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Friso S Aalbers, Marco W Fraaije
The combination of redox enzymes for redox-neutral cascade reactions has received increasing appreciation. An example is the combination of an alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) with a cyclohexanone monooxygenase (CHMO). The ADH can use NADP(+) to oxidize cyclohexanol to form cyclohexanone and NADPH. Both products are then used by CHMO to produce ε-caprolactone. In this study, these two redox-complementary enzymes were fused, to create a self-sufficient bifunctional enzyme that can convert alcohols to esters or lactones...
September 15, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Masaya Nakamura, Jong-Hwan Ra, Youngheun Jee, Ju-Sung Kim
The leaves of Sasa quelpaertensis Nakai were extracted with 80% ethanol and further partitioned with n-hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and aqueous fractions to evaluate the biological activity through assessment via various in vitro assays, including total phenol content; 1,1-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazothiazoline-6-sulfornic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging; reducing power; α-glucosidase and tyrosinase inhibitory; and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity assays...
April 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Ping Li, Zhiwen Xu, Xiangang Sun, Yue Yin, Yi Fan, Jun Zhao, Xiyu Mao, Jianbo Huang, Fan Yang, Ling Zhu
BACKGROUND: The complexity of the pathogenic mechanism underlying the host immune response to Actinobacillus pleuropneumonia (App) makes the use of preventive measures difficult, and a more global view of the host-pathogen interactions and new insights into this process are urgently needed to reveal the pathogenic and immune mechanisms underlying App infection. Here, we infected specific pathogen-free Mus musculus with App serotype 7 by intranasal inoculation to construct an acute hemorrhagic pneumonia infection model and isolated the infected lungs for analysis of the interactions by dual RNA-seq...
September 12, 2017: BMC Microbiology
Shaohua Wang, Sheng Dong, Yi Wang
Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 is well known as a hyper-butanol producing strain. However, little information is available concerning its butanol production mechanism and the development of more robust strains. In this study, key biosynthetic genes (either endogenous or exogenous) including the sol operon (bld-ctfA-ctfB-adc), adhE1, adhE1(D485G), thl, thlA1(V5A), thlA(V5A) and the expression cassette EC (thl-hbd-crt-bcd) were overexpressed in C. saccharoperbutylacetonicum N1-4 to evaluate their potential in enhancement of butanol production...
September 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Shengbo Hou, Hualiang Feng, Jiaoqi Gao, Yimin Li, Wenjie Yuan, Fengwu Bai
Kluyveromyces marxianus, as unconventional yeast, attracts more and more attention in the biofuel fermentation. Although this sort of yeasts can ferment pentose sugars, the fermentation capacity differs largely. Xylose and arabinose fermentation by three K. marxianus strains (K. m 9009, K. m 1911 and K. m 1727) were compared at different temperatures. The results showed that the fermentation performance of the three strains had significant difference under different fermentation temperatures. Especially, the sugar consumption rate and alcohol yield of K...
June 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Min Jin, Haifeng Liu, Yanping Hou, Zhuhua Chan, Wenjie Di, Li Li, Runying Zeng
Oligosaccharides derived from seaweeds possess diverse biological functions. However, little is known about their effects on liver damage. In this study, algal oligosaccharides (AOS) were prepared from Gracilaria lemaneiformis by biodegradation approaches. HPLC analysis showed AOS were composed of agarooligosaccharides and neoagarooligosaccharides. In vivo animal studies showed AOS significantly attenuated alcohol-induced hepatopathy in mice to some extent, as revealed by the normalization of several serum liver-damage markers...
October 2017: Food Research International
Jiajun Xie, Changjun Wang, Qingyao Ning, Qi Gao, Changyou Gao, Zhongru Gou, Juan Ye
PURPOSE: To design an injectable hyaluronate (HA)-based hydrogel system that contains drug-loaded microcapsules as resorbable plugs to deliver ocular drugs. METHODS: In-situ drug-loaded, core-shell-structured chitosan (CS)@HA microcapsules were fabricated via HA hydrosol collecting in electrospun bead-rich CS fibers under continuous stirring. An injectable and cytocompatible hydrogel system with different degrees of chemical crosslinking maintained viscoelastic and sustained drug release for a long-term period of time at body temperature in vitro...
September 8, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Shameer Pillarisetti, S Maya, S Sathianarayanan, R Jayakumar
Tunable pH and redox responsive polymer was prepared using γ-polyglutamic acid (γ-PGA) with linker 3-mercaptopropionic acid (3-MPA) (γ-PGA_SH) via oxidation to obtain redox responsive disulfide (γ-PGA_SS) backbone and adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH) (γ-PGA_SS_ADH) with hydrazide functional group for pH responsiveness. Further curcumin (Cur) was conjugated through hydrazone bond of the γ-PGA_SS_ADH via Schiff base reaction to obtain (γ-PGA_SS_ADH_Cur). The prepared systems were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, Electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-Qq-TOF-MS/MS) and Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (SS NMR) techniques...
August 31, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Xiao Wang, Jun Yao, Jinyang Wang, Qingling Zhang, Samuel Warren Brady, Banu Arun, Victoria Seewaldt, Dihua Yu
The prevention of ER- breast cancer remains a major challenge in the cancer prevention field although anti-estrogen and aromatase inhibitors have shown adequate efficacy in preventing ER+ breast cancer. Lack of commonly expressed, druggable targets is a major obstacle for meeting this challenge. Previously, we detected the activation of Akt signaling pathway in atypical hyperplasic early stage lesions of patients. In the current study, we found that Akt and the downstream p70S6K signaling pathway was highly activated in ER- pre-malignant breast lesions and ER- breast cancer...
September 6, 2017: Cancer Prevention Research
Karolina Orywal, Wojciech Jelski, Tadeusz Werel, Maciej Szmitkowski
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate a potential role of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) as tumor markers for prostate cancer (PCa). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum samples were obtained from 52 patients with PCa, 34 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 60 healthy subjects. Class III and IV of ADH and total ADH activity were measured by the photometric method. For measurement of class I and II ADH and ALDH activity, the fluorometric method was employed...
September 2017: Anticancer Research
Almudena Aranda-Martinez, Miguel Ángel Naranjo Ortiz, Isabel Sofía Abihssira García, Ernesto A Zavala-Gonzalez, Luis Vicente Lopez-Llorca
Chitin is the second most abundant biopolymer after cellulose and virtually unexplored as raw material for bioethanol production. In this paper, we investigate chitosan, the deacetylated form of chitin which is the main component of shellfish waste, as substrate for bioethanol production by fungi. Fungal parasites of invertebrates such as the nematophagous Pochonia chlamydosporia (Pc) or the entomopathogens Beauveria bassiana (Bb) and Metarhizium anisopliae (Ma) are biocontrol agents of plant parasitic nematodes (eg...
November 2017: Microbiological Research
Erin E Doody, Jennifer L Groebner, Jetta R Walker, Brittnee M Frizol, Dean J Tuma, David J Fernandez, Pamela L Tuma
The liver metabolizes alcohol using alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1). Both enzymes metabolize ethanol into acetaldehyde, but CYP2E1 activity also results in the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that promote oxidative stress. We have previously shown that microtubules are hyperacetylated in ethanol-treated polarized, hepatic WIF-B cells and livers from ethanol fed rats. We have also shown that enhanced protein acetylation correlates with impaired clathrin-mediated endocytosis, constitutive secretion and nuclear translocation and that the defects are likely mediated by acetaldehyde...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Jiaxiang Li, Baiyun Tang, Wenbo Zhang, Cuiping Wang, Song Yang, Bao Zhang, Xiuren Gao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanisms of Kv2.1 on the secretion of ADH in rats with heart failure. METHODS: In the animal study, 70 healthy male SD rats were selected. Ligation of coronary heart failure model surgery was performed in 60 rats and sham surgery was performed in the other 10 rats. Q-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of Kv2.1 in hypothalamus and heart. The protein expression of Kv2.1 and ADH was detected by western blot. In the cell culture study, hypothalamic neurons were cultured and divided into 7 groups...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Setareh Haghighat, Seyed Davar Siadat, Seyed Mehdi Rezayat Sorkhabadi, Abbas Akhavan Sepahi, Mehdi Mahdavi
The methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection is a hot topic area in microbiology research. Here a novel vaccine candidate consisting of recombinant PBP2a and autolysin proteins were used. The proteins over expressed in E.coli BL21 (DE3) cells, and purified by the Ni-NTA affinity column and conjugated using EDAC and ADH as a linker and spacer, respectively. To investigate the immunogenicity and protective effects of recombinant proteins, 5 and 20μg of proteins in various formulations were subcutaneously injected in different groups...
August 28, 2017: Molecular Immunology
Sidrah Khan, Adrian Diaz, Kellie J Archer, Rebecca R Lehman, Tiffany Mullins, Gilda Cardenosa, Harry D Bear
Papillary lesions of the breast range from benign to atypical to malignant. Although papillomas without frank cancer are benign, their management remains controversial. When a core needle biopsy of a lesion yields a diagnosis of intraductal papilloma with atypia, excision is generally recommended to rule out a concurrent malignant neoplasm. For intraductal papillomas without atypia, however, recommendations for excision versus observation are variable. The aims of this study are to evaluate the rate of concurrent malignancies for intraductal papilloma diagnosed on core needle biopsy and to assess the long-term risk of developing cancer after the diagnosis of a papillary lesion...
August 27, 2017: Breast Journal
Gözde Aydoğdu Tığ
This work presents the fabrication of a novel nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) sensor using gold-silver bimetallic nanoparticles (Au-AgNPs), poly(L-Cysteine) (P(L-Cys)) and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide (ERGO) modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE/Au-AgNPs/P(L-Cys)-ERGO). The composite electrode exhibited an excellent electrocatalytic response towards NADH at a low oxidation potential (+ 0.35V) and minimization of surface contamination due to the synergistic effects of the Au-AgNPs, polymer and ERGO...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
Ting Jiang, Chen Zhang, Qin He, Zhaojuan Zheng, Jia Ouyang
The efficient utilization of xylose is regarded as a technical barrier to the commercial production of bulk chemicals from biomass. Due to the desirable mechanical properties of polylactic acid (PLA) depending on the isomeric composition of lactate, biotechnological production of lactate with high optical pure has been increasingly focused in recent years. The main objective of this work was to construct an engineered Escherichia coli for the optically pure L-lactate production from xylose. Six chromosomal deletions (pflB, ldhA, ackA, pta, frdA, adhE) and a chromosomal integration of L-lactate dehydrogenase-encoding gene (ldhL) from Bacillus coagulans was involved in construction of E...
August 24, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Ali Linsk, Tejas S Mehta, Vandana Dialani, Alexander Brook, Tamuna Chadashvili, Mary Jane Houlihan, Ranjna Sharma
Atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH), and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) are commonly seen on breast core needle biopsy (CNB). Many institutions recommend excision of these lesions to exclude malignancy. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients who had ADH, ALH, or LCIS on breast CNB from 1/1/08 to 12/31/10 who subsequently had surgical excision of the biopsy site. Study objectives included determining upgrade to malignancy at surgical excision, identification of predictors of upgrade, and validation of a recently published predictive model...
August 22, 2017: Breast Journal
Jonas Michel Wolf, Daniel Simon, Jorge Umberto Béria, Daniela Cardoso Tietzmann, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Vagner Ricardo Lunge
BACKGROUND: Hazardous drinking (HD) is a serious health problem in people infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes have been associated with HD in different populations, but there was no data about this in HIV-1 positive individuals. This study investigated the association of four non-synonymous SNPs in ADH genes (Arg48His and Arg370Cys in ADH1B gene; Arg272Gln and Ile350Val in ADH1C gene) with HD in people living with HIV-1...
August 23, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Anatoliy V Rudin, Tanya L Hoskin, Aodhnait Fahy, Ann M Farrell, Aziza Nassar, Karthik Ghosh, Amy C Degnim
BACKGROUND: No consensus exists on whether flat epithelial atypia (FEA) diagnosed percutaneously should be surgically excised. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the frequency of upgrade to cancer or an atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) at surgical excision of FEA was performed. METHODS: Embase, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science databases from January 2003 to November 2015 were searched. The inclusion criteria required a manuscript in English with original data on FEA diagnosed percutaneously, data including the presence or absence of other concurrent high-risk lesions, and data including outcome of cancer at surgical excision...
August 22, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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