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Rejuvenation factors and plasma

Nesreen Nabil Omar, Rasha R Rashed, Rania M El-Hazek, Walaa A El-Sabbagh, Engy R Rashed, Mona A El-Ghazaly
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a source of natural growth factors and is emerging as a treatment modality to mitigate radiotherapy- induced adverse effects. Activin A (ACTA) is a member of the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily, which has been shown to modulate the inflammatory response and macrophages polarization between different phenotypes. The aim of this study is to determine the value of PRP in preventing radiation-induced malignancies in light of the cross-talk between PRP and activin A type II receptors (ActR-IIA)/follistatin (FST) signaling pathways where the inflammatory responses at 2 different time points were evaluated...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Mengxiong Pan, Peng Wang, Chengcai Zheng, Hongxia Zhang, Siyang Lin, Bei Shao, Qichuan Zhuge, Kunlin Jin
Compelling evidence indicates that factors in the blood can profoundly reverse aging-related impairments, as exposure of aged mice to young blood rejuvenates adult stem cell function, improves cognition, and ameliorates cardiac hypertrophy. Systemic factors from mice can also extend the life span of a partner exposed to a lethal treatment or disease. These findings suggest that the systemic milieu of a healthy young partner may be beneficial for an aged organism. However, it is unknown whether a healthy young systemic milieu can improve functional recovery after ischemic stroke...
October 2017: Aging and Disease
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Alana M Horowitz, Saul A Villeda
Neurodegenerative diseases are a devastating group of conditions that cause progressive loss of neuronal integrity, affecting cognitive and motor functioning in an ever-increasing number of older individuals. Attempts to slow neurodegenerative disease advancement have met with little success in the clinic; however, a new therapeutic approach may stem from classic interventions, such as caloric restriction, exercise, and parabiosis. For decades, researchers have reported that these systemic-level manipulations can promote major functional changes that extend organismal lifespan and healthspan...
2017: F1000Research
Katsuhiro Onodera, Hisatoshi Sugiura, Mitsuhiro Yamada, Akira Koarai, Naoya Fujino, Satoru Yanagisawa, Rie Tanaka, Tadahisa Numakura, Shinsaku Togo, Kei Sato, Yorihiko Kyogoku, Yuichiro Hashimoto, Tatsuma Okazaki, Tsutomu Tamada, Seiichi Kobayashi, Masaru Yanai, Motohiko Miura, Yasushi Hoshikawa, Yoshinori Okada, Satoshi Suzuki, Masakazu Ichinose
RATIONALE: Cellular senescence is observed in the lungs of patients with COPD and may contribute to the disease pathogenesis. Growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) belongs to the transforming growth factor β superfamily and was recently reported to be a circulating protein that may have rejuvenating effects in mice. We aimed to investigate the amounts of GDF11 in the plasma and the lungs of patients with COPD and elucidate the possible roles of GDF11 in cellular senescence. METHODS: The plasma levels of GDF11 were investigated in two separate cohorts by western blotting...
October 2017: Thorax
Heba I Gawdat, Amira M Tawdy, Rehab A Hegazy, Mohga M Zakaria, Ryham S Allam
BACKGROUND: The escalating urge for a youthful-looking skin instigates continuous innovations with minimally invasive procedures. Readymade growth factors and autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) represent such therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: Compare the efficacy and safety of PRP to readymade growth factors in skin rejuvenation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty adult females with Fitzpatrick skin types III-IV and Glogau photoaging types II and III were enrolled in this study...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Kanya Honoki
Characterized by dysfunction of tissues, organs, organ systems and the whole organism, aging results from the reduced function of effective stem cell populations. Recent advances in aging research have demonstrated that old tissue stem cells can be rejuvenated for the purpose of maintaining the old-organ function by youthful re-calibration of the environment where stem cells reside. Biochemical cues regulating tissue stem cell function include molecular signaling pathways that interact between stem cells themselves and their niches...
January 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Ozlem Karabudak Abuaf, Hamza Yildiz, Hüseyin Baloglu, Memet Ersan Bilgili, Hasan Aktug Simsek, Bilal Dogan
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentration of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma and has recently been shown to accelerate rejuvenate aging skin by various growth factors and cell adhesion molecules. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intradermal injection of PRP in the human facial rejuvenation. METHODS: This study was a prospective, single-center, single-dose, open-label, non-randomized controlled clinical study...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
Naema Y Elnehrawy, Zeinab A Ibrahim, Azza M Eltoukhy, Hala M Nagy
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is considered as a growing modality for tissue regeneration and a developing research area for clinicians and researchers. PRP injection treatment provides supraphysiological concentrations of growth factors that may help in accelerated tissue remodeling and regeneration. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of single autologous PRP intradermal injection for treatment of facial wrinkles and for facial rejuvenation...
March 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Gino Rigotti, Luiz Charles-de-Sá, Natale Ferreira Gontijo-de-Amorim, Christina Maeda Takiya, Paola Romina Amable, Radovan Borojevic, Donatella Benati, Paolo Bernardi, Andrea Sbarbati
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, the authors demonstrated that treatment with expanded adipose-derived stem cells or stromal vascular fraction (SVF)-enriched fat modify the pattern of the dermis in human beings, representing a skin rejuvenation effect. Considering that expanded stem cells require a cell factor, the authors wanted to assess similar results by replacing them with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which is easier to obtain and for which an empirical regenerative effect has been already described...
March 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Katharine E Johnson, Yogeshwar Makanji, Peter Temple-Smith, Emily K Kelly, Peter A Barton, Sara L Al-Musawi, Thomas D Mueller, Kelly L Walton, Craig A Harrison
Mature TGF-β proteins are used in vivo to promote bone growth, combat obesity, reverse fibrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension, and as potential rejuvenation factors. However, the serum half-life of this family of growth factors is short (∼5 min), limiting their therapeutic potential. Because TGF-β proteins are normally secreted from cells with their prodomains attached, we considered whether these molecules could extend the in vivo half-life and activity of their respective growth factors. Using activin A as a model ligand, we initially modified the cleavage site between the pro- and mature domains to ensure complete processing of the activin A precursor...
February 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Joseph M Castellano, Elizabeth D Kirby, Tony Wyss-Coray
In the modern medical era, more diverse and effective treatment options have translated to increased life expectancy. With this increased life span comes increased age-associated disease and the dire need to understand underlying causes so that therapies can be designed to mitigate the burden to health and the economy. Aging exacts a seemingly inevitable multisystem deterioration of function that acts as a risk factor for a variety of age-related disorders, including those that devastate organs of limited regenerative potential, such as the brain...
October 2015: JAMA Neurology
Michael S Leo, Alur S Kumar, Raj Kirit, Rajyalaxmi Konathan, Raja K Sivamani
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a highly concentrated autologous solution of plasma prepared from a patient's own blood. PRP contains platelets that are purported to release numerous growth factors that may be valuable in numerous dermatologic applications. Here, we review systematically the clinical cosmetic applications of PRP including: androgenetic alopecia, scar revision, acne scars, skin rejuvenation, dermal augmentation, and striae distensae to understand the potential and best practices for PRP use. A systematic search was conducted on three databases: Pubmed, Embase, and Web of Science...
December 2015: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
B Bioulac, W Heppt, M Heppt
BACKGROUND: Aging is a complex process driven by endogenous and exogenous stimuli. The distinct cellular and noncellular components of skin and adjacent connective tissue are constantly and irreversibly degraded during aging. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to provide an overview of the biology of skin aging and the therapeutic options for rejuvenation. METHODS: A review of the current literature and a demonstration of autologous fat transfer and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are presented from a clinical perspective...
July 2015: HNO
Anthony P Sclafani, James Azzi
In facial plastic surgery, the potential for direct delivery of growth factors from platelet preparations has been of particular interest for use in facial rejuvenation, recovery after facial surgery, and wound healing. A literature search was conducted through PubMed for the terms PRP, PRFM, platelet-rich plasma, platelet-rich fibrin matrix, platelet preparations, platelet therapy, growth factors, platelet facial, platelet facial rejuvenation, platelet wound healing, platelet plastic surgery. Articles pertaining to the use of platelet preparations in facial surgery and wound healing in plastic surgery after 2001 were included...
August 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Andrew R Mendelsohn, James W Larrick
Brain function declines in aging mammals. Recent work has identified dysregulation of key blood-borne factors whose altered expression during aging diminishes brain function in mice. Increased C-C motif chemokine 11 (CCL11) expression with aging is detrimental to brain function. On the other hand, plasma levels of the trophic factor growth/differentiation factor 11 (GDF11) decrease with aging. Restoration of youthful levels of GDF11 by injection partially restores brain function and neurogenesis by improving endothelial cell function and vasculature...
December 2014: Rejuvenation Research
Dmytro Shytikov, Olexiy Balva, Edouard Debonneuil, Pavel Glukhovskiy, Iryna Pishel
It was reported using various biological models that the administration of blood factors from young animals to old animals could rejuvenate certain functions. To assess the anti-aging effect of young blood we tested the influence of repeated injections of plasma from young mice on the lifespan of aged mice. One group of 36 CBA/Ca female mice aged 10-12 months was treated by repeated injections of plasma from 2- to 4-month-old females (averaging 75-150 μL per injection, once intravenously and once intraperitoneally per week for 16 months)...
October 1, 2014: BioResearch Open Access
Jill Bouchard, Saul A Villeda
The effects of aging were traditionally thought to be immutable, particularly evident in the loss of plasticity and cognitive abilities occurring in the aged central nervous system (CNS). However, it is becoming increasingly apparent that extrinsic systemic manipulations such as exercise, caloric restriction, and changing blood composition by heterochronic parabiosis or young plasma administration can partially counteract this age-related loss of plasticity in the aged brain. In this review, we discuss the process of aging and rejuvenation as systemic events...
January 2015: Journal of Neurochemistry
Sabrina Fabi, Hema Sundaram
Growth factors and cytokines (referred to collectively hereafter as GFs) control cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation via a network of inter and intracellular signaling pathways. There are striking parallels between the pathways involved in skin wound healing and those implicated in photoaging of the skin. In recent years, topical and injectable GFs have emerged as an intriguing therapeutic modality that can be harnessed for aesthetic and medical purposes. This article provides a review of available evidence for the role in skin regeneration of topical GFs, and of injectable GFs contained in autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP)...
April 2014: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Yoshikazu Yonei
AIM: The purpose of anti-aging medical checkups is to evaluate the functional age of the patient, aiming to prevent functional aging and rejuvenate the functional age. In this study, a comparison of the medical checkup results was conducted in elderly groups with different levels of activities of daily living (ADL). METHODS: There were three groups of subjects; and an independent group that included 43 independently-living subjects (68.9±6.3 years) in the Kyoto Yurin area, a support-requiring group that included 31 subjects (77...
2013: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
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