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E Dell'Aquila, C Cremolini, T Zeppola, S Lonardi, F Bergamo, G Masi, M Stellato, F Marmorino, M Schirripa, F Urbano, M Ronzoni, G Tomasello, A Zaniboni, P Racca, A Buonadonna, G Allegrini, E Fea, S Di Donato, S Chiara, G Tonini, D Tomcikova, L Boni, A Falcone, D Santini
Background: Neutrophil/Lymphocyte ratio (NLR), defined as absolute neutrophils count divided by absolute lymphocytes count, has been reported as poor prognostic factor in several neoplastic diseases but only a few data are available about unresectable metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients (pts). The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic and predictive role of NLR in the TRIBE trial. Patients and Methods: Pts enrolled in TRIBE trial were included...
January 8, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Sindhu Sudhakar Kumararama, Sunil Mishra, Ramesh Chowdhary
BACKGROUND: An optimal shape of the thread design of the implants is required for equal distribution of stresses to the surrounding bone matrix and for stimulation and promotion of bone remodeling. PURPOSE: The study was construed with the aim of histomorphometric evaluation of bone stimulation generated by different microthread designed implants in enhancing osseointegration, and to assess the pattern of stress dissipation through a two-dimensional finite element analysis...
January 4, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Yun-Feng Liu, Russell Wang, Dale A Baur, Xian-Feng Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the stress distribution to the mandible, with and without impacted third molars (IM3s) at various orientations, resulting from a 2000-Newton impact force either from the anterior midline or from the body of the mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3D mandibular virtual model from a healthy dentate patient was created and the mechanical properties of the mandible were categorized to 9 levels based on the Hounsfield unit measured from computed tomography (CT) images...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Zhou Chen, Weiqiu Chen, Jizhou Song
The buckling of a stiff film on a compliant substrate has attracted much attention due to its wide applications such as thin-film metrology, surface patterning and stretchable electronics. An analytical model is established for the buckling of a stiff thin film on a semi-infinite elastic graded compliant substrate subjected to in-plane compression. The critical compressive strain and buckling wavelength for the sinusoidal mode are obtained analytically for the case with the substrate modulus decaying exponentially...
December 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Seokhwan Choi, Hyoung Joon Choi, Jong Mok Ok, Yeonghoon Lee, Won-Jun Jang, Alex Taekyung Lee, Young Kuk, SungBin Lee, Andreas J Heinrich, Sang-Wook Cheong, Yunkyu Bang, Steven Johnston, Jun Sung Kim, Jhinhwan Lee
We explore a new mechanism for switching magnetism and superconductivity in a magnetically frustrated iron-based superconductor using spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy (SPSTM). Our SPSTM study on single-crystal Sr_{2}VO_{3}FeAs shows that a spin-polarized tunneling current can switch the Fe-layer magnetism into a nontrivial C_{4} (2×2) order, which cannot be achieved by thermal excitation with an unpolarized current. Our tunneling spectroscopy study shows that the induced C_{4} (2×2) order has characteristics of plaquette antiferromagnetic order in the Fe layer and strongly suppresses superconductivity...
December 1, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Chamith S Rajapakse, Elizabeth A Kobe, Alexandra S Batzdorf, Michael W Hast, Felix W Wehrli
High-resolution MRI-derived finite element analysis (FEA) has been used in translational research to estimate the mechanical competence of human bone. However, this method has yet to be validated adequately under in vivo imaging spatial resolution or signal-to-noise conditions. We therefore compared MRI-based metrics of bone strength to those obtained from direct, mechanical testing. The study was conducted on tibiae from 17 human donors (12 males and five females, aged 33 to 88years) with no medical history of conditions affecting bone mineral homeostasis...
December 23, 2017: Bone
Jia Gao, Tingting Wang, Minxuan Liu, Jing Liu, Zongwen Zhang
Buckwheat is an important minor crop with pharmaceutical functions due to rutin enrichment in the seed. Seeds of common buckwheat cultivars (Fagopyrum esculentum, Fes) usually have much lower rutin content than tartary buckwheat (F. tartaricum, Ft). We previously found a wild species of common buckwheat (F. esculentum ssp. ancestrale, Fea), with seeds that are high in rutin, similar to Ft. In the present study, we investigated the mechanism by which rutin production varies among different buckwheat cultivars, Fea, a Ft variety (Xide) and a Fes variety (No...
2017: PloS One
Karthik Ghosh, Robert A Vierkant, Ryan D Frank, Stacey Winham, Daniel W Visscher, Vernon S Pankratz, Christopher G Scott, Kathleen Brandt, Mark E Sherman, Derek C Radisky, Marlene H Frost, Lynn C Hartmann, Amy C Degnim, Celine M Vachon
BACKGROUND: Over 40% of women undergoing breast screening have mammographically dense breasts. Elevated mammographic breast density (MBD) is an established breast cancer risk factor and is known to mask tumors within the dense tissue. However, the association of MBD with high risk benign breast disease (BBD) is unknown. METHOD: We analyzed data for 3400 women diagnosed with pathologically confirmed BBD in the Mayo Clinic BBD cohort from 1985-2001, with a clinical MBD measure (either parenchymal pattern (PP) or Breast Imaging Reporting and Data Systems (BI-RADS) density) and expert pathology review...
December 19, 2017: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Jung Jin Kim, Jimin Nam, In Gwun Jang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Automated segmentation with high accuracy and speed is a prerequisite for FEA-based quantitative assessment with a large population. However, hip joint segmentation has remained challenging due to a narrow articular cartilage and thin cortical bone with a marked interindividual variance. To overcome this challenge, this paper proposes a fully automated segmentation method for a hip joint that uses the complementary characteristics between the thresholding technique and the watershed algorithm...
February 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Rong Cen, Renqing Wang, Gary S P Cheung
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate the heat transfer during thermoplastic obturation and the cooling capacity of blood flow in the periodontal ligament (PDL) using finite element analysis (FEA). METHODS: A 3-dimensional digital tooth model was constructed based on micro-computed tomographic scanning of a mandibular first molar after chemomechanical preparation in vitro. A layer of PDL with or without simulated blood flow was built on the root portion of the tooth in software...
January 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Michiaki Miura, Junichi Nakamura, Yusuke Matsuura, Yasushi Wako, Takane Suzuki, Shigeo Hagiwara, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Yuya Kawarai, Masahiko Sugano, Kento Nawata, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Finite element analysis (FEA) of the proximal femur has been previously validated with large mesh size, but these were insufficient to simulate the model with small implants in recent studies. This study aimed to validate the proximal femoral computed tomography (CT)-based specimen-specific FEA model with smaller mesh size using fresh frozen cadavers. METHODS: Twenty proximal femora from 10 cadavers (mean age, 87.1 years) were examined. CT was performed on all specimens with a calibration phantom...
December 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Natdanai Likhitrakarn, Parin Jirapatrasilp, Sergei I Golovatch, Somsak Panha
At present, the millipede fauna of Myanmar comprises 92 species from 34 genera, 13 families and 8 orders, mostly described in 1889-1896. All literature records are cited with updates on species identities, as well as numerous taxonomic problems which make the number of species and even genera still imprecise. The Myanmar millipede fauna contains 70 endemic and five widespread synanthropic species. One species is found to have erroneously been recorded from Myanmar, and is ejected from the list of Myanmar millipedes also because of its uncertain taxonomic status...
November 16, 2017: Zootaxa
Saied Goodarzi, Mehdi Nateghpour, Parina Asgharian, Abbas Hadjiakhoondi, Narguess Yassa, Saeed Tavakoli, Jalal Mirzaei, Leila Farivar, Afsaneh Motevalli Haghi, Zahra Tofighi
Objectives: Astrodaucus persicus (Apiaceae) is one of the two species of this genus which grows in different parts of Iran. Roots of this plant were rich in benzodioxoles and used as food additive or salad in Iran and near countries. The aim of present study was evaluation of antimalarial and cytotoxic effects of different fractions of A. persicus fruits and roots extracts. Materials and Methods: Ripe fruits and roots of A. persicus were extracted and fractionated by hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol, separately...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Chang-Woo Cho, Jonathan Haiwei Yang, Noah F Q Yuan, Junying Shen, Thomas Wolf, Rolf Lortz
We investigate the magnetic phase diagram near the upper critical field of KFe_{2}As_{2} by magnetic torque and specific heat experiments using a high-resolution piezorotary positioner to precisely control the parallel alignment of the magnetic field with respect to the FeAs layers. We observe a clear double transition when the field is strictly aligned in the plane and a characteristic upturn of the upper critical field line, which goes far beyond the Pauli limit at 4.8 T. This provides firm evidence that a Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov state exists in this iron-based KFe_{2}As_{2} superconductor...
November 24, 2017: Physical Review Letters
Christopher Woods, Christianne Fernee, Martin Browne, Sonia Zakrzewski, Alexander Dickinson
This paper introduces statistical shape modelling (SSM) for use in osteoarchaeology research. SSM is a full field, multi-material analytical technique, and is presented as a supplementary geometric morphometric (GM) tool. Lower mandibular canines from two archaeological populations and one modern population were sampled, digitised using micro-CT, aligned, registered to a baseline and statistically modelled using principal component analysis (PCA). Sample material properties were incorporated as a binary enamel/dentin parameter...
2017: PloS One
Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, Hashem Zamanian, Narges Shayesteh Moghaddam, Ahmadreza Jahadakbar, Mohammad Elahinia
Hinge-based Ankle Foot Orthosis (HAFO) is one of the most common non-surgical solutions for the foot drop. In conventional HAFOs, the ankle joint is almost locked, and plantar flexion is restricted due to the high stiffness of the hinge mechanism. This often leads to a rigid walking gate cycle, poor muscle activity, and muscle atrophy. Since the ankle torque-angle loop has a non-linear profile, the use of a superelastic NiTi spring within the hinge, due to its nonlinear behavior, could recreate a close-to-normal stiffness of the normal ankle joint, which, in turn, could create a more natural walk...
December 7, 2017: Bioengineering
Izabela C M Moris, Carolina Alves Moscardini, Luana Kelle Batista Moura, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva-Sousa, Erica Alves Gomes
This study evaluated the stress distribution in endodontically treated teeth, weakened (W) or not weakened (NW), restored with different materials of prosthetic crown using 3D-FEA. Models of a maxillary canine were constructed based on micro-CT images and divided into the groups: G1 (control) - sound tooth; G2 to G7 - endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber post (GFP); which G2 to G4 simulated NW root and G5 to G7 simulated W root. For crown material the teeth were restored with: G2 and G5: metallic coping and ceramic veneering, G3 and G6: zirconia coping and ceramic veneering, G4 and G7: alumina coping and ceramic veneering...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Marco C Merlano, Cristina Granetto, Elena Fea, Vincenzo Ricci, Ornella Garrone
The large bowel shows biomolecular, anatomical and bacterial changes that proceed from the proximal to the distal tract. These changes account for the different behaviour of colon cancers arising from the diverse sides of the colon-rectum as well as for the sensitivity to the therapy, including immunotherapy. The gut microbiota plays an important role in the modulation of the immune response and differs between the right colon cancer and the left colorectal cancer. The qualitative and quantitative difference of the commensal bacteria between the right side and the left side induces epigenetic changes in the intestinal epithelial cells as well as in the resident immune population...
2017: ESMO Open
João Batista Novaes, Elissa Talma, Estevam Barbosa Las Casas, Wondwosen Aregawi, Lauren Wickham Kolstad, Sue Mantell, Yan Wang, Alex Fok
OBJECTIVES: Polymerization shrinkage of resin composite restorations can cause debonding at the tooth-restoration interface. Theory based on the mechanics of materials predicts that debonding at the pulpal floor would half the shrinkage displacement at the occlusal surface. The aim of this study is to test this theory and to examine the possibility of detecting subsurface resin composite restoration debonding by measuring the superficial shrinkage displacements. METHODS: A commercial dental resin composite with linear shrinkage strain of 0...
November 30, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Dan Yan, Hui-Ji Li, Hou-Qin Cai, Mei Wang, Chun-Chang Wang, Hai-Bo Yi, Xiao-Bo Min
The mechanism of As(V) removal from the drinking water and industrial effluents by iron materials remains unclear at the molecular level. In this work, the association of Fe-based materials with As(V) species was explored using density functional theory and ab initio calculations. Solvent separated ion pair structures of [FeH2AsO4]2+aq species may be dominant in an acidic solution of FeAs complex. The association trend of H2AsO4- species by Fe3+aq is found to be quite weak in the aqueous solution, which may be attributed to the strong hydration of Fe3+aq and [FeH2AsO4]2+ species...
November 30, 2017: Chemosphere
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