetable intake for all subjects was 300 g (aged 7-12 years, 280 g; aged 13-18 years, 316 g)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222901/association-of-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-with-overweight-among-indonesian-children-6-12-years-of-age
#11
Heryudarini Harahap, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Moesijanti Soekatri, Ilse Khouw, Paul Deurenberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indonesia is currently facing double burden malnutrition in children. As overweight and obesity are due to a disturbed energy balance, this study aimed to assess the association of total energy intake and physical activity with the prevalence of overweight among Indonesian children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The data used for this analysis were from 1143 children, 6-12 years old, that participated in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222899/prevalence-and-determinants-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-non-pregnant-women-of-reproductive-age-in-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Atif Habib, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Noshad Ali, Sidrah Nausheen, Imran Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency Anemia (IDA) in women of reproductive age is a recognized public health concern that impairs health and well-being in women and is associated with adverse reproductive outcomes. In Pakistan there is a dearth of up-to-date information on the prevalence and predictors of IDA. This study sought to investigate IDA in Pakistani women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis was performed using the National Nutrition Survey in Pakistan 2011- 2012...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222895/sarcopenia-and-cachexia-evaluation-in-different-healthcare-settings-a-questionnaire-survey-of-health-professionals
#13
Saori Nakahara, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Yoji Kokura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The rates of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations by different occupational groups at different settings are unclear. The objectives are to evaluate and compare the relative use of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations among dietitians and associated healthcare professionals in a diverse range of settings. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 4,621 members from the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition. Settings included acute general wards, convalescent rehabilitation wards, long-term care wards, homecare service, and other settings...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222894/international-hospital-accreditation-and-clinical-nutrition-service-in-acute-care-hospitals-in-south-korea-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Mi Hyang Um, Eun Soon Lyu, Song Mi Lee, Yoo Kyoung Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Beginning in 2007, 29 hospitals in South Korea have received accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The present study aimed to identify differences in clinical nutrition service provisions between JCI accredited acute care hospitals and non-accredited acute care hospitals. A survey questionnaire was sent to all 43 acute care hospitals in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 35 sets of clinical nutrition service surveys, 234 sets of clinical dietitian job satisfaction surveys, and five-day daily work logs from 129 clinical dietitians were received...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222888/common-food-antimicrobials-effects-on-cellular-inflammation-and-oxidative-damage-and-their-estimated-occurrence-in-singapore
#15
Claudine Loong, Shin Yih Tsen, Xing Lin Ho, Muhammed Faiz B Raman, Wai Mun Loke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence and potential health effects of common food antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages are relatively unknown in Singapore. The occurrence of chemical antimicrobials in processed foods and beverages and their effects on inflammation and oxidative stress in vitro were examined. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The occurrence of antimicrobials in 1605 processed food and 359 beverage items were examined by surveying the ingredients on the product labels...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222880/consumption-and-sources-of-added-sugar-in-indonesia-a-review
#16
Atmarita, Nelis Imanningsih, Abas B Jahari, Ir Dewi Permaesih, Pauline Chan, Maria Sofia Amarra
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present report summarized the best available evidence regarding consumption level and sources of free or added sugars in Indonesia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Information was extracted from food balance sheets, household expenditure surveys, nutrition surveys, published studies, unpublished theses/ dissertations, and government reports. RESULTS: A total of 18 references were obtained, showing varying results. Indonesia's national surveys suggested intakes of sugar below 50 grams per day or below 10% of energy intake...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222878/non-communicable-diseases-food-and-nutrition-in-vietnam-from-1975-to-2015-the-burden-and-national-response
#17
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222877/critical-examination-of-evidence-for-the-nutritional-status-of-children-in-papua-new-guinea-a-systematic-review
#18
Peter J McGlynn, Andre μΝ Renzaho, Minh D Pham, Mike Toole, Jane Fisher, Stanley Luchters
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Undernutrition remains a significant cause of childhood illness, poor growth, development, and death in Papua New Guinea (PNG). Studies on child nutritional outcomes in PNG vary by design, measurement protocols and quality. We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence for the prevalence of child undernutrition across different study populations, geographical locations and time periods. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Six electronic databases and additional grey literature were searched for articles describing the nutritional status by wasting, stunting and underweight, of PNG children under five years of age, published between 1990 and April 2015...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222746/cadmium-favors-f-actin-depolymerization-in-rat-renal-mesangial-cells-by-site-specific-disulfide-based-dimerization-of-the-cap1-protein
#19
Ying Liu, Weiqun Xiao, Manasi Shinde, Jeffrey Field, Douglas M Templeton
Cadmium is a toxic metal that produces oxidative stress and has been shown to disrupt the actin cytoskeleton in rat renal mesangial cells (RMC). In a survey of proteins that might undergo Cd2+-dependent disulfide crosslinking, we identified the adenylyl cyclase-associated protein, CAP1, as undergoing a dimerization in response to Cd2+ (5-40 µM) that was sensitive to disulfide reducing agents, was reproduced by the disulfide crosslinking agent diamide, and was shown by site-directed mutagenesis to involve the Cys29 residue of the protein...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222737/differences-by-sexual-orientation-in-perceptions-of-neighborhood-cohesion-implications-for-health
#20
Carrie Henning-Smith, Gilbert Gonzales
A large body of research documents the relationship between health and place, including the positive association between neighborhood cohesion and health. However, very little research has examined neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. This paper addresses that gap by examining differences in perceived neighborhood cohesion by sexual orientation. We use data from the 2016 National Health Interview Survey (n = 28,164 respondents aged 18 years and older) to examine bivariate differences by sexual orientation in four measures of neighborhood cohesion...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Community Health
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