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Leopoldo A Paolucci, Estevam B Las Casas, Rafael R Faleiros, Cahuê F R Paz, Sergio S Rocha Junior
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of different fixation strategies of the intramedullary interlocking nail (IIN) on the mechanical behavior of a polymeric implant applied for femoral fracture fixation in calves, and to evaluate the performance of a glass fiber-reinforced polymer applied in a bovine femoral fracture reduction system, five Holstein male animals with a mean weight (±SD) of 62.8 ± 20.4 kg and aged 74 ± 15 were used to generate biomechanical parameters for this study...
May 7, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Yuanyuan Duan, Ravi Chandran, Denise Cherry
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to create three-dimensional composite models of quad zygomatic implant-supported maxillary prostheses with a variety of alveolar bone defects around implant sites, and to investigate the stress distribution in the surrounding bone using the finite element analysis (FEA) method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three-dimensional models of titanium zygomatic implants, maxillary prostheses, and human skulls were created and assembled using Mimics based on microcomputed tomography and cone beam computed tomography images...
May 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Wenting Yang, Dongmei Wang, Zhoujixin Lei, Chunhui Wang, Shanguang Chen
Astronauts who are exposed to weightless environment in long-term spaceflight might encounter bone density and mass loss for the mechanical stimulus is smaller than normal value. This study built a three dimensional model of human femur to simulate the remodeling process of human femur during bed rest experiment based on finite element analysis (FEA). The remodeling parameters of this finite element model was validated after comparing experimental and numerical results. Then, the remodeling process of human femur in weightless environment was simulated, and the remodeling function of time was derived...
December 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
Qun Wei, Mi-Jung Kim, Jong-Ha Lee
BACKGROUND: Drinking water has several advantages that have already been established, such as improving blood circulation, reducing acid in the stomach, etc. However, due to people not noticing the amount of water they consume every time they drink, most people drink less water than the recommended daily allowance. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, a capacitive sensor for developing an automatic tumbler to measure water level is proposed. Different than in previous studies, the proposed capacitive sensor was separated into two sets: the main sensor for measuring the water level in the tumbler, and the reference sensor for measuring the incremental level unit...
April 22, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Se Eun Kim, Boaz Arzi, Tanya C Garcia, Frank J M Verstraete
Bite force is generated by the interaction of the masticatory muscles, the mandibles and maxillae, the temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and the teeth. Several methods to measure bite forces in dogs and cats have been described. Direct in vivo measurement of a bite in dogs has been done; however, bite forces were highly variable due to animal volition, situation, or specific measurement technique. Bite force has been measured in vivo from anesthetized dogs by electrical stimulation of jaw adductor muscles, but this may not be reflective of volitional bite force during natural activity...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Ajmera Deepal Haresh, Singh Pradeep, Jinlin Song, Chao Wang, Yubo Fan
INTRODUCTION: The aim of commencing treatment in younger age is to rectify the developing dento-alveolar, skeletal and muscular imbalances. With growing dependence on arch development and expansion, the pendulum is oscillating more towards the non-extraction treatment lately, in resolving constriction and crowding issues. Since, a limited number of attempts have been made for mandibular expansion, this study aimes to evaluate the effect of different modes and sites of loading on the expansion of preadolescent mandible using biomechanics...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Liang Liang, Minliang Liu, Caitlin Martin, Wei Sun
Advances in structural finite element analysis (FEA) and medical imaging have made it possible to investigate the in vivo biomechanics of human organs such as blood vessels, for which organ geometries at the zero-pressure level need to be recovered. Although FEA-based inverse methods are available for zero-pressure geometry estimation, these methods typically require iterative computation, which are time-consuming and may be not suitable for time-sensitive clinical applications. In this study, by using machine learning (ML) techniques, we developed a ML-model to estimate the zero-pressure geometry of human thoracic aorta by given two pressurized geometries of the same patient at two different blood pressure levels...
May 9, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Maryam Geramizadeh, Hamidreza Katoozian, Reza Amid, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh
Objectives: This study aimed to optimize the thread depth and pitch of a recently designed dental implant to provide uniform stress distribution by means of a response surface optimization method available in finite element (FE) software. The sensitivity of simulation to different mechanical parameters was also evaluated. Materials and Methods: A three-dimensional model of a tapered dental implant with micro-threads in the upper area and V-shaped threads in the rest of the body was modeled and analyzed using finite element analysis (FEA)...
April 2018: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
Ebrahim Maghami, Ehsan Homaei, Khalil Farhangdoost, Edmond Ho Nang Pow, Jukka Pekka Matinlinna, James Kit-Hon Tsoi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate and quantify the effect of preparation design parameters on a premolar restored with two different CAD/CAM ceramic crowns by three-dimensional finite element analysis (FEA). METHODS: A restored human first premolar was digitized by a micro-CT scanner and a 3D model was created by a medical image processing software (Mimics). Following segmentation, dentine and ceramic were extracted by a surface meshing software (3-matic)...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
Yu Kitazawa, Kazutaka Jin, Yosuke Kakisaka, Mayu Fujikawa, Fumiaki Tanaka, Nobukazu Nakasato
PURPOSE: Predictive factors of higher drug load for seizure freedom were investigated in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), focusing on the difference between juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and other types of IGE (non-JME IGE). METHODS: Twelve patients with JME and 12 patients with non-JME IGE, who achieved seizure freedom for 1 year or longer with appropriate antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) after video electroencephalography monitoring, were reviewed retrospectively...
April 23, 2018: Epilepsy Research
Manuel Tomás Borges Radaelli, Henrique Takashi Idogava, Aloisio Oro Spazzin, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, Noéli Boscato
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: An occlusal device is frequently recommended for patients with bruxism to protect implant-supported restorations and prevent marginal bone loss. Scientific evidence to support this treatment is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this 3-dimensional (3D) finite element study was to evaluate the influence of an acrylic resin occlusal device, implant length, and insertion depth on stress distribution with functional and parafunctional loadings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Computer-aided design software was used to construct 8 models...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Heling Wang, Xin Ning, Haibo Li, Haiwen Luan, Yeguang Xue, Xinge Yu, Zhichao Fan, Luming Li, John A Rogers, Yihui Zhang, Yonggang Huang
Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) that rely on structural vibrations have many important applications, ranging from oscillators and actuators, to energy harvesters and vehicles for measurement of mechanical properties. Conventional MEMS, however, mostly utilize two-dimensional (2D) vibrational modes, thereby imposing certain limitations that are not present in 3D designs (e.g., multi-directional energy harvesting). 3D vibrational microplatforms assembled through the techniques of controlled compressive buckling are promising because of their complex 3D architectures and the ability to tune their vibrational behaviour (e...
March 2018: Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Marina Xavier Pisani, Anna Gabriella Camacho Presotto, Marcelo Ferraz Mesquita, Valentim Adelino Ricardo Barão, Daniel Takanori Kemmoku, Altair Antoninha Del Bel Cury
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: The use of single or mini dental implants to retain mandibular overdentures is still questionable. PURPOSE: The purpose of this finite element analysis (FEA) study was to investigate the biomechanical behavior of 2- and single-implant-retained mandibular overdentures with conventional or mini implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four 3-dimensional (3D) finite element models were constructed with the following designs of mandibular overdentures: 2 (group 2-C) and single (group 1-C) conventional external hexagon implants with ball or O-ring attachment and 2 (group 2-M) and single (group 1-M) 1-piece mini implants...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Yifei Yao, Ahmet Erdemir, Zong-Ming Li
Mechanics of carpal tunnel soft tissue, such as fat, muscle and transverse carpal ligament (TCL), around the median nerve may render the median nerve vulnerable to compression neuropathy. The purpose of this study was to understand the roles of carpal tunnel soft tissue mechanical properties and intratunnel pressure on the TCL tensile strain and carpal arch area (CAA) using finite element analysis (FEA). Manual segmentation of the thenar muscles, skin, fat, TCL, hamate bone, and trapezium bone in the transverse plane at distal carpal tunnel were obtained from B-mode ultrasound images of one cadaveric hand...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
Andrew Wildman, Ernesto Martinez-Baez, John L Fulton, Gregory K Schenter, Carolyn I Pearce, Aurora Evelyn Clark, Xiaosong Li
Ion pairing within complex solutions and elec- trolytes is a difficult phenomenon to mea- sure and investigate, yet it has signicant im- pact upon macroscopic processes, such as crys- tal formation. Traditional methods of detect- ing and characterizing ion pairing are sensi- tive to contact ion pairs, may require min- imum concentrations that limit applicability, and can have difficulty in characterizing solu- tions with many components. Because of its element specicity and sensitivity to local en- vironment, X-ray absorption near edge struc- ture (XANES) is a promising tool for investi- gating ion pairing in complex solutions...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
João-Paulo-Mendes Tribst, Vinicius-Aneas Rodrigues, Amanda-Maria-de Oliveira Dal Piva, Alexandre-Luiz-Souto Borges, Renato-Sussumu Nishioka
Background: Through the biomechanical study of dental implants, it is possible to understand the dissipation effects of masticatory loads in different situations and prevent the longevity of osseointegration. Aims: To evaluate the microstrains generated around external hexagon implants, using axial and non-axial loads in a fixed four-element prosthesis with straight implants and implants inclined at 17°. Material and Methods: Three implants were modeled using CAD software following the manufacturer's measurements...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Lobna Ouldamer, Elodie Poisson, Flavie Arbion, Carole Bonneau, Anne Vildé, Gilles Body, Patrick Michenet
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the outcome of women with pure flat atypical atypia (FEA) diagnosed at vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) targeting microcalcifications and to determine whether clinical, radiological and pathologic parameters are able to predict which lesions will be upgraded to malignancy. MATERIALS: 2414 cases of consecutive VABB for microcalcifications using VA 8-, 10- or 11-Gauge stereotactically guided core biopsy performed between January 2005 and December 2011 from two french breast cancer centers were evaluated...
April 14, 2018: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
Thomas A Püschel, Jordi Marcé-Nogué, Thomas M Kaiser, Robert J Brocklehurst, William I Sellers
Primates are interpreted to be ancestrally adapted to frugivory, although some modern groups show clear adaptations to other diets. Among them, pitheciids stand out for specifically predating seeds. This dietary specialization is known as sclerocarpy and refers to the extraction of seeds from surrounding hard tissues using the anterior dentition followed by the mastication of seeds by the molars. It has been proposed that Callicebus-Pithecia-Chiropotes-Cacajao represent a morphocline of increasingly specialized anatomical traits for sclerocarpic foraging...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Primatology
Tuğrul Aslan, Yakup Üstün, Emir Esim
The aim of this study was to evaluate the stresses within simulated roots with internal resorption cavities at the apical, middle and coronal root levels, after obturation with gutta-percha and/or MTA utilising finite element analysis (FEA). Mandibular premolar teeth with internal resorption cavities at different root levels were modelled. Models were restored with gutta-percha and/or MTA. An oblique force of 300 N was applied and stress evaluations were carried out. In the MTA-filled resorption models, the stresses were distributed more homogeneously than the gutta-percha filled models, and the stress concentrations were lower in the remaining dentinal tissues...
April 15, 2018: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
Kotaro Mori, Tadashi Horibe, Shigekazu Ishikawa
This study deals with the numerical and experimental study of the effect of weight on the resonant tuning and energy harvesting characteristics of energy harvesting devices using giant magnetostrictive materials. The energy harvesting device is made in a cantilever shape using a thin Terfenol-D layer, stainless steel (SUS) layer and a movable proof mass, among other things. In this study, two types of movable proof mass were prepared, and the device was designed to adjust its own resonant frequency automatically to match external vibration frequency in real time...
April 10, 2018: Materials
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